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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 19, 1913)
DARK BLUE TAFFETA
THE BEST FOR THIS
EVEN among thoso who aro not slow
to adopt tho extremes of a now
inodo (when tho mode suits thoir in
dividual stylo) aro found many who
lhavo balked at tho present loosely
'hanging and somewhat incongruous
Hues in skirts nnd Jackets. They do
not suit certain types at all. On the
most fashionable of thoroughfares iu
Now York, and oven In fashion-loving
Paris, one sees a great number of
women who have insisted upon modi
fying tho present styles In order to
make them becoming.
But they have cleverly managed to
retain certain popular featuros, that
could be Introduced into their con
servative designs, by which they pay
For Morning and
ONCE, or even twlco In a while, we
seo a protty hat that does not havo
a soft crown. Such is tho sensible
and very shapely street hat covered
with silk and faced with velvet, which
la pictured here. Its brli lines are
especially good with the prevailing
modes in halrdresslng. There is a
little lift at tho front and a flara
turning upward at tho sides, where tho
brim widens. Tho sweep of these lines
reminds one, of a pair of wings, and
there Is a lot of Bnap nnd vigor in
hats of this kind.
,. American women llko tho "tailor
made" hat, that 1b, the practical,
simple hat for street wear. Just as they
lo tho tailored gown. Apparel of this
kind is better expression of thomsolves
than any other. Nothing can wean
them away from a devotion to ideals
of simplicity and finish In clothes to
bo worn on the street or for travel
ing. Handsome made wings (that is,
wings made of feathers selected by
the manufacturer) aro mounted at
each sldo. They are short and soft
nnd touched with vivid color. They
are to bo had In all sorts of colors
and color combinations.
Velvet facings are usually In white
or a soft pink. Bath theso and aome
of the new coral shades are very be
foomlng to their wearers. Facings and
if , V&Z'2r
duo respoct to tho edicts of fashion
nnd show that they aro cognizant of
all that is going on. There aro num
bers of stylish tallor-mado costumes
(in fact, moro than half of thoso soen
on tho promonade) that have no sug
gestion of tho fnshlonablo "slump," but
aro smart and pretty. More often
than not thero Is a llttlo drapory In
the skirt. Tho blouso is easy fitting
and usually made with a basquo. Bor
ders of fur finish tho collar, and cuffs
of tho sleoves. In many throe-tiered
skirts (with flat flouncos) either th6
lower or uppor flounce is edged with
a band of fur, tho same fur reappear
ing on the small, Jaunty hat or tho
Such a conservntlvo and charming
costume is shown here, made of taf
feta In ono of tho lovely dark bluo
shades. There is a bit of rich Per
sian silk In tho collar and a narrow
border of dark fur around it.
Tho hat, with facing of dark bluo
velvet, has n soft crown of the samo.
Tho brim is outlined with fur and tho
fancy fan ornament at tho sldo is
made of it.
A bag of black silk thread crocheted
and posed over a bluo silk lining,
makes a smart accessory. The throat
is open with blouso of soft croam laco
and bluo chiffon worn under tho
Such a costume must appeal to
women who realize that much drapery
and many furjjelows aro not for them.
A plump figure is almost ridiculous in
draperies nnd swathlngs that aro bun
glosomo and not any too easy to man
age on tho slenderest persons. Sho
is u wiso llttlo woman who does not
let tho mode run away with her Judg
ment, and, noting tho street clothes
on our parade grounds of fashion
thero aro a good many of her.
For Short Visit.
It ib called a "fortnight box" this
small trunk. Tho box has a special
compartment for shoos, and that tho
daintiest of footwear will not be;
scratched the compartment Is lined1
with canton flannel, says the New York
News. Specially shaped boxes are for
veils, handkerchiefs, neckwear and
hats, and thero is a soparato tray for
Effective Automobile Veil.
