The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, September 27, 1918, Image 7
THE (SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRAIKJC The Housewife and the War 11 q Helping the Meat and Milk Supply (Special Information Service, United COMFORT FOR THE A Queen of the Dairy Rides Stockmen Must Make Special Ef forts to Move Them With a Minimum of Loss. SHOULD BE FED REGULARLY Every Effort Should Be Made to Expe dite Railroad Movement of Cows During Their Time In Transit Keep Comfortable. Each -fall an Influx of springer or fresh cows enters dairying sections that seek more milch animals. Every effort should bo exercised to expedlto Uio railroad movement of the dairy cows during their time In transit nnd to provide all possible comfort for the animals en route, advise the dairy ex perts of the U. S. department of agri culture. Such cure and attention will reduce mortality and will Increase the production of the Individual during her lactation period over the flow wltfch generally obtains from the av erage cow that Is carelessly "rail roaded." Valuable purebred cows should bo moved as rapidly as possible by ex press service or by freight under the special system of loading described below, from origin to destination. Although the expense of exprcssago is four or Ave times as great as that of handling the animals by freight, the saving In animal comfort, shorter time in transit and better conveniences for feeding and watering the animals mako the added expenditure advis able. As far as possible tho animals should be shipped one or two months before they are due to freshen, as re peatedly fresh cows have been ruined so far as the subsequent lactation pe riod has been concerned as a result of being shipped shortly after freshening or so as to calvo in transit. i Care In Shipping. Milch cows of grade breeding usu ally are shipped by freight. The ex perienced stockman selects only dry cows and far-springers for long ship ments. Heifers which are not duo to freshen until three or four weeks after arrival at destination mnko good "buys," as they are of a size and con dition which permits of loading the car to capacity. Furthermore, Imma ture animals are less susceptible to Injury In transit and to damage as a result of a mnrked chnnge of envi ronment. If possible, only animals without horns should be shipped and in case any horned nnlmals havo to be moved they should be tied securely or penned apart In one end of the car" to preclude the possibility of their In juring other animals during tho jour ney. .Similarly, where bulls are shipped in mixed loads these sires should be 'confined apart from tho other cattle. Other conditions being equal, It Is advisable to load about fourteen maturo cows In a 88 or 40 foot car. A practical arrangement is to tie four cows In each end of the car facing the end wnlls, nnd then rough partitions can bo Installed so that two other rows of three cows each face a center alleyway between the car doors where the attendant can stay and extra feed and water be enr rled.. This arrangement Is more com fortable for tho cows, ns tliey rldo nnd absorb the shock and Jar better, while It Is also simpler for the caretaker to feed tho cows and clean out tho car an route. Ship in Cold Weather. As far as possible the stock should lie shipped during cold weather, ad rise tho authorities of the U. S. de partment of agriculture, ni cows han dled during hot weather are liable to shrink appreciably In milk flow during :ho successive lactation period. Spe jlul precaution must bo exercised In shipping cows during cold weather, to avoid exposure which will favor Uio contraction of pneumonia, usually a fatfl disease among mature cow stuff. At best It takes nn animal about u year to become thoroughly tieell mated to a wanner or colder climate thuu that to v!i!.-h it ha boon accus PROPER CARE OF DAIRY ANIMALS Statos Department of Agriculture,) TRAVELING COW In State to the Station. tomed, and on this account tho move ment should take place at a time of year when the temperature of tho two points Is as nearly equable as possible. Dairy cows should be handled under normal conditions before and during the trip. They should bo fed and wa tered at regular Intervals, nnd If nny of tho animals arc in milk they should be milked on schedule. It pays to feed grain nnd hay during a long ship ment where 'tho cows nre accustomed to these materials. Simple provisions for the feeding of hay can be made by stretching small mesh hog wire along tho side wnlls and ceiling of tho enr so as to form a wedge-shaped feeding bunk, which can bo filled with hay in correspondence with the appe tites of tho cattle. Grain Is a difficult material to feed In transit In a freight car where no special provisions aro mado to prevent wastage as a result of the tendency of tho anlmnls to move about where they are not hal tered In place. On long trips grain can bo carried In the car and fed at, points where tho stock is unloaded. A competent attendant should always ac company the dairy cows, no should ride In the car with the stock, as often he can avert Injury to the animals