The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, April 19, 1918, Image 3
f - j Helping the Mert and Milk Supply "! (Special Information Service, United Stutea Department of Agriculture.) DOGS THREATEN NEEDED INCREASE IN SHEEP Dog-Tight Inclosures In Which Sheep Arc Horded at Night Offer On Way to Reduce Lowes. HOW 00G LOVERS CAN SAVE SHEEP Owners of Canines Can Aid by Supporting Fair State Laws Regulating Menace. BIG HINDRANCE TO INDUSTRY Most 8erloua Loss Is Fact That Farm era Aro Kept From Engaglna In ' Sheep Business Dog-Proof Fences Described. Thousands of shep ore ruthlessly killed every year by dogs. The mone tary loss of more than a million dollars a year to sheep owners does not cover the most serious aspect of the damage. The fact that the dog menace keeps many farmers from engaging In the sheep business, even at this time when there are urgent demands for more wool and meat, Is the most serious result which may be attributed to sheep-killing dogs. Specialists of the United States department' of agricul ture are urging cfllclent state .legisla tion as one of the best ways to deal with the sheep-kllllng dor problem. Dog-proof fences also are described and advocated in a recent publication of the department of agriculture deal ing with this subject, i'The Sheep-Klll-Ing Dog," Farmers' Bulletin 935. Hindrance to Industry. That dogs are a real hindrance to the sheep industry la not only ac claimed by tho testimony of thousands of sheep owners but is. verified by actual conservative statistics. An In vestigation by the United States de partment of agriculture among sheep owners in 15 states east of the Rocky mountains shows that out of a total of 0,830,492 sheep in the 002 counties reporting, 114,683 were killed by dogs in one year 1918 and paid for by the counties. At the same rate of loss in other farm states the total annual de struction of sheep by dogs would be 107,700 head. But these figures are based only upon the number actually paid for, and specialists of the United States department of agriculture say it Is more than probable that the true losses far exceed this. It is known that many Bhcep are killed which are never reported to the county ofllcluls. Sheep-kllllng dogs work both singly and in groups, but usually In twos or threes. They do not limit their at tacks to the flocks' of the Immediate vicinity In which they are kept, but travel for miles in all directions, spreading destruction In the flocks with which they come in contact. Be cause their work is so often done un der cover of darkness it Is almost Im possible to catch them In the act of worrying sheep, hence they can seldom be positively Identified. The ways In which different dogs attack and de stroy sheep vary greatly. Some dogs Blmpl'y kill one or two In n Hock, while others continue to attack until' all the sheep are either destroyed or crippled. In many cases where lurge numbers are killed they nre neither bitten nor wounded but simply chased until they die from exhaustion, After u dog bus once formed a habit of kill ing sheep It seemingly becomes a mania with hlin and he Is seldom, if ever, broken of It. lie not only de stroys sheep himself but leads other dogs to tlie work. No consideration should be given such dogs; they should he killed as soon as their liublts are known. Rehabilitating Industry. , The desirability of a' maximum In crease in the number of sheep Is gen erally admitted and steps now nre being taken townrd n rehabilitation of the sheep Industry. But It Is recog. ntred that one of the most effective means of Insuring the farmer u profit on sheep Is to mako mill tnfnrco laws which adequately protect the fnniiurH' flock, but In most of tlfu slates the present doir tuu-ii full In tliulr purpose. In the publication mentioned In a provlous paragraph the federal special ists describe the need of uniform legis lation and outline a suggested state dog law. CANINES KEEP MANY FROM GROWING SHEEP 5 Crop reporters In 80 farm ft $ states submitted estimates in ft 1913 which showed that the ft $ number of shesp In those states could be increased ICO per cent ft without displacing other five ft stock. Such an Increase would ft place approximately 34,000,000 ft ? rabre sheep In these states than there are now. Of 1,411 an- x J swers received to the Question as to whether sheep raising is ft profit&blo in the farm states, ft $ 887 answered 'TTes." Of 804 $ ft answers as to the causes pre- ft venting increase is the numbers $ ft of sheep 531 said "Dogs." ft FENCE PROOF AGAINST VARIOUS QUADRUPEDS Here are the specifications for a dbg and coyote-proof fence which has been designed and tried out by the forest service of the United States depart ment of agriculture: Posts 7 feet in length, set 2 feet fn the ground and 10 feet apart; a barbed wire stretched fiat to the surface of the ground; 3 Inches higher a 30-lnch woven wire fence having a 4-inch triangular triesh ; n k - H H'-W H H X M - X X K K M Government Fence. 