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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 15, 1920)
THE NORTH PLATTE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
ANNUAL TAX BILL
Revenue is Mostly Derived
from Incomes and Excess
SENATOR HARDING AT OMAHA
Republican Candidate for President
Addresses Immense Throng at
the Auditorium In
Washington, D. 0. America's tax
bill for the flHcnl year ending Juno 30,
amounted to .$fJyl08,075,408, approxi
mately a billion and a half million dol
lars more than wan paid Into tho fed
eral treasury In the previous twclvo
tnontliM. The figures arc contained In
the preliminary report of the commis
sioner of Internal revenue, Just mado
public. It shows that from Income and
prolltH taxes the government received
approximately throe-fourths of all Its
revenue. In those two Items tljere was
an Increase of $1,350,000,000 over the
lineal year of 1010, receipts for the two
years being 1020, !?3,.)7,70 1,000; 1010,
From inultlfnrloiis sources of "mis
cellaneous" taxation the levy produced
$1,150,374,000, an Increase over the pre
vious year of $1201,000,000.
AlthouKh there was a big decrease
In (axes on liquors there was a corre
spondingly greater Increase in the rev
enue from tobacco In all of Its forms.
Senator Harding Speaks at Omaha.
Omaha, Neb. Senator Warren O.
Hording, republican candidate for
president, spoke to an immense crowd,
estimated at 10,000 to 1J,000, at the
Auditorium here Thursday evening, at
the close of a speaking tour through
Iowu, where he made eleven addresses
during the day. lie was accompanied
by his wife, who was Introduced by
Congressman A. V. .IclYerls', and who
bowed her greetings to the throng.
The audience took kindly to the scn
ator's address, and applauded onthus
lastlcally as he presented his views on
the political issues of the cniripulgn.
Although considerably fatigued by the
strenuous work during the day's trip,
lie was in good voice, and spoke for
over an hour, after having previously
addressed an overllow gathering on the
outside of the Auditorium, which was
crowded to capacity. On bis drlvo
from the station to bis hotel, he was
greeted by thousands who bad gathered
to pay respect to the presidential nom
DIQGE3T CORN CROP IN HISTORY.
Forecast of 3,216,192,000 Bushels
ceeds Record by 99,000,000.
Washington, l). C The 1020 corn
crop promises to be the largest In the
history of the country by more than
A yield of ,'1,210,102,000 bushels, com
pared with the previous record produc
tiou of 3,1 U 1,7-1 0.0(H) bushels In 1012, Is
forecast by the department of agrlcul
tare from a condition of 80.1 on Octo
her 1. The yield would exceed that of
last year by practically !S)0,000,000
bushels. Kansas, Nebraska and Alls
sour! will contribute practically all
Warm and dry September weather,
free from widespread frosts, aided the
maturing of the late crop and during
the month the prospects for this year
were Increased by 85,000.000 bushels.
The frosts near tho end it the month
did little damage, and tmt great bulk
of the crop Is now safoJn that score,
government experts say.
GiVETRADE PRACTICE AS CAUSE
Business Interests Confer With
Trade Commssion on
Heywood and Others Sentenced to
Serve Time In Federal Prison
More Evidence In Ball
Washington, D. C Partial responsi
bility for high prices is laid on the
trade practice of manufacturers' guar
antee against price decline by thosu
Who protested against the custom at
the hearing before the Federal Trade
commission. More than 200 spokes
men for business Interests were pres
ent to advise with the commission In
formulating a policy.
The statement that prices would
have gone down soon after the armi
stice In many linos had the price guar
antee practice been unknown In com
merce was brought out In answer to
questions by Chairman Murdock, who
asked for opinions on that phase.
Without exception, opponents of the
system declared their belief had been
onllrmed by breaks In commodities
whore the practice was not employed.
They cited the sugar and silk markets
More Evidence In Ball Scandal.
Chicago, III. Evidence which ofilc-
lals In the state attorney's ofllce said
will result In the Indictment of several
National league baseball players has
been given tho Cook county grand Jury
by players and club olllcluls who testi
fied in the Inquiry Into the baseball
There will be no Indictments for sev
eral days, however, for the Jury ad
journed, subject to cull and is not ex
pected to reconvene until after the
world's series. Adjournment was ta
ken because It was fount that several
witnesses scheduled to testify ure at
tending the series games.
