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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 14, 1917)
THE 8EMI.WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRA8KA.
ELECTRICITY IS A BIG FACTOR IN WAR FOOD ECONOMIES
Squirrel's Thirst Almost Cost Animal Its Life
WASHINGTON. If your friends Include n country squirrel whose home
uddress Is u nut trot-, with a running stream for neighbor, you will know
thnt, as a Rood provider, his name Is Hoover. But there are always others
this one, for Instance, who has found
n champion In a kindly big brother,
"While sitting In Stanton park
early Sunday morning last a squirrel
ran down one of the trees near the
park fountain, and nfter first trying
to get water at the hose connection
near by, he failed to satisfy his thirst
and thereupon made for the fountain
Itself and dashed over the wall of the
basin Into about a foot of water.
He followed the wall of the
fountain basin and I soon saw that he was not going to he able to get out
of his predicament. I hailed the street lighter and he got him out with his
stick. lie tells me this happens frequently In Rummer time and that he often
takes them out of the fountain In n very exhausted condition.
"Hut to get hack to the story the squirrel was no sooner rescued than
he made off for the same tree which ho had descended a moment before, and
a my eyes followed him In lils ascent they rested on something In the forks
of the tree which proved to he a flask a little more than half full of whisky.
This fact, coupled with the animal's thirst, certainly makes out a good case
by circumstantial evidence, However, this, of course, Is a mere coincidence
and has nothing to do with either the chilling effect of the squirrel's early
morning hath or his abnormal thirst, for he seemed to be a perfectly sober
and respectable squirrel, and there Is no doubt In my mind but that the afore
said hidden trensure really belonged to another and entirely different kind of
animal. Still one cannot help hut Wonder If the owner of the bottle would
not take qulto as great a risk to secure a drink from either It or the fountain
so early on a Sunday morning, or which nnlmal Is really the,more reckless of
"If you will absorb this llttl? story, which Is a true one, It may bring about
the provision of means whereby the squirrels may bo able to got dut of the
fountains, which ought to he done. It Is not pleasant to think of their swim
ming themselves to death on some occasion."
Women Displacing Men in the National Capital
LUItED by thousands of vacancies In the federal departments and private In
stitutions as a result of war, women are Hocking to Washington lu such
numbers that the capital Is In danger of being overrun with them,- Few men
s made that with a continuance of the war for a year or more there will be
two wj)men for every man In tho city.
One. member of congress from Virginia said that ho had assisted more
than 100 women from among his constituency to obtain employment in tho
public service during tho last few months.
Recently four cabinet ofllcers Secretaries Lansing, Baker, Daniels and
Itedlleld announced that women would be appointed In their departments la
preference to men. This policy waH adopted as a military precaution; tho
men are needed for duty on tho llrlng lino and la tho process of mobilization
of tho nation's resources. It is probable that the other departments are doing
tho same, although without public announcement.
Many Reasons Why War Nurses Should Be Slim
SUGGESTIONS for reforms of every kind aro being received dally by the
Council of National Defense. Now a movement' Is on to "reform" fat
nurses. A group of Chicago women, who want the government to construct a
camp for Intensive reducing, haB re
cently put tho question up to tho
women's committee of tho Council of
Fat at tho front that is tho bat
tle front Is considered a serious
handicap, lti the view of women.
Nurses to bo most clllclent should
bo no moro than properly plump;
there is no necessity of their being
perfect thirty-sixes, but when they
aro forty-seven or forty-eights thnt Is
too much. Besides the smaller sizes
pleaso the wounded soldiers better. But there Is nnothor consideration which
hnn come Into tho minds of otllclals. It Is tho necessity of conserving all
apneo possible aboard steamers In tho transatlantic service.
A CO-pound reduction for every one of 1,000 aursus, might readily save
thp transportation expenses of 2JS tons.
Tho Chicago women declared that tho camps tho goverameat should
establish in various sections of tho country where nurses could reduco should
bo similar to thoso for Boldlers.
Tho courses should be of from two to six months' duration, according to
tho slzo of tho nurse. Then, fully, reduced, they would bo ready for France,
or could hotter withstand tho strain of Hold service.
