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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1919)
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, N6RTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
TAX BILL IS UP
HENRY D. LINDSLEY
ON IN SEATTLE
Fifty-Five Thousand Workers
Walk Out in Sympathy With
Greatest War Revenue Bill in Na
tion's History Given to
(Bpeclal Information Bervlco, United States Dopnrtmont pf Agriculture)
CAN YOU TELL SILK FROM COTTON?
NEED $12,000,000,000 MORE
II. S. TROOPS CALLED OUT
LOUIS F. SWIFT.
The Housewife andHer Work
I' - : , . J
Sight Hundred Soldiers From Camp
Lewis Are Quartered In City Ready
for Any Expediency Busi
ness Is Suspended.
Scnttlo, Wnsli., Feb. 8. Senttlo's
general strike wns called at the sched
uled time. First reports from the
tjowntown section sold union street
enr men started their enrs for the
barns, union elevator operators In nil
the largo buildings abandoned their
cars and restaurants closed their doors
when their union cooks and waiters
Eight hundred Dnltcd States troops
from Camp Lewis aro quartered In
Seattle to "stand rendy for any
emergency," as army officers said,
resulting from tho general strike
Thursday of 45,000 union men In
sympathy with 25,000 shipyard work
ers who walked out January 21 to en
force demands for Increased pay.
, Union Inbor leaders declared that
virtually 55,000 union members are on
strlko In Seattle. This number In
cludes the 25,000 who wnlkcd out of
the shipyards January 21. The gener
al strike, they said, wus tho first ever
called In the United States.
Mayor Ole O. Hanson issued a state
ment declnrlng that law and order will
prevail. "Business as usual" will bo
;tho sign at the city hall and tho city
plants, ho asserted.
1 Most of the city stores announced
they would remain open as long as
their stocks last. When their shelves
are empty they will be unablo to re
plenish them, ns the truck drivers were
among the strikers.
Telephone operators remained at
their posts, according to reports. Se
attle expects to have lights, as the
strlko committee of tho Central La
bor council voted, to exempt from tho
strike the engineers In tho municipal
Schools may bo forced to close by
the strlko of Janitors and engineers
the office of superintendent of schools
stated. Movlng-pleture houses may
not open, It was believed, as they will
be crippled by tho strlko of operators
' The general walkout was called by
the Scuttle Central Labor council as a
sympathetic move to help shipyard
workers, who, numbering about 25,000,
closed tho big Seattle shipyards by
striking January 21 for higher pay.
Olympia, Wash., Feb. 8 Should tho
need arise, protection for life and
property In Seattle and Tacoma during
the general strlko there will bo "lin
mediate and ample," said a statement
Issued by Gov. Ernest Lister.
JOB FOR EVERY SOLDIER
Secretary Baker Says Every Man Who
Put on Uniform Will Have worK
If He Wants It
AVashlngton, Feb. 0. "Every soldier
wlm nut on tho uniform of tho United
States, who fought, or trained to fight,
will have a job it ne wants one," sec
retary Baker declared In delivering tho
nnnnlns address at tho fourteenth
annual convention of tho national
rivers and harbors congress. Tho sec
retarv cmnhaslzed the duty of Amerl
lean business men to co-operate In
what the government was doing in this
nirpctlon. and said that every chamber
of commerce, board of trade or other
similar organization should realize
tho need for Its participation. Urging
the house rules committee to give tho
right of way for passage of legislation
prohibiting immigration for four years,
Frank Morrison, secretary or the Atner
tenn Federation of Labor, said that
100,000 meu now In tho United States
arc without employment.
MANY YANKS WERE NAUGHTY
Three Hundred and Seventy Thousand
American Soldiers Were Court
Martialed During War.
AVashlngton, Feb. 10. Tho fact that
there were more man ;wu,wu court
mnrtinl trials of American soldiers
during tho war was disclosed by Sec
rotary of War Baker In a letter to tho
senate. Of this number, 22,000 cases
were heard by general courts-martial,
while about 50,000 were tried by spe
.,.ini nr summary courts, tho offenses
linlnir of a minor nature.
Secretary Baker's letter giving tho
figures was sent iu response to Senator
Borah's resolution, adopted last week,
directing the war department to send
tho court-martial records to tuo sen
Alsace Property Exempt
AVashlngton, Feb. 10. Reports on
urnnnrtv belonging to residents of Al
sace and Lorraine will no longer bo
required, Allen Property custodian
Palmer announced. Demands for such
property will be withdrawn.
