The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, May 03, 1918, Image 9
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, MQRXii PlAZXE. WEBIASKA. DAIRY HERD CAN GIVE MORE MILK Make Improvement by Becoming Member of Co-Operative Bull Association. SUPERIOR SIRES ESSENTIAL Production Can Be Greatly Increased in Single Generation and Greater Ecoriomy Effected Scrub Worth More a Beef, (Prepared by the United Statea Depart ment of Agriculture.) Every dairy herd should produce the maximum of milk at the minimum of cost This is n war need produce more food nt the least cost pf feed. To do this the scrub bull .must go. The co-operative bull association has sound ed his death knell. No longer can he retard dairy development und hinder efficiency. By breeding to superior sires milk production can be greatly increased In n single generation and greater econ omy effected. It has been impossible for the 4,000,000 farmers who produce the bulk of this country's milk supply, but who own an average of less than 1 ten cows, to use bulls of high quality because of the greqt expense. By join ing a bull association any dulry farmer may own a share In an excellent pure bred bull nt n'cost far below that ordi narily paid for n scrub. The initial cost is smaller- and the malntainance cost ls(very much less. Scrub Bull Worth More ao Beef. Dairy bulls are Judged by their abil ity to Increase the production of their daughters over the dams. Scrub bulls can only decrease production thus jSp$Ktow8SBBBBBBBB&iisBK bbbbbsbI .- Good "Head" of the Herd. lowering the efficiency of the herd. Their harm Is not ended In one gen eration, but continues indefinitely. With beef at exceptionally high prices, sell the scrub bull, for his meat value far outweighs his dairy worth. A common practice for the farmer with a few cows Is to breed to the nenrest bull, regardless of breed, breeding, or conformation, and as n result dairy herd Improvement is slow. The cost of bull service also falls heavily on the commercial dairyman with a small herd, as bulls must be changed every two or three years to avoid Inbreeding. As a rule, therefore, he buys a bull calf from the nenreyt farmer who keeps the breed In which he Is Interested. Too often cost Is the first consideration. Too seldom is the bull purebred, and even then au thentic production records of his an cestors are not usually available. The result is lack of improvement. What a Bull Association Is. A co-operative bull association Is a farmer's organization whose purpose Is the Joint ownership, use, and ex change of three or more high-class, purebred bulls. The territory, cov ered by the association Is divided Into three or more breeding blocks, and a bull Is stationed in each block for the service of the CO to CO cowk In the block. Every two years the bulla are Interchanged. Thus, at small cost, a . bull for every 00 cows Is provided for six or more years. The cost of bull service Is thus greatly reduced, the best of bulls are obtained, and the man with limited means and only a few cows Is enabled to Improve his herd. Bulls of outstanding merit are pre served for their entire period of use fulness, Associations of this kind teach co-operation, encourage careful selection of cows and calves, Introduce better methods of feeding and man agement,. Intelligently fight Infectious diseases' of cattle, and assist In the marketing of dairy stock and dairy productions. Assistance In organiza tion may be obtained by writing to the Dairy Division, Bureau of Animal In dustry, United .States Department of Agriculture. One fact cited by the dairy special ists In support of theN co-operative bull association Is that about three-fourths of the 23,000;000 dairy cows in the United States are owned In herds of less than ten cows. The owners of these small herds In many cases can not afford to maintain purebred bulls, und for such owners the hull associa tion offers the only practical remedy for the poor quullty of dairy cattle. Through bull associations they can Im prove their cuttle and decreuse expense SUCCESSFUL GARDENS ON DIFFERENT SOILS Good Tilth and Abundance of Plant Food Are Important. Sandy Loam It Excellent, as It Warm Up Early In Spring and Enables Gardener to Get His Plants Into Ground Soon. t (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) GARDEN FOR EVERY FARM It Is particularly Important that every, farm have a well-cared-for garden this year to furnish ffcshN vegetables for home use, to reduce tho cost of living and to lucrense the na tion's food supply. The quantity of vegetables produced from the garden depends to a great extent upon Its location. Give the gar den the best site available. Soils In good tilth and well supplied with plant food produce the best gar dens. Successful garOens, however, can be grown on all kinds of soli from light sands to mucks and heavy clays. It Is often possible (o select a site with soil that will yield better results with less lubor4hnn nearby plats with less favorable soils. Good soil Is es sentlnl' to a successful garden, If the soil In the selected garden site is poor, it must be put Into good condition be fore satisfactory results can be ex pected. Even where the soil Is good to stnrt with. It will be necessary to spend considerable time In Improving it by cultivation and fertilization be fore It Is In first-class condition for the production of vegetables. A sandy loam Is' an excellent typo of garden soil. Snndy soils, as a rule, warm up earlier than others In the .spring, and ennble the gardener