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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1918)
THE semi-Weekly tribune, north PLATTF? MPRRASKA
MAIN EVENTS OF
WAR FOR LIBERTY
Battles That Have Marked the
Greatest, Struggle In the
COMPLETE AND FINAL
Four Years of Bitter Warfare Before
the Defeat of Autocratic Attempts to
Rulo the World Could Be Assured
Progress of the Titanic Contest
Practically as It Went On From Day
From Juno 28, 1014, when the nssas
Inntlon of Archduke Ferdinand of
Austria, nnd his wife, nt Sarajevo.
Bosnia, gaVe Emperor William of Oor
mnny Ids excuse for beginning war
which ho believed would result In hln
Raining practical control of the world
through military domination, the innln
ovents of tlio struggle ure told In the
Juno 28 Archduko Ferdinand and
wife assassinated In Sarajevo, Bosnia.
July 28 Austria-Hungary declares
war on Serhla.
Aug. 1 Germany declares war on
Russia and general mobilization is un
der way in Franco and Austria-Hun-ary.
Aug. 2 German troops enter France
at Clrcy; Rttsslnn troops enter Ger
many at Schwlddcn ; German nrmy en
ters Luxemburg over protest and Ger
many asks Belgium for free passago
of her troops,
Aug. fl Drltlsli fleet innhlll7.es; Bel
gium appeals to Great Britain for dip
lomatic aid nnd German ambassador
Aug. 4 Frnnco declares war on Ger
many; Germany declares war on Bel
Slum; Great Britain sends Belgium
neutrality ultimatum to Germany;
British nrmy mnblll7.es nnd state of
war between Great Britain and Ger
many is declared. President Wilson
Issues neutrality proclamation.
Aug. 5 Germans begin lighting on
Belgian frontier; Gerinnny nsks for
Aug. 0 Austrln dcclnrca war on Rus
sia. Aug. 7 Gcrmnns defeated by French
Aug. , 8 Germans capture Ltcgc.
Portugal announces It will support
Great Britain; British land troops Id
Aug. 10 Franco declares war on
Aug. 12 Great Britain declares war
on Austria-Hungary; Montenegro de
clares war on Germnny.
Aug. 15 Jnpnn sends ultimatum to
Germnny to withdraw from Japanese
and Ohlncso waters nnd evacuate Kino
chow; Russin offers autonomy to Po
land, Aug. 20 German army enters Brus
sels. Aug. 23 Jnpnn declares war on Ger
many; Russia victorious in battles In
Aug. 28 Japanese warships bom
Aug.' 25 Jnpan nnd Austria break
off diplomatic rclntlons.
Aug. 28 English win nnvnl bnttlo
oyer German licet nenr Helgoland.
Aug. 20 Germans defent Russians
at AlleiiHteln; occupy Amiens; ad
vance to Ln Fere, 05 miles from Pnrls.
Sept 1 Germnns cross Manic;
bombs dropped on Paris ; Turkish army
moblllr.es; Zeppelins drop bombs on
Sept. 2 Government of Frnnce
transferred to Bordenur; Russians enp
Sept. 4 Germans cross the Mnmo.
Sept. 8 England, Frnnco nnd Rus
sin sign pact to make no separate
Sept. 0 French win battle of
Manie ; British cruiser Pathfinder
aunk In North Ben by a Gorman sub
marine. Sept. 7. Germans' retreat from the
Sept. 14 Bnttlo of Alstio stnrts;
German retreat halted.
Sept. 10 First battle of Solssous
Sept, 20 Russians capture Ja
rolsnu nnd begin siege of Pnr.emysl.
Oct. 0-10 Germans capture Ant
werp. Oct. 12 German tnko Ghent.
Oct. 20 Fighting along Yser river
Oct. 20 Turkey begins war on Rus
sia. Nov. 7 Tslngtao fulls before Jap
Nov. 0 German cruiser Etuden de
stroyed Dec. 11 Gcrmnn ndvnnco on War
Dec 14 Belgrade recaptured by
Dec. 10 Gcrmnn cruisers bombard
Scarborough, Unrtlcpool and Whitby.
e English coast, killing 50 or more
persons; Austrian said to tinvo lost
upward of 100,000 men In Serblun do
feat Dec. 25 Italy occupies Avlona, Alba
Jan. 1 British battleship Formida
Jnn 8 Itnumnnla mobilises 750.000
iik-ii ' lighting In tbo Argonnc.
