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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 2, 1917)
DOGS IN SANITARY SERVICE
Team of St. Uernnrds and their mister, workers In tlio Hntiltary depart
ment In Paris. The French have note! thu excellent services rendered by
dogs In the Ilclglun service and put them to work hauling light wagons.
They have proved of great worth.
EN FOR THE TI
iEST OF DETAILS
Inspection of American Training Camp in France Is Described by
a Newspaper CorrespondentOfficers and Men Made to ,
Realize That War Is a Serious Business French
Soldiers Fond of Americans.
Paris: "Fighting .lack" Pershing
paid his tlrst flying visit to ho Ameri
can training camp In Franco, and left
behind 1dm n trnll of burning cars elcc
trlfled men and a spirit of grim, mili
tary doggodness that brought the new
est recruit to a realization that war,
oven In the training, may bo all Gen
eral Sherman said It was, and then
The soldiers knew nothing about It,
hut tho American commander was
expected to arrive on a Monday. He
didn't. Tho camp went on with Its
routine life. Ilrlght and early Tues
day morning tho general drove Into
tho first camp en routo from Paris,
and things began to hum.
Cavalry were drilling In n hugo
field off to tho left, while on the right
a group of Infantry was practicing
with tho bnyonot, a bombing squad
was throwing grenades and engineers
were, shoring up a Sractlco trench. ,
Cavalry Sight Pershing.
Tho cavalry commander wns tho
first to spot the general's erect form.
"'Ten.tlonI" ho sang out.
Tho whole squad drew up short.
Thero was a clatter of spurs and steel
as tho company wheeled Into forma
tion beforo the commander In chief.
"Salute I" bawled the captain.
A hundred sabers flashed In the sun.
"Good work," nodded tho general
briefly, and ho strode over to tho Infantry.
Some of tho men were so busily en
gaged In trying to pcrforato stuffed
sawdust bags representing suppositi
tious Germans they failed to note Urn
approach of the general.
At tho second cry of '"tcntlon"
they stopped and stiffened up, guns
clattering to their sides eyes rigidly
fixed front nil except one man, who
followed the general's movoments as
he made a rapid inspection of their
Tho general stopped beforo him.
"The first prlnclpla of n Boldler is to
learn to stand at attention," said ho
crisply, "Sergeant, have this man
s,tund nt attention for five minutes I"
"Fall outl" ordered tho sergeant.
Tho "Sammy" stepped back out of
" Tcntlon I" snnppcd tho sergeant.
The Boldler fixed his eyes grimly
in front of him and never moved them.
"Fall back I" exploded the sergeant
at tho end of tho flvo minutes, and the
Incident was closed.
General Pershing talked earnestly
for about ten minutes with their regi
mental commander, commending the
men for some of their work, pointing
out their faults. Then ho passed on
out to the bombers and sappers.
The bombers wont" through thu
third degreo with flying colors. Gen
ial Pershing making only ono com
ment, when he suggested that one of
their number put a little moro forco
behind his throw and not try spltlmll
work with a hand grenade.
Then tho train of motor cars mado
off to tho practlco holds In tho direction
of the nearest village whero troops
wero billeted, somo of them off duty
and lounging around.
Tho chief commander's car pulled
up beforo a combination stable, hay
loft and dwelling placo that tho
French peasants had shared Indiscrim
inately with their feathered and barn
Pershing took ono glanco at the In
scription on tho outside of It "Ser
geant K , Sergeant G , 02 men."
"Too many for n billet 'of this size.
Who's the captain hero?"
Ills name was given,
"Tell him to chango these men to
another billet whero they won't bo so
crowded." wuh tho order.
Billet after billot was Investigated
In similar manner, somo of thorn
mooting with tho general's approval.
When they didn't he sold so In uuinls-
French and Americans, arose as ono
man, without tho faintest suggestion
of a smile from the Americans, and.
shook the little man from Pau by thd
"It Is ono of the happiest momenta
of my life," said the latter simply as
the company resumed their places.
Despite the obstacle of language a
strong feeling , of fraternity has
sprung up between the men. Muny
an American commissary sergeant has
won the heart of a higher French ofll
cer by presenting him with a loaf of
white bread fresh from the Held
Tho French In return gavo presents
of sardines, sausagos and other Items
from their supplies that go to vary
the American menu. Through an ar-
! rangement made by one wldcawnko
1 American commissary sergeant IiIh
, mess has moro than once been treated,
to a real chicken dinner. White bread
has been a thing of the past In Franco
for some months, and nothing tickles
the French palate more thari well
baked, fresh white bread, for bread Is
one of the principal articles of food in
this country, llecatise of the short
ago of wheat, nn oillelal decree In ef
fect for nearly a year, provides that
tho white flour must be mixed with a
largo percentage of rye, barley or oatmeal.