by prompt action in the car In case one of the cows gets down. Water and Feed. Several large barrels of water, as well as plenty of feed should be car ried in the car as protection against delay or accident which may detain the train to tho extent that without this feed the anlmnls would go hungry or thirsty far beyond the 80-hour limit Sand or cinders constitute the best bedding materials and during long trips fresh supplies of theso materials should bo pluccd In the car nt unload ing points whenever they are needed In view of the high price of dairy cows at tho present time, it Is Impera tive that every stockman exert all ef fort to mako for cow comfort In tran sit nnd to movo the animals with a minimum of loss as a result of care lessness, lack of attention and inex perience In tho cow shipping business. nnnriTP irnmi oiinni no rnurno rnum ounruuo j$ 5 tt ... - , - ) dairy cattle are worthy of con sideration. One is represented by tho nnlo of products, either milk or butterfat; and the other comes from the Enlo of surplus stock. Often the latter may amount to a considerable sum, even though the herd Is com posed of grade animals. The pre dominance of a certain breed in a community offers many advan tages. A market Is established which, because of the availabil ity of large numbers of 'animals, attracts buyers from a distance, especially those who buy largo consignments. Under such cir cumstances all surplus stock may bo disposed of to better advan tage and co-operative advertis ing also may be used effectively. 8- Raise Rabbits for Meat Rabbits, which have proved a valu able food source In Europe during the present war, muy well be raised moro extensively In America to reduce tho drain on the tho ordinary meat sup ply, according to biologists of the U. S. department of agriculture. Tho animals may be raised In back yards of cities and towns us well as on farms. Tho Belgian and Flemish giant rab bits aro recommended for meat pro duction, as the ordinary tamo rabbit is smaller and develops more slowly. Rabbits are" easily kept They eat hay, grass, lawn cuttings and green vegetation of many kinds. Tho department has published a bul letin on raising rabbits, which will bo helpful to persons who wish to engage In this pursuit. More Care Necessary. Tho greater tho number of birds kept upon any farm or plot of ground, and tho moro they are crowded to gether, the greater is the danger from contagion and parasites, and tho more Important aro the measures for ex cluding, eradicating, und preventing the development o.C theso causes of disease. CHIEF SEA James Austin Wlldcrs, chief sea scout of tho Boy Scouts of America, took his first degree in scouting from General Byng, tho hero of Cambral. Later bo visited Baden-Powell, and be came so enthusiastic for tho movement that ho wrote to his homo In Hawaii that ho Intended to Inaugurate it thero just ns soon ns ho returned, when ho arrived In Hawaii ho was mot by a boy scout troop. As soon as tho boys in Hawaii heard what he was going to do they became so impatient that they couldn't wait for him. The sen scouts, of whom Mr. Wil der is now chief, Is a now organization designed to meet a now development In American life. Wo now havo tho sec ond greatest navy nnd we shall soon hnvo tho greatest merchant marine In tho world. Where aro tho Americans who will man this fleet? It now costs Undo Snm $2,000 to turn a landsman Into a full-fledged Jackie. But most of tho training necessary can bo done ashore. Lashing Is a boy scout specialty. Tho swinging of lifeboats can bo learned at nny plor. It doesn't require a cruiser to tench oarsmnnshlp and swimming, first aid to tho Injured or tho fundamentals of discipline. To bo n sea scout one must bo a natural sailors of the organization aro degree. That Uncle Sam will need those natural sailors soon Is being moro and moro appreciated, nnd equipment for being loaned or donated. JAPAN'S FOREIGN MINISTER sanitation in tho department of home where he won the degree of doctor of Returning home in 1802 ho wns promoted to uie uircciorsmp oi mo tmmu tlon bureuu. With his appolntmeat in 1807 to tho post of civil administrate! of Formosa his opportunity for demonstrating his real abilities arrived. Id IfWl l.n -..-no mewl, n lnrnn nnrl UT19 f Ivor! n KPllt III tile llOUSO Of DCerS. In tt)C samo year he resigned his post as civil his duties as tho first president of tho Railway company. in xrnnnimi-in jw tirnwnd nu RiieooKsf ul as In Formosa. In tho Kntsuru AllUIIVlltlt l avi I' v -' cabinet, organized in 1008, Goto was HE LISTS ENEMY ALIENS Rufus W. Sprnguc, Jr., Is the man who made tho plans and organized the mnchlnery for tho registration of moro than 300,000 German males, enemy aliens, who live within the jurisdiction of Uncle Sam. By these same plans about the same number of Gennun women were card Indexed later. Mr. Spraguo Is now the head of tho Now York port enemy alien bureau. All the alien enemies within this dis trict como under the jurisdiction of Mr. Sprngue. It, after registering, they do not behave, or If they foil to register und aro caught, It Is his duty to seo that