The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, January 08, 1915, Image 3
THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NE1RA8KA. f I. V k w l ir IS Rf 1.7 ; t 3) " A. 1 POISONOUS PUNTS WESTERN PREPARED DY THE US. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IOCQ WHEFZOCO, ORA27ZgH$& ACH year poisonous plants aro responsible for largo losses of livo stock on the western ranges. Al though there Is a large Hat of plants whose poisonous qualities might pos sibly do harm this an nual loss is almost entirely the work of a very limited number. If stockmnn, Indood, would learn to rocognlzc wlthobt fail half a dozen of the wore dangerous plants their stock would go through, the year practically un harmed. 'Many stockmen already pos seWthls knowledge, but it is also truo that'sthero are others who do not know what .plante to avoid or where these enemies are most likely to be found. Common names, such as "loco," "poi son weed" and "parsnip" are used In a very indefinite way. Of these plants the clcuta, or wnter hemlock (Fig. 1), is the only one that Is dangerous to man. It causes ex cessive frothing at the mouth, gnash ing of teeth,' pain and nausea which result in "Violent convulsions, and oven death-, It ig poisonous at any season but doe? most of its damage In the spring and early summer. For domes tic animals there .Is no remedy, but an emetic will frequently save man. It grows from three tor four feet in height with a white flower. The root is the poisonous portion of the plant. The locos aro porbaps'thp most com mon of all the more poisonous plants. There are many varieties, but tho one Illustrated In figure 2 Is one of the -worst. It affects horses, cattle and sheep, causing progressive emaciation which after a time varying from a few weeks to two or three years may bring about starvatfonfef 'the animal ceases ultimately either to cat qr to drink. NO NEED TO Thorough Cooking .of Uninspected Meat Will Render It .Safe From Foot-and-Mouth Infection. Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture. According to tho specialists of tho department of agriculture people, even in states quarantined for the foot-and-mouth disease, need havo no fear of eating meat, provided they cook It thoroughly. The foot-and-mouth dis ease is not easily communicated to human beings through food, although milk from a diseased cow might trans mit tho disease, to a hunian being. In tho case of milk, however, pasteuriza tion will render it entirely safe. Hu man beings who do get tho disease commonly get it from direct contact with a sick animal. It is wisest, there fore, for peoplo to keep away from all animals having tho disease, unless they aro properly provided with rub ber gloves, coats and boots, and these aro thoroughly disinfected after each Visit to tho animals. In tho caso of meat, as In tho case of milk, it must bo romombered that nil herds which actually show tho dis- caso aro quarantined, and neither milk nor meat from tho sick an)mals can bo sold. Sixty per cent of tho meat UBcd in this country is produced in nearly SfSbfc federally inspected 'slaughtering ' nnd packing establishments located in .v-240 cities. In these establishments no animal is slaughtered;until it has .(passed fijp ante-mortem inspection and also a mosi rigia posi-moriem inspec tion by a veterinarian at tho time of 'find holy writ on papyri Glasgow Unlvefijty Gets Priceless ManuccrlptaJOiBcovered by Ex- plorerSr(J Egypt. .) - It was. at Oxyrhlncus that tho fa- mous.now ."Sayings of Jesus" were re- c'imtly "found. Tho most important of v- tho 'papyri Is a fragment of tho fit- Vs-teontjl and sixteenth chapters of v , John's gospel, dating from tho end of 'the third century and substantially eou Arming the readings so largely RANGES r 1 LOP v I M " V 7a I mBt 1 1 f .. .. jLV I?, i nt I v viaB jl.4Eat.mFi -r .. J' I iv i, r w&m i- 'm sA'--! lkP M ' Lm IP -v 1 .riJilHKH'. 1 XSw a i- ii?lflPiV. 4n stir J l-fc-fcL. :f K .. W-W.y'. , I W WJ if VAa4A$3 $8r W JKm? "i r : i Mfmm w-.s 1 ff ' T&L'W ' XfW.'