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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1919)
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Supreme Court May Have Last Word on the Treaty
WASHINGTON. In the heat of the controversy between the president and
6ennte over the League of Nations policy, the general public seems to
have overlooked the fact that there may be a third party to the controversy
'by whom the tlnal and conclusive de
cision may he rendered. This third
party Is Hie Supremo court of the
If the senate falls to ratify, the
trenty becomes void by that action,
.and no appeal to the Supreme court
would be necessary.
If the League of Nations covenant
shall be ratified by the senate It will
'be Incumbent on congress Immediate
ly to make an appropriation to cover
the United States' portion of the ex
penditure deemed necessary to establish and provide for the maintenance of
the lcHguo's secretariat, to bo set up In Geneva.
As soon as Congress seeks to do this, the taxpayers' action will bo com
menced on the ground that the United States, by its Constitution, Is Inhibited
from participation In such a convention, certain obligations assumed by the
United States under the covenant being in direct contravention of provisions
0t the Constitution.
If the court should decide thnt the objections raised were sound, and that
1ho covenant of M League of Nations nctunlly would, In effect.amend the
Constitution, the trenty could not be carried out until the Constitution had
been amended in the way the Constitution Itself provides It shall be amended,
namely, by the submission of an enactment of a federal amendment.
Several, persons are ready to bring this test action, among them being
Hnnpls Taylor, minister to Spain under MeKlnlcy.
Tlic right and duty of the Supreme court is deiincd in section 2 of article
S of tho Constitution.
When Old Dame Nature Gets Ready to Scatter Seed
IT WAS noticed one morning at Madison, Wis., that the show which lay on
tho ground had acquired a bright yellowish tint. At tho same time the
people of Florence, In the same state, were surprised to And that the snow
"looked dusty" and had acquired a
snow s this
" 1 region tho grenter part of which laj
under snow and had been under snow
-for many days. It was evident, therefore, that the dust must have traveled
hundreds, If not thousands, of miles.
The study made by government scientists shows that this assumption
was correct Samples of the dust have been analyzed, with the result that It
-was shown to bo composed of minerals found, not in the North where tho
dust fell, but in the Southwest. The scientists assert positively that this dust
came all the way from Arizona, New Mexico and Kansas, being borne by those
large movements of the air which cause our variations of weather.
It Is interesting to note that a little beforo these strange dustfalls occurred
In the North and Northwest there were heavy sandstorms In the Southwest
At Albuquerque, N. M., there was u storm such as none of the old-timers
could remember to have seen before. The air was filled with clouds of dust
nnd sand so dense that street cars, and taxlcabs could not run.
Scientists say that this migratory dust is worthy of careful study, as It
carries germs, spores of plants and importuut elements of soil.
Washington to Drive 15,000 People Out of Alleys
WASHINGTON, noted the world over for its cleanliness and order, has
more than 15,000 Inhabitants living In filthy alleys. Nine-tenths of these
peoplo nro colored. These unfortunate alley dwellers must vacate their pres
ent homes n year after the signing of
peace wltn Germany, wlicn an act of
congress abolishing the nllcvs us
places of residence becomes effective.
Washington now faces the big
problem of how to provide housing
accommodations for these people In
an already overcrowded city. Congress
will be asked to help solve tho prob
lem by appropriating .fG.OOO.OOO to
erect .'1,000 sanitary homes.
About ten years ngo- the Alley Im
provement association began a tight
for the elimination of inhnblted alleys' In the District of Columbia. Other
ch ic bodies Joined the movement. A- a result of their combined efforts n bill
was passed by unanimous vote of both houses of congress wiping out the
The date set for the evacuntlon of the alleys originally was July 1, 1018,
but because of the great congestion In this city due to war conditions, con
gress found it necessary to extend tho date.
The association Is of the opinion that the building of 3,000 small houses,
In view of the high cost of building, the clnss of tenants concerned nnd tho
limited time before tho law becomes operative, cannot be left to private enter
prise. The government must help, Just as In other countries such as England,
Belgium and Scotlnnd, the governments have done under similar clrcum
Htances. The alley law is not conllscatory, as the alley buildings enn be used
after the luw becomes effective for garages, stables, shops, storage ware
houses and coal sheds.
Tho elimination of Inhabited alleys will not only improve the health and
morals of the capital, but It will add greatly to its beauty.
