The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, May 09, 1916, Image 6
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA. WASTE PRODUCTS FROM CANNERIES MAY BE UTIL Cherry Pits, Now Source of An noyance, Can Be Made to Yield VaJuable Oils. NEW INDUSTRY IS POSSIBLE Specialists In U. 8. Department of Ag riculture Declare Also That 105, 000 Gallons of Juice Now Thrown Away May Do Converted Into Jelly and Sirup. Washington, D. C Sixteen hundrod tonH of cherry pita, now a sourco of nnnoyanco andexpenso to canneries, can bo mado to yield two valuablo oils and nlBO a meal for feeding cattle, ac cording to specialists of tho United States department of agriculture. In addition, 105,000 gallons of cherry Julco now wasted In seeding cherries can bo turned Into dcBirnhlo Jolly and sirup, or oven Into alcohol. A saving of tlicso valuablo by-products from cherry canning may make poBslblo tho domestic manufacture of substitutes for almond oil and blttcr-almond oil, now Imported, and at the samo time establish a now Industry In the cherry packing districts of tho North Atlan tic, North Central and Western states. Tho specialists, howovcr, havo not yet carried their work to u point where thoy can say that tho convert ing of this Julco and tho cherry pits would bo a profitable sldo industry for tho ordinary or smaller cannery. Ir, casoo whero a number of ennners aro operating within a reasonable dlstanco of one another, tho specialists, how ever, bollovo that tho wasto products could bo sent to a contra! co-operative or other plant at Hinall cost and there utilized to advantage Studies, how ever, aro being carried on to doter mino whether means cannot bo do vised for making theso wasto products profitable also when handled on a small scale. Some timo ago there wan slmllnr In vestigation of tho uso of peach and apricot pita for making oils nml meal, and a commorclol enterprise has been established In California for dealing with theso productB. Tho de partment has published a bulletin on this subject and also one dealing with tho utilization of raisin seed from tho seeded raisin industry. It wan found that many tons of raisin seed had considerable fruit adhering to them which could readily be turned int6 a very doslrablo ralrJn sirup for tho uso of confectioners and others. After this pulp had been used it was found that an oil usoful In the arts couW profitably bo pressed from tho seed, and experiments nro under way to determine whether tho scrushcd seed could not bo used to advantago In feeding stock. Tho following description of Uioro products, and methods which hnvo been developed for making them, aro taken from professional paper 350, "Tho Utilization of Cherry By-Prod-ucts," by Frank Rabak. chemical biologist, bureau of plant Industry Fixed Oil From Cherry Pits. Tho komol ofitho pit, as long has been known, contains a considerable quantity of oil. Investigations nv cently conducted show t lint tho oily constituents of the kernel can bo con vortod Into a llxcd oil much like nl mond oil, and a volatllo oil practically identical with oil of bitter nltnondu. RESCUES INSANE MAN Alius Constance Kopp (right), tho girl doputy shorirf of Horgcn county, Now Jorroy, dived Into tho Icy waters of tho Ilaokensack river and rescued un luvauo mnn. Ho wob revived by physicians. MIbb Kopp was put to bed in chargo of a nurao but wont out a few hours lator to attend to hor dutleB. Tony HoJnacka wna being takon from a hospital to tho asylum In chargo of Miss Koop when ho escaped. On tho left of tho picture Is MIbb Kopp'o ulster. Tho rcslduo after theso oils nro ex tracted shown on annlysls Ingredients that may mako it n practical caltlo food similar to linseed cako. "Tho fixed oil Is tho most important by-product of cherry pits. It has n golden yellow color and a pleasant nutlike tasto and odor. In character It Is so closely related to Imported al mond oil that It Is believed to pos sess similar possibilities In tho com mercial manufacture of drugs, Mis and soap. "If tho pits of all domestic cherries, now thrown away at canneries, and tho pits extracted from Imported cher ries, woro processed In this way it is estimated that thoy would yield 320, 000 pounds of llxcd oil, worth in tho neighborhood of twenty cents a pound. The best quality of this fixed oil is extracted from the kernels in hydraulic presses. Tho shells of tho pits aro first cracked in a mill and the uncrushed korncls separated out with sieves. Tho oil Is then pressed out from the moats. In a laboratory ex periment tho korncls yielded 21 per cent of fixed oil under a pressuro of 2,750 pounds to tho squaro Inch. On a commercial scale, however, with presses equipped for