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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 14, 1915)
THE 8EMI.WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA.
ART OF SELLING FRUIT AND VEGETABLES
(By S. B. SHAW.)
A great many fruit-growers mako
,tho mistako of allowing their fruit to
becomo too rlpo boforo picking, and as
a result tho produce, which looks
fresh enough In tho orchard or garden,
reaches tho market overripe and often
Ovorripo fruit or vegetables should
always bo sold in a market which can
bo reached within a very short time
after leaving tho farm and very ripe
fruit should bo consumed at homo or
Nevor ship bruised fruit, because
ovory bruise meaus quick decay and
rotting fruit novor brings its cost on
tho market. Some growers harvest
their fruit by shaking it on tho ground
on beds of straw placed around the
trees or by knocking it off with poles
-or clubs. Fruit gathorcd in this way
la almost useless.
Fruit should bo picked in bag3 or
baskets slung around tho pickers
neck in order that ho may uso both
hands and every Individual fruit
should bo laid, not thrown, into the
receptacle. Growers of flno oranges
have learned that ovqn tho slight
abrasions made by tho picker's finger
nails will cause decay, and in many
orchards tho pickers nro provided
with gloves to prevont injury of this
Noxt to propor picking comes grad
ing, and many growers couslder thi3
tho most important operation in pre
paring fruit and vegetables for mar
ket. This work can best be started
in tho field with tho growing of tho
crop. Careful cultivation means fewer
culls and less expenso for sorting and
Uniformity is tho chief requirement
to bo considered in this operation and
fruit and vegetables should always be
sent to market uniform in condition,
quality and general appearance. Mar
kets arc seldom overstocked with good
fruit and vegetables, but it is the poor
ly dovoloped, unoveuly ripened and
badly selected products that injure tho
sale of tho better articles.
Produce of all kinds should bo sort
ed so that in each package tho speci
mens are as nearly alike as possible.
Tho efficient grader has in mind tho
appearanco of tho wholo package and
not tho individual spoclmen.
Tho time has coma when tho better
grades of fruit and vegetables aro put
up in special packages that go with
tho salo of tho product. Tho increasing
demand of this period for produco In
"gift packages" has created very
strong competition among manufac
turers, and prices have been reduced
ito tho minimum.
It is a good plan for amateur grow
ers, who have not shipped to tho gen
eral markets, to first visit tho farms of
successful growers and learn by obser
vation how produco should bo picked,
graded and packed in order to bring
tho best prices.
To show tho Importance of tho
propor grading and picking of fruit it
may bo mentioned that some apples
sold on tho New York market at $4
per barrel, while apples from tho same
orchard ut the same timo sold at ?4
ADVANTAGES OF SILO
Cutting Ensilage and Filling 8ilo.
Tho silo has opened advantages to dairymen In other countries whore
corn doos not mature. In England, whero tho conditions aro unfavorable
for production of matured crops of corn, tho farmers sow corn for fodder,
stora In tho silo, and thou grow a crop of turnips on tho land from which
thoy took tho foddor. Tho aamo system can bo practiced In this country, but
our farmors aro too often content with ono crop, and thus do not derivo as
much from tho land as is possiblo to bo obtained.
Tho land In England is high, and farmors pay high rents, but thoy do
not hesitate to apply manuros and fertilizers liberally, becauso in that way
oxdy can thoy get large crops in return.
por box- Tho formor were ungraded,
whllo tho latter wero graded, wrapped
and well packed.
Most of tho fancy fruit from tho
wostern states sold on tho eastern
markets is wrapped in papor and
packed in boxes. Apples of this kind
frequently sell on the Chicago und
Now York and other big markets at
from 10 to 15 cents each, whllo 11
thoy wero packed indiscriminately in
barrels they would not bring one-third
of tho sum.
Trained pickers enn also faco each
basket, thereby Increasing tho attrac
tiveness of tho package
FOR MARKET TRADE
Ohio Farmer Begins Fattening
When the Cockerels Weigh
When we furnished soft roasters to
a local market, writes an Ohio farmer
In an exchange, wo began fattening
about September 1, when tho cockerels
wore about four pounds weight (soft
roasters are crate-fed cockerels). Wo
now sell most of ours In Now York
city and have our first ones ready for
tho Thanksgiving market. When the
weather is cool enough to risk a ship
ment that dlstanco (and wo keep it
up as long as wo can buy nico young
chickens), wo mako tho work lit In
with our other work; wo begin as soon
as wo can nftcr tho silos aro filled
and our stock cattle are in.