But after all has been said, to tho patient In tho cot tho plump and Jolly
nurse, mm over-ruauy smue, win do
Fenced-in Botanical Grounds Mar tho Landscape
"W 1IEN 1 benoU' Washlaoton arrayed In Its livery of green It seems to mo
VI that every citizen of tho Ualted States Bhould have for It the passion
nte attachment which tho Athenian Greek had for tho 'violet-crowned city,' ''
said Paul Do Lnvlgno, aa nrtist of
'grounds nro an eyesore. A friend told mo aot long ago that aa English visitor
Inquired of him for what reason the authorities had located a Jail at the foot
of tho capltol. . His frlead, supposing that ho was Jestiug, replied that Its
prescat locatloa was Bqlccted to Imprlsoa tho Socialists la coagress, where
upon the Eagllshmau unwwered, 'Why do they not send the beggarB to tho
workhouso?' Such an laclosuro is nowhere seca save around Jail and bar
racks. It BhutB out to thousands a view of tho matchless fountain presented
to tho nation by Bartholin, tho sculptor who designed and cast tho Statue of
(Liberty Enlightening tho World at tho ontrnaco to Now York harbor. That
prison vull la my opinion, should vualsh overnight."
I THOUCHr I
are seeking Jobs but the women are
applying for lnindreds of newly cre
oted positions In the various govern
ment branches and taking the places
vacated by men who have been or
will bo called to the colors.
Already Washington was a city of
women. The percentage of women,
according to the census of 1010, wns
larger than In any other large city
In the country. The" figures demon
strated that then there were 01.3 men
for every 100 women. The prediction
f) MOT FAT
ror an time tho oao la demaad.
Now York city, at the Wlllard. "There
aro In all directions vistas aad vlsloas
of surpassing loveliness aad beauty.
Tho view from the capltol across tho
Potomac to the blue Virginia hills Is,
la my opinion, unequaled. Much hua
boon said and written of tho beauty ol
Paris, the City of Mexico, Floreaco,
Italy, aad Coastantlaople. Washing
toa surpasses them all.
"There Is ono blur, however, on
the landscape. Tho fonced-la botanical
Every "Big Bertha" In Wcrid
Conflict Is Fired by Press
ing a Button.
WIRELESS IS ALWAYS BUSY
Invention Stimulated by Demands of
War Trench Orders Given by Tel
ephone Magnets Take Place
of Surgeon's Probe.
New York. Electricity, child of
peace, has been adopted by war as Its
own especial ward. Without electric
ity this war could never have reached
the proportions which It has; perhaps
ooiild never have been fought at all.
livery "Big Bertha" Is tired by an elec
tric sparlc. Every order from head
quarters reaches the trenches, not by
courier trs In days of old, but by tele
phone. The wireless crackles a stac
cato accompaniment to every sailing
of ship and submarine. The torpedo
itself Is propelled by electric motors.
Invention has been stimulated al
most hysterically ly the demands of
war. Armies on the march or In the
Held have now a hundred conveniences
which were not known Inst year.
There Is a radio telephone and tole-
graph equipment, for Instance, which
can be attached to a motorcycle, It
was given to America only a little
while ago by a New York Inventor.
The transmitting power Is approxi
mately one kilowatt, with a resultunt
radius rot the wireless telegraph of
from 80 to 100 miles and about half
that distance for the radio telephone.
Current for this compact Held set
Is supplied to the telephone or tele
graph by a high voltage direct current
geaerator connected directly to an in-
dependent motorcycle engine connect
ed with the side car. For the equip
ment Is contained In a small metal side
car attached to the cycle.
The wireless equipment comprises a
completely Independent unit, which
can easily be dotaehed and pushed by
hand or loaded on a wagon and trans
ported over rough ground. An extra
wheel is provided which can be at
tached to either hub of the side car or
to tho'fVont or rear of the motorcycle.
Tho antenna is supported by a light
weight: metal mast of tubular con
struction. The telescopic form of It
makes it possible to collapse the mast
and strip It out of the way oa the car's
side. And when erected, It can take
messages from Held and airplanes with
The French have developed the
wireless to a line point. They now
have what they call aa "oadophoac"
detector for receiving messages, the
value of which lies In Its small slzo
and extremely compnet makeup. The
wholo affair, as a matter of fact, caa
bo carried la na olllcer's breast pocket.
With this little detector at a dls-
taace of 20 miles from the transmit
ter all that is needed Is aa opea um
brella held as high as the hand can
rench or a swortf, If you prefer
while a small metal contact piece con
nected to a cord lies upon the ground
and makes the earth circuit. At 00
miles one need only plant a knife In
a tree, preferably a pine tree, or a
gimlet will answer as well. One of
tho cords with Its metal clip Is at
tached to this "antenna" while- the
other clip Is placed In the ground.
