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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 23, 1912)
ESSENTIALS OF PLANT
Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potas
sium Are Most Important.
8prlng Plowing Under of Green Ma
terial In Orchard Interferes Great,
ly With First Irrigation Two
Best Shade Crops.
(By It. S. muutlCK. Colorado Experi
Thero nro thirty-eight different
chemical elements which aro used to
innko up the growth of a plant. Tho
following nine aro very essential for
tho proper development of the or
chnr(Lplant: Carbon, hydrogen, oxy
gen, nitrogen, sulphur, phosphate, po
tassium, calcium and Iron. Tho thrco
most Important of these, and which
aro sometimes absent In available
form, aro nitrogen, phosphorus and
"potassium. A certain amount of nitro
gen Is required for tho vigorous
growth of the plant and Is used
principally In tho formation of tho
woody part of the plant Phosphorus
is not as essential In fruit growing
aB It is In the growing of gralnB, as
It Is used to make up a largo per
cent of tho seed, but Is, however, es
sential to aid tho proper ripening of
the fruit. Potassium aids In tho
proper coloring of tho fruit and goes
to make up a large per cent of the
ash of both the fruit and of tho fruit
Many of our orchard goIIs arc rich
chemically In nitrogen, phosphorus
and potassium, but oftentimes these
elements aro not available for the
plant on account of the poor physi
cal condition of the soil; wo mean
that It lacks humus. By humus we
mean the complete decay of organic
matter which can bo obtained by the
plowing under of some green manure
tcrop, such as alfalfa, clover, vetch,
oats, rye, etc.
In the east where experiments
have been run with clean cultivation
versus sod for orchard soils, the re
sults were found to bo In favor of
tho clean cultivation. Clean cultl-
ration versus a rotational shade crdp
lias been tried in Colorado and tho
results were In favor of the shade
crop rotation. In tho east, cover
crops are Jised, which means the sow
ing of the seed in late summer and
tho plowing under of the green ma
nure crop tho next spring or In the
early summer. Our conditions aro
such that this method does not work
well, tho greatest trouble being that
the spring plowing under of a great
mass of green material interferes great
ly with the first summer Irrigation, as
it sometimes causes tho soil to puddle
and thereby causing the leaves to turn
yellow. By shade crops Is meant
tho sowing of tho seed tn the spring
of tho year, thus shading tho soil du
Ting the summer from the sun,
and the plowing under of the green
crop either tho following fall or the
mext fall, depending on whether
an annual, biennial or perennial crop
Nearly all of tho Colorado orchard
Bolls are very poor in humus content
and this 1b tho principal reason why
they are so poor physically, that is,
they are hard to work when it comes
to Irrigation and cultivation. Such
soils do not take water readily nor
ido they hold It after they have been
Irrigated. Humus In tho soil will do
away to a large extent with these
troubles nnd can bo obtained by tho
plowing under of barnyard manureJ
but on account of tho scarcity of it,
tho orchardists will have to rely to s
great extent on the growing and tho
plowing under of a shade crop.
Shade crops are divided into two
classes, viz. leguminous and non-leguminous.
The legumes are plants like al
falfa, clovers, etc.; the .non-legumes
aro the grains, like oats, rye, barley,
etc. For orchard soils which possess
a hard under soil there Is no plant
like alfalfa. This is not hard to
handle if It is not allowed to go to
seed and is plowed under in the fall
of tho second year. It is well to sow
oats, about one-half bushel to tho
acre, with the alfalfa for a nurse crop.
Tho oats should be cut before they
go to seed and they can bo harvested
for feed. Alfalfa can be sown later
than clover with good results, but, as
a rule, it Is bettor to sow all shade
crops In tho orchard as early In tho
spring as possiblo. Mammoth rad clov
er makes a very good orchard shade
crop, but sometimes It is hard to get
tho clover to grow well at first un
less It has the proper amount of mois
ture. This 1b ono reason why clover 1b
not always a success in peach or
chards, as sometimes the clover re
quires more water than is good for tho
peach trees. In growing anything in
tho orchard, ono must remembor that
tho trees aro the first consideration
and the crop of Becond importance.