German Captives Pleased.
The few German prlso'ners who havo
been turned over to work for tin)
United States In exchange for their
food, nre fairly In rnpture over thcln
situation. The food of tho American
Is a never-ceasing mnrvel to them.
They work like men possessed lit
order that they may not bo dls-
qualified from participating In the.
American rations and they aro the;
envy of their less fortunate fellows.
No better idea of what tho Germans'
nre told by their own ofllccrs can bo,
conveyed than by the assertion of a;
recently mado prisoner.
He was standing In tho street of a
V-J. SLir JL MJL UU 1 ML Rl ilivy
PATROLMEN TO REPAIR ROADS)
Keep Recently constructed hi ft. j0t Much Overlooked by Capital Peace Guardians
ayo In New Hampshire In Condi- ' , '
ways In New Hamp3hl
Hon Many Men Are Employed
takable language, direct from tho
shoulder, that sometimes fnlrly
crisped and cracked.
During his trip of Inspection tho
general was accompanied by General
blbert and a distinguished French of
ficer who has been nttached to his
staff. Notes were made on all the
points he suggested, and whnt he didn't
like was Immediately remedied.
The French soldiers here are Just
as fond of the "Sammies." as tbov
Insist on calling the boys, us of their
own "copalns,," or comrades In arms.
iho few American troopers who can
speak French aro Indeed "tho falr
halred boys" so far as the French aro
concerned. They aro Invited to share
In the "plnnr,d," or red wine, issued to
the "pollus," to try their smoking to
bacco, and, whenever tho hour permits,
to have a drink of something In the
with champagne nt eight francs
(about $l.r0) a bottle, many a French
soldier, on his flvo cents a day, has
squandered a whole month's pay In or
der to buy this little luxury for somo
of his American friends.
All Kinds of Frenchmen.
hwarthy sons of France from tho
Passe Pyrenees, blue-eyed Normnns,
who resetnblo Englishmen to a start
ling degreo, lnnky men from PItou,
the nearest approach to our own
rangy Westerners or long-limbed
Yankees, all take part In these gather
ings and drink In every word of tho
conversation nlong with their hover-
ages that cheer.
Ono stocky Frenchman from Pau,
who spoke with a throaty bu-r-r and
gargled his words, dropped Into the
care reeking with Iodoform. Ho wns
Just out of tho hospital and his right
arm was still In a sling whllo his
bandaged head gavo him the nppcar-
nnco or a turbaned Mohammedan, no
took ono look at tho crowd, saluted
and dropped Into a chair on tho op
posite sido or tho room.
Ono of his comrades, at tho succor-
uon 01 tno Aincrlcnns, called to him
saying, "Oomo and havo a drink with
Tho wounded mnn started violently
and Jumped to his feet.
"Los Amcrlcnlns!" exclaimed he,
merlcalns? Vralnient? (Truly?)"
-wiiy, yes,- expinineu nis com
patriot. "Didn't you know the Amerl
cans were norof wnoro nnvo vou
"This is my flrst day out." apolo
glzed tho other. "Are you really Amor
loans?" ho demanded, turning toward
They assured lilm that such waB tho
"Hut what aro you, doctors, ambu
lance men?" asked Uio Frenchman a
llttlo timidly. "Not real soldiers?"
Ills friend replied a llttlo Impatient
ly they were Infantrymen, lighting men
soldiers of tho line who would soon bo
doing their share In tho trenqhes.
Tho man from Pau was visibly nf.
focted. llo breathed deeply and then
two tenrdrops welled Into his eves.
"It is a great pleasure," ho Anally
stammered in nis own tongue. "They
told me the Americans wero hero bnt
1 didn't Know they wero soldiers
'pollus' like myself."
Learning to Embrace.
' Ho stretched out his ono good hand
to the Interpreter for tho party, a
tall, bronzed corporal from Colorado.
"Will you embrace me, my cor
poral?" ho asked.
Tho corporal took tho outstretched
hand but shifted rather uneasily. Tho
French "embrace" consists of a kiss
on either cheek. Hut ho hesitated for
only a moment.
