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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1917)
THE 8EMI.WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
RAISING TURKEYS ON RANCH
Now Found Only In Unsettled Foothill
Regions of California and Some
Turkey ranching is n new industry
born of the decreasing production of
turkeys on farms, according to nn ar
ticle in the recently published 1010
Yearbook of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.
Exclusive turkey ranching is now
found practically only in the unset
tled foothill regions of California and
Fine Type of Bronze Turkey.
in certain sections of Arizona and other
Western states. In these regions a
few persons arc engaged in raising
a thousand or more turkeys n season.
The establishments are located where
the range is unlimited nnd the natural
food of the turkey, such as grasshop
pers and other insects, green vegeta
tion, nnd the seeds of various weeds
and grasses, is abundant. Advantage
also is taken on these ranches of the
turkey's relish for acorns, and where
these are plentiful but little grain need
be usvd for fattening in the fall.
The large flocks of turkeys are man
aged much like herds of sheep, being
taken out to the range early in the
morning, nnd brought homo to roost
at night They are herded during the
day by men either on foot or on horse-
back, and by dogs especially trained
for the work.
BOTHER WITH EARLY CHICKS
Leg Weakness and Bowel Troubles
Are Most Common Complaints
Two Ordinary Causes.
Many have had trouble with their
early chicks. Leg weakness nnd bowel
trouble are the most common com
plaints. The general cnuses for these
troubles are overfeeding and too close
confinement and the two usunlly- go
together. That which would bo re
garded as overfeeding in small runs
would not be overfeeding where
tin chicks were out on the ground
and permitted to run at will. Chicks
confined to basement or In build
ings continually, should have moist
earth to scratcli in and even
then, should not be long confined to
The cold will not hurt .them if they
can return to the warm hover at will,
nnd they will very soon lenrn where to
LOSS OF INCUBATOR CHICKS
Poultry Specialist Saves Lives of Many
Young Fowls by Using Feather
Duster in Brooder.
A poultry specialist claims to bo
able to reduce loss among incubntor
chicks by providing the brooder with
feather dusters. The chicks in coming
in contact with the dusters imagine
thnt they are being brooded by a lien
and consequently do not become home-
pick nnd despondent over the fact that'
they have no mother to love them.
GOOD DUST BATH FOR FOWLS
Necessary In Every Poultry House That
Hens May Get Rid of Vermin
Fine Dust Is Best.
In every poultry house there should
bo a dust bath where the liens may
yet rid of lice.
Poultry lice breed through pores in
their sides and fine lust fills those
pores nnd suffocntes the vermin. Itond
dust, hard coal ashes or dry dust of
any kind will nccopllsh the purpose.
Salt for Breeding Stock.
. A little salt in the thy mash for the
breeding stock and In the feed for
newly hntched chicks will largely pre
vent the vice of toe-plcklng and can
nibalism. Eggs for Hen's Board.
Forty eggs laid by n lien between
November 1st nnd March 1st airply
pays for her year's feqd. It takes
from CO to SO to do so in midsummer.
INJURY BY CUTWORMS
Poisoned-Bran Bait Recommend
ed for Eradication.
Pests Frequently Do Severe Damage
Before Their Ravages Are No
tlced Insects Can Be Con
trolled by Remedies.
Tomntocs, cabbages, sweet potatoes,
lettuce and. other truck plants, espe
cially those which are started un
der glass uud transplanted, are sub
jtct to serious Injury by cutworms.
These pests appear sometimes In great
numbers In the spring nnd enrly sum
mer nnd frequently do severe Injury
before their rnvnges nre noticed.
Their method of attack is to cut off
the young plnnts at about the sur
fnco of the ground, nnd as these cater
pillars nro of largo size and voracious
feeders, they nro capable of destroy
ing many plants in a single night fro-
Cutworm Parent and Eggs.
quently more than they can devour.
