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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 12, 1913)
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THE NORTH PLATTE 8EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
SUMMER CARE OF THE EGGS
r2Tw& ST Al IfiHTFP OF.r " " ..
n KjP"! flj
kATE seems to hnvo decrood that,
In 1803, two great battles wore to
ho fought on tho Aniorlcan conti
nent, ono In tho cunt and tho
other In tho southeast.
Whether or not Futo decreed
thus, chance, accident and neces
sity, three elements that aro pres
ent In nil great military opera
tlons, combined to produce tho
onlHcts of Gottysburg und Chlcknmauga.
It Is n part of tho military history of tho
United States that neither Meado nor Leo
ii. tended that tho battle that was to decide tho
issues between tho opposing forces of tho
1'nlqn and the Confederacy in tho cast would
be fought at Gettysburg; 'but chanco and acci
dent, otherwlso Fato, docrced that it should,
bo decided there, and Gettysburg In a glorious
heritngo in which all Americans aro common
Sovcnty-llvo days after tho llamos of Get
tysburg, two great armies of Americans threw
themselves against each othor lllto thunder
uolts of death on tho banks of Chtckamaugn
creek, in the northwest comer of tho state of
Georgia, ton miles south of tho city of Chatta
jiooga, Tenn., and tho battloflold of Chlcka
nauga is a mournful but glorious testimonial
to American valor for all tlmo to como.
Llko tho conflict of Gottysburg, tho slaugh
tor of Chlckamauga wob duo largely, If not whol-
ly, to chanco and nccldont. Neither General
Itosecrans nor Gonoral Bragg, commanding tho
I'nlon and Confedorato forcos, respectively, un
derstood or expected that a battio would be
fought on that wooded plain,
Aftor tho Tullnhomu campaign of tho Union
nrmy In mjddlo Tennessee, which ended July 4,
3SC3, General Uragg moved tho army of Tonnes
boo to Chattanooga, Gonoral Itosecrans, about
tho first of August, began moving tho army of
tho Oumborlnnd to tho western slopes of thu
Cumbolnnd mountains with tho intention of
throwing Ills forcos across tho Lookout rango
Into tho Chattanooga torrltory.
Gonoral Rosocraus had established headquar
ters at Winchester, Tonn., for tho purpose of di
recting those military operations ngalnBt Chatta
nooga. Ills loft corps, under Cilttendon, was ut
aicMlnnvlllo, about fifty miles north of Winches
tor, but tho Bamo dlstanco from tho western
base of tho Cumborlands. Tho center of his lino
was nt Dcchord, under Gen. Georgo II. ThomuB,
who was destined to glorify his nnmo at Snod
grass Hill. McCook, commanding tho 20th corps,
was nt Winchester with Itosecrans. MInty's
cavalry wnB to tho left of Crittenden. K. M. Mc
Cook's division of Mitchell's cavalry corps wub on
tho right of tho 20th corps, Gonoral Shorldnn's
t vision early in tho month of August was ad
vanced to Bridgeport and Stovenson, Ala., on tho
Thomas and McCook woro sont through tho
mountains many miles south of Chattanooga,
Htrlklng tho valloy about forty miles south of
that city Crlttondon was dispatched to tho vi
cinity of Chattanooga, tho purposo bolng to on
gngo tho nttonUon of Iiragg until Thomas und
TUcCook could cross tho mountains and place
their corps botwoon Chattanooga and tho Con
federate baso of supplies to tho Bouth.
General Uragg, however, waH not to be
caught In such a trap. On tho night of Soptom
ber 7 and morning of Soptombor 8 ho quietly
evacuated Chattanooga, marching south to in
tercept Thomas and McCook, as thoy ciuno down
from tho mountains Into tho valley south of
Chlckamauga. Tho Confodorato plan of cam
paign Is clearly revealed in this movement. Gon
tiral Hragg saw an opportunity to ongago tho
"Union corps In detail and destroy thorn. Long
etroot was coming over from Ringgold, Ga.. with
heavy rolnforcomonts, having just reached that
point from Gottysburg. It was tho golden oppor
tunity for tho Confederates, but slipped through
Dragg'a hands by failuro on tho part of corps
fcommnnders to enrry out IiIb ordors.