UPHOLD CONVICTION OF I. W. W'S.
Haywood and Fourteen Others
tenced for Twenty Years.
Chicago, III. Tho United States cir
cuit court of appeals has 'landed down
a decision upholding the conviction of
William D. Haywood and ninety-three
other I. W. W.'s who were found guilty
and sentenced to Leavenworth for ob
structing the draft law during the war.
Two counts were thrown out by thu
appellate court, but In all others the
decision of the lower court was af
firmed. Haywood and fourteen other defend
ants were sentenced to twenty years
In prison by Judge IC. M, Lnndls and In
addition were lined sums ranging from
$20,000 to 15,000.
Big Money Back of Deal.
New York. Relief 'that a half-million
dollar pool, hacked by "big mon
eyed men," was arranged in New York
to llx the 1010 world's series, Is ex
pressed by Assistant District Attorney
James 10. Smith. Mr. Smith, who has
been ordered by District Attorney
Swann to take charge of local Investi
gations of the baseball Irregularities,
said that ho Intended to push bis In
quiry until "some of these crooks have
been landed In the penitentiary."
Grand Jury subpoenaes for three al
leged gamblers, Including Abe Attell,
have been Issued, Mr. Smith an
Plenty of Coal in Sight.
Des Moines, la. Prospects are good
for plenty of coal for all purposes dur
ing the coming winter, In the opinions
of D. IJ. Wentz and J. D. A. Morrow,
president and vice presIdcnt,of the na
tional coal association, who say there
Is no occasion for alarm.
Triple Made by One Player.
Cleveland, O. In a game abounding
with sensational, unique and thrilling
plays, the Cleveland Americans defeat
ed the Brooklyn Nationals, 8 to 1, In
tho fifth contest of the world's series
hero Sunday afternoon. An unassist
ed triple , piny by William Wnnibs
gunss, of Cleveland, the first In the
history of the World's series, and homo
runs by Elmer Smith and Jim llugby,
were a trio of individual feats.
Oklahoma City, Okla. Pleas of not
guilty were entered by thirty-six Okla
homa City, Enid and Amularko, retail
merchants and restaurant owners In
dicted for alleged violation of the Lev
Judge' Lee Estelle Passes Away,
Qmaha, Neb. Judge Ley S. Estelle,
dean of the Douglas county district
court, died Sunday morning bore, from
a complication of diseases affecting his
heart, lungs and kidneys, after an 111
ness of seven weeks. He was 751 years
Washington, D. 0. Poland through
Its legation here, has made Informal
request of the State department for
vthe extension of aid by the United
States to l'olnud In the form of food
Predicts War With Mexico.
Itoston, Mass. Henry Morgenthnu,
recently appointed ambassador to Me.X'
I cp, speaking before thu National Fed
oration of Itellglous Liberals, said
"If tho United States does not enter
the league of nations, but keei a free
hand, it will mean war with Mexico in
,nlde of a year."
Santiago, Chile. Arturo Alessandrln
of tho liberal alliance has been pro
claimed president of Chile for the per
iod 1020-25 by the Joint session of con
U. S. POPULATION
Nebraska Has 1,295,502, an In
crease of 103,288 Above
uensus or ion rears Ago
Washington, D. C. The 1020 popular
tlon of the continental United States
is announced by the census bureau n
105,081,108. This Is nn increase oC
13,710,842, or 14.0 per cent since 1010.
The total does not Include the popu
lation of outlying possessions, which
will be announced as soon as tho fig
ures for AlaBka and the military an
naval service abroad nre tabulated. It
Is estimated, however, that these pos
sessions have 12,250,000 Inhabitants, bo-
the total number of people living under
the American flag In round numbers 1st
118,000,000. The figures compare with,
01,072,200 ten years ago and 75,091,575.
twenty years ago.
1 -General Fnyolle
conferring the Medallle Mllltalre of France on General Pershing at Fort Myer. 2 Some
of the wooden ships built by the shipping board during the war and now rotting in the James river. 8. Col.
Frederick W. Onlbralth of Cincinnati, new national commander of the American Legion.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Russian Reds, Whipped in the
Field, Agree to Armistice
With the Poles.
