The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, July 24, 1914, Image 6

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N THE early spring, wncn
cold .winds nro Btlll swooping
' over tho rlco Holds In Japan,
thoro Is an aspect of HfoloBs-
ness and desolation about thomf
le To tho Kuropcan oyoa accua-
toinoil to dry-cultivated soil, or
green grass moadows with feed
ing cattle In them, tho sight of
so much tnud and water In tho
landscape appears depressing,
and thero Is a great absence of
human habitations and people as well; but tho
character of tho crops under cultivation makes
it necessary that tho peasants should bo housed
In RottlemontB or vlllagos away from tho largo
wot areas given up to tho growing of rlco and
olhor crops.
Thoso' rlco areas nro divided up Into fields or
plotB of all shapes and sizes by small grass-grown
ildgos a few Inchos in height, and avoraglng
nbout a foot In breadth, thus enclosing tho soft
mud In which tho rlco Is planted. Tho prepara
tion of tlieso Holds In extremely arduous work,
involving much hoeing und careful construction
of tlieso mud dams, and it includes a wholo sys
tem of terracing, whereby the water nocosaary
for irrigation is led gradually down from field to
Held, for all high-class rlco requires flooding. Tho
little streams aud rivulets which provide tho
water for theso terraced hills and wldo valleys
tire very often shaded by bamboo plants, and
tlieso streams food tho ditches cut for water
cluinnelH; narrow tracks or footpaths aro also
mado through tho rlco fields. Hut if tlieso fields
look desolato at springtime, thero is no lack of
II To In thorn when tho planting season begins In
Juno, for then thoy nro filled with mon and
women busily engaged In transplanting tho young
rlco plants; and, fortunatoly for this Industry,
Japan possesses a largo supply of cheap labor
Tho soeds of tho rlco aro llrst thickly sown In tho
flinnll wet fields, or nursery beds, In tho early
nprlng (April), and when tho young plants havo
attained tho height of four Inches or thereabouts,
they aro very carefully transplanted to tho larger
fields, nt wldor intervals, In rows, and, as may bo
imagined, this 1h an oxcoodlngly laborious kind
of woik, When ono looks at tho Innumerable lit
tle plants In tho nursorlos, with their vivid green
uhoota and delicate-looking roota, tho removing
of thorn by hand to tho larger fields nnd planting
singly sooms an nlmoBt Impossible task, and with
Kuropcan labor It might bo bo; but tho peasantry
of Japan havo been accustamod to this tedious
method of agriculture through many centuries
nnd, from habit, it is taken as a mutter of courso,
aud the men and women, standing kneodeop In
tho mud and water nnd stooping over their toll
flotno work, spnro no pains In tho planting out of
tho young rlco in tho soft mud. Tho vnluo of tho
liarvopt Is probably In their minds as the reward
for all this labor.
Tho eastern agricultural luboror must bo seen
to bo fully realized, Japauoso backs nro mipplo!
but tho sight of so much stooping and bending
Is enough to innko a European feel tho pains of
lumbago In Ills back from tho more contempla
tlon or It.
When the rlco Is growing up then tho (lohla
iihow a very brilliant groen, and thoy nro kept
undor n fow Inches of' water nil tho tlmo tho
young crops nro growing, which Is only drained
away Just before tho harvesting of tho rlco. Tho
rico plant blooms curly In September, and tho
crops are reaped In October, and hung up to dry
on Bhort poles. Tho threshing Is dono with Halls
or heckles, a kind of comb. Various methods of
fertilization nro used by tho Japnnoso farmer,
Konio of thorn most unsavory to tho Kuropean
nose; In fact, tho "smells" that emanato from the
ground In tho agricultural districts in Japan often
destroy ono'B senso of appreciation of tholr line
cultivation uhou inspecting it closely, nnd tho
Japanese people must either havo less keen noseB
than ours or olso do not mind tho odors, for thoy
nppcnr in no way to affect them as thoy do our
iiolvcfl. If a Kuropcan tnkes n walk In tho rlco
fields, or "paddy fields," as ho calls them, during
the hot months ho is sure to get soveroly bitten
by mosquitoes, and for Europeans living near tho
rlco areas tlieso pests are a groat trial during
the summer.
