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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 20, 1914)
THE NORTH PLATTE SEMLWEEKLY TRIBUNE.
Keop the hen bouso dry.
Mako tho stallion earn IiIb feed.
tho clumsy horso suffers from cold.
Ubo the best breeding stock th'at
you can afford.
Color In butter is Important but
flavor counts for inoro.
It will pay for ownors to keop Indi
vidual records of cows oven In small
The young mare has fretted and
fumed, nlways half a length ahead of
tho old horse.
Leguminous plants do not thrive In
soils where tho accompanying bac
teria aro absent
Hens that aro put out Into the cold
and snow are soon chilled out of the
Tho most frequent fault of old
peach trees is the absence of fruiting
wood In Its lower branches.
Kerosene is a great remedy In the
poultry pen. It may be used as a
medicine, also as a disinfectant.
Alfalfa is the forage crop that
means much for the development of
diversified farming and more stock.
A horse's usefulness Is measured by
Its strength and rapidity of move
ment rather than by size and weight.
Tho man who will grow strictly
fancy asparagus need never want long
for any of the comforts this world af
fords. llutter that Is washed until it Is dry
and hard usually lacks that quick,
fresh tasto that Is In butter not so dry
One of the greatest mistakes with
beginners Is tho tendency to crowd 50
fowls into a place where there is rooin H
ror only 20.
Inheritance has something to do
with persistency in milking, though
care and feed will encourage and es
tablish tho habit.
You can find prosperous dairy farm
ers in every locality. There aro neigh
bors who don't make tho cows pay. It
is in the men. not in the soil.
A few coals from the wood fire of
tho kitchen put Into the houses now
and then, where the hogs can grind
them up to charcoal, help to keep tho
Fortunate Is tho man who has a
big crop of pumpkins. They should
be gathered before frost, and fed to
tho cows. Don't be afraid the seeds
will hurt the cows.
No man should forget that the
dairy barn is tho place where human
food that is roost susceptiblo to out
side influences is produced. Have the
barn in good condition.
Garden beane have been developed
from several species or wild forms,
and all of the common kinds are very
tender to frost and require a warm
season and sunny exposure.
One of tho methods of preventing
injury to apple trees from tho woolly
aphis is to have tho trees grafted on
Northern Spy roots, as this "Variety
seems never to be seriously attacked.
The beginner In selecting breeding
stock should appreciate the advantage
ho will secure In using much care In
tho selection of stock nnd the sorting
out of tho undesirable ones from time
niack raspberries and dewberries
aro propagated by layering. The tips
of tho canes are bent over to the
ground and covered with dirt to a
depth of about four inches as soon as
the fruiting season is past.
A little grooming or brushing will
have a great jfafluenco on tho appenr
ance of tho cow. A fow minutes
spent in this way will pay large divi
dends in bettor looks and also in n
greater price of farm stock and bettor
After the silo has been well filled
It may bo covored over at the top
with u little well shocked straw or
hay. As a matter of fact, though, tho
t'llo can bo opened and used the day
after it is filled. If you have uso for
the feed, don't wait.
Making tho stallion earn his feed by
moderate work outsldo tho actual
breeding season, will leave tho lees
from his broedlg servico practically
clear gain; besides insuring lilrn a
moro vigorous constitution for trans
mitting to 1"U offscrltur.
Keop the pigs clean.
Keop tho sheep pen dry.
Start tomatoes In tho hotbod.
Do not catch a sheep by tho wooL
Keop tho pigs clean nnd they will
, A dry pon and a dry bed are essen
tial to thrift In pigs.
The host time to select tho young
sow is whon sho Is ready to wean.
Drafts aro fatal to hogs, causing
rheumatism, pneumonia and other Ills.
If blinders aro used, don't let them
be loose so as to flap against tho
"Canned summor tlmo" Is the new
name for silage. Sounds like a good
lie fore any animals can transmit
better qualities it must have those
In weaning time ewes should be put
on dryer pasturo or fed for two or
See that the collars fit snugly, so
as to admit of tho hand being inserted
at tho bottom.
To milk a cow requires time and
patience. Tho milk should be drawn
slowly and steadily.
A good cow Is naturally impatient.
With constnnt IrrlUitlon, any cow will
fall In quantity of milk.
