The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, March 07, 1916, Image 2
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA. USED IN IKING OF EXPLOSIVES American Staple of Great Im portance to Fighting Power of Army. 'GERMANY FINDS SUBSTITUTE Experts Said to Have Discovered New Process In Which Wood Pulp Is Employed Ship Load of Cot ton Costs 500 Lives. Washington. Opinions Idoly dif fer as to tlio amount of raw cotton be ing consumed in tlio manufacture of smokeless powder, both hero and In Europe, not only as to tlio total con sumption since tlio war began, but tlio amount necessary to produce ono pound of such powder. Of powders, 90 per cent being used Jn Europo Ik known as "amokoleBH," according to tlio military records of this govern ment, and slnco tlio reckoning hero Is that It requires ono pound of cotton to produce ono pound of smokeless pow der, an Idea may bo gathered of tlio importance tho American staplo bears to tho fighting power of an urmy. In Justification of its contraband or der, tho government of Oreut Britain in a statemont issued by tho cnibiiBsy hero, pointed out tho extcnslvo use of cotton for military purposes and that it forms practically tho only baso for explosives employed by European armies. Tho English do not agreo, howovor, that cotton consumption Is pound for pound, but that only four tenths of ono pound of cotton is re quired to produco one pound of this ex plosive. Somo of thoir authorities contend that a balo of cotton will turn out 900 pounds of smokoless powder, and, putting it in another way, that cvbry shipload of cotton reaching tho Qormans results in the doath of COO soldiers of tho allies. Ono Million Bales for Powder. Iloprescntntivo Hollin of Manama In troduced a resolution asking tho de partment of commerce to obtain fig urea upon the consumption of cotton in the manufacture of oxploslvos. Mu nition makors desiring tc protoct thoir trado socrots, aro loath to glvo factB to tho public touching that phase of tho industry, and tho llguros obtainable aro raoro or loss estimated. Boforo ono of tho committoos of tlio house rocontly a witness stated that 1,000,000 bales of cotton had boon used by American munition makors slnco tho boginning of tho European wnr. Representative Hcflln in a speech to tho house doallng with cotton growing nnd exportation, estimated that a total of 3,000,000 balos of tho staplo grown in tho United States had found Its way into powdor. Ho allows 2,000,000 bales consumption by tho govornmontB of Europo and tho remainder to tho man ufacturing plants In tho United States. In tho manufacture of smokoloss powdor llntors aro gonorally used, ow ing to being choapor than tho long fiber and adaptability of being worked over. England has contonded that if cotton could bo kept out of Germany sooner or lator tho Teutonic allies would run out of powdor, yot this pre diction does not appear to bo approach ing fulfillment when it is known that llttlo If any cotton has boon getting into Gormany for months. Germans Hove a Substitute. Uncondoned stories roachod tlo Unitod States that Germany met tho crisis by gathering cotton rugs to work them back into ilbor and grinding into pulp for" powdor purposos, but It ap pears from documents placed In tho Congressional Record by Senator Hoko Smith of Georgia that tho Toil tons' resourcefulness Is bound by no such limitations. Ho read a letter from Gormany showing that cotton wob not being used In the manufacture of powder at all, that long bo.'oro tho outbreak o, tho war oxpor.fi of that country had substituted wood pulp, and that slnco tho war begun wood pulp had boon rolled upon almost en tirely. Other statements were produced by lUo senator rrom Georgia to support tho contention that Gormany was no longer relying upon cotton llntors and, It was related, tho German military de partment lias been releasing Its cot ton to tho factories turning out cotton cloths. In tills way tho Gcorela boh- itor uttomptcd to show that cotton was being employed