Jan. 11 Germnns cross the Rawkn,
30 miles from Wnrsaw.
Jnn. 24 British win navul battle In
Jnn. 20 Russian nrmy Invndes Hun
gary ; German efforts to cross Alsne re
pulsed. Feb. 1 British repel strong Gonnnn
attack near La Biisscc.
Feb. 2 Turks are defeated ln at
tack on Suez canal.
Feb. 4 Russlnns enpturo Tnrnow
Feb. 8 Turks along Suo7, cnnnl In
full r treat; Turkish land dofenses at
the Dardanelles shelled by British tor
Fob. 11 Germans evneunte Lodz.
Feb. 12 Germans drive Russians
from positions In (Cast Prussia, taking
Feb. 14 Russians report capture of
formications at Smolnlk.
Feb. If Germans capture Plock
and Blelsk In Poland; French capture
two miles of German trenches In Cham
Feb. 17 Germans report they hnvo
taken 50.000 Russian prisoners In Ma
7.urlnn lake district.
Feb. 18 German blockade of English
and French coasts put Into effect.
Feb. 10-20 British anil French fleets
bombard Dardanelles forts.
Feb. 21 American steamer Evelyn
sunk by mine In North sea.
Feb. 22 German wns olllce announ
ces enpturo of 100.000 Russian prison
ers In engagements In Mazurlnn lake
region; American steamer Carl I) sunk
by mlno In North sea.
Feb. 28 Dardanelles entrance forts
capitulate to English nnd French.
March 4 Lundlug of allied troops on
both sides of Dardanelles straits re
ported; Gentian U-4 sunk by French
March 10 Battle of Neuve Chapello
March 14 Gcrmnn cruiser Dresden
sunk In Pad 11c by English
March 18 British battleships Irre
sistible ami Ocean nnd French bnttlo
ship Bouvct sunk In Dardanelles strnlt.
March 22 Fort of Przemysl sur
renders to Russians.
March 23 Allies land troops on Gul
II poll peninsula.
March 25 Russians victorious over
Austrlans In Carpathians.
April 8 German auxiliary cruiser,
Prlns Eltel Frlcdrlch, InternciJ at New
port News, Vn.
April 10 Italy has 1,200,000 men
mobilized under arms,; Austrlans re
port complete defeat of Russians in
April 211 German forco way ncross
Ypres cnnnl anil take 1,(500 prisoners.
April 25 Allies stop German drlvo
on Ypres lino In Belgium.
April 21) British report regaining of
two-thirds of lost ground In Ypres bnt
tlo. May 7 Liner Lusltnnln torpedoed
nnd sunk by Gcrmnn submarine off
tbo const of Ireland with the loss of
moro than 1,000 lives, 102 Americans.
May I) French advance two and
one-hnlf miles against Gcrmnn forces
north of Arms, taking 2,000 prisoners.
May 23 Italy declares war on Aus
tria. June 3 Gennans rccapturo Przem
ysl with Austrian help.
Juno 18 British suffer defent north
of La Bassee Canal.
June 28 Italians enter Austrlnn ter
ritory south of Rlvn on western shore
of Lnite Oarda.
July 51 Tolmlno falls Into Italian
July 0 British mnko gnlns north of
Ypres and French retako trenches In
the Vosgos. ,
July 13 Germans defeated In the
July 20 Warsaw evacuated; Lub
lin captured by Austrlans.
Aug. 4. Germans occupy Warsnw.
Aug. 14 Austrlans and Germnns
concentrate 400,000 soldiers on Ser
Aug. 21 Italy declares wnr on Tur
key. Sept. 1 Ambassador Bernstorff an
nounces Germans will slid; no moro
liners without warning.
Sept. 4 German submarine torpe
does liner Hesperian.
Sept. 0 Germans mnke air raid on
London, killing 20 persons nnd
wounding 100 others; United Stntcs
asks Austria to recall Ambassador
Sept. 20 Germnns begin drive on
Serbia to open routo to Turkoy.