That Is a good reason why every
sheep ought to have her own stall and
bo fed separately from tho rest.
There Is not much gain In breeding
a heifer beforo sho 1b eighteen months
old, but there is considerable risk.
Which do you prefer, to pay $2,500
to a stallion peddler for a $1,000 horse,
or keep the $1,500 in your own pocket?
Some cows havo very tender teats,
and if you want a well disposed cow,
be gentle In your treatment towards
The man with five cows and a
cream separator Is better off than his
neighbor who has eight cows and no
The actual cost to keep added' to
tlio servico fee of tho Biro, represents
tho amount at which horses you raise
Especially In summer, it is not econ
omy to load butter with water, for it
will not keep as well nor sell at as
high a price.
Chickens of frying size In Juno and
July bring nlmost twice the money
when sold as the same weight brings
in September and October.
The seed corn should bo stored
where there will bo llttlo danger of
frost. This Is especially true un
til tho ears are entirely dried out.
Don't overdo the soft mash plan of
feeding. All good chickens have giz
zards which can do a lot of food
grinding. One soft mash a day is
When you buy dairy cows you do
not want beef animals, for they are
inclined to lay on flesh instead of giv
ing value received for their feed and
care in the bucket.
In tho early stages of bloat In cattlo
a mixture of two ounces of soda and
ginger In a quart of water, can usual
ly be depended upon to cure. Olvo
tho mixture In a drench.
It is poor economy to feed tho poul
try on one kind of grain. It Is moro
profitable In every way to give vari
ety, of which corn, wheat and oats
should be tho lending reeds.
If there Is any protection at all for
tho poultry from tho high winds, thoy
should be let out for a few hours at
least, every day. when tho weather
Is not so cold aB to freeze tho combs.
The manure spreader and the silo
are two things that point the farmer
towards a better bank account, and
it is not going to be so very long be
fore wo will add to this tho milking
Tho only certain way to find out
what sort of cows we havo is to test
them. Sometimes thc'resulta are very
disappointing and wo may wish we
had not done It, but in tho ond it Is
greatly to our advantage.
To omit tho firHt and second spray
ing from un applo orchard which la
bearing a partial crop, practically
means tho loss of the crop for that
season, no matter how thoroughly la
tor applications of poison nro mndo.
Tear blight is an infectious dlsef.sa
which affects pears, apples and
quinces. It Is caused by a bacterium,
an organism which Id similar in habit
to typhoid fever, nnd can bo con
trolled only by cutting out tho nf-
Tho puro bred bull has done a great
deal to Improve tho dairy herds of the
middle west. All states, or at least
tho principal xjnos, aro sporting nn
Increased dairy production and the
results may bo traced to better cowa,
not more or them.
WHEN LAMBS BEGIN
Profitable Wool and
The young lambs will begin to come
along pretty fast now and ir you
have kept a record or tho service you
should know exactly when each owe
Bhoulii drop her lnmb. From 148 to
152 days from tho time of Bervlce
the lambB should be dropped. If you
have taken good enro of your ewes
by feoding them on a light ration of
corn, Btover, bran, fino clover hay nnd
a little oil meal toward tho finish, you
may reasonably expect a Good crop' of
Tho good shepherd will see to It
that his lambH are entirely free from
ticks. At least six weeks before
lambing time tho owes should bo rvory
carefully examined nnd if there Is
any sign or tickB they Bhould at once
be dipped. Plnco the ewo on Its back,
part the wool ulong the belly, and
pour on tho dip Bolutlon bo that It
will ruu down ,nnd cover the entire
akin. Do not keop the ewe on her
back too long, but place her on her
reet, part the wool along the back
and pour some or the solution on so
that it will run down and, meet thnt
rrom the belly. It Is a bad plan to
allow lambs to come when the mother
Is covered with ticks.
There is no such thing as raising
lambs, or rather, or bringing them
into tho world in good condition.
When the man takes good caro or his
ewes ho is likely to have a good crop
or lambs. When ho doeB not ho will
likely have a poor crop of lambs.
Tho breeding owob should always
bo separated from fat sheep nnd
wethers, and In no case Bhould tho
rams bo allowed with them previous
to lambing time. Hurdles, four nnd
fivo feet long should always bo In
readiness so that the ewe and her
lamb can at onco be separated from
the rest of the flock. This is espe
cially important with twins, because
If one of the lambs should becomo
separated from the ewe sho will not
claim it ugaln.
