The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, June 08, 1915, Image 3
THE SEMI-WFEKLY TRIBUNE NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA, WA5fllN(jipW ADVANTAGE OF SPRAYING IN ORCHARDS G1AD WAT THE PRESIDENT (5 come TO oo j Making Iron Sulphate and Filling Sprayer Tank. When it costs less than ten cents a tree to spray an apple orchard, tho wonder is that moro arc not sprayed; particularly tho wonder grows when It Is a proved fact that tho crop is in- :reased from GO to 300 per cent by Intelligent spraying. The cost of spraying is not easy to iscertain, or to make a general aver age, because of the varying conditions Twig From an Elberta Peach Tree Sprayed With a Sulphur Spray Healthy. in the orchard sprayed. An orchard- ist, who is supplied with all the mod era machinery, and who has a large number of trees, can naturally spray his trees at a smaller cost pei tree than the man who is handicapped by -lack of equipment in a smaller or shard. Tho effectiveness of spraying is the great thing. If it is well done, the resuItB will be certain, but if poorly done, they will bo uncertain. It will not do to spray half the buds, or three-quarters, or even nine-tenths, and leavo any portion unsprayed, if perfect success is to be attained. The codling moth, which probably does moro harm to apple orchards than any other insect, is hard to reach, and the greatest care must be taken to apply the spray at exactly tho right time to put him out of business. This insect varies somewhat in its work, and it may bo that for two or three seasons in succession damages from it will not be large, but this period of relief may be succeeded by one in which the damage caused by ibis -Insect is tremendous. Tho whole secret of successful .spraying is to get the poison in the TIaco where tho worms will naturally go to eat it. If that is done, the career of the worm Is ended, but if tho poison is applied to other parts of the tree, and the favorite hiding places of tho worm are n6t sprayed, it will go on eating its way into tho heart of Iho apple, and the work of spraying will be lost. If wo examine a young apple when it is first forming it will be seen that there is a little hollow called tho his first meal; but If' tho poison ha not reached the Inside of tho little cup, tho worm will go on destroying tho apple. If the sprayer waits until tho little lobes close over the calyx cup, natur ally the poison cannot get insldo, and this Id tho point of the whole matter, It is necessary to spray before the cup closes. It has been demonstrated over and over again that whero perfect spray ing was done from 92 to 95 per cent of all the first brood of tho codling- moth were killed. Also, this kind of spraying deBtroyB some of the remain ing ones afterward, thus practically preventing a second brood. In order to get the poison into the little calyx cup It is necessary to in ject it with considerable force, be- causo the stamen bars are thick and tolerably stout, and form a solid rool over tho cup. If the spray is put on as a mist, it lodges on the outside, and if thrown up into the air to come down in fall ing drops, it will strike this little roof and roll off. Here's where the spray nozzle comes in. This instru mont sends a driving spray of line' drops live or six feet before it breaks up into a mist, and the nozzle must be held within a foot or two of the blossom in order that the spray can penetrate to tho very bottom of th cup. To do this thoroughly, it is neces sary to point the nozzle straight into every blossom on the tree, and to do White House Gardeners Heave Sighs of Relief SIIINGTON. Somo of the gardeners connocted with tho propagating gardens, near tho old bureau of engraving and printing building, have been heaving sighs of relief over the semiofficial news at the White House which has had to do with tho prcsl dent's plans for tho summor, tho un dorstandlng bolng that President Wll Bon Is likely to remain at tho White House for most of the heated term, although the woman members of hit family aro expected to go to tho sum mer Whlto Houbo at Cornish, N. 11 From tho propagating gardent aro supplied tho flowers for th Whlto House tables, corridors and decorations of that character foi friends of tho family. This is in be tween seasons with gardeners, when they plan to get ready for noxt year This is particularly truo of roses. Not knowing whether tho president and tho