Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1917)
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
BROKE n LINE
details of Important Allied Vic
tory Before Ypres.
OLD SCORE IS WIPED OUT
.Capture of Messlnes Ridges Peculiarly
' Gratifying, as It Was the Scene
of Former British Defeat
With tho British Armies In France,
June 7. In one of tho most oltfborntcly
planned nnd daringly executed ma
neuvers of tho wnr Sir Douglas Ilalg's
forces have dcult n mighty blow
against the German line In Belgium,
nnd been rewarded with notable gains
in terrain nnd the capture of more
than 5,000 prisoners and numerous
guns of vnrlous caliber. In addition
they Inflicted heavy casualties on tlie
Tho Germans, though apparently
nwnre thnt the blow was coming and
seemingly prepared to meet It, were
driven from their nearly three years'
hold on Messlnes ridge, opposlto "poor
old" Ypres. Ypres In a sense was
avenged today, for Messlnes ridge has
been the vantnge point from which the
Germans have poured torrents of shells
Into the stricken city. The British also
wiped off nn old score ngalnst the Gor
mnns, for they held tho ridge In Octo
ber, 1914, nnd with very thin, forces,
nnd virtually no artillery, fought blood
lly but vnlnly to hold It when tho Prus
sian troops massed their modern and
overpowering weapons of war against
Prisoners taken declared that the
bombardment of VImy ridge was
child's play compared with the gunfire
turned upon Messlnes ridge.
Triumph for Artillery.
This fire reached Its climax Just
as dawn was graying the eastern skies
nnd while the full moon was still sus
pended high In the heavens.
The nttack was accompanied by nil
ihc arts and deviltries of latter-day
Avar. Tho enemy guns nnd gun crews
lind been bathed for days In gas shells
sent over by the long-rnnge British
Tho night was filled with red In
cendiary flames. Shells that spurted
lead In streams crashed In appalling
numbers about tho heads of the de
fending soldiers. High-explosive nnd
shrapnel fire was carried out with such
rapidity that the earth writhed under
tho force of tho attack.
Mines thnt had taken two -years to
dig and fill with an overwhelming ex
plosive broke Into an avalanche of
flaming destruction In the hnlf light of
lawn. This was Indeed an Ypres day
of retaliation and victory, for the
virions Kiifferlnirs of two venrs nnd
Gunners Strip to Waist.
It was a day of Intense heat, nnd tho
gunners worked stripped to the waist.
The nttack went forward with clock
The British casualties were . slight,
Three out of four of the casualties
were reported to be walking cases, who
would return to duty In a few dnys.
The attack began nt dawn, nnd the
setting was as picturesque as can well
be Imaginable. The day before had
been hot and sultry. Toward evening
there was a series of thunder storms
which extended well Into the night, tho
lightning mingling with tho flashes of
the guns, but the thunder being virtu
ally unnoticed amid the din of the can
non. A full moon struggled contlnu
ously td break through the heavy
clouds which scudded across the vel
vety night sky.
Sing on Way to Fight.
On the way to the front were all the
familiar pictures of the war endless
trains of motor trucks; nil varieties
of horse transport, the "British sol
diers mnrchlng to battle light of heart
nnu singing songs tnmuiar m every
In the shadow of an old windmill
which has withstood the storms of a
century and been undaunted by nearly
three yenrs. of wnr, tho correspondent
witnessed the Inst phases of tho seven
day preliminary bombardment nnd the
final outburst of the guns which cent
tho British Infantry confidently on
their way to new successes In fighting
the grentest military nntlon tho world
hns ever known.
From the German line tho snme
lazy, looping rocket signals were as
ccndlng tp Illuminate the treacherous
bit of ground between the trenches
known ns No Mnn's Land. This night
ly "straffing" had been going on so
long that the enemy considered It en
tlrely normal and took no nlarm. Oc
casionally blue and yellow rockets
would be flung Into tho air by Germans
holding the front line.
One by one' the guns boenmo silent
There was tho old "grandmother"
howitzer of enormous caliber, which
kept breaking tho pence nt flve-mln
ute Intervals, tho shock of each suc
ceeding explosion nnd the shriek of
the heavy shells being cmplmslzcd by
the silence which Iny over all tho sur
Like Volcanoes In Eruption.