For this reason do not ovor-lrrigato the
treses In order to get a good stand of
Tho ranchmen in Texas are said to
be studying tho guanaco as a ranch
animal. Guanacos are found in Central
Peru and thenco south to Cape Hora
They aro about the weight of a sheop,
but taller. They feed on bitter desert
herbago and can exist whore tho wa
ter Is salty. They furnish meat and
clothing to the South Americans.
Guanaco rugs aro worth from 316 to
$25 each, whero manufactured.
Have a Variety.
When tho hogs begin to gnaw tho
a woodwork in tho Doghouses you may
bo sure they need something differ
ent to gnaw from what you are feed
ing them. Look into It and see if
they are getting variety enough.
PEST IN IRRIGATED COUNTRY
Prof. Osborne of Idaho Station Offers
Suggestion to Completely Eradi
cate Wild Oat.
Ono of our most pernicious pests
in irrigated sections Is the wild oat
O. M. Osborno of tho Idaho station of
fers a good suggestion when ho says
that tho only courso to pursue to com
pletely eradlcato the wild oat Is to pro
coed to bring overy seed In tho soil
Into germination as rapidly as possi
blo and then destroy the seedlings as!
soon as they appear.
Hence, plow tho field bhallow or
disk us soon as the grain crop
is removed. In about ten days,
If the weather has been warm and
damp, uso tho disk again, then har
row every few days as tho little seed
lings appear. If the autumn Is dry
and tho seeds do not gorralnato read
ily It Is well to roll tho soil to bring
up the water from below. Continue
tho process of harrowing as long as
possible before tho winter plowing,
then plow tho usual depth for winter.
Get onto tho land early In tho spring
as soon as the soil will permit nnd
harrow again to kill the seedlings. Fol
low with a cultivated crop such aB
beets, corn, potatoes, beans or cab
bages. In case the land Is too dry to
plow immediately after removing a
grain crop turn cattle or sheep Into
tho field in order to eat down the seed
lings. Otherwise many at tho oats will
go to seed before winter Bets In. Sum
mer fallowing as practiced In many
sections Is an excellent method of
holding tho wild oat In check, particu
larly If cattle are allowed In tho field
onco on a while to nip off tho plants
miBsed by tho plow or harrow and to
cat off the seedlings. Early winter
rye or barley is an excellent crop to
raise If tho farmer dpes not wish to re
sort to a cultivated crop. As a rule
this can be cut beforo tho wild onts
BIG CROP OF BRITISH INDIA
Over 223,000,000 Acres Under Cultiva
tion 42,000,000 Acres Now
The department of agriculture has
issued a report on tho crops of Brit
ish India for April, 1912, which says,
in brief: I
"British India, with a population of
over 300,000,000 peoplo and a total
area of 1,138,075,182 acres, or about
three-fifths of tho land nrea of conti
nental United States, has an actual
surveyed area upon which taxation Is
based of G24,000,000 acres. Of 383,
000,000 acres availablo for cultivation,
223,000,000 acies aro actually cropped.
Of tho area cultivated, nearjy 42,000,
000 acres are now under Irrigation, a
very important factor In agriculture
in British India, as the failure of the
monsoons in certain years has been
the cause of great famines.
"Of the 223,000000 acres under cul
tivation, 41,500,000, or nearly 20 per
cent., are irrigated. In the five-year
period from 1005-G to 1909-10 the area
under irrigation increased from 35,
000,000 to ovor 41,000,000 acres, an in
crease of 17 per cent. Of this area
over one-third is irrigated from gov
ernment canals, tho next largest
source being from driven wells. Pun
jab, Madras, Agra, Bengal, Sind nnd
Oudh aro the principal provinces
which have extensive irrigation sys
tems." POULTRY NOTES.
