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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 14, 1914)
THE NORTH PLATTE SEMl-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
GOVERNMENT AID FOR ROADS
Committee of Congress Expected to
Make Favorable Report on
Highways Measure. '
The question of federal aid for good
roads looms large. A joint committee)
of tho senate and house, with Senator
Uourne, Oregon (the father of tho
parcel post hill) chairman, Is how In
vestigating the entire subject with
every likelihood of a report being sub
mitted favorable to tho general pro
ject. The main subject under Inves
tigation at present is the manner in
which federal aid when finally forth
coming shall bo distributed, whether
to the states according to their popu
" latlon, their area or tho mileage of
their highways. In n recent mnguztun
article Senator Bourne expressed him
self as favorablo to a plan which
shall combine all three of these ele
ments, inasmuch as it would not be
fnir to grant more aid to Rhode Island,
for Instance, than to Iowa, although
the population of tho former state Is
much larger than that of tho latter;
or moio aid to Nevada, for instance,
than to Nobrasku, although tho former
stato Is much larger In area than the
'latter; or to some stato which hqa
already solved the good roads prob
lem by thousands of miles of good
roads, leaving a state with impassable
highways suffering because of lack of
the necessary aid.
With federal and and state aid both
imminent, an Impetus is being given
to road building greater than over
before. The statement is made that
$500,000 a day Is being spent for good
roads in this country, but tho general
consensus of opinion is that until
within the last year or two results
commensurate with this immense ex
penditure have not been secured.
There 1b a feeling all over the country
that road building must be made as
systematic and as scientillc as rail
road building, hence tho movement
for a state highway commission with
plenary powers and scientific super
vision by expert engineers. Congress
has already appropriated $500,000, to
bo distributed $10,000 to each state,
for improvement of stretches of road
over which rural free deliveries
operate regularly. The results of
this appropriation will go a long way
to show whether or not the federal
government will be justilled in mak
ing still greater appropriations and in
going still more extensively into this
important subject. The secretary of
agriculture and the postmaster-general
have both been ordered to loan
their iniluence to the investigation, to
Uie end that actual facts may be se
cured so that road building may be
carried on in a practical manner.
GOOD ROAD-MAKING DEVICE
Machine Invented by Idaho Man Is
Simple In Construction Fills
Holes, Smoothing Road.
A road-making devlco for road
building hns been Invented and pat
ented by Hugh G. Taylor of Buhl,
Idaho. Tho machine Is simple in con
struction; It is a drag, constructed of
u piece of sheet metal four feet long,
four inchoB wide by a quarter of an
inch thick, says a writer in the West
ern Farmer. It is attached by means
of rods to either axle of a wagon or
buggy, and drags immediately behind
tho wheel, smoothing the track and
inclining loose dirt toward tho center
of the road-bed. At tho outer end of
the drag 1b a disk which senes to
cut down the sides of the track.
Mr. Taylor has one of these ma
chines attached to his mountain hack,
and It attracts a great deal of atten
tion. Good road advocates in south
ern Idaho are enthusiastic about the
machine; It has been proposed by
them that the county commissioners
buy them in largo !ots and lot them
out to every farmer who will ngree to
uso thorn, rebating the user on his
It Is a well-known fuct that the
roads of southern Idaho are in u
frightful condition for nine months
out of twelve; fiom the tlmo thoy dry
up in the spring until about June thoy
are In fair condition, but after that
thoy aro so full of "chuck holes" as
to render them discouraging to a light
rig driving fast, ov to a heavily loadec"
wagon. By tho use of Mr. Taylor's
chuck hole filler this cun bo eliminated
it fills all holes, leaving tho road
smooth lifter the passing of tho v
' I" rv
Why the trees should be pruned
for better development of fruit
Practico as Ancient and Time Honored as Science of Fruit Grow
ing Itself Many General Farmers Neglect the Work Abso
lutelyStruggle for Existence Is Reduced.
(Iy L. D. BATCIIKLOR.)
Pruning as applied to fruit trees Is
u practice by which a portion of the
tree is removed, having as its chief
aim a regulation of growth and fruit
lug, and Bhaping or training of tho
tree. Tho process Is most important
as a thinning of tho fruit buds, and for
tho regulation and distribution of new
wood. Tho practice Itself will vary
with tho several fruits, and the local
The practice of pruning fruit trees
for tho better development of fruit is
as ancient and time honored as tho
science of fruit growing Itself. Tho
HomanB wore aware of the benellts to
No. 1. A Neglected Tree Makes
Spraying and Harvesting Difficult.