Always arrange your pen so that a
ewo will never have Jo Jump over a
gate tar a high board or run against
sharp corners. Sho should nlways
havo plenty of exercise and access
to water and salt.
In order to give ewes exercise it
is a good plan to place feed and Bait
some dlstanco from tho fold In order
that they will go to it.
If you havo not already provided
your lambing quarters divide one of
tho horso stalls or some other wnrm
place In the barn where the eyes can
be kept warm and cared for.
The wise shepherd will never leave
his flock day or night during the act
ive lambing season. I3etter havo tho
hired man look after them in tho
day time and attend to them at night
Do not attempt to assist the ewe
too much in lambing. Let nature take
Qualifying Conditions of the Soil
Are in Great Measure Under
Control of Farmer.
The fertility of tho soil is not like a
bank account, which Is tangible, In
sight, can bo drawn out at one or
more tiraeB or at will of tho deposit
ors, says tho American Cultivator.
The soil Is an Investment with many
qualirylng conditions, viz.: Available
plant food, physical condition and
These aro In a great measure under
the control of the fnrmer. Inasmuch
as no plant has the ability to mako
something out of nothing, each crop
grown of necessity must tnko avail
able plant rood out or tho soli which
never come back In most cases. In
figuring tho cost of production tho
valuo of tho plant food taken should
bo charged against tho orop JuBt aa
much as that added In way. of manure
In our experience in footing the
cost of production we havo charged
tho loss of plant rood against the
crop grown in proportion to the yield.
In tho legumes we havo credited tho
crop with tho added nitrogen. And
thnt la not all tho Improved physical
condition or tho Boll has a valuo that
cannot bo measured.
U wo aro not going to charge tho
crop with tho lost fortuity that wo
should not credit It with tho added,
notation of crops may enablo us ror n
time to grow prolltablo crops, but
sooner or later our children or their
children will pay tho penalty. Fertil
ity means n valuable asset in tho
TO COME IN SPRING
itH course, and If sho has been prop
erly cared for thore will be llttlo
trouble. When tho lamb comes re
move the membrane rrom Its noBe and
see that It sucks at once. Nevor al
low a ewe to become separated from
her lamb, because there Is likely to
be difficulty In having her claim It
When a lamb Is a day or two old
It can be placed with Ub mother with
tho rest or tho ewes and lambs nnd
the breeding place used for other
Hxamlno the ewe's udder carefully
and If sho seems to havo no milk do
not be discouraged at once. Lot tho
lamb suck and sho will probably
bring her to her milk in a fow hours.
On the other hand, If the udder con
tains too much milk, more than one
lamb can bring, allow an older lnmb
to suck tho udder dry. This Is very
Important and should never bo neg
lected. K the ewo does not have sufficient
milk, for tho first few days foed tho
lamb on cow's milk, diluted about
one-rourth. A llttlo sugar added will
make it more palatable and very often
tho lamb will thrive rrom the very
The ewes should not bo red heavily
on grain rood Immediately after the
lambs are dropped, it Is hotter to
give them a light bran mash for a
day or two.
In the case of twins, tho mother
should be fed all she can cat of the
most nutritious mllk-glvlng food.
If the lambs do not thrive it is bet
ter to take one of them away and
place them with a more vigorous owe.
This 1b not nlways easy to be accom
plished, but sometimes it can bo done.
If no mother can be found to take
It, it will havo to bo Bepnrated from
tho rest or the lambs and fed on
cow's milk. This Ib somo trouble of
course, but it always pays.
Cribs should be provided for the
lambs when two weeks' old, so that
thoy can eat by themselves. They
should bo taught to eat a llttlo ground
oats early and should be given a little
clover hay at which to nibble all the
time. See that thoy havo plenty of
fresh water and exercise. '
They should bo fed all they can,
ent from tho niimito thoy can uibblo
grain until they aro sent to tho mar
ket. Good lambs cannot be produced
without heavy feeding. 0,f course,
caro must be taken to keop their
bowels in good condition nnd every
thing that suggests Itscir to the intel
ligent reedcr muBt be done.