heating tho kor noln under pressure, It is believed that 30 per cent or more can bo obtained. Tho oil also can bo obtained by grind ing the pits and extracting by means of solvents. Volatile Oil Second Product. "Tho volatile oil, tho second product, remains In tho pressed cako after tho llxed oil has been oxtractcd by pres suro or by solvents. Tho volatile oil is then secured by chemical means and distillation. In tho experiments U.o oil was obtained at tho rato of nearly one pound for every 100 pounds of reslduo treated. It Is estimated that 6,000 pounds of this volatllo oil could bo obtained if all tho chorry pits handled nt canneries could bo used. Tho vnluo of this by-product, RMY IS MAGNE Illicit Dispensers of Liquor Busy in Dry Territory Along Mexi can Border. PEGLEG WALKING BARROOM Cook With Troopers at Columbus Pcd dies Refreshments From His Oaken Limb Until Officers Discovered Source of Supply. Columbus, N. M. Evcrywhoro that tho broad trail of tho army loads, tho trail of tho "bootloggor" parallels. Par ticularly if tho routo of tho troop ers llos through dry torrltory, tho Il licit dispenser of the draft Unit sometimes cheers Is a hanger-on. And ho has a million and ono ways to uvado the regulations. Tho bootlegger arrlvod In Columbus about ton seconds after Undo Sam s aoldlor boys. Ho did a prolltablo business, capoclally around pay day. Somo of tho troopers, disgruntled bo causo thoy were forced to remain here inactivo whllo tholr matoa wero play ing hideaud-scok with Villa in tho sand dunes, woro intent on drowning tholr sorrows. Others eolobrated tholr good fortuno whon thoy wero ordered to cross tho lino. "Pegleg" Is, or was, a cook for tho civilian omployeca of the quartormaa. tor's department. Tho namo comes from his portsldo limb, which Is of sturdy oalc. After tho troops arrived, Pegleg seemed always to bo In tho mood that can como only from looking on tho wlno whon It Ib red. And -ho became ourprlslngly prosperous. Ills condition drew tho suspicion of tho army authorities. Llout. Austin M. Pardeo of tho Twentieth Infantry, dotalled as a pro vost marshal, decided that Pcglcg woifld boar watching. After ' several hours of watchful waiting ho saw two troopers slide up to Pofdog's tent and In distinctly nudl bio tones bid Pegleg to "set out tho Joy Julco." Pegleg was complying whon Llcutonunt Pardee arrested tho three. "1 won't go!" declared Pegleg, and promptly lay down. "Got two men to carry him." eug- goatcd u sergeant. "Oct nothing," decided Lieutenant Pardee. "You follows take off his pants and his leg, and lot htm lie there. Ho won't escape on ouo leg, that Is certain." Pegleg protested vigorously, but U avullod him nothing. Tho pants camo off, llkowlBO tho log, und with tho lat ter camo tho secret of Peglog'o sue cess at dispensing. Tho log was hollow, lined with tin, and held at loast a half a gallon of liquor. t Pegleg, Ills stores confiscated and poured Into a dry but unapproclatlvo (lc3ort, was landed on un castbound freight. Half an hour lator Ltoutenant Par deo saw a whlto-halred, vcnorablo- looking old gcntlemun alight from an eastern passenger train. Ilo cariiod a BUltcase. Two soldiers greeted tho old man affectionately. "Cot anything good?" queried Lieu tenant Pardeo. "8-a s-h-h; it's six bits a bottlo. I got to got big money becauso its risky business horo," ropllod tho ugod one. "So It la," commented tho lieuten ant as he took tho sultcaso and start ed loading tho procession for tho Jail. Since tho troops havo boon hero, based on tho current prices for the very similar Imported blttcr-almond oil, would bo In the neighborhood of $54,000. "Tho press cake loft after both fixed and volatile oils havo boon removed, Is bollovcd to contain substances which may mako It a desirable stock food. Its most Important constitu ents, as shown by analysis, aro Int. protoln, Including nitrogen compounds, p.nd sugar and other carbohydrates. The protoln amounts to 30 per cent and in this tho cako compares favor ably with other stock foods. If chorry kernel meal proves In practico to bo an good for feed as tho laboratory analysis would Indlcato, tho annual valuo of this product would bo about $12,000. Much Juice Is Wasted. "Tho 105,000 gallons of cherry Juice wasted each year la tho canneries, tho oxpcrlmonts show, would, If collected and treated, produco 85,000 gallons of desirable Jolly or a largo quantity of tablo sirup, or could bo mndo to fer ment and produco alcohol. In tho ex periments u chorry Jelly, bright red in color and with a fruity odor, was made by concentrating tho chorry Julco with cano sugar In a vacuum. A small amount of gelatin was then added and tho mlxturo allowed to cool. Other