In poacoful pur suits and for peacoful purposos. if the Germans have successfully substi tuted the Ingredient for cotton HntorB In tho manufacture of smokeless pow dor it Is believed that tho munition industry will undergo a revolution as to processes Thero la no Information as to tho cost of tho process claimed by (ho GormaiiB or whether it is of such a secret naturo as to prevent em ployment by other governments Bureau oi Census Report. A statement wub recontlv Ikrha,i t, the bureau jf cohbuc on tho manufac ture of explosives In tho United States during 1914 as compared with .1909 Ouring, 1914 tho production of "imnKfflnHH nnwilur nn,l third in tho output of tho principal ex plosives. Tho Europoan war wub In progress for only a portion of that year, and thero had been no heavy dmfl upon tho factories here to supply tha urmlea of the allies. Tho 1915 re- ARMY CHAPEL MADE OF SAND BAGS ThlH chapel, erected by Krench truopb ut tho front In Champagne, is made entirely of sand bags. Its priest Is standing besldo it. and within Is soon tho colIln of a dead soldier. port will bo moro Interesting on this point. Tho 1914 report Buys In part: "While tho production of gunpowder decreased by fi,177,GG4 pounds in quan tity and $758,972 in value, or by 40.2 per cent and 43.7 por cent, respective ly, tho production of smokoless pow der almost doubled, but tho figures for It cannot bo shown separately without disclosing tho operations of individual establishments. Tho output of this product, therefore is combined with that of .guncotton, or pyroxylin, and tho total Includod In 'other explos ives.' "The production of smokoloss pow dor, guncotton or pyroxylin, and 'other explosives' increased from !), 155,223 pounds to 26,400,071 pounds, or by 188.4 por co.it. This nmount in cludes tho production of establish ments operated by tho federal govern ment. Tho output of this cIobs of ox ploslvos by commercial establlshmonta Increased from 7,404,825 pounds, val ued at $3,913,787, In 1909, to 21.327.G84 pounds, valued at $1,111,400, In 1914, tho quantity increasing by 185.7 per cont and tho valuo by 81.7 por cent. "Thoro woro 111 establishments In operation In 1914, 33 woro In Pennsyl vania, 11 In Ohio, 9 in Illinois. 8 in Now Jorsoy, 7 in Wost Virginia, C in Oklahoma, 5 in California, 4 In Mis souri, 3 In Kansas. 3 In Now York, 2 each In Alabama, Colorado, Indiana, Massachusetts, Tennessoo, Washing ton and Wisconsin and 1 oach in Ar kansas, Delawaro, lowa, Kentucky, Maino, Michigan, Minnesota and Toxub." Can Meet Home Demand. Under war streas It has been esti mated that tho United StateB would nood 30,000,000 pounds of powder ,,or year, and a pound of cotton for a pound of smokeless powdor would mean an cnornions consumption of tho staplo In thlB country alono. Tho total capacities of tho plants In this coun try, considering tho probablo output of other classes of oxploslvcs. is hard ly equal to a war-tlmo demand of tho Unitod States, and whllo it Iiub been tho chief purposo of thoso who would havo tho Unitod States manufacture Its own munitions, to reduce tho cost to tho govornmont, tho certainty of a supply has been figured upon. Tho South produced less thun 12, 000,000 buloH lafit sonBon. Itoports from tho BtutcH Indlcato that the production tho coming season will bo hold down also. As soon as tho European war Is ovor thero will bo a demand for cotton In tho minds of tho exports, but until that period approaches thoy say thoro Is no good reason for Increasing tho ONLY BABE ON APPAM The picture shows the only baby on board tho Appam which was recently brought Into Newport News as a prlzo of war by the Germans. She la tho only daughter of Mrs. L. M Hlley, who is holding bor. crop. Representative William II. Mur ray of Oklahoma In a speech In tho house of representatives two years ago pointed out that tho tlmo would come in tho world's consumption that tho South would be expected to fur nish a .lO.OOO.OuO-balo crop. And, ho added, tho South would bo ablo to meet