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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1919)
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
i LI II L
Facts About the Year 1919 of the Christian Era
WASIIINGTON.The your 1010 of tlic Christian era, which begun Wednes
day, January 1, and ends on Wednesday, December .'11, not being a "leap
.Tear," will contain 305 days and a small fraction. It very nearly corresponds
with the year Ctt'12 of the Julian period,
which began January 14, 1010. It may
Hh be explained that 7,080 Julian years
The year 2072 since the founda
tion of Rome, according to Varro, began on January 1, 1010. Julian calendar.
The year 2570 of the Japanese era. being the eighth year of the period of
Tnlsho, began January 1, 1010. Gregorian calendar.
The year 1010 of the Christian era comprises the latter part of the one hun
dred and forty-third and the beginning of the one hundred and forty-fourth
year of the Independence of the United States.
In the year 1010 there will be three
A total eclipse of the sun, May 28-20, Invisible at Washington.
A partial eclipse of the moon, November 7, visible at Washington; the
beginning visible generally in North Amerlcn except the extreme western
An nnnuul eclipse of the sun, November .22, visible at Washington as n
Silver and Gold Service
D KOTESTS reaching members of
I service chevrons may lead to legislation prohibiting their use. Repre
scntutlve McKenzle of Illinois. Republican member of the house committee on
military affairs, considers taking tho
lead in the matter.
The recent action of the war de
partment In providing for the wearing
of silver chevrons by those who served
in this country has brought to a head
the Issue which has been smoldering
ever since gold chevrons were desig
nated for overseas service.
"I am greatly concerned over the
situation and am inclined to think con
gressional action may be necessary
prohibiting all sorts of service chev
rons," said Mr. McKenzle. "Congressmen are being Hooded with complaints
of discrimination in the manner in which
who served In this country and those In
"The gold chevrons are most highly prized, but this seems unfair. The
men who served overseas did so because they happened to be ordered, not
because of any .choice of their own. Some of those who remained In this
country did 'far more valuable service
"The men who dodced real military service by going in as army Held
clerks are entitled to wear the gold chevrons. Most of them never saw a
Gorman soldier except possibly afte.r one was captured. They scarcely got
within sound of a battle. Yet these men with their gold chevrons in somt
way are made to appear superior to those who wear silver chevrons who were
anxious to get Into the fighting hut were held in this country for one reason
"To my mind, if there are to he service chevrons the most equitable sys
tem would be to have them worn by those who served in nutual lighting.
Certainly, there could be no object Inn to some little distinction for those who
clearly risked their lives."
This raises the question of the air service. The flyers who were kept
here as Instructors clearly risked their lives. continuously.
Bolivia Asks Relief From
THE government of Bolivia has sent to Paris the evidence upon which that
country buses Its claims arising out of the Tncna and Arlca dispute
between Chile and Peru. Bolivia admits that she was defeated by Chile In
the war between Chile and Peru. In
the last century cannot be righted
through an examination of the controversy by a properly constituted tribunal.
Bolivia's chief claim Is that she he given an outlet to the sea In order to
develop her resources. By treatyarrangements with Peru and Chile, Bolivia
ns n free port at Antofngasta and Mollendo, ,the latter In Peru, but she insists
that this Is not sntllclent.
It Is considered certain by Latin-American diplomats here that the Tncna
Arlca question will be brought up at the peace congress in Paris.
It is learned that among the advisers who went to France with President
Wilson were experts on Chile and Peru. It is stated hero In o"icial circles
that Chile would not be surprised If the United States, und possibly an Inter
national tribunal to be set up by the peace congress, calls upon Chile to
execute the provision of the treaty of Ancon which marked the end of the war
between Chile and Peru, for a plebiscite to he held In ten years, or 1803, to
decide whether Tacna and Arlca should remain Chilean territory or revert to
The nation losing tins provinces would have to pay to the other $10,000,000,
The United States has sent notes to the presidents of Chile and Peru
informing them that it "stands ready to tender alone, or In conjunction with
other countries of this hemisphere, all possible assistance" to bring about an
Paris Now Has Wilsonitis; Americans in Danger
WORD comes from Paris that the French capital has Wilsonitis In a most
virulent form. President Wilson just now Is the hobby of every Parisian
who's old enough to know what It's all about. They've already dedlcnted to him
Jte Wilson cocktail, Wilson highball.