Conner Companies Reduce Wages.
Jerome, Ariz., Feb. 10. Local copper
companies announced a reduction of
75 cents a day lu wages or mine nnu
smelter workers, due, they say, to re
cent reductions In copper prices. About
four thousand are affected.
Louis F. Swift, president of Swift
& Co., who hns been testifying In the
packers' Investigation before congres
ARMY AT PEAK NOV. 1 1
WAR DEPARTMENT SAYS FORCE
On Nov. 1, When German Reserves
Were Exhausted, Allies Outnum
bered Foe Two to One.
Washington, jFeb. 7. Tho total
strength of tho United States army on
November 11, when tho nrmlstlco was
signed and when tho American war
effort was nt its peak, was 3,703,273
officers and men, including tho ma
rine corps on duty with the army In
Europe. A statistical table made pub
lie by tho war department gives this
In rlflo strength, which means men.
"standing In the trenches ready to go
over tho top with tho bayonet," the
nlllcs' total on July 1, was 1,550,000,
compared with 1,412,000 for tho Ger
Included In tho tnblo Is a compara
tive statement of the strength of tho
forces of the nllles and the Germans
on tho western front by months, be
ginning April 1, 1918, showing thnt
on July 1 for the first time the allies'
"rlflo strength" exceeded that of the
On November 1 when tho enemy's
reserves had been exhausted and his
front line strength reduced by nbout
hulf, tho allies had rifle strength ot
1,485,000, representing odds of upwaru
of two to one.
BIG NAVY ASKED BY WILSON
Cable to Daniels Insists That Great
Construction Program Be
AVashlngton, Feb. 0. Insistence by
President AVIIson upon tho ndmlnls
tratlon's policy of naval expansion led
to the unanimous approval given by
the houso nnval committee to another
three-year construction program.
This was disclosed by Chnlrmnn
Padgett of the commlttco when the
house began consideration of the $7fi0,
000,000 annual naval appropriation
Mr. Padgett told of a cablegram sent
by tho president from Paris to Secre
tary Daniels, saying nothing had oc
curred over there to change tho rec
ommendations ho mode lu his annual
message to congress.
The message was brought to tho at
tention of the committee by Daniels.
"The president was very earnest,"
Representative Padgett said, "nnd
very insistent that the three-year pro
gram bo carried out."
U. S. CASUALTIES IN RUSSIA
Archangel Region Losses Include 180
Americans Killed or Missing
AVashlngton, Feb. 10. Total casual
ties In tho American forces lu the
Archangel region of Itussla up to and
Including January HI were 180 killed,
died of wounds, sickness or from other
causes, or missing In nctlon, and 220
wounded or Injured, making a total
casualty list of 409 out f a force num
This Information was contained in a
cablegram from Archnngel dated Feb
ruary 4. The casualties were listed as
Killed in nctlon, 3 officers and 58
men ; died of disease, 2 officers and 04
men; died of wounds, 1 officer, 12. men;
accidentally killed, !1 men; drowned, 1
ntllccr, 2 men; missing In action, 34
men. Wounded In nctlon, all ranks,
198; accidentally wounded, 25; wound
ed, other causes, 0.
Ford Must Pay $19,275,385.
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 10. Floury Ford
was ordered, In a decision by tho stnte
supremo court, to pay $19,275,385 divi
dends, held buck by Mr. Ford for the
expansion of tho Ford Motor company
to his stockholders.
Two Killed In Wreck.
Wabasha. Minn., Feb. 10. Mali Clerk
Frank Stutzel of AVubasha and Engi
neer John Helntz of Austin were klllod
when n Wabasha passenger train
crashed head-on Into a freight train
Bulk of Taxes Levied Upon War Ex-
cess Profits of Corporations and
on Incomes Heavy Liquor
AVashlngton, Feb. 7. AVllh tho sub
mission to congress of tho conferees'
. . 41. 1 ...... I tlMl
revenue bill, the American people I
were presented with their prospective
federal tax budget for 1910 and en
suing yenrs something over 0,000,
000,000 this year and $4,000,000,000 the
year after, subject to tho revision of
future rates expected to bo undertaken
by tho next congress.