mombers of his family have intended to remain nt tho White House fo: a part of tho summer, and unaware of whothor a large quantity of cut llowon would bo needed for tho Whlto House throughout tho summer, the gardener! had not dared to take up their established plants. Tho White Houbo dopends very largoly upon tho propagating gardens fot cut flowers, and when there was once a discussion of taking away from th Monument grounds tho propagating greenhouses, near the bureau of on graving and printing, President Roosovolt put a stop to tho plan for tho time being by demanding to know: "Where nm I going to got my roses?" Washingtonians who wero frequent dinner guests at tho White Houbo in former administrations have always been grateful to Mrs. Roosevelt foi doing away with tho superfluity of flowors at formal dinners and othoi functions there. It was tho custom, ono woman was recalling tho other day, to bank all tho mantels, mural tables, and even the window niches and othci spaces that could be filled in, with masses of cut flowers and tropical plants Mrs. Roosevelt inaugurated a more simple stylo of table decoration and ol having vases set here and there with graceful clusters in thorn. Postage Stamps Shown in the National Museum, NB of the finest museum collections of postage stamps in tho world Is owned by the United States government. Tho public is now, for the first time, given tho prlvilego of viewing thoso stamps in tabulated and orderly form. Their arrangement in brand new mahogany cases of most mod- orn construction has been completed by Joseph 13. Leavy, the government philatelist, and they now form a per manent exhibit of the division of his tory of tho national museum. This $200,000 collection is In stalled In tho southwest corner of tho old building of the museum in tho finest equipment of Its kind in tho world. The foreign countries aro ar ranged In alphabetical order, and whero there aro colonies or possession! tncy are displayed in alphabetical ordor directly after the mother country 1b geographical sequence. This collection is by no means complete; oven from tho United State! issues a few of. the stamps aro missing. But even so, tho history of the growth of the United States post ofllco Is practically reviewed as one oxamlnoi tho collection. Tho oldest specimens aro those of the city issues of 1845 th lirst postmasters provisionals In this country. Thoso wero issued fivo yeuri after the birth of stamps In Great Britain. Tho dates bring tho fact startling ly to mind that postage stamps have only been In use a little more than flftj years. The first government Issues camo out In 1847. Ono of the gems of tho collection Is tho display of 30-ccnt stamps ol 18G9 with Inverted medallions. Tho 30-cent stamp is tho rarest square o! paper in tho entire collection and is worth $1,500. ItwmwmpB VJH1Z I Twig From Elberta Peach Tree Un- sorayed Attacked by Peach-Leaf Curl In a Short Time Both Leaves and Blossoms Fall. calyx cup. This is covered over by the circle of stamens, and this, in turn, will bo covered over soon after tho llttlo apple forms by tho live Uttlo green lobes, which gradually close and form the perfect roof over the cup beneath. The codling-moth lays its eggs on ;ho leaves sun jundlng tho clusters of llttlo apples. The worms do not hatch Dut until several weeks after tho llttlo applo forms, but as soon as they aro out they hustlo for a hiding place, and they find this In the blossom ond of tho apple. They crawl down between tho llttlo lobos through tho stamens, to tho vary bottom of tho calyx cup; and thero, socuro from molestation, they proceed to eat their way Into tho tondar seeds. Now It follows that if tho sprayer has dono n good Job and Injected tho poison down to tho bottom of tho cup, Mr. C Moth will meet his death with Grape Root Worm: a, Adult or Beetle; b, Eggs on Cane About Natural Size; c, Eggs Enlarged; d, Full Grown Larvae; e, Pupa; f, g, Roots of Grape Showing Injury of Larvae; h, Grape Leaf Showing Characteristic Chain like Feeding Marks Made by Bee tles. this the sprayer must stand on a platform high enough to reach into tho blossoms, and he must then get down low enough so that ho can reach those blossoms which point downward. Most of these blossoms that point downward may be reached from tho under sido by turning tho nozzle under them and directing the spray upward. The top of the spraying tower should bo Just high enouph