The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, September 27, 1918, Image 3

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38,000,000,000 Measure Now
Goes to Senate for Final
Designed to Raise by Taxation $8,182,
400,000 of $24,000,000,000 or Moro
Needed for Current
Washington, Sept. 23, By unnnl
mous vote, tlie house on Friday passed
tho $8,182,000,000 rovenuo bill, the
greatest tax measure In history. The
roll call showed 350 members voting
for tho bill mid not ono against It
The unanimous approval given this
hill, which constitutes one of tho ma
jor features of tho government's pro
firom for winning the war next year,
is regarded ns further evidence that
the American people are united as
never before In the determination to
purn nil compromise with tho Him
and go through to a decisive victory
over Prussian militarism, no matter
ho nt tho national sacrifice. '
m.nglng debate on tho revenue
'bill to an end, Representative Long
worth of Ohio declared that the $8,000.
000,000 revenue bill was the best nn
wwer yot to "Austria's whining peace
plea." '
"This will bo good news for the
-allies and cold comfort for tho kaiser,"
'Mr. Longworth said. "It will show
'the Iloheiizollcrns and the Hapsburgs
that henceforth we will deal with tho
thcad lustend of the tall of the German
Tho tax bill will bo laid before tho
Isenato formally Monday.
It was tho general Consensus of
(opinion that the final passage of tho
Tblll would not take place before No
vember 1. Some senators regarded the
'dual system of war profits and excess
(profits taxation provided In the houso
folll as unconstitutional and this will
fyo n sour co of discussion.
The passage of tho bill by tho house
was preceded by two weeks of debate,
In which partisanship was conspicu
ously absent ns a rule. Criticism of
tho bill was confined to minor details,
while the measure as a whole met
with almost universal commendation.
Tlo measuro as 'framed by tho ways
and means committee was not amend
ed materially.
' The tax schemo of the revenue bill
dips Into tho pocketbook of every man,
woman and child In the country. It
wqs framed, according to its authors,
"upon tho principle of levying taxes
upon those best able to bear them, with
Uio result that the bulk of the $8,000,
000,000 will come from large Incomes
und war profits.
President in Proclaiming Event Calls
for Celebration to Stimulate
Fourth Loan.
Washington, Sept 23. President
"Wilson on Friday proclaimed Satur
day, October 12, the four hundred and
twenty-sixth anniversary of tho dis
covery of America, as Liberty day.
iand called upon nil citizens to cele-
orato It and to stimulate a generous
response to the fourth Liberty loan.
T3vory town, city nnd countryside Is
asked by the president to arrange
'commemorative addresses, pageants,
iharvest home festivals or other dem
onstrations, and ho directs that nil
federal employees whoso services can
Tjo spared be given a holiday.
iBerltn Announces Readiness of Ger
many to Participate in Ex
change of Views.
Amsterdam, Sept. 23, On official
statement Issued In Berlin says the
German ambassador in Vicuna pre
sented Germany's reply to tho recent
Anstro-IIungarlan peace note. Tho
German noto announces tho readiness
of Germany to participate In tho pro
posed exchango of Ideas. Notwith
standing the apparent rejection of tho
AuBtro-Hungarlan proposal for a con
ference of the belligerents to discuss
tho possibilities of peace, that govern
ment's offer !b still open, says an offi
cial statement received from Vienna.
Launch 2,596,000 Tonnage.
Washington, Sept. 23. Ship tonnngo
actually delivered to the Emergency
Fleet corporation so far this year
amounts to 1.811,000 tons, with 2,500,
000 tons launched and keels laid for
4,103,000. General Manager Pies: of
tho fleet corporation, giving these fig
ures to tho senate commerce commit
tee, said deliveries for tho month of
September probably will reach 400,
000 tons.
"Reds" Arrest U. S. Envoy.
Amsterdam, Sept. 23. United States
Mlntater Voplckn nnd all entente min
isters who were at Jassy (capltnt of
Roumanla) have been arrested by or
der of the Soviet The diplomatists
were seized returning through Russia.
Two Guilty of Defaming 8oldiers.
