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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 17, 1915)
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
GOOD BIRDS ARE ESSENTIAL TO PROFITS
Excellent Specimen of
In turkey-raising, even more than
with chickens or most other kinds of
poultry, good birds are essential to
good profits. To mako scrubs pay moro
than a minimum is almost impossible.
About the only place where one can
flucceed with mediocre turkeys is in
.sparsely-settled country, whore a few
hens, or small flocks of below-averago
turkeys, ranging for themselves in a
wild state, cost their ownors little or
.nothing, and at tho end of tho season
bring in a little more returning a
small sum on an outlay of a still
Yet tho overwhelming majority of
1 llrlrntr.rn tanra nnnflnr r hn nnMtnlit tft
start with very average birds, and al
WINTER CARE FOR CHICKENS i
Badly Ventilated House Is Always
Damp Sour Milk Is Excellent
Food for the Fowls.
Most poultrymen feed oats in ono
form or another to their birds. We
regard wholo oats as dangerous when
.fed to youngsters.
A badly ventilated poultry house is
.always damp from the breath of fowls
1f nothing else.
Millions of gallons of sour milk are
thrown away every day In spito of
the fact that it makes the very best
food for fowls.
It is a great mistake to inbreed too
closely, as eggs aro apt to bo weak in
fertility. Better introduce a new cock
at least every threo years, and be suro
lie is a good one.
In buying a cock bird, always select
ono that shows every sign of mas
culinity, good fighting qualities and
ll. The drone is useless.
Now is tho tlmo to buy your breed
ing birds for next spring. Better so
Ject them in tho yard than in tho
pen at the poultry show, unless you
-aro an expert.
SUPERIOR FEED FOR POULTRY
Dry Mash Made of Mixture of Several
Ground Grains With Meat Scraps
A good mash is made up as follows:
Two parts of bran to one part each
of middlings, cornmeal, ground or
rolled oats, meat scraps or cracklings,
cut clover, all parts by weight. A dry
mash is simply a mixture of sovcral
ground grains with or without meat
It is best to feed it from a hopper,
giving a small portion first thing in
tho morning, then closing the hopper
In order to keep the fowls busy
scratching in tho litter for scratch
Animal Food Is Essential.
Animal food, in some form, is neces
sary. Fowls that aro confined to yardB
do not have tho opportunity to get in
serts, worms, etc. They should be sup
plied with animal food, such as beef
scraps, ground green bono, butchers'
cracklings, etc. Ten per cent of ant
mal food threo times a week is ad
visable. Causes of Bowel Troubles.
The strictly healthy fowls do not
have bowel complaint. Looseness of
tho bowels in fowls ' limply an indi
cation of indigestion, or dorangement
af the digestive org' as.
Many poultrymon rocommond grow
ing sunflowers in the poultry yards.
The seeds arc good feed for both
:hicks and older birds.
Securlnn Winter Eggs.
Wmtnr eggs aro most successfully
decured by keeping small colonies.
Look After Water Supply.
Ho suro to keep plenty of pure, fresh
water before tho hens.
Bronze Turkey Cock.
low tho quality of their flocks to drop
a little lower season after season
through careless handling, Inbreeding,
selling off tho largest and best-grown
birds for market, and so on.
Good stock does not necessarily
mean show-room stock. Nor does it
moan necessarily oxpensivo stock,
though of course as a general rule
ono has to pay in proportion for qual
ity. Good stock, with turkeys, means
essentially good utility stock; if tho
show-room qualities are superimposed
on these, so much tho better, but tho
utility points are tho ones that will
bo found to count the most in tho
long run. Tho most useful turkeys
aro the strong, alert, hardy birds.
COMFORT IN POULTRY HOUSE
Even in Coldest Climate Artificial
Heat Is Not Necessary Hen
Tho housing is one of the impor
tant things in poultry keeping and it
is comforting to think how it has been
simplified and how much less confine
ment Is required.
Artificial heat is not necessary.
Even in tho coldest climato the hens
are kept with their open houses and
the best results aro obtained. With
plenty of dry litter on tho floor and
a dry mash in hoppers with soma
green food, cut bono and a grain ra
tion that is scattered in tho straw
on tho floor in order to stimulato ac
tivity and create blood circulation,
with good clear, clean water that ia
of a temperature that Invites them to
drink freely, tho averago farm flock
will becomo far moro productive than
it has ever been in tho past.
If tho farmers of this country would
pay a little moro attention to tho hens,
if they would put them on tho same
basis that they havo their hogs,
cattlo and horses, they would find
that tho result from tho flock, taking
into consideration the amount of
money iuvested, would amply repay
them for their work. Great honor ia
due to tho farm hens of this country.