so that a man's head will como just about to tho level of the tops of tho trees. This tower may bo placed on a wagon and drawn from tree to tree. A barrel pump, operated by a man with a good muscle, will do the busi ness thoroughly, and the twoor three hours necessary to spray a good-sized orchard, even when repeated threo times during the growing season, is time that will bring Ub reward from four to tenfold. In somo cases very good results have been obtained by a single appli cation, but perfect results cannot be had unless the first Bpraylng 1b fol lowed up, not only during tho first season, but for every season. In spraying peach treeB to provent rot and leaf-curl, the spray should bo applied just before tho leaf buds open. Tho foliage of peach trees is delicate and easily Injured and, therefore, if bordoaux is applied, it should bo re duced to one-half strength. If bordeaux is used when tho fruit is about ripe, tho peaches will be discolored. Many orchurdlsts uso tho colorless solution of coppor carbonate at this time, but it doea not have as good effect as tho bordeaux. In spraying for codling-moth, or other insects, whero arsenate of lead is used, caro must bo taken that tho mixturo be not too strong and that It bo not applied on very hot, dry days, a3 it undoubtedly injureo tho trees under these conditions. In some In stances spray applied at such seasons Injures the foliage and causes it to dron. ! UATIIO ii iu MI1UIRLLI WICKED rA. WICKED Our Telephone Policy To give the best telephone service that American brains can produce; to charge the lowest rates consis tent with prompt and dependable service; to treat everyone courteously, and to merit a reputation for integrity, efficiency and decency. To instill these principles in the minds of every one of our employees, and to have our employees proud of the Company, proud to serve it and its patrons and jealous of their own and the Company' good name. NEBRASKA TELEPHONE COMPANY BELL SYSTEM And a llttlo man aches just as hard as a big one does. Drink Dcnlson's Coffee. Alwnys puro and delicious. Strictly Up to Date. "How old is your baby brother, llt tlo girl?" "He'B a this ycar'B modol." Swift Heredity. "I have tho blood of many fighting men running in my veins." "Yes, nnd I bet it runs all the faster whon It smells powder." Unfair Advantage. "Don't you ever lot mo catch you kissing my daughter again, sir!" thun dered the Irato father. "You' won't Blr," answorod tho quak ing youth. "You wouldn't hnvo caught mo this tlmo if you hadn't been wear ing rubber heels." A woman's conscience ia almost M elastic as her tongue. Red Cross Ball Blue, made In America, therefore the beat, dehghta the houttewife. All good grocer. Adv. Same Thing. "He's a duck of a boy." "Yes, no's game." Baltimore American. The Resemblance. "Oculists aro like poets in ono way.1 "What's that?" "They Hvo on their eyo-doals." both, Differentiation. Small Boy You havo tobo don't you, Mls3 Oldglrl? Ancient Family Friend What are you talking about, Willie? Both what? Small Boy Why, ma says you're no chicken and pa says you'ro an old hen. 5s Dp. Carroll Fox Is Uncle Sam's Expert on Fleas DK. CARROLL FOX of tho United States public health service knows prac tlcally all there is to know about fleas. Ho has a full undnrntnnillni' m fleas' habits and characteristics and is almost ablo to catch tho flea point of view. A flea Is not always tho romp Ing, carefrco Individual he appears t be. Many fleas are temporamontallj wicked a great deal moro wicked than an elephant for oxamplo, ever, though considerably smaller than ar elephant in stature. A flea will move into a community that has nevei given It tho slightest motive for ro vengo and begin to plot against it spreading disease by means of gcrmt that It carries about on Its person germs even smaller than itself. Thai Is one of tho wicked caprices of many an Innocent appearing flea. It Is bo cause of these sinister traits that Doctor Fox of tho health service has fount.' it advisable to make fleas a llfo work. A person who knows Just what line of germs n given flea carries in stock Is naturally ablo to tell Just how fai one should go in shuhning the society of that particular flea. Tho whole proposition is simply a matter of dally routine with Fox. Ho has llttlo II any moro regard for tho average flea, personally, than you or I have. Ho If a serious-minded scientist. Now, being a serious minded