Every yenr these Insects, working gen
erally throughout the Ufiited Stntes,
have destroyed hundreds of thousands
of dollars' worth of crops. By tho
timely application of remedies, how
ever, they readily can be controlled,
even over considerable nrens. The
usual method of control is by the use
of poisoned baits. ,
Take a bushel of dry bran, add one
pound of white arsenic or pnrls green,
nnd mix It thoroughly Into ninsh with
eight gallons of water In which has
been stirred half n gallon of sorghum
or other chenp molasses. (Arsenic
nnd pnrls green nre deadly poisons.
Handle them with great care.) This
nraount will be sufficient for the treat
ment of nbout four or five ncres of
cultivated crops. After the mash has
stood far several hours, scatter it, in
lumps nbout the size of a marble, over
the fields where the injury Is beginning
to appear and about the bases of the
plants set out. Apply Into in the day,
so. as to place the poison about the
plnnts before night, which is the time
when the cutworms are active. Apply
n second time, if necessnry. Keep
children, live stock and chickens away
from this bait.
DON'T NEGLECT BROOD MARES
Year's Efforts May Be Lost by Inatten
tion at Foaling Time Provide
A year's effort may be lost by neg
lecting brood mares at foaling time. In
view of the time which it takes to pro
duce a foal, one can III afford not to
give the necessary attention to the ani
mals. A little care for a few nights
will often save tho entire yenr's work.
E. A. Trowbridge, professor of animal
industry in the Missouri College of Ag
riculture, offers the following sugges
tions concerning the care of mares at
In fonl mnres may be worked to
within two or three days of foaling.
Should work cense before thnt time,
rations should be decreased materially.
Rations should consist of bran, oats
and other laxative foods.
In foal mares should be provided
with box stalls, If possible, some time
before they fonl. These stalls should
be kept clenn and properly disinfected.
As oon after birth as possible, the
foal's navel should bo tied and disin
fected with Iodine or some other good
disinfectant. Careful attention should
he given to see thnt the foal's digestive
appnratus and kidneys nre in working
order within 24 hours nfter birth.
Marcs, nfter foaling, should be given
water, not too cold and not in too Inrge
quantity. The ration for two or throe
days should bo comparatively light,
nnd similar in nnturc to that fed be
fore foaling. After nonnnl conditions
seem to hnvo been established, the ra
tion may be lncrensed.
SCALE INSECTS HURT FRUIT
San Jose Is by Far Most Injurious and
Will Destroy or Greatly Injure
Tho San Jose, oyster-shell and
scurfy scnles are very generally pres
ent in npple orchards throughout the
country. Tho Snn Jose scale Is by all
odds the most injurious nnd in the ab
sence of nnnunl treatment will destroy
or greatly injure tho trees. An indi
vidual scale Is about the size of a
pin hend, and has a nipple-like prom
inence in the center. When nbundnnt
tho scnles literally Incrust the limbs
nnd branches to which they give an
PIGS ARE FARMER'S STANDBY
Don't Sell Breeding Stock Because
Prices Are High Get Them Out
on Pasture Early.
Hogs will be the farmer's standby
as usual this year. Don't sell the
breeding stock because prices nre high :
raise some more of the snme. Pasture
the sows and pigs on alfalfa as soon
ns possible. If nlfalfa Is killed out,
rape In the corn or by itself will grow
forage quickly and Is almost as good
as alfalfa or clover for hog pasture.
.appliances of much value
Supply Bin, Self-Feeder, Feeding
Trough and Water Fountain
Can Be Made Cheaply.
Spccinl appliances are valuable In
poultry raising, nccordlng to Itoss M.
Sherwood, acting head of the depart
ment of poultry husbandry in the Kan
sas Stato Agricultural college. In
many cases those appliances enn be
made cheaply at homo.
The supply bin is used for con
venience, and saves going to the gran
ary, pointed out Mr. Sherwood. The
size depends on the number of fowls.