Wilson hat, Wilson shoe, Wilson ave
nue and Wilson march.
Everywhere you go restaurant,
aotel, theater, In the street you hear
them discussing "Le President Wil
No matter who the Frenchman Is
who sits next to you or at a near-by
table he finally draws you Into conver
sation on the one topic that is upper
most in his mind President Wilson.
Tho American civilian In Paris of
about sixty or thereabouts who hears even the remotest resemblance to our
president has certain embarrassments.
Ills joker friends are apt any evening, on tho crowded boulevards, where
the merrymakers throng to point him out to a group of French Pollus and
their girl friends and with a wink say: "There goes President Wilson Incog
nito." At least three very dignified American gentlemen were seen on differ
ent occasions, surrounded by pretty girls doing a May-polo dance, end In
their being kissed atid kissed and k-i-s-s-e-d.
Paris' stock of "Vive Las" U almost exhausted.
form the period of agreement of the
Knlnt - nnil tiliint- nv-f-li.a wlfh till. pvptli
The year HflSO of the Jewish era
will begin at sunset on September 24,
1010. It Is computed from the as
sumed date of the creation of tho
world according to Hebrew chronology
namely, Oct. 7, In the year 3701, B. O.
eclipses, two of the sun and one of
Chevrons Make Trouble
congress against the war department's
n distinction is drawn between thoso
than those who went across.
the Peace Commission
which Bolivia sided with Peru, but she
refused to sign n treaty of peace until
20 years alter the Peruvian govern
ment formally concluded peace with
Chile. Bolivia, as a result of the war,
lost Antofogastn, her only outlet to
the sea, and ever since, according to
the stntement of a diplomatic authori
ty, she has been stilled as a nation.
Bolivia proposes to see if what
she considers the wrong done her in
IE B0t 1
CO J& frVVTHETn
BIG YEAR SEEN
Greatest Effort Made in Further
ing Industry Is Predicted
on Account of War.
INCREASED COST OF HONEY
Product to Value of $2,000,000 Wat
Exported During Last Half of
Year Food Administration Hat
Been of Great Help.
(J'repurcd by tlio United States Depart
ment or Agriculture.)
Increase in the cost of honey, duo to
the big export demand created by the
war, makes It sufe to predict that the
coming year will see the greatest ef
fort ever made in furthering bookeei-
Ing. During the last half of the year
honey to the value of perhaps $2,000,-
000 was exportedabout ten times the
valuation for nny year previous to the
beginning of the war Indicating that
honey has ceased to he a luxury In the
minds of the allied peoples.
Home Demand Increases.
Also, the home demand for honey
has Increased. Figures are not avail
able, however, as much of the honey
of this country never reaches the
larger centers of trade. In addition
to these two demands, the heavy loss
of bees during the winter of 1017 and
a resultant decrease In production in
the eastern United States likewise
was responsible for Increasing the
price of honey to the highest figure
recorded In many years.
In expediting shipments of honey
and supplies for beekeeping, and es
pecially In granting permits to bee
keepers to buy sugar for feeding their
bees where this was necessary, the
United States food administration has
been of great help It is stated. The
issuing of the semimonthly market re
ports by the bureau of markets, United
States department of agriculture, has
made It possible for the first time for
the producer to get reliable Informa
tion regarding the honey markets. This
has been n chief factor in making It
Apiary Provided With Modern Hives.
feasible to encourage beekeepers to In
crease their production. Of Impor
tance In this crisis In the bee Industry
has been the continuation of tho crop
reports of the bureau of crop esti
mates. Permit Factories to Operate.
The United States fuel administra
tion permitted the chief factories of
beekeeping supplies to operate on fuel
less days, and supplied one factory
with coal at a serious time, and the
post ofllce department ruled that bees
without combs may bo shipped by par
cels post. This ruling materially helps
In the proper distribution of bees
whenever there Is a serious bee loss
In nny part of the country.
Organization among beekeepers for
bettor marketing has resulted, through
the assistance of the bureau of mar
kets, in the formation of two large co
operative societies. 1
In respect to bee culture the most
important' work of the buronu of en
tomology was a series of Held experi
ments on the behavior of European
foulbrnnd In the hive during the time
that It Is being cleaned out by the
bees. These experiments served to
throw light upon the method to lie used
In preventive treatment. The result
of this work, which marks a new phase
in bee disease, und which promises to
yield most helpful results, soon will
INCREASE AREA OF SORGHUMS
Farmers Report Excellent Results
Prom Dwarf Milo and Dawn
Kafir Demand for Seed.
'Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Ornln sorghum area Increnicd from
Il.iMl.OOO acres In 11)1(1 to ri.lfiH.OOO in
1017, or more than HO per cent, while
tho production increased from 5.1,858,
000 to 7ri.800.000 bushels, or over -HI
per cent. This largely Increased
quantity of grain was consumed
through the ordinary channels with
out any undue drop in price. Farm
ers report excellent results from
Dwarf milo und Dawn kallr, the va
tletles bred and distributed by the
United States department of agricul
ture, and the demand for seed In
creases. In parts of -Arizona and
California Dwarf milo Is grown suc
cessfully on Irrigated laud after bar
ley Is hurvested, thus enabling the
grower to produce two grain crops on
the same land In one year.
Good condition of tho feathers on tho
legs of exhibition birds Is Important.
To preserve the leg feathers unbroken,
feather-legged breeds need to bo kept
on short grass runs and given, voft
uoft, chaffy litter to scratch In.
NO SERIOUS ENEMIES
OF SOY BEAN PLANT
No Insect or Fungous Pest Has
Rabbits Are Most Troublesome at
They Are Fond of Plant and Have
Destroyed Considerable Areas
Woodchucks Also Damage.
(Prepared by tho United States Dopait
inont of Agriculture.)
As yet the soy bean Is troubled by
few serious enemies. In general, It
may be said that no Insect or fungous
pest has assumed any great economic
Importance In connection with the cul
ture of this crop.
Rabbits arc most troublesome, as
they are very fond of the soy-bean
plant and have been known to destroy
considerable areas. Where rabbits
are abundnnt, soy-bean culture In
Small areas Is practically Impossible
Mature Plant of the Soy Bean.
unless the Held enn be Inclosed with
rabbit-proof fencing. In some of the
Northern states, woodchucks have
caused considerable damage to small
plantings of the soy bean.
Root-knot caused by n nematode
often causes considerable injury to soy
beans In many sections of the South
ern states where this pest Is prevalent
In sections where the pest has become
well established in the soil, soy benns
should not be planted. To plant them
Is a dangerous practice, not only he
cause the bean crop will be reduced,
but also because the pest can propa
gate freely and greatly damage any
susceptible crop which follows tho soy
Cowpea wilt, due to a Fusarlum,
I'auses considerable damage to the soy
benn. One variety, unnnmed as yet,
is highly resistant to this disease and
has given quite good results on Bolls
Infested with wilt.
Caterpillars sometimes eat the soy
bean foliage, but the damage from
such Insects is seldom serious. The
bluck blister beetle has been reported
in u few cases to have done consider
able damage to soy-bean llelds, hut In
general this Insect cannot be consid
ered a serious pest.
SPRAYING CATTLE FOR LICE
One Per Cent Solution of Any Stand
ard Coal Tar Dip Used at
It is n good practice to spray cattle
for lice in case they have found a
lodging place in the shaggy winter
growth of hair.
The spray used on tho cattle at the
Pennsylvania State college Is a 1 per
rent solution of any standard coal-tar
dip. The spray application Is made
with a long nos.zle to avoid injury to
tho eyes of the one applying it Modi
fications of this method Include the
use of a spi inkling can, a brush, or
dipping the animal In the solution.
For convenience, animals should be
driven Into a stall or other enclosure
und sprayed a number at a time. While
the entire body of the animal should
he sprayed, special care should be
civon to application along the back
bone, the shoulders and directly back
f the horns.
A second application should be made
nbout 10 days after the first to destroy
insects which may have hatched from
i he eggs during that time.
GET AHEAD OF HESSIAN FLY
Co-operative Campaign Inaugurated
by Bureau of Entomology In
I'repariid by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
In eastern Knnsas, where danger
from the Hesslnn fly threatened dur
ing the fall of 1017, a co-operatlvo
umpalgn was inaugurated by the bu
n an of entomology, United Stntes de
partment of agriculture, to secure tho
plowing down of stubble, and to urge
the observnnco of snfe planting dates.