SERIOUS DISEASE OF FOWLS
Gangrene Will Pass From One to An
otherKill All First Cases and
Burn Them at Once.
Gangrene of tho crop is a serious
disease and will pass from bird to
bird. An offensive smell comes with
tho crop condition that causes gan
greno. Kill all first cases and burn
If there are several cases, these, if
not immediately killed, must bo quar
antined from tho well birds and fed
the sulpho-carbolate compound. Tho
runs and all parts of tho poultry
houses must bo disinfected after the
doparturo of such birds.
Range Not Necessary.
Farm range is good, but not neccs
sary to ralso healthy and profitable
fowls. Mnny of tho most successful
poultry raisers havo only a village lot
Success may bo attained In a small
way as well as on a larger scale.
Winter Sheds for Ducks.
Ducks profor staying out in their
runs all night, and this is best for
them during tho summer season, but
thoy are hotter protected In well-ventilated
sheds or houses during the win
Keep the Hens Busy.
Favor tho hens but keep them rus
tling and scratching. A chilly hot
just standing around Isn't doing much
Alert Hens Are Profitable.
Tho wldeawako, alert hens aro tho
ones that leave a neat profit botween
their feed bill and tho price tho egg
By ALVAH JORDAN GARTH.
"A dreary prospect," observed Rob
ort IJllss gravoly.
"But peaceful, dear, you must ad
mit thnt, and a desert may bo inndo
a paradise with love, you know."
Thoy had been married nearly a
quarter of a century, but as Mrs. Bliss
wound her nrms about hint and looked
Into hla eyes, loyal, confiding and nf
foctlonato, ho drew her closer to him
and his heart went out towards her
with a now thrill, as In thoso far days
when sho was a bonny, wlnsomo girl.
"It's worth tho fighting for, tho fu
ture with such a wlfo as you!" ho
cried, hla eyes brightening magically.
"One blessed thing Winnie docs not
. "Sweot dear, no," replied Mrs. Bliss,
n dim mist in hor oyes. "I hopo sho
will not know till her futuro is as
sured." It was a dreary prospect, Indeed,
that upon which husband and wlfo
gazed. Thoy had just como into pos
session of an eight-acro hlllsldo farm.
Tho Iioubo was woll enough at least
quaint, roomy and comfortable, but
tho soil was somewhat storllo, tho out
buildings were dilapidated, tho foncos
broken and down In places. At tho
best the rambling expanse suggested
disuso and povorty.
Mr. and Mrs. Bliss stood at tho
threshold of a now life. Tho old ono
had ended disastrously. Tho hus
band's business had becomo involved.
Ho gave up to his creditors all ho had
oxcopt tho legacy of an aunt, which
was to bo used to educato tho daugh
ter of tho house, Wlnnlo. When tho
last debt had boon paid tho creditors
had deeded over to Mr. Bliss tho littlo
abandoned farm, at which they had
just arrived, with their two younger
children, Artio and Will.
When tho parents spoke of Wlnnlo
thoro was an undercurrent of mingled
"Who Is That Clodhopper Friend of
anxiety and interest in tho situation.
Thoy had carefully kept tho truth
from hor. Tho collogo alio was at
tending was over fifteen hundred miles
away and sho camo homo only once
a year. Sho would finish hor educa
tion tho present fall and thoy did not
wish to break upon that program.
They know that If Wlnnlo loarncd of
their distress and impoverishment, she
would at onco hasten to their sido.
Thoy were aware, too, that Winnio
was engaged to a wealthy young man
in tho college town named Ernest
Vaile. MoroMlian over, thcrcforo,
thoy did not wish to disturb Winnie's
plans and hopes. Thoy led hor to bo
llevo that on account of health thoy
had removed to a now homo.
ThuB thoy had taken up a now bur
don of life. Of courBo tho children
were delighted -With tho novolty of
now surroundings. To tho anxious
husband and wlfo, however, thoro was
a difficult practical situation to face
and work out.
"I hardly know whoro to begin," ob
served Mr. Bliss, as ho and his wifo,
after walking about tho barren stretch,
rested on a slanting fenco rail under a
shady treo. "You seo, I know so lit
tle about farming."
"Suppose you let a willing neighbor
help you?" suggested an unexpected
voice, and a brlght-oyed, clover-looking
young follow of about twenty-five
leaped tho fenco and stood boforo
them, hat in hand and smiling In a
friendly way that mitigated tho soil
tudo about them. "I'm front a rallo
up tho road," ho explained. "It seems
so good to hear voices around tho old
deserted placo hero, that I found my
self an eavesdropper boforo I realized
Bluff, hearty, honest Ned Dover!