No. 2. A Well Pruned Tree With
No. 3. Poor Pruning Such Wounds
Become a Source of Infection.
No. 4. A Properly Made Wound
be derived from this practice, and
much sound advice may still be
gleaned from theso ancient writers on
this subject. The progressive fruit
growers of today are as consistent In
the yearly pruning of the apple or
chard as thoy aro in the harvesting
of the fruit. Yet how many general
farmers, and men who devote only a
portion of their time to orcharding,
neglect tho pruning of the treeB abso
lutel. Many such men are ready with
an excuse, for their negligence, while
still others aro unaware of their folly.
Unless a mau Is positively indifferent
to the quality of fruit borno on his
trees he haB no excuse for such neg
lect, and even then his had example, 1b
a positive detriment to his community.
While one of tho excuses often of
fered for neglecting the pruning of
fruit trees is "that it is contrary to
the laws of nature," a close observa
tion not only proves the folly of this
reasoning, but it shows conclusively
that pruning is In accordance with na
ture's own method lather than con
trary to them.
If wo examine tho branch of a tree
we find all grndatlous of dormant leaf
buds, small twigs, fruit spurs, etc. A
close observation shows that there aro
many more dormant buds than
branches, and that many amall twigs
start to grow only to perish after a
short existence. Only a few buda are
able- to produce twigs which eventually
produce (lowers and fruit. Such then
is tho struggle for existence among
the buds and branches of the tree.
Similar to the struggle among all the
organisms of the world. A tree Is es
sentially a collection or colony of In
dividual plants. Every branch is en
deavoring to do what every other
No. 1. Well Shaped Apple Tree
Pruned With Open Center.
No. 2. Seven Year Old Jonathan
No. 3. Improper and Proper Re
moval of Large Limbs.
branch does to bear loaves, flowers
and seeds. But there nre moro buds
than there can be branches on tho
tree, and thero are moro twigs and
branches than ecu bear flowers and
fruit. Thero is a struggle for exist
ence among brandies and some of the
contestants perish, however, tho de
struction of a portion of theso branches
is conducive to tho betterment of tho
Kvery tree is a record of defeats and
disasters In order that the stronger
parts may live. If nature is such a
Mf VI W
searching and unrcbtrictod prunor It
Is safe to conclude that man may
pruno also. In other words, tho fruit
treo Is being continually pruned by"
nature. Some readers will nnturally
inquire then, "Why should man at
tempt to impiove upon the work of
nature?" The explanation of this la,
a simple one. Nature's object Is the'
production of seed with provision for
Its distribution, if it has fleshy parts
sufficient to attract some fruit loving
animal which may, perchance, drop;
tho seed far from tho parent treo
and thus reproduce Its kind, nature's
function has been fulfilled. Man cov
ets the fleshy portion of the fruit;
therefore, the quantity of tho seeds!
must bo reduced reduce tho struggle,
for existence In order that si and:
J quality may come before number. The
energy of the -plant is simply deflected
J Into another channel.
It Is a common assertion that the,
cutting off of a portion of a plant Is an
Injury because It removes a certain)
amount of living tissue. Tills theory
would loud ono to think that a. plant
had a certain fixed vitality, from which
a given amount is withdrawn when--ever
a portion of the plant is cut
away. A plant Is very largely what.
Its food supply and environmental con-i
dltlons make it. It is constantly being'
renewed. The removal of a portion'
of It can not destroy its vitality un
less this bo so great as to interfere
with tho nutrition of tho remaining
parts. It must he admitted that tho)
removal of a large limb could often-'
times have been averted by earlier,
pruning to thus divert tho energy of
the treo along desired channels. How-i
ver, this would result in the economy
of tlmo in building up the desired por
tion of tho treo during its early devel
opment, and not In an economy of vl-'
tnlity, for vitality is constantly re
There Is a balance between the feed
ing capacity of tho plant its root sys
temand its top. That Is, tho more
Best Results Are Obtained by Cut
ting Branches off as Close as Possible
to the Limb, Making the Cut Parallel,
to the Limb.
efllclent the root system, tho larger
the top. If a lurgo portion of tho top
is removed, the remaining portion imi
mediately makes a rapid growth to re
establish this balance.