. iiW f' hs" M- iHiBK-SN, 1 vimi i MmiKl fyW J5ISS ZXRKSmR Good food, laxatives, strychnine for cattlo and Fowler's solution for horses aro recommended as remedies. All parts of the plant are poisonous. It is from six inches to a foot in height with flowers that vary from pure white to shades of purple and pink. The larkspur on the other hand af fects only cattle. There are two com mon varieties tho tall larkspur (Fig. 3) and the, low larkspur. Tho tall lark spur grows from three to seven feet in height and the low from six inches to one and one-half feet. The flowers of both are violet-blue and purple. All parts of the plant nro poisonous, but after it has blossomed the poisonous properties are lost. It is most to be feared, therefore, in spring and early summer. The first symptoms are re peated falling, accompanied by" such weakness that the animal 1b unable to rise for some time. When on its feet It staggers. Nausea and vomiting come later and death from respiratory paralysis is apt to be tho outcome. The affected animals should bo kept still with their heads up hill and hypo dermic Injections of cserlne and whisky administered. FEAR MEAT w- slaughter. After slaughter its meat cannot leavo the establishment until it has been carefully examined and stamped "U. S. Inspected and Passed." In all these establishments no animal showing any symptoms whatever of foot-and-mouth diseaso is allowed to go to slaughter, and no meat which, on post-mortem inspection, shows any sus picious symptoms of this complaint can be shipped out of tho establishment. All meat suspected of coming from an animal suffering with this complaint is sent, under government seal, to tho tanks to bo rendered into fertilizer. Tho federal inspection stamp on meat, therofore, means that it is entirely safe. Tho federal government, however, has no jurisdiction over local slaughter houses which do not ship meat outsldo of the state in which it is slaughtered, if, however, meat from such an animal did escape from ono of these local slaughter houses, which are purely un der state or municipal control, all dan ger of its communicating the diseaso to human beings would bo removed when It is thoroughly cooked and ster ilized. Those who are located near an infected region and wish to bo ab solutely certain of the Bafety of their moat should cook it thoroughly. Tho dlBeaso when contracted by adults is not at all a serious Illness. It commonly takes the form of slight fovcr sores in tho mouth and a slight eruption on tho fingers. In tho caso of small or sickly children, it may take a more serious form, especially if com plicated by other illnesses. adopted by tho Now Testament re visers. Tho fragment Is further of Impor tance as showing the outward form In which tho Now Testament writings wero first circulated. Their contents, it is known, wero written in parallel columns on rolls of papyrus In upright letters of a me dium size, and with no divisions be tween the words, and without punctu ation marks, while tho numorous la- cuno, or' breaks, caused by tho brittle nature of tho material, are themselves 7 OF THE '5 Sheep find the lupine particularly dangorous. This plant (Fig. 4) grows from Ono to two feet in height with flowerB of a light bluo or bluo-vlolet. All pods and seeds nre poisonous in tho lato summer or fall. Sheep suffer ing from lupine poisoning, show nerv ousness and weakness. They become unduly sleepy and Buffer from partial paralysis and are ultimately taken with convulsions which lead to death. The jygandenus, or death camas (Fig. 5) is also particularly dangerous to sheep, but it nffects horses and cat tle as well. All parts of tho plant aro poisonous but tho seed especially so. Frothing at the mouth, vomiting, trembling, with spasmodic gasping for breath are symptoms of this poison ing. It is not unusual for tho animal to lie for days beforo death relieves it. Tho color of the flower Is greenish yellow, the plant growing from four inches to ono nnd one-half feet In height. If stockmen will familiarize them sclveo with tho appcaranco of these plants and with tho symptoms thnt they cause it is believed that they can safeguard their herds from them without serious difficulty. Bulletins describing in detail some of tho plants nave already been Issued by tho United States department of agricul ture and will bo sent free on applica tion whljo tho department's supply lasts. The plants already described are thoso which It Is most necessary to avoid. Spider's Wonderful Web. The spider is so repulsive as to cause a shudder in thoso who look upon It, and It is of no uso in tho world except for destruction of flies and other detestable insects, all mak ing for a population that no army of splderB can exterminate. Tho house wife and all tho rest of mankind may execrate mo mes, but thoy would rather havo a million flies than ono spider; yet this infinitely disgusting creation of incomprehensible naturo produces a thread and with magical fa cility flings it into wonderful web forms which baffle all explanation of tho geometrician. Few of tho curiosities of tho myriad insect world are so marvelous as tho spinning of, tho apider and tho silk worm. Many attempts havo