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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1915)
THE SEMI.WEFKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA,
CULTIVATION IS BEST
Keep Away From the Roots, or Cultivate
(By M. It. CONOVER. Kod Dank, N. J )
The orchard in question wnB in sod
of permanent orchard graBS when it
caruo into my possession four years
ago, having been seeded two or threo
yearn before. Three of the four years
since I bought, it this section has cuf
fered severo droughts in the summer.
There was quite a lot of dcadwood
in tho orchard and this was cut out
the flr3t year. The scars healed over
with tho bark in many instances, in
dicating a vigorous condition of tho
Tho next year xi more drastic prun
ing was glvon and the succeeding year
a good crop of fruit was borne.
Tho soil of an adjoining Held re
ceived thorough cultivation nnd this
extended under the outer row of apple
trees. Tho third year tho trees
through tho center of the oiehaiii he
gan to dlo back to an alarming degree
and tho foliage turned a sickly yellow
Examination revealed no scale in
sects, but I feared some invisible pest
was at work in my orchard and my
trees must go. However, early last
spring I turned under the sod In the
entire orchard and have cultivated
tho soil all tho season. The trees aro
toning up, but it is going to take more
than a couple of years to get back to
normal condition if not longer.
CONSTRUCTION OF A
fi'li.t iJ ' I I ft 1 1 1 4.(4 '.4" 1
a s fe-..-a
if-, ff I
Cfrbss sscrtoM ,
Basement Type of Storehouse With Elevator for Loading.
In the construction of a potnto storehouse or cellar there needs to bo
careful consideration of temperature, ventilation, light, drainage, conven
ience, durability and cost. The best temperature is just above freezing or
about 34 degrees. Well-insulated walls, a properly drained location and ven
tilation aro essential in maintaining an even temperature. Darkness Is de
manded for table stock because greening by light develops tho acrid taste
characteristic of exposed potato tissue. On tho othor hand, light prevents
disease, toughens tho skins and is a check to excessive sprouting. Cellars
should havo light in tho spring without warmth. A knoll Is tho best place
to locato a potato cellar, as It can bo placed well into tho earth and still havo
good drainage. Each square foot of floor space will carry 200 pounds of
potatoes piled five feet deep. -A collar 50 by 100 feet will hold nearly 20,000
bushels. Tho plan shows construction of house to Kold 10,000 bushels when
filled ten feet deep. Orange Judd Farmer.
USING HEN MANURE
AND ASHES IS BAD
Ohio Experiment Station Gives
Reply to Question as to Fer
tilization of Soil.
Tho Ohio experiment station has re
ceived frequent inquiries as to how to
uso ashes and hen manure to tho best
advantago in fertilizing tho soil. The
best answer the station gives to the
question is: Don't. Ashes aro about
one-third lime, but no material con
taining llmo, in tho form In which It is
contained in ashes, should be mixed
with moist manure, as tho lime will
causo the liberation of a considerable
part of tho nitrogen in tho manure
and it will escape as ammonia gas.
Ashos and dry hen inanuro may bo
mixed immediately before applying
tho manure, as tho ammonia will most
ly bo absorbed and held by the soil.
Tho proper material to mix with man
ure Is acid phosphato, as this serves
to fix tho ammonia instoad of liberat
ing it and also ro-onforces tho manure
with phosphorus, which Is tho element
most needed by moat soils similar to
that in Ohio. Acid phosphato sprinkled
over tho dropping boards will reduce
tho loss of ammonia and Increase tho
effectiveness of tho inanuro.
A mlxturo of 250 pounds dry hen
manure, 150 pounds acid phosphato
and 100 pounds unieached hardwood
ashes will contain ,jjrafctlcally the
same quantities of u-Zruonla, phos
phoric acid ntLpotash ns would bo
carried in SSo Uoands of 2-10-2 for-
1111 T) i t. L l .1 nn,,n nt,1 n
uiizur, "J usiu u buiiu muvu uuu u
woodon postlo to pulvorlzo tho inan
uro such a mixture may bo applied
with tho ordinary fertilizer drill, and
if tho nshos aro not added until with'
In a fow days of the application thorp
IN APPLE ORCHARD
-Every Root Broken
Tho trees on the outer edge which
received cultivation last year have
suffered no dying back, but have grown
long, vigorous branches which last
year bent to tho ground beneath a
load of fruit, and the foliage Is a line
If I had turned the sod under the
first year I have no doubt that my
crop of apples would have been
abundant, judging from tho cultivated
trees, yet tho soil lias had no fertilizer
aside from tho turned under sod.
I believe that two years is long
enough for any orchard to bo kept in
sod. Of course a clover sod would
havo given better results.