Sept. 22 Russlnn nrmy, retrentlng
from Vllnn, escapes encircling move
ment. Sept. 25-30 Battto of Ghnmpngne,
resulting In grent ndvnnco for allied
armies nnd cnuslng Kaiser Wllhelm to
ntsh to the west front; German
Oct. B Russia and Bulgaria sover
diplomatic relations; Russlnn, French,
British. Italian nnd Serbian diplomat
ic representatives ask for passports In
Oct. 10 General Mackenscu's forces
Oct. 12 Edith Cavell executed by
Oct. 1!t Bulgaria declares wnr on
Oct. IB Great Britain declares wnr
Oct. 10 Franco declares wnr ou'Bul
garta. Oct. 10 Russia and Itnly declare
wnr on Bulgaria.
Oct. 27 Germans Join Bulgarians In
northeastern Serbia nnd opeu wny
Oct. 30 Germnns defeated nt Mltnu.
Nov. 0 Italian liner Anconn torpe
doed. Dec. 1 British retreat from near
Dec. 4 Ford "penco pnrty" sails for
Dec. 8-0 Allies defeated fn Muco
donlu. Dec. 1CV Sir John Douglas Hnlg sue-
ccods Sir John French ns chief of
English armies on west front.
Jan. 8 British troops at Kut-el-Amara
Jan. 0 British evneunto Galllpoll
Jan. 13 Austrlans capturo Cotlnje,
capital of Montenegro.
Jan. 23 Scutari, capltnl of Albania,
captured by Austrlans.
Feb. 22 Crown prince's nrmy begins
attack on Verdun.
March 8 Germnny declares war on
March IT Austrln-IIungary declares
war on Portugal.
March 24 Steamer Sussex torpedoed
April 18 President Wilson sends
note to Gennnny.
April 10 Presldont Wilson spenks to
congress, explnlnlng diplomatic situa
tion. April 24 Insurrection in Dublin.
April 20 British troops at Kut-el-Amara
surrender to Turks.
April 30 Irish revolution sup
pressed. May 3 Irish lenders of Insurrection
May 4 Germany makes promise to
change methods of submarine warfnre.
May 13 Austrlans begin great offen
sive against Italians ln Trentlno.
May 31 Great naval battle off Dan
June 0 Lord Kitchener lost with
June 11 Russlnns enpture Dubno.
Juno 20 Sir Roger Casement sen
tenced to ho hanged for treason.
July 1 British and French begin
grent offensive on tho Somme.
July O David Lloyd Georgo appoint
ed secretory of war.
July 0 German merchant submnrlno
Deutschlnnd nrrlvea at Baltimore.
July 2.'? General Kuropatkln's nnny
wins battle near Riga.
July 27 English tnke DelviHo wood ;
Scrblnn forces begin attack on Bui
gars In Mnccdonla.
Aug. 2 French tuko Fleury.
Aug. 3 Sir Roger Casement execut
ed for trenson.
Aug. 4 French rccapturo Thlnu
mont for fourth time; British repulse
Turkish attack on Suez canal.
Aug. 7 Italians on Ison7.o front enp
ture Monto Snbotlno nnd Monto San
Aug. 8 Turks force Russian evacu
ation of Illtlls and Mush.
Aug. 0 Italians cross Isonzo river
and occupy Austrlnn city of Goorlt7..
Aug. 10 Austrlans evneunte Stnnls
lau ; allies take Dolran, near Snlonlkl,
Aug. 10 German submarines sink
British light cruisers Nottingham and
Aug. 24 French occupy Maurepns,
north of tho Sommc; Russians recap
ture Mush lu Annenla.
Aug. 27 Itnly declares war on Ger
many; Roumanin enters war on side
Aug. 20. Field Marshal von Illnden
burg made chief of staff of German
armies, succeeding Gen. von Fnlken
liayn. Aug. 30 Russlun armies seize all
five pusses ln Carpathians Into Hun
gary. Sept. 3 Allies renew offensive north
of Sommc; Bulgarian nnd German
troops Invnde Dohrudja, ln Roumanin.
Sept. 7 Germans and Bulgarians
capture Roumanian fortress of Tutra
kan; Roumanians take Orsova, Bul
Sept. 10 Gcrmnn-Bulgarlan nrmy
captures Roumanian fortress of Slll
trln. Sept. 14 British for first time use
Sept. IB Italians begin new offen
sive on Carso.
Oct. 2 Roumanian urmy of Inva
sion In Bulgaria defeutcd by Germans
and Bulgarians under Von Mackensen.