Tho entire receiver weighs but 1!1
ounces nad yet la spite of Its size It
Is meticulously made aad Is a aiost
For Long-Distance Work.
For long distance, for lnstaace to
the extreaie bonders of Fraace, one
clip Is Joined to a telephone line which
serves as aa aateaaa and the otlier
goes to gas or water pipes for tho
Women who sign the conservation
pledge of tho food admlalRtratloa
board of tho government may wear
this uniform of red, white and blue,
which tho patternmakers declare Is as
useful as It Is pretty. It Is of Inex
pensive material, cotton clvttv, wltlde
tachablo cults, spreads out like a sheet
for Ironing and has a doublo froat.
It la fastened by two straps from tho
front panels which meet In tho back
and button with ono large button.
ground. But at n smaller distance
thare caa be a wider choice for aa
teiinnc a kitchen stove, a balcony, a
metal bod or the like, or oven a bl
yele or an automobile. The operator
may use his own body for the ground
by attaching the metal clip to his fin-g'-r.
while the other clip goes to the
telephone wire. In this way slgaals
have reached Paris from a dlstaace
of no less than 270 miles.
Most interesting of all, perhaps, and
particularly so from a constructive
viewpoint, Is the Invention of an elec
trical contrivance to remove partlcl6s
of metal from wounds. This has aot
come, directly from tho war, either,
though It Is being used there now In
the best of the base hospitals. It
mine from Pittsburgh, from the fac
tories which have been furnishing
practically all of the barbed wire for
the allies' Intrenchments.
This machjtie Is a powerful electric
magnet thnt Is taking the place of
tin surgeon's painful and perilous
probe, and It Is one to save countless
hes and untold agony. The removal
of pieces of shrapiKjl, steel-Jacketed
bullets and other metal substances
from wounds by use of powerful electro-magnets
la the war zone hospitals
has been acclaimed ns the very latest
application of science to surgery.
EDITOR'S INITIALS CUT OUT
Employees in Italian Censor's Bureau
Dldrvjt Understand American
Home. The Italian censor's ofllce
has been bullied for twq years ln'nn
effort to discover the meaning of little
groups of letters and dashes, such as
"axyz-wtv," and so on, which appear
at the ends of ews Items sent out by
the Associated Press In New York
and remalled from there to tho As
sociated Press correspondents from
whom flie items came.
These marks t:re the Initials of the
writer, editor or manlfoldcr of the
Item, but apparently the employees of
the censor's bureau suspected they
conveyed some mystic meaning, for
when received by tho correspondent;
here they have often been cut out of
the pages, or carefully obliterated with
ink or, sometimes, the entire batch of
mall Is withheld for two or, three
months at a time. '
The latter - Is the favorite method
pursued by the censor's ofllce for pre
venting Information of a harmful na
ture from being .disseminated. It Is
not unusual for news cables or busl
aess dispatches of a aature seemingly
suspicious to be quietly forwarded a
week or so after the sender has for
gotten having filed them. (
On the whole, however, from an
American point of view, there has
been little complaint regarding eltlier
cables or malls, coasideriag th ac
tivity of spies of Italy. Most of tho
coiaplaiats aro aiade editorially by
Italian aewspapcrs which, whea news
Is dull, print long tirades declaring
thnt the censor Is suppressing inter
JAILED FOR APING PRIEST
Heretic Sermon Sends French Soldier
Swindler to Prison for a
Paris. A soldier named Taillebols
has been sentenced by court-martial to
a year's Imprisonment and 2f0 francs
flao for impersonating a Catholic
priest and swindling Catholics.
Taillebols Is not a Catholic. He as
sumed tho nnme of Fn,ther nenry,
trained the confidence of n number of
priests and parishioners of Orleans
and the surroundlag couatry, ofllcinted
In several churches and chapels, heard
confessions, a'dmlnlstered communion
In many communes, all the while re
ceiving money for mnsses and for char
Itablo objects. His downfall came
from aa attempt to preach in a church
lit St. Jean le Blanc. The cure of the
commune found ids doctrine was not
iltocothor Catholic and asked for in
' formation regarding the wandering
j priest from Monslgnor Glbier, bishop
l of Versailles, who exposed tho swm
2 CIVIL WAR VETERAN,
74, WANTS TO ENLIST X
Atlanta. You can't tell W. A.