General Crlttondon discovered that Iiragg had
tovneunted Chattanooga on tho morning of Sop
tombor 9, and immedlatoly occuplod tho city.
Through tho most unreliable information, Gon
oral noBecrans believed that Uragg whb in full
retreat on Homo, Ga, Acting upon thli Informa
tion ho ordorod pursuit through tho Pigeon moun
tains, Crittenden's corps, with the, exception of
ii garrison force, was sont aftor Hragg. Thoy
found him nt Loo & Gordon's mill, on Chlckn
mauga crook, preparing for battio, with tho
forces of ThomaB and McCook.
Thoro was now no ltngorlng doubt that n groat
battio was to bo fought on tho bunks of tho
Chlckamauga on tho morrow. On Soptombor IS,
which was Friday, Gonoral Iirnxton Uragg, realiz
ing that his plan to engngo his antagonists In do
tall had miscarried, ordored a movement of bin
nrmy down tho Chlckamauga to effect crossings
nt a numbor of bridges and fords Lnto on tho
ovonlng of tho 18th n sharp ongagomont occurred
at Alexander's bridge
Tho battloflold of Chlckamauga was n 'doiiBoly
wooded plain with an occasional olovntlon from
which the thunderbolts of war could bo hurled
from honvy artillery.
The visitor today to tho Hold, of Chlckamauga
Is wheeled along tho Lafayetto road, an old high
way, now well Improved by tho government, that
did ecrvlco buforo tho wor for tho country folk
I I Mil I $ A tt 't m?f aTV$
' Vl SAT Tires'. 7
VI II jg030EAW& I
&wav' 1 1
GAS V (P0HrtAl2Zri
of north Georgia. This road was the "dead lino"
in tho battio of Chlckamauga, If its dust, its
rocks and its tieoa could bo animated and en
dowed with tho power of speech, tho story thoy
could tell would turn into sickly romanco tho best
pages of heroic history. Tho strugglo for pos
session of this now historic highway was no Icsb
horole and deadly than tho numerous assaults and
ropulsos at Snodgrass Hill. Tho flamo of battio
swept tho forest on each sldo of tho road with n
fury thut no pon can desoilbo.
Practically all of tho first day of tho battle of
Chlckamauga was a contest for tho possession of
Lafayetto road. Tho sun wont down and dark
noss onvolopod tho field, leaving tho mighty hosts
still contending for tho highway. The Confed
erates had boon driving west all (Jay in an effort
to break tho Union lines and Lafayetto road be
camo tho "bloody lane" of Chlckamauga.
Tho blood of tho two armies still flowed when
night throw Kb shadows over tho Hold. Nolthor
had been victorious. No moro indescribably op
pressive spectacle can woll bo imagined than
night brought to tho two nrmtos. They wero so
closo togethor than tho groans .of tho wounded
and dying of both armies could bo plainly heard.
Tho field wn8 strown with tho unburlod dead.
By tho closo of the first day's fighting tho Con
fodorates had becomo tho aggressors. Their pur
poso wits plainly apparent, to break across La
fayotte rond and plorco tho Union linos, cutting
tho urmy in two sections, hopelessly dividing It,
and annihilating each section In dotnll
Not until church hells In Chattanooga woro
calling tho people to dlvlno worship did tho roar
of battio again resound throughout tho plain
Hut it came 'with a moro dendly roar than nny
which had swopt through the forest on Saturday.
Tho Union forces woro steadily driven back from
Lafayetto road, but doggedly hold their position
In Dyer and Kelley fields against every assault,
Inflicting heavy daraago on tho Confodorato col
umns. Through a Jumbling of field ordors, the
Kolloy Mold lino of the "Union forceB was weak
ou'etl, and LongBtroot drovo three divisions
ngnlnst tho wonkonod point. It was tho opportu
nity thnt had boon tho hopo of tho Confederates
all day. Rosetfrans, Crittenden nnd McCook were
caught In tho broak, Boparated from Thomas'
wing and retired to Chattanooga.