Go to Russia, Young Plan, to- Make a Fortune
IP YOU want to shnro In the grentcst commercial and Industrial develop
ment 06 the Immediate future, study the Uusslnn lnngunge, and also Russian
geography, resources nnd trade methods. This is the advice of the bureau of
educutlpu to young Americans. Rus
neither trained men, money nor tools.
Russia is the world's greatest opportunity, and the fact Is apparent to
most of tho world. Americans seem least aware of the U sslan opportunity,
hut tho bureau of education nnd tlio federal board for vocational education
have been doing what they can to overcome this Indifference. Surveys hnvo
been mnde In 250 American cities with n view to establishing evening and day
classes in tho Russinn language. Special textbooks have been prepared, In
which Russian banking, trade and shipping terms take the place of the "hat
of the gardener" and the "green umbrella of my mint's grandfather."
Here Is u "new country," despite the fact that It Is a very old one a coun
try whore uro nnplowed soil, virgin forestH und mineral resources that havo
never been tapped.
For nion of every trndc and profession, and especially for young men
whom udventure compensates for hardship, Russlu Is the opportunity of tho
"iimiriS tww """""
reddish brown color. Similar effects
were noticed elsewhere as far east
as Vermont and New Ilumpshlre.
This strange phenomenon was ex
amined by several scientists. Thnj
found that a very fine dust had fallen,'
apparently all over the eastern United
The strangest thing about this fall
of dust was that It occurred in a
sia Is in chaos now, but It can't nfford
to stay In chaos much longer. And i
whother It emerges a socialist slate, a
social democracy or n republic, Its
180,000,000 people must be supplied
with the necessities of life; it must bo
equipped with railroads and factories;
Its forests and mrhes must bo utilized.
And nil or most of this must be dono
by traders and engineers nnd capital
ists from the West, for' Russia has
Strong Clothesline and Clean,
Sharp Meat Saw Are Among
MEANS TO CONTROL ANIMAL
Necessary That Rope Be Held by As
sistant So That It May Be Slack
ened In Case of Emergency
Where Horns Should Be Cut.
(Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The dehorning jf cattle can he very
satisfactorily performed without other
npparntus or Instruments than u good
strong clothesline and a clean sharp
meat saw, or a miter saw with a rigid
back. The same simple means for
controlling the nnlmnl Is just as appli
cable when dehorning clippers are to
be used as when the horns are to be
removed with the saw. The hend of
the animal Is secured to the horizon
tal rail or stringer which holds the
upper ends- of the stanchion boards.
The animal is put in the stanchion In
tho usual manner; then one end of a
henvy clothesline Is passed around tho
upper part of the nock and tied In a
knot that will not slip, otherwise It
will choke the animal. The free end
of tho rope Is now carried between tho
horns,, thrbugh tho stanchion to tho
front, up nnd over the horizontal
Head of Steer Showing Result of
stanchion rail, then down underneath
the neck nnd up and over the top of
tho stanchion rail to an assistant, who
should hold It firmly. Now open the
stanchion, allowing the anlmnl to
withdraw It3 head; then, keeping tho
rope tight, pnss It once around the
muzzle, up nnd over tho stanchion
rail, and through to the front again
to the hands of the assistant, who
should stand 3 or 4 feet In front of
the animal and hold the rope firmly,
but prepared to release It when told
to do so by tho operator. The animal
Is now ready for the dehorning opera
tion. Rope Held by Assistant.
It Is necessary that the rope bo held
J by an assistant, ns In the event of tho
unimni struggling during tne opera
tion so ns to throw Itself off Its feet,
or If there appears to be danger of Its
choking, the rope may be slackened
promptly at the word of the operator
and the nnlmnl partly released. This,
however, is rarely necessary, for as
soon ns tho head Is secured tho oper
ator should be ready, standing at the
right shoulder of the animal with his
saw, and proceed to saw off first the
right and then the left horn. It is a
good plan before commencing the real
work to experiment upon an anlmnl
In tho matter of control by tying tho
'head to the stanchion rail as described.
If the stanchion rail Is too wide to
permit of properly securing the lower
part ns well as tho upper part of the
onlmnrs heiiil, the turn of the rope
around tho muzzle may be omitted and
tho last lap of tho ropo carried around
the stanchion rail to the front nnd to
the hands of the assistant. Cure
should be taken that the rope pnss
each time over the neck of the animal
to the stanchion rail between tho
hornu In such a way that it will not
Interfere with the work of tho saw.