Some Europeans havo Btated that Japan pro-
fe wnmohmtQ ' Mce
duceB two crops of rlco
yearly, but this is ah er
roneous ideu, speuklng
genorally. Tho winter pre
vents tho growing of more
than ono crop yearly, but
thoro Is a part or Japan
that does produce two
crops, viz., tho Tosa prov
ince, in ono of tho south
ern Islands, but this is
owing to tho dlffcrenco of
cllmnto thoro, caused by
tho Kuroshlo, or "black
current." which, flowing
northward from tho direc
tion of Formosn and tho
Phllipplno Islands, wnrmu
tho southern and southeastern coasts of Japan,
very much tho same way us tho Gulf stream
warms the coasts of western Europe; and partly
on account of hor position geographically, with
her long stretch of country from north to south,
and the iniluenco of winds and oconn currents,
Japan has n largo variety of temperature through
out tho whole empire.
Hlco is very largely grown In tho southern Is
lands ns well as In the southorn part of the main
island, whoro one bops very extensive rlco floldB,
but not tn tho north. There is a kind of dry
rlco grown, but this is not of good quality.
Tho rlco grown in Japan is reckoned among
tho boBt In tho world, nnd sho takes third placo
among tho rlco-producing countries, nnd exports
very largo quantities. Sho Imports rlco as well,
and this may sound slrango In n rice-growing
country; but tho quality of hor homo-grown rice
bolng so vory flno, sho exports all bIio can and
Imports cheaper rlco for her home consumption
from Korea and China and India that is of In
ferior quality to hor own; but mixed with Jnpan
cso rlco It Is used freoly among the poorer
Classen, Although It 1b the staplo food, other
kinds of grain nro used as well millet, barley
and wheat are cultivated, und havo been grown
for food dining past centuries In the country.
Crops of theso uro grown during tho time when
tho rlco Holds lio fallow Two kinds of potatoes
nro grown as woll for consumption
Hitherto tho lice consumers in Jnpan have
boon mostly tho peoplo living In tho towns, tho
poasantry looking upon It ns somowhat of a lux
ury. Hut tho clntsoB of coiiBiimors havo been
widening out nnd tho standard of living Is grow
ing higher in Jnpan, nnd moro rlco Is bolng con
sumed in tho country than formorly, and this.
In addition to tho fact that tho population is
rapidly Increasing, moans that tho question of
tho production of tho food supplies In tho coun
tiy In tho futuro Is ono that has to bo seriously
considered, nnd for thoso reasons tho .Tapancso
government has consldoied tho question of tho
increasing demnnd for food supply ver;1 enre
1 fully
Mnny years ago tho Institutes for agricultural
experiments wore established, and thoso aro do
ing tholr work woll. Much has boon carried out
for tho rearrangement of tho farm Holds, In tho
partitions, nnd In tho lrrlgntlon systems of fur
rowH nnd canals; works of this kind carried out
In sufllclont extent will onlnrgo tho farm areas
vory considerably and lessen thp necessity for
opening up any new laud for cultivation. H 1b
by following theso methods that Japan Ib propp
ing herself to meet tho Increasing demnnd for
food. Fullurc of crop aud consequent ramlno
havo to bo mot by larffovltuports, but necessarily
cause groat distress among tho peoplo
Tlmos and eohbous nro scrupulously regarded
by tho poasantry for nil their agricultural opera
tions Tho torrlblo storms in tho typhoon season
nro very much dreaded eaily in September When
Structures At Kearney Industrial
School Arc Said to be In Danger
ous pontlltlon.
the rlco Is in flower they
are very devastating in
character when thoy como,
and tho rice crop is sure to
be injured by them at thlB
Tho wide, cultivated val
leys and the terraced hill
sides of Japan are a stand
ing testimony to tho pa
tience and Industry of tho
inhabitants throughout tho
country, and- the enre and
culture that havo been bo
stowed upon them for long
years aro plainly apparent
even to n casual observer.
