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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1914)
THE NORTH PLATTE 8EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
S. vv mrlliMiiM. PuJh
Swcot clover aids tho soil.
Tho cow is not a machine.
Milk Is a food, not a beverage
Manure Is a valuable by-product
It Is poor economy to stint on tho
Clean up the garden. Remove or
burn nil trash.
Alfalfa contnlns more protein per
ton than clover or corn.
There Is more profit In a grunting
pig than in a squealing one.
When common scours appear imme
diately reduce tho feed one-half.
Newfoundland has for severaP years
steadily increased its agricultural pro
duction. Switzerland is first and Belgium
second in tho interest taken in the
raising of bees.
To insure vigorous lambs careful at
tention must be given the ewes while
they aro carrying tho lambs,
A well bred steer calf, made into
beef as quickly as possible, yields a
fair profit on high priced land.
Inbreeding of bees Is as impractical
as Inbreeding of animals, but tho diffi
culty is in controlling the drones.
Farming is simply a business propo
sition. To be successful the farmer
must ran his farm on a business basis.
Tho raising of a couple of good
horse or mule colts on tho farm each
year does not call for an increased
Those who are feeding bundle corn
to their cattle must make arrange
ments to have hogs follow thorn or
tho waste will bo too great.
Tho farmer who marketed his corn
in tho hog yard and who is now mar
keting tho hogs, can look any roan In
tho face and tell him to go to any old
A standard division of the work on
any farm should be tho growth of
every crop which can help towards
the sustenance of the stock or the
Keep tho manure cleaned up well
around the barn yard and carried to
x tho fields, putting it on poor spots.
You will note a big difference in crops
It is better to sow nlfalfa late rather
than early in the spring. On well-prepared
land not more than six pounds
of good seed properly sown will be
called for per acre.
Dairying Is a good division of agri
culture to provide a regular incomo
on the farm and to convert coarse
feeds Into salable products where prof
its may bo made.
Autumn Is tho ideal season for hor
ticulture, and as tho farmer often has
no time to prune, spray and mulch the
trees in the spring, he Is now due to
get busy in the orchard.
It pays to buya well-made silo. A
poor ono Is expensive at any price.
Cement for this purpose is worthy of
consideration. Ono cannot afford to
make a mistake in silo building.
A cream soparator will not do its
best work unless It runs smoothly and
does not vibrato. That's where a
solid, concrete foundation comes In.
It also means longer Hfo for tho ma
chine. Winter feed must generate heat, and
tho colder the climate tho more atten
tion must be paid to this detail. Corn,
barley, peas, buckwheat, oil meal, po
tatoes and ryo all come in the list of
If plenty of bran Is fed, tho pigs will
sfddom become constipated. Much
phosphorous Is needed to grow a good
frame, and bran supplies considerable
of this, and tho addition of bonemeal
or ground phosphate rock will bo bene
ficial. A windmill with flvo widely sepa
rated vaneH has been adopted for Irri
gation purposes In Italy's new pos
sessions in Africa as tho only kind
that will withstand high winds and
at tho samo time work In light
Tho pure-bred bull has dono a great
deal to improve tho dairy herds of tho
mlddlo west All states, or at least
tho principal ones, are reporting an
increased dairy production and the
results may be traced to better cows,
not moro of them.
Feed tho cows regularly.
Comfortable hens pay woll.
Keep tho manuro cleaned up.
Good cowb aro always valuable.
Thero should bo moro puro-bred
Uso tho best breeding stock that you
Don't feed grain to warm horses.'
Give them hay first.
Feathers add materially to tho prof
Its of poultry raising.
Mistakes teach practical" lessons,
thnt Is when they are taken notice of.
Ground oats make an excellent grain
feed for tho fall calf Just learning to
The wlso feeder sees to it that Mr.
Hog Is dead at tho earliest profltablo
A clean pig sty, with a clenn trough,
Is a delight to tho pigs, and thoso
Potash Is soluble and manures that
aro exposed to rains loso this cloment
Tho most expensive policy Is to try
to savo feed by giving the cows less
than they can use.
Whole corn Is good feed for set
ting lions. Water, grit and dust baths
should also bo provided.
There are nearly G.000,000 acres of
waste land In this country which aro
cupablo of being cultivated.
