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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1919)
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA,
NUMBER OF NEW MEASURES IS
LESS THAN HERETOFORE
OTHER LEGISLATIVE DOINGS
A Briar Digest of Other Important
Lg!slatorTBelng Considered by
the Nebraska Legislature
Lincoln. Tho fiood-gntcs wero
opened on tho last day on which bills
could be Introduced In tho Nebraska
legislature, and 282 now bills were In
troduced. Tho houso contributed 187
to the list and tho senate 95, with night
sessions of both houses necessary to
finish up tho work. Tho last bill In
troduced In tho hotise was numbered
57fi. The total two years ugo was 793.
Tho Honato record Is 253 for this ses
sion as against 297 during tho last reg
The final collection contained a
great variety of measures. Ono of tho
very late numbers prohibits the sale,
gift or possession of cigarettes or
cigorette material. Another provides
for tho creation of a state teachers'
retirement fund and makes further pro
vision for a ?G00 annuity each year to
teachers who havo taught for a jwrlod
of twenty-five years. Ono bill appro
priates $25,000 for tho purpose of com
piling a list of Nebraska soldiers and
sailors. Ostorman has a bill providing
for a. postal ballot system for primary
olbctfous. There's a pension for po
llccnien bill, a bill to appropriate $125..
000 to establish a state home for the
indigent, a subway crossing bill, a
bill declaring void any marriage pro
hibited by tho laws of this stato, a
gophor bounty bill, a bill to appropri
ate $50,000 for the boy?' working re
serve, and a $5,000,000 appropriation
bill for tho proposed Nebraska mill
and elevator association. There are
big billn and littlo bills in tho final
Senator Cronln reoresent the twentv
fourth district. His home Is at O'Neill
where he has been editor of the O'Neill
"Frontier" since 1B91. This is his first
term in the state senate, but he has
served tour terms in the lower house.
Tho houso of representatives adopt
od unanimously a resolution offered by
Representative Jacobson of Dawson
county, calling on tho 3tate library
commission to turn over to tho chief
clerk of houso all German language
books In its possession. The resolution
etatoa that thero aro somo 1,200 of
theso 'book3, now withdrawn from
circulation. It declares that somo of
these books dncludo Prussian war
eougs and distorted histories of the
United States. It provides that a com
initte of tho hou3o bo appointed to
review Biich books, and arrange that
those containing offensive matter be
House Roll No. 373, by Burney and
Byrum, creator a uniform school text
rbook'commUsion for tho stato, which
shall havo chargo of tho selection of
all text booko in public and private
schools up to and Including the twolfth
grade. It shall he composed of the
state superintendent of schools, the
stato treasurer and tho presidont3 of
the state normals at Peru, Kearney.
Wayne and Chadron
The old effort to pormlt tho sale of
stato (school lands was renewed when
Representatives Sturdevant and
Bothea Introduced a bill for that pur
nose. Lands containing deposits of
aillca, peat or minerals aro not to be
sold but may bo leased.
Tho privileges and elections commit
tee of the lower houso has decided to
stand pat in Ub opposition to the non
partisan election of Judges and school
officials. Tho commltteo recommend
ed for passage a bill abolishing the
entlro non-partisan election system,
this being in accordanco with opinions
expressed by Governor McKoIvie.
House Roll No. 372, by Wlldman, fix
e the following maximum rates for
the sorvlco of graduate nurses; $30
per we'ek for regular cases; $35 for
contnglous and obstetrics; less than a
week, $5 a day. They may receive
room, board and traveling oxpenses in
addition. For persons othor than
graduate registered nurses tho maxl.
mum shall bo $20 a week and main
House Roll No. 387, by Purcell, pro
vld03 that whore land ownors agree to
build separato fences with a lane be.
tweon and ono does not do so tho oth
or may build It and recover.
Last wek noirc!onatlve Howard ol
Omaha, in the faco of n determined
fight, defoatcd an effort to kill his
minimum wago bill by n voto of 49
to 31. It was then recomtnonded for
final passage, v.hen It must havo fifty
one votes to be successful. Tho b'lll
fixes a minimum cf $1 u day for mln.
ors, $1.G0 for women apprentices.
and $2.00 for women other than ap
prentices. Kxcoptions are provided
for physical defectives.