It Is not surprising thnt tho break tn tho linos
and doparturo of HoBCcrnna for Chattanooga dls
heartonod tho Union forces and lnsplrtcd tho Con
federates However, tho Confcdorntos had a
great commander to contond with In tho person
of Gon. George II. Thomaa, now tho "Hock of
Chlckamauga." As tho roar of battio swept
through Kelley field. It Boomed that tho Union
forcos woro doomed Snodgrass Hill rlsos somo
threo hundred feet high Immediately west of Kol
loy Held. Its eastern sldo Is precipitous and In
some placos rough
Gonoral Thomas rallied his men on Snodgrass
Hill, and hero occurred tho heaviest fighting of
tho entire engngemout
Tho host roglments of tho southorn nrmles
wero sent ngalnBt Thomas at Snodgrass Hill, to
bo shob to pieces on tho very breastworks of tho
Nonomy. Somo of tho, Confederate reglmonts lost
as high as 70 per cent, of tholr men tn their at
tempts to dislodge Thomas, whllo tho Union
reglmonts sufforod almost as hoavlly. Tho shouts
of tho living, mingled with tho groana of tho
dying and walls of tho wounded, mndo SnodgrasB
Hill n veritable Inferno of death
Not long ngo I stood on horseshoe summit, tho
crater of Snodgrnss Hill As far as tho oyo
could roach along tho ctost of tho ridge I saw
handsome monuments of marblo and bronze,
tributes of a grntoful people to tho valor of tholr
sonB. Hut theso memorials, emblazoned with tho
deeds of tho living nnd tho dead, carvod Into
them by tho chisel of an artist, did not ImprosB
mo bo profoundly as what I snw through tho gray
mists of fifty years. I allowod my mind to go
back, and I saw as horole a display of human
courngo as tho world over wltnossod. Tho roar
Practice of Holding Product for High
er Market Price In Autumn Re
sults In Serious Loos.
(Dy N. E. CHAPMAN. Extension Poultry
Specialist, University Farm, St. Paul,
In tho summer months, oggs nhould
receive tho samo caro and considera
tion as swoot milk nnd cream, and bo
markoted dally, if possible. They
should not bo exposed to draughts of
warm air, and should bo protected
from tho rayB of tho sun nnd from
molsturo, in handling, marketing and
shipping. Tho common practice of
holding eggs for a higher market price
In autumn results in poor quality and
serious losg instead of gain, tinder
ordinary farm conditions, eggs should
nover bo held. Tho farmer, however,
is not tho only one responsiblo for tho
ohranken oggs on tho market. Coun
try merchants have been equally
blamable for tho annual loss.
A fresh egg will absorb odors as
readily as fresh milk. Mustincss or
moldy growth In egg cases or fillers
will taint the egg and lower Its qual
ity. Eggs should not bo stored In musty
cellars, or In rooms with fruit, vege
tables or fish.
Tho flockshould never bo allowed
to drink filthy water, bo fed musty
grains or strong-flavored vegotablps,
as onions and garlic, or given access
to decaying meat or substances that
will flavor tho product and Impair Kb
ADVICE CANT BE FOLLOWED
of battio swept through Kelley field. Then there
camo ono of those mysterious and unexpected
lulls In tho storm, but It was merely gathering
force for the climax of n hurricane that had
raged In the forest along Chjckamauga creek for
two dnys. It was soon to break again, and its
lightnings wero next to flash around horseshoe
summit, whero I was standing. I saw the ad
vancing Confederate legions sweeping all before
thorn across the open plain In my front. Long
Btroot hud driven his brigades through the Union
lines nnd .swept the right wing of Rosecrans'
army from' tho field In wild disorder. "Wheeling
IiIb forces he started for Thomas in command of
tho left wing. If Thomas could bo routed, a vic
tory for Confederate arms was assured that
would shako tho nation to its foundations. Next
I behold the bravo General Hrannan rallying the
romnants of n half dozon brigades on Snodgrnss
Hill. Goneral Thomas was marshalling his shat
torod forcos for a reslstanco that placed his name
high In tho esteem of tho nation.
