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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 13, 1913)
An Outdoor Birthday Party.
How children do love parties, birth
day parties especially, and every
child 1b entitled to one day out of the
year for his or her very own, and of
course this Is the natal day. I won
der If mothers realize they are mak
ing history and how very short the
time will bo when these wee tots will
bo saying: "When I was little we did
so and so." I am reminded of an eld
erly woman who always counts back
to her sixth birthday and the sake
which she chose for the occasion was
"roll Jelly." The young mother waB
not an expert cook but she bad prom
ised tho child she would chose the
kind of cako sho wanted, and, let mo
add, she made it, and it was glorious
In tho child's oyea and haB gone down
into tho annals of a happy life with
many a birthday cake and a party.
Remember, children are the most
satisfactory of nil guests, the very
fact of dressing and going to a party
and bringing homo the spoils is bliss.
Provido little baskets of dainty tissue
paper bags in which to put the favors
nnd candles, and even the cake, for
tomo kiddies love to take samples
Now for the party. We will need
a lawn, somo trees and a big porch
and then with these accessories there
must be a big bowl of lemonade on
hand under a Japanese umbrella, the
stake or handle being driven into the
ground. Children are nlways thirsty
and this will prevent them from run
ning Into tho house for, a drink every
five minutes. Hide animal crackers
over tho grounds and tell the guests
there ia a whole menagerie hidden un
der tho bushes, in tho grass and even
in the benches of the trees; give each
ono a paper bag in which to put the
game and give a little prize to tho
one who finds tho most. A small flag
may bo hidden and that will make an
other hunt, the gay little "stars and
stripes" being pinned on the lucky
Tho "eats" will be tho climax of tho
party and the cako should be lighted
with duo ceremony and the children
allowed to blow out the candles. Cun
ning favors are made by- sticking ani
mal crackers together with icing, and
thus made they will stand upright at
each plate. Delicious small cookies
may bo ornamented with daisies made
from blanched almonds, the stem and
leaves of angelica! fasten them on
Snapping motto caps always give
pleasure and sometimes tho Christ
mas tree sparkles are obtainable at
this season and they are lovely set to
going outdoors and are not harmful.
Ice cream may be served in orange
halves, thuB making baskets with
smilax for handles. Orange ice is very
good served this way and is not so
rich as ice cream. The party sta
tionery that comoB for parties, is a
Joy to ubo for tho invitations and the
"Sunbonnet" baby cards are attrac
tive also. The "Ave and ten" cent
One Material Is Used in
These Dresses From Vienna
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Models show the use of one material
df6es aro of old rose cotton crepe with
store will furnish any number of trifles
for a fish pond if ono cares for this,
or for a grab bag, or bettor still, for.
a "fairy tree." Tlo tho parcels onto
the low branches and lot each child
clip off ono with a pair of scissors.
Anything that makes for mystery 1b
an adjunct to a child's party.
Children and oven grownups enjoy
after-dinner tricks and I giro theso
Just as they camo to mo. They nro all
to be performed with candles. I have
not hod tlnio to try them. Perhaps
some of you will ho kind enough to
write mo If they aro any good. You
could use them as nn adjunct to a
bazar, performing them in a separato
booth with curtains hung at the door
to glvo an air of mystery, and charge
a penny to get in. Of course, this is
all to bo dono by young people, as It
1b within their possibilities.
Put a nail In tho end of a candlo and
set It all in a glass filled with water.
Tbo nail will steady the candle, which
will burn until nothing remains, al
ways rising above tho surface of tbo
water by reason of the decrease in
Take a small picture cut from a pa
per or book, and wrap It tightly
around a candlo. Light a match or
another candle nnd hold tho Ilamo
near until the paper becomes trans
parent. Unwrap tho papor, and every
ono will bo astonished to find the pic
ture printed on the candle.
Put a candlo unlighted In a basin
of water. Let several try to take it
out with their mouths, not touching
the candlo with their hands. Every
one will fail. Then you put your faco
in tho water, and, when your mouth 1b
near the end of the candle, draw In a
deep breath, and the Buction of tho
water will draw tho candlo into your
Allow somo drops from a lighted
candlo to fall into a basin of cold wa
ter. This grease will form flowers.