This Mi may be of mctnl or wood, or
even a tight barrel placed on the floor
or on the wall would unswer the pur
pose. The self-feeder is used for feeding
bone, mnsh or charcoal. This feeder
has u sloping bottom, nnd the feed
slips down as fast as It Is consumed.
It Is well to have it on n platform two
The feeding trough Is used for moist
mnslics. This may be mnde of" wood
or metal. Often n V-shaped trough
with slats across It Is used. The only
objection to wooden troughs Is that
milk sometimes gets In tho cracks and
causes poisonous molds to grow.
A water fountain mny be made by
taking n bucket, cutting n hole near
the top, and setting it upside down in
u pan. The top should not be Hut, so
that the chickens will perch on,lt, nnd
contaminate the water with droppings.
The pan should be on n platform so
that straw will not be scratched into It.
The devices for small chicks nre
nearly the same, except smaller. In
the self-feeder, bone is used. A net
ting is placed over the feeding trough
to keep the chicks from scratching the
GREAT IMPORTANCE OF BEES
Play Big Part In Pollenatlng Fruit
When Properly Handled Insects
It has been thoroughly demonstrated
thnt bees play an Important part in
pollenatlng fruit blossoms, nnd tho
fruit grower, If no bees are kept with
in a half-mile of his plnce, ought to
keep a few himself.
When properly handled, bees arc
usually tractable. As a general thing
they will mind their own business
much better than poultry or other
farm stock when left to themselves.
The wire netting veil of the device
Illustrated Is attached above to a hat
rim which passes over the crown of
any hat and below to a wide neck
waist which permits the head to be
turned freely. All openings nre pro
vided with elastic bands which pre
prevent tho entrance of bees.
UTILIZE ALL LOAFING ACRES
Many Patches on Farm That Do Not
Produce Enough to Pay for Taxes,
Let Alone Fencing.
Nearly every year there are a num
ber of acres on the farm that are
loafers, that do not contribute enough
to the products of the fnrm to pay for
taxes, let alone fencing. Tho first
thing to do with these is to drain
Others nre stony or gravelly por
tions which do not and will not pro
duce sufficient crops to pay for culti
vation; nnd the proper thing to Jo
with these is to sow them to tame
grasses, cover them over with Darn
yard manure, nnd let them stay In
grass. Sometimes n field has been
farmed so long that It has ceased to
be profitable, and the only thing to
do with this Is to put It down in
tame grass and apply manure heavily.
There are frequently ncres -in the
fnrm that are out of the way, that
could better be planted to timber of
some kind suitable to tho neighbor
hood. Sometimes there are corners
in a field cut off by a stream, or so in
conveniently located that they cannot
be farmed to advnntnge. The time lias
j now come when we can put these in
SAVE DROPPINGS FROM HENS
When Properly Preserved, an Excel
lent Fertilizer, Nearly Equal
to Bone, Is Secured.
The droppings of grain-fed hens,
properly preserved, Is an excellent mu
nure, nearly equal to a good bone fer
tilizer. The droppings should ho
s?ept up ench morning nnd packed In
barrels between layers of sifted earth.
To prevent loss of ammonia, sprinkle
each layer with land plaster or kalnlt.
Tho droppings from 100 hens per
night will weigh about eight pounds.
When mixed with absorbents, such as
plaster or sawdust or loam, lien ma
nure is a one-sldpd nitrogenous fer
tilizer. As usunlly managed, most of
tho nitrogen passes off In the nlr. He
cause of Its high quantity of nitrogen,
It should be used in connection with
some good bone fertilizer rich in phos
phoric acid and potash.
RECORDS WILL AID BREEDER
Dairyman Must Answer Various Ques
tions Asked by Prospective Buy
er of Herd Sire.