processes In which tho concentrated Julco Is heated with pectin or fruits rich in pectin, tho Investigators bollovo might produco oven better results. "Tho julco nlso could bo raado Into somo 21,000 gallons of an ngreeably flavored tablo sirup by neutralizing tho ncid In tho filtered Julco with milk of llmo and concentrating It by evap oration and then Bottling or filtering out tho llmo compounds. "Tho cherry Julco, If fcrmontod by tho addition of yeast and then dis tilled, can bo made to yield 36 per cent of absoluto alcohol or about 5,000 gallons." iTLEGfiER dozens of suitcases havo been con fiscated In a liko manner. Columbus Is strown with broken bottles their contonta having wetted an arid des ert. MISS KATHERINE BROWNE .Miss Urownc la tho daughter of Con gressman Edward 13. Urowno of Wis consin. She Is a student at tho Uni versity of Wisconsin. CO-ED GOWNS ARE CENSORED Some Girl- Sent Home From Dances Frocks Are Too Low at Top or Too High at Bottom. Bloomlngton, Ind. Tho Indiana unl vorslty authorities havo cntnbllBhcd a censorship of clothes worn by tho "co ed n." "ho censorship Is In chargo of Miss Ituby C. B. Mason, dean of women, who Is attending all dances and In specting tho frocks and gowns. If tho ovcnlng gowns of tho glrlB do not conform to regulations as to length and stylo, tho woarora aro sent back to tholr rooms for a chango of attlro. Thin has happened to several young women recently. Tho censorship la established bocnuso of tho loyalty of tho Indiana "co eds" to tho prevailing styles, especially In dancing frocks. Tho frocks havo been cut so low from tho chin und so high from tho ground that thoy havo been shocking to some, tho university authorities say. all during tho winter. GIRL RIDES BLIND BAGGAGE June Glomen Says Woman Will Anything for tho Msn She Loves. Do Sim Jose. Juno Clemen, hold horo on n chargo of grand larceny, told Doputy Shorirf lluftlngton that with Louis i., who is also horo, and soven other men, she had rlddon tho blind baggago from Salinas to San Luis Obispo, peddling B'olon goods bb opportunity offerod. Her oxplana' lion or her Implication 7n tho rob bory was, "You will do anything for tho man you love." Rate Lower for Stepmothers. Harrison, N. J. Joseph Qendlskl, arrested for "kicking his Brother," was lined 20. Tho woman said sho was not John's mother, but his stopmothor. -mon mako tho lino 10," decreed tho court wmm INCREASING VALUE OF LANDS Immenso Uncultivated Area Cannot Be Developed Until Improved Highways Are Constructed. Thcro aro over 400,000,000 acres ot uncultivated land In tho United States awaiting development that cannot bo dovclopcd without improved highways. It has boon shown that tho valuo of land ia Increased evenly with tho im provement for tho roads, tho Increaso running from $2 to $9 tho aero. As tho roads aro improved, thcro la n corresponding increaso in population. In twenty-flvo counties, takon at ran dom, which havo contained on an av erage only 1 per cent of Improved roads In tho decade 1890 to 1900, thcro was a falling off in population of 3,000 In each county. In twenty flvo other counties, taken at random, in which thcro was an average of 40 Good Road In Nebraska. per cent of Improved roads, tho In creaso of population In each county waB 31,000. Tho 'back-to-the-farm' movement will progress Just in pro portion to tho improvement of tho highways, and tho improvement of the highways Is dependent upon ad ministration not less than upon con struction. Thcro must bo skill in tho super vision as well as in tho building of tho roads. Hcrctoforo at least nine tenths of tho work on tho roads has been dono under tho direction of men without any knowledgo of roadbuild ing, which Is an art based upon a sci ence Thcro aro today moro than 100, 000 potty road officials In tho United States who havo no practical knowl edgo of tho simplest engineering prob lems that must bo solved In tho loca tion of tho roads, In their relation to a general systsem, or to related sys tems; but who nro supposed to havo great lnfluonco in neighborhood poli tics and arc mighty at tho polls. It Is from this incubus that tho problem must be relieved If tho country is to enjoy tho benefits of a well ordered system of highways. Good roads not only cost a great deal of money in their construction, but also in their maintenance or ad ministration. It has been tho habit la this country to 'work on tho roads' when all other work was done, and this has meant that tho roads havo had attention only once or twlco a year. Macadam roads do not take caro of themselves, concreto roads should havo constant attention, sand clay roads require dally supervision It they aro to glvo scrvlco for