been made to utilize the spider for tho produc tion of silk,, but tho worm remains the almost absolute monopolist, though artificial silks are made from cotton and other material by an expensive treatment which nro claimed to bo equal to tho real article in luster and elasticity. Mineral Product of Washington. Tho value of tho mlnoral products of Washington, according to tho United States geological survey, in creased from $15,347,313 in 1912 to $17,678,743 In 1913. convincing evidence of tho ease with which errors In copying would arise during tho earliest period In the his tory of tho text. Tho second document, dating from tho fifth contury, Is an amulet or charm, probably worn around tho neck, as It was tightly folded up and tied with a string. May De Made Big Industry. In tho Philippines thb government Is making great effortB to improve tho quality of tobacco grown there. I -" !,&i' " l 1 3uvrey3'ir 1 FOR THE BUSY IN NEWS EPITOME THAT CAN SOON BE COMPASSED. MANY EVENTS ARE MENTIONED Home and Forelon Intelligence Con densed Into Two and Four Line Paragraphs. WAR NEWS. Tho first shipment of cotton from tho United States bound for Germany sinco the war began has reached Rot terdam. A report from Fredrichshafen by way of Geneva suys that In tho roccnt Drltish aerinl raid on Cuxhavcn ono of tho latest super-Zoppollns was de stroyed by bombs. Tho loss of tho French submnriuo Curie is confirmed. Tho Curio wns engaged in an attempt against tho warships at tho Austrian naval baso of Pola and ventured there alono. Tho Belgian borders have boon closed by tho German administration to all persons except those holding Bpeclal military passes. This mensuro, It Is understood, hns been taken to prevent csplonago. Four German neroplanes flow sever al times over tho city 'of Dunkirk, dropping bombs as thoy wont. Sol diers in tho streets fired on tho ma chines and ono tube seemed to bo hit, but all got safely away. Italy lias ordered tho crulsor Cala bria at Beirut, Syria, to render any necessary aid to tho American Crulsor Nortli Carolina should thero bo furthor demonstrations against tho departuro of Europeans from Turkish territory. Tho British government, through tho naval and military authorities, apparently fearing a raid over British towns by German 'airships, has issued a warning to the peoplo to take to cover should tho sound of firing bo heard. Tho Russian government has author, lzed tho official nows agency to de ny in the most categorical manner tho statement that Russia has ceded to Japan half the island of Sakhalan, in exchange for heavy artillery. It 1b as serted that Che report is absolutely un founded. Total lossos to Scandinavian ship ping through mine disasters wero as follows up to mid December: Sweden, eight ships and Blxty lives; Denmark, six vessels and ix lives; Norway, five vessels and six Uvea; Holland threo vessels and fifteen lives. Tho total, financial Ipsa for tho twenty two ships and their cargoes will roach nearly ?1Q,000,000. The United States has Invited tho South and Central America gov ernments to send representatives to Washington to confer with tho treas ury department officials and American financiers on financial and commer cial problems arising from tho Euro pean war, with tho idea of bringing tho two continents into closer com mercial relations. OENERAL. From 10 to 11 o'clock in tho morn ing nnd from 10 to 11 o'clock at night aro tho hours whon a boy or girl can do tho best work In school, according to Prof. Frank E. Lako of Boston, who spoko boforo tho Na tional Commercial Teachers' feder ation at Chicago, More than 1R0 prominent prelates of tho Catholic church throughout Minnesota, Wisconsin and North nnd South Dakota, paid honor to tho right Rev, James McGolrlck at a dinnor at tho Kltchi Gamml club at Duluth, in celebration of the twenty-fifth anni versary of his consecration to tho bishopric of Duluth. Republican leaders of Minnesota, seeking rehabilitation of tho party In this state, met at St. Paul and per fected an organization to ho known as the Republican league, elected tem porary officers, issued various plans for strengthening tho party, and de cided to hold a state convention not later than July 1, 1915. Tho Yaqul river in Southern Sono ra has gone on a rampage drowning Btock, washing away bridges, doBtroy ing crops, farming Improvements and Irrigation ditcheB. Tho inhabitants have sought safety in tho hills Seven persons wero killed nnd many othors Injured In a train colli sion recently on tho Orcat Eastern railway near Irford, flvo miles from London. Somo of the railroad cars wero reduced to spllntors. Tho