tho demand. BILL FOR A PARK SERVICE Representative Kent's Measure for Proper Management of National Playgrounds Likely to Pass. Washington. Ono of tho measures boforo congress that seemB likely to bo adopted Is the bill for tho estab lishment of a national park service, Introduced by Representative Kent, it pro vldeB that tho service shall be a part of tho department of tho interior and under tho charge of a director ap pointed by tho secretary, and that this director shall havo tho supervision, management and control of the sover al national parks, national monumcntB, tho Hot Springs reservation In Arkan sas, and such parks, monuments nnd reservations us shall bo established In tho futuro. That tho bill Is In tho naturo of a coiiBorvutlon meaBiiro Is shown by a section which authorizes tho secretary of tho Interior to sell or dispose of timber In cases where tho cutting of timber Is requisite for controlling at tacks of Insects or dUeasc or for con serving tho scenery; and that priv ileges, leasos and pcrmltB shall be granted only for tho accommodation of the public, and that no action shall bo "detrimental to tho fundamental ob ject of thoso aforesaid parks, monu iiionts and reservations, which object Is to consorvo tho scenery nnd the natural and historic objects theroln and to provide for tho enjoyment of said scenery and objects by the public in any manner and by any means that will leave thorn unimpaired for tho en joyment of futuro gonoratlouB." PUTS BOYS' COMFORT FIRST Jersey Education Board Says That Collars May Be Discarded on Hot Days. 'fronton, N. J. Schoolboys in Now Jersey nood not wear a collar in warm weather and they may turn under tho neck bands of their shirtwaists. This decision, reached by tho state board of educutlon, put an end to tho con troversy that has ragod slnco sum mer's llareback lust September, nnd also reverses tho findings of tho stato commissioner of education. Tho case was that of Van hoar and Robertson Turner, sons of Frank V. L. Turner of Morchantvillo. During tho unsoaBonablo weather last fall, tho boys, who aro ten and thlrtoon yoi.ro old, respectively, woro aent to school without collurs und with tho neck bands of their shirtwaists turned un der. Tho toachor, Miss Surah Rog ers, promptly sent them homo. Their mother refused to chungo thoir at tiro for soveral days, during which t.mo thoy woro dented admission to tho school, although thoy reported oach morning. Turner appealed to tho Morchant villo school board and then to tho state school commissioner, both of whom uphold the toucher's action, in reversing them tho stato board holds that tho toucher's niandnto was an unronsonnblo and unwurruntod exer cise of powor. GETS $400 FOR OLD BOTTLES Old Grain Bags and Other Curious Ar ticles of Junk Source of Revenue to Oregon Man. Hood River, Ore. With Orogon dry It Is sufo to predict that history will not ropeat in tho enso of ono crop harvested In tho Hood River valley when H. Gtobs, local purchaser of Junk, collected and Bold 2,000 dozen whisky and beer bottles. Tho bottlos wero Bold for an average of 20 cents a dozen, and brought tho Junk man $400, Other Junk collected and cold by Gross the past year woro: Fifty thou sand old gruin bugs, 10,000 used auto cnobllo tiros, 3,000 old rubber shoes, 3,000 pounds of brass, copper and oth er morals, 0,000 pounds of rags. 80,000 pounds of scrap Iron, 2,000 pounds of groon hldos, 2,000 pounds of wool, and 1,500 poundB of polts. Tho world is bo full of a number of tlilnKn, 1 am Hurc wc hIioiiUI all be us liuppy IIS kltlKH. Stpverifon. FOR THE FAMILY TABLE. Desserts that aro slmplo to make, economical and wholesome aro always In demnnd Brown Sugar Pud ding. Mix four ta blespoonfuls of cornstarch with two cupfuls of brown sugar nnd when well mixed add two cupfuls of boiling water and a pinch of salt. Boil until tho cornstarch Is well cooked nnd simmer in a doublo boiler Just boforo taking from tho tiro ndd a half cupful of walnut meats, broken In pieces. Serve cold with