One of the new automobile veils is
made of marquisette in Persian colors
a blue ground, with red and green
figuring. It haB a square insert of
fine white net, of tho washable Bort,
which covers tho facq.
veils are marvelous for helping out the
A very pretty small hat of hatters'
plush, trimmed with a wreath of os
trich, finished with a pluuie,, amountB
to a means of carrying off a splendid
trimming. Tho shape is graceful in
itself but almost concealed by the
soft mnas of ostrich which surrounds
it. This is a hat for the visiting toi
lette, tho club meeting or reception,
tho afternoon tea and the carriage
ride. The model has been developed
in many colors with the body of the
hat in black or other dark, quiet color.
Ostrich in blue, white, ccral, "tango"
(which is a deep nasturtium shade),
and In vivid green havo all been used
on models of this kind.
Colors for tho body of costumes
and hats remain quiet and inconspicu
ous except for evening wear. It is in
trimmings that ono may lndulgo in gay
tones, and hero they are managed care
fully. This reaction to dark colors
makes a concourse of peoplo look rath
er somber. Tho dash of color In
plumes and flowers 1b a relief to the
Very tall standing feathers appear In
all sorts of millinery. Tho standing
plumo shown in the picture is modest
as to length and Just as It should bo
THE NORTH PLATTE
Don't bum tho straw.
Sheep aro good foragers.
Hogs suffer for the want of water.
For winter lambs the ewes should
00 bred In July.
Eggs In winter moan money and tho
lack of them meauB loss.
Good roads mean good schools;
good schools good citizenship.
Good roads bring tho producer and
consumer in personal contact.
Marketing tho nroductn nf Mm fo-
is of equal importance as their pro
duction. In order to obtnln eggs It is neces
sary to havo healthy, vigorous stock,
Butter churned too soft cannot bo
properly washed, and so contains a
great deal of buttermilk.
Turkeys should always bo allowed
free range because they are uuprollt
able when placed in confinement.
Considerable loss is occasipned on
many farms every year by allowing
.. w uecomo too ripe before, har
vesting. Ono bushel of oats, four pouuds of
rape, and a bushel of field peas makos
a splendid aero seeding for temporary
Cement has como to be regarded as
one of tho cheapest, as well as tho
best and most durable materials for
Regular careful milking permanent
ly improves tho animal as a milk pro
ducer, asldo from directly Increasing
the milk flow.
Cows should bo given all tho pure
water they can drink, not less than
twice a day. it haB a decided offect
upon the milk production.
A good cold weather protector or
storm door for the house, can be made
by tacking n piece of oilcloth, muslin
or rooting over tho screen door.
Beroro you rid the dairy herd-of the
"robber cow" make sure that sho Is
having a fair show by being supplied
with tho proper rations, care and shel
ter. Thero Is no better time than now to
get rid of the poorer cow. Feed 13 too
nign to waste it on cows that could
uuu pny meir ooard when feed
No other farm animal requires so
much kindness as tho dairy cow. Han
dling the heifer in a rouglmhod man
ner is an excellent way to make an
unruly, nervous cow.
The dairy farmer can raise hogs
cheaper than any ono else an J natural
ly moro important thnn tho cost of
feed this makes a better profit for
him from thlB one line.
When wo put blinds on tho bridle of
tho nervous horse we only add fuel to
tho flames. Do not forgot UiIb Im
portant fact when you go to work that
"fool horse" or that "onery cuss."
Your chickens requiro plenty of air
but not of the drafty kind. It In mimh
better to havo the whole sldo of your
house opon than to havo tho air
streaming in through a knothole.
To prevent bad flavors in butter
great care must bo used In milking,
in handling tho milk and cream, and
in making tho butter. Everything
used must bo kept In a sanitary con
dition. The White Holland turkoy although
somewhat smaller than tho Bronze, is
noted as a good layer and economical
meat producer, and their feathers are
worth considerable moro than thoso
from tho Bronze.
In developing tho pigs fo- brpedlng
ono should handle them rather differ
ently than when ho is feeding them
for market. Such pigs need feed rich-
ui iu luuiuiu, in inner words, moro
An aero of boII nlno inches deop, If
of ordinary fertility, Is eatlmnted to
weigh about 3.000,000 pounds, and
contains about 2,000 pounds of nltro
gent, 3,000 pounds of phosphoric acid
and C.000 pounds of potash.
