The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, May 30, 1919, Image 3
THE SEMI.WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA. DADDY3 EVENING! MANY COMMUNITIES FIND NEW METHOD OF SELLING SURPLUS PRODUCTS OF BENEFIT MY TALE y 6y Mary Graham Bonner- 111 The Closing Scenes of the Great War Between the States -N THE bright noon of a brilliant spring day In Virginia General Grant, with his staff, rodo into the little village of Farm vlllc, a place that will be memorable as the one from which he opened correspondence with Lee regarding the surrender of the Confederate forces. There he met n Doctor Smith, formerly an army officer nnd relative of General Ewell, then a prisoner of the Federals. Doctor Smith told Grant that the Confederate generals had de cided the game was lost when they crossed the line of tlio Jauiest river. Soon after came word that Sheridan had captured the last remaining provi sion trains of Lee's troops. Lee made his dispositions for further fighting. Like n wounded Hon brought to bay, the gray troops struck this way and that at the ring of tormentors about them. At flvo o'clock the nfter noon of April 7 Grant sent his first note to Lee. It read: "General It. E. Lee, Commanding C. S. A.: The results of the last week must convince you of the hopelessness of further resistance on the part of the Army of Northern Virginia in this struggle. I feel that It Is so, and re gard It as my duty to shift from my; self the responsi bility of any fur ther effusion of blood by asking of you the surrender of thnt portion of the Confederate states army, known as the Army of Northern Virginia. "U. S. GRANT, Lieutenant Gen eral." General Leo re plied saying he would d 1 8 c u s a terms with Gen eral Grant Meanwhile the fighting went on. Sheridan throw his troops across Lee's front In n final surge of heroism the worn and hungry Confed erates fixed bayonets and drove Sheri dan's cavalry almost in a rout Even the Infantry was disorganized. For a few brief minutes hope surged back Into Confederate breasts. Perhaps after all they would break the blue cordon, escape to tho South, unite with ,tho army of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, and then in tho hills of western Vlr Iglnla' reorganize a forco that would bo I the bugbear of the Union again, But jit was only a dream. Memorial Day This Year Has New and Great Significance EMOniAL DAY, the day of America's soldier dead, has grown with the sweep ing growth of America's destiny In this great war. Twenty-five years ngo May 30 was the day of re membrance of tho Union soldier. The Grand Army met on the village street, and the Woman's Relief corps fell In behind It; n carriage bountifully laden with lilacs and mock or ange blossoms, sometimes with roses, brought tip tho rear, and the cortege moved to tho cemetery, where, with prayers and bared heads, tho voteran3 nnd tho people strewed tho flowers upon graves which were marked with little flags. Then came the day, 25 years ago, when the Spanish emplro was wiped off tho map. Not that we had anything against the Spanish empire; but on that day an irresistible and unforeseen destiny moved our nation, and tho world with It, on a glorious path, In volving far more than we know. Then we had new graves to decorate not so many, pcrhnps, but graves about which n glorious symbolism clustered. But see what a new stride It has now taken. Memorial day comes again, nnd we see tho marshal of Franco, and with him tho representatives not only of tho French republican government but of T-Iln w1 Unlit standing bv many (H now-made graves of American soldiers in a far foreign land, and reverent ly laying wreaths and palms upon them, with tears for our dead tears and emotions of joy ns well, for tho deed which theso American soldiers performed In dying was one which has sealed tho unity of the free peoples of tho world. Marshal Foch, Premier Clemenceau and tho other French leaders who participate in tho decoration of tho graves of our soldiers In France know well that they aro celebrating an ovent much vaster than tho mcro honor ing of tho heroic boys themselves who had gono to the aid of their cause. They know that they aro celebrnting tlio birth of thfjjold world revivified and liberated the coming of tho new world t r fair fields devas tated by wa mart -J HT IngersolPs Tribute To Those Who Died for Their Country E cover tho graves of th heroic dead with flowers The 'past rises before