Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1919)
THE SEMI.WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA
jr v "-v ua v.
Facts About the Year 1919 of the Christian Era
WASHINGTON. The year 1910 of the Chrlstlnn em. which began Wednes
day. January 1. lllltl ends on WodneKiInv. Tliwinlior .11. tint holnir ii "lean
.year," will contain 305 days and u small fraction. It very nearly corresponds
with the year G(W2 of the Julian period,
which begun Jnnnary 14, 11)11). It may
flEL 1,L explained that 7,080 Julian years
The year 12072 since the founda
tion of Home, according to Varro. began on January 1. 1010, Jullnn calendar.
The yenr 2;"70 of the Japanese era. being the eighth year of the period of
Talsho, began January 1, 1019, Gregorian calendar.
The year 1019 of the Christian era comprises the lntter part of the one hun
dred and forty-third nnil the beginning of the one hundred and forty-fourth
year of the Independence of the United States.
In the year 1910 there will be three eclipses, two of the sun and one of
A total eclipse of the sun. May 28-20, Invisible at Washington.
A partial eclipse of the moon, November 7, visible at Washington; the
beginning visible generally In North America except th6 extreme western
An annual eclipse of the sun, November .22, visible at Washington ns n
Silver and Gold Service Chevrons Make Trouble
U ItOTESTS reaching members of congress ngulnst the war department's
i service chevrons may lead to legislation prohibiting their use. Repre
sentutlve McKenzle of Illinois, Republican member of the house committee on
military affairs, considers taking the.
lead in the nintter.
The recent action of the war de
partment In providing for the wearing
oJ silver chevrons by those who served
in this country has brought to a head
the issue which has been smoldering
ver since gold chevrons were desig
nated for overseas service.
"I am greatly concerned over the
situation and am inclined to think con
gressional action may be necessary
prohibiting all sorts of service chev
rons," said Mr. McKenzle. "Congressmen are being Hooded with complaints
of discrimination in the manner In which
who served In this country and those in
"The gold chevrons are most highly prized, but this seems unfair. The
men who served overseas did so because they lmppened to be ordered, not
l)ecnuso of any choice of their own.
country dtd'far more valuable service
"The men who dodced real military service by going In as army tield
clerks are entitled to wear the gold
German soldier except possibly nfte.r one was captured. They scarcely got
within sound of a battle. Vet these men with their gold chevrons In some
way are made to appear superior to those who wear silver chevrons who were
anxious to get Into the fighting but were held in this Country for one reason
"To my mind, If there are to be service chevrons the most equitable sys
tem would be to have them worn by those who served In uotmil lighting.
Certainly, there could be no objection to some little distinction for those who
olenrly risked their lives."
This raises the question of the air service. The flyers who were kept
here ns Instructors clearly risked their llvescontinuously.
Bolivia Asks Relief From
THE government of Bolivia has sent to Paris the evidence upon which that
country bases its claims arising out of the Tncna and Arlca dispute
between Chile and Peru. Bolivia admits that she was defeated by Chile In
the war between Chile and Peru. In
the last century cannot be righted
through an examination of the controversy by n properly constituted tribunal.
Bolivia's chief claim Is that she be given an outlet to the sea In order to
develop her resources. By treatyarrangements with Peru and Chile. Bolivia
ns a free port at Antofagasta and Mollendo, .the hitler In Peru, but she Insists
that this is not sutllclcnt.
It Is considered certain ,by I.ntin-Americnn diplomats here that the Tacnn
Arlca question will be brought up at the peace congress In Paris.
It is learned that among the advisers who went to Franco with President
Wilson were experts on Chile nnd Peru. It is stated hero In o'lielnl circles
that Chile would not bo surprised If tho United States, and possibly an Inter
national tribunal to be set up by the peace congress, calls upon Chile to
execute the provision of the treaty of Ancon which marked the end of the war
between Chile and Peru, for a plebiscite to be held In ten years, or 1803, to
decide whether Tacnn nnd Arlca should remain Chilean territory or revert to
The nation losing the provinces would have to iuiy to the other .$10,000,000.
The United States has sent notes to the presidents of Chile and Peru
Informing them that It "stands rendy to tender alone, or In conjunction with
other countries of this hemisphere, till po&lble assistance" to bring about an
Paris Now Has Wilsonitis; Americans in Danger
WORD comes from Paris that the French capital has Wilsonitis In a most
virulent form. President Wilson Just now Is the hobby of every Parisian
who's old enough to know what It's all ubout. They've already dedicated to him
lie Wilson cocktail, Wilson highball,
Wilson hat, Wilson shoe, Wilson ave
nue and Wilson march.