(Hy U W. WING, Jit., Missouri And
The present sharp competition In the
dairy husluess nnd the Increased price
of feed force the successful dairyman
to secure the groutcst return possible
from his outlay. If he has registered
cows he expects more for his progeny
than if he had only grades. Hut to
obtain more and enough more to pay
to keep purebred stock, the dairymen
must be able to answer the following
Superior Purebred Bull.
questions from the prospective buyer
of a herd sire. Is the sire registered?
What Is the record of ills dam 7 Now
ninny advance registry daughters and
proved sons hns his sire? And what
are the records of his grunddiuns and
granilslres? If the breeder Is selling
u registered cow he must answer:
What Is her record; tho record of her
dams and granddams and the ability
of her sire and grandslres to produce
advance registry daughters and proved
VALUABLE HINTS FOR DAIRY
Overfeeding CauseB More Trouble
Than Underfeeding Make Change
to Skim Milk Gradual.
(By II. II. KILDRK, University Knrm, St.
In rearing and developing dairy
Don't overfeed. Twice ns many
calves are stunted by overfeeding as
Don't change suddenly from wlioje
to skim milk.
Don't keep calves In damp, dark,
crowded, poorly ventilated barns.
Don't feed milk In dirty palls.
Don't be Irregular as to tlmo of feed
ing, temperature or amount of milk.
Don't feed too much alfalfa hay bo
fore the calf Is threo months old.
Don't let calves suck each other
after drinking milk. They should bo
plnccd in stnnehions and fed grain.
Don't make calf go without water
because It has had milk.
Don't let calf drink foaming milk
just from the separator.
MILKR00M IS A NECESSITY
Particularly Desirable In Warm
Weather and Should Be Screened
and Kept Clean.
A mllkroom Is u necessity in dairy
ing, according to W. E. Tomson, In
structor In dairy husbandry in the
Kansas Stnte Agricultural college.
A mllkroom Is needed nt all times,
hut is particularly important in warm
weather, pointed out Mr. Tomson. Milk
must be kept nwny from files. Tho
room should be tightly screened and
kept in n sanitary condition. .
The mllkroom affords good facilities
for keeping tho milk cool. This is es
sential because when the temperature
of the milk is higher than 5 degrees
undesirable bacteria that euuw the
milk to spoil In n short time nre likely
to develop. -
GOOD TREATMENT FOR COLIC
Disorder Is Result of Fettfln? Materials
Not Adapted to Stomach of
Colic In cnlven Is the result of feed
ing mnterlnls not adapted to the un
developed stomach of the young mil
uinl, or the feeding of the regulnr ra
tion at unusual hours or In unusual
HMiounts. Tho cnlf usually suffers vio
lent abdominal pains, Indicated by an
unusual activity of the animal, fre
quent and continuous kicking, and,
finally, completo prostration. Unless
.relieved within n short time, dentil
usually follows. A standard treatment
Is to drench tho calf at intervals of
two hours with n mixture containing
n teaspoonful of turpentine nnd a
tahlespoonful of raw linseed oil.
GIVE RIGHT AMOUNT OF FEED
Careful Feeders Study Individual Ani
mals and Keep Them at Their
Many careful feeders have their
cows giving tho most milk four or
livo weeks after the freshening time.
They study tho Individual animals and
endenvor to keep them nt their mnxl
mum production by giving Just tho
iglit amount of feed nnd no more.
Our Nation Is Stirred
To Ms Very Foundation
MEN WOMEN MONEY ro being mobilixed for protection of our home.
The Slnngal Dtftntt (or the homo it n certificate of Life Insurance in the
Woodmen of the World
850,000 Members; $33,000,000.00 Assets. Ask any member or write
W. A. PHASER, Sovereign Commander
W. O. W. Building ... Omaha, Nebraska
PUPIL GAVE TEACHER AWAY
Told How Instructor Managed to Have
Students Always Make Perfect
Record In Examinations.