String these on a wire with green
leaves made from paper, and an In
teresting plant will bo the result.
Heat a pleco of wire and stick it
crosswlso through the middle of a
candle. Make a wick at both ends.
Balance tho candle on two tumblers.
Light the wicks, and the dropping
of tho candlo grease will make tho
candlo see-saw, faster and faster as
the llame grows hotter. This is a
Pastimes For Outdoor Parties.
Did you eveVy try "Blowing the
Cone?" Tho youngsters will lovo it.
Make a large cone of Btiff paper and
slip it on a string stretched between
two trees about three feet from the
Give each child a try to see If by
blowing into the largo end of tho
cone they can send it across tho
string. The art Is to seo who can
send it over with tho fewest "blows."
Another very good amusement 1b to
tie a knot in a clothes lino and stretch
it conveniently high between two
trees or posts, blindfold each child in
turn and give him three clothes pins.
Then see who can come tho nearest
the knot. Each pin is marked with
tho player's number; for Instance,
three will bo marked "I," three "2,"
etc. This gives each ono three trials.
It the party is a large ono it will bo
best to let each child have just ono
pin and Instead of numbering tho
clothespins could have colored ribbons
tied to them, each child to remember
his or her color.
When Darning Stockings.
Use a whito china egg as a mending
ball for black stockings and a black
one for white stockings. This will
prevent eye strain.
.'"-' li.-rtiftiYn-0-'' "'"'''
for the entire drees. All three
Cowa must have salt.
Don't keep Irritating dogs.
Uso caro In tho cow's ration.
Sheep help rid farms of weeds.
Brooder lamps should bo cleaned
Chicks should not bo red until they
are 36 hours old. '
Every homo should have an nbund
nnco of Btrawberries.
Powder tho chicks occasionally dur
ing tho first eight weeks.
Experience is of more vnluo than
capital In poultry raising.
The specialist succeeds in nuy lino,
of business, whilo others are failing
Plowing Is at best tho hardest
won; our farm horses have to per
form. An orchard, if you havo one. is tho
very best place in which you can raise
Cornstalks aro valuublo as a fer
tilizer nnd should be left on tho field
A field of corn after It Is a few
feet high makes an Ideal place to
raise chicks in.
A few strips of tilo will often turn
a mud holo Into the most productive
spot on the farm.
An egg may be fertile nnd hatch
and still tho chick will not live bo
, causo of lack of vitality.
In cold weather place from ton to
thirteen eggs under the hen; in warm
weather from thirteen to fifteen.
Tho toop for hen and chicks should
he well ventilated, easy to clean, and
of sufficient proportions to insure com
fort. Eggs from hens that have made a
fair showing in laying this winter will
be more fertile than those that did
It may not pay to keep any very
great surplus of corn In the cribs, yet
It Is sometimes mighty comforting to
know that it is there.
Scarcity of stock cattle of all kinds
and high prices asked and offered 1b
a common local condition reported
from tho corn belt states.
When moss creeps Into tho mead
ows and pastures they need' to bo
broken up and tho soil exposed to
tho sun and air before reseedlng.
Raspberries produco good crops In
tho 'snmo soil lor year, while straw
berries produco their beet crops the
first year they come Into full bearing.
As a rulo, the cause of a flock being
unprofitable lies largely with tho
' keeper and tho caro they receive
rather than a superiority of one breed
By raising standard-bred poultrv
ono will bo able to sell stock nnd
eggB for breeding purposes, nnd get
much better prices than when sellh.g
eggs and fowls for food only.
Busy hens are not only tho best
egg producers, but their eggs show
tho best fertility. In order to keep
them engaged at work atrow tho floor
of tho pen with hay or straw nnd
scatter tho grain in this.
One of tho safo things to tie 'o
on tho fnrm 1b a good brood sow -pure-bred.
In a few years she nnd
her offspring, If properly cared for,
will put many dollars Into tbo pock
ets of tho farmers of tho country.