Everywhere you go restaurant,
aotel, theater, In the street you hear
them discussing "Le President 'Vll-
No mntter who the Frenchman Is
who sits next to you or at a near-by
table he finally draws you Into conver
sation on the one topic that Is upper
most In his . mind President Wilson.
Tho American civilian in Paris of
about sixty or thereabouts who bears even the remotest resemblnnce to our
president has certain embarrassments.
Ills Joker friends are apt any evening, on tho crowded boulevards, where
the merrymakers throng to point him out to n group of French Pollus and
their girl friends nnd with a wink say: "There goes President Wilson Incog
nito." At least three very dignified American gentlemen were seen on differ
ent occasions, surrounded by pretty girls doing a May-pole dauce, end In
their being kissed and kissed and k-l-s-s-e-d.
Paris' stock of "Vive Las" U almost exhausted.
form the period of agreement of the
The year fiflSO of the Jewish era
will begin nt sunset on September 24,
1010. It Is computed from the as
sumed date of the creation of the
world according to Hebrew chronology
namely, Oct. 7, In the year 3701, B. O.
AT ME BE
a distinction Is drawn between those
Some of those who remained In this
than those who went across.
chevrons. Most of them never saw
the Peace Commission
which Bolivia sided with Peru, but sho
refused to sign a treaty of peace until
J0 years alter the Peruvian govern
ment formally concluded peace witli
Chile. Bolivia, as a result of the war,
lost Antofogasta, her only outlet to
tho sea, and ever since, according to
the statement of a diplomatic authori
ty, sho has been stilled as a nation.
Bolivia proposes to see If what
she considers the wrong done her In
BIG YEAR SEEN
Greatest Effort Made in Further
ing Industry Is Predicted
on Account of War.
INCREASED COST OF HONEY
Product to Value of $2,000,000 Wai
Exported During Last Half of
Year Food Administration Has
Been of Great Help.
(Prepared by tho Unltod States Depart
ment or Agriculture.)
Increase In the cost of honey, due to
the big export demand crented by the
wnr, makes it safe to predict that the
coming year will see the greatest ef
fort ever made In furthering beekeej
Ing. During the last half of the yenr
honey to the value of perhaps $2,000,
000 was exported about ten times the
valuation for any year previous to the
beginning of the war Indicating that
honey has ceased to be a luxury in the
minds of the allied peoples.
Home Demand Increases.
Also, the home demand for honey
hns increased. Figures are not avail
able, however, as much of the honey
of this country never reaches the
larger centers of trade. In addition
to these two demands, the heavy loss
of bees during the winter of 1017 and
a resultant decrease In production In
the eastern United States likewise
was responsible for Increasing the
price of honey to the highest figure
recorded In many years.
In expediting shipments of honey
and supplies for beekeeping, and es
pecially In granting permits to bee
keepers to buy sugar for feeding their
bees where this was necessary, the
United States food administration has
been of great help It is stated. The
Issuing of the semimonthly market re
ports by the bureau of markets, United
States department of agriculture, hns
made It possible for the first time for
the producer to get reliable Informa
tion regarding the honey markets. This
has been a chief factor In making It
Apiary Provided With Modern Hives.
fenslhle to encourage beekeepers to In
crease their production. Of impor
tance in this crisis In the bee Industry
has been the continuation of tho crop
reports of the bureau of crop esti
mates. Permit Factories to Operate.
The Unltod States fuel administra
tion permitted the chief fnctorles of
beekeeping supplies to operate on fuel
less dnys, and supplied one factory
with coal nt a serious time, and the
post office department ruled that bees
without combs may be shipped by par
cels post. This ruling materially helps
In the proper distribution of bees
whenever there Is a serious bee loss
In any part of the country.
Organization among beekeepers for
better marketing has resulted, through
the assistance of the bureau of mar
kets. In the formation of two lnrge co
operative societies. N
In respect to bee culture the most
Important' work of the bureau of en
tomology was a series of field experi
ments on the behavior of European
foulbrood In the hive during the time
that It Is being cleaned out by the
bees. These experiments served to
throw light upon the method to be used
In preventive treatment. The result
of this work, which marks a new phase
In bee disease, and which promises to
yield most helpful results, soon will
INCREASE AREA OF SORGHUMS
Farmers Report Excellent Results
From Dwarf Mllo and Dawn
Kafir Demand for Seed.