Hepresentatlro Larson has aubther
bill for the establishment of a min
imum wage commission, to fix mini
mum? In various industries to moot
various conditions. Representative
Reynolds of Omaha argued against
tho Howard bill because he thought ,
a Hat scale would not work justly. ,
Howard doclarod tho minimum was I
simply a living wage, and would bo
Representative Larson's bill, for
bidding public officers, or contractors
on public work from "requiring or
permitting" nnyono to labor more
than eight hours In one day was rec
ommended for passago after tho
word "permitting" had been strlckon
Representative Hnrto's bill, limit-
Ing employment of women in tho
packing housos, was nnothor success,
ful measure Introduced by tho Omaha
Tho Joint sub-commltteo of the sen-
ato and house hns'declded.upon a bill
providing for the oloctlon of dologates
to the constitutional convention. DIs.
rognrdlng the dcslro of Govornor Mc
KoIvie the commltteo has recommend
od election of tho lelegutes on a non
partisan ballot. Tho bill provides for,
a special election November 4 to olectj
100 delegates, one for each represen
tative district In tho stato. Tho con
vention is to meet in December, 1919.
Candidates aro to bo nominated by pe
titions signed by at least G per cent
of tho voters in the district.
The lower houso has recommended
for final passago Houso Roll No. 219,
by McLeod of Colfax county, increas
ing the maximum school tax levy In
cities of over 1.500 population from 45
to 55 mills. Omaha and Lincoln are
House Roll No. 371, by Wlldeman,
provides a system of licensing of real
estate men and committing the en
forcement thoreof to tho stato railway
commission. Tho license is issued by
commission, and tho foo Is $100 a year.
On motion of Jacobson, tho lower
house extended Its Inquiry into the
stato circulating libraries by requiring
the state library commission to turn
over to committee's Inspection not only
of German language books, but of all
forelgn-tonguo books. The books nre
to be examined, but will not necessar
ily bo destroyed.
Omaha and Lincoln barbers, both
shop proprietors and Journeymen,
were beforo tho houso commltteo on
medical societies In the Interest of II.
R. 112, by Foster and others, creating
a stato licensing and examining board
for barbers, to havo control of sani
tation in shops, schools and colleges.
The object of the bill, it was explain
ed, Is to placo tho barber profession
on a par with other professions.
Representative MUlor, In Houso Roll
No. 483, would authorize the state
banking board to deny charters to now
banks In towns already adequately
provided with banking facilities. This
Is a power which tho board has tried to
exercise, but which tho courts ruled
It did not havo.
Tho Judiciary committee of tho sen
ate decided to report out for favorable
consideration S. F. 91 by Peterson of
Lancaster, a bill to standardize loaves
of broad by weight Tho bill fixes tho
weight of several different sizes of
loaves and provides It shall be unlaw
ful for any one to sell a loaf that does
not como up to tho specified wolght, a
small allowance being mado for
No reduction of tho tuition rate for
non-resident pupils attending city high
schools will have tho approval of tho
house commltteo on education. Tho
committee voted to kill the Fries bill,
II. It. 65, cutting tho rato from $1.5Q
to $1 per week. Tho introducer was
present and talked for tho bill, but it
was opposed by tho city superintend
ents of Fremont, Soward and Aurora.
Expressions of tho unanimous sontl
ment of school men ovor tho stato
against tho measure were read.
Houso Roll No. 304, by Porter and
others, amends law creating' water
power districts in tho stato and de
fining, describing and regulating
their powers, duties and form of gov
ernment. Prohibits furnishing of
energy to any county or municipality
that has refused to become a part
of the district.
Tho stato board of control has asked
tho legislature to appropriate $287,900
to maintain stt institutions up to
April 1. The requoat Is for deficiency
appropriations amounting to $310,500,
less $28,000 of estimated cash receipts
which may como Into possession of
five of tho fifteen institutions under
Sonato Filo No. 120, by Warner, re
quires property owners to oradicato
barbary bushos, and provides that if
they don't, tho sheriff shall.