Tills Is believed to have greatly
unproved conditions which prevailed
'luring the spring and summer of 1018.
In Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri,
hero full advantage of tho safe plant
ig period was taken by growers, tho
nrrent crops of winter wheat wero
i tcellent. Results obtained from Its ex
perimental plats have enabled this bu
i 'it u to forecast Hessian fly conditions
ml thus to Issue tlpiely and valuable
(iformutlon to wheat growers.
PREVENTION IS ALWAYS BEST
Timely Measures Properly Applied Of.
fer Surest Meant of Control Kill
Ino Often Advisable.
(Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Toultry raisers who wait until dis
ease appears In tho flock and then
prepnro to mako n dofcnslvo attack
aro likely to bo successful only in rare
cases. By far the best plan is to
enro for tho flock in such a way that
disease will not appear. Tho aim In
controlling the diseases at poultry Is,
they add, to learn how to prevent
them rather than how to cure.
To enlighten poultry owners us to
tho characteristics of tho more Impor
tant diseases In order that they may
intelligently use the moat improved
methods of combating them Fanners'
Bulletin 057, "Important Poultry Dis
eases," has recently been published by
tho department. Tho causes, symp
toms, from aspergillosis (brooder pneu
monin) to worms, arc given in this
As all poultry is susceptible to many
dlsenses, some of which are highly In
fectlous and resist all efforts of treat
ment, tho bulletin suggests that when
birds become sick it Is oftfn tho best
plan to kill them. Tho greater tho
number of birds kept upon any farm
or plot of ground, and the more they
arc crowded together, tho more Impor
tant are tho measures for excluding,
eradicating, and preventing tho devel
opment of tho causes of disease.
When dlseaso appears among poul
try tho fowls should he removed from
tho poultry yard and a good contlng
of freshly slaked Umo should bo np
piled to tho entire surface of tho
ground, according to tho bulletin. Af
ter a few days It should he plowed and
then cultivated threo or four times at
intervals of a week and flnnlly sowed
with oats, rye or other grain. It is
best to lenvo the ground unoccupied by
fowls until tho winter has passed. Af
ter the fowls have been returned the
premises must bo frequently cleaned
hud occasionally disinfected.
The drinking fountains und feed
troughs must bo washed every week
with boiling water or other disinfect
ant, and If any lice or mltcs are found
on the birds or In tho house the roosts
and adjoining parts of the walls should
bo painted with u mixture of kerosene,
one quart, and crude carbolic acid or
crude creosol, one tcncupful. Tho
Dry, Well-Ventilated and Lighted
Houses Promoto Health In Poultry
house may be whitewashed with fresh
ly slaked llmo or sprayed with kero
sene emulsion. In case of an actual
outbreak of a virulent disease it Is'
well to add to each gallon of tho white
wash six ounces of crude cnrbollc acid.
Good disinfectants destroy the germs
of contagious diseases, the external
parasites, such us lice and mites, nnd
In some cases the eggs of parasitic
worms, and should be used frequently
In und about the poultry house.
PLAN FOR MARKETING EGGS
Infertile Product Will Withctand Coa
dltlonB Much Better Than Fer
(Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture)
Market white-shelled and brown'
shelled eggs In separate packages.
When selling eggs to tho country
merchant or cash buyer Insist that the
transaction he on the quality basis.
Ship or deliver eggs at least twice
or three times weekly.
Small or dirty eggs should ho used
When taking eggs to market they
should be protected from the sun's
Infertile eggs will withstand mar
ketlng conditions much better than
METHODS FOR FEEDING CORN
Hens Get Considerable Exercise When
Fed on Cob Supply In Dry
Hens can be fed corn on cob and
will secure considerable exercise In
picking It off, but tho cobs should bo
picked out frequently. Feeding shelled
corn In a deep, dry litter Is ulso u sat
Duty Devolving on Farmers of
Western Canada Well Prepared ta
Meet the Needs of the Old World
Tho Earth la a Machine Which
Yields Almost Gratuitous Servlco to
Every Application of Intellect"
Speaking with on of tho commit
loners appointed to make a survey of
the food situation in the battle-torn
countries of Europo tho writer waa
told that the depletion and shortage
of food was far greater than anybody
had expected. With the Investigation,
which at that tlmo had merely started,
much had been brought to light that
had only been surmised. Herds of live
stock wcro completely wiped out, flclde
that had been prolific ytclders of grain,
roots and vegetables wcro terraced and
hummocked by bombs and shells,
many of them still lying unexploded
and dangerous. Until this land can be
cone over and cleaned nothing In the
way of cultivation can bo carried on,
and even where that is dono tho work
of leveling and getting under cultiva
tion will take a long time.