Busy Month In the Mints.
Washington, United States' mints
during September coined 7S0.000
pieces of silver money for Cuba and
010.000 pieces of silver for Peru, ac
cording to director of the Mint linker
No gold coins were executed for the
United States during the mouth.
Flour Continues Drop.
Minneapolis Flour prices continued
their downward trend when mills of
fected a reduction of 10 to 00 cents
a harrol for family "patents here.
Attack on Japanese,
Toklo. Japanese troops have been
sent to Hun-Chun, a town In Manchu
rla, near the Korean frontier which
was raided ny minium.
Atlanta, Ga. A call for all agricul
tural Interests to meet In Washington,
October 12 and 111 to "protest against
government efforts to begin deflation
with the farm" has been Issued here
bv otllclals of the. national hoard of
SUBMIT TO ALL DEMANDS
Soviet Forcec-May Concentrate Against
Wrangel Peace In Ireland Nearer
Some Late Developments In
Our Presidential Campaign. '
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
Thoroughly whipped by tho Poles.
Hie Russian P.olshevlkl hnve signed nn
nrmlstlco with their opponents, nnrt on
October 14 hostilities ore supposed to
cease. The full terms agreed upon nt
Itlga have not yet been given to the
public, but enough has been told to
show that Poland has won virtually
all her contentions. M. .Toffe, head of
the Russian delegation, was In no po
sition to refuse anything within rea
son, nnd Indeed he had been Instruct
ed to ncccpt almost any terms the
Poles might offer. .
The western boundnry line of soviet
Russia was the mnln mntter under
discussion, nnd this was settled entire
ly In favor of tho Poles, according to
reports from Riga. The lino Is placed
so far east that Llthuanln is cut off en
tirely from Russia, and Poland Is
given a corridor between those two
countries. The boundary agreed upon
begins east of Dvlnsk. runs south
through liarano.vltehl. Lunlnlets and
Snrny. anil vlrtuallv along the Gorninn
lino of 1015 to tho Roumanian frontier.
The Poles have asserted repeatedly
that the Lithuanians have been fight
ing alongside the Russians, and this
boundnry settlement should, therefore.
go far In bringing nbnut a peaceful
agreement between Poland and Lithu
ania; when that Is accomplished the
Poles will be free to turn their atten
tion to the establishment of their own
government nnd tho development of
their country. They have agreed to be
neutral In the Ukraine, where the so
viet nnd Potlurn' forces are fighting,
and Russia gives up all claims to east
It Is asertfd by some correspond
ents that Pombskl, bend of the Polish
mission at Riga, was moved to hurry
up the agreement with the Russians
by the admonitions of the British em
bnssadnr In Warsaw and also by the
movements of his political opponent.
Prince Snplehn. Tn addition, say tlioso
correspondents, the liberal Domhskl
element In Poland, Is somewhat
nlarmed by the successes of Iinron
Wrangel In southern Russln: consider
ing that the restoration of the old
uussian empire would constitute a
great danger to Poland. Many exports
believe that n Russo-Pollsb pence will
result In the crushing of Wrangel nnd
Ills armies. It Is taken for grunted
that the soviet government will at
once concentrate its ertorts on the
tn the fact that the Russian crop out
look Is the worst ever experienced nnd
that In consequence the country faces
starvation during the coming winter.
Lenlne nnd tho other leaders have
been making desperate efforts to re
open commercial relations with Great
Britain and Italy and to make peace
with Rounuuila, but these efforts hnve
been fruitless so far. The Red sol
diers are mutinying and assassinating
their ofllcers, nnd the Russian people
generally are in despair.
In Petrograd especially the condi
tions are terrible, and all the Inhab
itants who enn are lleelng from the
city. The Finnish Red Cross has Just
issued an appeal to the Red Crqs,s So
cieties of the World describing the
shocking stnte.of affairs In the former
cnpltal. The population hns shrunk to
about 000,000, and thousands are dying
every month of various kinds of epi
demics. There Is no fuel, no hot wa
ter for baths, no street cleaning or re
moval of garbage, nnd the streets nre
becoming lmpassnble because the pav
ing blocks nre being burned and the
water pipes are bursting. The hos
pitals are overturning with pntlents
and their equipment Is wretchedly Inadequate.