Trenton, N. J.. Sept. 23. Alto Reich
elt, a patent attorney, and Dr. Fred
orlch lilshoff were convicted In the fed
eral court hero of conspiring to do
fumo soldiers and Red Cross nurses
by circulation of stories In 150 cities.
Cant. rr. riseeuy oi ttie Czecho
Slovnk armr. Is In Amcrlcn to r'f'
an army for servlco In Prance. There
are n large nuniDcr of Czecho-Slovnks
who, though nominally subjects ot
Austrlu-llungury. are bitter enemies of
that empire and are people without a
.country. Titeir brothers are In Franco
and In Russia lighting with tho allies
anu tney nro anxious to join them.
4,800,000 IN U. S. FORCES BY NEXT
General March Tells House Committee
of Enlarged Military Program
Opens Navy to Regis
trants. Washington, Sept. 20. An army of
by next July after nil de
ductions have been mude for casual
ties nnd rejections, Is what the en
larged American military program
calls for. General March explnlned
this to the house appropriations com
mittee In discussing the new seven-billlon-dollar
army estimates.
There are now about 3,200,000 men
under arms, General March said, and
the plnn Is to call 2,700,000 of the
new draft registrants to tho colors
between now and July.
General March said that cash ap
propriations' for tho whole $7,000,000,
000 would bo necessary as practically
all of tho additional money would be
expended In the next year.
John W. Davis of West Virginia to
Succeed Walter Hines Page as
Washington, Spt. 20. John W. Da
vis of West Virginia, solictor general
of the United States, has been selected
by President Wilson to suqeeed Wnl
ter Hines Page as ambassador to Great
The announcement of Doctor Davis'
selection disclosed that ho had arrived
safely In Switzerland, where he is to
head tho American delegation at the
Berne conference between American
and German missions on the treat
ment and exchange of prisoners.
Capture 45 Towns and Advance Twen
ty Miles Fleeing Foe Applies
Torch to Villages.
London, 3ept. 21. The allied drive
In Macedonia has spread until tho at
tacking front Is now 25 miles wide,
according to latest word from the
Macedonian theater. Forty-five vil
lages have been taken. The Bulgarians
are In flight and are burning Htores and
villages. The allied troops now have
advanced moro than 12 miles. Tho
Bulgarians hnve been defeated com
pletely nnd the Serbian troops are pur
suing them day nnd night
Germany Is Alarmed at Reports That
Ferdinand May Flop to
the Allies.
Amsterdam, Sept. 21. The North
German Gazette, the German official
organ, reports that there ls serious
agitation In Jassy und the unoccupied
parts of Roumanla, In which the queen
Is prime mover, to renew tho associa
tion of Roumnnlu with tho entente.
King Fcrdlnnnd, It Is asserted, Is hold
ing aloof, but under certain circum
stances might yield to the pressure.
Famous French Ace Missing.
Paris, Sept. 23. Lieutenant Boynu,
one of the famous French nces, Is re
ported to havo been missing slnco
Wednesday. He disappeared during a
(light behind tho enemy's lines. lie Ik
credited with 32 aerial victories.
Huns In Peace Demonstrations.
Amsterdam, Sept, 23. Social demo
crats In Germany aro carrying out nu
merous peace demonstrations, accord
ing to Cologne dlsputches. Demonstra
tions havo been held lu Essen, Cologne
and tit many places In Saxony.
McAdoo Says Larger Bond Sales
Will Cover Sum Needed
for Army.
Declares Present Conditions Make It
.Unwiso to Go Further" Than
Revenue Bill Has Gone In
Laying Taxes.
Washington, Sept. 21. Secretary of
tho Treasury McAdoo auuouuced on
Thursday that the new demand of th
war department for the big army soon
to be placed In Franco will have to bo
met without Mullnir any more taxes in
the $S,OO0.OO0.O(X) DiV. '.Wildi tho houso
S now considering.
To meet the army demands, wblili
amount to more than $7,000,000,000 at
least, $2,000,000,000 will have to bo
raised by the sale of bonds. Much
enn be carried over till next year on
time Contracts.