What an angol of helpfulness and on
couragomont ho provod to tho lonely
oxllos. Ho took tho now neighbors to
view his own farm, to bIiow them what
Industry, patience and poraovoranco
had wrested from tho wilderness. Left
an orphan at slxteon, ho had helped
hla aged grandfather get out of tho
land all it would produre. Now ho
had a model farm and a competency.
Dover helped them buy a horso and
wagon, a cow and a llttor of pigs. Ho
showed, thorn how to lay out a vege
table garden i a flefd of oata and
corn. Tho boys woro delighted to
tako horso and wagon and go into tho
tlmbor and cart tho wholo winter's
fuel to tho woodshed. When har
vest camo Mr. Bliss was bronzed,
rough-handed, but wns full of now
vigor and hopo.
Thoro was gonulno comfort in know
ing that tho collar wns stocked with
fruits, vegetables and homo-raised
bacon, that thoy need not Bparo food
lug tho broad, old-fashioned fireplace
all tho winter through, that thoro waa
ample fodder for tho cattlo, and com
fort and contentment In thnt thrift
promises a hnppy futuro whoro at
leant pcaco and plenty would abound.
Young Dover was a constant visi
tor. Tho Bliss people almost wel
comed him as a member of tho family,
Novor was there such a loyal, holpful
friend. Tho children loved him, tho
parents day by day Increased their
esteem of his hopoful, sterling charac
ter, and then ono cold evening, unex
pectedly, without a word of warning,
Wlnnlo camo homo.
Amid tho fond welcome of loving
hearts Wlnnlo broke down in tears.
Then, alono with hor mother, sho nar
rated a pitiful story of disappointment
and suffering. Sho had found hor sup
posed friends capricious and treach
erous. Her high ambition had been
daunted by tho hollowncss and super
ficiality of thoso who should have set
a higher oxamplo. Ernest Vnllo, to
whom sho had boon engaged, had for
feited his alleglanco to her by atten
tions to tho daughter of a millionaire,
"No," she answered almost smiling
ly to tho questioning look In her
mothor's oyea, "my heart Is not
broken! I fancied I loved him, but
hla despicable act haa changed all
that to contompt," but thcro was
a latent bitterness and rosentmcnt
in hor mind. "Oh, mothor," sho con
tinued fervently, "it is so good to bo
at homo with truo loving hearts. And
you aro all looking so strong and
woll and happy."
Tho noxt day Wlnnlo met Ned
Dover, and tho noxt, and Innumerable
dayB after that. It might havo boon
tho puro fresh air, or homo comfort,
but tho bloom camo back to hot
chcoks, and tho dear delightful ovo
nlngs which tho young farmer passed
with tho Bliss family began tp be
looked forward to with gonuino appre
ciation by Wlnnlo.
Ono day who should drive to the
farm from tho vlllago but Ernest Vnilo.
In tho mcantlmo Wlnnlo had learned
by letter of his dismissal by tho young
lady of wealth ho had vainly courted.
Vaile took up his quarters ut tho vll
lago hotel and called threo times a
Ono afternoon ho arrived with n
firm determination in his mind to
"patch up" thoir "littlo tiff," bollov
ing himsolf Irresistible Winnio tol
erated him. Sho was not rovongoful,
but she still smarted under the mom
ory of his mean perfidy.
Sho neither encouraged nor discour
aged him, but Bho patiently awaited
her opportunity. Vailo wa8 gottlng
sentimental moment by moment. As
thdy passed tho Dover farm, its young
owner, grubbing with a hoo, llftod his
"Who is that clodhopper friend of
yours, may I ask?" questioned Vnllo.
Tho answer sont him back to town
instantly, and thenco forthwith back
to his friends in tho East, for Winnie
had replied, promptly and proudly.
"That Is the man I honor and re
spect my futuro husband."
(Copyright, 1915, by W. G. Chapman.)
RUSKIN HAD MADE BEVERAGE
How Author Whom the World Reveres
Prepared Coffee for His
Ruskln not only preached tho gospel
of efficiency, saya tho Youth's Compan
ion, but when tho exigencies of tho oc
casion demanded ho practiced it also.
In hor entertaining book of remini
scences, "Thlrteon Years of a Busy
Woman's Llfo," Mrs. Alec Tweedlo
says that her father, Doctor Harloy, a
woll-known London physician, was a
great friend of Ruskin's and often
staid at Brantwood. Ono night Ruskln
asked Doctor Harloy whether ho liked
tea or coffeo boforo ho got up.