Judging from tho appearance of
many orchards over this section of
tho country I believe some growers
aro putting too much faith in sod;
that Is, they are leaving the sod upon
the orchards too long and wherever
this is being dono the trees look
about as mine did.
I havo a row of Baldwin applo
trees along a lane. A wide strip of
lino sod has grown under them on
the roadside for many years, but tho
Held they border Is under continual
Tho trees are healthy and vigorous
nnd bear fruit well, so it seems that
purtlal cultivation does much to keep
the trees in good condition.
will bo no appreciable loss of am
Coal ashes havo practically no fer
tilizing valuo, but may sometimes be
used with advantage in loosening a
compact clay soli or ns a mulch
around small fruits in tho garden.
TURN YOUNG LAMBS
INTO CORN FIELDS
This Should Be Done While
Weeds Are Young and Ten
derThey Do No Damage.
(By It. G. WEATHERSTONE.)
It is good practice to turn tho
lambs Into the cornfield as soon as
tho corn is matured enough so it
cannot be hurt by them. They should
of course bo turned In while the weeds
aro yet young and tender. They will
then crop them down nnd in doing so
will render tho most munlllcont serv
ice to tho ileld. They will also crop
off tho lower leaves of tho corn and in
this way will obtain much food
without probubly doing any hnrm to
tho corn. Tho shado furnished by the
corn when the weather is unusually
hot will be good for tho lambs.
When lambs newly weaned aro
turned into such fields it may bo neces
sary to supplement tho food given to
them. It probably will bo necessary.
Tho weeds grow much in tho Bhade,
and consequently will bo more Insipid
than If they grow in bright sunshine.
Evon when nowly weaned lambs aro
turned in to grnzo on good pasture,
they should as a ruio be given a sup
plement of grain. When they pasture
amid corn, If thus fed, the lambs will
not only bo directly bonofited but tho
fertility added to the land, or somo of
It, will bo proportionately helpful.
GOOD ROADS AND MOISTURE
When Soli Is Dry It Crumbles to Dust
nnd When It Contains Too Much
Water It Bdcomes Mud.
(By W. C. rAT.Mnn. North Dakota Kx-
Ono of tho important factors in
roadmaking is to control tho molsturo
content of tho soli in making up tho
roadbed. When tho soil is dry it
crumbles to' dust nnd when it contains
too much water it becomes mud.
Theso aro tho two extremes to avoid.
To mako a hard roadbed tho soil must
contain a fair amount of molsturo.
Tho control of tho molsturo roqulrcs
that tho roadbed bo higher in tho mid
dle and smooth so that water cannot
Btand on It but will run off. If wator
Good Road in North Dakota,
can stand on the road, ruts will re
suit and when these are ground down
dust forms and finally a looso roadbed
Keoping tho roadbed well crownpd
and smooth will hold tho molsturo in
it so that it will pack hard.
Weeds must also be kept soveral
feet from tho wheeltrack olso thoy
will draw tho molsturo from tho road
bed and thus loosen It up; this is
especially true In regions of modorato
Trees should not bo allowed to
shade tho road as this keeps it too
moist on the surfaco after rains so
that travel spoils tho surface
Tho making of a smooth roadbed
requires that when tho soil ia put on,
it bo laid in layers and not in piles.
When dumped In piles somo places
will be more packed than others nnd
thoro will likely bo a differenco in tho
density, whilo if inld on In layers this
will' bo avoided. Each layer should
bo harrowed, or better yet, disked and
packed before tho noxt one Is laid
down. In this way a good roadbed is
secured from tho first, while if tho
soil is Just dumped on the road to bo
lovcled nnd packed by tho traffic ovor
tho road a good roadbed will never bo
Tho best tool for keeping the road
well crowned nnd tho surfaco smooth
In tho splitlog drag. This tool should
bo used soon after a rain. Tho soli
is then looso and easily moved. Tho
drag moves but small amounts of soil
and smears it on tho roadbed In thin
layers which is Just what Is wanted.
It cuts off any projections and 1111a
up any low places.
Whero thoro is standing water tho
roadbed should bo kept at least a
foot abovo tho water surface anil
eighteen Inches is better. Tho nature
of tho soil and tho length of tlmo that
tho water stands along tho road will
to n degreo determlno how high tho
rondbed must bo abovo tho water.
In dry-farming territory it is inv
portnnt to keep tho weeds away from
tho roadbed and to keep tho roadbed
woll crowned nnd smooth.
The Split-Log Drag.
Tho split-log drag haB contributed
moro toward tho economic mnlntc
nanco of the public highways than any
Implement of modorn usage. It does
not rcqulro speclnl acts of tho legis
lature, bond Issues or expensive edu
cational campaigns to mnko It nvnll
ablo as usually precedes construction
work. A drag can bo built or pur
chased for $20 and Is easily oporatcd
by anyono who can drlvo a team.