1 Examine the lambs carefully and If
they show any signs of ticks thoy
should bo dipped thoroughly. It doeB
not pay to wasto good food to fat
I FEEDING TEST AT
Found That Colts That Had No
Oats Are in Better Condition
Than Others With Grain.
Strong, healthy draft horses can bo
produced without oats. After moro
than nine months, In a funding test at
tho KansaB station, colts that havo
had no oats aro In better condition
than those which utc this feed, nnd
have made a llttlo better gain' Tho
saving In cost or reed Is 20 per cent.
The colts hnve been fed the samo sort
of roughage alfalfa, corn fodder and
One lot has boert fed oats every
day nnd the other has had a combina
tion ration, 70 per cent, corn, 2C per
cent, bran and five per cent, oil men!.
One pound or this inlxturo contains
thy samo digestive elements as one
pound or oats. Also, rrom tho stand
point or energy value, tho two reeds
aro equal, pound ror pound The test
shows a rarmer can bettor afford to
feed the mixed ration, with corn at 85
cents a bushel, bran at $30 a ton, oil
meal at $40 a ton, than oatH at 50
cents a bushel.
Rules .for Estimation Hay.
Hay Is often sold In tho mow
Btack and then tho weight lias to
established. For UiIb purpose 400 cubic
feet of hay Ib considered a ton. Tho
actual weight of W0 cublo feet of hay
will vary according to tho quantity
of tho hay, tlmo of cutting and amount
in tho mow. For making nn estlmnto
multiply together tho length, breadth
and height of tho mow or stnek In
feet and dlvldo the product by 400.
Tho quotent will bo tho numbor of
THE UNLUCKY ROOM
By EDNA R. PATTERSON.
Mrs. TllllngB, lnndlndy, looked nt
tho girlish llguro beforo her with n
certain softening of hor thin, prnc
tical features. Then, her glnnco trav
eled vaguely around the neat llttlo
room; and after alio had needlessly
adjusted the pincushion nnd straight
oned a chnlr next to tho bureau, Bho
looked nt hor prospective lodger
ngaln, nnd clenred her throat.
"I think I ought to tell you," she
begnn, as If with reluctance. "You
seom to like this room, and thoro'n
nothing tho matter with it as far as
I can boo but it's an unlucky room."
Tho young Btrangor's brown eyes
opened wondoringly. "Why, what do
you moan? Unlucky In what wny?"
"Well, lt'a this Way. 1 wouldn't
bother telling you nt all If you were
u man, or oldor, or or now, It Isn't
Bpooks or anything like thnt, but hard
luck eecniB to go with tho room, and
I guess U'b got on my nerves. First,
thoro was Mrs. Taylor whoso husband
died on his wny from tho Philippines.
Then n medical Btudont took tho room,
nnd ho got hit by nn nuto truck and
was sent homo cilppled. And a cousin
of Mr. TllllngH enmo In, nnd ho lost
tho position he'd held for twenty
years lost It tho very next wcok
nnd the next party was n crook, and
wo had tho pollco here and had a ter
Tho girl's big ryoB met thoso of tho
nnrrator unflinchingly. "I can't see
what tho room had to do with any of
thoso misfortunes," alio remarked po
litely. "No-o, of course not; but I begun
to feel queer about It. And when you
came along and "
"Is that nil? I think you haven't
told mo all." Tho voune olrl nhal-
longed her companion with a gcntlo
but direct glnnco. Mrs. 'Fillings
"My dear how wIbo you aro! No,
It isn't qulto nil. The lust lodgor was
a young girl llko yourself, only moro
delicate and dispirited-looking when
she enmo here. Hut sho wns very
young nnd nlone iiul Bho was' very
The1 color waB mounting In tho
checks of Hello Donn, nnd her eyes
"A girl like mo young nnd nlono,"
sho repeated, softly. "Who waB she?
And what became of her?" '
"Sho waB an artist from upstate,
nnd sho couldn't make n success or
it, and sho lost hope and sho killed
"Oh!" Tho girl's- hands claspod to
gether tightly, and her bright race
contorted with horror. "Here, In this
room?" Bho gasped. "Oh, the poor
"No, not here. She was round In
tho park. And sho had always said
Bho had no near relatives, and I
couldn't find any nddresses among
her things, so I Bold her hits of Jew
elry and gave her a decent burial.
