The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, May 07, 1915, Image 3
MAKE MONEY GROWING Blackberries Respond (By M. N. EDOEUTON.) It Is not within the province of this arttclo to Impart to tho reader ability to get monoy by engaging In the cul ture of Bmall fruits. It Is not within tho power of any person to impart to nnothor ability of whatever kind. Tho ability to meet the condition which bring success must bo Inherent. This being true, our purpose, then, in discussing this question, la tho elu cidation of tho principles underlying, and operations connected with tho business of growing small fruits, and tho creating of an Interest and enthusi asm In and for the occupation and work. To make monoy growing small fruits, maximum crops must bo grown with minimum effort. To bo able to do this ouo must possess a natural aptitude for the business and work, that Is to say, one must have a love for nature and also bo filled with in tenso Interest and enthusiasm which creates the necessary Incentive One may bo qualified to deal with tho problems and work connected with general farming, and still como Bhort of that required lu small fruit grow ing. Thero are certain laws now more or less understood which must bo con formed to, in our operations connected with soli and plant culture, If wo aro to obtain maximum rewards for labor bestowed. Now it may appear to tho casual and uninformed observer, that husbandry is a simple occupation requiring little or no education or skill, when In fact, the business has to do with most in tricate and wondorful processes in both soil and plant life; and whllo It may bo possible to win a degree of success without a knowledge of these processes and of tho laws governing these life forces In nature, much more Harvesting tho certain and substantial success and moro uniform results may be had through the possession of this knowl edge. The occupation of fruit crowing Is a more complicated business even than general farming, for there is a greater number of problems to master. Tho sun shines and rain falls on all alike. This statement Is to bo taken in a general way. Certain sections of this country havo scant rainfall, whllo other sec tions havo plenty and to spare. Sec tions of the country may pass through a sovcro and protracted drought ono season and bo subject to tho other ox trome tho next, but such conditions aro controlled by fixed laws of nature and have nothing whatever to do with chanco or luck. Now, conditions in tho laws of na turo which determlno preclpltntidn may vary with the seasonal changes, but thoso lawB which determlno soil production never. If a certain soil responds mpro lib erally to our efforts than another, thero must bo somo causo for this dif ference In productivity, and tho causo will usually bo found under tho con trol of human agencies. If a pleco of land Is low and sub ject to flooding, then it must bo drained to place It on an equal foot ing with land having natural drainage THE SMALL FRUITS to Good Cultivation. If tho soil Is In a condition of acid ity (sour), mado so by standing water, or because of conditions brought about by wrong handling, then theso abnor mal conditions must be corrected It uniformity in maximum results Is tho end sought. For upon congcninllty In soil condi tions dopbnds activity in soil llfo, which In turn determines tho dogreo of productiveness In soils. Some localities because of their situ ation, aro much subject to lato spring frosts. Tho growing of strawbqrrles, under such conditions is a precarious business. It Is folly to expect uniform maxi mum results where natural conditions aro so advorso to their successful cul ture. If one wishes to mako a success, and mako good money growing small fruits, tho first thing that should bo done Is to mako a close study of those problems of local atmospheric condi tions and climatic changes and of tho laws determining soil activities, and then npply tho knowledge thus ac quired to the caso In hand. Because of air drainage thus afford ed, higher lying lands Bhould bo given tho preference Proximity to bodies of water mitigates tho evils resulting from frost, preventing, often, tho low erlng of the temperature to the frost point. Tho question of soil activities Is' a much more Intricate and complicated problem. Activity in soil life Is In fluenced and determined largely by