The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, July 04, 1919, Image 6

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Foe First to Affix Signature to His
toric Document Chinese Envoys
Refuse to Sign Function Conducted
By French Premier.
Versailles, Juno JtO. TIio. greatest
war In nil history formally ended Sat
urday afternoon with the signing of
tho poiico treaty. Tho historic scene
took place In the Ilnll of Mirrors at
Versulllas, whoro tho Germans hum
bled tho French so Ignomlnlously
In 1870.
After preparing for forty yours for
wur and world domination, tho treaty
which forever shuttered their dream
was Hlgnod In as many minutes. The
deiluiil attitude of the Germans was
noted nhove nil Incidents.
Tho eeremony was marked by cir
cumstances which Hotnewhat dimmed
the expectations of those who had
worked and fought during long years
of war and months of negotiations for
Its achievement.
Tho absence of the Chinese dele
gates, who at tho last moment were
unable to reconcile themselves to the
Shantung settlement, and left the
eastern empire outside tho formal
purviews of peace, struck the first dis
cordant noto In tho assembly. A writ
ten protest which General .Tan Chris
tian Smuts lodged with his slgnnturo
was another disappointment to the
makers of tho treaty.
The Gorman delegates, Foreign
Minister Mueller nnd Minister Bell,
were ushered Into tho Ilnll of Mirrors
nt 8 :08 o'clock. ' s
French Premier Clemenceau Imme
diately opened tho meeting by assur
ing tho Germnns tho treaty text was
Identical with tho ono presented to
them. Tho French premier In a sol
emn tono mild:
"Tho session Is open. Tho nllled
and associated powers on one side nnd
the German rolch on tho other side
Imvo como to an agreement on the
conditions of peace. Tho text hns
been completed, drafted, and the
president of the conference has stated
In writing that tho text that Is about
to bo signed now Is Identical with the
200 copies that have been delivered to
tho 'German delegation.
"Tho signatures will bo given now,
and they amount to a solemn under
taking, faithfully and loyally to exe
cute tho conditions embodied by this
treaty of peace. I now Invito tho defe
cates of the German relch to sign the
Mueller was tho first to sign, placing
his signature on tho document nt 3 :12,
Hall followed him. President Wilson,
tho first of tho nlllod delegates to sign,
wrote his nnmo on tho treaty at 3:14.
British Premier Lloyd-George signed
two minutes later.
General Smuts, representing South
Africa, signed under protest, Issuing
a statement setting forth his objec
tions to tho treaty.
Tho signing was by delegations, In
tho following order:
Germnns, Americans, British (I-
ncludlng colonlnls), French, Italians,
Japnnoso, and smaller nations.
Clemencenu declared tho proceedings
closed nt 8:50, tho entire ceremony oc
cupylng forty-ono minutes.
"Tho conditions of ponco aro now an
accomplished fact; tho proceedings
are closed," Clemencenu snld..
Tho allied delegates remained .seated
as tho Germans departed at 3 ;52,
Tho ceremony had been planned do
llborately to bo austero, befitting the
sorrows nnd sufferings of almost flvo
years and tho lack of ImpresslvenoHs
and picturesque color, of which many
spectators, who had expected a mag
nlflcent statu pageant, complained wns
n mutter of design, not merely omls
Tho actual ceremony was far shorter
than had been expected, In view of
tho number of signatures which woro
to bo appended to tho treaty and tho
two accompanying conventions.
The only uniforms seen in tho long
hall to match tho rich coloring of tho
celling, the paintings nnd magnificent
marbles, which Louis IX built Into his
chateauf were those of n group of
ullled generals, almost ml wearing the
flaming scarlet sash of tho Legion of
Honor und tho ceremonial scarlet nnd
white- garb of tho famous French re
public gunrd, who wcru stationed
about tho hall,
General Pershing and Marshal Foch
were among the general present,
Among tho American guests woro Mrs,
Wilson, Mrs. Lansing, Mrs, House,
Mrs. Wnlhtce, Mrs. Scott and suvornl
other wives of tho delegates nnd of
Prepare to Receive President..