'Prepared by tho United Statt-H Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Grain sorghum area Increnjed from
H.lM-l.OOO acres In 1010 to fi.lfiU.OOO In
1017, or more than HO per cent, while
the production Increased from 5.',8.r8.
000 to 7r,800,000 bushels, or over -10
per cent. This largely Increased
quantity of grain was consumed
through the ordinary channels with
out nny undue drop In price. Farm
ers report excellent results from
Dwarf mllo and Dawn kallr, the vn
iletles bred and distributed by the
United States department of agricul
ture, and the demand for seed In
creases. In parts of .Arizona and
California Dwarf mllo Is grown suc
cessfully on Irrigated bind after bar
ley Is harvested, thus enabling the
grower to produce two grain crops on
the same land In one year.
Good condition of the feathers on tho
legs of exhibition birds Is Important.
To preserve the leg feathers unbroken,
feather-legged breeds need to bo kept
on short grass runs antl given, voft
soft, chaffy Utter to scratch lu.
NO SERIOUS ENEMIES
OF SOY BEAN PLANT
No Insect or Fungous Pest Has
Rabbits Are Most Troublesome as
They Are Fond of Plant and Havo
Destroyed Considerable Areas
Woodchucks Also Damage.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
As yet the soy bean Is troubled by
few serious enemies. In general, It
may be said that no Insect or fpngous
pesi has assumed any great economic
Importance In connection with the cul
ture of this crop.
ltabblts are most troublesome, as
they are very fond of the soy-beau
plant and have been known to destroy
considerable areas. Where rubblta
are abundnnt, soy-bean culture In
small areas Is practically Impossible
Mature Plant of the Soy Dean.
unless the field can be Inclosed with
rabbit-proof fencing. In some of the
Northern states, woodchucks have
caused considerable damage to small
plantings of the soy bean.
Boot-knot caused by n nematode
often causes considerable Injury to soy
beans In ninny sections of the South
ern states where this pest Is prevalent.
In sections where the pest has become
well established In the soil, soy benns
should not be planted. To plant them
Is a dangerous practice, not only be
cause the bean crop will be reduced,
but also because the pest can propn-
gate freely and greatly damage any
susceptible crop which follows the soy
Cowpea wilt, due to a Fusarlum,
causes considerable damnge to the soy
bean. One variety, unnamed as yet,
is highly resistant to this disease and
has given quite good results on soils
Infested with wilt.
Caterpillars sometimes cat the soy
bean foliage, but the damage from
such Insects Is seldom serious. The
Mack blister beetle has been reported
In n few cases to have done consider
able damage to soy-bean fields, but In
f-'i'tiernl this Insect cannot be consld-
red a serious pest.
SPRAYING CATTLE FOR LICE
One Per Cent Solution of Any Stand
ard Coal Tar Dip Used at
It Is a good practice to spray cattle
for lice In case they have found a
lodging place In the shaggy winter
growth of hair.
The spray used on the cattle at tho
Pennsylvania Slate college Is a 1 per
rent solution of any standard conl-tar
dip. The spray application Is mnde
with u long nos.zle to avoid Injury to
the eyes of the one applying IL Modi
fications of this method Include the
use of a spi Inkling can, a brush, or
dipping the animal in the solution.
For convenience, animals should be
ilrlven Into a stall or other enclosure
nnd sprayed n number nt a time. While
the entlro body of the animal should
lie sprayed, special cart! should be
m'on to application nlong the back
I mile, tho shoulders und directly back
if the horns.
A second application should be made
ubout 10 days after the first to destroy
insects which may have hatched from
i tie eggs during (hat time.
GET AHEAD OF HESSIAN FLY
Co-operative Campaign Inaugurated
by Bureau of Entomology In
i'reparcd tiy the United Stated Depart
ment of AKrlcuIture.)
In eastern Kansas, where danger
from the Hessian lly threatened dur
ing the fall of 1017, a co-operntlvo
iimpalgn was Inaugurated by the bu-M-aii
of entomology, United States de
partment of agriculture, to secure tho
plowing down of stubble, and to urge
i bo observance of safe planting dates,
'fids Ik believed to have greatly
improved conditions which prevailed
'luring the spring and summer of 1018.
In Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri,
here full advantage of the safe plant
nig period was taken by growers, tho
current crops of winter wheat wero
excellent. Results obtained from Its ex
perimental plats have enabled this bu
M ini to forecast Hessian lly conditions
ml thus to Issue timely and valuablo
information to wheut growers.
PREVENTION IS ALWAYS BEST
Timely Measures Properly Applied Of.
fer Surest Means of Control Kill
ing Often Advisable.
(Prepared by tho United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Poultry raisers who wnlt nntll dls
caeo appears In tho flock and then
prepnro to make a defensive attack
nro likely to bo successful only In rare
cases. By far the best plan Is to
enro for tho flock In such a way that
disease will not appear. Tho aim In
controlling tho diseases at. poultry Is,
they add, to learn how to prevent
them rather than how to cure.
To enlighten poultry owners n8 to
tho characteristics of tho more Impor
tant diseases In order that they may
Intelligently use the most Improved
methods of combntlng them Fanners'
Bulletin 057, "Important Poultry Dis
eases," has recently been published by
.tho department. Tho causes, symp
toms, from aspergillosis (brooder pneu
monia) to worms, are given In this
As all poultry Is susceptible to many
dlsenses, some of which are highly In
fectious nnd resist all efforts of treat
ment, tho bulletin suggests that when
birds become sick It Is often the best
plan to kill them. Tho greater tho
number of birds kept upon nny farm
or plot of ground, nnd the more they
nrc crowded together, tho more Impor
tnnt are tho measures for excluding,
eradicating, nnd preventing tho devel
opment of tho causes of disease.
When disease appears among poul
try tho fowls should be removed from
tho poultry yard and n good coating
of freshly slaked llmo should bo np
plied to the entlro surfneu of tho
ground, according to tho bulletin. Af
ter u few dnys It should be plowed nnd
then cultivated three or four times nt
Intervnls of a week nnd finnlly sowed
with oats, rye or other grain. It Is
best to leave the ground unoccupied by
fowls until tho winter has passed. Af
ter tho fowls have been returned the
premises must be frequently cleaned
nnd occasionally disinfected.
The drinking fountains and feed
troughs must be wnRhed every week
with boiling water or other disinfect
ant, and If any lice or mites nro found
on the birds or In tho house the roosts
nnd adjoining parts of the walls should
bo painted with u mixture of kerosene,
one quart, and crudo carbolic acid or
crude crcosol, ono teacupful, The
Dry, Well-Ventilated and Lighted
Houses Promote Health In Poultry
house may be whitewashed with fresh
ly slaked llmo or sprayed with kero
sene emulsion. In case of an actual
outbreak of a virulent disease It Is
well to add to each gallon of tho white
wash six ounces of crudo cnrbollc acid.
Good disinfectants destroy the germs
of contagious diseases, the external
parasites, such as lice and mites, and
In some cases the eggs of parasitic
worms, antl should be used frequently
In und about the poultry house.
PLAN FOR MARKETING EGGS
Infertile Product Will Withstand Con.
dltions Much Better Than Fer
tile Ship Often.
(Prcparod by the United Htatea Depart
ment of Afrrlculturo.)
Market white-shelled and brown-
shelled eggs In sepuruto packuges.
When selling eggs to the country
merchant or cash buyer insist that the
transaction be on the quality basis.
Ship or deliver eggs at leust twlco
or three times weekly.
Small or dirty eggs should bo used
When tnklng eggs to market they
should be protected from the sun's
Infertile eggs will withstand mar
ketlug conditions much butter than
METHODS FOR FEEDING CORN
Hens Get Considerable Exercise When
Fed on Cob Supply In Dry
Hens enn be fed corn on cob and
will secure considerable exercise In
picking It off, but tho cobs should bo
picked out frequently. Feeding shelled
corn In a deep, dry litter Is ulso a sat
was V ::?:''? -.'.'MffM
Duty Devolving on Fanners of
Western Canada Well Prepared t
Meet th Needs of tho Old World
"The Earth la a Machine Which
Yields Almost Gratuitous Service to
Every Application of Intellect"
Speaking with ono of th commis
sioners appointed to make a survey of
the food situation la tho battle-torn
countries of Europo tho writer was
told Uiat the depletion and shortage
of food was far greater than anybody
bad expected. With the investigation,
which at that time nnd merely started,
mnch had been brouRbJt to light that
hnd only been surmised. Herds of llv
stock wcro completely wiped out, fields
that had been prolific ylelders of grain,
roots nnd vegetables wcro terraced nnd
hummocked by bombs nnd shells,
many of them still lying unexploded
and dangerous. Until tills land can be
gone over and cleaned nothing In the
way of cultivation enn bo carried on,
and even where that Is dono tho work
of leveling nnd getting under cultiva
tion will take a long time.
