The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, April 18, 1916, Image 6
THE 8EMI.WEEKLV TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA. Twentieth United States uiluntry EXTENDS CORN AREA New Discovery Pushes Belt Much Farther North. Experimenters at Minnesota Univer sity Stumble Upon Way to Mako Grain Germinate More Quick ly With Nitrobenzene. Minneapolis, Minn. Scientists at tho farm of tho University of Minne sota havo announced a discovery which may result not only In vastly increasing tho corn production of Min nesota and other states but in ex tending the northern limit of tho corn belt much nearor Hudson bay. The announcement comes at a time when seed corn shortage- Is reported to bo particularly acute. Buuk and railroad officials of tho Twin Cities aro trying to help farmers got seed and prices aro said to bo as high ub 8 a bushel, with prospects of going up to $8 or $10 by planting tlmo If future tests sustain present indi cations of experiments carried on at tho university, every bushel of corn planted may bo mado to sond up moro sprouts and theso sprouts may grow bo fast that sovoral wooks may bo gained in tho maturing tlmo of tho kernel.' Tho dlscovorors bcllovo they havo found, quito by accident, a commer cially practlcablo method of Increas ing both tho germination ofllclency and tho gormlnatlon rate of seed corn. It camo about In experimenting with various InBoctlcldos to bo used In treating grains. Prof. William Mooro of tho ento mology department and Prof. V K. Hayes of tho agronomy department havo beon working on fumigation proc esses for killing grain parasites. It was important that germination quali ties of grain treated should not bo im paired in fumigating, so thoy regular ly checkod plantings of tho trcatod grain against plantings or tho un treated. It was In connection with tho use of nltrobonzono that thoy bumped into tho unoxpoctod. Thoy found that not only was tho grain not Impaired for seed purposes, but that It actually was bottorod. Corn Boomod to thrlvo on tho fumes of nltrobonzono. Not only was tho porcentago of germina tion increased by treatment, but tho rato of gormlnatlon also was spoodod up. Tho experimenters chocked and ro checked, again and again, with tho samo results. An oxporlmont with 1911 corn, for Instance brought out that tho fumlgatod seeds sprouted nearly two wookB before tho unfuml gated, whon plantod at tho samo timo, und of tho former about 18 por cent moro kernels gormlnatod than of tho latter. "Wo nro not saying that tho treat ment will so result with all corn," Pro fessor Mooro said, "as our oxporl monts havo not gono far enough to Justify bo swooping a statomont, but Detroit "Hunchback," Arrested With Can of Drug, Is Accused of Smuggling. Detroit, Mich. It waB learned thnt James R, Roynolds, well known In De troit for tho lost ten years and sup posed to bo a hunchback, Is not de formed at all. Whon nrrestod hero recently Reynolds had a can or opium In his hump. According to tho pollco, Roynolds mado froquent visits to Canada. There be bought opium, placod It In his hump, for which a tailor had gonorous ly provided by oxtra cloth and padding and brought tho drug to Detroit From hero tho opium was, shipped to Now York, Doston, Chicago and 8an Francisco. A woman known as tho "$10,000 beauty," who was rocontly arrested In Detroit and ordered out of town, Is Bald by tho pollco to buve boon an accomplice. Jailed for Three Words. Now York. Throo words "Had evo nlng, girls" woro enough to provo to John Alferglng that tho night wan stormier than was expected. Thirty days Tor accosting two girls was the sentence Fined for Teaching German. Now York. Justice Grogon has or dorod May McCann to pay Mm. Mar garet Elcocoupos $10 ror touching the latter'a parrot to Bpos.lt German. JG A BRIDGE guarding it rallrouu brldgu over wlilcli wo expect to wind up tho most signi ficant test of nil on tho subject next week, after which wo Hhall havo some thing to announce "Nltrobenzono is an oil, n coal tar derivative Its price hus been raised somewhat by war causes, but It is commercially obtainable. Wo fuml gato tho corn by placing It In a closed box In which Is suspended a cloth sat urated with tho oil. Tho fumcB do