New York, June 30, Mayor Hylan's
committee on reception to dlstln-
gtiisnou gliosis are arranging to ac
cord President Wilson a stirring "In
formal" welcome upon his nrrlvul here,
probably next Sunday, on tho steam
ship Georgo Washington.
tjio committee, nugmentod py men
om national prominence, will go out on
a special steamer to moot tho presi
dential ship off Sandy Hook and es
cort It Into port, where there will bo a
welcoming demonstration.
Wilson Calls On People of U. S. to
Sanction Treaty.
Washington, Juno 30. President
Wilson In nn nddroso to tho American
people on tho occnslon of tho signing
of tho pence treaty mnde a plea for
tho acceptance of tho trcnty and tho
covenant of tho league of nntlons with
out change or reservation. His mes
sage, given out hero by Secretary
Tumulty, said:
"My fellow Countrymen: Tho
treaty of poaco hns been signed. If
It Is rutlflojrt and acted upon In full
nnd slncoro execution of Its terms, It
will furnish tho charter for a now
order of affairs In tho world. It Is a
severo trcnty in tho duties anil pen
alties It Imposes upon Germany, but
It Is severe only because great wrongs
dono by Germany are to bo righted
nnd repaired ; It Imposes notning
that Germany cannot do; nnd Mio
can regain her rightful standing In
tho world by tho prompt and honor
able fulfillment of Its tonus.
'And It Is much more than a treaty
of peace with Germany. It liberates
great peoples who have never before
been ablo to find the wny to liberty.
It ends, once for all, nn old nnd In
tolerable order which small groups of
selfish men could use the peoples of
great empires to servo their ambition
for powor and domination, it asso
ciates tho freo governments of tho
world In a permnnent league In
which they aro pledged to use their
united power to maintain peaco by
maintaining right nnd Justice.
"It makes International law a reality
supported by lmcpratlvc sanctions.
It does nway with the right of con
quest and rejects tho policy of an
nexation and substitutes a new order
under which bnckward nntlons
populations which hnvo not yet como
to a political consclusness and peo
pled who aro ready for Independence,
hut not yet quite- prepared to dls
penso with protection nnd guidance!
shall no more bo subjected to the
domination nnd exploitation of a
stronger nation, but shall be put
under tho friendly direction nnd af
forded tho helpful assistance of gov
ernments which undertake to be re
sponsible to tho opinion of mankind
In tho execution of their task by ac
cepting tho direction of the league of
"It recognizes tho Inalienable rights
of nationality: tho rights of minori
ties nnd tho sanctity of religious be
lief nnd practice. It lays tho basis
for conventions which shnll freo the
cotnmerclol intercourse of the world
from unjust nnd vexatious restric
tions and for every sort of Interna
tional co-operation that will serve to
cleanso tho life of tho world nnd
facllitato its common action in bene
ficent servlco of every kind. It fur
nished guarantees such as woro
never given or oven contemplated for
tno rair treatment of all who labor
at the dally tasks of tho world.
"It Is for this reason that I hnvo
spoken of It as a great charter for a
h now order of affairs. There Is ground
here for deep satisfaction, unlveral
roassuranco and confident hope."
Signed In Good Faith.
Pnris, Franco; Foreign Minister
Mueller and Colonial Minister Hell,
Gerninn signatories of tho peaco
treaty, made the following statement
at Versailles: "We aro signing without
mental reservation. What we aro
signing will bo carried out. The Ger
man pcoplo will use every moans to
meet tho terms. Wo believe the en
tente will, in its own Interests, find It
necessary to chnnge somo of tho
terms, or they will see tho treaty Is Im
possible of oxecutton. We bollevo the
entente will not Insist on delivery of
tho knlscr and other high officers. Tho
government will not tjssls't In
nek on Poland. Germnny will
ivory effort to prove herself
any attack
muKo every enort to pr
worthy to enter tho league of nations."
Rofuses to Suspend Dry Act.
AVnshlngton, Juno 30. President
Wilson has decided ho cannot legally
lift tho wartime prohibition ban effec
tive July 1, but ho expects to do as
soon thereafter as his power bus been
made clear by tho completion of de
In a cablegram made public nt tho
Whlto Houso tho president said ho
was convinced, after consultation with
his legal advisers, that ho had no
authority to act at this time.