Iu rcspouse to Inquiries from vari
ous senators und representatives, the
ionowing formal statement was Is
sued :
"Secretary McAdoo stated that it in
not tho intention of tho treasury de
partment to ask for moro than S8,
000,000,000 of taxes for tho current
llscal year, lie expressed the belief
mar it was unwise to go further at the
present time and thnt conditions that
may develop in the future will deter
mine tne question of further Increases
oi taxation."
Members of tho houso committee on
appropriations will undertuke to scale
down all of the estimates and to allow
the greater portion of tho expense to
ue carried as contract authorizations.
All of tho amendments proposed,
including the Mooro amendment for n
tax of $3 a balo on cotton, were de
feated and rapid progress was mado
on tne mini sect ons of tho bill.
The amendment of Mr. Green of
Iowa to tax tho products of child In
bor went to defeat, along with the
Changes proposed by the committee
and adopted by the houso Included:
Extension of the business license or
occupation tnx of $10 annually, to "per
sons enguged In any trade, business or
profession" whoso gross receipts ex
ceed $2,500, with nn additional $5 tax
lor wnolesalers.
Elimination of the 5 nor cent lew
on gross receipts of persons operating
inree or Tour automobiles for hire,
otnor than sightseeing machines.
Elimination of duplicating and add
lng machines from tho list of semi
luxuries taxed 10 per cent.
A provision making the tax on soda
lountuiu and soft drink retailers ef
fective November 1 next This tnx la
2 cents on each 10 cents of sales of
soda water, Ico crenm and slmllnr nr-
Bolshevik Leaders Execute 500 Per
sons In Connection With Assassi
nation of Cabinet Minister. '
Washington, Sent. 10. Information
renched tho state department on Tues
day trom a neutral country that allied
citizens In central Russia nre In dnn.
ger. Five hundred persons were shot
In connection with the assassination at
Urltskl of a bolshevik cabinet mlnln-
tcr, the message said. A large number
or otner persons nro held for execution
In tho ovent that further nttomntH on
the lives of the bolshevik leaders aro
Aged Prelate'Succumbs to Pneumonia
nt Home In Mamaroneck, N. Y.
Waa Born In Ireland In 1842.
Mamaroneck, N. Y.. Sent. 1!).
dlnnl John M. Farley, archbishop of
ow xorif, uieu at nis country homo
hero Tuesday.
The aged prelate had been slnlrlnr.
rapidly since he suffered n relapso last
Saturday, following nurtlnl
from an attack of pneumonia.
Cardinal Farley was bom In New
ton Hamilton, County Armagh, Ire
land, on April 20, 1842, a son of Philip
and Catherine Farley.
Great Lakes Quarantined.
Chicago, Sept. 21. Commander Mof
fctt of the Great Lakes naval training
station Issued orders that no moro
loaves would be grunted tho sailors
until the Influenza epidemic had
passed. The order practically amounts
to quarantine to .10,000. There aro
1,500 victims of tho disease at tho sta
tion now. Ono .death has been re
ported. Change in Stock for Airplanes.
Spokane, Wash., Sept. 23. Western
and white pine will not bo used for tho
manufacturo of airplane stock aftor
October 1, Kenneth Ross, personal
representative of John D. Rynn an
nounced hero Friday.
Archbishop Ireland Very Low.
St. Paul, Minn., Sept 23. Tho con
dltlon of Archbishop John Ireland of
St. Paul became Increasingly grnvo
during tho forenoon. Ills physicians
hold only slight hopes for his recovery.
TO 88
1 fcsiu gp'J'
Irving Drew goes to the sennto for
tho unexpired term of the late Senn
tor Jacob Onlllnger, until his death
tho leader of the Republicans of tho
upper branch of congress. Senator
Drew Is one oi" the most prominent
Inwycrs iu New Hampshire. Ho Is nn
old school Republican but has never
taken an active part In politics. Ho
will not be a candldato for re-election.
War Department Calls for Huge
Sum of Money.
To Have More Than 4,000,000 Ameri
can Troopo In France ' by
Next Summer.