Day was scarcely breaking when
from the dimly visible ridge n score
of fiery volcanoes seemed suddenly to
spring from the earth. Tho night had
been filled with strange noises nnd still
stranger sights, but those mnsses of
flame, leaping from tho ground, hnd a
meaning nil their own. They were the
snectnculnr outward and visible evl
donees of more than n million pounds
of high explosives which had been
burled deep In mines below Uio ene
iny's positions for months.
All the world appeared lurid and
horrlblo under the sinister glow. Tho
earth shook as If torn by a great seis
mic disturbance. It wns not a single
shock. Tho force 6f tho explosion
actually set the earth rocking to nnd
fro, nnd under tho Influence of tho
giant guns, which Immediately began
to roar from fnr nnd near, tho trem
bling continued Indefinitely. It was
3:10 o'clock when this flnnl terrific
It has seemed thnt tho bnttle of tho
Sommo nttnlned the ultlmntc In tho
close assembly of wnr weapons, but
this sudden outpouring on Mes
rldgo wns bcy.ond nil cnlculntlon. '
lighter field guns fnr forward sot up u
perfect curtain fire, under which tho
nssnultlng troops trudged confidently
to their nllottcd goals. Farther back
the deep-throated heavies began to
pour out torrents of high explosive
shells on tho German trenches nnd
communications, while still other guns
mough to win nny ordlnnry battle
confined themselves solely to tho task
of deluging Gorman guns nnd gunners.
In bnths of gns fired In shells of ev
ery concelvnble caliber.
Tho effect of this counter battery
work wns not appreciated until Inter
In tho day, when the Infantry sent
bnck word that their progress had
not been hnmpercd 'by tho enemy nr
tlllery and that their "casualties
amounted 4o virtually nothing.
Enemy Signals for Help.
Great black observation balloons
had stolen skyward during the din of
the newly begun battle. In the wood
back ot tho windmill spring birds,
nwnkened by the deafening clamor,
had begun to sing Joyously. Like so
many children who have come Into tho
consciousness of being In tho midst of
the war,- these birds regarded tho np-
pnlllng noise of the battle as a normal
condition of life.
The smoke of tho giant mines ex
ploded nlong the battle front mean
time rose In great, curling plumes to
ward the sky nnd was punctuated by
red signals for help from tho stricken
Germnns in the front and support
lines. Never was tho air filled with
more frantic notices of danger. Tho
entire horizon glowed with red bnlls
of fire sent up by the nervous Ger
mans. Moro nnd moro British airplanes bo
gnn to make their appearance. One
flew over the lines, the flashes of the
guns being reflected brilliantly on Its
highly glnzed wings.
Under this nppnlllng fire trudged for
ward on the ten-mile front General
Plumer's army. At many places the
men found Gorman troops utterly
dazed by tho mine explosion and tho
ordeal of the nrtlllcry fire.
First Taste of New Warfare.
Many of those troops had but recent
ly come from Russia, where they had
spent IS months and know nothing of
what actual warfare "was like on the
western front. They hnd bolted' at the
first mine explosion nnd had only boon
gathered together In groups by their
noncommissioned officers- when tho
British nppenred out of the smoke and
shells and made them prisoner.
They said they had been given to
understand by their olllcers that the
British always killed their prisoners,
It wns really pitiful In some Instances
to see tho manner in which these pris
oners cringed to their captors.
As a matter of fact, the British sol
dier, when the fighting Is done, is in
clined almost too strongly to treat tho
German prisoners as pals. Some of
the prisoners taken todny had only
gone Into tho Gorman lines Inst night
and hnd made their way forward un
der n galling fire and hnd lost heavily,
But the troops already In the line were
calling for relief in such n manner that
their appeals could not be dented.
Failed to Time Attack.
In view of the fact that the attack
had been expected the Germnn com
manders wero endeavoring to get their
best units actually Into tho fighting
front, but hnd underestimated when
tho British would strike. Tho troops
In a strange line wero utterly bewll
dcred when the attack began nnd .fell
easy prey to tho advancing British.