"When demobilization Is termi
nated," ho continued, "my power to
act without congressional action will
bo exercised."
Tho messngo expressed no opinion
ns to the authority of the president
when ho raiser tho ban, to mnko his
action applicable only to boor and
Wilson Sails for America.
Brest, Juno 80. President Wilson
and party sailed from this port Sun
day aboard tho U. S. S. George
Washington for tho United States,
Tho president Is expected to reach
Now York July 7, from which plnco
ho will go Immediately to Washing
ton und mnko his uppeurauco before
congresi, now In session.
Ratify Before Blockade Lifted.
Purls, Juno 30. Tho olllclnl notifi
cation to Germany Uint the blockade
will not bo raised until tho treaty
Is ratified by Germany was ,ln the
fornr of a resolution ndopted by tho
council of foui and itesented to tho
German dolopation boforo its depar
ture for Berlin.
Sign Pact to Protect France.
Versailles, Juno 80. Tho ngroomont
under which Great Britain and tho
United States will como to the aid of
Franco In event of an unprovoked at
tack by Germuny was signed Ruturdny,
Nebraska May Ratify,
mucoid, roi July i. it is ru
mored nt the state capltol hero that
Governor McKclvio will call tho leg
islating In special session July 21 to
act nn tho sutTruge amendment.
Senate Committee Provides $2,
000,000 for Use of De
partment of Justice.
Sundry Civil Bill Also Provides for
Continuing Permanently the
War-Time Regulations of
Washington, Juno 30. The senate
began consideration of tho sundry civil
'(imirnnrlntlnn lilll which, as rcnortod
tout of committee, carries provisions for
a vigorous campaign by tlio dcpnrt-
,mcnt of Justice against nnnrchlsts.
In addition to $300,000 as a spet
clal fund to bo devoted to tho round
ing up nnd deportntion of dangerous
aliens, tho committee recommended an
Increase of from $1,400,000 to $2,000,
000 in tho amount to bo used by the
department of Justico in general sup
pression of crime.
Tho bill also provides for continuing
permanently war-tlma regulntlons ns
to purchase, storage, manufacture, Sale
and distribution of explosives, under
tho direction of the bureau of mines.
The naval appropriation bill was
pnssed in the sennto virtually as re
ported by tho committee, and now goes
to conference. Its totnl of about $044,
000,000 is $44,000,000 moro than tile
houso bill' provides, and a stiff fight
in conference is anticipated.
The proposed appropriation of $35,
000,000 for aviation is $20,000,000 more
than the sum proposed in the house
Provision Is nlso made for an enlist
ment strength of 101,000 men from
September 30 to tho end of the yenr,
ns opposed to tho houso plan for a
force of 170,000 after January 1, en
tailing nn increase of pay of $12,000,
Positions Have Been Obtained for
70 Per Cent of Returned Yanks
Says Colonel Woods.
Now York, Juno 80. Seventy per
cent of tho soldiers "discharged since
tho nrmlstlco hnvo positions riwaltlng
them, Col. Arthur Woods, assistant to
tho secretary of war, who is In charge
of obtaining employment for dis
charged servlco men, announced.
"Enlisted men aro being dlschurged
nt tho rato of from 00,000 to 70,000 a
week," Colonel Wood said, "und only
n compnrntlvely small percentage are
unable either to return to their old
positions or to obtain" new positions
through the various agencies. Tho
principal centers of unemployment nt
the present tlmo nre Now York, (Jiu
cago, Pittsburgh, St. Louis and Bos
ton. Colonel Wood ngnln emphnslzed
tho fnct that ono of tho difficulties Is
tho unusual demand among discharged
servlco men for clerical labor and the
reluctance of tho nvorago man to per
form farm labor.
Operated Twenty-Seven Stores In Chi
cago and Elsewhere $500,000
Now York, Juno 80. Seven broth
ers, Aurunam, unnries, unvis, isnus,
George, John nnd Joseph Solomon,
were sentenced by United States
Judge Knox to servo two years each
in the Atlanta penltcntlnry after
pleading guilty to conspiring to swin
dle merchants out of goods valued at
moro than $500,000.