When the now stock sow or boar is
received at tho farm, put by Itsolf for
a month or sIxweokB at least. If at
that tlmo it seema perfectly healthy
nnd has been Improving In (lesh. It Is
safe to put It with tho other stock.
This Is a safe preventive of tho In
'"",,",,ln" "f ilnaflo on tho farm
I Doil't crowrt Mm nnnll.-v
Doep plowing In tho tho fall.
Bapo has a high feeding vnluo.
Llino prevents poultry diseases.
Colts should bo weaned when flvo
Few hon houses are equipped with
enough nost boxes.
Kindness to live stock has n money
value often overlookod.
It Is beat to milk the cows In tho
bnm, een In hot weather.
A good cow should havo a good flow
of milk ton months out of twolvo.
- When proper care Is exercised tho
life of a poach tree Is from 12 to 10
Good roads In your vicinity add
to. tho selling price of tho products of
Tho amount of humus In tho soil In
dicates In grent nieasuro Its richness
In nitrogen. s
Keep tho horBes well cleaned, but re
member that you can bo cruel with
the curry comb.
Dlsposo of all the old unprofltablo
hens for they will only bo Drnflt out.
era during tho winter.
In fattening turkeys, better feod
lightly tho first ten days, gradually
Increasing thoir rations.
Nover work a team or colts together
until thoy are thoroughly broken, as
they will worn each other.
A handful of shelled grain Is always
more effective than a club in inducing
a pig to travel where you want IL
Tho poultry houses must be a sceno
of constant effort to provont Hco and
vermin from tbla tlmo until spring.
You cannot expect a cow to glvo
largo quantities of milk unless Bho has
plenty of feed and quantities of water.
Young trees heeled In over wlntnr
should bo In a location where water
cannot collect, and stand about tho
It Is not advisable to keep Uiq lato
hatched turkoys for breeders. Tho
moro mature the fowl tho hotter tho
In most localities tho building
should face tho south, as this insures
the greatest amount of sunlight dur
ing tho winter.
It Is all right to dehorn calves as
soon as tho button starts, either wjth
caustic potaBh ornny of tho prepared
Tlmo spent in clearing up at. or
chard In tho fall of tho year will bo
amply rowarded with better and
cleaner fruit tho next season.
Tho young heifer thnt Is not kept
growing, that Is not kept In good con
dition during tho early months of her
life will nover make up for it later.
The horso that is all tho tlmo bolntr
tapped with tho whip nover knows
what hla master means by It, nnd
comes to think ho means Just nothing.
Keep tho drinking fountains not
only well rinsed out, but from tlmo to
time wash off tho slime thnt will accu
mulate with sand, a rag an'd wanr
Wheat makes good hog feed, fully
equal pound for pound to corn, but It
should bo either ground or soaked.
The JiogB cannot make igood use of
wheat fed dry.
If you build hoppers to feed your
birds In this winter, build them In
such a raannor that there aro no
rough protrubences to Injnre tho
combs of the birds.
Tho season for studying tho feed
ration Ib nt hand. Bo suro thnt vou
fend your cattlo most economically
and In such a way that they can make
tho best ubc of their feed.
Sheep are very particular about tho
condition of their feed. They will not
touch hay that hns been nosed by
other stock, neither will they eat grain
over which rats or mlco havo played.
Did you know that ono-hair of an
egg is nutriment whllo only one
fourth of meat is so? Therefore It Is
easily seen that ono pound of circa
Is equal in food value to two pounds
Tho value of grains as poultry food,
and which they relish tho best, nro:
wheat, oats, corn, barloy and buck
wheat Hyo is of tho least value, and
fowls very seldom eat it, and then only
when very hungry.
Clean out tho orchard and plan to
let tho hogs or calves run In It next
year, If you cannot keop weeds down
The bottor plan Is to plow It up and
plant to somo crop that will not rob
tho Boll of tho elements needed for
tho fruit trees.