Hens prefer tho morning sun to tho
afternoon sun when they cannot havo
both. Therefore, arrange to open a
window in tho east end of tho hen
house when bad wcathor does noi per
mit of the entire south sldo b ing
Tho laat United Stntos census n!"WP
thnt thoro are'307,70G women farmers
in this country. Tho numbor dan
gnlned since tho census wae taken and
promises to Increase. Many vwvnon
have homusteadod claims in all t the
western states una havo made hue
cesses of farming.
If jour supply of manure Is limited
and it is fine in texture better make
application after plowing rather than
before. It mu,y pay to uso part of tho
manuro In tho hills, especially for
such plants as eggplants, tomatoes,
cucumbers, melons, muskmeloiiH nnd
lima beans. Manuro used in hills
pbould always be fairly well decayed
Test all hatching eggs.
Keep tho cnlvcB palls clean,
Somo bows are kept too long.
Inattention produces bad results.
Use insect powder freely to extermi
Green bono is very rich In phoB
pliuto of ltmo.
Not enough caro 1b given to teach
ing coltB to work.
A well-ventllntcd collar 1b tho bcBt
placo to opernto tho Incubator.
Tho modern farm buildings should
bo so arranged thnt they will bo rnt
Boost tho ncro yield, cut down ou
the acres, and so solve tho hired help
Well-drained yards and pons will
help to keep tho hogB moro thrifty nnd
Tho peach tree responds more
quickly to good treatment than any
other fruit tree. ,
Shallow cultivation following doep
plowing precedes clean fields nud
Norway spruco trees inako a good
windbreak, nnd right now Is a good
time to plant them.
Whole corn Is a good feed for sit
ting hens. Water, grit, and dust bnthB
should also bo provided.
Beans nro very BUBcoptlblo to frost
nnd should never bo planted until all
danger from that source Is pnBt.
New planting of blackberries, rasp
berries, currants or gooBoborrles may
now be made. Cut back tho plants.
In Europo cows Bervo n triple pur
pose. They nro used for the produc
tion of milk and meat and for draft
Trees and smnll fruits generally like
application of ashes nnd bono duat.
By fertilizing liberally good crops may
Pure-breds should bo culled as well
as tho grades. Many poor producers
result from tho Idea that a pure-bred
Ib without flaws.
Be careful of tho ration of a dry
cow Every pound lost In flesh boforo
calving time will bo taken out of tho
next milking period.
Tho enrly bird catches tho worm,
and tho first hen out for feed nnd
last on the roost with n full crop Is
the ono to depend on for eggs.
The nntlvo wild hlghbiiBli crunborry,
dogwood, Juneberry, black haw, and
wild grape all mnko good plants (or
the home yard If properly Bet,
Improved Implements will do much
to Increnso tho efficiency of tho men
on tho fnrm and will nt the snmo lime
IncrenBo tho protfuctivo capacity of
For average yields It has been esti
mated that it takes -100 totiB of water
to grow a clover crop; for corn It
tnkes liOO tons; oats, 37G tons, and po
tatoes, -150 tons.
There Is llttlo doubt that tho Incu
bator lias not always been given the
credit it deserves for having brought
tho poultry Industry up to Its present
Where nlfalfn hay Is fed ns the
roughage part of a ration for farm
horses nt hard work, less grain le
necessary to prevent thorn from losing
weight than where timothy liny Is fed.
In the case where cowpea hay and
sllngo are fed together, thoro Is no
question but that better results would
ensuo were alfalfa hay used instead
of tho cowpea roughage for this pur
pose. Tho cowb that gives fifteen quarts
every milking, nnd kicks over tho
pall as sho Is being stripped, Is like
n good many peoplo whoso good In
tentions and virtues are spoiled by one
A breeding sow should have plenty
of nourishing food, such food as will
cause a healthy growth and develop
ment without Inducing tho laying on
of surplus fat, as n fat sow often has
difficulty in farrowing.
Top-working iipplo trees may bo done
.now. Try Hotting a row grafts. It Is
not a very difficult operation and It le
always Interesting to watch tho n
suits. Muny worthless seeding thnl
me hnrdy may bo changed to bo good
Tomatoes aro best grown upon sin
gl,o stalks. All suckers should bo kept
off, allowing only tho original stotn to
grow, and this should bo tied to a
stake. This prevents rat, and mukou
better fruit. Dwarf, inodlum&Ied va
rieties give the best results.
