The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, June 01, 1920, Image 2

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Shortage of Hired Labor Threat
ens to Curtail Production
of Food.
Increase of Wages From 15 to 25 Per
cent'Falls to Relieve Situation
Total Acreage Undoubtedly
Will Be Reduced.
Washington With n Hhortngo of
hired firm labor, dm acute iih In 1018,
threatening to curtail food production
on American fnrmn, 15. T. Meredith,
secretary of agriculture, Iiiih Issued
an uppun I to city men, college students
iind others to spend tliulr vacations
working on farms, particularly an
helpers- In harvest fields.
Reports secured by thu federal de
partment from Its representative In
practically ovory state In tho Union
show that the supply of hired farm
labor In this country In only about 72
per cent of the normal supply, com
pared with approximately 8'l per cent
of a norma! supply u year ago. This
yotir'H shortage I almost exactly the
flame iih that of two years ago when
large numbers of men were In military
May Cut Production.
The present (shortage has arisen In
splto of the. fact that farm wages arc
15 to 2fi iter cent hlglwr than last
your. Tho Hltuatlon, unremedied, can
not fail to have unfavorable effect on
production, according to the United
States department of ngrlculture, and
will tend to prevent any reduction In
tho prices of farm products. While
tho total acreage undoubtedly will be
reduced as n result of tho present situ
ation, It will not be In ns largo propor
tion as the reduction In the labor sup
ply, because the farmers with their
families are exerting themselves to
the utmost to overcome their handicap.
Cultivation thin year will be less In
tensive than formerly. More land will
be put Into grass and such other crops
ns require a minimum of labor, It Is
said, and tho tilled fields will ho less
Intensively cultivated.
Secvetnry Meredith calls on nil bus
iness men and students to spend their
summer holidays helping relieve the
present sltuntlon and so nld In com
bating high living costs. In malting
Discovers Way
to Balk Idiocy
Surgeon Perfects New Method of
Treating Tumor of the Hu
man Brain.
Discovery Is Result of Long Series of
Experiments on Animals Locates
Tumors and Obstructions
Every Time.
Bnltlmorc, Mil, Dr. Wnlter K.
Dandy, associate In surgery at Johns
Hopkins hospital, has discovered a
process by which purified nlr Is
pumped Into the channels of the hu
man brain, thus making possible u
ltudy of the living brain.
The discovery Is regarded of tre
mendous Importance In that It nl
ready has saved scores of persons from
Idiocy and premature death, by mak
ing possible the oxnet location of
brain tumors, and thus their eventual
Tho discovery of Doctor Dandy Is
tho result of a long series of export
"ucnts on nulmnls.
Fluid That Feeds th Brain.
In each hemisphere of tho brain
there Is n large ventricle or chamber
:onnoctlng with an elaborate system
of channels filled with n fluid pro
ducod apparently by one of the glands
and delivered to the bruin through
the spine. This fluid passesslowly to
A new and Interesting aerlul view
The U. S. S. lown. In Its day the prldo of the American navy and llngsii'P
of the late "Fighting Hob" Evans, unless plans of naval experts fall, will lu
used as a moving target for modern dreadnoughts, Its movements directed by
powerful wlreles apparatus Invented by John Hays Hammond. Tho Iowa is
about thirty years old and Is of no further use as a lighting machine.
this appeal It Is recognized that, at
the outset at least, such labor Is not
as elllclent ns experienced farm labor,
but the excellent results secured In
1018, when city men In large numbers
aided the farmers, leave no doubt as
to the success of the present drive If
tho men will respond.
Plan to Help Farmers.
The United States department of
ngrlculture was represented by Ashcr
Ilobson at the meeting of the Natlonnl
Farm Labor conference held In Kan
sas City recently and the otllce of farm
management, of which Mr. Ilobson Is
nsslstant chief, Is laying plans looking
townrd offering effective aid In dealing
with tho farm lnbor situation, partic
ularly In the harvest season. It Is ex
pected that dellnlto announcement re
garding work along thin line will bo
made In tho near future. Until other
provision has been made by the de
partment nil persons Interested in find
ing work on farms should write to the
directors of agricultural extension at
tho agricultural colleges In the vnrl
ous states. These directors are pre-
tho surface of the hrnln, there to be
absorbed by the brain tissue, and It
might he described as the lluld on
which tho brain feeds.
An excess of this lluld Is known ns
hydrocephalus, or water on the brain.