Before I could grasp the meaning of the whirl
and tho rush of tho regiments, Snodgrnss Hill
had been converted Into a citadel of defense from
which tho thunderbolts of Iron could be hurled
against tho advancing foe. I looked again and 1
saw Longstreet's Confederates scaling tho side
of tho hill with majestic tread. Then 1 saw a
shoot of flamo burst from the Union linos on the
crest of the hill, full In the faces of the advancing
Confodorntes. No troops could stand in that
Btorm of lead They halted, dazed and deadened
by tho awful carnago. Their lines gave way,
only to bo re-formed at the foot of the ridge for
anothor charge. I saw the flags of Mississippi
Alabama and Georgia, South Carolina nnd Vir
ginia, and tho lono star of Texas flashing do
flanco at tho foe on tho summit of the hill. An
othor charge Into tho faco of a deadly volley and
another retreat to tho foot of the rldgo! Will
they nover desist In their mad attempt to scale
tho rldgo? Now, I saw somo of the Confederate
standards on the crest of tho hill, and men In
hand-to-hand combat. They piled the dead In
tho trenches and fought over their bodies. Hut,
again I saw Gordon, Granger and Steedman come
to tho rollef of tho Union defenders with fresh
troops, and tho Confederates woro hurled, maim
ed and shattered, from tho vantage point they
had gained by superhuman effort and undaunted
courage. Tho sldo of. the rldgo was strown with
the dead and wounded. Bursting shells had ig
nited tho dry leaves of tho forest and bodieB wero
scorched and blackened by flame and smoko.
At last, as tho sun was sinking behind Lookout
Mountain, throwing dark and spectral shadows
across tho plain upon which ono of tho greatest
tragedies of modern or ancient wnrfaro had Juat
boon onncted, General Thomaa withdrew his
forces undor orders from Snodgrass Hill, leaving
tho bloody flold of Chlckamauga In possession of
vtho battered but shouting Confederate legions
aftor two days or lighting that has nover been
excelled In tho history of warB. Tho Confeder
ates wero tho victors at Chlckamauga, but Rose
crans and Thomas got tholr army to Chattanooga
In safety, a fact that has boomed to make honors
What followed tho carnage at Snodgrass Hill
Jb history Gonoral Hragg hesitated, ho faltered,
he lost. Every commander of a division undor
htm on that fateful field oxpected to hear every
mlnuto an order to follo Thomns nnd clinch the
victory; hut tho order nover camo, Thomas
reached Chattanooga In safety nnd soon aftor
succeeded Rosocrnns In command Tho long
siege of Chattanooga followed, with which rend
ers of war history ore familiar
Chlckamauga was the bloodiest two-dayB bat
tio of history. Tho forces wore about equal In
numbers. Much controversy hnB from time to
time arisen ovor Chlckamauga statistics, but from
tho best obtainable Information tho total strength
of ench army was a little to tho rlso of 50,000
men, making tho number actually engnged some
thing moro than 100,000. Tho casualties wero
about ub follows:
Confederate; Killed, 2,268; wounded, 13,613;
missing. 1,090; nggregato, 16.971.
Union; Killed, 1.650; wounded, 9,749; missing,
4,77t; aggregate, 10,179.
Those deadly figures show that tho agrgognte
slaughter at Chlckamauga was 33,150, Including
dead, wounded and missing tn both armies.
Impossible to Have Egg Layers Alone,
Consequently Farmers Must Keep
General Purpose Fowl.
Tho advice Ib given generally to se
lect an egg breed for egg production,
but on tho average this advico cannot
bo followed very well, as the principal
egg breeds, Leghorns, Anconas and
Minorcas are poor mothers and can
scarcely bo kept to advantage unless
Incubators and brooders are employed
In raising tho chickens. Consequent
ly a majority of farmers and back
yard poultry men aro forced to keep
a general purposo breed. Of theso
the Barred Plymouth Rock, tho "Wyan
dotte, the Rhode Island Red and tho
Orpington aro all deservedly popular.
Far too many flocks of mixed fowls
or mongrolB are kept. These are less
profitablo than the pure bred birds.
Eggs uniform in color and slzo aro
lit; s-&r 'n
What's the first thins peoplo say
When a man (joes wrong?
There tH one conclusion thoy
Who make up the thronij
Always BtralRhtway como to when
Any mun goes tumbling down.
When ho robs his fellow men.
When tho ones who praised him frown
When his honor nnd his pride
End In bitterness nnd shamcf,
Do we not at once decide
That somo woman was to blamo?
Whrfn a Christian falls from grace
All tho world declares
There's a womnn In tho cnBo
Who has spread her snures:
When a banker flees we know,
Though her name may not bo heard.
That some woman brought him low,
And vo pass along tho word.