"A cup of tea," ho replied.
"Why don't you choose coffeo?"
"Woll, to tell tho truth, I havo lived
so much abroad that I don't fancy Eng
lish coffeo; It 1b generally so badly
His host said nothing. Tho noxt
morning Doctor Harley was awakened,
and a Btrong smell of coffeo permented
tho room. Turning to a servant ho
asked, "Is that my cup of tea?"
. "No, sir, It is Mr. Ruskin's coffeo."
"Mr. Ruskin's coffee! What do you
"Tho master was'up early. Ho roast
ed the cpffeo himself, ho ground tho
coffeo himself and ho mado tho coffoo
himself and ho hopes you will like It."
Doing His Part.
"Aro you working fop us?" asked
tho suffragist of a raeok-looklng man
who was loltorlng about tho entrance
to a hull whoro a mob of womon wcro
holding a political rally.
"Why, yes, In a manner of speak
ing," replied tho meok-looklng man.
"If you bollovo with Milton that
'Thoy also sorvo who only Btand
and wait.' "
"What do you mean by that?"
"I escorted my wlfo hero and I'm
waiting to tuko her homo."
Curse of Poverty.
"Tho Jibways boast that thoir ances
tors camo over In tho Mayflower."
"Indeed!" replied Mrs. Noorlch
haughtily. "It thoy coniomplato a
trip to Europe and that vessel were
still In service, I dnro say thoy would
havo to go back in tho Maytlowo"
I FLOATING TEETH OF HORSES AND MULEs""
Superior Animals for
(Hy J. M. HUI.Ij.)
Somo months ago tho wrltor had
occasion to purchnso two "second
hand" mulos to do Borne farm work.
These mules wcro bought at public
auction, and woro secured at prices
that might bo termed cheap.
Thoy woro shipped to tho country
and put to work at onco, but unfor
tunately, although thoy porformod
their work faithfully, it waa noticed
that thoy foil oft in flesh.
Upon careful examination of their
teeth It was discovered that their
grinders wcro worn and unovon, and
that consequently thoy could not thor
oughly mastlcato their grain or for
ago. Theroforo It waa a caso of either
selling them at a loss or having thoir
My mulos woro shipped to a voter
Inary surgeon, and after a thorough
examination of thoir mouths, ho ex
pressed tho opinion that they could bo
It wns discovered that ono of tho
muloa had a boll ulcor In ita mouth,
caused by tho loss of an upper grinder.
Tho lowor grinders having becomo
elongated, had cut into tho upper Jaw,
causing ulceration and much pain
when tho animal attempted to eat
cither grain or forage.
These long teeth wcro sawed off,
but In tho attempt tho mulo becamo
rostlvo and in splto of tho offorta of
two strong men, pulled back, and tho
tooth wns extracted. Her other tooth
wcro filed down and put In nB good
order ns possible This mulo was
shipped back to tho farm and In a
few days began to lmprovo in flesh.
A healing lotion was used in her
mouth for several days. Tho ulcor
disappeared, and after that sho had
no trouble whatever in masticating
either hay or grain, and performed
hor work s,o woll that sho waa flnnlly
sold nt a profit a few wooka after
When Bho waa bought at auction
sho was a living skoloton nnd tho
other ono, while fat when brought in
town, hnd ovldontly been fed on soft
food, for ho could nolthor masticate
hay or grain in sufficient amount to
keop him bo. In fact, ho practically
refused to cat corn cither on tho cob
or shelled and had to ho fed on meal
When his teeth wore treated ho waB
ablo to mastlcato his food fairly woll
and did very good work, soiling nt
public auction after hard work on tho
farm for somo months, for what ho
Thoro aro thousanda of horses and
mules that, arriving nt old ago, are
BtUI capablo of performing hard labor
ovory working day in tho yoar, if thoy
can thoroughly mastlcato their food;
and tho writor would advlso that when
horses or mulos of this class begin to
HEAVY FEEDING OF
SILAGE TO A BULL
Majority of Breeders Feed It in
Limited Quantities Together
Heavy feeding of silage to a bull
at Borvlco is not deslrablo and may
render him impotont, Somo breeders
will not feed sllngo under nny condi
tion, but probably the majority will
feed It In limited quantities together
with all tho alfalfa or clover hay tho
bull will conaumo. To supplement
this roughage sufficient grain la fed
to keop tho bull in good sorvico con
dition but not fat. Restricted and
careful feeding and plenty of exor
clso are tho fundamental require
ments In keeping a bull In good serv
A good ration for tho bull will con
Blst of all tho clover hay ho will con
sumo without waBte and ten to fif
teen pounds of good silage. If bull
la nt heavy sorvico or it ia nocessary
in order to keep him in good condi
tion, feed BUlllclent of a grain mix
ture consisting of equal parts of dried
browor's grains and ground oata or
bran. At $20 por ton tho dried brow
er'B grains aro tho cheapest feed, but
tho oats or bran will ndd -variety and
lighten up tho ration. If no Bllago is
fed, it may bo doBlrablo to feed from
a half pound to a pound of oil menl
dally, possibly adding corn nnd cob
meal to tho regular grain ration.