Doctor Dandy has discovered that It
frequently follows a tumor which
blocks the passage of the fluid. Na
ture provides but ime method of dis
posing of It, absorption. When that
Is prevented by a tumor, the lluld col
lects and presses against the brain,
destroying It. Sometimes patients will
live for .venrs as Imbeciles.
Trials So Far Successful.
In every case where It has been
used the method has been successful
In locating tumors and other brain ob
structions within a hair's breadth.
One of the most remarkable features
of the discovery Is that It Is most effi
cacious when only a local anesthetic
Is used. It was discovered that tho
patient felt no 111 effects and was nble
to glvo assistance to the surgeon.
In one case described by Doctor
Dandy a patient was operated on half
a dozen times for a tumor of tho brain
without success. Doctor Dnndy used
his prqeess and located the tumor,
which was removed from a point not
considered by diagnosticians.
A photograph of the patient prior to
tho operation showed a face with sag
ging Hues nut! the vacant stare of Im
becility. A photograph a few months
after the operation showed a man ap
parently In full possession of his
of the cupltul lu Wudhluytuu, luudu
pared to supply the names of county
agents having farms In their respec
tive counties thnt need farm labor, By
this methoil anyone desiring to help
on a farm can get In direct communi
cation with the farmer.
Brooklyn Judge Lets Him Go to Try
to Square Things With His
Wlfe-to-Be. '
Brooklyn, N. Y. Togged out in his
wedding finery, namely, a perfectly
correct nfternoon outfit, Alexander
Klnskowsky, aged forty, woke up In a
Ills recollections of what happened
were vague. He remembered he had
started from his boarding house to
make his first venture In married life.
Ills wife-to-bo was waiting for him.
Ills disposition to be prompt at the al
tar was fixed In his mind, but a temp
ter whispered to him that one little
glass of half of 1 per cent beer would
not hurt htm. The bnrman whispered
"try whisky," as If he was doing lilin a
favor, and he did. That was the last
recollection he had until the cell cus
todian woke him up and told lilin to
get ready to go to court.
The facts In the case were duly
presented to Magistrate McGuIro by
Patrolman McOovern, who had picked
the expectant bridegroom out of the
"If you promise me that you will not
take another drink until you are safe
ly married I'll let you go," said the
Kloskowsky promised, with marked
fervor, and then started out-to square
things with the woman who may or
may not consent to be Mrs. Klos
kowsky. King Alfonso Was Fined
for Walking on Grass
Mndrld. King Alfonso wns
fined two pesetas for walking
across the grass In the Gardens
of the. Alcazar. Every member
of bis suite who followed the
king across tho greensward like
wise was fined.
The first Intimation the royal
party had that It had committed
an "offense was when a guardian
approached and said : "Your
majesty, walking bn the grass Is
forbidden. I must flue you ac
cording to my Instructions." At
first King Alfonso was abashed,
then he laughed and paid the
Later the mayor of the town
called at the palace and apol
ogized to the king, but his
majesty told hint the guardian
bad acted properlytind should
be rewarded for devotion to
Hum u Uua.u uuo unu. uu.u uwiu
Fowls Should De Healthy and Vigor
' ous for Best Success Yearling
Hens Preferred.
Ior success In rnlslng chickens It Is
necessnry to hnve healthy ami vigor
ous breeding stock, for the lack of vig
or In the newly hatched chicks Is often
traceable to weak parents. Only the
most vigorous and the best grown
birds should he put In the breeding
yards. Each bird should be full of life
and energy mid free from nny serious
Yearling hens are usnnlly, better than
pullets for breeder, because hens nro
more mature and do not lay so ninny
eggs during the early winter, and con
sequently do not reduce their vitality
Select Only Most Vigorous and Best-
Grown Birds for Breeding Pens.
so much before the breeding reason.
Vigorous hens two to four years old
can often be advantageously retained
in the breeding yard.
The male bird chosen should be
young and active. An early hatched,
well-developed cockerel Is usually sat
isfactory, poultry specialists of the
United Stntes department of ngrlcul
ture alllrm, or n good, vigorous year-
ling or two-yenr-old cock may be chos
en. The hens used for breeding pur
poses should be given tho best enro
possible; they should be provided with
large runs and should not bo forced
for heavy egg production during the
enrly winter.
When Trap Nests Are Used No
Amount of Cackling Will Deceive
. Owner of Poultry Flock.