A schoolteacher was recently com
plimented on tho success nttcndlng
tho examination of her pupils. When
n question was put ovcry hand In tho
class was raised. Although moro than
n Bcoro of questions wcro asked, in no
Instnnco was nn Incorrect answer giv
en. Ono of tho teachers whoso pupils
did not acquit themselves very credit
ably mndo nn Investigation and suc
ceeded In gaining tho conlldenco of a
scholar under tho euro of her sucess
"Now," sho said, "how is It that all
of you are ablo to reply to tho queo
tlons?" "Hut wo'ro not."
"At all events, you put up your
hnnds ns If you were."
"Yes, wo all put up our hands. Uut
those' who don't know tho answer put.
up their left hnnds, and those who do
put up their right hands. The right
hand boys reply; tho others don't."
FOR ITCHING, BURNING SKINS
Bathe With Cutlcura Soap and Apply
tho Ointment Trial Free.
For eczemas, rashes, ltchlngs, irrita
tions, pimples, dandruff, sore hnnds,
and baby humors, Cutlcura Soap and
Ointment nro supremely effective. Ho
slde8 they tend to prevent these dis
tressing conditions, If used for every
day toilet and nursery preparations.
Free sample each by mnll with Hook.
Address postcard, Cutlcura, Dept. L,
Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv.
He Would Pay.
It happened nt a Christmas party.
A pretty young lady had asked ono of
tho male guests to pass a dish of al
monds and raisins.
"With pleasure," ho replied, "but do
you know that what you have asked
for Is callod In tho vernacular 'Kiss
nilsH, and thnt the penalty of n kiss
nttnehes to tho request?"
"Is that so?" answered tho lady,
calmly. "I must consult my husband."
And she called across the room to him,
and repeated the observation.
"Quito so," ho replied. "According
to custom It Is n Just debt and must
bo paid. Hut Is the gentleman aware
of tho arrangement niude when we
were married that I must settlo all
my wife's liabilities?"
Disproving a Theory.
The man who had a theory was ex
pounding It. '
"Kverybody Is more or less of u
poet," he said. "There's not u person
on earth, and there never has been a
person who hadn't u spark of. divine
afllatus. It's only a matter of degree
of Inspiration of power to express, that
mnkes the difference."
"I disagree witli you," put In an
uudltor, positively. "There was one
man who couldn't have been a poet."
"Who was that, may I ask?"
"How do you make out that Adam
couldn't have been a poet?"
"Why, that's simple. Poets are born
and not made." Cleveland Plain
Former Premier Items Vlvlanl of the
French commission Impressed the
country with his eloquence.
They tell a story of M. VlvlanPs
youth. Ho had accepted an invitation
to address a political meeting, nnd he
launched Into his maiden speech with
trepidation. Uut he carried all before
lilin, and, when he purposed to sit
down, thero were loud cries of:
"flo on I Keep her up! Qo on!"
"Do you really wish mo to go on?"
said M. Vlvlanl.
"Yes I Yes I Go on ! flo on I" shout
ed the audience.
"Then this Is the exact point," said
M. Vlvlanl, "where a capable speaker
Force of Habit.
"I want three eggs and boll them
three minutes. I am hungry how
soon can I have them?"
"In a minute, sir."
Actions j-pcnU louder than words,
and notions are what are most needed
The girl with stnrry eyes and striped
hosiery always makes a fellow feel
Bathe In Moonlight.
The palo moonlight thnt bathes each
night the several hundred frame build
ings at Fort Benjamin Harrison which
house the student officers and tho reg
ulnr army men, shines also over tho
tents of two Indiana National Quard
companies, tho First Indiana field hos
pital nnd ambulance company No. 1.
Lato in tho afternoon Is bath tlmo
with the student officers, nnd with tho
regulars, and tho bathhouses, one for
encli company, nro nbout tho busiest
places at the fort, especially nfter n
round of trench-dlgglng. But tho men
of the field hospital don't enro for
bathing In the afternoon. Night tlmo
Is tho time for them. Their bath
houses nro ns open ns tho air, tho
bathing facilities provided consisting
qnly of showers set up In tho open
back of their camp. So, lato In tho
evening, guards are set out, and forms,
pallid In tho moonlight, cmcrgo from
the tents, run to the showers, shiver
In the cold water, and bent n hasty
retreat to the tents. Indianapolis
Little Bodily Energy In Potatoes.