the following named agencies and factors: Soil drainage, soil aeration, humus content, and tillage. Without going Into the details, we can only say that in order to givo best results a soil should bo sufficiently drained, either becauso of Its composition and situa tion, or through tilling and surface drains, so that no water will stand on Currant Crop. its surface, or remain in tho first 8 or 10 Inches of soil more than a few hours after rains havo ceased. Soil aeration Is promoted by effi cient tillage, both preparation and maintenance, which creates and main tains a loose, friable condition of soil, permitting tho circulation of air among soil grains, also by good drain age, for tho presence of standing wa ter (not soil moisture), In a soil ex cludes all air. Proximity to markots cuts quito a figure in determining profits. Ono needs to mako a special study of tho market problem. Tho nearer the market tho less car riage, and less marketman's profits. A prlvato delivery trado may often bo worked up and followed to good ad vantago. Customers should bo charged tho full market prlco, else tho grower might better sell wholesale. Superior quality and freshness In product Bhould bo tho inducement of fered tho consumer, not cheaper prices. I sco no reason why sklllfulnoss In fruit growing Is not Justly entitled to remuneration equal to a like degreo of skill applied in any other pursuit. Anyhow, I am suro that results so cured In small fruit growing will al ways bo remunerative In proportion as knowledgo is skillfully applied toward the end sought. VIORE ATTENTION TO BRIDGES Greatest Menace to Tractor Which Could Be Put to More Use on Many of the Small Farms. Wo will nover bo able to readily mako much use of tho gas or steam' tractor on tho farms until wo mako up our minds to pay more attention to our roads and bridges. Especially tho budges. Thoy nro tho greatest mon anco to tho tractor and tho tractor's driver, and thero has been little Im provement In tho typo of bridges slnco tho onglno was put to work on tho farms, writes William B. Roso of Iowa in Farm Progress. It Is rather straugo that wo aro will ing to uso the traction engine to pull our road plows and our road gradors and still refuso to build bridges and culverts strong enough to allow the same englno to pass in safety when pulling a threshing outfit or a train of farm wagons. But It is tho truth, nev ertheless. In Bplto of all the possibilities of tho tractor, or tho old-fashioned traction engine, a lot of peoplo look upon It an nn ugly contraption that ruins road surfaces, smashes culverts, breaks down bridges, scares horses and sets fire to meadows and rail fences. It Is altogether wrong. Wo could mako splendid uso of tho tractor on any and all farms of more than eighty acres. Somo day wo will mako theso engines do much of tho work, tho heavy hauling done by horso teams, and wo will save monoy by so doing. But that tlmo will not como until we have better roads. And that cannot comes to pass until wo get a better su pervision of road building than wo havo at present. In many states, tho traction driver who crosses a brldgo takes a chanco not only of Injury to himself and his expensive engine, but also assumes the' liability of having to repair tho brldgo If ho breaks it down. Such laws dis courage tho uso of tractors as much an thoy do better road building. Tho bridges aro tho worst feature of tbls condition. Tho tractor has a right to uso tho public highways. It-has Just aa much right to tho public road as the heavy automobile, tho overloaded farm wag on or any other heavy conveyance. Tho men who build such engines and the men who would like to own and uso them should insist that these ma chines bo given that right. No ono dreams of forcing tho automobile off tho public highways now, and tho over loaded farm wagon has used tho public 'W ill ti. .4- V' Ute Pacs on Pike's Peak, Ocean to Ocean Highway, roads slnco they wero tho merest trails. Tho heavy wheels and tho weight of a tractor help pack tho highways and mako them more durable. Tho big wheels compact tho road surface, and this Is ono reason why tho tractor la so efficient ns a road grader and build er. With good bridges and solidly built culverts thero will bo no trouble with tho usual type of tractor, whether gas or steam. Wo aro going to havo to pay moro attention to tho kind of work