tho work. "Wo think woll enough of present Indications to mako known our find ings at this tlmo, so that farmers who nro facing n critical seed corn situa tion may try out the process lr thoy soo fit. "Why does tho treatment so afreet tho corn? Wo haven't tho slightest Idea. Wo only know that It has had that effect with corn wo havo treat ed." Drowned In Beer. Dahlonoga, Oa. While trying to dip somo boor from a well which had boon filled witlr tho liquid by rovonuo ofH cors, following a raid on a "wild cat" still. Homer and Jack Wchunt nnd Charles Qarrls fell into tho well nnd wero drowned. Girls Study Scrubbing. Wlnstod. Conn. Qlrl students at tho Gilbert high school hero will bo taught scrubbing, washing and Ironing. Twelvo ennmoled washtubs havo been Installed. SIS WIS FORESTS Heavy Fall During Winter Causes Big Damage. Logging and Milling Operations Ham pered, Resulting in Decrease of Timber Sato Receipts Not Without Beneficial Side. Washington. According to forest sorvlco olllclals, tho unusually heavy snowfall which has signalized tho past winter In most of the West has mate rially affected national forest business. Timber salo receipts havo docrcased In some regions bocauso logging and milling operations havo boon ham pered by deep snow nnd exceptionally cold wcathor. Tho same factors havo given stockmen using tho national for est ranges much concern, although as yot thoro have boon no sovero live stock losses reported. Tho foroslght of tho stockmen in providing wluter food, which Is now gonorally practiced, makes a recurrunco of tho former im mense losses very unllkoly. Tho dam ages caused by tho snow and resulting slides and Hoods to forest servlco trails, telephone lines and other per manent Improvements aro not yot known, but undoubtedly aro hoavlor than usual and their repairs will mako much spring work for tho rangers. Most of tho railroads In crossing tho mountains of tho Northwest run for conBldorablo distances through the na tional forests. Roports from tho for CBt offlcors show that some of tho roads havo had a strenuous struggle with the snow to keep tho Hues open. Tho groat rotarles huvo had hard work to plow through tho huge drirts. Snowalldos havo swept down tho steep slopes, lining tho cutB. burying tho trackB to a great dopth, and not only blocking all tralllc but In soveral cases destroying Itfo and property. Those Blldos usually occur on slopos where tiro has destroyed tho tlmbor. louvlug nothing to hold tho biiow In placo, according to tho forestry olll clais, who assort that a thrifty stand of timber on tho mountain sides Ib tho boHt posslblo Bufeguard against these destructive avalanches. Tho deop snow Is not without Its bonoilclal side, say tho forest ollicors, It will lie long on tho slopes and ridges, hooping the ground moist until luto In tho spring, and thus greatly reducing tho dnngor of early ilrea which somotlmoB occur with serious consequences. A spring llro usually destroyB llttlo tlmbor, either greon or dead, but bwoopb inpldly over stump land am. old burns, feeding on tho dead vegetation of tho preueUing year Us monnco to property nnd llfo In ro moto BottlemontB hna boon demon strated, lly keeping tho ground moist until It Is covorod with groou vogeta tlon through which lire will not run. ON THE BORDER troops must pnus going Into Mexico. MAN THE WOMAN WANTED Five Who Were All Right Returned Because She Wished to Hire a Negro. Indianapolis. W C. Do Miller, fed eral labor commissioner In Indian- apolls, has decided that he has reached tho point where patlonce ceases to be a virtue. Recently, among his many dally requests for laborers, ho received a request from a woman who lives on a farm near Greenwood. It outlined qualifications as follows: "I want a man who neither smokes, drinks, chows nor Bwears. A widower, If posslblo, who has had experience, and I do not enro If lie has ono or two children. Ho must not be nfraid of work and mUBt havo good health and must havo clean habits. Plcaso send mo ten or fifteen men of this character and I will select tho ono I want." Do Mlllor eventually found five men who woro willing to mako tho trip and tako their chances of obtaining tho po sition, but when tho five men roturncd to the