Tho seven operated a wholesale
business In wearing apparel, conduct
ing 27 stores In Chicago, Boston, Phil
adelphia, Baltlmoro, Trenton, Nownrk,
Now York and other places.
Slayer of Chicago Chauffeur Pays
Penalty for His Crime on
the Gallows.
Chicago, June 80. Enrl Dear, the
Immunor Enrl Dour, tho robber, tho
automobile bnndlt, tho murderer of
Rudolph Wolfe, chnuffeur for Dr.
Philip Doane, was bunged here. It
was tho sixty-sixth official hanging In
Recruits for Service In A. E. F. Will
Not Be Accepted After Midnight
Week-From Saturday.
Washington, Juno 30. Enlistments
ior servlco In tho A. E. F. will not
bo nccepted after midnight July 5, the
way department nnnounced.
Robbers Get $40,000.
St. Louis, Juno 80. Robbers held up
olficlals. of tho Middle-Fork mine, near
Benton. 111., und obtained $10,000, ac -
cording to advices received here. Two
of tho rbbbers were reported to hnvo
been killed by a posse which pursued.
Wllklns Found Guilty.
Mlncola, N. Y Juno 30. Dr. Walter
Keono Wllklns, charged with having
killed his wife, Julln, at their Long
Bench homo. February 27, was found
guilty of murder in tho first degree by
a Jury in the stato supremo court.
A new photograph of Mrs. Alice
Roosevelt Longworth, daughter of the
late President Itoosevelt nnd wife of
Representative Nicholas Longworth of
Ohio. Mrs. Longworth is now taking
an active interest in politics, being
associated with Mrs. Medlll McCor
mlck in tho Republican women's na
tional committee.
Prosecuting Attorney of Delaware
County Also Taken on U. S.
Muncle. Ind.-. Juno 27. Horace G.
Murphy, prosecuting attorney of Del
aware county, and Dr. Rollin H.
Bunch, mayor of Muncle, were arrest
ed In connection with operations by al
leged swindlers who made their head
quarters In Muncio.
Tho arrests were mnde by United
States Marshal Mark Storen on war
rants Issued on federal grand Jury In
dictments. Both men gave bonds for $10,000
each. Tho government's allegation is
that they provided protection from ar
rest to the alleged swindlers, victims
of whom nro said to reside in several
Mayor Bunch denied any connection
with tho men recently arrested and ac
cused by tho federal authorities of
having swindled nt least 34 wealthy
men by means of fako prizefights nnd
wrestling matches. He asserted ho
was the victim of splto work.
Prosequtor Murphy was elected in
1010 on a reform ticket und re-elected
In 1018.
It has been charged that the alleged
gang obtained more than $200,000 In
its work. Thirteen men previously
were arrested.
Violate Armistice Terms by Destroy.
Ing Emblems- Seized In the
Franco-Prussian War.
Paris, Juno 20. Word of the burn
ing of certain French battle flags by
the Germans has been received here.
Peaco conference opinion Is apparently
unanimous that this Is a distinct vlo
lutlon of the peaco treaty, inasmuch
as that document stipulated that tho
flags should be returned to Frnnco by
Germnny. It Is probable that a com
mission will be appointed to consider
taking action In the matter.
Presumably the foregoing refers to
French bnttle flags taken by the Ger
mans In the war of 1870-71. - Article
245 of tho peace treaty, In tho orlglnnl
draft, stipulated that within six
months after tho treaty should take
effect Germnny must restore to France
tho trophies, works of art, etc., carried
fiom Frnnce by tho Germans In tho
Franco-Prussian war, "particularly
tho French lings."
Allies In Note to Germany Demand
Reparation and Punishment of
Those Responsible for Act.
Pnrls, Juno 27, Germany has beqn
notified in a noto sent by the allies
that they possess the right to punish
the persons responsible for tho de
struction of the German ships nud to
collect reparation for tho loss. Tho
sinking of the fleet Is denounced as a
violation of tho armistice nnd a de
liberate breach In advance of the con
ditions of pence.