A quotation from a Jap
nneso translation will show
tho spirit In which agricul
tural pursuItB have beon
carried on from old times
in the country, and tho
importance attached to
them: "To select a con
venient season in which to
employ men for public work. Is the rule ot good
ancient law. Winter Is a ume oi .... r "
lng the season between spring and autumn in
which they nro employed on their farms . It
is not expedient to take men rrom their work, or
lnterroro with them In their efforts to suppl
food."-Extract from translation of the Laws of
Shotoku Talshl. in "Dal Nikon (A. D. D72-G22).'
Quelled Klondike Bullies
On my return to Dawaon In tho evening I
sti oiled into tho "M. & N." saloon, where from
tho rather disturbed atmosphero of tho placo I
noticed something was amiss. One man was just
picking himself up from tho ground, while most
or the attention was concentrated upon a drunken
miner sitting on a billiard table. On inquiring
what tho trouble wub, I was Informed that tho
miner had "buffalood" the saloon in other words,
ho defied tho crowd or any of tho bartondors (tho
man whom I had observed picking himself up
wns ono of the latter) to put him outside. No
ono accepted the Invitation, till tho door opened
and a trooper of tho R. N. W. M. police in his
red cont strolled In. Another trooper quietly fol
lowed Neither in any way appeared to notlco
anything was particularly wrong Tho first troop
er Btrollod up to the table and, looking steadily at
tho drunken miner, quietly ordered him to put
on his cont nnd get out. Tho minor started to
swoar und bluster; but at tho ropcatod order,
this time in rather Bharpor tones, ho put his coat
on nnd walked out like a lamb Tho two troop
ers followed. They did not oven trouble to ar
rest him. tho occurrence being no unusual one.
This llttlo incident mndo mo realize what an
.influence this small body of mon had gained In
that wild stretch of country. During tho great
rush tho hoops of this corps ono of tho finest
that over ruled tho king's dominions did their
work In tho Icy north on tholr wage of $1 a day,
when the lowest wagn for ordinary skilled labor
wbb seldom undor $20, During that mad rush
Into Klondike not n elnglo murder wns committed
In Hrltlsh territory. From "A Wandorer's Trail,"
by A. Loton ltldger.
ltedd It la snld that more than 300 species of
flsh aro possessed of voices that arc audible to
human "cars.
Groeno Perhaps; but jou havo to do moro
than drop them a line to got nn answer.
Lincoln. District Judge Stewart
granted the stale railway commission
a writ of mandamus coinpolllrfg the
Missouri Pacific railroad to place a
telephone in Its station at Panama.
Tho attorney for tho road gave notlco
that an appeal will bo taken to the
supremo court. Tho case Is a test
case to determine tho constitution
ality of the law passed by. tho legisla
ture in 1900. Ynlo Holland of Omaha
represented tho railroad, and Deputy
Attorney General Ajrcs appeared for slate.
The rnllroad contends that the leg
islature exctedejl lis pollco powers in
rasslng a law foiclng on the railroads
of tho state the oxpenso of installing
telephones In their stations. It was
also argued that such legislation con
stitutes nn interference with tho in
terstate commerce act. Another ob
jection raised was that anyway the
law was not pioperly passed, as it
was signed by the presiding ofllcer of
the sennte.
Says Buildings Are In Bad Shape.
Lincoln. "Eveiy building nt tho
Kearney Industrial school for boys
Is defective, and I consider tho main
building dangerous," said Henry
denies, of the state board of control
recently on his return from a visit
to the state Institution at Grand Is
lan, Hastings, Kearney and Milford.
"Tho state will havc to spend a lot
of money for tho repair of buildings,"
he continued. "Tho soldiers' "home nt
Gland Ibland Is cracked, and lo set
tine and must have attention. Tho
older bulldirgs owned by the stato
tiave not been repaired when they
should have been. The result Is that
a considerable sum must now be
Hospital Liable for Negligence.