Tho conferenco report, presented to
tho house by Majority Leader Kltchln,
with arrangements for Its considera
tion Friday, is regarded assured of
adoption by both house- and sennto
and of approval by tho president It
thus promises tho future American
tax yield. The present yield Is about
Tho bill gives every soldier, sailor
nnd mnrluo nnd all woman nurses In
tho American forces n bonus of $60.
Besides this year's tax levy of nbout
$0,000,000,000, further treasury needs,
to be raised by bonds And other means
aro estimated by the treasury at about
Tho following tablo shows tho rates
of income tax for 1918.
Tho table covers incomes abovo
$3,000, as tho personal exemptions of
$1,000 for single and $2,000 for mar
ried persons, with $200 additional ex
emption for each minor dependent,
largely cover Incomes below the $3,000
Net Income. pcf pet
8C.O0O . 12
rersonnl oxomptlon. $2,000.
Beverage taxes, contingent on prohl
bltion, ns adopted are:
Distilled spirits for nonbovcrago pun
poses, $2.20 per proof gallon, tho pres
ent rnto; distilled spirits manufactur
ed, Imported or withdrawn for bever
age purposes, $0.40 per iaUon, double
existing law, but with a "roller' provi
sion suspending certain charges on
spirits held In bond by prohibition;
beer and other fermented beverages,
$0 per barrel, double present law;
wines, double existing rates based on
alcoholic content, also with a prohibi
tion "relief" provision permitting dis
tillation of wines for Industrial pur
poses; cereal beverages, or "near
beer," 15 per cent on sales, a new tax;
grape juice, ginger nlc, root beer, pop,
artificial mineral and carbonated wa
ters and beverages and similar soft
drinks, 10 per cent on manufacturers'
sales, instead of tho present rate of
1 cent per gallon ; nntural mineral wa
ters, 2 cents per gallon, double pres
A new tax, effective May 1 next, Is 1
cent on each 10 cents or fraction of
retnllors' sales of ico civ in, soda
water, sundaes and similar confections
or drinks to be paid by consumers.
Cigar rates fixed by the conferees
range from $1.50 por thousand, Instead
of $1 on cigars weighing three pounds
or less per thousand, to $15 per thou
sand, a CO per cent Increase on cigars
sold In excess of 20 cents each.
Cigarettes are taxed $3 per thou
sand" instead of $2.05 ou those weigh
ing not more than three pounds per
thousand, and $7.20 per thousand In
stead of $4.80, on cigarettes weighing
Tohncco and snuff aro- taxed 18
cents n pound, un Increase of G cents.
Strlngeut provisions were adopted by
the conferees to regulnto dealers In
Amusement admission tuxes In tho
bill, effective April 1, were Increased
only In n few Instances, tho general
rate of 1 cent on ench 10 cents or frac
tion paid being retained after peti
tions bearing thousands of names were
received protesting against an earlier
agreement to doublo the rate.
Club dues aro taxed 10 per cent, the
present rnte upon members of organ
izations charging more than $10 an
nually. Sugar Board Moves.
AVashlngton, Feb. 10. The sugar
equalization bonrd of tho food admin
istration, locnted in AVashlngton since
Its organization, announced tho re
moval of Its olilces to 111 Wall street,
Now York city.
Lansing Says U. 8. Halls Union.
Puris, Feb. 10. Secretary of State
Lansing In a statement Issued ln-ie
says that tho government of tho Unit
ed States welcomes tho union of tlio
Serbian. Croatian nnd Slavonian u-
Henry D. Llndsley made a comfortable-
fortune in Toxns before ho was
fifty, and retired, but couldn't resist
tho cnll of tho training camps when
tho United States entered tho war.
llo made such a lino record In tho
nrmy Uint ho roso to tho rank of colo
nel, and now ho Is at tho head of
tho war risk bureau of tho treasury.
It Is seme Job, but Colonel Llndsley
Is an Insurance- man and successful
enough to run anything.
YANKS ROUT "REDS"
S. TROOPS INFLICT HEAVY
LOSSES ON BOLSHEVIKI.
Two Divisions of Bolshevists Annihi
lated by Siberian Force Under
Archnngel, Feb. 7. Heavy losses
were Inflicted on the bolshevik! by tho
American forces and enemy was driven
back in disorder from tho vlllago of
Vlstnvka, on tho Vnga.