to plant his crops early. Soils too sandy dry out very rapidly and the crops are liable to suffer from drought. The lay of the land has considerable influence upon the time when the soil can be worked, and a gentle slope to ward the south or southeast Is most desirable for the production of early crops; It Is an advantage to have on the north and northeast a hill, a group of trees, some evergreens, a hedge, buildings, a tight board fence, or a stone wall In order to break tho force of the wind. Drainage Is Important Good drainage of the garden area Is of prime importance.' If this does not exist naturally, It may be sup plied by tillage or by artificial drains. Tho surface of the land should have sufficient fall to drain off surplus wa ter during henvy rains, but tho fall should not be so great that tho soli will be washed. On hillsides wash ing can bo overcome to n considerable extent by contouring the rows so ns to cause the rains to run off slowly. The gnrden should not contnln depressions In which water will accumulate or stand. If the surface Is Irregular, a little soil can be taken from high places and the low ones filled. Waste water from surrounding lnnd should not now toward the garden, and the fall below should be such that there will be no danger of It backing up. A garden site on the banks of a creek or stream that will he liable to over flow during the growing senson should not be selected If any other land can be had. A good fence around tho gnrden pint Is almost indispensable. It should protect the crops from all farm ani mals. Including poultry, and should be tight enough to keep out rnbhlts. The question of proximity to the iinuse Is of as great Importance In locating the garden ns flie character and contour o( the ground. In every case It should be as nenr as passible, so that the work of caring for the crops may he done nt odd times and the vegetables quickly secured by tho housewife. A kitchen garden located near the kitchen door is a convenience In thousands of homestends. It Is dc slrnble even where a separate larger garden Is utilized for the production of the mnln portion of the vegetable supply for tho family. , Importance of Sunlight. In selecting the location for tho garden and In planning the arrange ment of the crops, the gardener should understand that no amount of fertiliz er, watering and care will replace sun shine. Careful consideration should he given to how mnny hours n day any part of the proposed garden space is shnded. As n rule, foliage crops, such as lettuce, kale and spinach, do fnlry well In partial shade, but must have a minimum of three hours of sunshine a day. Plants which ripen fruits, such ns the tomato and egg plant, should have a minimum of five hours' sunshine each day. WAR FUEL SLOGANS (Prepnred by the United States D pnrtment of Agriculture.) Keep up with the war program burn wood. Cut a cord and help win the wnr. Save coal for munition Indus tries by burning wnr fuel. Now is the time to cut wood. Coal Is scarce there's "wood to burn." Wood is wartime fuel cut It and burn it Back aches? Stomach sen sitive? A little cough? No strength? Tire easily? All after effects of this dread mal ady. Yes, they are catarrhal Grip is a catarrhal disease. You cod never be well as long as catarrh remains in your sys tem, weakening your whole body with stagnant blood and unhealthy secretions. You Need PERUNA It's the one tonic for tho after effects of grip, because it is a catarrhal treatment of proved excellence. Take It to clear away all tho effects of grip, to tone tho digestion, clear up tho Inflammed membranes, regulate the bowels, and sot you on the highway to complete recovery. Perhaps one or more of your friends have found it valuable. Thousands of peoplo In every state have, and have told us of It, Many thousands moro have been helped at critical times by this reliable family medicine. tttfuti 1m U UUtt form fw jot cnrntnui TkaPsruos. Company, Columboi, Ohio LIZARDS AID SUGAR GROWERS Small Reptiles Most Important Help In the Destruction of Parasttea In West Indies. Lizard, farming and fungus cultlva tlon nro means ndoptcd In the West Indies to protect tho sugar Industry. It has been discovered Unit the frog hopper, so-called on account of Its great leaping powers, Is the greatest pest of tho sugar cone, nnd that It mul tiplies by thousands on single plants, sucking the sap from roots nnd leaves. In the last three or four years two remedies have been developed. P. W. Urich, n West Indian entomologist, has demonstrated that lizards devour great quantities of the Immature- hoppers; and J. II. Honrer, n United States my cologist, bus shown that spores of the fungus known ns "green muscnrdlne" are peculiarly fatal to the adults Ah part of the work to save tho cane, war has been begun In Trlnldnd, where the Investigation 1ms becri made, ngalnst the rapacious, mongoos, which has made llznrds scarce. In addition, hun dreds of lizards are collected in a pro tective enclosure, nnd nro encouraged to multiply under fnvorlng conditions of sand banks for burrows, with nn abundance of food and wnter. The fungus Is grown in test-tubo cabinets, which produce spores that nro dusted over the cane fields by special dis tributing machines. For ENOCH MORGAN'S SONS CO. PATRIOTISM Buy SAPOLIO For ECONOMY "Actions speak louder than words -Act" Dont Talk - Buy Now I BEST BUYERS"SELLERS ' cattle hogsamsheep STOCK YARDS-OMAHAi Disappointed. "What did you got out of that will case?" nskod the first lawyer. "A hundred nnd fifty thousand dol