A heifer's first lactation period
should be made as long as possible so
as to develop persistency In milking.
Be very slow In feeding new grain.
New grain Is a very poor horse feed
until after It has gono through the
The dairy farm managed along busi
ness lines has four sources of Incomo
butter fat, sklm-mllk, calves and
The best prico continues to be offer
ed for the finest quality of white goose
feathers, which are used in mattress
and pillow work.
Roosting stock on tho trees may
bo tho easiest method of caring for
hens, but It is not tho most profit
able by any means.
There Is no business in existence
that will guarantefe success to a man
who knows nothing about It, and
whose capital is limited.
Remember that lime never takes tho
nlaco of manure or fertilizer, but It
makes the fertilizer more effective,
acting better on the growing crops.
A sow should farrow two litters ol
pigs a year and raise seven or eight
at each litter. If she does not sho
should bo sold and ono bought that
In the south cowpeae nro most used
for cover crops, while in tho north
winter vetch takes its place. Sweet
clover Is gaining In popularity for this
If possible, put your cow barn on
the south slopo of a hill, where the
stalls can bo banked against north
winds and get all the benefit of tho
No man should forget that tho dairy
barn Is tho place where human food
that Is most susceptible to outsldo In
fluences is produced. Havo tho barn
In good condition.
Carrots and parsnips keep best if
stored In dry' sand, in a cool cellar. If
sand is not to bo had they should bo
loft In pita out of doors until freez
ing weather begins.
In planning for eurly pigs next
spring your plans should Include a
good clover field to turn them on as
soon as big enough to eat grass. In
such a combination thoro is a profit.
Thero Is no uso trying to work mir
acles with cows. A cow is a machlno,
in one senso, for turning feed Into
milk. Like all machines, It must bo
provided with the right sort of raw
Thero Is a fascination about breed
ing thoroughbred fowls that gives ono
satisfaction. When wo see tho results
of our trouble we do not regret tho
care and attention which good poultry
Whero tho shocks havo twisted part
ly down oi do not stand perfectly
straight, the fodder Is spoiling. It Is
becoming of less value each day, and
should bo stacked at onco to prevent
Somo of tho farm buildings will need
protection around tho foundation; or,
In other words, they should bo banked
up either with building paper or with
good coarso straw and manuro. This
Is Important whore thoro is nn oppor
tunity for drafts around tho founda
tion of tho building.
A little grooming or brushing will
havo a great Influenco on tho appear
anco of tho cow. A fow minutes spent
In this wny will pay largo dividends
in better looks and also in a greater
price of farm stock and hotter returns.
PURCHASING CHEAP HORSES IS EXPENSIVE
Pure-Bred Percheron Mareii
(By J. M. BEU)
Many people aro looking for bar
gains in horses and mules, especially
at this season of tho year.
Tho fnrmor thinks he enn, no doubt,
attend a public salo In the large cities
and "pick up something a llttlo soro
but just as good for work as a first
class animal." In this ho Is mistaken
as ho will soon find out.
The "bargains" aro all more or less
crippled In ono way or another and It
will bo well to remember that the old
saying that "Naturo never forgives an
lnjury,"f holds good most certainly
with horses and mules.
Spavins, ringbones, sido bones,
sweeny, narlcular lameless, sprung
knees, contracted heels, cocked ankles
and other similar ailments are fixtures
in 90 cases out of 100.
Tho writer has bought and sold
horses for over 30 years and can
hardly recall an incident whero ono
of the cripples has over been made
sorvlceably sound, much less actually
So the farmer can bear In mind the
LUNG DISEASE OF
Treatment for Broken Wind Can
Only Be Palliative Avoid
Dusty or Burnt Hay.
(By w. rt. Gii.nrcr.T.) .
Broken wind la the old-fashlonpd
namo given to tho chronic lung com
plaint, associated with difllcult breath
ing in which, in marked cases, the net
of expiration is performed by a double
effort, Inspiration being little, if at
all, removed from normal.
Wo havo only to look at a horse's
Hank to seo this double effort and ab
dominal breathing and press his
throat with tho fingers and thumb in
othor words to cough him, In order to
seo If ho Is broken winded or not.