5 Inches higher n barbed wire; 0 inches higher n second barbed wire; 7 inches above- this a third barbed wire. Total height 57 Inches. The farmer who does not object to placing his ltock iu n corral each night may eliminate the necessity for building dog-proof fences around his farm by Inclosing a small area with such n fence and making a practice of placing his flock therein at night. Help Save Sheep. The dog rightfully holds a strong place In the minds and affections of men. The owner of a good dog finds in him a most faithful friend. But it sometimes happens that the dog most highly esteemed is iiIho one that kills and worries the most sheep and is the most cunning In obscuring the evi dences of his guilt. A well-bred dog's habit of lying Innocently asleep in the front yard during tho daytime is not proof that the same dog does not kill sheep at night. Because of the eco nomic loss occasioned by sheep-kllllng dogs, and because such dogs bring the whole of their kind into bad repute, the true admirers and friends of this animal should help to further any steps likely to result In the limitation of the activity of these discrediting members of a noble race. One of the most practicable methods of accom plishing this result seems to be to place upon dogs sue tax as will re duce the number of superfluous one and result In fewer being kept by per sons who cannot or will not give thein the attention necessary to prevent the formation of habits and associations that lead to sheep killing. X H X H M H H H X THE 8EM1-W XL.V TM1MUNK, SHERLEY FOR BUDGET SYSTEM f ' 1 II mm i.. as tho representatives of the people, must spend to tho last of nil that tho people have, If necessary, to save tho people themselves. "But, granting nil that, there Is ns muclf need now as there ever was for a reform in our system of appropriating the money of tho pcoplo for expend iture by the executive officers of the government. There Is moro need now for such reform because of the very magnitude of tho war finances. And tho principles of the budget system apply as well to tho allotment of the huge sums of today as they do to the smaller sums of the normal period." j DIRECTOR OF PROPAGANDA An American propaganda cam paign of world-wide extent, having for its purpose tho spreading among the neutrals of tho truth about America's rolo in the war, the Informing of the people of Germany of whnt tho Unit ed States Is flghUng for, and lastly, and most Important, bolstering up the morale of our allies by n thorough knowledge of what this nation Is doing and plans to do to help them, has been undertaken by Arthur Woods, police commissioner of New York under the administration of Mayor John .Purroy Mltchel. The propaganda is to coun teract the sinister effects of German lies and machinations all over the world, and Mr. Woods will act in har mony with the committee on public in formation, of which George Creel Is chairman. In directing American propaganda outside tho United. Stntes Mr. Woods will have tho opportunity of Infusing the American spirit into places where it is needed. To tho French and tho Italian people will bo told thfi true story of whnt America is doing and will do, and what are her purposes, and In this way his task will be to counteract tho influences of the German propaganda. England, as a whole, has been felt! to be somewhat more conversant with America's rolo than tho other allies, a fact which may be attributed to the common language of the two people. RECTOR DEEP ning was horn In Kngland In 1800, but came to tho United States when a boy of ten, uud Is an American citizen. In 1003 hu came to New York as vicar of St. Agnes' chapel of Trinity parish In West Ninety-second street. Tho follow ing year he was elected assistant rector, and upon the death of Rev. Dr. Morgan Dlx in 1908 he succeeded to tho rectorship of Trinity. JACKUNG HAS BIG JOB , When the government decided that $90,000,000 should be expended for the erection of explosives plants t felt It showed it should be shown where and how the money was spent. So It called for Daniel Cownn .Tackling and lie re sponded from the Pacific coast. liaised In Missouri, Dan .Tackling Is the very essence of the "show-me" Nspirlt, and when asked by the war de partment to take charge of the build ing of these plants le consented. lie was born In Appleton county, Missouri, in 1S09, where "lie spent his early school days, llo took up tlunUud.v of metallurgical engineering at the Missouri School of Mines. In 1892 he took a post-graduato course and be cause of his thorough knowledge of the subject was mp.de assistant profes sor of chemistry and metallurgy. Ills first big accomplishment was In 1897, when he wus appointed super intendent In charge of the construction work of the Immense metallurgical plants of the Consolidated Mercury Gold mines In Utnh. For three years ho wus engaged In building und operating these plants, hut In 1900 he resigned to take up general work. During tho next three years he figured In various Important consultation, construction und operating cnpncltles In tho states of Washington, Colorado ond Utah. Mr. Jackllng bus held moro vice presidencies and general managerships tirobnbly than any other one man In tho mining Industry. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA. Is there need now, as In tho days of pence, for a reform budgetary sys tem of national flnnnco for tho United States government? Representative Swagar Shorley of Kentucky says yes. no is tho chairman of tho houso com mlttco on appropriations, one of tho big flnnnco experts of congress, and ho has been a budget advocato during tho greater part of tho 10 years ho has been a member of the national legisla ture. "I am not blind to tho fact," he said the other day In tho course of an Interview, "that there must bo and should be n wide distinction between tho spending policy of tho nation in time of pence and Its policy in time of wnr. Under normal conditions wo should consider every expenditure with reference, to whether it is worth tho burden it puts upon tho people. In time of war there is" only ono side to that vital question. In time of wnr we, IN WAR WORK Dr. William T. Manning, rector of Trinity parish in New York, said to be the largest and wealthiest parish In tho world, who aligned himself with the forces opposed to the appenranco in New York of Dr. Karl Muck, direc tor of the Boston Symphony orchestra, has been an active figure In patriotic movements since the beginning of tho war. no wns one of the strongest supporters of the allied cause, it Is said, between the outbreak of the war and Amerlcn's entry Into It, and was particularly prominent In the move ment of protest against the Belgium deportations in the winter of 1010. lie wns an advocate of conscription long before that measure was adopted. Since last December he has been serving as voluntary chaplain at Camp Upton. Ills term expired the first week In Murch, but at tho request of Upton officers lie Is to continue at his post In the cantonment. Doctor Man The Housewife and the War Spclal Information Servlc. United States Dpartmnt of Agriculture.) SPRING GREENS GOOD TO EAT, GOOD FOR BODY It Takes Half a Bushel of Spinach Has Valuable Iron and Mineral GREENS GOOD TO MAKE RED BLOOD Housewife Should Not Overlook Dandelion, Lamb's-Quarter or Wild Mustard. IRON NEEDED FOR THE BODY Leaves of Various Vegetables Furnish Another Useful Substance Not Yet Named Cream of Dandelion Soup Recipe. It Is springtime 1 Don't neglect to give your family some good old-fashioned greens. If you live In n largo city, you may have to depend upon the greens which some country woman brings to market or upon spinach or kale, which can usually be bought even in winter. If you live In the country, perhnps your Instinct has already told you that the tender green leaves of the dandelion, lumb's-quarter, wild mustard, or whatever variety of greens your locality affords are waiting for someone to gather them for food. Pcoplo from primitive times tn this have manifested a craving for green food as winter passes and springtime approaches. Probably this craving arises from a real need of our bodies for the materials which such foods furnish. Iron Is Essential. What Is the particular' uso of sucL foods to our bodies? All green lcavet contain In combination with the greet, coloring matter more or less Iron. Tf we are to have rich, red blood wo must furnish this Iron to our bodies. Dandelion greens are one of the very good sources of Iron, containing, more than many other sorts of green leaves. If we serve greens with hard-boiled egg for garnish, we have u dish very rich in iron, for tho egg yolk con tributes Its share. Besides the iron and other mineral raits, the leaf vegetables contain a very Jmportaut substance which tho body must have for normal growth and development. This substance, recently discovered and for which n name hits not yet been given, Is also found in butterfat and some other animal fats, but not in every food. Greens have a plnce of real worth In the diet and should be used In every household not only In springtime but late Into the 'summer and, when pro curable, In the -winter also. Tho tender beet tops, celery tops, radish tops, onion tops, and turnip tops ehould not be discarded, but served as greens. A