The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, May 03, 1918, Image 9

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Make Improvement by Becoming
Member of Co-Operative Bull
Production Can Be Greatly Increased
in Single Generation and Greater
Ecoriomy Effected Scrub
Worth More a Beef,
(Prepared by the United Statea Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Every dairy herd should produce the
maximum of milk at the minimum of
cost This is n war need produce
more food nt the least cost pf feed.
To do this the scrub bull .must go. The
co-operative bull association has sound
ed his death knell. No longer can he
retard dairy development und hinder
By breeding to superior sires milk
production can be greatly increased In
n single generation and greater econ
omy effected. It has been impossible
for the 4,000,000 farmers who produce
the bulk of this country's milk supply,
but who own an average of less than
1 ten cows, to use bulls of high quality
because of the greqt expense. By join
ing a bull association any dulry farmer
may own a share In an excellent pure
bred bull nt n'cost far below that ordi
narily paid for n scrub. The initial cost
is smaller- and the malntainance cost
ls(very much less.
Scrub Bull Worth More ao Beef.
Dairy bulls are Judged by their abil
ity to Increase the production of their
daughters over the dams. Scrub bulls
can only decrease production thus
.- Good "Head" of the Herd.
lowering the efficiency of the herd.
Their harm Is not ended In one gen
eration, but continues indefinitely.
With beef at exceptionally high prices,
sell the scrub bull, for his meat value
far outweighs his dairy worth. A
common practice for the farmer with
a few cows Is to breed to the nenrest
bull, regardless of breed, breeding, or
conformation, and as n result dairy
herd Improvement is slow.
The cost of bull service also falls
heavily on the commercial dairyman
with a small herd, as bulls must be
changed every two or three years to
avoid Inbreeding. As a rule, therefore,
he buys a bull calf from the nenreyt
farmer who keeps the breed In which
he Is Interested. Too often cost Is
the first consideration. Too seldom is
the bull purebred, and even then au
thentic production records of his an
cestors are not usually available. The
result is lack of improvement.
What a Bull Association Is.
A co-operative bull association Is a
farmer's organization whose purpose
Is the Joint ownership, use, and ex
change of three or more high-class,
purebred bulls. The territory, cov
ered by the association Is divided Into
three or more breeding blocks, and a
bull Is stationed in each block for the
service of the CO to CO cowk In the
block. Every two years the bulla are
Interchanged. Thus, at small cost, a
. bull for every 00 cows Is provided for
six or more years. The cost of bull
service Is thus greatly reduced, the
best of bulls are obtained, and the man
with limited means and only a few
cows Is enabled to Improve his herd.
Bulls of outstanding merit are pre
served for their entire period of use
fulness, Associations of this kind
teach co-operation, encourage careful
selection of cows and calves, Introduce
better methods of feeding and man
agement,. Intelligently fight Infectious
diseases' of cattle, and assist In the
marketing of dairy stock and dairy
productions. Assistance In organiza
tion may be obtained by writing to the
Dairy Division, Bureau of Animal In
dustry, United .States Department of
One fact cited by the dairy special
ists In support of theN co-operative bull
association Is that about three-fourths
of the 23,000;000 dairy cows in the
United States are owned In herds of
less than ten cows. The owners of
these small herds In many cases can
not afford to maintain purebred bulls,
und for such owners the hull associa
tion offers the only practical remedy
for the poor quullty of dairy cattle.
Through bull associations they can Im
prove their cuttle and decreuse expense
Good Tilth and Abundance of
Plant Food Are Important.
Sandy Loam It Excellent, as It Warm
Up Early In Spring and Enables
Gardener to Get His Plants
Into Ground Soon. t
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
It Is particularly Important
that every, farm have a well-cared-for
garden this year to
furnish ffcshN vegetables for
home use, to reduce tho cost of
living and to lucrense the na
tion's food supply. The quantity
of vegetables produced from the
garden depends to a great extent
upon Its location. Give the gar
den the best site available.
Soils In good tilth and well supplied
with plant food produce the best gar
dens. Successful garOens, however,
can be grown on all kinds of soli from
light sands to mucks and heavy clays.
It Is often possible (o select a site
with soil that will yield better results
with less lubor4hnn nearby plats with
less favorable soils. Good soil Is es
sentlnl' to a successful garden, If the
soil In the selected garden site is poor,
it must be put Into good condition be
fore satisfactory results can be ex
pected. Even where the soil Is good
to stnrt with. It will be necessary to
spend considerable time In Improving
it by cultivation and fertilization be
fore It Is In first-class condition for
the production of vegetables.
A sandy loam Is' an excellent typo
of garden soil. Snndy soils, as a rule,
warm up earlier than others In the
.spring, and ennble the gardener to
plant his crops early. Soils too sandy
dry out very rapidly and the crops
are liable to suffer from drought.
The lay of the land has considerable
influence upon the time when the soil
can be worked, and a gentle slope to
ward the south or southeast Is most
desirable for the production of early
crops; It Is an advantage to have on
the north and northeast a hill, a group
of trees, some evergreens, a hedge,
buildings, a tight board fence, or a
stone wall In order to break tho force
of the wind.