"With pleasure, mon brave," said
he, using tho familiar form, and ris
ing to his full six feet he inclined his
head and salud the Frenchman In the
manner of the country.
Tho rest of tho company, both
village in the American area when
two ofllccrs went by.
"Aro those Englishmen?" he nsked In'
perfectly good French of his captorj
and In the hearing of the correspondent.
"No. They aro Americans,," replied,
the French guard.
The German only smiled unbellovJ
"Put they may bo somo staff officers
on n visit to tho front. There are no
Americans In France, because they
told mo so beforo I was taken," per
sisted the prisoner.
.lust then a company of Infantry,)
rifles over their shoulders, followed
by a hugo motortruck with "U. S. A.';
painted on It In bold letters, swung by.)
You see," grinned the "polluV tri
umphantly, "there ure American sol
"They Hod to us at home," answered
the prisoner after a moment's hesita
To nny who might bo inclined to
nnk, why do troops need to go through
such thorough and Intensive training
for trench warfare, an Idea of what
our boys have to learn would bo tho
Reorganizing the Army.
With the reorganization of the
American division from its pre-war.
footing of approximately 28,000 men,
Within the last ten years 442 miles
of gravel roads have been built lnj
New Hampshire at an average cost
of $3,820 per mile. It is clear thatj
auto travel woHld ruin them in a shortj
time If they wero not maintained lnj
good condition all the time. To meet!
this necessity several hundred patrol-;
men are employed from the lust of
March to the first of December In
patching every little run and hole that
appears, in cleaning tho ditches nnrf
culverts; and In spreading oil lightly
over the surface. Each patrolman has
,i section of road assigned to him and
Is required to furnish a one-horse
wagon, a shovel, a ruke, n drag and
such other equipment as Is needed for
Ids work. If tho road Is not oiled It Is
smoothed with the drag after every
rain; oiled ronds do not require fre
quent dragging. Tho patrolmen nre
paid an average wage of $U.25 tho
day. In 1015 the total cost of main
taining these ronds was $210 tho mile.
The road ofllccrs of New Ilampshiro
reckon that well-maintained gravel
roads cost about $230 tho mile an
nually less thun any of the more ex
pensive types of road for the class of
travel on four-llfths of the through
routes In tho state. On one-fifth of
these routes the travel Is too heavy to
be carried by gravel and more expen
sive construction Is necessary; no
amount f mnlntennnce of a gravel
road will make It strong enough to
carry more than a certain density of
travel, particularly where automobiles
ASIIINGTOX. Charlie Mlchnel has a friend who lives In an apartment
on Sixteenth street. He will not allow tho use of his name, but this friend
of his Is a well-known stenographer who Is Just crazy about the study of
astronomy. He goes up on the roof of
the apartment on clear nights, lies on
his back and watches the various solar
and planetary systems swimming
about In tho universe, lie hns a lot
of pets among the stnrs, which lie
treats as if they wero fine Japanese
fnn-tailed goldfish, nnd when a cloud
Intervenes 'twlxt him and his favorite
sun he doesn't like It a bit.
He has a star map, which Is a con
traption with a lot of slides and Jig
gers which can be manipulated, so that
with a proper scientific knowledge of what is going on above and the right
twist of the wrist on the map below one enn produce n ciart showing just
where each star and each constellation should be.
It Is this star map which got him In trouble.
In order to see It properly -he has to flash a pocket electric light upon it
as ho lies upon the roof. Tills Is whnt the police objected to. They had been
watching him from some dark point of vantage, and one night when he wns
communing with his friends in the ether, flashing the electric light mi tho
star map, two large detectives burst on him. They came right through thu
roof and growled at him. ,
"How about that Morse you're flashing?" they nsked him.
"Whnt are you driving nt?"
"Look here. Don't get rough with us," replied the mnn of the law. "Wo
been watching you down on the street, and you have been Hashing .Morse.'
"Oh. you mean this light?"
"Yes, that light. You been flashing the Morse code."
"Oh, you think I nm signalling someone?''
"Well, you know whnt I mean. You may be signalling somo German, SO
he can know how to drop bombs on this city from nn airplane "
And with that the star gazer emitted a wild whoop.
Somehow he got rid of the detectives.
PROBLEM OF ROAD BUILDING
Disproving Theory About Borrowed Umbrellas
WHEN theory bucks into fact something is liable to crash. And It won't be
fact. Consider, say. umbrellas. One night n woman went to the theater
Highway Official Tells How Great
System Can Be Built First
'in n costume guaranteed not to fade In the wash
'elegantly fussy in silk, and both wero
'adorned with umbrellns. , It had
istormed earlier In the evening nnd was
raining lightly when the play was over.