Much more devolves upon the fanner
on this Bide of tho Atlantic than was
at first supposed. Herds of live stock
will have to bo replenished, and this
will tako years; tho provisioning of
tho pcoplo in tho meantime is tho task
tho farmers hero will bo nBkod to un
dertake. Producing countries, will bo
taxed to their utmost to meet this de
mand; nil that can bo provided will
bo needed. This need will continue
for some time, and during this period
prices will bo high. The opinion of
thoso who have given tho question
most careful thought and study is that
food scarcity will bo greater than ever
before. Tho Allies will havo to feed
Germany, Austria, Turkey and Russia
and this in addition to tho require
ments of European neutrals for in
creased supplies now that thcro Is no
To the Canadian and American fann
er this means a demand for his grain
fully as great as at any time In the
past. Wheat will be needed, meat will
bo required. The slogan "don't stop
saving food" is as necessary today as
ever. The purpose of this article is to
direct attention to tho fact that hun
dreds of thousands of acres of land
in Western Canada aro still unoccu
pied, and this land is capablo of pro
ducing enough to supply all needs. On
its rich grasses aro easily raised and
cheaply too tho cattlo that will be
ought; in its soil lies tho nutriment
that makes easy tho production of tho
grain that will bo needed, and In both
the farmer will bo assured of a good
profit on his Investment Tho land can
be purchased at low prices, on easy
terms, and with tho abundanco of re
turns that it will give, it does not mean
a matter 6f speculation. Tho facts as
sat out aro known, and certainly are
These facts, tho low cost of tho land,
and Its great productivity, combined
with tho admirable marketing and
transport facilities at tho disposal of
tho farmer mako farming in Western
Cnnndu nn attractive proposition. Ad
vertisement Tr In until thnr llnuor lmnrovcs with
age, but Homo men don't enro to wait
An Attack of Influenza
Often Leaves Kidneys in
Doctors In sll Darts of tho country hsrs
been kept buy with the epidemic of In
fluenra which has visited so many homes.
The symptoms of this disease are very
distressing and leave the system In a run
down condition. Almost every victim
complains of lame back and urinary
troubles which should not be neglect
ed, as these danger signals otten lead M
dangerous kidney troubles. Druggists
report a largo sale on Dr. Kilmer's
Hwamp-ltoot wliicn so many people aj
oon heals and strengthens the kidneys
sftcr an attack of grip. Swamp-Root,
being an herbal compound, has a gentU
healing cucct on tlio Kiunevs, wnicu
(a almost Immediately noticed In mort
canes by thono who try it. Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Hinghamton, N. Y., offer to sena
. , . . i I a T, , nM
a sample Biro oouie oi owuiuii-ivuuw, uu
receipt of ten cents, to every sufferer
who requests It. A trial will convince
any one who may be in need of it. Regu
lar medium and large siro Douies, ioi
tale at all druggists. Be sure to mention
this paper. Adv.
Some persons nro llko one-legged
milk stools no good unless sat upon.
$100 Reward, $100
Catarrh la a local disease greatly lnflu,
need by constitutional conditions. II
therefore requires constitutional treat
ment. HALL. H CATA1UIH MELHVJ1NH
Is taken Internally and acts through tlu
lood on the Mucous surracei or tno ays.
tern. HALL'S CAT Alt III! MBDICINB
destroys the foundation of the disease,
irtvei the patient strength by Improving
the general health and assists nature In
aoing lis worn, yiw.iw lor any crbo ui
Catarrh that HAUL'S CATAIUUJ
UEDICINB falls to cure. .
Druggists 76c. Testimonials free.
r. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
When loves comes In tho door, rea
son files out tho window.
Important to Mothors
Examine carefully every bottle bi
OA8TORIA, that famous old remedy
for Infants aud children, and see that it
in Use for Over 80 xeurs.
Jhildren Cry for Fletcher's Caatoru
Speech is silver; ulleuco Is gold.
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