Oct. 4 German submarines sink
French cruiser Gallia and Cunard liner
Oct. 8 German submarines sink six
merchant steamships off Nantucket,
Oct. 11 Greek seacoost forts dis
mantled nnd turned over to allies on
demand of England ami Franco.
Oct. 23. Gormnn-Bulgar armies cap
turo Constnnzn, Roumaula.
Jan. 1 Submarine sinks British
Jan. 0 Russian premier, Trepoff, re
signs. Golltzlu succeeds him.
Jan. 31 Germany announces unre
stricted submarine warfare.
Feb. 3 President Wilson reviews
submarine controversy before con
gress; United States severs diplomatic
relations with Genuany; American
steamer Housatoulc sunk without
Feb. 7 Senate Indorses president's
act of breaking off diplomatic rela
tions. Feb. 12 United Stntcs refuses Ger
man request to discuss matters of dif
ference unless Germany withdraws un
restricted submarine warfare order.
Feb. 14 Von Bernstorff sails for
Feb. 25 British under General
Maude enpture Kut-cl-Amnrn; subma
rine sinks liner Lacouln without warn
ing; many lost, Including two' Ameri
cans. Feb. 20 President Wilson asks con
gress for authority to arm American
Feb. 28 Secretary Lansing makes
public Zimmcrmann note to Mexico,
March 0 President Wilson calls ex
tra session of congress for April 10.
March 11 British under General
Maude capture Bagdad; revolution
starts In Petrograd.
March IB Ozur Nicholas of Russin
March 17 French nnd British cap
Marcli 18 New French ministry
formed by Alexnnder Rlbot.
Mnrch 21 Russian forcos cross
Persian border Into Turkish territory;
American oil steamer llenldtou torpe
doed without warning.
March 22 United Stntcs recognizes
new government of Russin.
Mnrch 27 General Murray's British
expedition Into the Holy Land defeats
Turkish army near Gazn.
April 2 President Wilson asks con
gress to declare that acts of Germany
constitute a state of war; submarine
mks American steamer Aztec without
April 4 United States sonnte'pnsscs
resolution declaring a state of war ex
ists with Germany.
April 0 House pusses war resolution
and President Wilson signs Joint reso
lution of congress.
April 8 Austria- declares sevcrnnco
of dlplomutlc relations with United
April 0 British defeat Germans nt
VImy Ridge nnd take 0,000 prisoners;
United States seizes 14 Austrian In
Oct. 24 French win ba'ck Douau
tnont, Thlnumont field work. Hottdro
mont quarries, and Chlllettc wood near
Verdun, ln smash of two miles.
Nov. 1 Italians, In now offensive on
the Carso plateau, capture 0,000 Aus
trlnns. Nov. 2 Germnns evneunte Fort
Vnux at Verdun.
Nov. 5 Germnns and Austrlans pro
claim new kingdom of Poland of ter
ritory captured from Russia.
Nov. 0 Submarllnc sinks British
passenger steamer Arahln.
Nov. 7 Cardinal Mercler protests
against German deportation of Bel
gians; submnrlnc sinks American
Nov. 8 Russian nrmy Invades
Nov. 0 Austro-German armies de
feat Russians. In Volhynln nnd tnke
Nov. 13 British lnunch new offen
sive in Somme region on both sides of
Nov. 1-1 British enpture fortified vil
lage of Bonncourt. nenr the Ancre.
Nov. 10 Serblnn. French nnd Rus
sian troops recapture Monastlr; Ger
mans cross Transylvanln Alps nnd en
ter western Roumanin.
Nov. 21 British hospital ship Brit
annic sunk by mine In Aegean sen.
Nov. 23 Roumanian nrmy retreats
00 miles' from Bucharest.
Nov. 24 Germnn-Bulgnrlnn armies
take Orsova and Turnu-Severln from
Nov. 25 Greek provisional govern
ment declares war on Germany nnd
Nov. 28 Roumanian government
abandons Bucharest and moves capltnl
Dec. B Premier nerbcrt Asqulth of
Dec. 7 David Lloyd Georgo accepts
Dec. 8 Gen. von Mackensen cap
tures big Roumanian army In Prohovo
Dec. 12 Chancellor von Bethmnnn
nollweg announces ln relchstng that
Germany will propose peace; new cnl
Inet In Frnnco under Arlstlde Brlnnd
ns premier, nnd Gen. Robert Georges
Nlvelle given chief of commnnd of
Dec. lfi French nt Verdun win two
miles of front nnd capture 11,000.