whipped sream. Potato Chowder. Ciit a slice of salt pork In dlco and fry brown In n soup kettle. Then add three medium sized potatoes und ono onion, put through tho meut chopper. Add suit and pop per nnd dredge with flour, cover with boiling water and simmer until ten- dd a pint and a half of hot of butter and servo Take a thick slice In a cloth and stock to which bay leaf, two simmer geir has been add chopped onions, a si k of colory, ono diced carrot, and somo parsley Placo tho fish when cooked on a plattor and pour over It tho following sauce: Placo In a double boiler a cupful of milk, adding half a teaspoonful of beef ex tract, salt, celery salt and a table spoonful of cornstarch, mixed with a llttlo cold water. Cook well to cook tho stnrch, then stir in a cupful of asparagus tips. Servo a border of mashed potato and small green peas around the fish with tho sauco poured over tho fish. Oatmeal Soup. Slice a large onion Into ono teaspoonful of molted butter and let simmer. Add ono cupful of cooked oatmenl und cook until tho onions aro tender. Add a scant pint of milk and salt nnd pepper to taste. Strain, bring to a boll and servo hot with toasted crackers. When making celery soup, Btow the leaves rather than tho heavy coarse stalks, as thero Is moro flavor In thorn. MAKING OF CROQUETTES. Croquettes will never lose their hold upon us, for thoy aro most delightful dishes when well sea soned and carefully drained after frying. Tho tedious method of handling, dipping and rolling each ono In crumbs may be done much faster If the cro quettes aro rolled In fours, dipped and crumbed In fours, tho egg can bo thrown over four as quick ly us over ono. Then In frying havo tho fnt tho right temperature for tho mixture, brown u cube of brend in tho fat. If It browns In forty seconds It Is ready far cooked mixtures and sixty seconds for uncooked mixtures. When eggs aro high a tublcspoonful of wa ter can be added to each egg without making nny dlffcrenco in the process, thus saving quite a llttlo egg when making a number of croquettes. Ono good croquette innker snys she uses as much water as egg and can seo no Jlffcrenco Tho white sauco to uso in binding jroquettOB Bhould be thicker than tho ordinary white sauco. Uso a half cup ful of flour, ono-hnlf teaspoonful of salt, lour tablespoonfuls of buttor and i pint of milk. When tho butter is bubbling hot, add tho flour und when mixed pour on the milk: cook until smooth nnd thick. Murearonl croquettes aro most tasty. Mix cooked macaroni, broken In very small pieces, with a thick Bensonod white sauco to which a little grated cheese has boon added. Placo In a cool placo until firm, then dip In egg and crumbs nnd fry as usual. Potato Croquettes With Peas Make tho potato bulls, scoop out tho center and fill with seasoned peas, cover nnd roll In eggs, crumbs and fry. Servo with a thick whlto sauco, garnished with parsley. Salmon mixed with n chopped sour plcklo. whlto sauco and seasonings, formed Into croquettes makes another good supper dish. Servo with riced potato. A very thick whlto sauco, stirred thick with cheeso, cooled, thon molded Into balls ' and dipped In buttered brown crumbs Is a tasty dish. Terrible Threat. Parson Johnson Do contribution dls morning will bo fo' do purpose ob making up do deficit In your pastor's salary! Do choir will now sing, and will coutinuo to sing, until do full amount am collected! Puck. Giving Them Fair Warning. William, soon after ho started to school, came homo ono day and said: "Somo boys at school are beginning to meddlo with mo and they had hot ter stop it." tnwrjLM y.HA ins n't.i uiimt i r i-iT v. ml iivrMi Jkm,xkr UWBBfi al To uiiilerH'tuid everything la to for Klve everything auutwna. Resolve to keep happy nnd your Joy and you shall form nn Invhiclblo boat uKiilnat dlUleuUv.