Washington. Sept. 19. Congress was
asked by the war department on Tues
day to provide $7,347,000,000 In addi
tion to previous estimates for cnrrvlrirr
lng out tho enlarged mllltnry program
for the coming year. .
The new estimate Is based unon
plans for having nenrlv 4.000.000
American soldiers In France next sum
mer and another million In training
nt home. It brings tho money sought
for the army In tho fiscal year un to
moro than $21,000,000,000, Including
tho regulai nnnronrlatlon bill of somo
$12,000,000,000 and a fortifications bill
carrying moro than $4,000,000,000.
Tho totnl cxpenso of tho Government
during the year Is expected to bo bo-
twcetf"$85,000,000,000 and $30,000,000.-
000. Annronrlatlons now fotnl .n.
701,241,773, Including $5,402,080,310 of
contract authorizations. In nddltion.
the shipping board Is exnected soon to
ask for several hundred million.
General Crowdcr's Order Permits Vol
untary Enlistment; Draft to
Fill Shortage.
Washington, Sept. 10. Provost Mar
shal General Crowder announced or
ders to local draft boards which will
permit the voluntary Induction of
draft registrants Into the navy and
Marino corps nnd provide for drafts of
men to bo assigned to those services
If voluntary Inductions do not suffice
to fill tho demands.
Calls for men for tho navy will go
out beforo tho end of tho month, nnd
Marine corps contingents will bo call
ed within a few weeks.
Former Assemblyman of Wisconsin
Given 18 Months and Fine for Vio
lating Espionage Act
Eau Claire, Wis., Sept. 20. Eighteen,
months at Leavenworth, Kan., and a
fine of $3,1(00 was Imposed by Judge A.
L. Sanborn In tho United States court
here on Francis Xavlcr Schilling of
Cassel, county board chairman of Mar
athon county, nnd former state ossein
blymun, who was found guilty by a
Jury hero on six counts of violating tho
espionage act by counseling and advis
ing draft registrants to make falso
clulms of exemption, and also by dis
loyal utterances.
Aviator Putnam Falls In Action In
France Credited With
Nine Victories.
With the American Army In France,
Sept. 20. Avlntor Putiiani, the lead
ing American aco, with nine nerlal vic
tories officially credited to him, 1ms
been killed. He has been burled In n
Held golden with buttercups on tho
Tml front, besfdo Uufbory, Hlnlr and
Namec United States Attorney.
Washington, Sept. 21. The nomina
tion of Hugh H. Robertson of San
Antonio, to bo United States attorney
for tho western district of Texas, was
sent to the senate on Thursday by
President Wilson.
Jap Cavalry In Tchlta.
Tokyo, Sept 21. A contingent of
Japanoio cavalry, together with troops
belonging to the command of General
Somonoff, tho Cossnck lender, entered
the town of Tchlta In the Transbalkul
on Thursday.
Papers Secured by U. S. Show
Treachery of Bolshevik
Documents Given Member of Commit
tee on Public Information Also
Roveal How Germany Plotted
Against U. 8. In 1914.
Washington. Proofs removing nny
doubts Unit Nlcoial Lcnlno und Leon
Trotsky, the bolshevik leaders, nro
pukd Germun ugents If Indeed any
doubts havo rciualued uru laid bofore
the world by tho United States gov.
eminent In an amusing series of offi
cial documents disclosed through tho
committee on public Information.
Secured In Russia by Edgar G. Sis
sou, representing the committee (who
was In that country during lust win
tcr, 1017-18) these documents not only
show how tho Gentian government
through Its Imperial bank paid Us gold
to Lculnc, Trotzky, and their Imme
diate associates to betray Russia lntc
deserting her allies, but glvo adden
proofs that Germany had perfected hoi
plans for a war of world conquest long
beforo the assnssluntlons nt Sarajevo,
which couventcntly furnished her pre
text Hun Plots Against America.
These documents further show that
before tho world war was four months
old, and more than two years before
tho United States was drawn into It
(In 1014), Germany already was set
ting afoot her plans to "nioblllzo de
structive agents und observers" to
causo explosions, strikes, nnd outrages
In this country, and planned tho em
ployment of "anarchists and escaped
criminals" for the purpose.