All hens like to lay in dark nest
No matter whore you live, poultry
can be made profitable
The Incubator never changes its
mind. It stays on tho job.
Late hatched turkeys should never
be used for breeding pui-poses.
In brooder raising special attention
should bo paid to tho breeding stock.
Coal oil and carbolic acid are good
lice and mite killers, as well as disin
fectants. As a rule, hens that desire to sit
are fat, though thero are occasional
It is important in caring for sitting
hens to have the nests so arranged
that ono can shut tho hens In. v
A plump young turkey, dressing
from 8 to 15 pounds, finds a market
at almost any season of the year.
Don't bo tempted to sell your best
birds unless you havo some better
ones in view to take their places.
Nothing worse than damp brooder
floor to start chick ills. Cover them
with a little dry earth or old carpet
Some hens seem to know when it
is feeding time. It will pay you to
humor them and bo prompt and regu
lar. Ashes scattered about tho floor help
to keep It clean, help keep tho air
pure and havo some value as disin
fectants. It is best that tho joung turkeys be
come accustomed to their attendant
and to all persons nnd animals about
Board floors in poultry houses aro
objectionable for many reasons, nnd
should no7er be used whero dirt floors
can bo provided.
Any egg-eaters In tho flock? Make
the nests as dark as possiblo; that
will help. If that doesn't dlscourago
tho culprit, sharpen the ax.
It is advisable to place a box of grit
or coarso sand whero tho turkeys can
And It, as not all farms havo suffi
cient quantity for the purpose of good
The nests in tho poultry house ueed
not necessarily be expensive affairs,
but tbey should bo strong and sub
stantial and at tho same time comfort
able for the layers when they go on
Weather Is Decidedly Hot at Capital
WASHINGTON. It Is decidedly hot
Jn Washington. Thero Is noth
ing especially new or startling In this
statement, may be, but It serves neat
ly nB an introduction to tho Interest
ing narrative appended. During tho
summer months, It seems, when a.
Washington resident Is not discussing
tho baseball team ho occupies his tlmo
figuring reasons for tho utter bucccss
of heat here.
Numbers of perfectly reasonablo
reasons havo been so figured. Hu
midity, for one; tho discouraging,
mushy asphalt; tho white buildings;
tho wido streets oh, any number of
However, this story Is written to
narrato tho d!scoery of an entirely
new theory accounting for the heat
peculiar to Washington. It was dis
closed to a Washington visitor during
a dragging, sun stilled walk along
Pennsylvania avenue tho other after
noon. It was a typical Washington
summer day, tho kind referred to by
an old resident who said:
"Well, I admit that tho mornings In
Washington aro pretty hot. And to-
"Love, Not Larceny" Leads to Arrest
JAMES HarrlB Champion, reared on
a farm In Alabama, tho only other
product of which was one bale of cot
ton a year, camo to "Washington the
other day to earn a livelihood. Only
ono day of Jojous freedom was en
Joyed by Champion, nnd then his
dream of world conquest was nipped
in tho bud by tho police, nnd then
James, looking from between tho
bars at tho First precinct station, mut
tered: "It wob love, not larceny, thnt got
And then Champion told the police
a story of a starved soul, a crippled
body, and tho first Bight of a'beautlful
woman tho most beautiful woman ho
had ever seen and how Infatuation
for Leo Chapman, whom tho police
well know, compelled him to livo a
lie and the consequences of It.
"Wednesday evening I met Leo
Chapman on tho street. Sho was tho
prettiest woman I ever saw," said
Champion, "and I guess I loved her as
Boon as I looked at her. Anyway, I
loved her soon afterward, for she was
tho only pretty womnn that ever paid
any attention to me."