mo, as It were, like n dream. Again we are In tho great struggle for na tional life. We hear the sounds of preparation tho music of tho boister ous drums, tho sllve: voices of heroic bugles. Wo seo the pale cheeks of women and the flushed faces of men, and In those assemblages we seo nil tho dead whoso dust we have covered with flowers. Wo lose sight of them no more. Wo are with them when they enlist In tho great army of freedom. We see them part with those they love. Some are walk ing for tho Inst time in quiet woody pluces with tho maidens they adore Others are bending over cradles kiss ing babes that aro asleep. We see them all as they march proudly away, under tho flaunting flags, keeping time to tho grand, wild music of wnCr marching down the streets of the great cities, through the towns and across tho prairies, down tc tho fields of glory, to do and to die for tho eternnl right. We go with them one nnd nil. Wo stand guard with them In the wild storm and under the qnlet stnrs.( Wo aro with them In ravines running with blood, In the furrows of old fields. Wo aro with them be tween contending hosts, unablo to movo, wild with thirst, tho lifo obblngslowly away among tho withered leaves. Wo seo them pierced by balls and torn with s n e 1 1 s in tho & w w trenches, by forts and in tho whirl wind of the charge, whero men become Iron with nerves of steel. Wo nro at homo when tho news comes that they aro dead. We see tho maiden In tho shadow of her first sorrow. Wo see tho slivered head of tho old mun bowed with tho last grief. Theso heroes nro .dead. They sleep under tho solemn pines, tho sad hem locks, tho tearful willows and tho cm bracing vines. Earth may run red with other wars they aro at peace. In tho midst of battle, tn tho roar of tho con flict, they found tho Berenlty of death. I have one sentiment for tho soldier living and dead cheers for the living, tears for tho dead. THE ALLIGATORS. "Hello, AHco Alligator," said Annlo Alligator. "Hello, Annie," said Alice. "The zoo is nice today, isn't It?" asked Annie. "What mnkes you sny that?" asked Alice. "Well," said Annie, "I Just think so." "But you must havo somo reason for thinking so, haven't you?" asked Alice. "I suppose I have," said Annie. "Then you hnd better tell it to me, hadn't you?" asked Alice. "I supposo I had," said Annie. "Pray do," said Alice, "and don waste so much tlmo about It." They were swimming around the tank In the zoo. Their claws were out wide ns the claws of alligators are when they swim. Their tolls were also helping them to move along. "Well." snld Annie Alligator, "in tho flrst placo wo have had a lot of food today, and to an alligator food Is the most Important thing In life. "In fact," continued Annie, "we're worse than pigs when it comes to food." "When what comes to food?" asked Alice. "Dnn't be stupid," said Annie rude ly, "I mean when food Is around nlli gators behave ns badly as pigs. And In n way alligators are worso about It. "Pigs are interested in other things, digging, mud, nnd such things. They like to squcnl and grunt and they nro far more Interested In lifo nnd tho countryside nnd the pigpen." "How can wo bo interested In tho countryside nnd the pigpen when we're in the zoo?" asked Alice, "We enn't be interested in tho coun tryside nnd tho pigpen," snld Annlo, "but we're not naturally given to be ing Interested In anything but our food. You know perfectly well that when our children come we will leave them, nnd when we're hatching them out wo will not pay any attention to them If It is mealtime." "That's so," said Alice. "That Is true enough." They still swam around, their claws They Were Swimming. Around. out wldo nnd their tails helping them a great denl. "When we pay any attention to tho keeper," said Alice, "It Is because he gives us food. Otherwise wo sleep and lend our lazy lives around here. "Now oven the snakes nro more In terested In other things. I don't won der that the people who come tq this house In the zoo pay more attention as n rule to the snakes than to us. "Tho snakes think of new skins, or of new clothes or new suits or what ever you call them. They're chang ing their skins quite often. "They go blind, or almost blind when they're changing their skins, nnd that is Interesting nnd different. It Is always interesting to be n little dif ferent." "Well," said Alice, "we're different I don't see many creatures walking around like ourselves. In fact I don't see nny crentures