Wo keep the wind pump golug
when wo aro dressing and let tho cool
ing trough overflow. Tho tempcraturo
of tho water is about fifty degrees F,
and cools them as well as ico wntcr,
but no better, and not qulto so quick
ly. Wo do not draw any that wo ship,
but draw them for our local trade,
after first weighing as dressed. Wo
'find they aro worth four cents por
pound moro drawn than dressed.
Some markets require them drawn,
but not table drawn. Only tho small
Intestines aro taken out without cut
ting any opening.
If poultry is properly dressed and
cooled, it keeps better and longor
than if drawn, and tho carcass is very
much improved if kept at a tompera
turo of about fifty degrees F. for ono
or two weeks boforo being drawn and
cooked. If any feed is loft In tho crop
it gives a sour flavor to tho carcass
because tho fermentation of tho food
takes place there. But when that is
over and tho feed passed out into tho
intestines, and tho carcass cooled as
soon as dressed, no bad flavors re
sult. If tho skin Is cut to removo the
entrails, bacteria enter and very soon
spoil the carcass.
Time to Feed jChlcks. 1
Do not feed young chicks till they
aro at least ono or two days old. They
absorb tho yolk shortly boforo leav
ing tho shell, and that gives all the
nourishment their systems can uso
for somo timo.
TO THE DAIRYMAN
DRY AND WET COMPARTMENTS
Moisture In Incubator Tends to In
crease Hatch of Eggs Also Adds
to Weight of Chick.
A test made in April, 1914, by tho
New Jersoy experiment station to do
tormlno tho efficiency of a 300-cgg
capacity Incubator gavo a percentage
of hatch of fertilo eggs of 77.1 and a
percentage In July of 85. Comparing
compartments run dry with those run
wot it waB observed that the latter
gavo a much hlghor percentage of
hatch as well as an increase in the
weight of tho chicks, tho average
weight for tho dry being 1.2 ounces,
and for tho wet 1.25 ounces.
Four brooders of 100 week-old chicks
each were fed for nine woeks, two lots
receiving n regular chick ration and
two other lots receiving In addition all
tho sour milk thoy would consume.
Tho first' two broodors made a total
gain of 4S.G2 pounds and 42.35 pounds
and tho mortality was soventy-ono and
soventy-threo respectively, while the
last two brooders mado a total gain
of 82.22 and 81.04 pounds and tho raor
tallty was twenty-eight and twonty
eight, respectively,. It was found to
require 3.C quarts of skim milk to pro
duce a pound of body wolght.
It is stated that the skim-milk-fcd
chicks represented a moro uniform
flock than those not so fed. It has
been concluded that skim milk has
tho power to kill the organisms which
causo many poultry diseases, tho
bacilli being destroyed by tho dlluto
acid of the sour milk.
DURABLE COOP FOR CHICKENS
Illustration Gives Outline of Sanitary
Pen for Confining Chicks Simple
This drawing shows the plan ol
chicken coop wo designed and have
been using tho last ten years. The
coops aro made in the winter time
when the men are not busy with othoi
work. They aro mado of 12 and 6-inch
soft pine boards. They arc 23 inches
long, 18 inches wide, 18 inches high in
Sanitary, Safe and Durable.
front and a foot high at the back. The
roof extends over tho side walls about
3 inches on nil sides, writes Mrs. S. M.
Pephart, In Farmers Mall and Breeze.
Tho floors are hinged on as shown
and tho coops are painted insldo and
out. Wire screen is put in tho ends as
shown, to provide ventilation. The
littlo side door permits chicks to come
and go. Tho material in each coop
costs about $1. Wo U3e the coops
from year to year as they are cleaned
out every fall and put away in tho dry
during tho winter. I have never yet
lost a chicken in these coops, eithet
by drowning, smothering or through
having somo animal get In.
FILLERS FOR EGG CARRIERS
Shocks Incident to Shipping and Han
dling of Fragile Articles Will
Not Cause Breakage.
Tho Scientific American In illus
trating and describing a filler for egg
cases, invented by C. P. Daly of Now
This Invention relates to fillers fqt
egg cases or carriers and moro par
ticularly to an improved double-walled
filler of such construction that shock?
Filler for Egg Cades.
Incident to the shipping and handling
of eggs or llko fragllo articles will not
causo the breakage or injury thereto
ua is now commonly caused.
Improving the Flock,
liaise a few moro pullete than you
will want for layers, then you will
have a chance to pick out tho best
and sell tho culls. In this way you
will Improve tho flock.
Eggs for Winter.