Tho Irish, New Zenlandcrs and Aus
tralians, who had been rehearsed In
every detail of "the show," know Just
what to do from the moment the word
to advance was given.
Tho battle wns far more visible dur
ing tho first uncertain moments than
Inter when the sun gradually burned
Its way through the eastern bnnks of
clouds. By thnt tlmo the smoko of ex
ploding shells and the vnpors from the
blinding barrage, which had been part
of tho artillery duty, obscured tho more
distant lnndscnpo to such nn extent
that the roaring guns could not bo seen
at all, although the firing was almost
nt ono's feet. The brilliantly leaping
shrapnel shells, brenklng fnr nbovo
ground, appeared through a thick mist
only as brief and brilliant electric
British Planes Rule Air.
For u month past, but especially
since June 1, tho airplanes on this
front hnve been Indcfntlgnbly at work
during every possible flying hour.
They had brought down nearly 00 ma
chines In sir days as a means of blind
ing the enemy. Lately tho Germans
have endeavored valiantly to obtain
airplane observations for their nrtll
lery, but their observing- mnchtnes
havo seldom been nblo to direct moro
than one or two shots before the Brit
ish fighting scouts had pounced upon
them and either sent them crashing to
tho earth or had driven them to cover
at breakneck speed.
Todny tho British planes flew fnr
nnd long over tho enemy's retreating
lines nnd wero only challenged by
some very bnd-shootlng nntl-ulrcrnft
batteries. All through tho day British
planes ruled the air. They co-operated
actively with the British artillery and
Infantry In maintaining the success of
this brilliant eplsodo in modern war
1 Scene in tho great Russian fortress of Kronstndt, whoso gnrrlsdn revolted
government. 2 Eleanor Parker of Barnard college nnd diaries r . runups unu uwen untteu or uoiumom university,
who were arrested in Now York for conspiring against tho draft; Phillips pleaded guilty and asked permission to
register. 3 Brig. Gen. It. E. L. Michle, aid to General Scott In tho Root mission now In Russia ; tho low-collared uni
form he hns on Is now disapproved by the war department. 4 -Ono of the battering rams used by tho Germans to
destroy without explosives tho cottuges
6? ofiT uirrir
More Than Ten Million Young
Americans Register for
PERSHING REACHES ENGLAND
British Start Tremendous Offensive In
Belgium, First Blowing Up Messlnes
Ridge Japan Warns Russia
Against Withdrawing From the
War Food Scarcity Wor
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
More than 10,000,000 men between
the nges -ot twenty-ono and thirty
yenrs responded to the cnll of tho na
tion on Tuesdny, Juno C, registration
day for the national army. Thus tho
first step In tho execution of the se
lective service law was completed with
gratrfylng success and the predictions
of the Germnns nnd of the traitors in
America who side with them that the
registration would bo a fulluro wero
That there would be opposition to
the registration wns n foregone con
clusion, but It was sporadic and on
the whole wns of no Importance. Such
hostile demonstrations ns there were
generally took place In strongholds of
tho I. W. W. and tho Socialists and
were promptly Bquelched.
Returns from some stntes were be
low the estimates of tho census bu
reau, but in other states those esti
mates were exceeded. A largo pro
portion of those registering claimed
exemption, usunlly because of depend
ent relatives, and the war department
officials, as a result, Intimated that the
rules governing exemption would bo
The considerable number of claims
for exemption really does not moan
thnt so many young Americans desire
to nvold service. Such a conclusion
would be most unjust, for everywhere
there were evidences of unbounded pa
triotism and loynlty, and the Indica
tions of exemption claims arose mainly
from the necessary answers to ques
tions thnt were .merely stntlstlcnl.
As soon ns tho machinery of regis
tration is readjusted, 1,000,000 names
will be drafted, the exemption boards
will do their work and 025,000 men
will bo cnlled for Immediate service.
Pershing Arrives In England.
The safe arrival of General Per
shing nnd his staff at an English port
waR announced on Friday.
