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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 2, 1917)
THE 8Em. EEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEDRA8KA.
;RAISE CALF ON WHOLE MILK
Various Supplements Which May Br
Combined to Lower Coot of Ration
Skim Milk Economical.
(By U. S. HULCE and V. B. NEVENS.
Illinois Agricultural Experiment Sta-
Raising tho dairy cnlf on whole milk
nlone is too expensive. Thcro nro a
number of supplements which mny bd
combined with whole milk in order to
lower the cost of the ration. Thq
feeds most commonly used as whole
milk supplements are skim milk, home-i
mixed meals, commercial calf meals,
and hay and grain.
On farms whore skim milk is nvnll-;
nble, it may ho substituted for whole'
mllk In the ration of a healthy calf;
when the animal Is three or four weeks
of ape, n few days being necessary to
Whole Milk Age (Holsteln).
complete the change. If the skim
milk is fed in a warm, sweet condition,
ordinarily no difficulties will be ex
perienced. Tho amount of skim milk
fed may bf. increased as the calf In
creases in size, but it is rarely neces
sary to fed more than , 15 pounds
dally, provided grain and a good qual
ity of legume hay is being used. Where,
the supply of skim milk will permit, it
Is advisable to continue its use until
the animal Is five or six months of ago
in the case of grades, nnd for a longer
period in the case of purebreds. Skim
milk is one of tho most economical
feeds known for producing grpwth in
WORK OF MILKING MACHINES
TeBt Made by United States Depart
ment of Agriculture In Dairy
Regions of Many States.
The United States department of ag
riculture has put out a bulletin on
milking machines. They made studies
in dairy regions in New York, Michi
gan, Ohio and Illinois. They found
that in herds of 15 cows or less tho
average time required to milk a cow
by hand Is a fraction over seven min
utes, nnd by machine a fraction under
live minutes. In herds of 50 cows tho
average time required Is seven min
titos, but by machine just a little more
than four minutes.
The cost per year to milk a cow in a
herd of 15 cows or less is $10.91 by
hand, and $10.45 when the herd num
bered 50 cows or more. With machines
the cost waa $11.75 per cow in herds of
15 cows or Jess, against $7.34 per cow
per year with 50cows or more in tho
In computing these figures, a total
of 150 farms were investigated. Inter
est on the investmentj the value of
gas and oil, the cost of repairs, de
preciation nnd labor were all consid
ered. SCOURS IN YOUNG ANIMALS
Generally Result of Overfeeding or
Use of Unclean Utensils Best
to Reduce Feed.
Scours In our nnlmals is generally
the result of overfeeding or feeding
from unclean troughs or buckets, or
from feeding food that Is stale. Milk
fed to calves should either always bo
stveot, or always be sour. If It Is one
thing one time and the other tho next,
it will result In scours.
Tho buckets should be as cnrefnlly
scalded out as are the palls in which
tho milking Is dooe.
Musty or bin-burned grain should not
bo fed, particularly to young animals.
When tho calf gets too much milk
or the young pig gets too much feed,
we have scours, possibly thumps In
The best remedy is to reduce 'the
amount of feed, cltm up tho troughs
and buckets, ncrt. give a good dose of
castor oil. Two ounces Is a dose for a
calf, and from a tempoonful to a des
sertspoonful to a srCwlng pig, accord
ing to its size.
(DRYING OF DAIRY UTENSILS
Process Equally as Important as Thor
ough Cleaning- Especially in
Much emphasis baa been laid upon
thorough cleaning. Off dairy utensils,
nnd rightly so, but the process of dry
ing Is equally as Important hi warm
w'uather. Drying sliould not be done
with a cloth, but bf heating the uten
sils in hot wator, steam or oven suffi
ciently to evaporate moisture,,
TRAP NESTS FAVORED
Excellent Plan to Keep Flock
Culled of Drones.
Device Prevents Two or Moro Hens
' on Nest at Same Time Summer
Troubles With Broody Fowls
Are Greatly Lessened.
(By A. F. HUNT. Jit.)