Immediately after dressing poultry
It should bo thrown In Ice-cold water
and allowed to remain until all tha
animal heat has left the body. Neglect
to do thlB Is apt to causo tho carcaBB
to turn green In parts by tho tlmo th.
destination la reached
SERUM CHECKS RAVAGES OF HOG CHOLERA
(Ily U M BUNNMNOTON )
During tho cholera epidemic of tho
fall of 1911 a farmer camo to Veter
inarian Hadly, of tho University of
Wisconsin, nnd wanted to know what
was tho mnttor with his hogs.
"It Is not cholera," ho declarod, "for
I had thnt on tho farm about ton ycarB
ago, and tho pigs behaved differently
"Walt a minute," declared Doctor
Hadly. "Boforo you go on I will tell
you tho symptoms of thoso nnlmnls.
Thoy exhibited a loss of nppo'tlte,
they woro chilled and trembled, their
tompornturo wns two to llvo degrees
nbovo normal, tho skin was scurvy,
and tho coat hard and dry, thoy hid
In tho litter and resented being dis
turbed, thoy walked Btlff nnd soro
and stood aboiit with their hind legB
crossed, they "
"How did you know that?" Inter
rupted tho farmer excitedly. "That
Ib Just what ailed my hogs."
nun ainipiy uuscnumg to you
tho symptoms of ncuto cholern. Tho
other tlmo your herd probably had
tho chronic form of tho disease; thero
is a groat dlfTerenco betweon tho two
Tho symptoms of cholera must us
ually bo conllrmcd by a post-mortom
oxamlnntion. Tho hog Is strung up
JuBt as It Is slaughtered for the but
cher and tho carcass oponed. If
cholera Is really present, tho lymph
glands will bo red nnd congested, tho
kidneys diseased, tho marrow of tho
backbone dark fo almost black, tho
lung3 congested nnd tho bowols show
ulcers nnd sores.
Serum a Preventive, Not a Cure.
The serum used In hog-cholera is
not a euro, but is Intended as a pro
ventlvo measure In case of an out
break, or where- an outbreak Is throat-
cned. In some cases hoes m.iv .
trnot Mm .llo.no.. .....1 ,n i,.r.. i.
.-... .,.. ..Uw..w UIIU UIU IIUIUIU UIU
A Sacrifice to 8clence. Hog In Crate
Heady for Immunization. He Has
Been Scrubbed and Clennsed- to
Berum has tlino to tnko offect; so It Is
very Important that tho treatment
should bo applied as early as nosalhln
Lin case the dlsenBo mokes It appear-
Somo conditions or dlseaBO which
rqsomblo cholera aro tuberculosis
although this dlseaso Is usually much
slower In its progress ordinary dlges
tlvo troubles duo to Improper feed
ing, or unsanitary surroundings und
thrax, pneumonia caused by duBt, cold
A hog can bo mado Immuno by
vaccinating with untl-hog-cholera
sorum. so ho will not take tho dlBoaso.
This Is called artlllclal Immunity, and
may last for a few weeks only, or
during tho llfo of tho animal, accord
ing to tho method used in tho vncclnn-
Hog-cholera serum ih nothing more
nor less than tho dofribluntod blood
of hyperimmunes, with tho propor
antiseptics added for preserving it,
and consists or u saturated solution
of nntlbodles to antagonize tho germ
There nro four ways or methods of
trnn-'ormlng an Immuno Into a-hypcr-Immuno.
Tho flrst way Is tho quick
subcutaneous method, Introducing bu!.
cutaneous!)- in tho legion of tho abdo
men ten cubic contli'ietcrB of virulent
blood to tho pound of llvewelght of tho
Tho objection to this method Ib thnt
a leakage may bo mado through the
needle wounds, owing to tho great
pressure produced by Mia Introduc
tion of Mich great quantities of blood'
undor tho skin causing abscesses.
Tho second way Is the slow sub
cutaneous method which has less radi
cal orfoct on tho hog, and Is loss likely,
to causo uuscosbob. It takes a longer
Umo to produco a hyperimmune than
tho first way. Administer doses or'
one, two nnd ono-half nnd flvo cubic
centimeters per pound of body weight?
soven to ten days apart, thus giving,
tho Immuno amplo tlmo to recoven
from the transitory effect produced.