' On the outer edge of nn lmprovl-
.dently umbrellnless crowd the person
Her companion was more
Thanks to the pushful, pervasive
motorcar, American road building hnS .yoll mlght call the wash lady noticed
"got n move on" nt Inst. The.ro Is every- n Verc do Verlsh young woman In rose
where the cry for ronds, for more roads
and for better roads. The drawback
has been that, as yet, there has been
no co-ordlnntion of these multitudinous
enterprises. Tho president of the Nn-
igeorgette with a lot of frilly silver on
XT- ... 1 1
ipathy on any Lady
Clara in the
uome, j nines, class, nut when a
tlonal Highway association, Charles jyoung woman looks out into the downpourlng night with the demoralized
Henry Davis, in n'recent paper stated
that we spent last year $219,053,907,
or more thun two-thirds of the total of
money expended so far on the con
struction of tho Panama canal for
road Improvements throughout tho
country. Mr. Davis' contention Is that
good roads, roads that run for thou
sands of miles through state after
state, are, properly, not the responsi
bility of the state, but of the nation,
says Boston Transcript. He would
have the federal government build a
. . 11. 1 1. I I 0 HI Ann ...nn
lO Hie i runcii imwm m. auw uiuu
como cnanges unit upset tno wuoiu
Idea of war as tlioy havo learned It,
and a redistribution of duties that,
sounds rather formidable.
Formerly a compauy consisted slm-i
ply of tho company commander, two,
ofllccrs, two musicians, a cook nndj
two men. Now that Is all changed,
There Is tho commander nnd his offi
cer of llason, or connecting link with
tho company, his lieutenants nnd tho
musicians nnd the cook, but with tho
addition of motorcyclists, farriers,
slgnnl corps men, mcchnnlcs, bomb
ers, snppers, automntlc riflemen In
addition to tho machine gun company
of tho regiment, messengers, shnrp
The company Is divided into
plntoons. Even the platoons arc sub
divided Into groups. Tho flrst group
may bo bayonet men, who "go over
the top" and lead tho charge. Tho
second group Is the bombers. They
charge with the bayonet men, but
when the latter have attained their oh
Jeetlvo and may still push forward,
tho bombers stay behind to -ciean up
Mm iMintiireil trenches, and seo that
tho enem.v. emerging from their dug
outs, do not tako tho riflemen In the
Instead of having a machine .gun
company to each regiment, as former
ly, thero Is u machine gun company
to each battalion. Thoro Is a com
jinny of pioneers which supports the
riflemen In their ndvance, Ueforo they
are out of their own tranches, the
trench mortar company, a new thing
to tho American army, must got In Its
Each man must learn his new du
ties and how and when to fulfill them
to tho utmost advantage. Each man,
In addition to his regular and regl
mental marking, Is budged to show
whether Ids post Is behind or in front
of the lines. Messengers wenr spe
cial Insignia that permits them to
jiass to the reur without tho slightest
Those aro only a fow of the thou-,
Bund and ono things that the men In
camp aro learning and learning quick
ly. hut It tnkes tlmo to Instruct them
so that they may take advantage of
tho lessons already drilled Into the
French and Urltlsh soldlors, namoly
that a soldier's greatest duty Is to do
his work In such a capable matmifr
that he may help in tho protection of
his own Ufo b well as those of his
comrades and associates.
languish of one who may be wearing rose and silver on the installment
So the wash lady offered up her gloria. Not that she was one of those
sweet creatures you read about, understand, but simply because, as a matter
or conscientious comrorf it is a wnoie neap oetter to do tno ngnt tnmg ana
be stung than to let a chance to help get by. Most everybody feels thnt way.
By the time the two reached Capitol nill the downpour had become a
deluge, and, as black- silk calls for all the umbrella it can get, the wash lady
had to perform Atalanta's flying act, from track to house steps. And got as
drenched as if she had been floundering In the fountain of youth except for
looks, of course.
Next morning the umbrelln wns returned with a gust of girlish thanks
three words misspelled nnd eleven uncalled-for ejaculations, bless her heart
and that was all there was to that, except:
A man nice man, at thnt who chanced to be standing by when tho
.messenger enme expressed surprise at the gloria's return.
"Ever lend an umbrelln and fail to get it bnck?"