I'oultrymen who have never handled
tho individual hen as a unit, hut Judge
the matter wholly by the records of
flocks as a whole, have frequently
claimed and have found apparent
Toason to support the claim, that the
typo of hen which lays well In winter
is not the typo that lays well In sum-
!mer; but trap nests records of Hocks
that have been completely handled
for eggs nil through the year do not
support that theory. The hen that
does not lay freely and profitably In
summer when properly handled, docs
not, ns a rule, show up on tho trap
nest records as having laid remarkably
well, either the previous or following
winter. There nro exceptions, of
course, but they are relatively few. It
Is a most excellent Idea to keep the
'stock carefully culled' of drones and
moderate layers, all the time, summer
and winter. It Is the "persistent
layer' 'that pays the year 'round pro
fit in market eggs, and she Is the true
."lnylng-type" that trap-nesters count
upon to perpetuate the prolific-laying
habit in their stock.
Summer lias its own peculiar condi
tions that antagonize egg production,
nnd the prollts are shrunken unless the
"strictly fresh egg" Is always In de
mand, hut eggs which are allowed to
remnln In a hot nest, covered by sun
dry hens that visit the nest through
out the day, lose considerable of their
freshness by night; whether the
eggs are to be Incubated, marketed
soon, or held In storage for future
marketing, theh quality has been low
ered. Trap-nesters remove the eggs
from the nests from three to five times
during tho day; as a rule the trap nest
Is an Individual nest, und the layers
,nro not able to crowd two, three or
more at once upon a nest of eggs, ocr
Iheatlng eggs and hens, both, as Is fre
quently the case whore the ordinary
'box nest Is used.
Then, again, trap-nesters have found
by experience that summer troubles
with broody hens are greatly lessened
by judiciously handling the nests. The
.frequent handling of tho layers and
prompt removal from the nest seems
to diminish their brooding Inclinations,
'and they are more easily "broken up"
'when they do become broody. Many
'persistent layers in the incubating
breeds do not become broody at all
'when using tho trap nests, but con
tinue to lay .right through tho summer.
'"Egg-eating Is a vice practically un-
Trap Nest With Trigger Set.
known where these nests are used," is
tho report of many who have had long
experience with good trap nests.
It Is an Interesting fact that quite
n number of the most successful trap
nesters Installed and began to use trap
nests during tho summer months. By
fall they had become quite familiar
with their use, and were in a position
to exercise good judgment In trap
nesting nnd culling the pullets, and
the yearling hens through the molting
period. It will be found that the great
layers are remarkable for n tendency
to molt without apparent loss of
vigor, nnd they will continue to lay
during a considerable portion, or the
whole, of that period.
It certainly Is an excellent plan to
get the trap nests Installed during the
summer months, become familiar with
handling them without loss of time,
and then one Is prepared to start tho
new generation of layers upon the
SILOS OF MUCH IMPORTANCE
Complement of Buildings on Dairy
Farm Is Considered Ono of
The value of corn sllago as n feed
for dairy cows has been so well dem
onstratcd and so thoroughly proven by
the practical dairymen of every com
munity that the farm on which dairy
products are prodixwi in -sty volume
which does not include a silo In Its
complement of buildings is rare In
AVOID STORING DAMP GRAIN
Farmer Should Not Indulge In Prac
tice Unless He Has Ample Facil
ities for "TutT,rQ."
Do not store damp grain or hay un
less you have adequate facilities for
frequent "turning;" otherwise they are
likely to go out of condition.
rew farmers realize now small a
percentage of moisture will cause nth
ei-wlse good grain or hay to heat and
GARBAGE TO HOGS AND HENS
Immense Quantity of Wasto Accumu
lates In Cities It Should Be Utl
Ilzcd on Farms.
(By B. H. WILLIAMS, University of Ari
Garbage varies Greatly In Its com
position, wholesomeness, nnd feeding
qualities. Table garbage Is usually
or a concentrated nature, and If used
In the fresh condition makes a snlen-
dld food for hogs and chickens. At
lenst one hen and one-tenth of a hog
may bo half fed from the garbage left
from an average person. In cities this
waste accummulates very rapidly, but
there Is an Immense nnnntltv of It.
and It should be utilized for productlvo
purposes. The amount of garbago
from hotels and restaurants Is very
great, and stockmen should nrrange to
feed It to nnlmals. Oarbuge may be
fed alone, but It Is hotter to glye It to
hogs along with a smaller quantity of
grains and alfalfa pasture. Clean
table scraps will make good hog feed
alone. It Is Important, however, to
keep the garbage clean and feed It
fresh, for garbage polsonlnir Is very
common In hog feeding.