"Death," says the report, "stalks on
every side, waiting ror winter to niu
in the grim work of mowing down the
silent, hungry sick, and dying thou
sands. With streets nnd houses choked
with filth that is nlready spreading
spotted and Intermittent typhus, the
cold weather will finish the task with
pneumonia and abdomlnnl typhus."
Chicago. Ono thousand bars In Chi
cago are openly selling real beer and
moonshine whisky In llagrant viola
tion of prohibition laws, according to
Major A. V. Dnlryniple, federal pro
hibition enforcement director for this
Tho nllted mission nnmed to handle
the dispute between Poland and Lith
uania arrived at Suwalkl Tuesday to
begin work, nnd on the snme day, It
was announced, the Poles nnd Lltliu
nnlans stopped fighting.
The Adriatic dispute between Italy
nnd Jugo-Slnvla Is In a fair way of
settlement, for cabinet members of
both nntions met Frldny In Venice and
resumed direct negotiations. Some
tlnieago Lloyd George nnd Mlllernnd,
then premier of France, said if the
Jugo-SIavs and Italians got together
It was nobody else's business, which
was taken as a warning to the United
Stntes government to keep Its hands
off, whatever may be the disposition
this support, and It may send n depu
tation to Lloyd George this week. The
first step in thrt; plan Is the creation of
a constituent assembly In Ireland In
which Ulster will be represented.
President Wilson got Into the presi
dential campaign at the beginning of
the week with a long letter addressed
to his fellow citizens, urging them to
place the seal of their approval of the
League of Nations covenunt by their
votes nt the polls In November. He
said : "The chief question that Is put
to you Is, of course, this : Do you want
your country's honor vindicated and
the treaty of Versailles ratified? Do
you in particular approve of the
League of Is'atjons as organized nnd
empowered In "flint treaty? And do
you wish to see the United Stntes piny
Its responsible part In It?"
He snld the opponents of fte lengue
hnd mlslend the voters nnd hnd dls
played gross Ignorance nnd Impudent
audacity In their-"attempt to Invent an
'Americanism' of their own, which has
no foundation whatever In any of the
authentic traditions of the govern
Following this lend, Governor Cox
nnd Franklin Itoosovelt In their cam
palgn speeches are now making the
League of Nations the grent Issue and
are devoting to It most of their nrgu
ments. Homer S. Cunimlngs. former
SDcinocrntic nntlonnl cllnlrmnn, also
hns been called on and will speak for
the lengue In Ohio. Kansas, Indlnnn,
Kentucky, New Mexico nnd California
Nebraska's Record of Growth.
Nebrasku's population as nnnouncect
by the bureau is 1,205,502. Tho In
crease during the lust ten years Is-.
103.2S8, or 8.7 per cent
In 1010 tho population of Nebraska
was 1,102,214, ranking it us twenty
ninth most populous state In the union.
It showed nn Increase of 125,014, or
11.8 per cent over 100Q. In area Ne
braska ranked ns fifteenth state In.
1010 with a land area of 70,808, mak
ing Its population 15.5 per square-mile.
Nebraska's record of growth. Is as.
Non. Partisan Names to Qo on Ballot.
Lincoln, Neb. Petitions covering
tho nomination of tho Nonpartisan
league candidates d"or stale ofllces have
been filed with Secretary of Stato
Amsberry. They Include Arthur G.
Wniv for governor, Robert I, Mousel
for lieutenant governor and Floyd D.
llollen for attorney general. Petitions
wore also filed for Marie Wueks as.ln-
dependent candldato for congress In
tho Third district.
Tho names of these candldntes will
go on the ballot labeled by "petition."
However. Wrangel hns been mnklng
such progress In his onmpalsn that his
chances st'll seem good. Tn his nil
vnnce nnrtnward lie tins tnKen ninny
thousnnds of prisoners and vast qunn
titles of material, and his forces nlsn
pushed along the const of the Sen of
Azov northenstwanl toward Important
cities on the lower Don. Ha'iy In the
week It was snld that Makno. the
Ukraine Insurgent lender, had formed
a Junction with Wrnngel's troops' nnd
in n living mid had seized Kharkov.