Trap nests are the deadly foe of thu
lazy hen. When they are used, no
amount of cackling and appearance ot
Industry enn conceal the fact that she
isn't delivering the goods. They are
tho one nccurato way by which tho
owner of a flock can check up on the
laying ability of the Individual hens.
Besides being valuable In locating
the drones, their use Is advisable for
the following additional reasons:
Tl-y help to make the birds tame,
thereby tending townrd increased egg
They furnish definite knowledge con
cerning the egg production of Indi
vidual fowls.
They furnish the most satisfactory
basis for utility or other breeding.
They show which ben lnys each Indi
vidual egg, thus furnishing the essen
tial basis for pedigree breeding.
Mediterranean Breeds Are Best Suited
for Production Do Not Make
Good Sitters.
Poultry of the Mediterranean or egg
breeds are best suited for the produc
tion of wblte-shclled eggs, lteprosen
tatlves of this class are bred largely
for the production of eggs rather than
for meat production. Among the pop
ular breeds of this class are: Leghorn,
Minorca. Anconn and Andnluslnn. One
of the outstanding characteristics of
the egg breeds Is the fact that they are
classed as nonsltters. That Is, as a
rule, they do not become broody and
hntch their eggs. When fowls of this
class are kept, artlflclnl Incubation and
brooding are usually employed.
Small or dirty eggs should ho used
at home.
Karly cockerols are going to bring
good prices this spring.
Feed growing chicks a dry mash to
which they can help themselves.
Preserve eggs In the spring and sum
mer for use during the fall and winter
when eggs are scarce and high In
Scatter nlr-sIaod lime all around
the houses and yirds nnd you will do
nuich to prevent vmp and cholera. It
Is a sure germ C-rstroyor nnd Is espe
cially good as n deodorizer under tho
perches. '
Many young dicks are killed every
prlng by gnpowonns, which get Into
the windpipe nnd fnlrly strangle the
young birds to death.
The pullets thnt lay nt four and a
hnlf months usually molt nil winter--rtuctlcnKy
profitless producers.
All Candidates Strong For Good Roads
WASHINGTON. M o t o r I s t s may
place their bets on at least ono
political certainty In the vast presi
dential racing field. No matter who
is elected, the national good roads
movement will receive the whole-hearted
backing of the White House.
Without n single exception, nil of
the presidential candidates whoso
opinions clash on most everything
from the reason for T cent sugar to
Uncle Sam's foreign policy, tire In per
fect accord concerning the vital Is
sue of Improved highways as a means
to the future economic welfare of
the country.
Gov. Frank O. Lowden declnres that
good roads Is the one thing which
will check the How or vntunr men nnd
women from farms to cities. Gen.
Leonard Wood believes that the good
roads lesson Is ono of the outstand
ing" features of the war. Herbert
Hoover wants a mighty national cr-
,'nnlzntlon for the establishment of
the greater roads system. W. G. Mc-
Adoo believes good roads should sup
"Overalls" Nets Bright Reporter $10,
DEAR, dear! Word has reached
Washington from Pnrls thnt the
overall movement to hand a wallop
to II. C. L. Is nothing more than an
"advertising stunt."
And this after Representative Up-
show of Georgia has appeared In the
house In overalls to receive the ap
plause of less enterprising colleagues:
and overall clubs have been formed.
In every nook nnd cranny of the Innd ; I
nnd lnwyers have worn them Into
court and escaped a fine for contempt,
nnd dignified bankers have put 'em
on; nnd a Kansas mayor has been In
augurated In 'em. and the denim
parades have marched and counter
marched with the bands playing:
"Overalls, overalls," and even thu girls
Imve put 'em on 1
It seems too awful to be true, yet
the story from Paris Is clrcumstantlnl.
It says that flashing like n meteor Into
Paris, loaded with more diamond' than
the late "Jim" Brady, and scattering
hnndfiils of JiUls with a prodigality of
"Million Dollar" Gntes, Johnny Soren
sen of New York, the first overall mil
lionaire, who has Just sold out his In
terest In the big overall factories In
"No Sportsman" Is Verdict on the German
XlEIllPA Is a tuition of sportsmen.
and the decision of the English
mid Belginn Jockey clubs to bar from
participation In racing and tho refusal
to accept for registration in the Eng
lish stud book any alien enemy horses
Is of great Interest here. The French
Jockey vlub has not yet token nny
formal action regarding alien owned
horses, hut It may confidently be ex
pected to follow the lead of Its allies
and neighbors. Whether tlie Jockey
Club of America will take any action
In the premises remains to be seen.