Tho cough Is characteristic, spas
modic at first, but as tho disease ad
vances, becoming single, short and
suppressed. Tho trouble Is incurablo
and the treatment therefore can only
Tho difficulty in breathing increnses
whon tho stomach and bowels aro con
gested with food and water. Both are
to be given only In small quantities at
a time. Green food and cut grass
should bo fed at Intervals.
The food should always bo damp
ened with water. Dusty, or burnt hay
aro to be avoided as aro also chopped
straw and over-ripe ryo grass.
It Is a good plan to mix a quarter
of a pint of linseed meal oil with each
feed. Ab regards medicinal agents,
their action on broken wind can only
Every dealor has his specific for
this disease. Somo give tho animal n
pound of lard, or any sort of good fat
made into balls, while others glvo n
quantity of leaden shot. A subcutan
eous Injection of morphia many re
Thoso things do no permanent good
and tho palliative treatment, if care
fully carried out, Is of great bene
fit to tho poor animal and may bo
looked upon a3 tho only treatment for
a broken-winded horse.
OF ALFALFA EASY
Several Western Kansas Farm
ers Try New Method by Plant
ing Crop in Rows.
Tho seeding of alfalfa In rows to
mako cultivation posslblo is being
advised for parts of western Kansas
by W. Ai Hoys, demonstration agent
at Hays. Ho haa interested nine
men in this method of planting, and
has secured go mo good, up-land al
falfa seed. Ono hundred and fifty
acres will bo planted. Soma of the
seed will ho sown, broadcast, but most
of It will bo planted In rows. Even
If tho alfalfa doos not glvo high for
ago yields, us compared with yields
of lands adapted to growing alfalfa
by tho usual mothods, tho forage will
bo very acceptable to balance the
ration with rough feeds easily pro
duced In thlB territory. Mr. Boys
thinks that tho crop will be valuable,
also, In a rotation scheme for west
Good Ty pes for the Farm.
fact that whon ho buyB a "knocked
up" city horse, that ho is taking long
chances and ho had bettor pay a
decent price and get an animal that Is
perfectly sound, although the pur
chase price bo considerably more.
These sore, stiffened horses or mules
may do fairly good work on soft,
plowed ground but whon It comes to
using them on tho road for any pur
pose thoy do not fill tho bill and most
farmers have somo hauling on tho
thoroughfares nearly every month of
Thoro Is no reason why tho farmer
should not have n sound, well matched
team ono that can do tho regular
field work, do servlco on wood and
when the occasion requires, take tho
family to tho neighboring town or
church in proper style.
And nnothor thing, the hired man
takes llttlo Interest In working a mis
matched, foot sore team but much
prefers one that 1b sound and ono that
responds to good attention, which ho
Is generally Avllllng to bestow upon
PROFIT IN RAISING
HIGH GRADE SEEDS
An Ever-Increasing Demand for
Sweet Corn, Garden Peas and
Beans of Good Quality.
A letter sent from tho U. S. depart
ment of agriculture, division of publi
cations will bo of considerable Inter
est to those who follow In any degree
the raising of high grade seed.
Concerning sweot corn, garden peas
and beans it states there is much
profit In the raising of high grade
"Seed crops of sweet corn, garden
peas und beans of good quality are lu
over-Increasing demand and tho quan
tity needed yearly has become so
largo that tho seedmah Is obliged to
have the major portion of his stock
grown for him by othere.
"Within tho past few years thero
Iiub been an enormous increase In the
quantity of seeds produced for com
"This has been duo, In a largo
measure, to tho development of seed
growing and its handling as a busi
ness in the United States.
"Ono of tho largest oh theso busi
nesses uses buildings with an aggro
gate floor space of moro than 1C acres,
This space 13 much larger than wub
occupied by tho entire seed trade of
tho country only DO years ago.
"The quality also has vaUly lnv
proved. Ono of tho moBt encouraging
developments In tho growing of gar
den vogetablesi Is the increasing recog
nition of tho practical importance of
using pure und uniform stocks of
need whoso varietal characteristics
adapt them to distinct local conditions
and market requirements.
"Another consideration Is tho fact
that tho growing of seed crops of
these vegetables can be undertaken
without any radical chango In farm
practice or material Increaso In farm
"Theo conditions mako tho indus
try well worth tho uttontlon of far
mers who uro located whero soil and
climatic conditions aro favorable for
the best development of such soedB.