Houso Roll No. 30G, hy Strong, pro
vldes that before a school district
may draw any part of tho stato appor
tionment It must, In addition to the
prosent requirements, report that all
children of school age In tho dlbtrlct
havo attended school for tho time re
quired by law. Tho Intent Is to change
tho basis for tho apportionment to
actual school attendance basis.
Senate Filo No. 123, by Potorsoit
and Saunders, authorizes tho district
Judgo of his own volition to altor or
rovlso any dlvorco decrco concerning
tho care, custody or mainlonanc'o of
FROM ALL SECTIONS OF
THIS MAJESTIC STATE
Reports of Interesting Happenings
Throughout Nebraska Condensed
to a Few-Lines for Quick
The two big political pnrtles nro
mnktng plnns to win Nebraska women
since the partial suffrage bill bus been
sustained by the court In Lincoln.
Tluv will lay energetic anil sytolu
ntlc slego for Hie womnn vote, with
organizations throughout the entire
state. If tho women of Nebniikn tnko
advantage of their new privilege, It
will Increase the norma' voto of this
state from S.'O.OOO to 500,000.
Curl L. ModesllI, hem! of the Potnsh
Hennery company at llofl'lniid, has
made tho prediction that every potash
plant In thin state, with 2,000 em
ployes and representing Investments
of $10,000,000, will be closed within
thirty days. "Tho truth of the sit
uation K" he Is quoted as saying,
"the boitnni hns dropped out of the
It has boon decided by the stand
ing committee of tho Episcopal dio
cese of Nebraska that It will wait
until the regular meeting of the dio
cesan council In May for election of
n successor to the lute Bishop Wil
liams, who died recently at Omaha.
H. V. Clark, superintendent of the
Stnto Industrial School for Boys nt
lCcnrnoy, has reported to tho State
Board of Control that the (50 cuttle In
tho dairy herd of tho school have
been examined and found to be en
tirely freo from tuberculosis.
Lower prices for food to the con
sumer, lower wages for tho laborer,
and lower prices for the farmer's
grain was predicted by Governor Mc
Kclvle In an address before members
of tho Nebraska Retail Hardware
association at Omaha.
Judge Troup In district court at
Omaha, granted a temporary restrain
ing order, enjoining the Nebraska Tel
cpl'ono company from continuing In
force :i now .schedule of toll rates,
known as "government rates for tele
phono toll service."
The mnking of brick and tile from
pure western Nebraska sand, using
Inrge quantities of electrical energy
developed by Nebraska streams, may
be a reality In the nenr future, ac
cording to a number of Bassett busl
According to State Prohibition
Agent Gus Ilyors, an unnamed Ne
braska school district employed two
fcleuths to trail bootleggers and lines
secured through the cuinpalgn In six
months totaled $10,000.
David A. Best of Omaha, who had
charge of prisoner's savings at the
state penitentiary at Lincoln, nas neen
charecd bv the state board of control
with usurping fr6m $250 to $2(50 of tho
It Is estimated that more than 3,000
persons In Douglas county will lose
the right of suffrage as a result of the
"full citizenship" requirement passed
nt the Inst session of the legislature.
Tho Stato Banking board has mnll
ed out u call to the 050 stale banks
In Nebraska, asking for a report on
the condition of the banks nt the
close of business .Tnnuury 28.
The Lincoln Woman's club has sent
219 letters to other Nebraska wom
an's organizations, suggesting pro
tests against u threatened restoration
of the narrow hobble skirt.
Nebraskn, population considered.
stnnds first In the United States In
number of banks, with n total of 1,120.
Nebraska has one bank to every 1,207
of hqr population.
Grnln dealers over the state predici
that corn acreage In Nebraska will be
kept low this year because of the gov -
eminent guarantee of n wheat price.
The Richardson county health board
has nppointed 105 school directors In
the county to see that a strict quariin-
tine is maintained in all flu cases.
Tho annual meeting of the State
Florists' society will be held In Lin-
coin during tho meeting of Organized
Agriculture, February 2o to 28.
Several Bassett men una the cast -
ern capitalists are making plans to
establish the third bank In that city.
Bassett now has two banks.