Lincoln. A hospital Incorporated
nnd conducted for prlvato gain Isj lia
ble In damages to patients for tho
negligence of nurses and other em
ployes Is the opinion of the supreme
court In an opinion handed down in a
case brought by Fannie Wetzel, ad
ministratrix of tlio estate of Alva J.
Wetzel, deceased, against the Omaha
Maternity nnd General ho3pltil.
The action was brought to recover
$20,000 for alleged negllgenco which
resulted in tho death of Mr. Wetzel,
who was a patient at tho hospital suf
fering from typhoid fever. In the ab
sence of an attendant he Jumped from
the window of his room on the third
ttory of the hospital and was killed.
The caso was tried In the Douglas
county dlstilot court and damages
awarded In the sum of $5,500. The
court affirms tho judgment of the low
er court, but Judge Sedgwick dissents.
Tho judgment of the Douglas coun
ty district court is affirmed In a case
against the Omaha General hospital
wherein Tillie Broz, administratrix
.secured a verdict for $7,000 against
tho hoBpltal for the alleged death of
her hu3band, Adolph F. Broz, a far
mer, who lived In Sallno county and
was a patient at tho hospital.
It Is alleged that Uroz, though Buf
fering from a mental disorder, was
lett unattended and while alone took
poison, from which he died.
Complains of Charge.
J. W. Shorthlll, secretary of tho
Nebraska Farmers' Co-operative
Grain and Llvo Stock association of
Hampton, has 'Hied a complaint with
the state railway commission against
tho South Omnha Stock Yards asso
ciation, claiming that tho stook
yards company makes yarding charge
of 8 cents on hogs when but C cents
is charged by Kansas City and St
Arrests Alleged Fire Bug.
Lincoln. Flro Commissioner RIdg
ell has rcoetved a letter from H. F.
Uoquartte, ona of his deputies, stat
ing that ho had arrested William
Carson, nccused or setting lire to tho
hotel at Sutton, and that ho hod con-
fenced to the act nnd also to setting"
flro to a livery barn In Hastings some
time ago. Ho has beeu bound over to
the district court.
New Depot Ordered.
Lincoln. The Stato Hallway com
mlsfcion has Issued an order to com
pel tho Burlington railway to build
a now depot at David City, as tho ro
8iilt of a complaint mado by tho busi
ness men ofthnt city some tlmo ago.
Tho company Is given ten days to
notify the commission of acceptanco
of tho order.
Bacon -I see a youth was arrested at Calcutta
and flned $100 for having cllmbod up a water
plpo 120 foot long, in order to hold converse with
his sweetheart,
Egbert That scorns a good deal to pay for a
Acccepts jPopulIst Nomination,
Lincoln Governor Morehcnd is noi
a condldato for tho populist nomina
tion for governor, tho same as la G.
W. Borgo, ns well as helng in tho
democratic raco. A petition placing
Mr. Morehcad in tho populist race
Hied and tho governor filed an accept
anco under It. The potllhui was from
Wahoo and It contains twent -eight
names, hcadod by Oscar Hanson.
A petition for ronomlnntlon as re
publican candidate for congress from
the Fourth district hns been filed fOT
Charles II. Sloan.
Henry Watt of Guldo Rock, who re
cently Buffered his third stroko oi
paralysis, is fatally ill.
The Fromont branch or tho Atlantic
Canning company i installing $3,000
worth of new machinery.
Nick Sur, pioneer or Cuming, conn
ty, has returned rrom a two months'
visit to his old homo in Oldenburg,
The wheat yield near Ohlowa Is
averaging twonty-flvo bushels to tha
acre and tho corn crop la In good con
dition. Tho Harvard Community club li
planning for a fall festival. Commit-'
tees havo been appointed to arrange
a program.
C. C. Sodman has just closed a
thirty-five-year term as members of
tho school board in district No. G2, in
Nemaha county.
A divorce was granted Zoo Wnllia
of Beatrice who was given tho enwto
dy of thrco minor children and $50 a
month alimony.
Judge G. T. Graves of Pender la
holding an adjourned term of the dis
trict court at West Point for equity
purposes only.
Tho fall restlval at Fromont will
bo held in October. A tractor and
farn machinery demonstration will be
given In August.