llttlo space In the garden devoted to spinach, New Zealand spin ach, or French chard will supply the family with summer greens and also should afford some material for can ning for use during the winter months, Lettuce leaves, which nro some times cooked for greens, and splmich, both being mild flavored and contain ing much water, require no water for cooking in addition to that which clings to the loaves from wnshliig. Other Htronger-fluvored greens urn usually cooked In a smull amount of water. Greens should be cooked until tender, but not overcooked. A tiny bit of baking soda added to the water they are cooked In will help the greens to retain their color. In tho country where meat Is cured at home, it used to he tho custom to keep the Jowl of the hog for the espe cial purpose of cooking It with greens In the spring. If (he Jowl Is not ut bund, a small ploeo of salt pork or the rind from smoked bacon gives rlchnuss und flavor when cooked with greens. Children should he encouraged to cat greens, us they especially need the Iron and tho growth-promoting sub stance which greens furnish. Some times they object to the slightly bitter taste which some greens have, but if innde Into milk soups, tho flavor Is diluted tin that It is not noticeable. to Make a Pint of Food, but That Pint Salts Whloh Human Oodles Need, Such soups mnko n desirable lunch or supper dish for tho entire family. Cream of Dandelion Soup. 1 quart milk (Hk!m or 2 tablcapoonfuls fat whole). 1 tcoapoonful salt 2 tablespoon fuls flour 1 cupful dandelion leaves that hav been thoroughly cooked. Stir flour Into melted fat and mix with cold milk. Put the thoroughly cooked dandelion leaves through a sieve or chop them flue and add to the milk. SUr until thickened. Rice a La South Carolina. No food, regardless of its merits, will appeal to tho consumer unless It can bo mado Into an attractive dish. In this country rico usually comes to tho table as an uninviting, glutinous mass, except in certain sections of the South ern states, where It is served with each grain distinct and separate, making a very tempting and appetizing dish. A platter heaped with loose, flaky ker nels of rico is not only pleasing to the eye, but satisfying to the npctlte. It is very probhblo that the attractive np pearnnco of tills dish on the South Carolina table has had much to do with the popularity and usefulness of rico In that state. In seeking Information on the art of cooking rice, no mistake Is made In re ferring to South Carolina, where the true value of this cereal has been ap preciated for over two centuries. A Carolina housewife would advlsa the using .of one pint of rico, after thor ough washing, which sho considers Im portant, "to a quart and a pint of wa ter," and a tcaspoonful of common salt "This is to bo boiled over a quick fire for ten minutes, stirring occasion ally. Then pour off all or nearly all the water; cover tho veaecl and put over a very slow fire, and allow It to stenro for 10 minutes at least, Btlrrlng occasionally. The rice will be soft or grainy, according to tho quantity of water left on It when put to steam, and tho length of time allowed In the steaming. Tho larger tho quantity of water and the shorter the steaming, tho softer will bo th.o rice." Of course, other methods are used In boiling rice or nt least modifications of the recipe given, hut it must be re membered that the results should not be a glutinous, mass and thnt success depouds upon tho proper amount of water uspd and tho length of time In steaming. Protect Food In Lunches. The precautions which must bo taken to keep lunches clcun and safe differ with clrcumstnnces. In dusty sensons they should be wrapped par ticularly well. In hot weather tho use of Boft, moist foods In which molds and bacteria arc most likely to grow rapidly should be avoided. Although chopped meat moistened with a dress ing of Roiiio kind makes n good sand wich filling, such foods nre less desir able in hot weather than slices of meat, peanut butter, or other foods less lia ble to spoil. $ USE A LITTLE VINEGAR H IN CLEANING GREENS All greens must be picked over carefully and carefully washed. This Is sometimes a long process, for u largo quan tity Is required to mnke a dish of the cooked greens. It takes ahout a half, bushel of spinach to make a little more than a pint when cooked. A hnlf cup ful of vinegar In the water In which the greens nre allowed to tttund before washing Is of ad vuntngo ns it kills the small In sects that are sometimes hard to distinguish from the leaves themselves. When buying cooking utensils choose those with round comers, In stend of sqnure, whenever possible They tiro easier to keep clean. Aprons mado of crostilmr pattern cun be easily mended without tho pntih showing.