-Uelen Koller. GOOD DISHES FOR LENT. This is the season when wo should appreciate our delicious cheese nnd nnd use It In many com binations with vegeta bles for tho main or chief dish of the meal. Eocalloped Onions With Cheese. Holl until tender n dozen or moro email sized onions, drain carefully and place In a fireproof serving dish, pour ovor a cupful and a half of thick whlto sauce, and a cupful of finely chopped cheeso, cover with buttered crumbs nnd placo In tho oven long enough to brown the crumbs. Too long or too hot a cooking will toughen the cheese. Lentil Soup. Wash a half pound of lontlls and soak all night In a quart of water. Cut ono medium sized onion In smnll pieces, also one turnip, ono carrot and two stalks of celery. Cook these In a tablespoonful of butter for flvo minutes, ndd the lontlls nnd water in which thoy woro soaked and one teaspoonful of salt. Boll and skim, thon simmer two hours. Rub through a slove. Return to a saucepan, and bind with two tablespoonfulB of but ter and flour with a cupful of milk, Macaroni With Chestnuts. Hake twenty chestnuts until soft, then poundin n mortar with pepper, salt and buttor. Add a half pound of cooked macaroni, four tablespoonfule of butter mid a tablespoonful of onion Juice, If too dry add a llttlo milk, stir in a cupful of grated cheeso, heat very hot and servo. Fricasse of Onions and Potatoes. Take a dozen small potatoes, peeled, and a hnlf dozen small' onions, also peeled. Pluco In a saucepan with two tablespoonfulB of buttor nnd cook flvo minutes. Add a cupful of water, salt and pepper and cook until thq vege tables aro tender. Mix together four tablespoonfuls of flour and a half cupful of milk, add to tho vegetables. cook five minutes, beat an egg anuV, add to the mixture. Arrange a ring of cooked spaghetti on n hot dish, sprinkle with grated cheese and bake In the oven until the cheese Is molted. Servo with tho vegetables In tho cen ter. SEASONABLE DISHES. A pretty "Jts well us a tasty dish to serve with lamb or roast of meat is colory relish. Celery Relish. fl!l nf wntnr. linnt n ntinflll nf wotrfii orwl While hot ndd tho Julco of two lemons, nnd a half cupful of sugar. Let cool, then add a table spoonful of fresh grated horsoradtsh, a dash of cayenno and color a light green with vegetable coloring. Whon nlmost ready to set pour Into a mold with a cupful of chopped colory. Sot on lco to harden and cut In squares to servo. This may bo served on lettuco with a salad dressing making a most attractivo salad. Manhattan Apples. Coro and paro six or oight apples, cook In n sirup made of a cupful and a half each of "sugar and wntcr, turning often until tho apples aro tender. A good way to add to tho flavor of this dish Is to cook tho applo peelings In wator to cover, strain and uso that with tho sugar for tho sirup. If tho apples have a red peeling It will mnko them a beautiful pink color. Havo ready as mnny rounds of spongo cako ns thero uro npples. brown in a llttlo hot buttor and on each placo an applo, pour over tho sirup and servo with whipped cream or simply with the applo sirup, Newport Whips. Stand n glass ol raspberry Jelly In n warm placo whore it will soften to a thick sirup, float tho whitvs of two eggs until foamy, add tho Jelly, thon gradually pour In a cupful of thick cream, stir in n half cupful of powdered sugnr und bent all together with a largo dover egg heater or whip In a cream churn. Tako off tho froth as It rises and place In a bIovo to drain. When no "more froth appears arrango It In glosses placing a spoonful of tho froth on top of each. Servo Icy cold. Ono may mako this with Jelly, ogg and a llttlo sugar witliout tho crenm, beating just tho snrao. Thon sorvd with whipped crenm If so destred. Plainly His Vocation. Hepsy "That boy of ours seems mighty fond of tondln' to other foIkB" business," Mlram "Guobb we'll hev to mako a tnwyor of him. Then he'll git paid for doln' if Boston Tran script. Education It a Big Thing. Education is a grand good thing. Rofore she wont away to school Vir ginia Feathorlngham cnllod her moth er "maw." Now she refers to her as "the mater." Topeka Capitol. BILIOUS, HEADACHY. SICK "CASCARETS" Gently cleanse your liver and sluggish bowels