they Join kindred souls In one of tho internment camps. Mr. Spraguo wns born in Boston In 1875 nnd after a preparatory conrso In the Boston Latin school went to Harvard. In 180G he received his A. B. and four years later was graduated from tho Harvard Law school. Then he went to New York and began practice in 1000 as juulor counsel for tho Equitable Life Assurance society. Three years of this, and ho formed a law partnership with Walter B Coe. A few years later tho present law firm of Russel, Coo & Spraguo wni formed. CHAMPION NAVY RECRUITER bly and alone, speaking from the precarious perch afforded by a soup box or an orange crnto. Later, ns some of these failed her from time to time, sho was sufficiently courageous to enter the nearest saloon and there seek re cruits through her patriotic talkw. SCOUT thoroughly qualified scout first, and tho clamoring to bo ndmlttcd to tho new u full course in sea scouting Is rapidly 3 With tho resignation of Viscount Ichiro Motono as minister of foreign affairs, tho Downing street of Japan received as his successor a statesman totally different In typo from those who had successfully hold that port folio. Baron Shlmpcl Goto, tho present foreign minister of Jnpnn, unllko his predecessors In tho foreign ofucc, It not a diplomat by training. Ho had never occupied nuy pqsltlon, Important or Insignificant, in tho consular or dip lomatlc service. In his school days he never studied International law or po litical theories. On tho contrary, lu was educated and trained to become a physician. Baron Goto was born in 1857 Graduating from a local medical school, he was attached to a public hospital of which he eventually be came the director. In 1883 ho became nsslstnnt director of tho bureau ol affairs. Then ho went to Germany, meuicino irom mo university ol ubiuh ..... i II.. administrator of Formosa and assumed then newly organized South Manchuria minister of communications. Tho United States navy Is to hnv Us first pettlcoatod Junior llcutonun' In tho person of Mrs. George Alex under Wheclock, chief yeoman and champion recruiter of tho world. The bestowal of this rank Is Mrs. Whec lock's reward for tho 17,000 young mer she has brought Into tho servlco In tin past 18 months through her oratory. She has mado recruiting speeches all over New York city, lu Buffalo, Syracuse, Blnghumton, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Columbus, Allcntown and many othes large places. She has given up hoi luxurious homo for days at a tlmo to "goon tho road" lu behalf of the navy, Her attractlvo auburn-topped figure has become an Important feature of recruiting rallies. Tho champion recruiter was not always accompanied by nn escort of bluejackets and a band when sho went recruiting. Sho began tho work hum (Special Information Service, Unltod RICE FLOUR TO Tho Flour Is Mado From Highly Milled HELP MEET NEED OF SUBSTITUTES Rice Flour Being Used in Manu facture of Bread, Cookies, Cakes and Waffles. GOOD GOVERNMENT RECIPES Now Being Made In Large Quantities to 8ave Wheat Whiteness Makes It Particularly Useful to Baker and Caterer. Rlccllour, which beforo tho wheat shorlago was used only by caterers and bakers In small amounts, Is now being manufactured lu larger quantities to help meet tho need of wheat substi tutes. Tho whiteness of rlco flour innkes It particularly useful to tho baker and caterer, und In tho effort to savo wheat housewives aro learning, to uso this product in breads, cakes, and cookies nlono or combined with other substi tutes. Tho recipes which follow havo been tested in tho experimental kitchen of tho department o agriculture,' ofllco of homo economics, nnd tho United States food administration, homo con servation section. " Rice Flour Waffles. 1 cups rlco (lour cups milk 1 teaspoon salt 3 tabloapoons melted 3 teaspoons baking fat powder 2 eggs Sift tho dry Ingredients together nnd ndd slowly to tho milk, beaten egg yolks, and melted fat. Fold In stlllly beaten whites and coolc in hot well- greased wnfllo Irons. Shortcake). 1 cups rlco Hour 4 tablespoons sliort- 4 teaspoons baking enlng powder 1 egg 1 teaspoon salt 1 cup milk Mix ns you would muluns, bako in layer cako tin, spilt, and butter whllo hot Put n layer of sweetened berries or other fresh fruit between tho halves nnd on top. Chocolate Nut Cookies. H cup corn sirup 4 tabloapoons barley 3 tablespoons Hour strained honey 1 teaspoon baking 2 squares chocolato powder 10 tablespoons rlco Vi teaspoon salt flour 1 teaspoon vanilla cup choppod nut meats Mix nnd drop by tho spoonful on greased baking sheets. Bako 15 min utes. Sponge Cake. 3 eggs (yolks and 1 teaspoons baking whites beaten op powder arnieiyj cup sugar 1 tablespoon hot water H teaspoon salt 2 teaspoons lemon Julco 1 teuspoon vanilla 74 cup rice Hour This sponge cako can servo us tho basis for many desserts. Bako as a loaf cako or in muffin molds. Baked In a thin sheet, spread with soft Jelly, and rolled it makes a delicious Jelly roll. Sbrvo with a suuec. Bako in layers and fill with custard filling for a Martha Washington plo or uso for a shortcake with fresh fruit between tho layers. Rlce-Flour Cake. Ji cup fat Vt cup milk cup sugar 1 teaspoon salt 2 eggs 2 teaspoons baking yj cup ncoa uoiioa powuor DOtatoes tmeked VA cups rlco flour 1 teaspoon vanilla. compactly Into u cup Mix and bake In muffin molds for cup cakes or In layers or louf. If baked in layers, a lemon filling fS good with it Variation. -For chocolate cako, odd two squares of chocolato to tho above recipe. For eplco cake, add ono tenspoonful clnunmon, hul tenspoonful .nutmeg, nnd one tenspoonful spice. Quick Nut Bread. 