How many eggs aro you putting
away for next winter? Bo suro thoy
aro fresh and then use a 10 per cent
Backache is Discouraging
Nothing Is moro discouraging
than a constant backache. Lanio
when you nwnkon, pains plorco you
whon you bond or lift, it's hard to
work or to rest. Backacho often
indicates bad kidneys. If tho urlno
is disordered, passages too fre
quent or scanty, thcro is furthor
proof. Delay Is dangorous. Prompt
uso of Bonn's Kldnoy Pills now
may oparo you sorlous troublo later.
Doan's is the world's best-rocom-mended
An Iowa Case
T'UStotv".t6l N. II. May, 1700
rZZJf v sixth St., Sioux
I (CTlx l0Wft Ba,8i
VVS'fiWP. ."My kidneys wero
t lfXl in bud slmpo and I
li a tl rheumatic
iinlns In my arms.
My hack nched so
severely It was
n iv r a ror mo to
ntnon or lift. Tho
kldnoy s o c retlons
scalded In paBsnKe. Doan's Kidney
Pills wero Just what I needed. They
strencthened my back and kidneys and
drove away tho pain and other kidney
Get Don' at Any Stor. COo Doz
FOSTER-MILDURN CO., BUFFALO. N. V.
Prompt Relief Permanent Cure
LIVER PILLS never
(nil. Purely vefceta
ble act surely
but gently on
improve the complexion, brighten the eyes.
SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE.
Genuine must bear Signature
A tolltt preparation of merit.
Fnr Rritorini Color and
Daautr toGrar or Faded ItatrJ
ftuo. ana iaj at itueki.i.
Use Aeroplanes to Hunt Seals.
Difficulty experienced this past sea
son In locating seal herds in northern
waters has caused tho owners of seal
ing ships to gtvo serious considera
tion to employing aeroplanes In next
year's hunt. Tloso craft of tho air,
thoy believe, can scout moro cheaply
and with less wasto of timo than tho
sealing ships, themselves. Small aero
planes, designed especially for tho
purpose, aro looked upon as entirely
feasible. Through tholr uso, seal
herds will bo located and roportod to
tho vessel which can then mako for
the spot Indicated.
No Long Term Wished.
"May 1 say just ono word boforo you
lmposo sentence?" asked tho street
"Well, what Is It?" snapped tho
"Please remember, your honor, that,
you aro imposing' sentenco and not
granting mo a franchise," ho cau
tioned, fearing for tho worst.
"I understand tho War department
Is sculpturing an army," remarked tho
man who likes action.
''1 wondor what kind of a model
"I don't know. I hopo It Isn't pa
tience on a monument."
When you havo no reason to smllo,
keep In practice anyway.
JEavSra II pills.
to School Bight
After the vacation rest, school children should quickly settle down to the task
of learning. Do your parti
Parental responsibility does not end by sending them to school. The child must
be equipped with mind and body at their best.
And here the right food plays a most important part.
Growing children need energy; the right kind and lots of it And energy cornea
from well-nourished nerves and brain.
a food made from wheat and barley, contains the vital mineral salts Phosphate of
Potash, etc. (grown in the grains) which directly act with other food values to build
up body, brain and nerves.
Statistics prove that much of the "backwardness" of some children, is due to
A morning dish of Grape-Nuts and cream is good alike for the bright scholar and
the backward pupil. The latter needs the nutrition; the former will progress in
sounder physical and mental health because of it.
MIGHTY POWER OF LOVE
Great Truth In Words Which Emer
son Is Put on Record na
H was Kmorson who said, "An nc
coptnnco of tho sentiment of lovo
throughout Clirlstondom for n season,
would bring the felon nnd tho outcast
to our sldo In tears, with tho devotion
of his faculties to our sorvlco. Lovo
would put n now fnco on this weary
old world, In which wo dwell as pa
gans and onomlos too long, and It
would warm the heart to seo how fnBt
tho vain diplomacy of statesmen, tho
Impotence of armies nnd navies nnd
lines of defense, would bo superseded
by this unarmed child." Alas that
tho Bontlmcnt hns not boon accepted,
but Instead tho world and tho Indi
vidual havo been laying their plans,
and directing their action, by a calcu
latlon of chnncos which, of courso.
can bo no bigger than tbo human
mind thnt doos tho calculating. That
lovo hns not been tried Is provod
by tho cdllnpse of commercial civili
zation, but tho things of commorco
and of calculation perish, whllo tho
sentiment of love endures, becauso it
Is of Ood, and being of God, Is suro
In tho end to triumph. Unlvorsallat
Drink Denlson's Coffee,
For your health's sako.