Tho mowing machine that chuga
under ordinary conditions Is sadly In
need of attention. In nlno cuhob out
of ton tho fault will be found In ono
or tho othor or both of tho cutting
edges. Tho sickle may ho dull or tho
edges worn off the lodger plates. It
io only a half remedy to shnrpon the
sickle and leave the dull ledger
LiibMiiijbi&--i: -rirJw' .vj
Two-Year-Old Percheron 8talllon.
Tho breeding of heavy draft horses
Is ono of tho most profltablo branches
of llvo Btock farming. Few farmers
realize tho Importance of bIzo in a
draft hor8o when put on tho market,
either In public or prlvato Halo. A
horao thnt weighs less than 1,500
poundB Is not considered n draft horso
In any of tho horse markets of the
country, yet tho mnrcB kept on tho or
dinary farms nro usunlly lighter than
that. ThlB accounts for tho small,
scrubby lot of horses that aro con
Btnntly being put on the market at a
loss to tho brooder.
This was well Illustrated at a salo of
grado horses recently held In tho La
mer salo barns at Snllnn, oayB tho
Kansas Industrialist. Hero tho horses
of good slzo woro readily bought at
good prices, whilo some of the lighter
ones could scarcely bo Bold nt any
prlco, Thoro Is an Increasing demand
for honvy draft horses In tho cities in
spito of tho fnct thnt ninny HnnB aro
using tho motor truck In their delivery
work. Tho motor truck can bo used
profitably only on long, heavy hauls
whero tho roads a.ro good nnd speed Is
essential. Tho motor requires good
roadB for Its best operation and can
bo UBcd to ndvnntago only In tho
pnvod BtrootB of tho city or on good
country roadB. Theso romurks woro
mndo recently by the mnnagor of a
largo express company nt Chicago.
Tho delivery manngor of a big pack
Ing company at Kunsas City, Bays that
tho motor truck cannot bo used on
short delivery on account of tho heavy
IN STRAW STACKS
Unless Ground Is Reasonably
Fertile One Should Not Ex
pect Satisfactory Results.
Yenra and yenrB ago potatoes wore
grown In old straw stacks, and this
suggested hauling out straw to cover
tho ground no matter whore tho pota
toes woro planted. 1 havo hoard a
great innny prnlso this plan, 'while
others give It as a Hat failure. I havo
tried It with bucccsb, ' and in Bomo
cases havo failed, but In that failure
learned the causo thereof.
Ono cannot control tho Benson, and
for this reason, early potatoes in
straw hnvo been an Indifferent suc
cess, whilo those planted later, are
nlmost nlwnys better than when given
cultivation nnd the straw not used,
If wo havo a cold, wot spring, potatoes
planted In u deep furrow under straw,
aro not likely to do well, whilo If they
nro planted a little later, when tho
sun Is warm, they will not lack for
moisture., and tho potnto must havo
I prepare Iho ground nnd lay oft
rows with a single shovel just as if
I were going to plant In tho regular
way except that the rows muy bo
soma closer together. The potatoes
aro then dropped In tho row, and bare
ly covered, so that In somo cascu ono
side of the pleco shows. It Is often'
as well not to cover with dirt at all,
but it is safer in case of dry weather
to cover a llttlo.
Then with a wognu haul out oat or
wheat Htraw and covor tho ground
solidly to a depth of six Indies or a
foot. Never fear, for the potatoes,
they will como through tho straw, and
bo will nettles which nro akin to the
potnto vino in this respect, but other
weeds will bo smothered, nud the patch
will bo perfectly clean except for
tho rows of green potato vlneB. It
will not ho necessary to cultivate with
either plow or hoe', nnd If a few bull
nettiiiH should be found they may
be cut off with a blado. Tho potatoes
will form right at tho top of the
ground and In tho lower layer of
etraw. There will be some elements
of fertility in the rotting straw, but
unless the ground Is reasonably fertile
ono should not expect any bettor in
sults from this plan than by cultivat
ing At digging time begin on one side,
fork tho Btruw over and pick up the
potatoes, thou take the next row fork
ing tho utraw from it over on the row
that hus JuBt boon dug or rathor
picked. Tho potatoos will bo whito
and clean, and you will got all of them,
whereas by tho old method of culti
vation and digging among the weeds
as high your head you get maybe not
more thun half.