Hut it was a shock, I tell you."
nolle sat thinking. "Well. I'm not
an artist, nnd I havo plenty of rela
tives and some monoy nnd a cheerful
disposition," sho Bald, finally. "I llko
this room hotter than any I've aeon,
and I llko you. Mrs. Tllllngs. Sp I'll
stay, and risk the Influence ot tno
Hollo Bent for her trunk and took
possession of tho unlucky room. Mrs.
Tllllngs would not havo referred to
Its pnst tenants again, but her new
lodger seemed to be Interested In hor
unfortunate predecessor. Tho land
lady know little, nfter all, ror tho
young artist had been or a quiot, un
communlcntivo disposition, but the
eloment or mystery mndo tho affair
even moro absorbing. Thoro was n
small photograph for Hollo to see a
palo, wistful race with smoky masses
of hair and haunting eyes, the fnco of
ono who hut known unspoken long
ings and unfulfilled deslros.
"Sho wbb never bright and happy
llko you." Bald Mrs. Tllllngs. "Somo
folks aro born for misery."
"Bright and huppy," reflected Belle,
nlono In her room later. "I thought
I was but I'm not bo Buro!" Sho
Jenncd her chin on her hands and
stared out Into tho busy street. "I
thought I was doing a lino thing when
I came away to live my own de
pendent life, but Bomehow things
haven't, seemed ns gay as I expected.
If thoy all hadn't bothered mo so much
about Ullss Thatcher If ho hadn't
beon so porslBtent I wouldn't have
run away. As if matrimony was the
only career for a girl the only thing
sho could hope to attain. Pooh!"
Hollo's thoughts often ran backward
after that, and she became restless
and dissatisfied. Sho began to dread
her hours or solitude.
"I don't know what ails me." she
thought, ono rainy arternoon. "I can't
put my mind op rending or sowing
any more. Peoplo bore mo. nnd I'm
as tired or the town's pleasures jib ir
I was a Juded old woman. I guess
tho hoodoo of this room is at work
I waB never so wretched In my life!"
Sho recalled her last hour with Bliss
Thatcher; tho quarrel that had ter
minated tholr long friendship. Sho
had not heard from him or of him
Hlnco her flight to the city. It seemed
Btrange to her that Hllss could bo so
obstlnnto after his faithful servico to
her. Perhaps ho had found consola
tion In another girl's society May
Williams, for Instance, who hnd al
ways aimed her soft coquetries in his
direction. Hello writhed In spirit nt
"Hut I won't go back," sho vowed
fiercely. "If HHbb cares, let him mako
ho llrflt uIku."
As tho season wore on Mrs. Tllllngs'
now lodger showed indications of
drooping. Tho rosos dimmed In hor
cheeks nnd hor laughter was loss
ready. Sho spent much tlmo awny
rrom homo, and nppenrcd in many
chnngos or fashionable finery, but her
moods wore uncertain, and sho
Boomed often low-spirited.
Mrs. Tllllngs observed tho chango
with Increasing concorn. "Why, sho'H
Retting ns peaked nnd mournful ub
thnt other poor girl," sho considered.
"I wonder what's tho matter."
Tho mattor was entirely simple
Hollo Doan had not nppreclntod the
blessings of her previous years until
now. Her high spirits nnd flashing
tomper hnd cut her ndrlft rrom tho
man who, onco lnsignlflcnnt In her
sight, now loomed tormentlngly Im
portant nnd dcairnliln. Hop onln mu.
solatlon was that Hllss Thatcher wns
of tho faithful kind nnd wquld wait
for hor. Fnto might bring them to
gether Bomo day.
Hut tlmo passed, and tho glrl'B dis
tress aiuj. UnhapplnosB grow. ' Sho re
fused Invitations and nvoided her now
frlomla. Sho even Bought employment
to keep her mind occupied. "I think
I'll go nwny." sho decided ono day.
"t novor Imnglned life could sooin so
Sho sighed and begun to pack bur
Irunk. Ab she emptied a drawer of
I ho droBHlng table, a rolded paper
eamo Into view. Curiously Hollo be
gan to rend tho wrltton pages, her
eyes dilating nnd hor breath coming
quickly ns she procooded.