The nnvnl collier Jupiter, laden with
grain and other supplies for the Per
shing army and escorted by American
warships, nrrlved at a French port;
n squadron of our wnrshlps arrived
nt Rio do Janeiro, Brazil, presumably
to relieve the British navy of the pa
trol of the South Atlantic; nnd moro
hospital units landed In Englnnd and
proceeded to France. So much the
government allowed to bo known of
tho movements of our nrmed forces,
Military expediency demanded tho sup
pression of much more Interesting
Preparations havo boon made for tho
reception of American troops In
France. A number of bases hnvo been
organized, camps for Infantry and ar
tillery have been laid out, and nvlntlon
From France camo tho news of tho
exploit of tho American steamship
Sllvershell which encountered an ene
my submnrine In tho Mediterranean.
Tho two vessels fought for nn hour
and n half, exchanging many shots,
nnd then ono shell fired by the naval
gunners on tho Sllvershell found Its
mnrk nnd tho U-boat was sent to tho
British Offensive In Flanders.
After n smashing bomhnrdment Inst
Ing three days, tho British began their
expected offensive In Glanders early
Thursday morning with nn explosion
that was heard by Premier Lloyd
Georgo nt Walton Ileath, 140 miles
away. Nino miles of Germnn positions
' alone tho Yprcs-Armentleres front
In tho French territory from which they
were blown Into tho nlr by 20 charges
of high explosives, totaling n million
pounds. Instantly the Englishmen,
Irishmen, Australians and Now Zen
landers that make up tho British army
In Belgium sprang forward In succes
sive waves, and ono of tho fiercest
imttlcs of tho wnr was on.
Tho nttack wns directed at tho Mes
slnes ridge, between Messlnes and
Wytschnete, where over since October
of 1014 tho Germnns bad mnlntnlned
themselves In n sharp salient thnt al
ways threatened xpres, only tnreo
miles to the north. Tho morning rush
resulted In the enpture of Messlnes
and Wytschaeto and tho enemy's dc-
fenso systems on the nlne-mllo front,
nnd later In the day another forwnrd
movement took the British Into and
through tho village of Oosttaverne.
The entlro salient wns straightened out
and nil tho counter-nttneks wero re
pulsed. Any considerable further ad
vance in this sector will threaten tho
Germnn hold on Lille, which Is nhout
five miles from tho nearest British po
sition. Lnrgo numbers of prisoners
already havo been taken.
The Germans must havo known that
the attnek of Messlnes rldgo wns In
tended, for tho preparatory bombard
ment wns terrific, nnd yot reports from
prisoners Indicated that thoy actually
wero taken by surprise.
'In preparation for tho operations In
Flnnders tho British fleet co-opernted
with tho land forces, subjecting Os-
tend to severo bomhnrdment. Tho
British air forces nlso wero In action,
repeatedly raiding tho German bases
at Zeebrugge, Ostend nnd Bruges. In
retaliation n squadron of German nlr-
plancs ntlackcd the British naval base
In tho Medway, close to London, on
Tuesday, but was driven off with tho
loss of eight machines.
Several times during tho week the
Germans made vicious attacks. In tho
Alsno nnd Chnmpagno sectors and
oven gained possession of some French
positions; but the gallant pollus al
most Immediately recovered tho lost
ground, Inflicting severe losses on tho
The Austrlnns claimed to hnvo ef
fectually checked tho Italian ndvanco
toward Trieste, nnd nnnounced thnt
the Itndan losses In the offensive were
180.000 men. On Tuesday the Italians
were forced bnck south of Jamlnno.
Dispatches from Romo revealed the
fact that Italy had proclaimed tho In
dependence of Albania.
Once moro tho British admiralty is
sued a very satisfactory report on
tho work of tho submarines, showing
but 23 British vessels sunk In tho
week, five of which were fishing ves
sels. Tho American destroyers com
plctcd their first month In tho wnr
and have proved themselves most vnlu
able aids to the British nnvnl forces.
Russia Is Warned.