The average number of automobile
license plates mailed out by tho sec
retary of state dining January has
been 4,133 dally.
Louis J. Koepfl', for 17 years con
nected with the Batrlce Dally Sun,
has bought tho Plymouth News of M.
M. Fa lk.
The stale supreme court 1ms ruled
that when non-resident aliens an
legal heirs to Nebraska, laud, It In
comes the duty of the county attor
ney of tho county In which tho land
Is located to .start proceedings to for
felt the Innd to tho state, which uiiim
pay the heirs an amount equal to He
value of tho property.
Free membership privileges for
period of three months will bo extend
cd by tho Columbus Y. M. C. A. to nil
Platte county boys returning from th-
E. A. Ilolden, who dlsnppeiire I
from his homo In Sterling in Octobci
190(1. taking $S00, wns declared legal
ly dead by the Nebraska supreme
court and tho M. W. A. wus onion '
to pay his wife, Olive, his life Insu
nnce. The Woodmen sought to pro
that Ilolden was seen' after he dlsm
Mayor Miller of Lincoln propon
fining auto speeders In proportion :
their specd--$l per mile per hour -nbovo
u specified limit when motor
ist Is hitting olT HO miles an bout- iy
Provost Marshal Orowder's report
to congress shows that Nebraska's reg
istered men were fourth In point of
perfection as disclosed by exumlnn
tloiw under tho draft systems. Okla
homa led with S2 per cent, closely
follow (Ml by Arkansas, Knnsns, Ne
braska, Wyoming, Texas and North
NVbraskn editors have started n
movement lo tertr the veil oft the Rus
sian wolf by culling him an "anarch
ful" Instead of n bolshevik, ns hoi
shew ism and anarchism aro ono and
the same. The movement Is ex
ported to spread over the entire na
I i'Miider Herron of St. Paul, this
state, who was recently awarded n
coiicresslonol gold medal for bravery
In isos, during tho Indian uprising,
was ono of !I28 men In the United
Slates to receive such a distinguished
honor. Mr. Herron Is now 70 years
Governor McKclvIe, on his return
from Washington, asserted at Lincoln
Hint be Is in favor of a Nebraska state
constabulary of sixty men, to patrol
the tuto against booze runners nnd
nuto thieves, a substitute for tho old
Nebraska national guard.
It tool; $1,001,710 to run Nebraska
In January, 1010, according to war
rants Issued by State Auditor Marsh.
The seml-aniitml apportionment of
$100,123 In state school funds dtshib
uted to every district In the stnte
helped swell the total
Mrs. Wile. Lecso Scott, former well
known Lincoln newspaper woman, has
been appointed by Governor McKelvlo
on a Nebraska reception committee to
receive Nebraska boys landing In Now
York from overseas and to look nfter
Tho Mndlpon county farm bureau
has decided to continue Its work this
season and has re-employed Noel
Rhodes us the farm demonstrator. An
effort is being made to havo every
fanner In the county Join the organ
ization. Buyers from all parts of the coun
try attended tho hog sale at the stock
farm of Edward Kem, near Stanton.
Mr. Kern Is a breeder of Duroc hogs.
In tho sale sixty Individuals were of
fered and this sales aggregate $54,525.
lllchardson county claims to havo
established a record In land deals.
Just the other day a tract of 353
acres live miles south of Humboldt
sold for $150 an acre, or a total sum
A very unusual accident Occurred
nt Lyons when 'the 14-year-old son of
Mr and Mrs. Scott Robley fell down a
corn chute where men were loading
shelled corn and was smothered to
A total of 21,180 bend of hogs were
brought to the South Omaha market.
In January In unto trucks, brenklng
all monthly receipts In the history of
the yards transported In Hint manner.
The department of Justice at Wash
ington lias sent additional federal
sleuths to Nebraska to watch for vio
lations of tho Reed nniendment In
bringing liquor Into dry territory.
TJie problems of tho rural school
will be discussed in detail nt the
meeting of the state association of ru
ral school patrons, February
University Farm. Lincoln.
Qmuha Is making preparations to
entertain members of the Nebraska
Farmers Congress which will bold Its
annual convention thero Feb. 17-20. '
On account of the mild' weather
ninny Nebraska coal dealers retailed
no more coal In January tlinn they
did Inst August, so they say.