"Can't say I ever did, but you know the old saying."
And, as nothing is too remarkable to happen In this world or the next
there is no telling how ninny grouchy adage makers have had to take their
medicine for writing snws that hinder instead of help.
Bituminous Macadam Road.
system of nnttonnl roads Joining the
West with tho East, tho North and the
.South, connecting every pnrt of tho
country, ns Is tho case with the na
tional highways of Europe, and, ns
history shows, such ns was the essen
tial equipment of every llrst-clnss pow
er of the past.
IIow would such an enormous con
struction bo paid for and kept up?
"Suppose," nsks this eminent engi
neer, "tho government built 100,000
miles of properly planned roads, and
at the same time purchased, say, U00
feet of land on cither side. This land
would so continually Increase in valuo
and In demnnd for leasing on long
rental, that tho cost of tho road and
the land purchase would soon be paid.
structlon. Hut such would rent nt,
vastly higher rates in cities and towns,
high enough to give the ilntion an In
como equal to Its total annual cx
Iiendlture," from theso national high'
ways alone I
Georgia Ready, to Act as Host to Hungry World
HE WAS n Georgia gentleman, and his face was thoroughly Immersed In a
section of watermelon. Upon reappearing he snluttered u few times nnd
then branched out upon the following oratorical expedition: "There is no
shortage of food In my home state. No,
sah. I can say with emphasis and ac
curacy that the state of Georgia has
more food In It nt this time than In
any other moment in the history of the
world. If the starving nations of Eu
rope want to come to Georgia and re
lieve the pinch of hunger, then Georgia
will net as host. I have n million wa
termelons myself, lying loose on my
place, and we are feeding them to tho
hogs. It sounds wasteful, but It lsri't,
snh. It Isn't. Wntermelons grow In
.Georgia like grass. For n quarter of a dollar you can buy more watermelon
than you enn carry off In n spring wagon. As for corn and benns, wo have
"em there In that land of plenty higher than mountains. I reckon the bean
crop of Georgia Is more valuable and moro splendiferous than tho gold crop
"Talk about your high prices. There is no sense to it. Hero I am
paying a dollar for this portion of watermelon in a red plush hotel, when
down in tho state of Georgia they arrest you for Interfering with traffic when
your watermelons overrun your property and climb out on the rond. It Is no
moro of a crime to tako a cartload of watermelons off a man s place than
It is to go up to his pump and got yourself a drink of water."
3 junu purchase wuuiu suuu uc iiuw,
rentm rate of $o.co per acre would, "Garden Truck Grown on Land Worth Much Money
y tho Interest on. tho cost of con-
WASHINGTON nt tho present time jirobnbly can bo.ast of the highest priced
imrdens hi the world. To the uninitiated this may sound unreasonable.
.but It is absoluto fact. And tho reason lies with the committee In charge of
tho "back-yard" gprden movement.
Most Delightful Place.
Make good roads, and tho country
will bo tho most delightful plnce m
tho world to live.
Thousands of dollars aro wasted
every year through the purchase of
cheap woven "wire fence. Only the best
should bo purchased.
One of the gardens probably tho
most expensive In the lot Is sltunted
on Dujiont circle, In toe center of tho
wealth and culture of the city. At
the Intersection of Connecticut avenue
and Massachusetts nvenue, to the
north, there Is a vacant lot or was a
vacant lot when onco stood the
Chinese legation, ic ndjolns tho prop
erty of Senator Clark of Wyoming, the
"copper king." Popular report hns it
that Senator Clark objected to the old
r I'L-nA friz.
Serious Farm Problem.
Tho fertilizer problem Is one of the
most serious confronting tho farmer
Pure Water Supply.
Stop and think ubut tho water sup
niv. It should be secured from a
source uncontamlnuted by Impurities.
legation building cutting off his view of Dujiont circle nnd had it torn down.
Whether or no this was true, the building has been torn down, nnd In this
center of wealth and fashion there now sprouts long rows of corn, tomntoes,
beans, potatoes and other garden truck. And almost any afternoon, vhllo
fashionable Washington society is swirling jiast In limousines, several coatlcss
men can bo seen working In tho garden.
Farther up the street, next door to tho Larz Anderson mnnslon and Just
across from the Townsend house, Is another garden. On any afternoon two
hard-working men, Inspired by the garden committee's on'.hnglasm, may bo
seen working their patches. On Massachusetts avenuo thero nre other gar
dens, each planted on ground that Is worth thousands of dollars.
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