Tho American casualties wero flvo
killed nnd several wounded. Many bol
shevik soldiers wero taken prisoner
by the Americans.
Tho enemy early In tho morning be
gan n bonibnrdment with field guns
nnd howitzers, nnd under -cover of a
shrapnel and pompom barrage essayed
a frontal attack with lnfuhtry In tho
Tho American troops, who wero
rested after their retirement from
Shenkursk and were now established
In a good position, poured a heavy Qro
from artillery and machine guns into
the chnrging bolshovlkl, whoso ranks
broke nnd lied Into the woods. .
Omsk, Feb. 7. Two divisions of
bolshevlsts hnvo been virtually annl
hllntcd by Siberian troops under Gen
cral Galda at Kungur, 50 miles south
east of Perm, according to an official
statement issued here.
Tho city of Perm Is now declared
to bo safe from bolshovlst attack.
People who had fled from Perm to
Ekaterinburg nnd other towns nro re
turning. The losses of the Slberlnn
troops In the bnttlo at Kungur aro not
GERMANY SOUGHT WAR IN M4
Bavarian Leader Blames Ex-Kalser
for Plan, Including Annexing Bel.
glum Holds Mass of Evidence.
Berne, Feb. 10. There Is still a vnBt
amount of material to bo examined in
German uunrtors regarding respon
sibility for tho outbreak of tho war,
said Kurt Eisner, the Bavarian pre
mier, in discussing this subject with
"Tito cntlro archives aro as yet un
examined," Ilerr Eisner said, "but
already much material hns been found
In tho secret archives of tho Munich
diplomatic correspondence proving
Germany's guilt, her responsibility for
beginning tho war. For lnstnncc,
there Is n record of a conversation
between King Ludwlg of Bnvarla and
Count von Schoen, tho former German
nmbnssador at Paris, which waB
found nmong Count von Ilcrtllng'fl pa
pers, which shows that Germany de
sired the war.
The conversation took placo In Au
gust, 1914, the king telling the am
bassador that this war must have a
different result from tliHt of tho war,
of 1870 and that Belgium must be an
nexed to Germany.
STRIKE IN ENGLAND ENDS
Threatened Labor Troubles Aro Virtu
ally Settled Railway Men to
Return to Work.
London, Feb. 8. Tho threatened la
bor troubles In Englnnd nro virtu
ally settled, the rallwuy men having
agreed to resume work at once. It Is
oxpected that other labor troubles In
Gretit Britain will bo composed soon.
New Government In Bremen.
Amsterdam, Feb. 8. A provisional
government, composed of flvo mujorlty
socialists, has been proclaimed in Bre
men. It takes tho place of the Bremen
government, composed of "people's
12 Stowaways Shipped Back.
Newport News, Va., Feb. 8. Twelve
enlisted men of tho army, who had ar
rived hero on transports as stowaways
and had been hold as prisoners, wero
sent back to Franco on tho steamer
The Burning Test Note How 8llk on
mauer, iecpa iu onnpe, wnnc
TO TEST FIBERS
Knowledge Given Will Save
Housewife Money When Nec
essary to Buy Material.
LINEN IS QUITE EXPENSIVE
Office of Home Economics of Depart
ment of Agriculture Gives Prac
tical Methods of Test for Adul
teration of Fabrics.
There Is such a great variety of
fabrics on tho market now, nnd most
of us understand so little nbout how
they aro made, that It Is hard to know
which ones will give tho best value for
tho money. Our grandfathers used to
buy pure Tlrgln wool, hut now
processes have been devised which uti
lize shoddy along with the wool in such
a way that tho goods nro sometimes
handsomer und more durable than tho
old kinds. Linen has gono up so In
price thnt ninny of us cannot afford It
nnd must content ourselves with cot
ton or cotton-nnd-llnen mixtures.