CONVENIENT TROUGH FOR PIG
Placed Underneath Fence, With Gate
That Will Swing Just Clear Ar
rangement 13 Handy.
The man w,ho slops his hogs will find
this simple arrangement lndtspensn
able after ho has given It one tryout.
Hulld the device In the fence of your
Handy Hog Trough.
hog lot. For the top use n two by six
or two by eight plank.
Place the trough Immediately under
neath, and then mnke the gate so that
It will Just swing clear. The strap
Iron shown is shaped so that it will fit
In the trough nnd lock the hogs out or
allow them access to the trough.
PROVIDE FOR SEED SUPPLY
While It Appears That There Will Bo
Plenty If Properly Distributed
Best to Plan Ahead,
While It appears that there will ba
plenty of good seed winter whent, seed
winter rye nnd seed of other fall
sown crops If tho available sup
ply Is properly distributed, everyone
who Is contemplating sowing an ncre
oge of these crops this fall should
provide for his seed supply as soon as
possible. It will he neccssnry to ship
seed wheat Into those sections where)
the wheat winter-killed badly. In oth
er sections which produced a good
crop, the best of that crop should bo
conserved cither on tho farms or In
country elevators to meet the local and
distant demands for seed purposes. If
this precaution Is taken there will ho
no need of sowing wheat, procured at
tho last minute, which, though of com
mercial value for milling, fowling or
other Industrial purposes, Is unfit for
use ns seed.
TO KEEP FLIES FROM STOCK
Ointments and Sprays Recommended
by Colorado Expert for Protec
tion of Farm Animals.
(By GEOROE II. GLOVE II, Colorado Ag
rlcultural Colloue, Fort Collins.)
There Is nothing that will keep flies
entirely nway from cattle but any ono
of the following mixtures will bo
One pound rancid lard ; one-half phit
kerosene apply with the hands or
Three parts fish oil; one part kero
sene apply with small spray pump.
Two parts cottonseed oil, or fish oil ;
one part pine tar apply with largo
Two ounces pennyroyal; one quart
of olive or rape oil apply with brush.
In case of the horn flay, pine tar or
crude oil may be plastered around tho
base of the horns or used somewhat
diluted over tho head and shoulders.
DESTROY HESSIAN FLY PEST
Necessary Precautions and Proper
Manuring Should Be Looked After
Careful manuring nnd proper pre
cautions against the Hcsslnn fly
should he looked after this fall If wo
are to do everything possible to avojd
another short wheat crop.
Plenty of barnyard manure, and
clover, alfalfa, or some other legume
in rotation furnish the nitrogen that
wheat needs most cheaply, hut lime,
phosphorus, nnd potash must some
times be added In other ways.
TIMOTHY HAY IS PREFERRED
Calves Will Begin to Nibble When Only
Few Days of Ago If Feed Ic
Within Easy Reach.
When only n few days of ago thci
calves will begin to nibble hay if It Js
It Is preferable to feed timothy for
the first two or three months, after
which alfalfa or clover hay will give
LIBERAL FEEDING OF CHICKS
Failure to Sufficiently Feed Young
Fowls Is Saving That Is Waste
ful Keep Them Growing.
In giving tho chicks tho best chanco
we must not bo too stingy with our
feed becauso it Is high. Nor think
becauso the flock Is small that It can
pick most of Its feed. There Is n sav
ing that Is wasteful, nnd that is the
Self-Feder for Chlck3.
failure to sutllclcntly feed young chicks
or any young nnlmals for that matter.
Growth is put on moro cheaply when
young" than at any other time. Cessa
tion of growth when young Is fatal to
complete development Inter and n suro
damper on any profit or productiveness'
from that Individual for all time.
LITTLE HINTS OF CHICKENS
Save Labor and Produce More Poultry
and Eggs Cull Out All Market
Do not worry about prices, hut wor
ry about mctlunls and management
and how to save labor and produce
moro poultry and eggs.