Promote Rural Prosperity.
It Is now generally admitted that
good roads promote rural prosperity,
oven if thoy do cut down tho profits
of tho men who hired out teams to
pull motor cars out of mud holes.
Smnllor pigs aro kept stunted if loft
to run with tho larger, stronger ones
by being crowded from the feeding
Worth $3 a Ton.
Wheat straw alono Is worth $3 por
ton as rortillzor. Its valuo is much
moro when used for bedding tho cow.
Legumes and Lime.
Tho promotion of tho growth of
logumos is tho ono effect which, above
till others, justifies tho uso of llmo.
Testifies She Was Restored
to Health by Lydia E.
Lnckawannn, N. Y. " After .my first,
child was born I felt very miserable and
could not Btand on
my f cot. My sister-in-law
wished mp to
try Lydia E. Pink-
linm's Vc go tablo
Compound and my
nerves became firm,
appetite good, step
clastic, and I lost
Uint weak, tirotl
feeling. That was
six years ago and 1
have had three fino
healthy children Bincc. For female trou
bles I always take Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetablo Compound and it works liko
a charm. I do all my own work." Mrs.
A. F. Krramer. 1574 Electric Avenue,
Lackawanna, N. Y.
The success of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetablo Compound, mndo from roots
and herbs, is unparalleled. It may bo
used with perfect confidenco by women
who suffer from displacements, inflam
periodic pains, backache, hearing-down
or nervous prostration. Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound i3 tho stan
dard remedy for female ills.
Women who suffer from those dis
tressing ills peculiar to their sex should
be convinced of tho ability of Lydin E.
Pinkhnm's Vegetablo Compound to re
store their health by tho many genuino
and truthful testimonials we are con
stantly publishing in tho newspapers.
If yon vrnnt speclnl ndrlco -write to
Lydin II. I'lnkhnm Medicine Co. (confi
dential) Lynn, Mass. Your letter will
be opened, rend and answered by a
woman and held in strict confidence.
Hardly Complimentary. ,
A Now 13ngland housowife ono after
noon recolved a call from a hobo to
whom that morning sho had given
Tho knight of tho road doffed his
ragged headpiece and with great civil
ity addressed her thus:
"Madam, this morning you gavo mo
threo doughnuts. Would it bo asking
too much to request a fourth?"
"I'll bo glad to give you another,"
said tho woman, as sho prepared to
wrap ono In a newspaper. "So you
like my doughnuts, do you?"
"It isn't that, madam," explained tho
hobo. "You see, somo friends of mlno
down in tho meadow wish to have a
gnmo of quoits."
"Can't I pcrsuado you to sign tho
"I s'poso so," replied Undo Bill Bot
tletop. "Tho only troublo is that I'm
gettin' so easy persuaded that ovory
tlmo I sign tho pledge somo fellow
comes along and persuades mo to tuko
"You havo to got a now night
"Why, whnt's tho mntter, Bill, I
thought you liked tho Job?"
"Oh, I did at first, but this stroot'B
got bo noisy I can't sleep at wink at
Hard to Tell.
Gibbs I tell you, no man can fcol
Dlbbs Then how did you got her!
"DEAR MOTHER: A good thing to
send would be a package of Grape-Nuts,
or something of that kind that is not
expensive or heavy and is of good food
value. Your son, WILL."
From a Canadian soldier at the battle front;
reprinted from the Rerfreu) (Onl.) Journal.
Wherever hardships are endured, wherever big deeds are accomplished, there a
food is demanded that provides maximum of value in brain- and body-building
material with minimum of bulk.
In this respect no other food equals
In building the Panama Canal thousands of brain workers a3 well as brawn
workers kept themselves fit and in trim by eating Grape-Nuts dry from the package.
Not only does Grape-Nuts supply all the brain- and bone-building, nerve- and
muscle-making elements of choicest wheat but also the rich nutriment of malted barley.
Grape-Nuts is highly concentrated nourishment in compact form always ready,
crisp and delicious thoroughly baked and packaged to keep indefinitely, anywhere.
Wherever time is precious and sound nourishment vital you'll find Grape-Nuts.
"There's a Reason"
Sold by Grocers everywhere.
COULD RECOGNIZE NUISANCE
Judge's Retort Set Courtroom Laugh
ing and Gave Lawyer Something
to Think About.
City iMnglBtrato Krotcl, who Is noted
for a characteristic brand of dry hu
mor, occasionally manifested In ut
terances from the bunch, turned a
cruel shaft loose upon a pestiferous
young nttomoy this woek, to tho su
premo enjoyment of a crowded court
room, says tho Nov York correspon
dent of tho Cincinnati Tmos-Star. Tho
young attorney was proBocuttng In a
cobo where tho maintaining of n nul
snnco was alleged. , Tho rulings of
Magistrate Krotol did not please him.