Dec. 10 Lloyd George declines Gcr
mnn pence proposals.
Dec. 23 Baron Burlnn succeeded ns
minister of foreign affairs In Austria
by Count Czernln.
Dec. 20 Germnny proposes to Presi
dent Wilson "nn Immediate meeting of
delegates of tho belligerents."
Dec. 27 Russians defeated lu five
day battle In enstcrn Wallachln, Rou
manin. April 20 Turkey severs diplomatic
relations with the U. S.
April 28 Congress passes selective
service act for raising of nrmy of 500,
000; Gnutemala severs diplomatic re
lations with Gennnny.
May 7 War department orders rais
ing of nine volunteer regiments of en
gineers to go to Frnnce.
Mny 1-1 Esplonnge net becomes law
by passing senate.
May 18 President Wilson Rlgns se
lective service act. Also directs ex
peditionary force of regulars under
General Pershing to go to France.
Mny 10 Congress passes war appro
priation bill of $3,000,000,000.
June 6 Nenrly 10.000,000 men In
U. S. register for military service.
June 12 King Constnutlne of Greece
June 13 General Pershing and statt
arrive In Paris.
June IB First Liberty loon closes
with large oversubscription.
Juno 20 First contingent American
troops under General Slbert nrrlves In
Juno 20 Greece severs dlplonintlc
relations with Teutonic allies.
July 0 President Wilson drafts
state mllltln Into federal service. Also
places food nnd fuel under federal con
trol. July 13 War department order
drafts 678,000 men Into military ser
vice. July 14 Aircraft appropriation bill
of 5040,000.000 passes house ; Chancel
lor von Bethmann-Hollweg's resigna
tion forced by German political crisis.
July 18 United States government
orders censorship of telegrams and
cablegrams crossing frontiers.
July 10 New German Chancellor
Mlchaells declares Germany will not
war for conquest; radicals and Catho
lic party ask peace without forced nc
qulsltlons of territory.
July 22 Slum dcclnrcs war on Ger
many. July 23 Premier Kerensky given un
limited powers In Russia.
July 28 United States wnr Indus
tries board created to supervise ex
penditures. Aug. 25 Italian Second nrmy brenks
through Austrian line on Isonzo front.
Aug. 28 x-csldent Wilson rejects
Pope Benedict's peace plea,
S"pt. 10 General Kornlloff demands
control of Russian government.
Sept. 11 Russian deputies vote to
support Kerensky. Kornlloff's gener
als ordered arrested.
Sept. 10 Russia proclaims now re
public by order of Premier Kerensky.
Sept. 20 General Ualg advance mile
through German lines nt Ypres.
Sept. 21 Gen. Tnsker U. Bliss
nnmed chief of staff U. S. nrmy.
Oct. 10 Germnns occupy Islnnds oi
Runo and Adro In the Gulf of Riga.
Oct. 25 French under General Re
tain ndvnnco nnd tnko 12,000 prison
ers on Alsne front.
Oct. 27 Formnl nnnouncement mnde
thnt Amerlcnn troops In Frnnce had
fired their first shots In the wnr.
Oct. 20 Itnllnn Isonzo front col
lapses and Austro-German army
renehes outposts of Udlne.
Nov. 1 Secretary Lnnslng mnkes
public the Luxburg "spurlos versenkt"
Nov. 0 Permnnent Interallied mili
tary commission crented.
Nov. 24 Navy department an
nounces enpture of first Germnn sub
mnrlne by Amerlcnn destroyer.
Nov. 28 Bolshevlkl get nbsolute
control of Russlnn assembly In Russian
Dec. G Submarine sinks the Jacob
Jones, first regular warship of Amer
ican navy destroyed'.
Doc. 7 Congress declares war on
Dec. 8 Jerusalem surrenders to
Gen. Allcnby's forces.
Jan. 6 President Wilson delivers
speech to congress giving "14 points"
necessary to peace.
Jnn 20 British monitors win sen
fight with cruisers Goebcn nnd Bros
Inn. sinking Intter.
Jnn. 28 Russin nnd Roumnnln sever
Feb. 2 United States troops tnke
over their first sector, nenr Toul.