Study tho best market and stylo of
disposing of your product.
Cull out tho young market cockerel
now which will only grow Into a lively,
active rooster n lighting machine, not
n profit machine.
Ills comb, his spurs, his crow and,
high opinion of himself are without'
value when he Is sold on tho market as
a cockerel. Caponlzo him nnd ho gains
weight twice as quickly at u less food'
Keep an eye on all sucli steps of
management as will tend to Increnso
the incomo without any Increase In
PREVENT HENS EATING EGGS
Habit May Be Discouraged by Placing'
China Eggs on Floor and Letting
Fowls Pick Them.
If you keep a few china eggs on the.
floor about the laying hens or in the,
yard, the hens will pick at these, and
it will discourage them from attempt
ing to ent the eggs In the nest. It Is
also advisable to placo your nests nway
from the light, ns the hens nro not apt
to cat the eggs if tho nest Is rather,
dark. Keep your nests up off tho floor.
Supply oyster shell and somo meat
food. If the hen persists in this bad
habit, trim the point of her beak until
it bleeds. Keep tho hens busy. Avoid
broken eggs, as this is usually tho be
ginning of tills trouble.
RATS MULTIPLY IN SUMMER
Cause Much Damage During Time.
Chicks Are Neglected Because of
Rush of Farm Work.
Itats multiply and destroy during
tho months when chicks are compara
tively neglected because of tho rush
of farm work. Try to remove hiding
places by cutting the heaps of old
boxes and boards Into kindling. Cut
down tho weeds near tho chicken
houses and brood oops. Don't leave
grain hoppers open In tho chicken
houses nt night, to bo destroyed by
tho ravages of rats. Tho farmer who
worked in tho Holds hist summer wan
working for n better causo than as ft
caterer to tho rat family.
RIGHT PRODUCTION OF EGGS
HenB, Like Men, Cannot L(&g Stand
Overwork Avoid Trying to
It Is possible to go to extremes in
egg production. liens, llko men, can
not long stnnd overwork. To havotho
flock arerago 200 eggs a year & getting
very closo to tho danger line. It
means that every hen Is working nt
high pressure. Flock averages of from
1C0 to 180 eggs nro heavy laying, nnd
should satisfy tho most ambitious
BROILER DUCKS FOR MARKET
Hotels and Restaurants Afford Profit
able Means of Disposing of
Whcro you can find a market with
hotels and restuurants small broiler
ducks weighing two to throe pounds
nro frequently profitable. Runners
nhould make such weights at six to
eight weeks of age. Milliards nro also
if to tiiek
Many Women in this Condition Re
gain Health by Taking Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.
Mrs. Lindsey Now Keeps House For Sovcn.
Tennille, Ga. "I want to toll you how much I havo been benefited
by Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetablo Compound. About eight years ago I
gotinsuchftlowstato of health I was unable to keep houso for three in
tho family. I had dull, tired, dizzy feelings, cold feet and hands nearly
all the time and could scarcoly sleep at all. Tho doctor said I had a
scvero caso of ulceration and without an operation I would always
bo an invalid, but I told him I wanted to wait awhile. Our druggist
advised my husband to get Lydia E. Pinldiam's "Vegetablo Compound
and it has entiroly cured mo. Now I keep houso for seven and work
in tho garden somo, too. I am so thankful I got this medicine. I feel
as though it saved my lifo and havo recommonded it to others and
they have been benefited". Mrs. V. E. Lindsey, R. R, 8, Tonnillo, Ga.
If you want special advico wrlto to Tjydia E. Plnkliam Mcdl
clno Co. (confidential) Bynn, mass. Your letter will lo opened,
read and answered by a woman and held in strict confidence.
Carter's little liver Pills -
You Cannot be Mfr
Ml nun ii
hHHVHBt I M nil m
ADBsSdcSfhVr,onr BARTER'S IRON PILLS
mnny colorless faces but will greatly help most pale-faced people
HIS OLD DREAM CAME TRUE
Miner Was Killed In the Manner That
Wao Foretold In Vision Twenty
In n lecture nt Blackwood the Rev.