contrac tors do on our steel and concrete bridges and wo will bo forced to see that tho original specifications mako allowanco for tho weight of tractors. Change to Broad Tires. A wagon can bo changed from nar row tires to broad tires at a vory small cost Don't wait for a law to forco this upon you. Do It for tho sake of tho roads, for tho sake of your tax money which maintains good roads. Encourage Travel. Good roads will encourage tho coun try folks to como to town, and will bring tho city folks out in tho country for fresh air. Good Roads Advocates. It is gratifying to observe that ev ery owner of an automobile immedi ately becomes an advocate of good roads. . Having Hard Rocd. Good roado appear to bo having a " ; hard road. Torturing Twinges Much so-callod rheumatism Is caused by weakened kidneys. Whou tho kidneys fall to clear tho blood of uric acid, tho acid forms Into crystals, like bits of broken glass in tho muscles, Joints and on tho ncrvo casings. Doan'd Kidney Pills havo cased thousands of rheumatic cases, lumbago, sciatica, gravel, neuralgia and urinary disorders. A Nebraska Caso B. J. Lnmmors, 1630 n St.. Lincoln, Neb., says: "My back bothered ma all tho tlmo and It hurt bo I could hardly stoop. My feet swelled and my kidneys acted too ofton, especial ly nt night. Donn's 1C I d n o y Pills strengthened my kidneys and a cou ples ot boxos re lieved tho natns and fixed mo up all right.1 Ct Doan' at Any Stor. SOe a Box DOAN'S WAV FOSTEIUMILBURN CO- BUFFALO, N. Y. Selfish Automoblllst. In an nrgument about world politics welt polltlk Senator Lodgo said tho other day In Boston: "Tho morality of too many govern ments seems as frankly selfish and ns frankly unjust ns tho man Smithors. "As Smithors, Havana in mouth, came out of an oxpenslvo restaurant and started to get Into his automobllo a creditor hold him up. "'I tell you what it is, Mr. Smith ers,' said tho creditor, 'you wouldn't go riding round In a fine automobllo like that If you paid your debts.' "'Ha,' said Smltjiers, 'quito right! My point ot view exactly! Glad to know you'ro In ngreemont with mo. Tho golf club, Alphonse.' " Rooms for Rent. Even collogo professors furnish some of the humor of school llfo. It was the registrar ot n largo university who, to an inquiry for a suite of "largo, light, airy rooms," answered: "Why, I don't Just recall any now; but I'vo got a lot of 'em In my head." And a flustered professor told a class of young ladles, "You may havo fifty minutes of the hour to tell mo what you 'know on tho subject, and 1 will tako the remnlnnlg ten and tell you what I know." Everything Higher. Tho Old Skipper Don't you como tollln' mo none of your cock an' bull yams about waves SO feet high. Why, I've been at sea, man an' boy, for nigh on fifty years, and I nover saw none higher than 40. The Young Sailor Ah, but seo 'ow things 'aye gono up slnco 'then! Punch. Tho1 lowly egg has tho best of man kind In ono respect; it can spread it self bettor after it Is broke. A fat stranger passed down tho street yeatcrday. "Who is tho dirigi ble?" Eph Wiley asked. A lot of sympathy is wasted on un der dogs and henpecked husbands. It Is hotter to hold your Job by work thar pull; but a pull will help Bomo "Buy the Goods Advises Hon. Geo. W. Perkins, Chairman of New York's Food Committee. And it's good advice!' Select the food that con tains the greatest nutrition for the least money, whether in ornately colored package or in a plain carton. The Grape-Nuts package isn't pretty no money is wasted upon ornament but it's air-tight and germ-proof, to protect the food and keep it in perfect condition. FOOD made of selected wheat and malted barley, is delicious, concentrated, easily digested, and contains, pound for pound, more nutrition than beef and costs less. Grape-Nuts food has a delicious, nut-like flavour that is relished by old and young. It contains no sugar added, but its delicate sweetness is due to natural con version of the starch of the grain into grape sugar by long, skilful baking. It comes all ready to eat with cream or good milk and it's mighty good! 