vic tims of to accident aro" mostly city clerks. . Brigadier General Robert Henry Hall, retired veteran of tho civil and tho Spanish wars, died at Chicago. Ho was born In Dotjoit sovonty-sovon years ago. It is stated by Chicago charity peo plo that ono-tcnth of tho population of that city receives public charity. Mrs. Margnrtto Snyder of Rockford, III., wob sentenced to four years In tho penitentiary for conspiracy to de fraud tho cfltnto of John Robert of Tacoma. Her claim as granddaugh ter or Robert wns thrown out of court. Rules of conduct of amateur ath letes, tho violation of which will bo cousldorcd unsportsmanlike, ungentlo mnnly and dishonorable, wore recom mended by a special committee ift tho athlotlc resoarch soclotj in annual session at Chicago. Tho utilities buroau, througji which It is proposed that municipalities throughout tho country may co-oporta In exchanging data concerning rates, sorvlco standards and cost fnctorB In public utilities, was permanently or ganized nt Philadelphia. As a Now Year greeting to its 2,000 employes tho Twin City Rapid transit company of St Paul, Minn., an nounced that a pension plan provid ing retirement on practically half pay at the age tit G5 years, has boon adopted, together with plans for ac cident, sickness and denth benefits. "If the natlonnl government wishes tho various states to mnintnin a citi zen soldiery, It should furnish a great er incentive to tho young inon of tho country to become soldiers," Govor nor Dunno of Illinois said, in address ing tho officers of tho Illinois Na tional guard, who went to Springfield to pay tholr annual Now Year's call on tholr commander-in-chief, Tho sum of $2,430,000 was obtained for Wcllesloy collogo in tho fourteen months just ended, according to a statoment given out by tho treasurer, Lewis K. Morse, at Boston. Of tho amount, $430,000, including a condi tional pledgo of $200,000 from tho general educational board was raised boforo tho flro of March 17, 1914, when collogo hall was burned. Tho remntnlng $2,000,000 includes nplodge from tho Rockefeller foundation of $750,000. For tho second tlmo within a -week a robber was killed at St. Louis by tho storekeeper, whom ho tried to hold up. Tho dead man was identi fied as Charles Tozer, a pollco charac ter, 30 years old, Ho waB killed by Gcorgo Vasleoplous, a restaurant owner, vyhllo two accomplices wero at tempting to empty tho cash register. Tozer entered tho restaurant with leveled rovolvor and drovo tho owner and a patron Into tho kitchen. Thero Vnaleoplous seized his own rovolvor from a shelf and shot tho robber as ho ontored tho kitchen door, Tozer died In tho arms of a policeman at tracted by tho shot His accomplices escaped. WASHINGTON. Another warning wbb given by Ufo State department to AmoricanB con templating travel abroad that thoy must provide themselves with proper passports. The Interstate Commerce commis sion haB ordered a hearing to bo hold at Omaha on January 14 in tho case of Abel Roberts againBt tho Missouri Pacific Railroad company. -x American farms during 1914 eclipsed all records for combined valuo of tholr products, with a total of almost ton billion dollars, announced Secrotary Houston, of the department of agricul ture. Advancs of approximately 2 cents a hundred pounds in tho froight ratos on cement from all tho principal ce ment-producing points west of tho Mississippi rlvor In trunk lino terri tory, were sustained In part by tho interstate commerce commission. A bill to authonzo tho legislature of Hawaii to extend tho right of ouf frago to women was Introduced in tho houso by Delegate Kalanlanolo. Tho measure would permit tho legislature to submit tho question to a popular referendum. Nearly half a million dollars was spent by candidates of all parties last November In the first popular oloction of United States senatorB in the his tnrv of tho Kovornment, To bo oxact $400,777.25 represents the total of sworn statements filed with tho flee rotary of senatorial honors from thlr-ty-ono states. Woman Buffragists who called on Representative Henry, chairman of tho house rules commlttoo, learnod that tho proposed suffrage constitu tional amondment probably would bo voted on In tho houso January 12. Mr. Henry said ho expected to see the amendmont defeated by moro than a two-thirds vote. Venozuola has formally proposed to all tho neutral governments of Europe and Asia, aa well as tho two Ameri cas, that a conferonco bo hold in Wnshlngton to rovlso or supplement tho rules of International law respect ing tho rights of noutrals In tho pros- cnt war. Tho German government has noti fied tho Btato