FOR THE MARKET
Fowls Should Not Be Fed Too
Liberally During First Few
Days of Confinement.
n?y r m siinirz)
In preparing turkeys for market
thoy Bhould not bo fed too liberally
during tho first few days, but after
they have become used to confinement
should be given all thoy can eat up
clean. Only the very early hatclu
birds will bo large for tho Thanks
giving market, and selections for this
market must be very carefully made
Tho largefat birds in the flock should
be placed by themselves In a largo
pen. They must not bo closely con
fined. A largo shed with tight sides
on tho north and west with tho south,
and east sides covered with poultry
nMtlng makes a good fattening pen
it must bo covered, as the birds must
be kept perfeetlj dry. Tho pen 6hould
bo provided with low roosts in tho
back part and it should bo placed in
u secluded spot at some distance from
other poultry houses or barns, as tur
keys are very shy, and If excited by
u noise or other animals or strangers,
will not readily tak on fat.
Tho feeding troughs should be
placed on tho outsido of the pen, so
that they can bo easily cleaned and
filled without continually entering the
pen. This work should be done quiet
ly and at regular Intervals. The
troughs should bo kept scrupulously
clean. Nothing Is better than galvan
ized Iron for this purpose, as thoy
can bo scalded, and in this way irin2
perfectly sweet and clean. Wooden
troughs nbsorb a groat deal of moist
ure, and it is almost Impossible to
keep them us clean as they should bo.
Unseen in its approach, hard to de
tect in its early stages, and cruelly
painful in Its later forms, uric ncld
poisoning Is a disease- too often fatal.
Brlght's discaso is ono of tho ilnal
stages of uric acid poisoning. It kills
In our country every year moro men
and women than any other aliment
except two consumption and pneu
monia. Brlght's dlseaso and urlo acid
poisoning usually start in somo kidney
weakness that would not bo hard to
cure, If discovered early, so it is well
to know tho early signs of kidney dls
eaBo and uric poisoning.
When urlo acid is formed too fast
and tho kidneys aro weakened by a
cold, or fovor, by overwork, or by ovor
indulgences, tho acid collects, the blood
gets impuro and heavy, thero Is head
ache, dizziness, heart palpitation, and
a dull, heavy-headed, drowsy feeling
with disturbances of tho urlno.
Heal torturo begins when tho uric
acid formi into gravel or Btonu In tho
kidney, or crystallizes Into Jagged bits
In the muscles, Joints or on tho nervo
tubings Then follow tho awful pains
of neuralgia, rheumatism, gout, sciat
ica, neuritis, lumbago or kldnoy colic.
Sold by oil Dealers.
BOOST THAT WAS A KNOCK
Critic Knew Well That His Praise of
Novel Would Inevitably Decrease
In a dlscuflsion of tho popular lit
erary tnsto Theodora Dieisor said at
the Century club In Now Yoi.k:
"Hero ia an illuminating oplaode:
A preacher was talking to a critic. The
" 'I thought you didn't like tho work
or Potts, tho novelist?'
" 'Neither do I,' the critic answored.
" 'Yet in your review tho other day
you declared that I'otts last novol was
lemnrkable for Its purity, that Its high
moral tone was n splendid change
lrom the tainted fiction of the day, and
that you advised the public to turn to
the moral Potts, from the debasing
white slave fiction so much in vogue.
Wliy, now, my friend, if you dislike
Potts, did you talk like that about
"'I did It,' tho ciltlc answered, 'to
spoil his sales.' "
Was Neither, Nayther Nor Neether.
A gioup of Scottish lawyers were
gathered lound a brew of toddy one
evening. Tho conversation turned upon
a question of pronunciation.
"Now, 1 always say neether," ono of
the lawyers said in discussing the pro
nunciation of tho word "neither."
"I bay 'najthcr,' " lenuuked another
Turning to a third, lie asked: "What
do jou suy, Sandy?" Sandy, whose
head was u little muddled by too many
helpings of toddy, woke up from a
"Mo?" ho said, "oh, I say whuaky."
Teacher Johnny, for what is Svvit
Pupil Why m'm Swiss cheese.
Teacher Oh, something grander,
more impressive, moie tremendous.
Heard After Recent Storm.
"Heen to tho theater lately?"
"No, I get enough slush out of
doors." Boston Transcript.
What Is bred In the bone shows up
in tho soup.
4 SB1 1 LUr-VMJP J&J7 J
Knew How to Keep Peace In Family.