Nat's Liquor Brings $6,000.
New York, July 28. Approximately
$0,000 wns paid for the prtvuco liquor
stock of the lute Nat O. Goodwin, actor,
wheu it was put up at auction.
Veterans Urge $120 Bonus.
Aurora, 111.. Juno 28. Tho World
, War Veterans, In their first national
1 onenmmnont here, adopted resolutions
- condemning bolshevlsm and calling
upon congress to vote
$l!t0 bonus to all men.
nn additional
'Killed by Liquor Runners.
I Coffecvllle, Kan., Juno 23. P. S. Pe
ter, deputy sheriff of Lafnyetto coun-
! ty, Knusns, wns fatally shot by liquor
runners nenr Chetopa, Kan. The
liquor haulors were in an uutomoblle,
headed for Oklahoma.
City Completely in Hands of Spar
tacans Crown Prince Is
Still in Holland.
Plans to Go Home Before Allies Can
Demand His Surrender From
Holland Prussians Plot
Now War.
Tho Hague, Holland, Juno 28. I
Frederick William Holienzollern, the
former German crown prince, whoso
escape from Hollnnd to Germnny had
been reported, was still at his resi
dence on the Island of Wlerlngen lrt
tho Zuyder Zee Thursday, .It was an
nounced officially here.
Hamburg, Juno 28. Tho city Is com-
pletely in tho power of tho Commun
ists nnd Spartucans.
In tho rioting Thursday they storm
ed the city hall and overcame the gov
ernment troops, capturing quantities
of ammunition, rifles and machine
guns. They then swept oVer tho en
tire city, plundering, killing and de
Tho killed in tho rioting at Ham
burg number 185.
Paris, June 28. The American re
lief associations hero have received a
dispatch from Col. Ryan, sent from
Hamburg on Wednesday. It says:
"Thero was considerable street
fighting between government troops
and civilians.
"Machine guns were used on both
sides nnd a number of persons woro
killed and wounded.
"Tho American destroyers Bernard
nnd Upshur are here, and tho food
ship Ellut is also in Hamburg har
London, Juno 28. "After peace Is
signed I will return to Germany to live
on my estate in Sllesln and perform
my duties as a landowner," said the
former German crown prince In an In
terview last week at Welerlngen.
A Brussels dispatch to the Dally
Mirror so quotes him, and says ho
added :
"East Prussia nnd Silesia will never
consent to bo governed by Poland.
There will be another war In ten
Berlin, June 2S. Former Emperor
William Is planning to return to Ger
many before the allies can demand
his surrender from Holland, says a
Stuttgart dispatch to tho Neue Berliner
Courses In Vocational Training for Sol
diers and Sailors at Govern
ment Expense.
Washington, Juno 27. Soldiers nnd
sailors disabled by war would begiven
the opportunity to begin Immediately
courses In vocational training nt
government expense under terms,
of an amended senate bill appropriat
ing $0,000,000 for tho purpose, passed
unanimously In tho house. It Is esti
mated 7,000 men will take advantage
of the opportunity within tho coming
your. Tho measure would eliminate
any delay to the men because of fail
ure of tho war risk Insurance bureau
to commence making Indemnity pay
ments. Large increases In payments
to men while being educntcd were
made by the house In passing the bill,
which would fix $80 per month ns com
pensation for single men and $100 per
month for men with dependents, In ad
dition to government family allot
ments. RAISE NAVY BILL $297,000,000
Senators Add $20,000,000 to Aviation
Fund Without Debate Bill Car
rles $782,000,000.
Washington, June 28. Without de
bate tho senate npproved a committee
amendment to tho naval appropriation
bill, increasing the fund for aviation
from the $15,000,000 voted by the
houso to $35,000,000. Tho bill carries
about $782,000,000, ns compared with
$485,000,000 provided by tho house.
Shoe Exposition July 7 to 11.