The United States is so remote from
the Interdicted countries thnt there Is
little likelihood of any German bred
or owned thoroughbreds being sent
hero for racing.
To Cut Soldiers' War
WAli veterans holding government
Insurance will be able to pay their
premiums at the local post offices If
congress pnsecs a bill which lias Just
been' approved by tho house commit
tee on Interstate and foreign com
merce. The measure revises the war
risk Insurance laws with a view to
(be elimination of much of tlie red
tape. Representative Sweet of Iowa
fins served as chairman of the sub
committee which bus been handling
this class of legislation.
The plan us outlined In the bill has
tlie approval of the treasury depart
ment, of which the bureau of war
risk Insurance Is u part. It provides
for the establishment of 11 regional
offices In the United States.
The bureau of public health s-ervlco
and the federal hoard of vocational
education have a like nuiuhor of of
fices and an effort Is being made to
co-ordinate the work to be rendered
by these three government agencies to
soldiers, sailors and marines of the
recent wnr.
All of these officer will probably be
consolidated In one building In each
plement the railroads to keep puce
with America's development. Mt.
Bryan says we should celebrate peace
by building It memorials In permanent
"livery possible facility must be pro
vided to encourage producers of farm
commodities and merchandise to In
crease production." declares Attorney
General V. Mitchell Palmer, antl II.
C. L. leader. "The Improvement and
use of public highways, In addition to
airways, railways and waterways, Is
vital to the progress and prosperity of
the people."
"We have had a great object lesson
In the paved hlirhways of California."
says Senntor Illrnm Johnson. "They,
have been a great fnctor In the de
velopment of the state. The Improve
ment of the highways of the nation un
doubtedly will bo of groat economic
value to the country as a whole."
"Transportation bns made every
avenue of civilization," is the belief of,
Senator Warren O. Ilnrdlng. There
Is no advancement In production and
exchange until there are highways- to
facilitate the transportation In
volved." "Good mods construction retarded
by tlie war should now be pushed vig
orously." declared Senator Miles Poln
dexter. "I favor an extensive system
of natlonnl roads- built by the federnl
government and located with a view
to military defense as well ns civic
and commercial use, and eo-ordlnnted
with existing highways."
Newark, N. J.; Schenectady. N. Y.
and Buffalo, N. V at a thousand per
cent profit, arrived at Claridge's, grab
bing the royal suite.
"The overalls campaign In America
ts the biggest publicity stunt ever
pulled off." said Mr. Sorenson.
"It originated In the brain of a
Now York reporter, who, seeing tho
possibilities of the 'story,' went to
tlie biggest overall linn In the coun
try and put the scheme In operation.
He got $10,000 for the Idea and was
given n lob nt the bead of the firm's
publicity department.
Mr. Sorenson said the stock of bis.
company bounded from 43 to COO la
n few days after the Idea was sprung.
Sportsmen of nil kinds, whether or
not interested in racing, are concerned
in this action. The sportsman is the;
sentlemnn of sports. He plays fnlr.
He Is a good winner nnd n better loser.
"All men nre eijunl on the turf und
under It."
The racing sportsmen of Englnnd
and Belgium have served notice on
the German thnt by their standards
he Is no sportsman.
This nctlon will bo n crushing blow
to the horse breeding activities of Ger
many, Austro-IIungary, Bulgaria ami
Turkey. Thoroughbred sires, mqst ot
them of English lineage, were the
foundntlon of the grent army and rac
ing studs developed by Germany nnd
Austro-Hungury. The best were none
too good In the establishment of a typo
of general purpose horse.
The English Derby winners. Ard
Patrick and Gnltee Moore, each cost
."5110,000. and were among the lino sires
thnt were available to farmers and
breeders at a nominal fee.
Germany maintained 'racing on a
more or less pretentious scale during
the- war. and there wus no let up In
Insurance Red Tape
of the cities In which they may be lo
cated. The hill also provides for tho
establishment of such subofllces as
may be deemed necessnry.
The bill nlso provides that the bu
reau of war risk insurance shall tem
porarily relieve from the payment of
premiums on renewable term Insur
ance the following persons: (a)
Those who are receiving hospital
enre under tho bureau; (h) those who
are receiving vocational training pur
suant to the vocational rehabilitation
act; (c) those who aro temporarily
totally disabled by reason of an In
Jury or disease entitling them to compensation.