It Is quite significant, the number of
pereons who got well of alarming
heart trouble when they let up on cof
fee nnd use Postum us the beverugo at
There is nothing surprising about it,
however, becausu the harmful alkaloid
caffeine In coffco is not presont in
Postum, which Is made o.f clean, hard
"Two years ago I was having so
much tioublo with my heart," writes
a lady in Washington, "that at times
I felt quite alarmed. My husband took
mo to a specialist to have my heart
"Tho doctor Bald lie could find no
organic trouble but said my heart wan
Irritable from something I had been
accustomed to, and asked me to try
and remember what disagreed with
"I remembered that coffee always
soured on my stomach and caused mo
trouble from palpitation of the heart
So I stopped coffee and began to use
Postum. I have had no further
"A neighbor of ours, an old man,
was so lrrltablo from drinking coffee
that his wlfo wanted him to drink
Postum. This made him very angry,
but his wlfo secured somo Postum and
mndo it carefully according to direc
tions. "He drank tho Postum ami did not
know the difference, nnd Is still using
It to hiH lasting benefit. Ho tells his
wlfo that tho 'coffeo' in better than It
used to be. so she smiles with him und
keeps peaco In the family by serving
Postum instead of coffee "
Nnmo given by tho Postum Co.,
Postum now comes In two forms:
Regular Postum must bo well
boiled, ltic and 25c packages
Instant Postum Is n soluble pow
der. A toaspoonful dissolves quickly
in a cup of hot water and, with cream
und sugar, makes a delicious beverage
Instantly. 30c and f0o tins.
The cost per cup of both kinds is
about tho samo.
"There's a Reason" for Postum.
cold by Grocora.
, W;w r
'l don't know what ails me. "
uwA &Bn fir
Your Rnrli is Lnme Remember the
Jf JLiL JljKiJL.Jl SL
Price SO cenb. rostcr-Mllburn Co., Buffalo,
"Some of our mtmtltuents are dis
agreeing with you, satil the trusf-il
lieutenant. "Well, keep tab on them,"
replied Senator Sorghum; "when
enough disagree with me to constitute
a reliable ninjorltj, I'm going to tuin
around and agree with thorn "
DRY SCALE COVERED HEAD
2760 Tamm Ave., St. Louis, Mo
"My little daughter's head began with
a diy harsh scalo covering it. Klrst It
got a whito scalo over tho top ami
thon It got n dirty brown scab with
pus under It. Her hair came out in
less than a week and her head Itched
and bled. She had no rest. I had her
wear a scarf all tho time, It looked so
badly. Sho was so sore and had such
big brown scabs on her head that tho
teacher would not let her attend
"Wo took and had her treated for
three months with no relief. She kept
getting worso until I tried Cutlcura
Soap and Ointment. I used tho Cutl
cura Soap every third day and tho
f Cutlcura Ointment at night. In thrco
weeks her head was well of sores. Two
cakes of Cutlcura Soap and one box
of Cutlcura Ointment completely cured
her." (Signed) Mrs. Wnltor Rogers,
Nov. 28, 1912.
Cutlcura Soap nnd Ointment sold
throughout tho world. Sample of each
free, with 32-p. Skin Book. Address post
card "Cutlcura, Dept. L, Boston " Adv.
The fellow who falls in love at first
sight would like caviare tho first tlmo
ho tried it.
Nature Meyer Mesadecl
Woman to be Sickly
tho fact thaUtis sho who brinjja into tho world tho offspring'.
Every woman can bo strong and healthy. Don't resign
yourself to a delicate Ufa
If you Buffer from headaches, backaches, nervousness,
low spirits, lack of ambition, or havo lost all hope of bcinr
well again it's moro than nn oven chanco that you will
epcediiy regain your health if you will try
(In Tablet or liiqntd Form)
This famous remedy is tho result of years of patient
research by n physician who baa mado women'B peculiar,
ailments a lifo study.
Since, Its Introduction moro thsn forty years mjo thou
sands of women In ovary psrt of tho Rlobo havo Uatlflcu.
to Ita vrondorful merits. You, too. will And It beneficial.
Try It now. Your dealer in medicines will supply you or
you can Bend TO onwnt atampa for a trial box. Address
It. V. l'iorco, M. U., UuITalo. N. Y.
Br. Pierce.' Pieauuit Pellet a rcsalate stomach, UTcr,bo wole.
""Trl ray back i j
tfjl ns quickly
Sprained Aoltlo Rellovcd.
"I was ill for n lone tlmo with a severely sprained nnkle. I pot e. bottlo of Sloan's
Llnlpitnt and now I uni able to bo about and can walk n great deal. I write Uiis be.
cause 1 think you dccrvon lot of credit for putting such n fino Liniment on tho
market and I Mmll always take tluio to recommend Dr. Sloan's Liniment." Afr.
Chat. Hoot; llulnnwr; AM.