A movement has been inaugurated
' at Teeuinseh for some street paving.
: The promoters propose to pave twelve
blocks in the city.
j AVord has Just been received by
Fremont relatives that Hoy Sailers
has been awarded the distinguished
j service cross.
Dick Slack, who lived near Pawnee
; city, was found dead In bis barn, ho
having been kicked to death by n
team of mules.
, Another flare-up of tho dreaded In-
lluenzn appears to have started In
Furnace county In and around Wll
if present plans are carried out
1 Grand Island will lay something like
, five miles of paving the coming sum
The Influenza epidemic Is still glv
Ing health authorities In Cuming
county a great deal of concern.
Corn prices ut (lie Union Slock
Yards. South Onialia. dropped from
?2.00 to $1.71 per bushel.
Parties nt Brock refused $300 per
acre for a half section of lnnll ad
Joining the Brock townsite.
Two David City school teachers
Miss Esther Able. 2!!. and Herald
Townly. 22, were killed and two more
teachers were severely injured when a
Union Pacific passenger train struck
tho automobile In which they were
riding nt Schuyler.
Figures given out by General Crow
tier at Washington show that from
April 1, 1017. up to November 11
1018, the date of the signing of the
armistice, Nebraska contributed 53,.
r452 of her joiing men to tho cause of
I helping win the world wiir
George S. Dick, head of the Kear
noy state normal school for the past
four years, has resigned Ids position,
i During tho remainder of the school
, term George Martin will act In the
capacity of president.
Discharged soldiers and sailors of
Buffalo county have perfected what Is
believed to bo the first organization
of veterans of the world war. The ob
ject is to organize all Buffalo county
mun who have seen service and been
given an honorable discharge, no par
ticular motive prompting tho move
other tlinn a patriotic effort.
Helping tlie Meat
(Special Information Service, United States Department of Agriculture)
HOW AMERICAN HOG GROWERS MET WAR'S NEED
A Coming Herd of Porkers. They Produce Profits for Their Owner and Meat
and Fats for
AID HOG RAISER
Remarkable Growth of Business
in Cotton States as Well as
in Other Sections.
URGE GAIN SEEN IN 1918
Department of Anrlculturc Advises
Conservative Policy In Production
Until High Prices of Feed
Thero are 75,5S7,000 hogs In the
United States, according to recent es
timates of the bureau of crop esti
mates of the United States depart
ment of agriculture. Of this number
!M,770,000 aro found in the six corn,
belt states of lown, Illinois, Nebraska,
Missouri, Indiana and Ohio, while 21,-
032,000 porkers are. In the 15 Southern
states and the remainder arc distrib
uted over the other 27 states of the
Union. Under present conditions the
South ranks second only to the corn
belt as the leading pork producing sec
tion of tho country. The remarkable
fact that the growth of the hog busl
ness In the cotton slates, as well as In
many other sections of the country
where the development has been rapid
during the last live years, Is that the
progress has been tho direct result of
the untiring efforts of county agents
to populurlze pork production.
Last year at least 2,-l!15 counties had
the service of an agricultural agent
and lu every locality where cond.1
tlons were favorable for hog raising,
these agents devoted their efforts to
Increasing the hog population to meet
the Increased demand for meat and
fats brought about by the war.
County AgentG' Work.
An exit tuple of the county agents'
work to Increase pork production Is
shown In 17 counties of southern
Aliibnmti. Not a single carload of
hogs was shipped to market from
these counties during 1012-10i:. This
wns before tha county agent got In his
work. During the year ending April
1, 1018, theso 17 counties marketed
2, !l.r)2 carloads of hogs.
County agents In Mississippi have
been getting results In their work to
enlarge the swine Industry. In 1014
A conservative policy with respect to Increasing the number of
swine until the relative shortage and high price of feed aro overcome
Is the recommendation of the United States department of agriculture,
recently mude in u statement on American agricultural production In
1010. Iu summarizing the hog situation the department reports that
the number of swine fell from 05,020,000, tho high point In 1011, to 58,
OM.OOO, the low point In 10M; nnd under the stimulus of war demand
and a record corn crop In 1017 the number Incrensed to 70,078,000 on
January 1, 1018. Iteports Indicate that tho number on farms on Janu
ary 1, 1010, was 75,587,000, or an Increase of 0.5 per cent.