"However, tho rulslng of thoso veg
etables for seed crops Is iiot recom
mended for all clrcumstnnces, oven
when soil and cllmuto are Bultablo.
. "Tho farmer who contemplates un
dertaking seed crop farming will do
well to consider thoroughly tho many
elements which nter Into profits.
"Seedmon aro ofton able to place
contrnctfl for growing seed at very low
prices oven lower than that at which
grain of tho species can bo sold on
"Such a condition might bo duo to
any of several causos, but imually
rests on an over-supply or a demand
for an Inforlor product.
The general tendency now, howevor,
Is decidedly In tho othor direction, nnd
both seed dealers and seed growers
can do much by coopuratlon to furth
er this tendency.
Dealers should not buy by sample,
no mntter how good tho sumplo may
be, but should endeavor to limit his
supply to seed which ho knows was
grown from jiuro and truo stock seed
and, as fur as posslblo, to that which
was Bubject, whllo growing to his own
ROSES OF SILK,
CREPE, OR MUSLIN
HIGH IN FAVOR
IF two dollars and a half docs not
moan much to you, that Is, not so
much as av wondorful long-stcmmod
roso, you may supply yoursolf with tho
most approvod of decorations for muff
or coat. It will keep fresh for somo
timo In tho cool, moist nlr. nut It can
not stand tho dry heat of steam and
will bo a wreck aftor a matlnco or
muslcnlo or nny othor gathering lu
steam-heated rooms. Therefore, oven
very rich women affect tho long-stemmed
roso of silk, or crono or muslin,
bo cunningly mndo that it deceives tho
Silk roses aro liked bent, nnd a sin
gle half blown blossom mnkos a glori
ous ornament. They nro Bcontcd with
attar of roses, a lasting odor. No de
ception In this; It 1b tho real perfumo
of tho roso, as faBcinntlng to tho senso
of smell as tho roso Is to tho sight.
Dcop red, and pink roses are liked
for wear on tho Btreot, as much llko
naturo as nrtlflco can mako them, and
this is saying a great doal.
Certain manufacturers glvo their
wholo attention to the roso. Thoy
mako up all varieties nnd copy tho
natural model with amazing Hdollty.
Even in florists' shops ono sees arti
ficial roses, and thoy are for salo, bo
that ono may choose between nature
But manufacturers depart from na
ture's production and glvo us gnuzo
roses of gold and ailvor, ghoBtly crepe
roses, gorgeous velvet blossoms in
Btrnngo colorings for evening gowns,
and odd, richly colored feather rosoB;
but theso last aro rare.
Tho slnglo long-stommcd roso Is tho
fad in blossomB just now. But it can
not entirely replaco tho bouquet of
violets, tho cluster of orchids or tho
slnglo gardenia. Theso all havo their
devotees. Violets In which n slnglo
orchid, or n smnll roso, Is sot as tho
center of a round bouquet, nro great
favorites. All the flowers aro oftonor
soon in artificial than in natural blos
soms, and all aro scented.
IN SASHES nothing decidedly now
hns appeared, from the fact that
tho styles promoted early In the sea
son havo been successful nnd thoro is
no falling off lu demand for them.
Tho Roman striped glrdlo and shapod
girdles in silk remain favorites Top
cloth and silk dresBca of slmplo de
sign. Brocuded ribbons for moro pre
tentious, gowns, In tho richest of
weavos and most splendid of color
ings. For ovonlng fancy prlntod nnd plain
ribbons, bright brocades with velvet
and gold introduced in threads and
In touches of erabroldory.
Thrco oxamples arc shown in tho
picture hero of tho most popular gir
dles. That of rich brocade, In which
tho daisy design appears, is to bo
worn with a visiting dress or other
gown for high occasions. It Is finish
ed with a velvet covered buckle,
inado over a foundation. Tho overlap
ping end of tho girdle is gathered into
a rufllo nnd tho fastening of hooks
nnd oyes placed under It.