Almost ranking In their sensational
nature with the notorious Zimmer
man note proposing war by Mexico
and Japan upon tho United States,
these documents lay bnro new strata
of Prussian Intrigue, u new view of
tho workings of kultur to disrupt tho
allies standing between the world and
knlserlsm. They disclosed also a new
story of human treachery for gold.
The Intrlguo nppears to hnve been
carried down to tho last detail of ar
rangement with typical Gorman sys
tem. Revolution Staged by Berlin.
Not only do tho disclosures provo
thnt Lenlno, Trotzky, und their band
are paid German agents. They show
that tho bolshovlk revolution, which
threw Russia Into such orgy of mur
der and excesses ns tho world seldom
has seen, actually was arranged by
tho German general staff.
They show how tho paid agents of
Germany betrayed Russia nt tho Drest
Lttovsk "peaco" conference; how Ger
man staff officers havo been secretly
received by tho bolshovlkl as military
advisers ; how they havo acted as spies
upon the embussles of tho nations
with which Russia was allied or nt
peace; how they havo directed tho
bolshevik foreign, domestic and eco
nomic policy wholly In tho lutercst of
Germany, and to tho shame and deg
radation of Russia.
Originals of documents, photographs
of originals, and typewritten circulars,
somo of them marked "very secret"
or "private," and many of them bear
ing tho annotations of tho bolshovlk
leaders themselves ; somo of thorn con
taining references to "Comrade Trotz
ky" or "Comrndo Lchlno" comprise tho
Somo of tho orlglnnls, It is shown,
although deposited in Uio archives of
tho bolshovlkl, were required to be
returned later to representatives of
tho German general staff In Petrograd
that they might bo destroyed.
London Press Asserts Austria's Peace
Conference Is Cynical and
London. Tho Dally Mall, under tho
heading "Tho Word of Austria, but
tho Kaiser's Voice," says tho Austrian
Invitation to tho allies to open "a am
Qdentinl, nonblndlng discussion" of
peaco terms Is another form of tho old
German trick.
Tho Dally Telegraph soys: "Nego
tiations nt Uio present moment oven
though they brought temporary peaco
would only postpone the final strugglo
between might and right. So long as
tho kaiser and his pint-Germans direct
with Irresistible authority tho destinies
of Germnny bo long can thero bo no
question of an armlstlco or purely
academic negotiations. Tho noto Is dis
ingenuous, cynical, and Insincere an
attempt to dlvort tho entente powers
from n resolute prosecution of tho
The Austrian noto Is regarded in
this country ns n maneuver to obtain
needed breathing spoco for tho sorely
tried central omplrcs nnd to Impress
their own pcoplo with tho desires of
their rulers for a cessation of tho
struggle which Is wearing them to u
Undoubtedly It Is n part of n com
bined pence offenslvo which has been
expected for somo time, and which has
taken definite form within tho lust
few days. It Is ono of three moves
which havo been mado nlraost slmuN
tuneously by enemy states.
Paramount Duty to Aid Work of
Selective Boards.
Can Perform Great Service to Coun
try by Helping Work of ClasslfyleiB
Registrants Under the 8e
lectlvo Service Act
Provost Marshal General Crowder
has mndo public n communication ad
dressed to employers of labor nnd oth
er representatives of Industry through
out tho country concerning their shnro
of responsibility in tho classification
of tho now registrants under tho se
lective servlco act.