lars," replied tho second lawyer. "Good round sum, eh?" "Yes, but I thought tho old man left more than that", Easier Then. "Marjory, you must forftlvo your lit tle friends when they nro rude to you." "J do, mother; but I Blap, their faces first." Ulrmlnglnm Age-Herald. If men's faults wero , written on their foreheads they would never re move their hats. It doesn't pny to stick your nose Into other people's business unless you get a fee for so doing. coming to farmers from the ncn wheat fields oi Western Canada. Where you can feay feed f ana Umi 9 at $18 te $30 per acre and raise from 26 t 45 fewafeete ef $2 wheat to the acre it's easy to make money. Canada offers in her provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta 160 Acre Homesteads Free to Settlers and other land nt verv low oriccs. Thousands of farmers from tho U. S. or their sons are yearly taking advantage of this great opportunity. Wonderful yields also of Oats, Barley and Flax, mixes Farming is fully as profitable nn industry as grain raising. Good schools; markets convenient; climate excellent. Write for literature and particulars as to reduced railway rates to bupt. Immigration, Ottawa, Canada, or to W. V. BENNETT Room 4, Bee Bldg., Omaha. Neb. Canadian Government Aeon COLT DISTEMPER Tou can prevent this loathsome disease from running through your stnblo and cure all tho colts suffering with It when you begin the treatment. No matter how young. SI'OHN'S is safe to uso on any oolt. It Is wonderful how It prevents all distempers, no matter how colts or homos at any ago are "exposed." All Rood druggists and turf goods houses and manufacturers soli SI'OIIN'S at 60 cent and 1 a bottle: $5 and $10 a dozen. Sl'OHN MISDIOAIi CO., Mfrs., Guahea, lad., V, S. A. Rabbits Thrive Anywhere. Itnbblts thrive and do well In all parts of the country. ' Millions of Dollars Have Been Paid in Dividends to People Owning Stock in Packing Companies. If You Act at Once This Is Your Opportunity to Secure an Investment in the 8 Guaranteed, Preferred, Participating Stock of the SKinner Packing Company .u Omaha, U. S. A. At the Present Selling Prirafof $100 Per Share, This Stock Is Fully Participating in the Entire Profits of the Company and Is Preferred as to the First 8 Per Gent. v $420,000 of This Stock Subscribed for by Conservative Investors Within One Week 1 TL1 Is Architects' Drawing; of Oninliii'n Daylight Huon White Independent Packing Plant That the SKINNIUt PACKING COMPANY Will Erect On It 33-Acre Tract Juat South and West Of (he Present Syriy Plant Oa the South Side. This Company Is Organized on a High Grade Basis No Promotion Stock The 8 Guaranteed Preferred Participating Stock thut Is now offered, not only calls for tho first 8 dividend, but It Is .fully partici pating In the entire profits of the company. The above plant (the first unit of our operations), Is designed nnd equipped to handlo a dully killing capacity of 250 Cnttlc, 1,500 nogs, and GOO Sheep, and to handle nil of our by-products, from raw to finished commercial products. Wo will manufacture lard, sausage, smoked meats and animal stock foods from fertilizer and blood, nnd prepare all cuslngs and bones ready for marketing, and In addition, will manu facture an extensive line of food specialties, all under tho supervision und inspection of the United States Bureau of Animal Industry. Our cost system nnd operutlng end has been estlniuted by tho highest and most elllclent authorities In tho United States, and while our plans call for an estimated dally killing capacity of 1,500 Hogs, we have figured In our operation only 1,000 cnpnclty. Also our estimate is based on only 55 of the average yield of Cattle and 75 of the average yield of IXogs, and covers only 800 dnys' run throughout the year. We have a fixed charge In our cost of 0 on $2,500,000, besides liberal Hems In cost for depreciation In equipment, on plnnt, machinery and Insurance, etc. Every Item Is conservative und Included In the cost estimate. The Net Profit From the Operation of This Plant (the first unit), is Conservatively Estimated at $828,000 Per Annum, or More Than 30 Per Cent on Our Entire Capital Reference t Any Banll or Business Msn of Omaha or Council Bluffs SKinner PacKing' Company Omaha's Daylight Snow White Independent PacKing Plant Pinsnoisl Department .... Suite 912, First National Dank BlchJ., Omsba Executive Offices Suite 1400, First National Dank Bldg., Omaha Omaha Is the world's second largest live stock market; $192,000,000 of meat products were packed hero last year, which representH but 60 of the live stock shipped to this market. , There Is a great opening for a packing plant at Omaha operated under tli right management and conducted along business lines. Tho operation by the Skinner Packing Company of Omaha'n Daylight Snow White Independent Packing Plant, will retard the trans-shipment of live Btock at this point, -which will mean a great economic saving and a better market for shippers and producers. The operating end of the business will be In charge of an ofllclal, nationally known In the packing Iioubb Industry and with wide and valuable experience, The SKINNER PACKING COMPANY will mar2tet Us Specialty food products through the present nationally organized sales force of tho Skinner Manufacturing Company. SEND FOR FURTHER INFORMATION SKINNER PACKING COMPANY, Suite 912, First National Osnk Buildintf, OMAHA, U. S. A. I have $ to Invest feud without obligation on my part, would Uko to have you send mo detailed Information on your company. Name. Address.