Feb. 0 United States troopship Tus
cnnln sunk by submnrlnc, 120 lost.
Feb. 11 President Wilson In nddress
to congress gives four additional peace
principles, Including self-determination
of nations; bolshevlkl declare war
with Germany over, hut refuse to sign
Feb. 13 Bolo Pnshn sentenced to
death In Franco for treason.
Feb. 2.r Germans tnke Reval. Rus
slnn nnvnl base, and Pskov; Chancel
lor von Hertllng agrees "In principle"
with President Wilson's peace princi
ples. In nddress to relchstng.
March 1 Americans repulse Ger
man attack on Tonl sector.
Mnrch 2 Trenty of pence with Ger
mnny signed by bolshevlkl nt Brest
Lltovsk. Mnrch 4 Germnny nnd Roumnnln
sign nrmlstlce on Germnn terms.
Mnrch 13 Germnn troops occupy
Mnrch 14 All Russlnn congress of
Soviets ratifies peace treaty.
March 21 Germnn spring offensive
stnrts on B0-mllo front.
March 22 Germnns take 10,000 Brit
ish prisoners and 200 guns.
Mnrch 23 Germnn drive gnlns nine
miles. "Mystery gun" shells Pnrls.
Mnrch 21 Germnns rench the
Somme, gaining 15 miles. Amerlcnn
engineers rushed to nld British.
Mnrch 25 Germans tnke Bnpaume.
Mnrch 27 Germans, take Albert.
March 28 British countcr-nttnek
and gain; French take throe towns;
Germans advance townrd Amiens.
Mnrch 20 "Mystery gun" kills 75
churchgoers In Pnrls on Good Frldny.
April 4 Germnns start second
phnso of their spring drlvo on the
April 10 Germans tnko 10,000 Brit
ish prisoners In Flanders.
April 10 Germans enpture Messlnes
rldge, nenr Ypres; Bolo Pnshn exe
cuted. April 23 British and French navies
"bottle up" Zcobruj,'gc
April 20 Germnns enpturo Mount
Kemmel, taking 0,500 prisoners.
Mny r Austria starts drlvo on
May 10 British navy bottles up Os
tend. May 24 British ship Moldavia,
carrying Amerlcnn troops ;torpodoed;
Mny 27 Germnns begin third phnse
of drlvo on west front; gain five miles.
Mnj 2S Germans tnke 15,000 pris
oners In drive.
Mny 20 Germnns tnke Solssons nnd
menace Reims.' American troops cap
May 30 Germans roach the Marno,
5.5 miles from Paris.
May 31 Germans take 45,000 prison
ers lu drlvo. ,
June 1 Germans advnnco nine
miles: ore 40 miles from Paris.
June 3 Five German submarines
attack U. S. coast and sink 11 ships.
June 5 U. S. marines fight on tho
Marno near Chntenu Thierry.
Juno 0 Germnns start tuurth
phase of their drlvo by advancing to
Juno 10 Germnns gnln two miles.
U. S. marines enpturo south end of Bel
June 12 French nnd Americans
June 15 Austrlnns begin nnnther
dilvt on Itnly nnd tnko 10,000 prison
ers. Juno 17 Italians check Austrlans on
Juno 10 Austrlans cross the Pinve.
Juno 22 Italians defent Austrlans
on tho Plave. '
June 23 Austrlnns begin grent re
trcnt ncross the Plave.
July 18 General Foch launches al
lied oflonslvc, with French, American,
British, Italian nnd Belgian troops.
July 21 Americans nnd French enp
turo Chateau Thierry.
July 30 German crown prince
flees from tho Mnrne nnd withdraws
Au?. 2 Solssons reenptured by Foch..
Aug. -1 Americans tuko Flsmes.
Aug. B American troops landed'
Aufe. 7 Amerlcnns cross the Vesle..
Aug. If Bnpaume reenptured.
Aui:. 28 French recross tho Somme.
Sept. 1 Foch retakes Peronne.
Sept. 12 Amerlcnns lnunch success
ful nttnek In St. Mlhlel salient.
Sept. 28 Allies win on 25Q mile line,,
from North Sen to Verdun.
Sept. 29 Allies cross Hlndenburjf
Sept. 30 Bulgnrln surrenders, nfter
sucessful nlllcd cnmpnlgn ln Bnlkans.