M. Griffin of Cross Onk, n minister
who, nfter forty yeurs' preaching, Is
ns vigorous ns over, referred to sub
consciousness, the mysterious power
that controls us even when nsleop,
snys a Cardiff Mnll writer. Outsldo
the chnpel one of his hearers narrated
n curious Incident which hnpponcd to
n Blackwood man. Ho lived near tho
present rnllway station, and drenmcd
one night that while working on his
stnll ns n miner n stone fell on him
nnd killed him.
The dream wnsso vivid Hint he gave
up his work at onco und emigrated to
Amcrlcn. Twenty yenrs Inter ho re
turned to Blackwood nnd sought work
In his old colliery. Ho wns told that
no one hnd been working In his old
stnll since he had left, nnd work wns
found for him In the adjoining stnll.
While engaged there his pick nccldcn-
tally struck through the coal which di
vided him from his old stnll, there
came n fall nnd the twcnty-ycnr-old
dreiini wns fulfilled.
A member of parliament hud emp
tied the room with un Interminable
speech. Looking around at the empty
benches, he remarked to n bored
friend: "I am speaking to posterity."
"If you go on like this," growled the
friend, "you will see your audience
Dora I wonder why Harry broko
tils engagement with Miss I'eckcin?
Jack According to my information,,
her father offered to lend lilm money
enough to get married on.
"I am going to linvo an old beau for
the hero of this story."
"That Is n dandy Idea."
It Is sometimes safer to throw kisses
nt n girl than to hand them to her.
Who wants bread and
butter when a feller
of This Fact.
Ilidgway, Term. "I Buffered from fomalo
troublo with backacho and pain in my side for over
seven months so I could not do any of my work. I
was treated by threo different doctors and was
gotting discouraged when my sister-in-law told mo
how Lydia E. Pinldiam's Vegetable Compound had
helped her. I decided to try it, and it restored my
health, so I now do all of my housework which is
not light as I havo a littlo boy threo years old."
Mrs. O. M. Riiines, Ridgway, Penn.
A Remedy That
Genuine beer denature
Would Give Him Exercise.
Former Congressman Georgo It
Smith of Minneapolis Is fond of hunt
lng .mil takes grcnt prldo in the owner
ship of n costly setter dog of noble
birth. Ono day nn old man, who was
acting as guide for the hunt, camo nenr
limiting n lifelong enemy of Smith by
crltclzlng the dog's tcchnlquo In tha
"The dog's perfectly all right," do
clured Smith, Indignantly. "I wouldn't
trudo him for any dog I ever saw, only
ho doesn't get quite enough exercise.
I'm busy and have to keep him penned
up n good deal. lie ought to havo
moro exerclso and that would lmprovo
"Has ho got nny flens?" Inquired tho
"Should say not," replied Smith, In
sulted. "That dog hns his bath every
week tho same as I hope you do."
"Why don't you glvo him a few
"What do you mean, glvo him Hens?
Why should I wnnt a fine dog llko him
to havo fleas?"
"Well," opined tho guide, thought
fully, "they'd give him exercise." St
CLEAR YOUR COMPLEXION
While You Sleep With Cutlcura Soap
and Ointment Trial Free.
On retiring, gently smear tho fnc
with Cutlcura Ointment, wash off In
five minutes with Cutlcura Soap and
hot wntcr, and continue bathing nfow
minutes with tho Sonp. Tho Influence
of this treatment on tho pores extends
through tho night.
Free saniplo each by mall with Book.
Address postcard, Cutlcura, Dept. L,
Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv.
One Hiding Place.
"This Is n queer littlo hole of coun
try of yours. Put," said ono of the Fly
boys to our friend tho other day.
"Begorra, an' us quuro us It Is," re
plied I'nt, "there's wnn thing ye can
do In it that ye can't do In ycr own
"And what is that?" asked the draft
"Hide I" replied Pat.
A Few Grades.
Senator Kern got n letter from an
old friend who has a little country
place and wanted fish to put in a cute
"Send mo a school of bass," request
ed the friend.
"I'm not sure about getting you an
entire school," Kern wroto back, "but
I'll try to send you n fow grades."
St, Louis Republic.
This year's sweet gill graduate Is on
the war path.
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