Conditions In Russlu remain chaotic,
though they may bo straightened out
somowhnt by the work of tho Root
commission and the American rallwny
engineers. Tho revolt of 'the garrison
of Kronstndt," which declared tho Is
land fortress Independent of tho gov
eminent, caused considerable concern
In Pctrogrnd, but as tho action of tho
garrison wns denounced by tho Petro
grad council of workmen's nnd sol
diers' dclegntcs it collapsed, and tho
garrison bowed to tho nuthorlty of
tho provisional government.
Following President Wilson's exam
ple, Franco replied to Russia's state
ment of her peuce plan by setting
forth In a general way the demands of
the French. These, embodied In t
voto of the chamber of deputies, In
cludo the liberation of tho territories
invaded by Germany, the return. to
Franco of Alsace-Lorraine nnd Just
repnratlon for damage,
Japan also took official cognizance
last week of tho Russian crisis, In
forming the government nt Potrograd
that If Russia withdraws from tho wnr
Japan, In consultation with England
nnd tho United States, will consider
what measures to adopt. The pro
visional government was warned that
if Russia accepts a separate peace It
will become another Austria under tho
domination of Germany, will loso Po
land, Llthunnln nnd Finland nnd will
be stripped of many of her outlying
possessions, Furthermore, Japan In
formed Great Britain that while, in
case of Russia's withdrawal from the
entente, Jnpnu would prefer to send
her troops to Franco rather than to
undertake military chastisement of
but later yielded to tho provisional
are being driven by tho allies.
Russia, If tho now situation seemed
to threaten Japan tho latter would
tnko measures for sclf-protectlon. This
means she would dcclnro war on Rus
sia nnd take away Manchurjn nnd pos
sibly, outer Mongolia.
The best Informed opinion Is thnt
tho entente allies havo little to hope
from Russia Jn tho way of furthur ac
tive participation In tho war. If sho
can bo persuaded to reject a scptirnto
peaco and to hold tho Germans back
from further Invasion, that is about
the limit of reasonable expectation.
The provisional government seems ut
terly lacking In cohesion uud Its power
The strike of munition workers In
Potrograd was averted on Wednesday,
but only by granting tho demands of
tho men. Including tho six-hour dny.
General Brusslloff was made com
mander In chief of tho Russian nrmles,
and General Gurko again resigned na
commnnder on tho western front.
Two Things Worry Germany?
Two things urc causing especial
anxiety in Germnny. Ono is tho per
sistent demand of tho masses In Austria-Hungary
for a peace on tho
Schcldcmnnn plnn of no annexations
nnd no Indemnities n separate peaco
If Germany remains obdurate. Tho
Germuu Socialists arc aroused to au
ger by"" tho prospect of this breaking
up of tho alllonce of tho central pow
ers, nnd lay all tho blame on tho pnn-
Tho other cnusc for Germnn worry
Is the scurclty of food, which admit
tedly Is Increasing throughout tho cm
plro. Food Controller von BatoCkl
told tho rclchstncr that tho potato crop
Is smaller than was expected, and 'that
tho crops In tho occupied territories
1 .11 I I ....... . .... eteeA
nra n crcat uisuimmjiui.uii.-ui. uo oc
will hardly germinate In ruined soil
In Turkey, Bulgaria and Austria, ho
udmitted, tho food situation was des
perate. Tho cities nnd towns over
there nro suffering far moro than tho
country districts, for tho peasants re
tain much of the meats and other food
stuffs they produce, despite tho of-
forts of the offlclnjs to forco them to
disgorge. In somo parts of Germany
tho townspeople have been conducting
regular expeditious Into the country to
seize food, by nrmed forco If neces
Tho wnr and the question of Chlnu's
Dartlclnatlon therein nro causing
lot of trouble for tho rulers of thnt so-'
called republic. Tho situation Is con
fusing to occidentals, but tho concreto
results havo Included the revolt of 11
provinces, which formed n provisional
government, and tho resignation of tho
vico president. .
Germany undertook to appease
Spnln by upologlzlng for tho sinking of
n Spanish vessel and offering to pny
damages, but tho Spaniards are still
angry and tho food situation there la
bad. " King Alfonso last weok made a
demand on the central powers that tho
abuse of Jews In Pnlestinb bo stopped,
and In th(s was backed up by tho Ar
Northcllffe Comes to America.