labor commissioner's olllco that same evening Do Mlllor waB somewhat surprised to hear them explain that nono of them could meet with tho woman's requirements. "And why?" demanded Do Mlllor. "Uocauso she wants a colored man," was tho unanimous reply. Cruel and Inhuman. . Now York. Dcclnrlng thnt her hus band's "cruel and Inhuman" treatment caused her to loso 14 pounds. Mtb. Morris W. Henry lna applied for a sep aration. tho great snowbanks become active agents In provontlng spring ilros. ROYALTY NURSES W0UNDEQ Nearly all members of tho Austrian royal ramlly aro engaged In charitable work connected with tho roller of those afflicted In aomo way by tho war. Tho photograph shows tho Arch duchoss Maria Theresa at work In one of tho Austrian hospitals. NEAR DEATH AT BAPTISM. Preacher and Ono He Was About to Immerse Ventured Too Far. RedlandB, Cat. Tho waters of the Santa Ana river camo noar claim lug two victlmo noar hero lately, when eight converts of tho Moxlcun mis sion on Horald street woro baptized In tho Icy waters. Rov. Francisco Loronto, tho minis tor of tho church, and ono of tho con verts ventured out too far In tht awlft stroam und the current throw thorn oft their reet. While tho torrliled members or tht llttlo church looked on thoy battlei? dosporatoly ror tholr lives and llnally succeoded In reaching tho bank. Tho minister proceeded with tho servlco and baptized tho remaining converts, although It was done nearor tho shoro. Steals Bible to Get Drink. l.a Crosso. Wis. "Charllo" Ross wuntod a drink but didn't havo tho price, bo ho offered to trade a Rlblo for a glass or whisky. Tho deal did not go through bocauso tho bartender had Ross arrested. It waB round that tho Rlblo had been stolon rrom the city mission. tret iy SECURE YELLOW-YOLKED EGG Poultry Department of Iowa State CoU lege Tells Secret Feed Com With Clipped Alfalfa. Eggs with a richly rolorcd goldon yolk, from a market standpoint, aro moro dcBlrablo than tho pale-yolkod variety. Duo to lack of green rango feed In tho winter, such eggs nro not normally laid during cold weather. To produce them, though. Is quito a slm plo mattor If you know how. Tho poultry dopartmcnt of tho Iowa State college tolls tho secret. Yollow corn with clipped alfalfa or sprouted oats aro winter foods that put tho color In tho yolk. Stommy al falfa will not do, as It Is too coarse and contains too much fiber. Tho al falfa must bo leafy. Alfalfa or clover sweoplngB from the hny mow mako an excellent winter poultry feed. To keep tho hens from scratching It about a rack or box may bo provided, covered with coarse mesh poultry wire through which tho birds may pick tho leaves. Tho fact that green reeds produce tho .doslrablo yellow-yolked eggs Is an advantage of only secondary Im portance. Tho fact that thoy furnish food elements not to bo had othorwlso, and that are very much needed at this season of tho year, Is of far greater Importance. Tho green feed is a nec essary Item to stimulato the general health of tho fowls, as well as their laying ability, during tho winter. GATHERING UP ALL VERMIN Trap Shown In Illustration Which l Part of Perch on Which Birds Roost at Night Chickens aro very subject to sovoral kinds of vermin, which must bo kepi down in a measure, or they get so nu merous that tho birds' neaco of mind Is so greatly disturbed that It Inter fores with tho bird's egg-laying pro pensities. A now invention is shown herewith by which it is designed to keep down tho numbers of the pest bj catching thorn In a trap, which Is com bined with tho roost on which the birds oleop. Tho habits of tho chicken lice and other pestB of this charactei is to get at tho birds whilo they are roosting, and thoy attack tho birds In such numbers that its health is seri ously interfered with. After sucklnn tho bird's blood tho Insocts return to tho crevices to bo found In tho wood Trap for Chicken Lice. work about tlio perch, so as to bo readj tor subsequent visits. Tho features ol tho now trap is that it enters into the construction of tho perch. Thoro are holes along the length of tho porcfc which mako Inviting harboring placet for tho vermin: but when thov ontoi theso thoy aro overcome by the fumor or a gormicldo contained in trays which