Tho third way is known as thoj
abdominal method Introducing tho
virulent blood directly into tho peri
toneal cavity. Tho doso Is tho samo'
ub In tho Hrst way. Caro must bo
taken not to puncture tho bladder.,
This method Is best employed byt
suspending tho animal by tho bint!,
legs and allowing tho abdominal con
tents to rest on tho diaphragm, then'
Inserting tho ncodlo through tho wall
of tho abdomen about two or threc
Inchcs below tho anterior borders of
tho pubis, an Inch or two Insldo oq
tho medlnn lino to avoid puncturing,
of tho bluddor.
Tho fourth way by intravenous Iu4
Jectlon. Virulent blood ls Introduced'
directly Into tho circulation by way or'
tho ear-vein at ono doso. Flvo cubic:
contlmeters per pound aro prescribed.
It is difficult to reach tho yolns, bo-;
causo of tho coarse ears, and often
tho veins aro scarcely vlBlblo. How
over, this method la a trifle moro'
potent. A 1C0 pound hog requires C0
cubic ccntimotors of serum.
How the Serum Is Obtained.
Tho hog Is placed on tho tnblo and,
then washed, tho tall is thoroughly;
wnshod with tin antiseptic solution1
and luko-warm water and sonp. anfl!
'"" """ " "uu,v """" oi uicouoi.
preparing tho hog bottles aro-
washed and sterilized and covered
with a cloth which has -llso boon
sterilized. A piece' of tho tall la ampu
tated, and In this wny tho blood Ib
drawn from tho hog.
From u hog weighing 1G0 pounds
about threo plnta of serum is obtnlued'
at ono blooding. A hog can bo bled
four times before ho haB tojjo hyper
Immunlzcd again. Tho blood received
In this way Ib deflbrlnuted, nnd tho.
small amount of carbolic acid Is added
to prcBcrvo It, and does not injure lt
protecting power. Tho blood is thein
ready for uso.
A hog weighing 1R0 pounds will
yield from 00 to 100 doses of vncclno
at ono bleeding. A hog can bo bled
onco every eight or ton dnys, Tho
above are government directions.
After tho serum has been tentect
nnd found to bo pdtent, It Is put up
in bottles of thre sizes, Boaled and
stored In a cement cellar, whoro it
can bo kept at even temperature
Some Dangers to Be Avoided,
From tho fact that thero Is always
more or loss fever caused by vaccina-'
tldn, nnd moro or less danger of tho
animal becoming infected through tho
wound mado by tho necdlo of tho
syringe, tho following after treatment
Spnro diet for threo or four days,
especially of corn, but plenty of wa
ter, thoroughly clean and comfort
able pens with plenty of clean bed
ding, with absolutely no chanco to got
Into tho mud of nny kind. Tho moro
mud nnd dirt tho moro 'dangor. They
should not bo dipped or operated upon
for at least two weeks after vaccina
When tho dlseaso makes Its appear
unco in tho neighborhood, all the well
hogs should bo vaccinated, and all tho
sick hogB should bo destroyed and
burned, and should nny of tho vnc
clnnted hoga dovelop cholera, thoy
too, should bo destroyed nnd burned.
ThlB will prevent to a certain extent
tho Hproad of Infection. Among thu.
most convenient and efllclont ngenta
for destroying dlsease-germB rank
heat, solution of crcolln, carbolic acid.'
caustic soda or sulphate of copper,
furneB of chlorine, chloride or lime
Blako llmo, Hmo water and kerosene
oil. All straw, cobs and litter should bo
removed, and If cholera Is present,
binned, und a strong solution of somo
good coal-tar dip or crude carbolic'
acid, about ono part of tho dip to
twenty of water, used on all woodwork
and floor of tho pen.
Though hog-cholera Is not communi
cable to man, thoro Is dnngor of an
thrax, soptlc Infection and tubercu
losis. If a person has a soro on his
hand ho should not touch a dead aui
mnl. or If ho should receive a cut or
a scratch during tho examination, the
hand should bo placed In pure kcrc
sono at onco.
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