FOR HEAVY HORSES
expense of operation, Tho motot
truck haB tta placo on tho fnrn, Itl
can bo used for plowing nnd heavy
hauling, hut can never replace the
draft horso, If tho draft horso is a
permanent part of agriculture, more
attention should bo given to its pro
duction. Thero Ib hn Increasing demand for
heavier horses on the farniB. Deeper
and better tlllngo must bo practiced la
tho futuie, and this requires heavier
machinery nnd moro motive power.
There nro two wnyB of Increasing thla
power. Ono is by Increasing tho num.
bnr of light horsoB. But tho most eco
nomical way Ib to Increase tho weight
of the horses. This will reduco thai
farm labor force; will decrease thu
amount of equipment necessary In re
quiring 'less Btablo room and losn
harness, nnd tho cost of feed will bi
All fnrmors nnd breeders who arc
brooding horses for commercial pur
poses should replacu their small mnrcw
with heavier ones. This must bo done
gradually by adding n few good draft
marcs to tho hord ovory year and sell
ing tho poorer ohob. Sometimes good,
colta mny bo roared from Inferior
mnrcii by- mating them to n good stal
lion, but better ones always will bo
tho result of tho mating of bettor
marcs to tho saino stallion. Thoro nro,
plenty of good stallions throughout
tho Btato, but tho mares nro lacking,
and until tho fanners come to realize
tho vnluo of tho right kind of mnres
tho profit In breeding will bo low.
Whoro this plan hns boon n failure
It was on account of wet, cold wonthor
early In tho Bonson which caused
tho potatoes to rot before com Ing-,
up. Wo usually uso clean straw, bub
half rotton would nnBwer tho purpose
probably ns well. TIiIb coat of straw
which may bo turned under tho next,
yenr, enriches tho ground for subse
quent crops whether of potatoes or.
SOME PLANTS ARE
BIG LABOR SAVERS
Require No Greenhouse, Hotbed
or Window GardenThey
(Hy JC8I0IMIINR DH MAUR
It is not too Into In tho season to
urgo busy housemothers who lovq
flowers, but who havo llttlo tlmo to
glvo them, to grow horbaceous plants.
Those plants aro lnbor-savere; for.
onco established In good, deop boIU
thdy requlro llttlo care or attention;
they bloom profusoly, and If a good
Bolectlon Jb mndo, abundant blooma
mny bo had from enrly In spring
when tho moss-pink (phlox subulntn).
covera ItBelf with flowers, to late fall,
when tho hardy chrysanthemums
withstand tho enrly frosts.
These plants require no groenhouao.
hotbod, or window garden, for thoy
nro really hnrdy. Howovor, It is well
to protect the young plants tholr first
Herbaceous plantn uro propagated
In several ways by seeds, division,
cuttings of tops of roots Cutting of
tho roots, although not usunlly prac
ticed, Is easy nnd successful, and
should be better understood.
If yon will carefully dig up a plant,
say, n one-year-old golden glow, you
will find on tho main roots llttlo
.shoots closo together. TIichp nro fu
ture plnnts. All ono Iiob to do is to
cut tho root In small pieces, bolnj;
miro to nllow ono shoot or oyp to tho
plero. nud plant thorn In tho ground.
If ono hnB too many plnnts. It Is
onsy io exchange with one's neighbor.
xnu i uus acquire a now plant
A good white gornnlum Is a Jewel
which, whon found, should bo kept.
Select ono or two zonules for ornamon
tnl foliage, nnd koop tlmm bright by
giving tho plant as much nunshino au
possible and a doso of ammonia onco
a weok a toaspoonful in a quart of
MoIoh In a garden prove an Intoler
able nuisance. While they may bo
trapped, the only euro way a to in
ject blsulpbato of carbon Into thoiij
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