General Crowder says:
I have noticed, In tho general ex
prcsslonsvof tho public nttltudb which
reach this office, two frequent features
which load mo to tho present com
ments. Ono of theso features Is Uio
belief that the process of nwurdlng de
ferred classification to n registrant re
quires merely tho filling out of Uio
questionnaire, nnd thnt Uio selective
servlco boards will pcrcclvo the pro
priety of mnklng tho deferment, with
out tho nsslstnnco furnished by tho
registrant's formal claim Indicating
tho deferment desired. Tho other fea
ture Is tho employer's fnlluro to rcnl
Izo his responsibility to Intervene In
ntdlng tho board's determination, nnd
therefore to Inform himself fully on nil
tho considerations which should affect
tho decision as to deferment
1. As to tho first mentioned belief,
It must be pointed out that If It wcro
universally acted upon, tho process of
classification would bo seriously ham
pered nnd delayed. Someone must In
dlcnto that tho Individual caso Is ono.
which should arrest tho special atten
tion of the bonrds In respect to the reg
istrant's occupational status. Tho
boards do not possess a superhuman
Boards Will Make Examination,
Tho bonrds will do all that they pos-
Rlbly can, on their own Inltlntlve, to
reach a Just decision by n complete ex
amination of tho questionnaire, oven
where no claim Is oxprcssly made. A
registrant Is thereforo at liberty, If ho
sees fit, to trust to tho scrutiny of tho
bonrds to discover tho necessity for Ills,
Nevertheless, the bonrds will wol-
como nnd will need all tho aid thnt enn
be furnished by the Indication of a
claim mado for deferment With this
aid, tho process will become n slmplo
nnd speedy one.
2. Why should tho employer, or oth
er third person, In such cases, mnke
tho claim? Becnnso tho employer In
this situation represents the nation,,
becnuso (In tho statutory phrase)
"tho mnlntcnnnco of tho mllltnry es
tablishment or of nntlonnl Interest
during tho emergency" requires that
somo well-advised third person should
look after that nntlonnl Interest, which
tho registrant himself mny not havo
sufficiently considered.
It Is often forgotten thnt tho selec
tive draft Is only ono clement In tho
doplctlon of a particular Industry's
man-power. A second nnd Inrgo cle
ment Is found In the voluntnry with
drawals for enlistment; how largo this
Is may bo seen from tho clrcumstnnco
that tho total Inductions by draft havo
reached somo 2,000,000. while the total
enlistments In army and navy amount
to somo 1,400,000 nenrly three-quarters
as mnny. A third element very
lnrge, but unknown ns to Its pfcclso
extent, has boon tho transfer of lnbor
power from ono Industry to another,
nnmely, Into the distinctively war In
dustries offering tho inducement of
higher wnges. now rclntlvoiy stnMl,
In actual effect, has been tho effect of
tho soloctlyo draft Is seen' In tho fnct
that, for all tho occupations represent
ed In tho 8,700,000 classified regis
trants of January, 1018, tho percon
tago of tho cnUro Industrial popula
tion represented by tho class 1 regis
trants nmounted to only 0 per cent. It1
ran ns low ns 3 per cent for somo oc
cupations, nnd correspondingly higher,
for somo other occupations; but the
national average was only 0 per cent
Any notnbly larger depletion In partic
ular Industries must therefore hnvo
been due, pnrtly to enlistments, nnd In
probably greater degreo, to voluntnry
transfers Into other Industries.
Must Remember Nation's Needs.
These other Influences aro thereforo
to be kept In mind by cmployors nnd
others, In weighing tho question wheth
er tho best solution, In the national
Interest, Ib to nsk for tho deferment
of Individuals or groups of men. Such
deferments mny assist tho Immediate
situation In tho particular establish
ment; but they merely force tho army
and tho navy to seek elsewhere for tho
same number of men thus deferred. '
Tho quantitative needs of tho
military forces are known nnd Im
perative; and any given quantity of
deferments will ultimately have to bo
mado up by tho depletion of somo
other occupation, Thus It becomes
tho employer's duty to consider theso
aspects of deferment, In seeking that
solution of his own problem which best
comports with tho nntlonnl Interest.
The cessation of enlistments will
henceforth protect Industry against
one Irregular and uncontrollable
soured of derangement It will corre
spondingly throw upon tho selective
service system tho greater responsi
bility for an Intelligent nnd discrim
inating selection mado In tho light ot
Industrial groups of workers. To ful
fill this responsibility they must now
preparo thomsolves oven moro care
fully than hitherto. They will find
(ho boards heartily ready to co-operato
with them to tho utmost