which thoy wero designed and built. In Franco every mllo of road Is Inspected dally, and it is tho constant vigllanco ot trained supervision that enables tho railroads of tho country to tako caro of tho business of tho country. Thero ought to bo tho same sort and degrco of supervision of tho roads of tho United States if thoy aro to glvo tho tjorvrco for which tiny aro built. To mako a mllo of macadam road eight foot wldo and eight inches thick, 1,750 tons of stono aro required, and to build n mllo of gravel road eight feot wldo and eight inches thick, 1,142.93 cubic yards of compacted, or, l,5pi cu bic yards ot looso gravel aro required, and in order that tho best rosults may bo obtained, thero must bo compotent supervision not only In tho mixing ot tho materials employed in tho build ing of tho roads of tho several types, but in tho placing of materials. Thero aro 2,000,000 miles of what aro commonly called "dirt rends" In tho United States, and to mako them offoctlvo thoro must bo proper drain ago, such grading and allgnmont as will mako them fit for tho traffic and constant surfaco bcttorraent, and It Is nothing short ot criminal wasto to build roads of macadam and ex pect them to tako caro of themselves. Undoubtedly tho best system of main tonanco for all roads Is that which pro- ,vldcs for tho pormanent nnd some times continuous employment of skilled laborers who havo chargo ot particular sections of road, or who may bo assigned to any part of tho county or other road unit whoro thcro is work most nooded. Canadian Stono Highway. A stono highway, to cost $000,000, is to ho built from Ottawa, Canada, GO miles south to tho St. Lawronco rlvor international boundary. It is stated that tho road ia to bo built as n momorlal to tho lato J. P. Whltnoy, premier of Ontario. All-Yenr-Round Roads. Good roads help small towns; rail roads build up tho groat cities, but all-tho-year-round roads turn the stream of wealth, travol and business back towards the rural centers. W6im oo tVSI tUSaMB American Flag Under Lions That Look British Vtr ASHINGTON. Four bronzo lions, said to bo exact copies ot thoso on the ir Trafalgar square Lord Nelson monument In London, couchant on flags presumed to bo tho American colors, form a group on tho Grant monument lt tho Botanic garden, which Is attract section, therefore Is tho most conspicuous Tho center Is raised, and on this clovated baso is tho largo tablet on which tho Inscription Is to bo placed. Around this base, at each of tho four comers, Is a crouching lion, under whose body is stretched a flng, which, by tho Araorlcan caglo forming tho head and by tho fact that it is a monument to an American horo, might bo taken to bo tho American standard. Tho fact that tho Hons aro copies of tho British Hons on tho Trafalgar square monument In England and tho eight of tho flag stretched under tholr bodies has cause'l many tourists and other observers to wondor Just what tho motif of tho group is intended to express. To an artist perhaps tho proud attitude of tho crouching iigures might convoy an air of heroic protection, but to tho ordinary mind this samo proud appearanco might mean haughty possosslon, and it Is this lattor Impression, probably, which has caused tho inquiries to bo raised. Commerce Department Talks of Volcano Foundry A PROPOSED novel co-operation with nature in a manufacturing enterprise, whereby tho great volcano of Kilauea of tho Island of Hawaii would bo mado to servo as a gigantic foundry for casting sower plpo and bricks. I? arousing interest among officials of tho United States department of com merce. This interest Is not only in the schemo as a general commercial feature affecting production and freight movements in territory com prising tho United States. Every ef fort is being mado by the territorial Government to foster other industries than tho dominant ones of sugar pro duction and pincapplo canning in or der to solve pressing economic prob lems, and a suggestion has been mado by tho governor of tho Islands that congress authorizo tho federal department of commerce to co-opcrato in tho work. Tho possibilities of casting sewer plpo from tho molten lava ot tho volcano aavo been studied by a retired plpo manufacturer from tho United States who recently visited tho islands, and ho has even suggested details of tho pro cedure by which buckets of exceedingly refractory material on an endless chain would bring tho molten lava from the bed of tho crater to its rim, where tho pipes would bo cast. Buckots capablo ot resisting 2,000 degrees Fahren heit easily can be provided, it is declared, whllo tho tomperaturo of tho lava has been found from sclentlllc observations to bo