Where to Cut the Horns.
The horns should be severed from
qunrter to a half Inch below whero
the skin joins the bnse of tho horn,
cutting from the back toward tho
If the cut is mude too high an Irreg
ular, gnarly growth of horn Is very
apt to follow. It will be seen that Hie
point of union of the skin nnd horn
vurles In different cattle; henco thoro
cun bo no rule of measurement, ex
cept ns the eye becomes trained to seo
tho point or lino nt which tho cut
should bo made. In tho beef breeds
fully one-half Inch of skin, all around,
la usually taken off with tho horn.
! I "lWiWf , I
FROM STABLE FLIES
Source of Keen Annoyance to
Animals in Hot Weather.
Most Logical Method of Abating Nui
sance Is to Eliminate All Breeding
Places Coal Tar Sprays
'Prepared by tho United Strttot) Depart
ment of Agriculture)
Stable tiles are a source of keen an
noyuneo to work nnlmnls during tho
hent of summer. Hvery owner who has
the welfare of the dumb boasts at
heart should strive to alleviate as far
as possible tho discomforts to which,
the horses are exposed.
The most loglcnl method of abating
the ily nuisance Is to ellmlnnte all
breeding places, such us manure piles.
Manure should be kept In fly-tight pits
or bins until such time ns It can bo
hauled to the fields. Pits should bo
conveniently locnted so tho mnnuro
cun be easily thrown In nt the time
of cleaning nnd so constructed thnt it
can be readily removed. It Is essen
tial that flics be prevented from reach
ing the mnnuro, but, as some of them
will, even though great care Is exor
cised. It Is advisable to place a fly
trap on the pit.
The conl-tar sprays used In combat
ing the fly evil In the dairy stable aro
nlso efficient In driving the winged
pests away from the horses. Among
the best of these Is a solution of 100
pnrts of fish oil, COO parts of oil of tar,
and 1 part of crude carbolic acid. It
may be prepared nt homo at a cost of
about 35 cents a gallon. This spray,
as well as kerosene emulsion nnd oth
er fly repellants containing coal-tar
products, fish oil, resin, nul oil of tar,
are best applied with an Inexpensive
spray pump. It Is preferable to glvo
the horses a hasty spraying early each
morning before they go to work. This
brings best results from the uso of the
For general comfort of the work
animals when they come from tho Held
nt night It is recommended that after
tho harness hns been removed each
anlmnl be given a sponge bath with a
solution of cool salt water. In enso
there are any work gnlls or shoulder
sores, these Injuries should bo treated
with white lotion, which Is one of tho
most healing nnd soothing preparations
of Its kind for use In wnrm weather.
STORAGE LOSS OF POTATOES
Farmers and Dealers Are Preventing
Enormous Waste by Building
More Improved Houses.
(Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Importance of modern sweet potato
storage houses, such as hnve been de
signed by the United States depart
ment of agriculture, In which potatoes
can bo kept with practically no loss, Is
shown by tho enormous waste result
ing from Improper storage. South
Interior of Satisfactory Potato Storage
House With Earthen Side Walls.
Caiollnn In 1917, because of disease In
the field and In storage, lost CO per
cent of Its crop thnt portion being
valued nt .$4,088,110.
This state produces about 12.5 per
- lit of the sweet potatoes raised In
the United States, nnd tho crop ranks
fourth In the state In vnluc, being sur
passed only by cotton, corn, and tobac
co. Storage losses through the South
are being greatly reduced, as the farm
ers and denlcrs are continually build
ing both community nnd Individual
storage houses of the Improved type.
LOSS OF VALUABLE MANURE
One-Half of Plant Food Value Lost
When Left In Open Yard Dur
ing Summer Months.
Manure left In tho open yard through
the summer months may lose one-half
Its plant-food value duo to fermenta
tion nnd leaching. Rotted munuro
which has been snved carefully will
be richer In plnnt-food elements, ton
for ton, thnn fresh mnnure. It re
quires one and one-half to three tons
of fresh munuro to mnko a ton of rot
ted manure, which Is reduced greatly
and the total quantity of plant-food
elements nlso Is decreased by fer
mentation and exposure. Except In
speclnl cases nnd for certain crops or
gardening conditions, thero Is no nd
vuntnge In rotting tho manure; bet
ter npply it fresh from tho stnblo bo
foro any loss occurs.