Lnter a wireless dispatch from Mos
cow assorted that Mnkno hnd lnlnod
the Tlolshevlkl jind had been given n
command against Wrangel. It wns
said his shift was due to the refusal
of his troops td fight nirnlnst the Rot-
Vhevlkl. Mnknn's past history Inclines
ono to doubt the truth of this report.
According to a Copenhagen newspa
per, General Weygnnd, who assisted
the Polo, has gone to South Russln
to take supreme commnnd of the nntl
soviet armies there.
If It wero not for the people of Cali
fornia and a few Jingoes on both sides
of the Pnclllc, the threat of unplensant
relntlons between America and Japan
would quickly fade away. The Ameri
can associations of Tokyo nnd Yoko
hama hnve cabled' to Secretary of
State Colby a set of Joint resolutions
urging that Americans "act with sober
deliberation and patience, trusting the
respective governments to find a so
lution satisfactory and effective with
out affronting Jnpnn or sacrificing the
principles of equity on either hand."
Viscount Ishll. the new Jnpanese
nmbnssndor to France and one of his
country's wisest stntesmen, Is qimtcd
ns saying: "War will never come be
tween the United States and Japan,
unless the United States seizes Japa
nese territory or Japan seizes Anierl
can territory. Japan bus not the re
motest Intention of ever nttemptlng to
appropriate any Amerlcnn territory."
He says there Is no trade war on be
tween the two countries, nnd thnt In
hor and land problems cannot ho per
mitted to be inngnlfled Into questions
where war might he even envisaged.
He and other Japanese lenders nssert
that most of the peoplo of Japan real
ize that most of the talk of Interna
tional trouble Is due to the fnct thnt
the United Stntes Is In the throes of a
Senntor nardlng nbandnned his
porch again for n quick speaking tour
through part of the Middle West, nnd
in his nddress at Des Moines he ac
cepted the direct Issue of ratifying or
rejecting the Lengue of Nations cov
ennnt. He declared flatly he would
.fnvor staving out of the lengue as
formed nt Versailles: he said be want
ed no acceptance of the league with
or without reservations to clnrlfy
America's obligations, nnd thnt he
thought the proper thing to do wns to
relect the covenant altogether. As for
what he does favor doing in the way
of an association of nations, he said
"I shall not risk embarrassing the
flnnl solutlon: of n problem so mo
mentous by undertaking to Iny down
In ndvnnce specific details or plans. As
soon ns possible after my election T
shall advise with tho best minds in the
United States and especially I shall
consult In advance with the sennte,
with whom, by tho terms of the Con
stltutlon. I shall Indeed be hound to
counsel and without whose consent no
such International association can be
formed. I shall do this to the end
that we shall have an association of
nut Ions for the promotion of Interna
tlonal peace, but one which shall defi
nitely snfeguard our sovereignty nnd
recognize our ultimate and unmort-
gaged freedom of notion."
"The percentages of Increases showa
for the several states, vary greatly,.
due in part to the causes which hnvo-
been noted as affecting the Increase of
population of the country ns n whole.
but also In part to the abnormal Inter
nal movement of population required
to meet tho excessive demands of the-
war work In certain sections. For
three stntes: Mississippi, Nevadn and!
Vermont, there have been small de
creases in population, the lnrgest de
crease being for Nevnda, 5.5 pen cent.
Population by States.
1920 1920 1910 1919,
Hunk. State. Pop. Pop. llank
1 Now York 10,384,144 9.113,614 1
c tennayjvania . b.yzu.id-j
3 Illinois 0.485.098
4 Ohio 5.769.368
0 TcxaB 4.G61.027
6 Massachusetts.. 3,851.615
7 Michigan ...... 3.6C7.222
8 California 3,426,536
9 Missouri 3.403.547
10 New Jersey .... 3,155,374
11 Indiana 2.930.544
12 Georgia 2,893.955
13 Wisconsin 2.613,839
14 Kentucky 2.557.618
15 North Carolina. 2,563,485
10 lowa 2,403,630
18 Alabama .
:0 Vlrcinla ..
24i Kansas .. ,
25 Arkansas .
26 South Carolina. 1,683,662
:7 west viruima . i,463,tiu
'29 Connecticut .