while you sleep. Got a 10-cent box. Sick headache, biliousness, dizzi ness, coated tongue, foul taste and foul breath always trace them to torpid liver; dolayed, fomenting food in tha bowels or sour, gasBy stomach. Poisonous matter clogged in tho in testines, instead of being cast' out of tho system is re-absorbed into tho blood. Whon this poison reaches tho delicate brain tlssuo it causes con gestion and that dull, throbbing, sick ening headache. Cascarets immediately clcanso tha stomach, removo tho sour, undigested, food nnd foul gases, tako tho excess bllo from tho llvor and carry out all tho constipated wasto matter and. poisons In- the bowels. A Cascaret to-night will surely straighten you out by morning. Thoy work whllo you sleep a 10-cent box. from your druggist means your head clear, stomach sweet and your llvor and bowols regular for months. Adv. Greenhcart wood from British Gulnna is said to outlast iron or steel when used under water. Throw Oil Cold end 1'rcvent l.'np. When too lrel a cold coining un, take LAXA T1VH llllOjlO QU1MNH. it remOTOS ortuio oS Colds and drip. OnljrOno " DUOMO QUININH." B W. OUOVll'8 signature on box. Sic Up His Sleeve. Patience Looks as If ho had some thing "up his sleovo," doesn't ho? Patrlqo Ho has. It's a wrist watch. Not Gray Xlalra bat Tired Eye make us look older than wo are. Kcer your Eyes yount? and you will look young'. After the Movies Murine Your Eyes. Don't tell your age. Murine Eye Remedy Co. Chicago, Sends Eye Book on request. In Backward Borneo. According to the Horseless Age, there are only flvo automobiles in British North Borneo, and 2,400,000' In tho United States. Now you under stand why there aro no gasoline mil lionaires In North British Borneo. Richmond Times-Dispatch. SUFFERED FOR FOUR YEARS. Mr. J. M. Sinclair of OHvehlll. Tenn., writes: "I strained my back, which weakened my kidneys and caused an awful bad backache and inflammation of the bladder. La ter I became so much worse that I consulted a doctor, who said that I had Dia betes and that my heart was af- Mr. J M. Sinclair. C( for four yoara and wifs in a nervous state and very much depressed. Tho doctor's medi cine didn't help mo, so 1 decided to try Dodcfs Kidney Pills, and I cannot say enough to express my relief and thankfulnuas. as tney cured me. Dia mond Dimir Pills cured me of Con stipatic Dodd& ey Pills, 60c. por box at your de r Oodds Medicine Co., Buffalo Dodds Dyspepsia Tab- lets for 50c. per ion havo been proved. v. y Seat. "My," looked v must ha o Alfred, as he- book, "this sailor o acrobat!" "Why: cd his mother. "Beer. Alfred, "It says In t ng lit his pipo ho sat dowiVnhTs7 chest.' "Youth's Com panion, j FALLING iHAIR MEANS DANDRHFF IS ACTIVE Save Your HalrllGet a 25 Cent Bottls of Danderlne iRIght Now Also Stops ItrJhing Scalp. Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy hair la mute ovidjenco of a neglected calp; of dandrulU that awful scurf, There is nothlii g bo destructive to tho hair as dandruff. It robs tho hair of its luster, Us strength and its very life; eventually p 'oduclng a feverlsh- ness and itching ;of the scalp, which. if not remcdlod ciiuses tho hair roots to shrink, loosen and die then tho hair falls out fast A llttlo Danderlne- tonight now anjf time will Burely aave your hair. ( Got a 25 cent uottlo of Knowlton's Danderlne from aV'y aloro, and after the first application your hair will take on that life, l(ustor and luxuriance which is so boautlVul. It will become wavy and fluffy and! have the appear anco of abundance; an incomparable' gloss and Boftueifs, but what' will pleaso you most yvl11 u after Juat a few weeks uso, wlhen you will actual ly see a lot of flnje, downy hair new hair growing all ipver the Bcalp. Adv. Its Transformation. "This," said that messenger sadly asi ho looked on the? broken form which, had been knocked out of his hands,, "was once an arjticle on electricity." "Well, what Jf it?" asked a by stander. "And now It h a piece of current mm mm h n ilMiisrTMiff pi.