And then Champion solobed a little
when he said:
"You know a cripple doesn't get
"I didn't havo any money and I saw
I couldn't mako much headway with
"Black Hand" Rumor Disturbs Capitol
i (C1 fTAlK ABOUT
UNWONTED excitement disturbed
tho usual morning calm of the cap
itol, when it was whispered that a
Benator had received a message from
I tho "Black Hand." Immediately
thero wero visions of detectives trac
ing up every evanescent clue, for it
had been stated positively over tho
phono by tho senator that ho was tho
Victim of a Black Hand disaster.
There was consternation when tho
senator was encountered at tho golf
links, and an excited group of play
ers surrounded him to quiz about tho
alarming missive. "What about that
'Black Hand' letter?" they cried
"What 'Black Hand' letter?" abked
tho senator absently.
"Why, tho ono you wero talking
about this morning."
A yvwwww w m yw'wraAwwwwr
WASHINGTON restnuraut men and
their customers wero much dis
turbed the other day over tho newB
from Georgetown, Del., that a man
of that place, had succeeded In de
veloping nn apple that has no core.
"It's an outrage," Bald tho proprie
tor of ono restaurant, when lie saw
tho dispatch. "Something ought to bo
done. Oh, Mr. Rigger!"
A wiry looking man of about fifty,
who was lighting a cigarette at the
cigar lighter, camo over to whero the
"Mr. Rigger," explained tho proprie
tor, "Is ono of tho oldest customers
I havo. Ho has been taking his meals
In this restaurant for 20 years. It
ought to bo of Interest to get his
views on tho subject" Whereupon
tho contents of tho dispatch wero ex
plained to tho customer.
"I, for one, won't stand for It," do-
ward noon It Is hot. But ngaln, wo
havo tho nftornoon. Ah, then It is hot.
Yet our wonderful evenings nnd to
ward midnight! What a pleasant
change tho heat Is!"
That's tho sort of day It was. Tho
visitor referred to wos plodding along,
attempting to bo unconscious of hla
swinging doors on tho other sldo of
which, It is a matter of common re
port, most cooling hovorages may bo
Tho visitor noticed a tiny wagon.
It was much after tho tjrdor of tho
old fashioned "hokoy pokoy" cart It
drew up to tho curbing. On tho cart
was tho legend:
One can scarcely Imagine tho effect
of that sign unless It has confronted
ono through tho quivering heat waves
Tho walker staggered on. Camo
then another cart, fashioned In tho
manner of tho first A sign on lto
Tho visitor's grew dry. Tho heat
seemed to Increase. But that was tho
error of a heat persecuted mind. Ab
he swayed there, around tho corner
camo a third wagon. On it was a
With a wild and despairing yell tho
Washington visitor turned nnd lied
through ii convenient swinging door.
It is hot in Washington, then somo.
flT VYA6 tOVE
aTHAT COT ME
her without money, so I went to tho
bebt jeweler In Washington nnd or
dered $4,000 worth of Jewelry. I told
them I was stopping nt tho Raleigh
and I would send for tho jowclry.
"When I met Leo I told her I was
going to glvo them to her, and sho
threw her arms about my neck and
kissed mo. I guess I'll havo to pajj
wpll for those kisses. Then I took
her lavllear and a gold wedding ring
and told her to wait whllo I went to
tho hotel nnd got tho Jewels. I only
took them because I knew sho would
wait for mo If I had them. It was
Lee's beauty that turnod my head.
"I Intended to go to tho hotel nnd
then go back to Leo and tell her 1
couldn't get tho jewels until tomor
row. I thought sho would bo nlco to
mo then, because sho would bellovo
sho would get tho Jewels if sho treat
ed mo well. But before I got to tho
hotel they arrested me."
Champion Js held on a chnrgo oi
larceny. Tho lavllear and ring wero
found on the prisoner.
"I think I throw it in tho waste
"Wo must havo that letter, senator,"
put in a young reporter earnestly.