For the wrongs men do, tho shame
That thoy have to bear who fall
Woman nlways gets tho blame,
Woman Is behind It nil.
But when somo man rlies high.
When he wins applause,
When for him tho banners Hy,
Do we guess the cause?
Do wo tell each other then
That somo woman made him great.
That for her ho roso o'or men.
Tolling early, striving lnte7
Vet, without her who would win.
Who would caro to do his best?
Why blame woman for tho sin
And withhold from her tho rest?
'That Old Dispute.
"Well, after all," she said, "you
men can't get around one fact when
you try to make out that man is
woman's intellectual superior. You
admit that it was a woman who caus
ed tho first man's downfall. Now, if
that doesn't show intellectual supe
riority on the part of tho lady, I'd
like to know why. If tho man had
been above her mentally, how 'could
she have accomplished his over
throw? If ho was hor superior why
"Pardon mo," tho man Interrupted,
"you haven't started quite far enough
back. As in all such cases, there waB
another fellow around to puthor up
After which she scorned him and
entered into conversation with a boy
at the other pldo of tho room.
Prlze-Wlnnlng Plymouth Rock Pullet
worth moro in the markets than eggs
mixed in color and slzo. Tho samo
principle holds true when any con
siderable quantity of markot poultry
1g to bo disposed of. Then, too, tho
farmor with a good flock of pure bred
birds can always soil oggs for hatch
tag at a considerable increase ovor tho
prdlnary market price for tablo oggs,
nnd in tho fall many of tho surplus
cockerels can bo sold to good advant
age for breeders.
There 1b one word which poultry
men must nevor forget nnd that Ib
cleanliness. Without it failure is cer
tain. The ammonia fumes from drop
pings left under tho roosts aro sure
to produco roup and throat troubles
which are particularly fatal. Lice
will breed and thrive in filth, and will
ruin your flock in a Bhort time, unless
"Well," said Mrs. Kaflippe, "I guess
that Mrs. Jordan who moved around
tho corner from us last spring and has
nover been at home when tho neigh
bors hnvo called will not bo so stuck
up aftor this!"
"Why?" her dear friend asked.
"Their girl thought tho house was
aflro yrstorday morning, and beforo
the mistake was discovered tho men
who hurried In had set the awfullest
lot of cheap bric-a-brao and shodd:
furnituro I ever saw out on tho lawi
whero overybody could examine it."
Keep Chicks In Yard.
The beBt way is to kcop tho chicks
In a ynrd that Ib enclosed with poultry
netting until the are fully feathered
out. In this manner thoy aro at hand
when you want them and aro not
roaming off and getting lost. This will
also keep thorn from bolng killed by
cats, dogs, etc.
Dark Colored Eggs.
Tho color of tho eggs sold today aro
considerably darker thnn thoy avor
ogod 3Q years ago, all of which proves
that Asiatic blood has boon largoly in
troduced throughout tho country, and
that It haB Its offoot on tho egg.
The Other Fellow's Argument.
We argued In the morning,
Wo argued1 Into nt night:
1 tried my best to show him '
Tho wrong way nnd tho right;
'Twaa fair advico I gave him, '
I kindly sought 'to savo him,
To lead him to tho, light.
How can thoy seo who blindly
Refuse to ope their eyes?
Headstrong, ho thought mo foolish
And fancied he was wise:
Today ho still goes thinking
That I fornooth am xtnklng
In depths whore error llos.
It Still Holds Good.
"They say." said tho old man. "that
It 1b an exploded thoory that fish la
food for tho brain "
"Don't you believe It,' replied his
grandson, who had succeeded In gut
ting hnlf-wny through college before
they oxpollcd him for hozlng. "Don't
you believe it I've always et lots of
fish, and look at mo!"
Late Hatched Chicks.
Lato hutched chlcka are moro apt to
suffer from tho big head louso than the
early ones. If tho youngs torn look
droopy protty buto thing that tho louso
Is busy. Little swoet oil on tho top of
the hood will relievo them.
Just n Supposition.
"What do you supposo your mother
would think If oho know I kissed
"I supposo alio would wondor if we
had agrood upon a dato for tho wedding."
"Pa, what's a falsa prophet?"
"A man who gots me to take din
ner with him downtown nnd snya
your mother won't caro, he.n I ex
plain that it was all In tho llnoof business."
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