A. W. Hawkins of Norfolk has fllod
for the repuWllcan nomination for
county clerk, F. J. Dover is also a can
didate for the nomination.
Charles Gerrlsh of Beatrice has
Hied a suit asking for a divorce from
his wlfo on the ground that she has
cruelly refused to live wjth him.
Mr. nnd Mrs Paul Schlssler, sr., of
Hastings, will leave this month for a
visit to their old home at Baden, Ger
many. They will return In October.
Ross Foster throshed a ten aero
Held of rail wheat and got 440 bush
els. Ho lives on tho O. B. Foster
farm, three miles northwest of Ans
ley. i
E. E. Burr and L. W. Ely of Guide,
Rock are erecting a cement and biick
building, fifty by ono hundred feet,
on land formerly occupied by two
frame buildings. ,
When Marshal Caton of Grafton at
tempted to arrest a. tramp tho man re
sisted and was shot through tho leg,
by tho officer. The marshal was
bruised severely.
Olin M. Mayfleld is suing the city
of Norfolk for $10,000 for injuries al
leged to havo been sustained becauso,
of a pile of bricks -left in a street
by city employes. '
Wheat in the vicinity or Fall Held
Is ranging from fifteen to thirty-two
bushels an acre. Corn is in good
condition nnd tho second crop of al
falfa Is doing woll. j
John M. Ward of Goneya has filed
for tho republican nomination for
float representative for the Forty-"
third district, comprising Clay, Fill
more and York counties. I
Frank A. Brown of Sioux City, for
merly of Omaha, Jias brought, suit for
divorce against Ella H. Brown of
Norfolk. He alleges cruelty and asks
for tho custody of a minor child. i
The southeast corner of Wobstor
county and the southwestern part of
Nfuckolls countyare badly in need of
rain. Corn is not damaged as yet, buti
t Is In no shape to stand a contlnuedr
Mrs. Bohart, tho wife of Rev. C. W,
Bohart, nn early pioneer or Hoosierl
valley, is critically ill at her home In
Anselmo. She is suffering from can
:er of the stomach and thero is said'
to be no hope for recovery.
J. W. Kenna, jr., or Auburn suj
talned a broken foot when a wagon
load or sand passed over it. Ho was
standing near the wagon when tho
horses became frightened and ran)
A. L. Roberts who Hied for tho dem
ocratic nomination for school super
intendent of Nemaha county nnd by
petition became a- republican candi
date also, has withdrawn from tho -race.
Action to foreclose a $25,000 trust
mortgage on the People's State bank
building or Beatrice has been brought
on behair of the bondholders by tho
union State bank against John Pen
ner, et nl,
The Nemaha county commission
ers hnvo voted to macadamize tho
road east of Auburn for a consldern
ble distance. The old Wooden brldgo
over tho Nemaha will be replaced by
a concrete structure.
S. R, McFarland has filed for the
office of state senator from Madison,
Stanton and Colfax counties. C. H.
Sibley of Tilden has filed for the dem
ocratic nomination for representative
of tho Twenty-fourth district.
Charles Dworak was drowned near
Schuyler while bathing in the Platto
river with three companions. Two
of the men woro caught in the eddy
where two currents camo together.
Tho body has not been recovered,
Peto Albraredc, Eighteenth and
Burt streets, a Mexican laborer work
ing on a sewer ditch at Thlrty-Hrst
street and Lincoln boulevard,
Omaha, was burled alive. He died
boforo follow workmen could removo
the dirt.
T. E. Conley of Beatrice has Hied
for the republican nomination of rep
resentative rrom Gage, Jefferson and.
Thayer counties.
A Bmall tornado passing through
tho section of the country eight mllM
jjast of Beatrice caused consldorabla
damage to crops and farm buildings.
Mlsso Besale, May and Nina Hull,
Fremont girls, have started a ranch
on their claims near Newoll, S. D.
They were former school toachora
nnd utocked tholr ranch with tbs
monoy earned by teaching. They aro
the daughters or tho Into A. C. Hull, a
well known Fremont man.