His numerous objections became per
sistently controversial. "If your honor
pleases," ho said, "1 would not pro
sumo to Instruct tho honorable court
In a question of law, but I am Impelled
to obsorvo thnt I doubt In tho pres
ent case only, of course If tho court
properly conceives of what constitutes
"You nro mlstken, Blr," was tho re
sponse from tho bench. "This court
hns never had a moro clenr or oxom
plary Idea of what constitutes a nui
sance thnu in tho present enso at tho
present tlmo. And for that, In a
measurable way, tho court thanks you,
Pew men aro ablo to apprcclato got
ting tho short ond of a joko.
When nil others fall to please
Try Denlson'a Coffee.
Time magnifies our good deeds and
diminishes most of our naughty onos.
Tho way of a wlso man is to lot a
woman havo hor own way.
For genuine comfort nnd lnsting pleas
ure use Red Cross Unll Blue on wash day.
All good grocers. Adv.
Optimist What do you consider
tho greatest thing that ovor happened?
Pessimist It hasn't. Puck.
A Small Percentage.
City Man How many servants do
Suburbanite About ono out of
He Had Painted Too.
"My dear follow," said tho artist,
"you can't imngino how much work
thoro was in painting that picture"
"Oh, yes, I can," said tho young
country lad, "my father made mo paint
tho barn ono Bummor."
Thoy woro gathering apples togothor
tho little blondoandtho blgathloto.
"Aro you fond of goldon swoots?"
sho asked, in a summer Vacatlony way.
"Oh, yes, in tho summer tlmo," ho
replied, but ho quickly added: "My
strong proforenco is for fall pippins."
"I fear that you aro inclined to look
on your follow man with a Jaundlcod
oyo," remarked tho altruist.
"It isn't my fault," said tho pessi
mist. "My follow man Bhowo on an
avorago such a broad yellow streak
that tho reflection has affected my
No Need to Worry.
"Say, do you know I wns fearfully
embarrassed last night when you In
troduced mo to Mrs. Rich. Do you
supposo sho noticed my clothes need
"I'm Buro sho didn't. Sho novor no
tices anything unless it's out of the
Feel All Used Up?
Does your back acho constantly? Do
you have sharp twlogcs when stooping
or lifting? Do you feol all used up
as if you could just go no further?
Kinney weakness brings great discom
fort. What with backache, headache,
dlszioess and urinary disturbances it is
no wonder one feels all used up.
Doan's Kidnoy Pills have cured thou
sands of just such cases. It's the best
recommended special kidney remedy.
A Nebraska Case
uTXfl&SISjfc, Mrs. Robert
North llend. Nob.,
says: "I suftcred
from a dull, heavy
pain in my shoul
ders, nlonir with n.
tired reeling. I had
lwuilachOB and dia
ry spells nnd was
afraid to walk
across the floor. I
felt restleHs and
norvoun and my
klilnnvs wore In
bad shapp. Doan's Kidnoy Pills pave
mo tho tlrst rollef I had received ami
continued uso restored ma to good
Ct Dotn' t Any Stor. GOe Dox
FOSTER-MILBURN CO BUFFALO, N. Y.
The Army of
Is Growing Smaller Every Day.
LIVER PILLS are
not only give relict
nently cure Cod-
them for .
Indiiestioa, Sick Heailicbe, Sallow Slue.
SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE,
Genuine must bear Signature
W. N. U., OMAHA, NO. 40-1915.
Where It Was Appropriate.
Lord Kitchener, it is said, is vory
pleased with tho result of tho prcsont
"Wo nro all tomporato now," said
his lordship recently.
"To got drunk is an unhoard-of thing
among gentlemen. It a gentlomnn
ovor gots drunk nowadays ho has, you
may bo suro, a romarkablo oxcuso to
offor." To lllustrato his point Lord
Kitchener told this story:
A major, aftor a fancy dross ball at
Simla, camo homo ditink and his
shocked wlfo said to him:
''Aren't you ashamod to roturn from
tho ball in that condition?"
"Don't blamo mo, my dear," said tho
major; "you must romombor that tho
character I assumed was that of a
"Hubby, dear, is my gown comma II
faut?" asked Mrs. Gadders.
"How do I know?" growled Mr. Gad
dors. "If you mean Is it tho kind ot
dross It ought to be against tho law
to wear, why, yes."
"Tho old Baying about truo lovo
novor runs smooth wasn't truo in
tholr case. Thoy novor had a slnglo
quarrel during their ongagoment."
"No, thoy woro Bavins them all up
for their honoymoon."
Aftor all, tho chief differenco be
tween mon and roosters is that men
do tholr crowing during tho day.
Maids ot honor aro thoso who do
not try to flirt with tho bridogroom.
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