Hotter a song In tho heart than two
In tho flat upstairs.
Mot particular women uso Red Crow
Hall Blue. American made. Sure to please.
At all good isroecrs. Adv.
In tho good old days gono by when
a gnrdenor was kept It usod to bo
tho custom to keop a cask of lemon
ado from which tho outdoor servants
could holp themselves. Tho gnrdon
or was noticed to go very frequently
to tint cask, and hta mistress took tho
opportunity to Bpoak to him on tho
"John," sho said, "I think you get
thirsty very often."
"No, mum, I don't," replied John.
"Woll, John, I seo you very frequent
ly nt tho lomouado barrel."
"Yes, mum, that's what keops me
from gottin' thirsty."
Time Has Made a Difference.
"Tho Inst timo I saw Sylvia Pank
hurst boforo tho war," writes a Lon
don clubman, "sho was In tho arms of
a policeman, being carried off to tho
Vino Stroot stntlon, followed by scores
of militants shrloktng that woman
would nover bo slaves. I saw her a
few nights ago down near Poplar, way,
where she was presiding over a two
ponny restaurant whore splondld din
nors of hot stow, potatoes and fruit
pudding with bread, butter and tea
wero served to distressed East End
ors. In addition tho sulTragottos havo
organized ,puro milk depots for tho
babies, and an employment bureau
for glrlB and women."
mil I seo tho herring catch of Eng
land last year oxeccdod by far that of
any provlous season.
Jill Thoy probably wanted to got
In out of tho wet boforo tho submarine
Of courso thoro Is moro than ono
good reason why tho match-making
mamma should bo called Mater.
A genius may nntlclpato his famo,
but only a fool would anticipate his
Thero's many a kick concealed in
an insulnted olectrlc wiro.
a Reason" for
IN ALL OUR
There Is Hardly A Woman
Who Does Not Rely Upon
Lydia E. Pinkham's Veg
Princeton, 111. "I had inflammation,
hard headaches in tho back of my neck
and a weakness all
caused by fomalo
trouble, and I took
Lydia E. Pinkham'a
pound with such ex
cellent results that I
am now fooling fine.
I recommend the
,7 Compoundand praise
v it to all. iBhallbo
glad to havo you
publish my letter.
Thoro is scarcely a neighbor around ma
who does not use your medicine. "Mrs.
J. P. Johnson, R. No. 4, Box 30, Prince
Experience of a Nurse.
Poland,N.Y. "In my experience as a
nurso I certainly think Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetablo Compound is a great
medicine I wish all women with fe
male troubles would tako it I took it
when passing through tho Chango of
Life with great results and I always re
commend tho Compound to all my pa
tients if I know of their condition in
timo. I will gladly do all I can to help
others to know of this great medicino."
Mrs. Horace NewmAn, Poland, Her
kimer Co., N. Y.
If you uro ill do not drag along until
an operation is necessary, but at once
tako Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable
If you want special ndvlco wrl to
Lydia 13. Pinklinm Mod(clno Co.,
(confidential) Lynn, Mass.
W. N. U., OMAHA? NO. 37-1915.
vrn i i
In Time of Due Prepare for Drought
Brother Casslus Cautious Kush camo
forward to bo baptized at tho colored
campmoeting. Tho parson was tlrod
of baptizing Brother Casslua and said:
"Waffoh you always como forward
to bo baptized Into tho fold? You
dono boon baptized 17 times. I'so bap
tlzod you my own solf ovory fall olnca
tho big woods burned and Marso Hon
oycutt died f'om obor-exertlu' hlsself.
Ain't dnt do truf?"
"Amen," said Casslus.
"How many times you-all expect to
bo baptized, dat's what I ax yo?" S
"I reckon," replied Casslus Cautious
Kush, "I'll bo baptized ovory year.
Do oftoncr I gets dis mortal clay
soaked down, do safer I'll bo from
sparks on dat groat day whon do world
am all on flro. Hallelujah!" Judgo.
One Commandment Broken.
Bridget Tho now neighbors want to
cut tholr grass, mum, and thoy sont
ovor to ask tho loan of your lawn
mower. Mistress Lend them our lawnmow
or to cut grass on tho Sabbath! Cer
tainly not! Toll thorn, Bridget, that
wo haven't ono. Boston Transcript
Where the Vacuum Was.
BUI Ho's got a now Idea for a vac
Jill Whoro'd ho got it?
"Out of hB head."
' The Signs.
"Tho follow yondor Is a gunman."
"How can you tell?"
"By his bullot head."
Grape - Nuts
sold by Grocers everywhere.
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