A pound of potatoes yields hardly,
one-fifth as much body energy ns a
p'ound of rice, comment, or wheat.
This is partly because they aro much
more watery and pnrtly because n
large proportion Is discarded with tho
skins. Part of this loss Is Inovltnhlo
becauso tho skin Itself Is not usunlly
considered gjiod to cnt; but tho moro
enretessly potatoes aro pared, the moro
of the valuable edible substance goes
with the skin.
"How old would a person bo who
was horn In 1870?"
"Man or woman?"
Don't take chances
this year J Use
Excerti Inching "cold pick" canninf inn GOOD
LUCK rubber! LecauM they won't "blow-out"
during iter dilation not harden, ihrinlc or crick after
fSe jar it acaled. Send 2c ttamp (or new brok on
prnmring or lOcin itarnpi (or I dot. rinn if your
dealer cannot lupply you. AJJrtiM Dipt. S4
BOSTON WOVEN IIOSK A HUUDKU CO.
SCfH All Flies! iSJP0
riaecd amrwIiero.D.tij) riy Klll.r attract and a lilt all
filaa. Meat, clean, ornamental, convenient, and ehaep.
. . .a Hie
lip Mriwlilnot J 9m
UdaSetlr A lifer
SoM by datr. r 6
to; Mraat. priiJ ft, Of,
HAROLD SOMM1S, 160 OI HALO AVI., BROOKLYN, H. V
LOSSES SURELY PREVENTED
by CUTTER'S BLACKLEQ PILLS
treth. relUble l
wettera ttock. "
tni n. becauso they
T nt whera other
SO-deit nkj. Blackleg Pllti. 54.00
Vie any Injector, but Cutter! tlmpleit and itionf.lt.
Tho superiority ot Cutter product! li due to over IS
yetri ol ipecltllilni In VACCINES AND SERUMS
only. Insist o currbn's. II uaobuiuaUe,
tti Csttir t:l:rt!err, Ittitliy, CiL, cr CMcm, l!L
VITTTO woran as well as men
nre mado miserable by
"TV") kidney nnd bladder trou
7 bio. Thousands rocont-
RT.AMF, nlen(1 n". Kilmer's
uuivimu Swamp-rioot. tho ureal
kidney medicine, At drtiKBlsts In tlfty
cent nnd dollar siren. You may receive u
sample size bottlo by Parcel Post, also
pnmphlot tolling about It. Address Dr.
Kilmer & Co., BlnKhnmton, N. Y., and
encloso ten cents, also mention this paper.
A toilet preparation of merit,
JTelpt to (radical dandruff.
ForRcttorlne Color and
DoautytoCray or Faded Hair,
too, and II, Wat Dmricltti.
JPATEa&STT Watson K. Oolemma,
E U B EaBB B is INHenl lawyer Weehlngton!
-a aam H -V3 0 AdTleo and bookree!
ltatoa reasonable, lllgbnu reference!. UoalaorrlCM.
BEST BUYERSSELLEnS cattu
hogsamsheep STOCK YARDS-OMAHAi
STRAIILE S. ANDERSON. Inc.
316 S. 101b St. OMAHA. NED.
runnorau ni iu
uooras from jl.uu up Blualo, 75 cents up double.
CAFE PJIICI&S KEASONAULQ
FILMS DEVELOPED FREE
When Prlnto Ara Ordered
rrlntii2Wx3M.3cenltiiS;x4M. 4 center
postal curd btze, 0 oema, postpaid.
Ucaton Photo Supply Co.
1 5th & Fannara Sta. Omaha. Neh.
W. N. U.( OMAHA, NO. 28-1917.
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