Real Crop Rotation.
A moro succession of tho various
grain crops la not a rotation that has
any real significance Real crop ro
tation to be worthy of tho name must
Include somo legume.
General Farm Work.
fall oft in ilesh thoy bo taken at onco
to somo rcllnblo votorlnary Burgeon
If thoy aro past treatment thoy
should ho sold at auction for what
thoy will bring for no animal can per
form a day's work satisfactorily when
ita tcoth aro in condition to prevent
tho mastication of ita foor properly.
Whon n wulo or borBo of uncertain
ngo Is to bo bought by a farmer who
is looking for cheap animals it would
bo ndvlsablo for him to tako a votorl
nary along If ho (tho farmer) cannot
toll ngca nnd havo tho votorlnary
mako a thorough examination beforo a
purchnso is mado.
Tho writer has had about thirty
yoara' experience in handling horaes
nnd mules, nnd can snfoly assort that
ago doos not count bo much in their
ability to do good work as tho condi
tion of their tooth; but in order to do
a day's work thoy must bo nblo to mao
tlcnto their food thoroughly.
LIVE STOCK IS BIG
FACTOR IN FARMING
One of Most Important Elements
in Making Farming Profit
ableHigh Labor Income.
(Dy A. U. BENTON, AsslHtnnt In Fnrm
MunuKcmcnt, University Fnrm, St. Paul,
Records from 400 farma In Rico
county, Minnesota, show that good
ltvo atock was tho moBt Important fac
tor In mnking farming profitable. Tho
labor income, or tho amount of monoy
tho farmer earned nbovo farm ex
penses, interest on tho farm invest
ment nt flvo por cont nnd tho vnluo of
farm produce used in tho household,
was used aa tho measure of buccosb.
Tho productivity of live Btock is
mcaaurod by tho vnluo of tho roturna
to tho farmer. Thoso farmB having
live stock returning less than CO por
cont of tho average of all tho farma on
tho baBls of tho amount of llvo stock
kept, gavo an averago labor incomo of
$49 less than nothing. In othor words
these farmers had to tako $ 19 from
tho interoBt on their Investment In or
der to pay their fnrm oxponsoa.
FarntB with llvo stock returning from
CO to 100 por cont of tho averago, gavo
an averago labor Incomo of $148;
thoso with llvo stock returning from
101 to 140 por cont of tho average
gavo a labor Incomo of $50G; thoso
with llvo stock returning over 140
por cent of tho averago, gavo a labor
Incomo of $911. Llvo stock did not
glvo a high labor incomo in ovory in
stance Yield of crops, slzo of farm
business, efficiency of labor nnd tho
amount of llvo atock aro all important
SALT IS ESSENTIAL
FOR DAIRY CATTLE
Important Item Often Overlooked
in Cow's RationPut in
(Uy 12. V. ELLINGTON. Idaho Experi
An importnnt Item that la ofton over
looked In tho management of tho dairy
herd ia tho necessity of providing salt
In tho ration of tho cow. All animals
that conaumo largo quantltlea of veg
etable food require salt. Babcock of
tho Wisconsin experiment station
found In his experimental work that
tho cattlo whon doprlvod of Bait be
camo emaciated and woro of low vi
tality and finally suffered a completo
breakdown. Ho recommended that
thoy should bo fed throo-fourtha of an
ounco por day with an additional Blx
tenths of an ounco for each 20 pounds
of milk producod.
Whllo Bnlt may ho provldod in tho
dally ration by mixing it with tho
grain, an equally satisfactory method
In practlco Is to koep it in a conven
ient plnco, where tho animals may
havo ready access to it whon thoy so
desire. It may bo used in tho form
of rock salt or placed in boxes In tho
feed lot. Howovor, it should bo borno
In mind that salt is vory essential to
tho economical handling nnd health of
Give 8heep Water.
It ia a queer fancy with somo men
that sheep can get enough drlnlc by
eating graaa when tho dow la on in
tho early morning. Stop and think
how vory, vory littlo water a shoop
could got that way. Glvo thorn a good
spring or a trough to drink from.
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