Tho glrdlo Ih to bo crushed about
the waist moro or less as tho wearer
chooses, as wldo girdles wrapped
about the body In oriontul fashion are
uulto as much tho vogue as narrow
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FOR THE BREAKFAST TABLE;
Knitted Jacket Strictly In Order nnd
One of the Most Comfortable
Tho nowost model for tho breakfast
Jacket is knitted in square filet effect
and hns doslgns similar to those usoil
with tho meah in that aort of thread
lace. Tho Jackot, which baB n straight
back and Btrnlght front, is composed
of flvo-inch crosB bands that soam un
dor tho nrmB and upon tho shoulder.
Tho Borles of round-about Btrlpn that
mako up tho straight sleeves, nro
Joined nt tho Inside of tho arms.
Whore tho Jacket enda, nt tho bnso of
tho hips, nnd down ito frontB, It i3 fin
ished with nn inch-wide border In
plain Btitch, tho samo used to form tho
wldo, turnod-bnek cuffn on tho threo
quartor sIcovcb and tho brond shawl
collar at tho nock. Tho bordering,
cuffs and collar aro usually of tho
samo shndo as tho loosoly knitted lin
ing of tho Jacket, which showe through
and contrasts with tho fllot meshoB of
tho outor Bldo. Dainty combinations
nro whlto fllot-knltted worsted lined
and trimmed with palo pink, bluo,
green, mnuvo or yellow, but more prac
tical aro the jackets in gray with black,
brown, maroon, ton-greon or purple.
Flowers for Muff.
To mako tho big muff of long-haired
fur look particularly chic, thoro should
bo affixed to ita front sidenear tho
center or near ono cornor a largo
bunch of flowerB,in velvet or darkest
toned rod, purplo or bluo, surrounded
by largo loavea of darkost green or
bronzo silk, volned nnd edged with
dullest silver or gold tlnsol threudB.
Both flowers nnd leavoB aro very flat
and aro pressed as much as posslblo
Into tho fur so thnt only at closo rango
cnu thoy bo distinctly discerned. If a.
long and broatt scarf In polt la worn.
that also may carry a bunch of match
ing flowers nnd foltngo, but thoy must
never bo prominent accessories op
worn upon nny but tho darkest of fure.
On nny wb,lto, yellow or gray polt,
thoso fabric exotics aro conspicuous
and consequently not smart looking. '
About tho only prediction that mil
liners aro making concerning tho hats
of tho near future Ib that we nro
slowly approaching a fashion for tho
"fez." ThlB la tho logical outcome of
tho close-fitting turbans thnt coma
well down over tho head and tight
nround tho fnco, bo far, two or thrco
models of "Fox" have appeared, ono
in ermine, one in chinchilla, nnd ono
In thnt now fur called "Borun Dukl."
Theso were tall and tlght-flttlng, tho
chinchilla model being untrimmed, tho
ermlno being docorntcd with llttlo
crcsccnt-shnpcd doslgns dono In talln
and tho hat of "Borun Dukl," relying
on Its distinct stripes for Its trimming
To Heal Chapped Skins.
Skins thnt have been chapped and
mndo rough by exposure can bo re
lieved by applying with a bit of old
linen a lotion consisting of ono ounco
of roso water, half an ounce of glycer
in, half a teaspoonful of borax and
thrco drops of benzoin.
New in Sashes
er girdles with overlapping- blouses,!
so long popular.
Tho glrdlo of black silk or ribbon
with flat loops and ono hanging" end
will do duty for occasions of different
sorts. Decorated with mndo flowors of
ribbon, It is pretty on afternoon nnd
reception gowns. Tho roses aro tack
ed on nnd easily removod, if one
wishes tho glrdlo to wear on tho
A wldo glrdlo made of folded rib
bon is designed distinctly for eve
ning wear. It Ib bound at tho sidea,
lu tho back and at tho front, whoro
It fastens under a llttlo bouquet of
Very wide, highly lustrous satla
ribbons (In a light weight) aro used
for such girdles. Tho folds are tacked
to placo on tho stays and between
thorn with silk thread In easy stitches.
They aro worn with bodices of laco
and not and filmy skirts of crepe or
chiffon and lace.
Theso girdles represent what tho.
shops havo to offer at present. Inas
much na thoro la a steady demand for
thorn, wo may bo euro thoy are found
satisfactory and vory utioful to their
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