A mlcroscopo Is the most nccurato
means of distinguishing cotton nnd
linen threads. Cotton fibers, under tho
microscope, havo n rlbbon-llko appear
ance with frequent twists, and n broad
flat central canal; linen fibers nro
round, Jointed and heavier than cot
ton. If the fabric Is without sturch, oil
makes linen translucent nnd cotton
opaque. The finish must ho washed
out of highly finished materials boforo
the test can bo used. A comparatively
simple test which, nfter somo expe
rience, enables ono to distinguish be
tween linen and cotton Is cnllcd tho
"tearing" test. Ono must be on expert
to detect cotton nnd linen mixtures In
this way. The linen weaves In gen
eral nro more difficult to tear than cot
ton. Tho torn ends of tho linen
threads appear uneven In length, nnd
the individual fibers of the threads aro
parallel; while the torn ends of tho
cotton threads nro moro oven in
length, and tho Individual fibers are
twisted in every direction. Tho sound
of tearing linen is shrill, and that of
cotton dull or muffled.
Another slmplo test Is to light tho
threads with a match, blow ont tho
llumo nnd examine tho burnt ends.
Tho cotton threads will have blunt
ends, while tho linen will bo pointed.
TESTS FOR ADULTERATION OF TEXTILES
Cotton printed Instead Bhort floors,
of embroidered fuzxy ends
Long straight When puro burns
flbors with slowly, leaving
luster; spun Jimall crisp ash.
silk breaks Whero much win
moro easily eral, shapo ot
than reeled nleco llttlo
Right, Heavily Loaded With Mlneraf
Asn or rure biik urumuie6.
An easy way of distinguishing be-
tween tho highly sized nnd calendered
cotton damnsk nnd true linen damask!
Is to boll n snnlplc. After being dried
nnd Ironed, If It Is cotton, It will hnveJ
n dull and somewhat fuzzy appearance,
while the luster and smoojhness cC
real linen will not bo affected by the
treatment. Mercerized cotton dnmnsk
keeps moro luster than untreated cot
ton, hut less thnn linen.
Woolen and Worcted Fabrics.
Since tho price of pure, new vool lv
relatively high, other mnterlals nro of
ten mixed with It, tho most common
being what Is termed "shoddy." This
Ib old woolen material, tailors' clip
pings, etc., put through n special
machine which tears them apart and:
reduces them to fibers. Such good.
havo many uses. It Is stated by
woolen manufacturers that the best
grado of worsted shoddy, which Is oC
long staple, 1. e., has long fibers, Is
superior tp tho low grade, Bhort staple,
new or virgin wool ; nlso tltnt It is im-.
possible to get tho texturo and finish
required for somo of the best grndo,
goods without tho uso of somo shoddy.
As shoddy Is made from wool fiber It
gives tho same tihemlcal tests ns pure
wool, and small amounts are almost
Impossible to detect, except by tho uso
of tho microscope.
Cotton is nlso used with wool. Such
goods havo many uses. It Ib n simple
matter to detect the presence of cot
ton ns wool is dissolved In nlknlles
nnd not nffected by nclds, while cotton
Is dissolved by nclds und not affected
by alkalies. ' r.
Detecting Over-Weighted Silk.
When tho gum is removed from slllc
produced by n silk worm, the slllc
loses from 20 to 00 per cent of lts
original weight. To mako up for this
loss in weight, large additions of var
ious substances which do not change
tho looks, feel or structure of tho silk,
nro often made. If no larger an
amount than that of the weight of the
gum boiled off is added, It is considered;
legitimate; but much silk is tnndo
which has ns high ns from three to
four tltnes ns much mineral matter
added to It ns Us original weight. This
makes tho silk brittle and weak, so
that It wears out quickly. It is easy
to detcrmlno heavily weighted material
by burning a Btnnll sample. Puro silk
burns rapidly, smells llko wool and
produces n small amount of brittle
curlcd-up nRh. Mnterlal which !w
henvlly weighted will have an nslt
which is stiff and which often holds
tho shapo of tho sample.
Cotton Is frequently mixed with silk
Such goods sold ns mixtures have
many uses. It Is easy to detect cottot
in silk by tho mlcroscopo as the fiber
of Bilk aro round nnd smooth, whlh
tho cotton fibers are rlbbon-llke anu
Immerso In cone, sul
phuric acid 114-2 mln,
licmovo. Wash thor
oughly with water, fol
lowed by weak am
monia. Cotton de
stroyed; linen less af
fected. Burns quickly
If without starch,
olive oil makes linen
Boll Ave minutes In
S per cent sol. of caus
tic potash. Wool ntKTH
chars and glvvs
Same tent as wool.
Fibers destroyed less
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