"Your co-operation with tho press and
tho officers of tho law will mean much
"Say, young man," broke in tho sen
ator, "is this a Joke?" Ho was culti
vating tho language necessary for uso
(with mules) in intensified farming,
and indulged in a few epithets beforo
"That 'Black Hand' Ib nothing
nothing at all I tried to fill my foun
tain pen this morning with Indelible
Ink, and I still havo tho black hand
with me." For proof ho held up an
Inky palm which liberal applications
of pumlce-stono had failed to whiten.
This was tho newspaper rumor
quieted. Tho disgusted golfers saun
tered away to conceal their feelings,
and tho sonator went back to his
game, wondering why It was that a
man could not evon talk about Ills
fountain pen without awakening re
portorlal energy and national atten-
1 tlon. Chappie's NewB Letter.
clared Mr. Rigger, firmly. "I have
been eating In this place bo long that
It would seem like breaking home ties
to stop It, but If this restaurant ever
serves pIcb mado of theso coreless np
PIcb I'll havo to go somowhero else."
"Quiet jouiself, Mr. Rigger," lnterj
posed tho proprietor. "I Intend to soo
that your rights aro protected. I
simply won't buyples mado of core
"Thank you!" exclaimed Mr. Rigger,
and bo grasped the proprietor's
ii V" &&
SOLACE IN HIS MISFORTUNE
Entombed Miner Had at Least Ono
Pleasant Thounht After Two
Days of Suffering.
Minors nro among tho most heroic
bcsldo them, and they aro schooled to
bellovo that nt any tlmo they may
como faco to faco with death. Tho re
sult of this Is that thoy aro humorous
In their boldness.
In ono of tho mines of Pennsylvania
thero was a cave-In which Imprisoned
a miner named Jack Thornton. Tho
accident happened on Friday after
noon, nnd tho fellow laborers of tho
entombed man Bot to work at onco to
dig him out. It was not until Sunday
morning, however, that thoy reached
hlo prison chamber, and by this time
they were wondering whether ho had
been suffocated or starved to death,
Ono of them stuck his head through
tho aperture mado by tho picks of
tho rescuers and called out:
"Jack, are you all right?"
"All right," camo tho reply, and then
after a pause: "What day Is this?"
"Sunday!" oxclalmcd tho friend.
"Geo!." exclaimed Jack, "I'm glad of
that. That waB ono Saturday night
when thoso saloonkeepers dldn't got
my wages." Popular Magazine
RASH ALMOST COVERED FACE
Warrcnvlllc, O. "I havo felt tho
olTocts of blood polBonl'ng for eighteen
years. I wbb never without some erup
tions on my body. Tho terrible itch
ing caused mo much suffering and dis
comfort, whllo tho rubbing and
scratching mado It worse. Last spring
I had a terrlblo breaking out of bits
tcry sores on my arms and limbs. My
faco and arms wero almost covered
with rash. I could not sleep and lost
nineteen pounds In five weeks. My
faco waB terribly red nnd sore, and
felt as If my skin was on flro. At Inst
I tried n samplo of Cutlcura Soap and
Cutlcura Ointment nnd I found them
so cool, soothing and healing, that I
got somo Cutlcura Soap, Cutlcura
Ointment, nnd Resolvent I bathed
with hot water and Cutlcura Soap,
then I applied tho Cutlcura Ointment
every night for two months, and I am
cured of all skin eruptions." (Signed)
Mrs. Knthryn Krnfft, Nov. 28, 1911.
Cutlcura Soap and Ointment sold
throughout the world. Samplo of each
free, with 32-p. Skin Book, Address
post-card "Cutlcura, Dopt L, Boston."
To illustrato a point that ho was
making that his was tho raco with a
juturo and not n raco with a paBt
Uooker T. Washington told thlB llttlo
xtpry tho other day.
Ho was standing by his door ono
morning when old Aunt Carollno wont
"Good morning, Aunt Carollno," ho
laid. "Whero aro you going this morn
ing?" "Lawzeo, Mista Waah'ton," sho
'epliod'. Tbo done boon whar I'so
twine." Kansas City Star.