aro disposed of within tho in torlor of tho porch. For convenience in cleaning those trays may bo with drawn from tho onds without disturb ing tho perch. REMEDY FOR A BUMBLE FOOT Trouble Often Caused by High Roosts or Frozen Ground Simple Treat ment Is Recommended. Bumblo foot is caused by a bruise. ThlB may come rrom frozen ground, or from flying down from a height to a hard-surfaced floor. Often roosts aro entirely too high, and tho force with which tho bird strikes tho ground Injures tho foot. Whenever a bird Is scon to bo limp; ing, oxamlno tho bottom of tho foot. If thoro Is pus, mako a cross on the boIo of tho foot, disinfect with any household dlslnrectunt, and apply a soothing ointment. Dandago well, and put tho bird in a coop on soft litter. Fowls Need Plenty of Air. Do not bo ufrald to glvo your blrde plenty or air during tho cold montlisf Open tho doors and windows wldo on Bunny days, but bo sure to Bhut thorn up again before tho sun goes down. Leaky Roofs Causa Trouble. Doos your honhouso leak whon it (rains or tho snow molts? Mnny win ter poultry troubles are causod by leaky roofs. Keep After tho Vermin. It payB to light llco winter and sum mon ir you don't boo them. Just Im nglno thoy aro around and keep arter thorn. Take Caro of Fowls. Dottor havo fower fowls and tako caro of thom properly, than many and nogloct them. Place Duat Bath In Sun. Placo tho dust bath vthcro tho sun can shine on ltj thon tho hene will ubo It rdoro freely. 1 i WTONALF (mm To Put Plattsburg idea Into Effect at Sea WASHINGTON. Secretary Daniels nnd his ndvlsera decided to inaugu rate a system of civilian navul training similar in general outline to that on which military training camps havo been established at Plattsburg und clsowhcro. It is planned to uso gram, It Is expocted, will bo prepared next year for development of the plan on tho Pacific coasL Tho plan, which was drafted by Assistant Rncrntnrv nnnnnvoif nrnnnaao that tho cost to tho men shall bo sufficiently low to enablo thoso in modor ato circumstances to Join. Tho only compulsory reaulremont Ih that mrh volunteer declare his intention of giving hia services to tho unvy in caso ot war. It Is not proposed to requlro an oath, but merely Intent. Tho object of tho plan is to excluslvo of formor enlisted men iiuBses. ixajy department oiuciais aro will respond to make tho undertaking a Federal Health Service NOW comes tho crusado for the extinction of the common waBhrag. Hav ing swatted with a Inrirn - a- v- "nv-ou U1U LUIUUIUU LUWUl, U1U public health servlco has found a now target in Its companion piece, tho wnshrag. In an official announcement the public health servlco, modestly admitting a largo success in its cam paign against the common towel and tho roller towel, says: "Now comes tho news that tho common washrag is an oven greater menace to health. "The hotels' nnd nubile liostolries havo recognized this for some time, nd havo supplied their guests with. Btorilizcd washcloths In individual sealed packets. Thn rl nmn 'nnnr'. smelling washrag still exists, hownvwr m perfectly washed out after use, frequently not wrung out at all, it is often ..u..b uroi n iutu ur u ramaior near an open window, there to collect dust and dirt. Frequently tho samo washrag Is used by tho entlro family, thus affording an easy means of transference of mouth secretions from person tc person. In many households each individual has his own washcloth, and his Individual towel, but theso hang so close to one another that there Is ready Interchango of bacteria. Each individual should havo his own washcloth, It should bo thoroughly washed out with clean hot water after uso. It should bo then wrung as nearly dry as posslblo, and, if posslblo, hung in tho sun to dry. It should not come in contact with other washcloths. In the investlga tions tho United States public health servlco io conducting in regard to the prevalence of trachoma, it has been found that common towels probably acted as a medium of distribution of tho germ of disease" i Library Devoted Solely to Subject of Fish CAN ono imagine a whole library dovoted to fish? There is ono in' Wash ington, which is tho best fish library in tho world, and it is among the most useful institutions