POOR COWS CAUSE OF LOSS
Wisconsin County Farmers Co-oper.
atlng In Better-Bull Campaign
(Prepared by tho United State Depart
ment of Agriculture)
"Don't pay two taxes" Is tho timely
slogan of the Door county (Wis.) live
Fow farmers realize thnt they are
paying In addition to their regular tax
n "poor-cow tax." This "poor-cow tax."
Is about the heaviest, robs the pocket
book, and profits no one.
"You have Just paid your annual
property tnx. This Is necessary Ut pro
vide for our schools, roads, and other
government expenses from which you
benefit; but why pay two taxes?" Is the
appeal which, In the shape of a llttlo
card, Is being placed In the hands of
Door county owners of scrub sires. And
the "prospect" who wants to be shown
Is pointed to results which were
worked out In a farm management sur
vey, where It was found that on 11M
farms with pure-bred sires the average
net profits were 51,102; tin 400 farms
with grade sires tho profits averaged
By Breeding to Superior Sires Mill
Production Can Be Greatly Increase!
In Single Generation and G rente
$734, and on 83 farms with scrub slro
thero was an annual loss averagln
Tho scrub sires on these forms wcr
responsible for nt least part of th
good or bad showing. A poor bull I
an extravagance which Door count
farmers cannot nfford. "Watch us gro
a reputation" Is the enthusiastic pan
Ing challenge of the committee whlcl
Is boosting better bulls in this pcnln
sular county. .
Practically every fanners' organiza
tion of the county Grange, tho Soci
ety of Equity, the Association of
Guernsey Men, the Holsteln Cnttlo
club Is co-operating In tho hotter-bull
What In renllty amounts to a farm
bureau a committee made up of a
representative from each township and
with tho county agent as managing di
rector Is directly responsible for the
county's drive to replnce the grade and
scrub bulls with good pure breds.
"To keep Its lend In dairying nnd
live stock raising Wisconsin must (lis
card Its scrub sires," said the executive
committee of county ngents nnd repro
sentntlves of all of the state's cattle
"Count on Door county to help," said
this live live-stock committee. "Al
though somewhat off to one sldo, the
Door peninsula la still on mir mnp, and
wo are going to stay thero. In one o(
our townships, which happens to be an
Island six miles out In Lake Michi
gan, each man contracted more than 11
year ngo to use only purebred bulls
and every ono agreed to stay by but
one breed." , '
And by menns if this snmo kind ot
teamwork the other townships of tho
county are promising to follow suit.
"Tho entlro county Is going to wage
war on the scrub only upon a much
more extensive scale." Tho county
agent spoko as If lie represented men
who meant business.
"The committee Is mit to glvo their
county a reputation for tho production
of as high-class cattle as It already has
for Montmorency nnd Early Richmond
BREED DAIRY HEIFER EARLY
Purpose Should Be to Get System of
Anlmalrlnto Milk Producing Habit
(By It. W. CLARK, Colorado Agrlcul
tural College, Fort Collins, Colo.)
In order thnt heifers may be bred
young and begin milking at an early
date, they should 0ho well developed.
This is Important. Cows that acquire
considerable ago and become mature
before beginning to milk will not
usually make as deep and persistent
milkers ns cows that are bred at a
comparatively early age nnd begin to
milk beforo they nro mature. Tho
aim Is to get tho system of the ani
mal Into tho habit of producing milk
nt as early an ngo as possible. There
fore the holfer should be well fed and
cared for from birth.
If tho heifer Is well developed sho
should bo bred nt 15 to 18 months of
age, otherwise sho should not be bred
until 18 to 20 months of age.
"BAYER CROSS" ON
"Bayer Tablets of Aspirin" to bt
genuine must be marked with tin
safety "Dnyer Cross." Always buy nn
unbroken linycr packngc which con
tains proper directions to safely rc
llevo Headache, Toothache, Earacho.
Neuralgia, Colds nnd pnln. Ilnndy tin
boxes of 12 tablets cost but n few
cents at drug stores larger packages
also. Aspirin Is tho trade mnrk of
Bayer Manufacture of Mononcotle
ncldestcr of Sallcyltcacld. Adv.