'There's a Reason" lor Grape-Nuts sold by Grocers everywhere. JOKE WAS ON INVESTIGATOR He Had An Idea It Was on P8tau rnnt Proprietor, but It Turned Out Otherwise. Tho lato Norman B. Ream, tho or ganizer of tho steel trust and many other important corporations, onco snld to a Now York reporter about a trust Investigation: "Maybo theso Investigations will havo tho samo luck ns tho gamo warden. "A gamo warden honrd that a res taurant was serving n gnmo out of sea son. Ho disguised hlmsolf with n fnlso board, visited tho placo and ordered a pheasant. "Tho pheasant, dollcately high Hko roquofort cheese, ns well ns all good pheasant should bo, was served to tho gamo warden, and ho dovourod It to tho last morsel, at tho samo timq In flicting Bovoro punishment on a bottlo of rnro old Burgundy for tho Btnto, of courso, paid for all. "At tho end of his ropast tho gamo warden summoned tho proprietor and said: "'I arrest you, sir, In tho unmo ot thrf law!' "Tho proprietor's mouth opened In astonishment. Ho swallowed two or threo times, then ho gasped: "'Wh what for?'. " 'For Borvlng mo a phonsant out of season,' said tho gamo warden. "'A look ot relief nppearel on tho proprietor's faco. "'Oh,' ho said, 'that wasn't pheas ant. It was crow.' " Couldn't See Any Face, An old friend, whoso nnmo I won't mention, told mo this ono: "I was born und brought up on n farm, and 1 had tho hublt of going around with my mouth wldo open, especially If thero wns anything unusual going on. Ono day an undo whom I had not Been for years paid us a visit. "'Hullo, undo!' said I, looking up at him with my mouth oponcd Hko a bam door. "Ho looked nt mo for a moment without answering, and then Bald: '"Closo'your mouth, sonny, so 1 can bco who you aro.' " The Beady Vine. Singing was Just ovor in tho kinder garten, and Immediately a small hand flow up. . "What Ib It, Alice?" asked tho teach er. "I want to know what Ib a beady vino," asked tho llttlo girl timidly. "I always wonder what kind of n Vino It is when, wo Blng that song, 'Llttlo lives may beady vino' " (bo dlvlno). Cheaper Plan. "I Bee," said tho man who reads, "that to bring sleep to insomnia vic tims nn English woman has Invented an apparatus to flow water or medi cated liquids on tho forehead gently until tho desired result Is attained. What do you think of that, Pat?" "Sure, I think it would bo choaport turn tho hoso on 'om." Paradoxical Diet. "To what do you ascribe my poor digestion, doctor?" "To your rich food." Many a man Becks it Job as Janitor Bo that his wlfo can do most of tho work. ot the ape-Nuts YOUR APPETITE Your digestion your gen eral health will all be greatly benefited by the timely use of Hostetter's Stomach Bitters. It is compounded from abso lutelypureingredientsand those best known as real aids to the Stomach, Liver and Bowels. It exerts a general tonic effect and helps Nature promote health and strength in the entire digestive sys tem. Try a bottle today but be sure you get HOSTETTER'S Stomach Bitters Dogs In Warfare. Tho Belgian uso of sheep dogs to sock out tho wounded Ib a roturn to tho methods ot warfaro of an earlier day. In tho Scottish clan fouds, aa well as In English fights with Scot land, both Bides usod dogs for that purposo, though generally it was with tho idea ot killing them off when found. Unwounded fugitives, too, woro sought by tho dogs, and both Wallace and Bruco nro recorded to havo had narrow escapes from Eng lish bloodhounds. And in Elizabeth's reign flvo hundred hounds figured ns part of tho army sont to Bottlo an In surrection in Ireland. Then Was the Time. Dr. Wlnnlngton Ingram, tho bishop of London, is possessed of a somo what cynical wit. Ho was onco en gaged In conversation with a very bumptious man, who was boring him terribly. "What a lino llfo a bishop's muBt bo?" exclaimed tho boro, enthusiastically. "I would glvo anything to chango places with your lordship for Just ono hour to experienco what it must bo like." "Ah," replied Doctor Ingram, fer vently, "I wish you could this vory moment." Her Patience Wearing Out. Llttlo Lola had boon censured for Bomo mischief sho hnd boon engaged in. After thinking it ovor for aomo time Bho oxclnimed: "Oh, I do wish I had a bnby brothor!" "Why do you wish that?" '"Causo," she ropllod, "this thing of being scolded for ovorythlng that happens around this houso makes mo tired." In the Cloudland Flats. Harkor Do you lvo downtown? Parker No; twonty-threo stories up. Indianapolis Star. St. Louis has opened a now $2,000, 000 Washington univorsity group of medical buildings. , Riches havo wings, but thoy don't seem to havo any tall that you can put salt on. Package"