An Interesting development of tho
week wns tho ucccptunco by Lord
Northcllffe of tho position of bend of
tho British war commission In tho
United Stntes In succession to Arthur
J. Bnlfour. Tho great editor nnd pub
lisher Is. next to Lloyd-George,- tho
most Influential man in Great Britain
and it is predicted that his work In
America will bo momontous.
A neat example uf Gorman methods
of oppression is supplied by tho treat
ment of Mons, Thnt Belgian town
was fined $100,000 last week becauso
a Belgian puper, printed In Holland
announced thnt Crown Prlnco Ru
prccht of Buvarla was In Mons when
that city wns bombnrded by nllled nlr-
men nlso, probably, becauso the Ger
mans needed tho money.
Tho flnnnco committee of tho sennto
put In another strenuous week rovumn
Ing tho wnr revenue bill, and flnnlly
got It In shopo for consideration by
The campaign for tho snlo of Lib
erty bonds Is still being carried on
with vigor und tho greatest success
throughout tho country.1 Why It should
bo necessary to urgo people to put
their money Into these absolutely safo
arid very deslrablo securities Is not
easily understandable, but slnco It Is,
tho men who hnvo tho work In chnrgo
nro to bo highly commended for tho
skill, persistency and Ingenuity with
which they aro pushing the campaign-
"I'll go to this musical comedy with
you If you nro sure the chorus will bo
properly clad," said the. model young
"Have no fenrs ns to thnt. I enn
nssuro you thnt this show was pro
duced by n man who has boiuo regard
for tho proprieties."
"Yes. Ho won't stnnd for bnro legs.
If n chorus girl won't wear tights she
can't work for him."
A Crack Shot
"It Is my aim," said tho nngulnr fe
male, who took In boarders becauso
she needed the money, "to give my
guests only thu most substantial food."
"And every tlmo you aim you man
age to hit the bullsoyo," rejoined tho
pale young man. "Your beefsteak Is
undeniably the most substantial tlilug
wns ever Introduced to outside a
Turning of the Worm.
Mrs. Enpeck I found ono of your
old lovo letters while cleaning houso
Enpeck Did It contain nnythlng of
a startling nature?
Mrs. Enpeck Well, you stnted In It.
that you would jnther dwell In endless'
torment with mo than to live in bliss
Enpeck Huh 1 My fool "dream cer
tainly camo out, nil right, didn't It?
Tho Reformer Aro you In fnvor of
Tho Politician Sure. You could buy.
all the votes you wanted for $1.08.
Two sides thoro are to everything
That's said or thought or done.
And yet, two-thirds of us, by Jlng,
Can only look at one.
Not Much Progress.
"At nn curly ngo ho was thrown on
his own resources."
"And now he's a millionaire. Think
of thnt t"
"Oh, ho doesn't deserve much credit
nis resources nt the tlmo wero soveral
A Fellow Feeling.
"So politics bores you?"
"Yes," replied the unpatriotic citi
"Well, you nro not tho only person
who feels thnt wny, As u matter of
fact, politics bores a great many states
men who regret the necessity of hav
ing to get out at periodic lntorvuls and'
hustlo for re-election."
Anxious to Save Him.
"What nre you doing thoro?"
"Figuring on the upkeep of an auto
mobile." "You can't afford to buy an automo
bile." "I know It. I'm Just getting up somo
data with whlqh. to convlnco n friend
of mlno thnt ho can't afford to buy ono
No Place for Idlers.
"Going to tnko any summer board
ers this yeur?"
"No," replied Farmer Corntossel.
"Don't expect to have much food to
wnsto on folks that spend their time
swlngln' In hammocks or slttln' on tho
porch tcllln' riddles."
Hobo Say, mister, would youso
mlnd stnkin' u poro man wot nln't got
no homo, tor n fow pennies?
Enpeck Whntl You ain't got no
homo? Say, old chap, you nro playing
In gront luck. Why, you can stny out
all night every night If you wunt to
and nover got a call down.
"nero's a lotter from Dubwnlto. His
chlrogrnphy Ih Improving,"
"Thut's good. What'a ho taking for,
Powered by Open ONI