Ellis that ho Isn't as goo1 a man
at seventy-four as ho was CO
years ago, whea ho raaged half
a dozen countries as a soldier of
fortune, and led a company of
Georgia volunteers through the
war between the states.
Mr. Ellis, aa lamato of tho Old
Soldiers' home, waats to eater
the service of his couatry, aad
to help beat tho kaiser. So far
he has not been nble to Induce
recruiting ofllcers In any branch
to accept him. Until two years
ago ho was 11 resident of Grlflln,
excopt whea ho was lighting for
tho Confederacy or with Lee
Christmas, tho famous filibuster,
In Central America and Mexico. T
Eagle Stole First Papers.
Greeley, Neb. Lawrence Maelr is
searching over Greeley county for his
naturalization papers. An eagle took
tho document from his coat while
Maelr was working in a Held. Maelr
has petitioned tho naturalization de
partment at Washington to grant the
clerk qf the district court hero permls
slou to reissue tho papers.
URGED BY HOOVE
Cardinal Principles of Campaign
for Conservation of Supplies
MILLION SIGN F08D PLEDGES
Less Wheat, Meat, Milk, Fnts, Sugar
and Fuel an,d More Fruit and Vege
tables Suggested by the Food
Washington. To food economies
which Herbert C. Hoover of the food
administration desires to suggest to
the American people have been offi
They constitute tho cardinal princi
ples of the food campaign as are set
forth In clear type on a small card In
terms so definite and concise that all
will know exactly what and how to
This food administration enrd will
soon hang In every American kitchen
and Its directions will be followed with
scrupulous tare by the home makers
of the land. Alrendy the appeal has
met with a generous response. The
Information Is at hand thnt a million
food pledges have already been'
A rending of the card, which Is
printed In fill below, shows thnt to fol
low Its suggestions entails no real hard
ships. The rules are concise and sim
ple. Less wheat, meat, milk, fats,
sugar aad fuel. More vegetables,
foods that are aot suitable, to lie sent
to camps or flrlag lines. No limiting
tho food of growing children ; not eat
ing by anyone of more food thaa Is
needed. Buying food that Is grown
close to the home.
Is any of this too hard?
WIN THE WAR BY GIVING YOUR
OWN DAILY SERVICE.
Save the Wheat. One wheatless
meal a day. Use corn, oatmeal, rye or
barley, bread and non-whent breakfast
foods. Order bread 24 hours In ad
vance so your baker will aot bake be
yond his needs. Cut the loaf oa the
table aad only as required. Use stale
bread for cooking, toast, etc. Eat less
cake and pastry.
Our wheat harvest Is far below
normal. If each person weekly
saves one pound of wheat flour
that means 150,000,000 more bush
els of wheat for the allies to mix
in their bread, This will help them
to save democracy.
Save the Meat. Beef, mutton or
pork not' more than once dally. Use
freely vegetables and fish. At tho
meat meal serve smaller portions, and
stews instead of steaks. Make made
dishes of all left-overs. Do this and
there will be ment enough for every
one at a reasonable price.
We are today killing the dairy
cows and female calves as the re
sult of high prices. Therefore, eat
less and eat, no young meat. If wc
save an ounceof mtat each day
per person, we will have additional
supply equal to 2,200,000 cattle.
Save the Milk. Tho children must
have milk. Use every drop. Use but
termilk and sour milk for cooking and
making cottage cheese. Use less
Save the Fats. Wc nre the world's
greatest fat wasters. Fat Is food. But
ter Is essential for the growth and
health of children. Use butter on the
table as usual but not In cooking
Other tyits are as good. Beduce use
of fried foods. Soap contains fats.
Do aot waste It. Make your owa wash
lag soap at home out of the saved
Use one-third aunce less per day
of animal fat and 375,000 tons will
be saved yearly.
Save the Sugar. Sugar Is scarcer.,
We use today three times ns much per
person as our allies. 'So there may be
enough for all at reasonable price,
use less candy and sweet drinks.
Do not stint sugar In putting up fruit
nnd Jams. They will save butter.
If everyone In America saves one
ounce of sugar dally, it means
1,100,000 tons for the year.
Save the Fuel. Coal comes from a
distance, and our railways are over
burdened hauling wnr material. ' Help
relieve them by burning fewer fires.