Drainage Is Important
Good drainage of the garden area
Is of prime importance.' If this does
not exist naturally, It may be sup
plied by tillage or by artificial drains.
Tho surface of the land should have
sufficient fall to drain off surplus wa
ter during henvy rains, but tho fall
should not be so great that tho soli
will be washed. On hillsides wash
ing can bo overcome to n considerable
extent by contouring the rows so ns to
cause the rains to run off slowly. The
gnrden should not contnln depressions
In which water will accumulate or
stand. If the surface Is Irregular, a
little soil can be taken from high
places and the low ones filled. Waste
water from surrounding lnnd should
not now toward the garden, and the
fall below should be such that there
will be no danger of It backing up.
A garden site on the banks of a creek
or stream that will he liable to over
flow during the growing senson should
not be selected If any other land can
be had.
A good fence around tho gnrden pint
Is almost indispensable. It should
protect the crops from all farm ani
mals. Including poultry, and should
be tight enough to keep out rnbhlts.
The question of proximity to the
iinuse Is of as great Importance In
locating the garden ns flie character
and contour o( the ground. In every
case It should be as nenr as passible,
so that the work of caring for the
crops may he done nt odd times and
the vegetables quickly secured by tho
housewife. A kitchen garden located
near the kitchen door is a convenience
In thousands of homestends. It Is dc
slrnble even where a separate larger
garden Is utilized for the production
of the mnln portion of the vegetable
supply for tho family. ,
Importance of Sunlight.
In selecting the location for tho
garden and In planning the arrange
ment of the crops, the gardener should
understand that no amount of fertiliz
er, watering and care will replace sun
shine. Careful consideration should
he given to how mnny hours n day any
part of the proposed garden space is
shnded. As n rule, foliage crops,
such as lettuce, kale and spinach, do
fnlry well In partial shade, but must
have a minimum of three hours of
sunshine a day. Plants which ripen
fruits, such ns the tomato and egg
plant, should have a minimum of five
hours' sunshine each day.
(Prepnred by the United States D
pnrtment of Agriculture.)
Keep up with the war program
burn wood.
Cut a cord and help win the wnr.
Save coal for munition Indus
tries by burning wnr fuel.
Now is the time to cut wood.
Coal Is scarce there's "wood to
Wood is wartime fuel cut It
and burn it
Back aches? Stomach sen
sitive? A little cough? No
strength? Tire easily? All
after effects of this dread mal
ady. Yes, they are catarrhal
Grip is a catarrhal disease.
You cod never be well as long
as catarrh remains in your sys
tem, weakening your whole
body with stagnant blood and
unhealthy secretions.
You Need
It's the one tonic for tho after
effects of grip, because it is a
catarrhal treatment of proved
excellence. Take It to clear
away all tho effects of grip, to
tone tho digestion, clear up tho
Inflammed membranes, regulate the
bowels, and sot you on the highway
to complete recovery.
Perhaps one or more of your
friends have found it valuable.
Thousands of peoplo In every state
have, and have told us of It, Many
thousands moro have been helped
at critical times by this reliable
family medicine.
tttfuti 1m U UUtt form fw jot cnrntnui
TkaPsruos. Company, Columboi, Ohio
Small Reptiles Most Important Help
In the Destruction of Parasttea
In West Indies.
Lizard, farming and fungus cultlva
tlon nro means ndoptcd In the West
Indies to protect tho sugar Industry.
It has been discovered Unit the frog
hopper, so-called on account of Its
great leaping powers, Is the greatest
pest of tho sugar cone, nnd that It mul
tiplies by thousands on single plants,
sucking the sap from roots nnd leaves.
In the last three or four years two
remedies have been developed. P. W.
Urich, n West Indian entomologist, has
demonstrated that lizards devour great
quantities of the Immature- hoppers;
and J. II. Honrer, n United States my
cologist, bus shown that spores of the
fungus known ns "green muscnrdlne"
are peculiarly fatal to the adults Ah
part of the work to save tho cane, war
has been begun In Trlnldnd, where the
Investigation 1ms becri made, ngalnst
the rapacious, mongoos, which has
made llznrds scarce. In addition, hun
dreds of lizards are collected in a pro
tective enclosure, nnd nro encouraged
to multiply under fnvorlng conditions
of sand banks for burrows, with nn
abundance of food and wnter. The
fungus Is grown in test-tubo cabinets,
which produce spores that nro dusted
over the cane fields by special dis
tributing machines.
"Actions speak louder than
words -Act" Dont Talk - Buy Now
hogsamsheep STOCK YARDS-OMAHAi
"What did you got out of that will
case?" nskod the first lawyer.
"A hundred nnd fifty thousand dol
lars," replied tho second lawyer.
"Good round sum, eh?"
"Yes, but I thought tho old man left
more than that",
Easier Then.
"Marjory, you must forftlvo your lit
tle friends when they nro rude to you."
"J do, mother; but I Blap, their faces
first." Ulrmlnglnm Age-Herald.