about 1,800 degrees. At such a high degrco of heat tho lava. It is believed, Would remain liquid during tile short timo necessary to transport it to tho molds. Though the plan Is so' out of tho ordinary that it sounds almost visionary to the layman, it is explained to tho commerce department by its agents in Hawaii that Kilauea presents ono of tho best opportunities known anywhere In the world for industrial utilization of tho earth's natural heat. Senator Reed's Secretary Bests the Constable ON HUNT of Kansas City, secretary to Senator Itecd, is tho horo of District ot Columbia autolsts by reason of his victory ovor Maryland constables who arrested him Sunday for driving his "llivver" Into tho state without a Maryland license. Hunt's machine was adorned "I am willing to tako oath that this is my second invasion ot Maryland," said Hunt. Tho J. P. perused tho law and reluctantly handed back tho fine. Undor a recent decision ot tho Supremo court of tho United States residents ot Washington aro required to have both Virginia and Maryland licenses in addition to tho District tax If thoy deslro to tour tho neighboring common wealths. Hunt, however, has convinced tho MarylanderB that this ruling does not apply to MlssourianB unless they exceed tho tourist limitations. Col. Harts Training His Watchmen to Be Camels COL. W. W. HARTS, superintendent of public buildings and grounds, who ia an advocate of preparedness, is putting his "wntchman's brigade" at tho state, war and navy building through a course of training for sorvico in north ern Mexico or any other old waterloBB wasto whoro thoy may bo needed. As ouo ot tho features ot tho courso, tho colonel has removed all tho watcrcoolors from tho corrldorB. And as tho watchmen must now walk through miles of corridors nnd up and down long flights of stairs to tet water, tho result Is twofold: Most ot tho men ore developing a remark able endurance against thirst, whllo others thoao who must havo water aro developing the muscles thoy would havo to uso on long marches and mountain climbing. In a Bonso, nlso, tho "brlgado" is getting .practice In tho use of lirearms. Ever bo often in tho wcok, usually after the departments aro closed for tho day, the colonel gets his assistant to turn In a lire alarm in somo romoto corner of iho building Thoreupon thirty-odd watchmen in brass buttons and blue coats go tcartnts through corridors nnd houndhig up stairways carrying fire extinguishers. Monday afternoon, howovor, Is tho timo whon tho colonel "takes greatest prldo In his brigade. Promptly at 3:30 o'clock, tho mombers of tho "brlgado" lino up on tho lot back of tho state, war, and navy building, and aro Inspected. Tho colonel, with hlR usslstant acting ns adjutant, walks slowly along tho lino In front of tho Lie.-, und then along tho lino in buck of tho men. inspecting tho haug of their Uothop and the orectnesa of their carriasn CONDENSATIONS Thoro aro more insane In tho United States than students in colleges and universities. Tho orange was orlKinnlly a pear shaped fruit about tho olzo ot tho com mon wild chorry. Its evolution Is believed by naturalists to bo duo to 1,200 years ot cultivation. To toll tho alzo of a hut, hatterB add together tho numbor ot Inches In tho lone &nd short diameter and d'rido by two. WW 1 1 1" W 1 1 1 fl ft l .T-Ut ing much comment at present becauso of tho un-American idea tho Hons con voy by reason of their position ovor tho flogs. Although tho group has boon in position for Borne time, this peculiar featuro ha? apparently escaped notlco untll rccontly. Tho additions Just bo lug mado nttracted closer attention howovcr, from tho casual observer. Tho figures of tho Hons which havo given rlso to comment form tho ccnternleco of tho monument. Thla with Washingtbn and Missouri tags, but tho Maryland officials held that this was not sufficient. Thoy escorted Hunt to a Justice of tho peace, who promptly assessed a fine of $5. Hunt demanded to be shown the section un der which ho had been penalized. It was produced with tho result that Hunt pointed out to tho J. P. that as a nonrosldent ho was entitled to drive through Maryland seven times with out a license. PUT KNOW I J TO pE A CAflEL At? A MOUNTAIN CUMBER Brazilian cocoanut palms llvo from COO to 700 years, and tho dato palm from 200 to 300 years. On tho Mount ot Olives, Jerusalem, thero aro olivo trees known to havo been flourishing In 1099. Tho physical effort of opening a caso in which ho was chiof counsel proved too much for Sir Edward Car son at London tho othor day, tho pity ot tho thing being that ho had timo to deliver only 252,000 words ot his brief beforo his volco and strength failed him, 2- f2JShr.