scientist, Fox Is not given to cracking Joke? -particularly not about fleas. Yet, a while ago when Fox mado tho acquaint anco of an entirely new genus of fleas, he gave the genus a name that Is nol untlnged with a certain suggestion of humor. The flea wns discovered In the dark Interior of Africa. Fox has named it the Rooseveltiella! Somebody asked him how he happened to pick the name of Rooseveltiella for the now brand of flea. "Well," Fox replied, In substance, "Theodore Roosovolt did a lot of valu able work In the same locality whero the flea was discovered and it seemed rather fitting that it should Ik- named after him." Moving Picture Machines Bought for the Army rllB war department, through the olllco of Quartermaster General Aleshlro has let a contract for fiU moving picture machines for tho use of the army This means tho war department has set out on a new plan whereby Uncle Sam will endeavor to furnish amuse ment and instruction for his soldiers. A moving picture machine will be Bent to the chaplain of each post and each locality where troops are stationed. . Not only will each garrison hnvo tho use of a machine, but machines will bo provided for troops In tho field, in tho Jurgc field camps, and at places like Texas City and Galveston, where largo bodies aro assembled for possible use In Mexico. Army officers are convinced the moving plcturo mnchlno will be well worth the-money In thnt it will provide amusement, ontertalnmnnt, and also instruction for soldiers. It will tend to make tho soldiers better satisfied and to reduce desertions. Also It will tend to keop soldlerB In camp nt night. Thero Ib a constantly increasing demand on the part of medical officers ol tho army for films which may bo used In moving plcturo machines as an aid In lectures at army posts and camps in emphasizing tho necessity of the enforcement of sanitary measures and of personal habits which shall bo conducive to individual health. Sometime ngo an effort was mado at Fort Totten to develop a film which would Illustrate tho protective value oi typhoid Immunization, but tho results wero not entirely successful, and thoso who had arranged lor the pictorial development of a demonstration wore not mtlsfied with the results of their labors More Words Followed "I'm n woman of my word," Bald Mrs. Prebscomb, with an air of finality. "Indeed you are, my dear," said Mr. Prebscomb. "When I go out I don't como homo ahd tell an Improbable yarn about whero I've bcon." "No, you don't, my dear," replied Mr. Prebscomb mildly, "but that may be duo to tho fact that I havo novor had sufficient courage to ask you whero you havo been." A Vegetable Raiser. Bacon It Is cstimatod that 93 per cent of tho ocean floor is entirely de void of vogotation. Egbert Well, I never heard that Noptuno had any ropuatatlou as a, gardener. Subtleties of Expression. "Music expresses moro than Ian guago can convoy," remarked tho en thusiast. '.'That's right," responded tho ordi nary person. "I can whlstlo a lot of tunes whoso names' I couldn't pos sibly learn to pronounce" A Regular Excuse. "Does your husband carry much life insuranco?" "I don't know tho exact amount, but It's Just enough oo that whonovor I want a now gown or hat ha always manages to havo a premium to moot." Detroit Free Press. Incidental Advertising. "I suppobo you think that It you abandon your old party you will deal It the finishing blow?" "Not necessarily," answored Sena tor Sorghum. "My leaving It may help it a llttlo by calling attention to the fact that It still exists." The Empty Bowl Tells the Story The highest compliment you can pay a housewife is to eat heartily of the food that she places before you, It proves the merit of her cooking. Thousands every morning receive complete satis faction, and enjoy to the last flake their bowl of Post Toasties These daily compliments encouraged tho con tinued bettering of these Superior Corn Flakes. Tha result was an improved Post Toasties crisper and better than ever. Only the inner sweet meats of choicest "Indian Corn are used in making Post Toasties- These meaty bits of nourishment are cooked, rolled wafer thin, seasoned "just right" and toasted to an appetizing golden-brown. ' ,t .The flakes come to you in dust-proof, germ-proof wax wrappers ready to servo direct from the package crisp, fresn and delicious as when they leavo the big ovens. Post Toasties tho Superior Corn Flakes Sold by Grocers everywhere.