The number of swine per capita of population In 1011 wns 0.079 of
one nnlmnl. On tho same basis there should be 72,471,000 on farms in
HxportH of pork products fell from 1,078,000,000 pounds In tho
ilscal year 1809 to 707,000,000 In 1010, and rose 1,002,000,000 lu 1918.
Although dellnlte data are lacking, reports Indicate a considerable re
duction In tho number of swine in Europe. A representative of the
food administration reports a reduction of 25 per cent In the United
Kingdom, 12 per cent In Italy and 49 per cent In France. However,
In estimating probable demand In Europe for American pork products
certain factors must bo borne In mind; nnmely, (1) large stocks now
on hand In the United States, and (2) the rapidity with which the num
ber of swine can be Increased in Europe. Another fuct6r of Importance
Is the relatively large proportion of lard In the exports of this country,
amounting to about 50 per cent of all pork products exported In the
five-year period from 1010 to 1911, nnd about 200 per cent more thun
the total quantity of beef exported. Exports of lard amounted to 481,
000.000 pounds In 1914, 470.000,000 pounds in 1915, 427,000,000 pounds
In 1010. 445,000,000 pounds In 1017, and 392,000,000 In 1918. All reports
emphasize the shortage of fats and oils hi Europe nt tho present time.
No shipments to Germany and Austria have been included In the ex
ports of lard from the United States since 1014. However, prior to the
war, Germany wus our second largest customer, taking 140,000,000
pounds In 1914. or abi ut .'10 pei cent of our totul lard exports. The
foreign demand for lard is likely lo be heavy during tho present year.
and Milk Supply
this stnto exported 7,2-11 hogs while
In 1017 It sent 83,730 fnt porkers to
the market, an Increase of 1,221 per
cent. An Increase of corn production
was necessary to develop tho hog sup
ply and the county agents havo been
boosting this source of fattening feed,
In 1000 North Carolina raised !,-
000,000 bushels of corn, while in 1018
It harvested tM,!10r,000 bushels, which
enabled the state to fatten 1,500,000
hogs. In Georgia approximately 20,
175,000 bushels more corn were pro
duced In 1018 than In 100!). Other
Southern states have made similar
records In Increasing corn nnd pork
Agent Is Versatile Helper.
While working to Increase pork
production, county ngents have shown
how pork could bo produced eco
nomically; how, by lighting disease,
particularly cholera, much loss could
be prevented ; and how, by proper Bell
ing, producers could dispose of their
anlmiils to the best advantage.
County agents In Pennsylvania,
working through farm bureaus, have
conducted numerous demonstrations
in the feeding of hogs, In which they
showed methods worked out by experi
ments for making cheap gnlns. These
demonstrations taught many hog
raisers how to save at least one-hnlC
of tho grain feed hill In raising hogs
by providing green feed throughout
the growing season.
Saves' Wheat With Hogs.
In a certain section of Montuna ,
nearly 50 acres of choice wheat wero
beaten down by n hailstorm just u
few weeks before liarvest. It looked
like a total loss, but tho countyngent
called a meeting of the farm bureau
and told the members that tho wheat
could be saved if hogs could be se
cured to clean up tho Holds. Tho
county agent was thei authorized to
go "hog hunting" nnd us a result ho
secured 2,:i00 head which wero put to
work salvaging the damaged wheat.
In many localities the limiting fac
tor In hog raising Is easy access to
market. County agents aro solving
this question by Inducing farmers to
market hogs co-operatively, thus great
ly reducing the expense to each farm
er. In Utah recently more thnn 100
farmers supplied 18 carloads of hogs
from sections U5 to DO miles from a
market shipping point. Tho hogs wero
brought In wagons anil even uutomo
biles to tho shipping point and wero
thero handled under the supervision
of county agents. Similar work Is be
ing done by county ngents or through
farmers' organizations in many parts
of tho country.
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