Truo to His Trust,
"Father," asked the beautiful girl,
"did you bring home that material
for my new skirt?"
"Whoro Is it?"
"Let mo Beo? Walt now. Don't bo
impatlont! I didn't forget it I'm
sure I'vo got it in ono of my pockets,
Mra. Knlckor Laugh and tho world
laughs with you.
Mrs. Bocker Weep and you get a
Red Cross Ball Blue gires double value
for your money, goes twice m Itr u any
Other. Ask your grocer.
Nothing so completely knocks a con.
trary man as to havo you agree with
If your dltreKtlon Is a llttlo oil color a,
courau of Gurilold Tea will do you good.
Tho wngdn's tongue goos without
ii ii mi iiijiiiumii 3afiga--g;iLiJ a
ran Mir- nwkaiw s .- - -
Faultless Starch Twin Dolls
Him Lilly White
It yem will oe tlio txxt aiarob mad both of theas
raadolli, OAch Ul 2lnchoahlan aodreadr to out oat
aim aiaa. win doird(w
MII IJIBIX III
f ronta of 10
or Iwolte f ronta ot 6 oont raaltleaa Btaixh paekasvai
and P pent In attmi to rioter portage and parking.
Or either doll will boaentoo. reoolptpt thraolOoeot
t fronta oralis pant front end 4 ronta In atamps. Ool
out tbla ad. It will bo aoccptod la pUoo of one 10
wJib inuiH or mu w uvut
Twaa a pretty Thing.
Tho young man producod a small,
squaro box from his pocket
"I havo a present for you," ho began.
"I don't know whothor it will fit your
flngor or not but "
"Oh, Georgo!" sho broko In, "this la
so sudden! Why, I nover dreamed "
But just then Georgo producod tho
gift a silver thimble nnd it got sud
denly cooler in tho room. Ladles'
Important to Mothora
Exnmlno carefully every bottlo ot
CASTOIILV. saf o and sure r medy for
infants nnu children, and boo that It
in uso For ovor 30 Years.
Childron Cry for Fletcher's Cnstoria
Nothln' In It..
Teacher of Infant geography class
John Maco may toll us what a strait
John Mace It's Jus' th' plain stuff,
'thout nothln In it Judgo.
Whon a man is down and out his
friends nro soon up nnd away.
LEWIS' Single Binder, straight So
many smokers prefer thorn to lOo clsmrs.
Evon your best friends haven't tlmo
to do much worrying on your account
TASTY Yes indeed
they're real pickles crisp
and fine just as good as
you could put up at home and
far less troublesome. But
then you should try Libby'a
Olives or Catsup in fact,
There's a noodness to them
that beggars description. One taste'
and you 11 wont more, runty?
Libby's label is your guarantee.
Economy ? They're not expensive
when you consider their superior
Always Buy Libby's
Don't accept a substitute. Whether
h be rdtth toup meat aparaau
preamea or jm imut on the Libby
label. Thea you're awe oi inliifirtioa.
At All Croean
I IIBm I altfK H BJI I II citanoeAu di ah
tlooma from SI .00 up single, 75 cenu up double.
CAFE FR.IC&9 REASONABLE
WOULD YOU LIKE n.d,
InUtrcttod In blaherrdnraUnnnrlle at unco for Bait
W. N. U., OMAHA, NO. 29-1912.
There never was a
thirst that Coca-Cola couldn't
satisfy. It cocs. straight as en
arrow, to the dry spot.
And besides this,
satisfies to a T the call for something
purely delicious and deliciously pure and
r Oar new booklet, tclllnf of
Coca-Col rliullcailon it
IIMWUMWI! .V WV MUUf.
Demand I be Cconlae ai made by
THE COCA-COLA CO.
rem tee an
SHOULD HAVE THE
and Mi.. PLotbe Pri. ny,',wrr:
but ftuaroM. poiipaiu. on re
CO., Kuu. Ckj, K.
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