of its kind existing, for, the Washington Star stays, I HAVE A REASOH TO B 1 rctru 1 w f t s. i is the one woman in the fodoral service who has passed the civil service exam nat on no a flsh culturlst, having entered tho office and passed the examination as a specialist eight years ago. During tho intervening veare she has kept up with tho scientific progress of this important bureau of the department of commerce rfXhe !,,b7 th bureau of flsher,es a the finest of its kind in the world, said Miss MacDonald recently. "I feel almost certain that nowhere clso can there bo found so extensive a collection of literature pertaining tc aquatic biology. You perhaps know that the subject of fish conservation ie ono of tho biggest questions boforo tho commercial world of today. Tho fish food problem is a great branch of our work, as aro fish diseases. Evervthln dono in tho work tends toward tho problem of economy and efficiency in fish conservation. In which tho matters of flsh food and flsh diseases bear a Woman Helps Make Capital More Presentable I T HAS becorao a commonplace to say that Washington Ib one of tho most a beautiful cities of tho world. This followed as a natural consequence when various engineers and landscape artists, after experimenting with their own futile plans, roturned to tho original plan for tho federal city sub mitted to Prenldcnt Washington in 1790 by MaJ, Plerro L'Enfant. But this scheme embraced oply tho broad Bwoeplng avenues, tho trees and recurring green spots in triangles, squares and od'l corners which muko Washington do charming and bo unlquo. It remained for a public-spirited woman to throw tho weight of her in fluence and to Insnlro others -with hnr enthuslanm n tho building of houses worthy of their environment. This Is Mrs. Mary tooto Henderson, widow of John Brooks Henderson, Bcnator from Missouri during the thrilling days from 1862 to 1869, and illustrious in many Boundary Castle, tho home of Mrs. Henderson, Is in its way tho beglnninc of an epoch and It must alwayB stand na tho first stop toward a proper resl dontlal section on tho proper stroots. Washington has no building laws. Only public opinion and tho awakened sense of beauty may prevent tho Btately mansion of marble being elbowed by a shanty of cast-off bricks. Mrs. Henderson did yeoman work ,t aroSng this Bcntlmont, ono her first stop was this picturesque feudal pllo crowning a splendid omlncnco at tho head of Slxtoonth street crownint Boundary Cautlo waa built when tho hill was virgin ground and was the Nnl 'tZ 25 mrBln 00 ,tUo11boundn-y of tho city for a full hair mile, how 1 .,Ov fhL .COnnt avenu iB IlTned on olthr side with mansiouB which. Bbow plainly tho influonco or Mrs. Hondorson's crusado. Bomo six or eight of thoso Imposing residences woro built by Mrs Hen demon and aro leased to various foreign governments. Thoy represent a post graduate course in the art of correct building and are In a way a JoSalM?nr. for architecture In the domestic sense in the national cajlta? rCna,88'inco' What Mrs. Henderson has done for art In Washington.' or. rather ror artlBts, would make a rasclnatlng chapter. Sho has a superb art Jallow S wo0110' and Bh0 provea her Interest ,n au R'lSlS ATTAID six battleships to tnko thoso who pre sent themselves for training for n mouth's cruise, beginning about Au gust ID. Tho vessels to bo utilized as train Ing ships will tako on tholr student personnel along tho Atlantic coast, probably at Now York, Boston, Phila delphia, Norfolk, Portland and Charleston. It is estimated that tho six battleships will mako possible the training Of 2.G00 mnn. A Hlmtlnr tiro- establish n naval reserve of HvlllAn and thoso of tho professional seafaring conildent a sufficient number of men success. Makes War on Washrag lm it is ono or the most llvo and up-to-dato scientific libraries with whicfe this government supplies its scientific investigators. This is the library of the bureau of fisheries, and tho custodian, wha has done the greater part of the work in building and systematizing this, one of tho most active and useful scientific aids of its kind, is a woman Miss Rose MacDonald thoroughly competent to caro for the special 11 lirnrv nf toiIJi oVi to l i. .1 ni.