Oct. 1 French take St. Quentln.
Ot. 4 Austrln nsks Hollnnd to
mediate with allies for peace.
Oct. 5 Germans start abandonment
of Llllc nnd burn Dounl.
Oft. G Germnny nsks President
Wilson for nrmlstlce.
Oct. 7 Americans capturo hills
Oct. 8 President Wilson refuses
Oct. 0 Allies enpture Cnmbrnl.
Oct. 10 Allies enpture Le Cnteuu.
Oct. 11 Amerlcnn transport Otrnntn
torpedoed nnd sunk; BOO lost.
Oct. 13 Foch's troops take Lnon
nnd Ln Fere.
Oct. 14 British and Belgians take
Roulcrs; President Wilson demands
surrniir"er by Germany.
Oct. 15 British and Belgians cross
Lys river, take 12,000 prisoners nnd
Oct. 10 Allies enter Lille outskirts.
Oct. 17 Allies enpture Lille, Bruges,
.eebnigge. Ostend nnd Doual.
Oct. 18 Czecho-Slovaks Issue dec
laration of Independence; Czechs rebel
nnd seize Prague, cnpltnl of Bohemln;
French tnko Tltlelt.
' Oct. 10 President Wilson refuses
Aiistr'nr. pence plen nnd says Czecho
slovak state must be considered.
Oct. 21 Allies cross the Olso and
Oct. 22 Hnlg's force3 cross tho
Oct. 23 President Wilson refuses
latest German pence plea.
Oct. 27 German government asks
President Wilson to state terms.
Oct. 28 Austria begs for separate
peace. Oct. 20 Austria opens direct nego
tiations with Secretary Lansing.
Oct. 30 Italians inflict great defeat
on Austria; capturo 33,000; Austrlans
evacuating Italian territory.
Oct. 31 Turkey surrenders; Aus
trlans utterly routed by Italians; lose
50.000; Austrian envoys, under white
flag, enter Italian lines.
Nov. 1 Italians pursue beaten Aus
trlnns ncross Tngllnmcnto river; allied
conference at Versailles fixes peace
terms for Genuany.
Nov. 3 Austria signs nrmlstlce
nmountlng virtually to unconditional
Nov. 4 Allied terms are sent to Ger
many. Nov. 7 Germany's envoys enter al
lied lines by arrangement.
Nov. 0 Kaiser Wllhelm abdicates
and crown prince renounces throne.
Nov. 10 Former Kaiser Wllhelm
nnd his eldest son, Friedrlch Wllhelm
flee to Hollnnd to escnpe widespread
revolution throughout Germany.
Nov. 11 German authorities sign
armistice ending hostilities preceding;
arrangement of the pence terms.
SAID TO FEED ON INSECTS
Pitcher Plant Known to Scientists as
One of the Wonders of the Vege
Tho pitcher plant Is one of th
freaks of plant life. It grows ln
swampy lnnds nnd Is well known in
Cnnadn. Tho flowers, touched with
beautiful, delicate tints, nre prized
for decorative purposes. But tho won
der of the pitcher plnnt Is Its leaves.
They are green, wnter-holdlng pitch
ers, benutlfully veined with red nnd
purple, with considerable variation In
form. During rainfalls they are filled
with water. This largely evaporates,
leaving the receptacle half full. Ex
ternally these cups nre smooth, while
Internally they are lined with fine bris
tles pointing downward. There Is also
n sticky, sugary sort of semi-fluid sub
stance to be found around the Inner
margin of the bowl or pitcher. This
arrangement not only nttracts a large
number of tiny Insects, but they are
so eager to feed on the sugary sub
stance that not n few tumble into tho
wnter below nnd die there. They can
not fly out. for tho lines of flight would
be practically vertical, while hun
dreds of little bristles confronting
them prevent escape over the surface
by walking out. Mnny believe thnt
the plant, through Its leaves, absorbs
the digestive parts of these Insects,
and that they thus contribute to Its
nutrition ; In other words, that the
pitcher plant to this extent Is one ot
tho carnivores of tho vegetable king
"It's a hard matter to plcnse some of
these society leaders," said tho society
"What's the matter now?" asked the
"Mrs. Grabcoln says the wrltcup of
her party lu this morning's paper
wasn't punctunted to suit her." Bir
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