If men's faults wero , written on
their foreheads they would never re
move their hats.
It doesn't pny to stick your nose
Into other people's business unless
you get a fee for so doing.
coming to farmers from the ncn wheat fields oi
Western Canada. Where you can feay feed f ana Umi 9
at $18 te $30 per acre and raise from 26 t 45 fewafeete
ef $2 wheat to the acre it's easy to make money. Canada
offers in her provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta
160 Acre Homesteads Free to Settlers
and other land nt verv low oriccs. Thousands of
farmers from tho U. S. or their sons are yearly taking
advantage of this great opportunity. Wonderful yields
also of Oats, Barley and Flax, mixes Farming is
fully as profitable nn industry as grain raising. Good
schools; markets convenient; climate excellent.
Write for literature and particulars as to reduced
railway rates to bupt. Immigration, Ottawa,
Canada, or to
Room 4, Bee Bldg., Omaha. Neb.
Canadian Government Aeon
Tou can prevent this loathsome disease from running
through your stnblo and cure all tho colts suffering with
It when you begin the treatment. No matter how young.
SI'OHN'S is safe to uso on any oolt. It Is wonderful how
It prevents all distempers, no matter how colts or homos
at any ago are "exposed." All Rood druggists and turf
goods houses and manufacturers soli SI'OIIN'S at 60 cent
and 1 a bottle: $5 and $10 a dozen.
Sl'OHN MISDIOAIi CO., Mfrs., Guahea, lad., V, S. A.
Rabbits Thrive Anywhere.
Itnbblts thrive and do well In all
parts of the country. '
Millions of Dollars Have Been Paid in Dividends to People Owning Stock in Packing Companies.
If You Act at Once This Is Your Opportunity to Secure an Investment in the 8
Guaranteed, Preferred, Participating Stock of the
SKinner Packing Company
.u Omaha, U. S. A.
At the Present Selling Prirafof $100 Per Share, This Stock Is Fully Participating in the Entire Profits of the Company and Is Preferred
as to the First 8 Per Gent. v
$420,000 of This Stock Subscribed for by Conservative Investors Within One Week
TL1 Is Architects' Drawing; of Oninliii'n Daylight Huon White Independent Packing Plant That the SKINNIUt PACKING COMPANY Will Erect
On It 33-Acre Tract Juat South and West Of (he Present Syriy Plant Oa the South Side.
This Company Is Organized on a High Grade Basis No Promotion Stock
The 8 Guaranteed Preferred Participating Stock thut Is now offered, not only calls for tho first 8 dividend, but It Is .fully partici
pating In the entire profits of the company.
The above plant (the first unit of our operations), Is designed nnd equipped to handlo a dully killing capacity of 250 Cnttlc, 1,500 nogs,
and GOO Sheep, and to handle nil of our by-products, from raw to finished commercial products. Wo will manufacture lard, sausage, smoked
meats and animal stock foods from fertilizer and blood, nnd prepare all cuslngs and bones ready for marketing, and In addition, will manu
facture an extensive line of food specialties, all under tho supervision und inspection of the United States Bureau of Animal Industry.
Our cost system nnd operutlng end has been estlniuted by tho highest and most elllclent authorities In tho United States, and while our
plans call for an estimated dally killing capacity of 1,500 Hogs, we have figured In our operation only 1,000 cnpnclty. Also our estimate is
based on only 55 of the average yield of Cattle and 75 of the average yield of IXogs, and covers only 800 dnys' run throughout the year.
We have a fixed charge In our cost of 0 on $2,500,000, besides liberal Hems In cost for depreciation In equipment, on plnnt, machinery
and Insurance, etc. Every Item Is conservative und Included In the cost estimate.
The Net Profit From the Operation of This Plant (the first unit), is Conservatively
Estimated at $828,000 Per Annum, or More Than 30 Per Cent on Our Entire Capital
Reference t Any Banll or Business Msn of Omaha or Council Bluffs
SKinner PacKing' Company
Omaha's Daylight Snow White Independent PacKing Plant
Pinsnoisl Department .... Suite 912, First National Dank BlchJ., Omsba
Executive Offices Suite 1400, First National Dank Bldg., Omaha
Omaha Is the world's second largest live stock market; $192,000,000 of meat products
were packed hero last year, which representH but 60 of the live stock shipped to this
market. ,
There Is a great opening for a packing plant at Omaha operated under tli right
management and conducted along business lines. Tho operation by the Skinner Packing
Company of Omaha'n Daylight Snow White Independent Packing Plant, will retard the
trans-shipment of live Btock at this point, -which will mean a great economic saving and
a better market for shippers and producers.
The operating end of the business will be In charge of an ofllclal, nationally known
In the packing Iioubb Industry and with wide and valuable experience,
The SKINNER PACKING COMPANY will mar2tet Us Specialty food products through
the present nationally organized sales force of tho Skinner Manufacturing Company.
Suite 912, First National Osnk Buildintf,
I have $ to Invest feud without
obligation on my part, would Uko to have you send
mo detailed Information on your company.