department that Ameri can consuls in Bolglum must bo nc ceptablo to tho Gormannnllltary au thorities, and that it is desirable that Borne of tho consuls bo withdrawn. FOOD LAW OBEYED REPORTS STATE FOOD COMMIS SIONER HARMAN. ""' FRAUD AND DECEPTION CEASED Nebraska Laws Are' Considered Far In Advance of Laws In Many Other States Lincoln. Stato Food Commissioner C. E. Hnrman says In his bionnal re port to Governor Morehend that the statp food, drug, dairy and oil commis sion of which ho Is tho head, has had plenty of fundB to onforco the laws and that tho laws aro now genorally obeyed. Mon In business bb well as tho public npprovo tho state laws. Tho greater portion of tho tlmo of inspec tors 1b now dovoted to tho proper san itary protection of food products in their manufacture, distribution and Balo. Adulteration and fraud and de ception hnro almost wholly ceased. Tho Nobraska laws aro considered far In advance of tho laws of many1 other states tuid other wtntea orton copy from them. Nebraska was among tho first states to placo a "not weight" law on Its statuto books. .Commissioner Hnrman makes fow recommendations. Ho will, however, have ono or two amendatory bills In troduced in the coming legislature Ho desires un amendment to bettor tho quality of cream produced In this state by having It Bold on a basis of quality Instead of a basis of quantity. Should Be Declared a Felony, In regard to proaecutlonB tho com mission says his inspectors filed 165 complaints in tho past two years and socurod Judgments In favor of the etalo In all but ono caso, and two cases are still pending. Commloslon for Belgian Relief. At a meotlng called by Governor Morehead about forty mayors of cltloa or tholr representatives mot In the executive olllceB and organized tho Nebraska Commission for Belgian Re. lief, J. E. Miller of Lincoln was elect-' od president of tho organization, Earl D. Malloy of, Alllanco, secretary. It Is. probablo that tho legislature will be asked to furnish only enough monoy for clerk hlro BUfllclont to run tho headquarters so that all donations mado njay go direct and In full to tholr destination. An oxecutlvo com mlttea will bo nppojntcd by tho presi dent and a proclamation issued to tho peoplo so that all doBlrlng to donate anything of valuo will know how to proceed. Travelers Invito Governor. Governor Morehead has received an invitation to speak at tho national mooting or tho travolere' protective association, an oganlzatlon which Ib to meet in Omalm Juno 14. Tho Invl tation was extended In porson by Gcorgo B, Begorow of Omaha of tho program committee. An ofTort will be mado to Induce Presldont Wilson to epenk at tho meeting. Q. A. R. Want $15,000 Appropriated. At tho recent sosslon of tho oxecut lvo officers of the Grand Army of tho Republic of Nebraska, It was decided to ask tho leglalaturo to appropriate $15,000 to bo applied on railroad faro for survlvorB of tho battle of Vlcks burg who may doslro to attend tho an nlversary of that battle. Number of Silos More Than Doubled. Tho number of silos In Boxbutto County was moro than doubled during tho past season following an excursion made by farmers and business mon. As tho result of tills event, five stave silos and nlno pit silos wero built. It Is reported, also, that several other farmers aro expecting to erect silos for next season's use. Alliance City of First Class. Alllanco is now a city of tho first class. Governor Morehead has Issued a proclamation declaring that as the population of Alllanco waB shown to bo over tho proscribed number of 5, 000, It wns entitled to .the honor of be ing placed In that category. Nebraska Corn Show. A complete program of tho winter corn show will soon bo 'distributed by Prof. P. Joslah Chaso, corn show su perintendent. The corn Bhow will be open to the public at the Lincoln audi torium during tho week of organized agriculture, January 18-23. Before Supreme Court. Validity of Omaha's ordinance, re quiring public service corporations to olevato their overhead wires when ever required to do bo by houso mov ers, Is to bo tried by tho supreme court. Wants Veterinarian In Cattle Region. Robert Graham of Alllanco callod on Govornor Morehead to ask that two veterinarians employed by the stato bo retained In tho cattle region of tho northwestorn "part of tho state whore tho scab oxlsts among cattle, Tho government has been doing much to orndlcato this parasitic diseaso, but tho region Is Btlll under quarantine. Tho governor said ho would try to Induce tho stato board of sanitary livestock commissioners to retain two inspectors thero ponding action by tho legislature.