30 Washlnnton .
31 Nebraska ....
35 Mnino 767,996
36 South Dakota. 635.839
37 Hhode Island . .
38 North Dakota.
41 N. Hampshire..
42. DIst. of Col....
, . 2,027,661
, . 1,797,798
44 Vermont 352,421
45 New Mexico ... 360.247
46 Arizona 333,273
47 Delaware 223,003
48 Wyoming 194,402
49 Nevada 77,407
The apparent collapse of the llolshe-
I vlkl Is probably due In large measure
The efforts of the Irish peace coun
cil, made up of moderates from all
parts of the Island, are slowly lead
ing to a settlement of the Irish prob
lem. The council hns completed its
plan for dominion rule nf the Islnnd.
nnd Its members say the leaders of
the Sinn Fein have Intimated that,
though of course they still desire en
tire Independence, they will not oppose
the plnn If It can be shown that a ma
jority of the Irish people desire It.
Premier Lloyd George nlso told the
council It must he able to assure hlui
of sufficient support In Ireland to guar
antee that the scheme would be work
able, before he would submit It to par
liament. The council claims to have
An ncrlmonlous controversy has
nrlsen between President Wilson nnd
Senntor Spencer of Missouri. The Int.
ter, in cnmpnlgn speeches, nsserted
thnt the President during the pence
conference promised Roumnnln and
Sorbin that If needed the Amerlcnn
urmy and navy would be sent to their
nid. Thjs charge Mr. Wilson branded
as absolutely false. The senntor re
torted thnt the alleged promise wns to
lie found Id the stenographic report of
the eighth plenary session of the eon
ference, In which Mr. Wilson wns re
ported to-have said to Premier Urn-
tlnnii of Roumnnln: "You must not
forget thnt It Is force thnt Is the final
guaranty of the public pence. If the
world Is again troubled the United
States will send to this side of the
ocenn their army and their Hoot."
Spencer nsked the President to pro
duce the report, hut Secretory Tumulty
snld on l liiirsitny the President had no
stenographic report of the eighth r'en.
nry session and, so far as the Presi
dent knows, there Is no such record In
Nebraska's Five Largest Counties.
Omuhu, Neb. Figures compiled by
the publicity bureau of the Chamber
of Commerce here show population of
the five largest counties In Nebraska
as follows : Douglas, 120-1,524 ; Loncns-
ter, S.VJ02; Gage. 29,721; Custer 20,407
and IlutTalo, 2:1,787.
Greatest gains were In Seottsbluff,.
1-17.0 per cent; Klmhnll, 131.0 per cent;
Morrill, 99.0 per cent; Cheyenne, 84.T
per cent, and Deuel, 83.8 per cent.
Greatest losses wero in Sioux, 19.1
per cent ; Johnson, 12.2 per cent ; J,oup,
11.1 per cent; Pawnee, 9.5 per cent.
nnd Webster, 0 per cent.
Farms Increase In U. S.
Wnshlngton, D. 0. There nre in the
United Stntes fl,459,0S8 farms, an In
crease of 08,190, or 1.5 per cent over
the total number recorded In 1010, the
census bureau announces.
London. William B. (Pussyfoot
Johnson, the American temperance ad
vocute, narrowly escaped from im
nngry crowd which interrupted one of
Ills temperance meetings nt Rending,
Berkshire, nnd tried to break through
the locked doors of the hall to reach
Unless the Supreme court of the
United States says no. "Illg Hill" Hay
wood and the 03 other I, W. W. mem
bers who were tried some time ago be
fore Judge Lnndis will have to go to
the penitentiary. Their conviction on;
chnrges of conspiracy to violate the
t-elcetlve draft and espionage nets has
been affirmed by the United States Cir
cuit Court of Appeals.
Wheat Futures Touch Low Level.
Chicago, III. Wheat futures have
declined 10 to 12 cents n bushel in the
principal grain mnrkets of the west.
in Home cases touching low levels not
before reached since tho government
fixed the wartime wheat price.
First Woman Sheriff Elected.
Plttsboro, N. C. Miss Myrtle Slier,
of Plttsboro, is tho first woman h
North America to hold tho ofllce of
sheriff, having been elected to thut of
fice by the Chatham county commissioners.
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