like alligators ex cept of cpurso tho crocodiles., "We've got our own ways, our own habits, our own fondness for sleep and food, our own bnnky homes and our own wnys of swimming. "Alligators don't copy snakes, and they don't copy people. They're like themselves nnd they're satisfied. I don't seo why you talk so much any way, Annie." "You were talking quite a lot your self," said Annie. "That's so, but I stopped In time," said Alice. "Well, I'll stop In time, too," said Annie. "I've said all I had to say. That Is I think I have." "Be quite sure," said Alice, "for I will listen for a moment more to you. Aftor thnt I must go to bed that Is I must sleep on the bank." "I've snld everything I hnd to say," Annie answered, "except I'd llko to say ngaln what a nice day it has been with the good food the keeper has given to us." Pleasure as a Business. Thero nro a grcut many young peo ple who, If they wero honest, would acknowledge that, In their estimation, having a good time Is tho main busi ness of life. They may work, but that is because they must, and tho hours of recreation aro tho only ones they con sider really worth while. Such young folks never feel tho Joy of ambition, and their pulses never thrill with tlio prldo of achievement. In making pleasure the main business of life the-y lose their power to find enjoy ment In everyday work. Glrl'c Companion. jglllffiU Whero tho Producer It (Prepared by tho United Stntea Depart ment of Agriculture.) Community markets hnve helped to Bolvo tho problem of better utilizing locally grown food products In mnny parts of tho country, particularly In tho Now England states. In almost every community thero nro usually n number of farmers or small gardeners who produco above their own needs n smnll surplus of food products, nn amount often too Binnll In tho Individ ual enso to command much, If any, consideration from tho wholesale deal ers or even retail grocers. These email surpluses represent in tho ag gregate n very considerable addition to tho community's food supply and, Bays tho bureau of markets, depart ment of agriculture, If such supplies con bo economically plnced in tho homes they nro well worth utilizing, especially In this day of high living costs and need of conservation of both supplies nnd transportation. To conserve this source of food nnd to benefit both producers and consum ers a number of cities Inst year set aside portions of streets, public squares or vacant pieces of property on which tho fanners nnd gnrdenors could offer their products for sale. At theso community or public markets tho consumer deals directly with tho producer and gets fuesh fruit and veg etables often nt n lower price than could bo possible at retail stores. Community Market Successes. One such market in a Massachusetts town last year reports that SO farmers nnd 1,800 customers were In attend ance in n single day, and tho business done during tho four months through which tho market was conducted lotnled about $45,000. Another open market in tho ennio state reports that within two nnd one-half hours farm ers sold ten tons of produco for $1,(300, and this lot of foodstuffs was carried away by tho purchasers. Tho community market Idea docs not appeal to all producers. Tho com mercial truck gardener or tho farmer who grows nnd markets n considerable amount of produco usunlly prefers to sell In wholesale quantities. lie con elders that the difference between wholesnlo and. retail prices Is not suffi cient to offset tho value of nn equal amount of time devoted to his regular farm work. The small producer, how ever, whoso time Is not so fully oc cupied with his farming operations, RESULTS IN STRAINING MILK Operation Improves Quality of Prod uct, but Does Not Appreciably Improve Wholesomeness. (Prepared by tho United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Experiments conducted by tho Unit ed States department of agrlculturo furnish tho following facts regarding tho value nnd proper' uso of milk strainers : Sediment In milk Indicates careless ness In Its production or handling. Keep dirt out Strnlnlng takes out only tho coarso particles of dirt nnd removes neither tho bacteria nnd fine dirt nor disagree able flavors. Proper straining improves the com mercial quality of milk, but docs not nppreclnbly improve Its wholesomo ness. Filter cloth and absorbent cotton between layers of cheesecloth aro ef ficient mnterials for strainers. Cheesecloth alone, oven when