"Oh!" Hho quavered. "That other
girl tho artlBt sho wroto this and
loft it hero for why, U'b n copy ot
II letter. It was hor socrot, and I havo
"1 havo found Ilfo hard and bitter."
tho moBBago ran, "but I know now I
could havo stood It all ir you had not
railed mo. Arthur. I thought you would
wnlt for mo thnt your lovo would Inst
forovor. Hut whllo I havo beon dream
ing those dreams that could never
como truo, you havo round somn ono
olso to take my placo In your heart.
It does not seom ralr yot I know I
am to blame. I am alono In my do
Teat, but, Arthur, I want you to know
that I loved you bettor than I know,
nnd that ashamed and repentant, I
wns coming back to you to ask your
forgiveness. My poor llttlo talents
wero never worth tho sacrifice I mado
nnd now, with tho light or your lovo
gono when I need It most. Ilfo stretch
es out boforo mo so blnck and so
empty thnt I mn nfruld "
TcnrB wero streaming down BoIIo'b
chookB as sho bent ubout tho unfin
ished mesBugo. Had it over hoen
sent? WnB this tho reason of tho final
tragedy? Thinking of tho girl who
had desired too lato to reclaim a
scorned lovo, nnd of tho man who hnd
grown Impatient waiting, Hello wu3
plunged Into sudden panic. What If
Bliss Thatcher had forgotten her7
Whnt ir sho wero already too lato?
Oh, what would her Ilfo ho without
lovo Hllss Thatcher's lovo?
Broken and ropontant in spirit now
that her heart had been revealed to
hor, alio wroto a hasty but tender note
to tho man sho had disdained. Two
days later, n rosy, smiling young
creature danced Into MrB. Tllllngs'
"Oh, Mrs. Tllllngs," cried Bella
Doan, "I'm going to loavo you I'm go
ing back homo! I've been waiting
for good news nnd It Just camo. I
can't tell you overythlng " her rnco
grow gravo and hor volco softonod
"It's my secret and another's; but
something has hupponcd that I nhaU
bo gratoful ror all my lire. And k
happened whllo I. was living In your
"Really how strango!" oxclnlmc(
tho landlady. "Well, it's tlmo tho
Bpell waB broken, and I'm glad you'ro
tho one who's dono If, my denr."
(Copyilulit. 1914, v ho McCluro Nvn
London's hotels, or which uro up
wards or COO, aro called upon to find
accommodation for botween 25,000 and
30,000 vlsltorn nightly. Somo of these
Iondon hotels nro wonderful places,
Twonty of them represent a cnpltal of
V. 8,000,000 sterling. Somo pohbosb
ovor 1,000 bedrooms, and ns many nv
8,000 gm'HtB havo beon known fa
sleep In n Bcoro of these palaces. Of
tentimes tho tablo Bllvor at a famous
hotel ropresnnts a. value of 100.000
and a great deal disappears nnuually
Into tho pockets of "flouvonlr-hunterfl,"
There Ib hardly a trade or profession
but what has Its own particular hotel
In London. Tho origin of tho modern
Metropolitan hotel was that years ngo
an enterprising servant who loft a
West-end mansion to start a boarding,
houso dovelopcd It by stages into an
hotel which afterwards become ono
of tho biggest In lxmdon, and enabled
him to retire to tho country a rich
man. Iondon Tlt-Blts.
Activities of Women.
Ton thousand women eimacod in
tho mnnufneturo of chlldron'B gar
ments in Now York havo issued n
Allowing for losses In alack season,
thrco-qunrtorH or tho women workers
In Now York city receive loss than
$400 n yenr.
Miss Chrlstlo Holmborg has been
elected clerk In Santa Barbara, Cnl .
by an overwhelming majority' over
her male opponent.
Tho Now York Housekeepers'
leaguo has engaged soveral women to
act as Inspectors in thoir crusndo
against cold storage food.
Tho extensive Allen Dyeing Works
In Philadelphia Is conducted by MIsh
Katherlno II. Allen, daughter of the
founder of tho business.
Mrs. Clnrn S. Butler of Clovolund,
O.. Uiih Invented nnd patented a do'
vico which ellmlnutes tho harsh me
tallic sounds In a phonograph.
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