Chicago, Juno 27. An exposition
unlquo In that It Is being promoted,
arranged, conducted and paid for en
tirely by traveling salesmen, without
aid from manufnetuers or Jobbers,
is scheduled for the Morrison hotel,
Chlcngo, July 7 to 11. It Is the Chi
cago National Shoo exposition, nnd will
exhibit all lines of shoes, shoe acces
sories and shoo store fittings made In
tho United States. The Chicago Shoe
Travelers' association Is responsible
for Jho exposition, nnd Its purpose Is
to bring together nil lines nt onco, for
the convenience of buyers.
Plot to Kill King.
Wnshlngton. June 30. Rumors of nn
nnnrchlst plot to assasslnnto King Al
fonso of Spain during tho procession
accompanying the reopening Of the
cortes Tuesday were -responsible for
tho sudden change of coremony.
Wilson Bids Yanks Good-By.
Pnrls. Juno SO. Tho president went
to American headquarters to meet tho
other members of tho American dele
gntlon nnd Gen. Pershing, the Amerl-
i can commander In chief, for n
j conference and to say farewell.
Fmnccsco Nlttl Is tho new premier
of Italy, succeeding Orlando. Ho was
formerly minister of tho treasury.
Measure Provides $3,500,000 Fund for
Enforcement of Prohibition
Punishment Is Severe.
Washington, June 27. Drastic leg
islation for tho strict enforcement ofi
both war-tlmo and constitutional pro
hibition was completed by the houso
Judlclary committee. With only slight
modifications the bill- Chairman Vol
stead will submit to the houso is tho
same us that proposed by tho ultra
An appropriation of $3,500,000 Is
provided to carry out tho act. Tho
main provisions of the bill urc:
Any beverage containing moro than
one-half of 1 per cent of alcohol la
"lntoxicntlng liquor."
When tho war-tlmo prohibition act
or constitutional prohibition goes, into
effect, It shnll be unlawful to "manu
facture, sell, barter, give away, trans
port, import, export, deliver, furnish
receive or possess any intoxicating li
quor except ns authorized by this act."
The only exceptions are for medicinal,
scientific or sacamcntal purposes, or
whero liquor is stored in prlvato
homes before prohibition goes into ef
fect, for private use.
Punishments for violations are as
follows: A fine of not less than $100 nor moro-.
than $500 for the first offense, and n
fine of not less than $200 nor more
than $1,000, with imprisonment from.
80 to 00 days, for the second offense.
A fine of not less than $500 and Im
prisonment from six months to two
years Is provided for tho subsequent
offenses. In addition, courts may re
quire bonds as security that violators
will not aguln break tho law for one
year. Enforcement of the prohibition law
is lodged with the commissioner of In
ternal revenue nnd tho department of
Patent and proprietary mcdiclno
manufacturers must prove to the com
missioner that their products cannot
bo used In place of intoxicating liquor.
Wilson Order Puts Trade Under Regu
lation Small Bakers and
Farmers Exempt.
New York, Juno 20. Julius Barnes.
United States wheat director, an
nounced that President Wilson hns
signed a proclnmntlon putting under
license of tho wheat director persons,,
firms, corporations and associations--dealing
In wheat, wheat flour or bak
ing products, manufactured cither
wholly or partly from wheat flour.
The only exceptions are retailers, far
mers and small bakers.
Resolution Adopted Requesting Presi
dent to Give Information as to
Policy in Russia.
Washington, Juno 28. By unani
mous vote tho sennte adopted tho res
olution of Senator Johnson, Republi
can, of California asking the president
for Information as to the administra
tion's policy In respect to Siberia and
as to the maintenance of United'
States troops there.
To Name First President,
nelslngfors, Finland, June 28. Tho
new constitution adopted by tho d'et
provides that the first president shall
bo elected by tho diet. His term of
ofllco will he six years.
Poles to March on Bandits.
Paris, Juno 80. The council of four
hns granted Poland permission to uso
Gen. Ilnllor's army or any of Its other
troops In restoring quiet to eastern Gn-
i llcla nnd driving outlaws from tho
Austrian Ex-Kalser Is III.
Geneva. June 80. It Is reported
from Pranglns, where former Emperor
Charles of Austria Is Staying, that his
health Is cnuslng anxiety. He has not
left the houso for a week. Ho is at
tended by a Swiss doctor.