Use wood when you enn get It.
Use ths Perishable Foods. Fruits
aad vegetables wo havo ia abundaaco.
As a aatlon we eat too little green
stuffs. Double their use and Improve
your health. Store potatoes and other!
roots properly nnd they will keep. Be
gin now to can or dry all surplus gar
Use Local Supplies Patronize your,
local proifucer. Distance menns money.;
Buv perishable food from tne neighbor
hood nearest you and thus save trans-.'
Buy less, serve smaller portions.
Preach the "Gospel of the Clean
Don't eat a fourth meal.
Don't limit the plain food of grow
Watch out for the wastes in the com
Full garbage palls In America mean
empty dinner palls In America and Eu
If tht more fortunate of our people
will avoid waste and eat no more than
they need, the high cost of living prob
lem of the less fortunate will be
PRODUCING EGGS IN SUMMER
Better Methods of Caring for Eggs-
and Proper PacKing woum tteauce
Losses In eggs during the summer
months fall directly upon the farmers.
Dealers know that an average of 15 to
18 per cent of eggs marketed durlag,
the summer Is either a total or a puH
tlal loss; hence prices, they sny, aro
based upon good eggs only.
Better methods of caring for tho
eggs nnd better packing before they
aro shipped would reduce this unnec
A few definite rules for the pre
vention of loss In summer eggs aro
formulated by the poultry division at
the Pennsylvania State college: (1)
Produce sterile or Infertile eggs. (2)
Keep eggs In a cool, dry place. (3)
Have clean nests nnd plenty of them.
(4) Do not keep the eggs near keroseno
or decaying vegetables. They absorb
odors readily. (5) Market the eggs fre
quently. Holding does not improve
KEEP MOTHER HEN CONFINED.
Loss of Chicks by Exposure Largely-
Preventable by Keeping Hen In
It Is not good poultry management
to allow the niotaer hea to range ua
restricted with her chicks. With such
freedom the hea frequcatly talces her
brood through wet grass nnd, as a re
sult, some are chilled and die, espe
cially the wenker ones, which are like
ly to be left behind. The loss of youag
chicks which follows such a practice
Is large aad mnlaly preventable. Fur
thermore, the food which n brood al
lowed to range with the hen obtains
goes very largely to keep up the heat
of the body and the chicks do not
mnke as good growth as they other
Chick losses of this nature can be
largely prevented by shutting the hen.
in a coop. Any style of coop which
is dry, ventilated aad can be closed
at night to protect the brood against
gats, rats aad other animals, and
Mother Hen In Coop.
which, while confining the hen, will
nllow the chicks to pass in and out
freely nfter they are a few days old,
will be satisfactory. The hen should
be confined until the chicks nre
weaned, though a small yard may be
attached to the coop, if desired, to al- 0
low the hen to exercise. The fence
can be raised "from the ground far
enough to nllow the chicks to go in
or out, but not high enough for tho
hen to escape. By using n coop the
chicks can find shelter and warmth
under the hen at any time and thu
weaklings, after a few days, may de
velop Into strong, healthy chicks.
STRICT STANDARD FOR EGGS
When Well-Establlshed Produce of
Flrst-Class, Fresh Article Will'
Bring Highest Price.
iBy C. S. ANDERSON, Colorado Agricul
tural college, tort Collins.)
The day of standardization In the
jgg market is here. When eggs sold
for a cent nplece, the claim "na egg
Is aa egg" was accepted. With our
preseat increased prices, the con
sumer naturally is asking for grent
er quality and higher standardization
In tho products he buys.
A number of our best markets are
low demanding that eggs shall weigh
at least 24 ounces per dozen. They
must stand a candling test, be clean,
uniform in size, shape and color of
When rigid standards are well es
tablished the producer of first-class
fresh eggs will recefve a premium
and will no longer hnvo his prices
governed by the uagraded, poorly
PICK FEATHERS FROM GEESE
b Soon as Fowl Is Killed Dip It In.
Hot Water Three Times, Then
Wrap In Blanket.
Much of the trouble experienced
vhen picking geese may be avoided If
the goose, as soon as dead, Is dipped
In water almost at the boiling point
three times nnd then wrapped tightly
In n blanket or other material which
tvlll hold the steam. This will thor
oughly steam the feathers and down,
o that It will come off easily. Don't
nllow tho goose to remain wrapped up.
more than a full minute.
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