1 cup milk Vi cup mashed pota- 2 tabloapoons melted tooa fat ITi cups barley flour 4 tablespoons corn 4 teaspoons baking sirup powder 2 eggs 1 teaspoon salt 1 cups rlco flour 1 cup chopped nuts Mtx In order given. Bako In loaf pan In a modcrato oven for ono and u quarter hours. Yeast Bread. Fifty per cent wheat flour and CO per cent substitutes. l'A cups liquid 1 tablespoon corn V cup mashed pot a- sirup toes 2 teaspoons salt IVi cups wheat flour 1 cups barley flour cake yeast 1 cups rlco flour States Department of Agriculture.) SAVE WHEAT Table. Rice and From Broken Grains. Mako a spongo of ull tho Ingredient! except tho rlco and barley Hour. Tim potatoes used should bo freshly mnshctl with no fat or milk added. Tho water In which they aro cooked can bo used for tho liquid. Let this sponge RtmitJ In n warm place until very light If dry yeast Is used, set tho sponge thu night beforo It is needed. Add rlco flour and barley flour when ttio spongo Is light Knead nnd let rlso until double In bulk. Knead again, form Into loaf nnd allow to rise until bulk is ngain doubled. Brush over thu top of loaf with melted fat ticforq putting it to rise. All breads mado with substitute flours aro better if baked in slnglc-lnnf! pans or In rolls or buns. This reclpo will mako ono largo loaf. Boko for ono nnd u quarter horn's In a hot ovcu. Goats Save Babies. Tho vocation of a ccrtnln Virginia minister Is to save souls. For an uvoi cation he saves lives. Ho confines hlfl soul-saving operations to his congrega tlon, whllo his llfo-savlng activities cover tho stnto at largo, A largo num her of robust, vigorous babies owo their health to tho milk produced by milch goats Which this minister mado nvalloblo to tho parents of theso for mcrly puny nnd sickly infants. Tho novel schema which this goat kcopou practices Is to rent out fresh docs to families with sickly cldldrcn. Tho renter pays a given amount for each day's use of the doc, furnishes And feeds materials In such amount us tho owner directs and signs n contract which makes him responsible for thjt full value of tho goat In caso of acci dent. Tho renter also pays tho ex prcssago on tho goat from tho point of origin to nnd from his home. In tho main, these goats aro main talncd at a cost of approximately (1 cents a dny; oats, corn, clover und nlfalfn"hay, browse and sanitary table BerapB constitute their ration. This, of course, Is contrary to the general supposition that tho uvcrugo milch goat possesses n tin-can appetite and n back-alley disposition. As n substi tute cow for babies tho milch doe is extremely efficient, says tho United States department of agriculture. Sha will produce consistently jfor a period of from eight to ten months between two nnd two nnd one-half pounds ol good quality milk a day, which In high ly effective where It Is used Intelli gently In decreasing infant mortality; duo to malnutrition. Food Inspectors Help. Tho housewlfo can seo nt a glance how much food she Is to get for lien money when It lu In packago fonn and labeled In nccordanco with tho pro visions of tho federal food and drugs act, nay tho ofllclals of tho bureau ol chemistry of tho United States de partment of ngrlculture, charged with tho enforcement of that law. The fcd cral food and drugs act provides that all food In packago form, shipped Into Interstate or foreign commerce, shall bear on tho labels a plain ahd conspic uous statement of tho quantity of tho contents of the package, in terms of weight, measure or numerical count. Federal food Inspectors nro always on the wntch for Interstate shipment of food In package form, to seo that tho labels toll tho truth with respeel to tho quantity of food In Uio pack ages. Several samples nro taken from each shipment In order that their aver' ago weight may bo determined. If the packages aro found to bo short tit weight or measure, tho party rcspon Blblo for tho shipment may bo prose cutcd under tho criminal section of the law. Tho act does not apply to foods, which aro sold and consumed wltblij tho state where produced or manu factured, but to tboso that aro shipped from ono stnto to another, or to at from a foreign country, or manufac tured or sold within tho District ol Columbia or a territory. Many states havo net weight or measure laws, how ever, which protect tho housewife from short weight or measure In pack ago foods produced and sold within tho state. Federal und state food olllclnlii co-operate in tho work of enforcing these laws In order thnt abuses which cannot bo reached uilder ono law ma bo corrected under tho other. Children should never be allowetf rich and heavy preserves.