Way of the Schoolboy.
Teacher Now, Willie, suppose you
were to hand a playmate your apple
to take a portion of It, wouldn't yoa
tell him to tuko the larger plcco?
"You wouldn't I Why?"
" 'Cos It wouldn't be necessary."
Tho excruciating agonies of rhoumo
tlsm aro usually tho result of failure oC
the kidneys to expel poisons from tho
system. If tho irritation of theso uric
odd crystals is allowed to continue, In
curnblo bladder or kidney disease may
result. Attend to It at once. Don't
resort to temporary relief. Tho sick
kidneys must bo restored to health by
tho uso of soma sterling remedy which
will prevent a return of tho disease.
Oct somo GOLD MEDAL Haarlem
Oil Capsules Immediately. They have
brought back tho joys of lifo to count
less thouRnnds of sufferers from rheu
matism, lamo back, lumbago, sciatica,
gall stones, gravel nnd other affection?
of tho Mdnoys, liver, stomach, bladder
and allied organs.
They will attack tho poisona nt once,
clear out tho kidneys nnd urinary tract
nnd tho soothing healing oils and herbs
will jreatoro tho inllmncd tissues and
organs to normal health.
All. others nro imitations. Ask for
GOLD MEDAL and bo suro the narao
GOLD MEDAL is on tho box. Thrco
elzcs, at all good druggists. Adv.
lie I am going tonight to seo a
She What good will that'do you?
Important to Mothers
Exnmlno carefully every bottle ol
OASTORIA, that famous old remedy
for Infants and children, and seo that It
------ -J-JM , . sr..
signature or L&JWS
In Uso for Over 80 Ycnrs.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
First Tramp What kind of dog do
you like best?
Second Tramp Toothless.
Famous French Discovery '
replacos ncrVc wastage,
increases strength encrcy.
endurance, and Vigor,
builds firm healthy flesh.
, Best thing Known For
Millions of peopla mho worry, ara dsspon
dent, have spells of mental depression, feel
blue and are often melancholy, believe that
theso conditions are due to outside Influences
over which they have little or no control.
Nearly always, however, they can be traced
to an Internal source acid-stomach. Nor Is
It to be wondered at. Acid-stomach, begin
nlnr with such well defined symptoms as In
dleestlon, belching, heartburn, bloat, etc,
will. If not checked. In time affect to soma
decree or other all the vital organs. The
nervous system becomes deranged. Digestion
suffers. The blood Is Impoverished. Health
and strength ara undermined. Tho victim ot
acid-stomach, although he may not know
the cause of his ailments, feels his hope,
courage, ambition and energy slipping. And
truly life Is dark not worth much to the
man or woman who has acld.stomachl
Oet rid of It I Don't let acid-stomach hold
you back, wreck your health, make your
days miserable, make you a victim ot the
"blues" and gloomy thoughts! There la a
marvelous modern remedy called EIATONIC
that brings, oh I such qulok relief from your
stomach miseries sets your stomach to rights
makes It strong, cool, sweet and comfort
able. Helps you get back your strength, vigor,
vitality, enthusiasm and ;ood cheer. So
many thousands upon thousands of sufferers
have used I3ATONIC with auch marvelously
helpful results that we ara aura yon will
feel the same way It you will Just give It a
trial. Oet a big 60 cent box of BATONIC
tha good tasting tablets that you eat Ilka a
bit of candy from your druggist today, lie
will return your money If reaults ara not
ven more than you expect.
( FOR YOUR ACID-STOMACri)
Use Cuiicura Soap
To Clear Your Skin
All drnffgtfti; SotpSS, Ointment a A EO. T!cain2fi.
4,000 ACHES, schools, railroad, telephone,
fenoed, abunjance water; 1,400 a. meadow,
open to forest reserve; A-l for stock, dairy,
sbeep ranch; In the temperate Hitter Hoot
Valley, deo. F. Urooks, own., MUsoula, Mont,
COM15 TO COLOHADO AND HUV A HOME
ON I.ONO TIME. EASY TKHMfl. t I'UIt
CENT. KHANK HICH, HABWBLL, COLO.
l'or Hale or Kiehance 1,070 a. black river
bottom soil; best unkmp.; sell or trade for
uUhly Imp, V. K. Ash by, Charleston, Mo.
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