folded several times, Is relatively Ineffective. WIro gauzo falls to removo any but tho very coarse Impurities. Change straining cloths whenever they becomo soiled. Wash and sterl llzo them, nfter each using. Uso a fresh absorbent-cotton filter at every milking. For detailed information on milk strainers write to tho dairy division, United States department of agricul ture, Washington, D. 0. REDUCE MILK-BOTTLE LOSSES Much Help Can Be Given by Consum ers by Careful Handling and Prompt Returning (Prepared by tho United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Consumers enn help by careful han dling nnd prompt return of milk bot tles to dealers or their avflhorlzed agents. Drivers can collect nil bottles promptly and handle them with moro care. Milk dealers can develop more effec tive plans for marking bottles, collect- Hla Own Middleman. often finds It possible to dovoto a part of certain days in disposing of hla products at a community markot, tak ing tho dlfferenco between wholesnlo and retail prices for his service as salcsmnn. Making Markets Pay. Community markets havo not been successful In nil Instances, but where thero are n reasonable number of pro ducers who can ho interested in at tending n market which Is convenient ly located for tho purchasing public, success In mnny cases has been marked. To bo most successful tho market should bo supported by soma jCibllc-spIrlted organization, such as' tho chamber of commerce or n woman's club, nnd , tho city govern ment should bo interested In the move ment. Expcrlcnco shows thnt. thero always develops n need for a market master who will havo direct supervi sion over tlio conduct of tlio market and seo thnt all rules are- enforced. Every mnrkct should have regulations ns to allotment Of selling space, uni form opening nnd closing hours, no price-fixing or profiteering, fair weights and measures, no loud solici tation of trade, and tho proper dis posal of refuse. Local conditions of supply and de mand will dctcrmlno whether tho mar ket should bo held daily or less fre quently. In most places two or thrco days n week will bo all that Is re quired. It Is better to havo n flourish ing market for short hours on two days a week than nn unthrifty ono on three or moro days. Simple knock down counters or tables for the dis play of vegetables nnd other products may bo provided, or sales inaysbo mado direct from tho wagons. Ench pro ducer should bo required to pay a nominal price for his stand or prlvl lego of selling, this money to go for tho upkeep of the mnrket. Prices nt tho community market to attract farmers must bo higher than wholesale quotations, while if they nro not lower than at retail stores tho consumers gain nothing In pntro nlzlng them. Somo markets havo found It desirable to have a bulletin board In n conspicuous place upon which aro given current wholesnlo nnd retail store prices to be used as n guide In estnbllshlng prices of prod acts on the market. Growers aro then wther encouraged or compelled to sell nbout midway between the two. lng thoso which nro lost, and return ing them to tho owner. Legislators and public officials may assist by providing laws, ordinances, nnd regulations to curb wasteful and dishonest practices, including tho sup pression of the milk-bottle traffic by Junk dealers. Inspectors and tho courts may glvo valuublo service by strictly enforcing laws and regulations. Tho press has nn Important servlco to perform In pointing out thnt milk bottles nro private property, In the aggregate of great value, and a ma terial factor in tho cosfof milk service. Cholera kills more hogs than all oth er diseases combined. Worms cause the death of a great many hogs every year. Cholera can bo controlled by disin fection, quarantine and vaccination. In raising orphan pigs, they can bo Lfed with a bottlo and nlpplo the samo as an orphan lamb. The late lambs should bo given tho best possible start, and growth should bo pushed from tlio first. Thero Is no reason why u good flceco cannot bo grown on the back of a good plcco of llvo mutton. Cholera Is pnstly spread by streams, dogs, stray hogs, visitors and utensils moved from ono hog lot to uuother. Thero nro sheep that will ferow enough wool to pretty well make up tho cost of feeding, leaving tho mut ton as a profit It would he much better for the colt and In tho end for the bank account of his master If thero was an open lot of two or maybe three acres close to the barn.