Much moro devolves upon tho fanner
on this Bldo of tho Atlantic than was
at first supposed. Herds of live stock
will havo to bo replenished, and this
will tnko years; tho provisioning of
tho pcoplo In tho menntlmo Is tho task
tho farmers hero will bo nsked to un
dertake. Producing countries, will bo
tnxed to their utmost to meet this de
mand; nil that can bo provided will
bo needed. This need will continue
for some time, and during this period
prices will bo high. Tho opinion of
thoso who hnvo given tho question
most cnreful thought and study Is that
food scarcity will bo greater than over
before. The Allies will huvo to feed
Germany, Austria, Turkey and Russia
and this In addition to tho require
ments of European neutrals for In
creased supplies now that there Is no
To tho Canadian and American farm
er thlB means a demand for his grain
fully as grent as at any tlmo in the
past. Wheat will bo needed, meat will
bo required. The slogan "don't stop
saving food" is as necessary today an
ever. Tho purpose of this nrtlclo Is to
direct attention to tho fact that hun
dreds of thousands of acres of land
In Western Canada nro still unoccu
pied, nnd this land Is capablo of pro
ducing enough to supply all needs. On
Its rich grasses aro easily raised and
cheaply too tho cattle that will be
sought; In its soil lies tho nutriment
that makes easy the production of tho
grain that will be needed, and In both
the fanner will be nssured of a good
profit on his Investment Tho land can
bo purchnscd at low prices, on easy
terms, and with tho abundanco of re
turns that it will give, It docs not mean
a mntter of speculation. Tho facts as
set out aro known, and certainly are
These facts, tho low cost of tho land.
and Its great productivity, combined
with tho admirable marketing and
transport facilities nt tho disposal of
tho farmer make farming In Western
Cnnadn an attractive proposition. Ad
vertisement. It In until that ltouor lmnrovcs with
age, but some men don't enro to wait
An Attack oi Influenza
Often Leaves Kidneys in
Doctor In all nartt of the country bars
been kept buny with the cpidemie of In
fluenza which has visited so many homes.
The symptoms of this disease are very
distressing and leave the system in a run
down condition. Almost every victim
complains of lame back and urinary
troubles which should not be neglect
ed, an these danger signals ottcn lead to
dangerous kidney troubles. Druggists
report a largo sale on ur. njimen
Swamn-ltoot which so many people say
soon heals and strengthens the kidneys
after an attack of grip. Swamp-Itoot,
being an herbal compound, has a gcntls
healing effect on tno Kidneys, wnicu
Is almost Immediately noticed in raon
cases by those who try it- Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Hinghamton, N. Y., offer to send
l sample size bottle of Swamp-Root, on
receipt of ten cents, to every suuerer
who requests It. A trial will convince
any one who may be in need of it. Regu
lar medium and large size bottles, foi
tale at all druggists. Be sure to mention
this paper. Adv.
Some persons nro like one-legged
milk stools no good unless sat upon.
$100 Reword, $100
Catarrh la a local disease greatly Influ,
need by constitutional conditions. It
therefore requires constitutional treat
ment. HALL'H catarrh mkdicinr
Is taken internally and acts through thi
uiooa on tne mucous surfaces oi me sys
tem. HALLU CATARRH MKDICINJS
destroys the foundation of the disease,
gives the patient strength by Improving
the general health and assists nature la
doing Its work. $100.00 for any case 01
Catarrh that HAUL'S CATARIUJ
MEDIC1NB falls to cure.
Druggists 76c. Testimonials free.
r. J. Cheney A Co., Toledo, Ohio,
When loves comos In tho door, rea
won files out tho window.
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle ci
OASTORIA, that famous old remedy
for Infants aud children, and see that it
Daniia 4 tin
la Use for Over 30 xeurs,
Children Cry for Fletcher's Cnstori
Speech Is silver; ullenco is gold.
Powered by Open ONI