At all Dealers 25c., COc. and $1 .00. Sloan's Instructive book on horses, cattls, boss
Address Dr. Earl S. Sloan, Inc.
It Is but a furthor step to dropsy or
He warned by backache, by Sediment
In thokldney seen- lions, by painful, scant
or too frequent p.mage.s. Ouro tho weak
ened kidneys. Uhc Doan's Kidney Pills
a medicine mudo just for weak kid
neys, that has been ptoved good in years
of use. In thousands of cases tho rem
edy that is tecommended by grateful
users from coast to coast.
In Agony With Auifut Kidney Ailment
Mm Clnra Ilraseh. S00 N 16th St I.itin
ton. Mo snyit My whole satem wm III rd
with uric acid poison I had terrible sharp,
hooting pnlns In my hruil and sometimes I
was so dliiy. I stnKKered and near y fell.
Tho polsonlne arreted my wholo body and
tny hands, arms, limbs nnd ankle wen swoL
leu and sore Tho pains got so bud I
ccrramid and I thought I would dlr I wm
nervous nnd Innmitd and nt ttnvn 1 had
blinding spells Itemed lea and phjjiolins'
prescriptions did me no Rood In 1911 I
heard of Doan's Kidney Pills nnd had somo
procured for mo. After I had taken ttmrtv a
row day, the. noreness nnd pain beRn to
man up and I felt a little stronger In til
moat no time I wss up and around In K it
health I)oan Kldnev F'llla Mini. 1 iy
whole ava'em nnd th re la no doulit Ih i ,ey
taved my UTx .vine 1 Wat tirrd. I hait fuiJ tv
N. Y- Propilelorj
1 All Darts of the Provinces of h
Manitoba. Saskatchewan and
AllA.B ll.tofl hnulil..il .. ,.
..f..l ..IAt.la .( lift . ."I-.- tlCl
Bttloynnd Flax. Wheat cr.ic" 'l 5
vfrbm Contract to No. 1 Hi d. Y
wetKhcd heavy and yielded from 29 V
f nlQlrjiheb per net e, 22 bushels was ,
about the total average. Mixed fcrni V
mi- may oe consiuctcu iuiiv as nroiit-
able nn industry as Rtnin raising. The
1 excellent Brasses full of nutrition, are
f1. the only foot! required cither for beef
or dairy purposes. In 1912, and again in
1913. at Chlcaco. Manitoba carried off
the Championthlp for beef atocr. Good
schools, m at kets com cnicnt, climate ex- V
rellent. For tho homesteader, tho mnn 3
i miu wiBiirs 10 iarin cxirnsivciy, or ino
'. IhIIIUI.A. Pnnmla aIThm. .tin 11. .smb. nn.
...vitnui, w.uiMu.1 vine uo uu,v.i op
portunity of any place on the continent.
Apply for descriptive literature and
I reduced railway rates to
Ottawa, Canada, or to
I Government Agent i
Western Canada Lands
The richest fijixed Farming lands In Western
Canada lire in the Dattleford District. The toll
is a deep black loam on clay subsoil and lands
can be purchased at from 810 per acre up. Ex
cellent water In abundance, and railrosd fcllU
ties and Rood markets. Write (or list of selected
properties to L. II, GOOD. Secretnry, Board
ol Trade, Oaf llctord. Saskatchewan, Canada
Wnl Bon TC.Coletnnn, Wash,
Ington, IJ.U, Books frfo. Illiib.
ast references. Best results.
An a matter of fact it Is
her rlgkt nnd her duty to
enjoy perfect health and
strength to bo just as
Btrong and healthy as man
nerhans moro so in view ol
Oft izKJ H
'T IttLl I " 1J
. i rtn t fiiv
'Yes, daughter, that's prood stuff. Tho nain in
all rrono I never saw anything work
as Sloan's Liniment" Thousands of
gnuciui pcopia voice- mo same opinion. Here's
Ttelievec! P&ln In Duett.
"I vraa trouMeil with n Tcry bad pain In my
bsiUlcrcomuuinc. I went to n doctor but ho
(IHI not da mu any good, so I
purchased rt bottlo of Sloan's
lJnlmcut, nnd now I am n, well
Moman. I nlwninkecp a bot
tlo of Sloan 'u Liniment in the
Iiou'p " Maimia i.oiion.
"Wc have used Sloan's Lini
ment for over six years and
found It the best e ever used.
When my ulfo had sciatic
rheuruntism tho only thlnir that
did her any Rood was Moan's
Liniment, wo cannot praise it
hlchly enough." Ar. i'trigo.
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