The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, March 08, 1912, Image 7
-rr i II w IS Indians of Alaska are Rapidly Decreasing In Numbers. AID OF CONGRESS IS ASKED Dr. Foster's Report Shows That Dis ease, Especially Tuberculosis, Is Making Great Inroads Among the Natives of the North western Territory. By GEORGE CLINTON. Washington. Tho national bureau of education has asked congress for an appropriation of $70,000 for addi tional medical work among tho natives of Alaska. Ever slnco tho Indians of tho western plains stopped going on tho war path philanthropists havo boon att work among them seeking to decrease tho death rate and to make the ono time warriors and their squaws and papooses observo the whlto man's safeguard against dis ease. The result has been that tho Indians within the United States prop er aro Increasing in numbers. Tho Alaska Indians, however, are In a 'pitiful condition notwithstanding tho efforto of tho bureau of education, which has charge of the work there, to aid them In every way. Alaska Is n long way off and tho condition of the tribes there does not appeal to tho residents of the United States so strongly as does that of tho Indians who are nt tho doorstop. It Is said, however, that congress Is likely to be come allvo to Its responsibilities and that tho condition of the Alaska tribes will bo materially bettered. Dr. M. H. Foster, past assistant sur geon In the public health and marine hospital service, has recently return ed from Alaska, where he was sent to jiako a survey of the health condi tions of tho country. His report has li good deal In It to make Americans, lind members of congress especially, think on tho duty of this country to Its northwestern wards, many of whom i.re suffering physical disabilities be cause of the encroachment on their country of tho "whlto master." Population Rapidly Dwindling. In tho report of the bureau of edu cation It is said that no Indians at all will be left in Alaska in sixty or seven ty years unless tho government at once takes vigorous measures to check disease among them. Dr. Foster In discussing tho decrease in the native population says: "Owing to the usual lack of vital sta tistics in a pioneer country such as this, the exact facts on which to base nn opinion have never been available And most of the statements have been mero conjectures. At Sitka accurate records have been kept by tho churches, and they Bhow that for a pe riod of five years and seven months the annual birth rate has been 72.3 per thousand and the annual death rate 85.4 per thousand. During this period, with an estimated population of 400, there were 29 more deaths than births. "Tho returns of tho United States census bureau show that in tho last 10 years there has been a decrease in the total Indian population approxi mately equal to 14 per cent., or 1 per cent, per year. This corresponds very closely to tho rates as figured at itka, and they may be taken as in dicating fairly correctly tho rates for the whole country. Tho death rate in the United States varies from 7 or 8 per thousand to 35 per thousand, do pending upon tho locality. An aver nge death rate may be placed at 22 to 23 pqr thousand. "Tho very unusual mortality In Alas ka, 85.4 per thousand, is to bo attrib uted largely to pulmonary tubercu losis, and unless It Is checked in some way It will result in tho extinction of tho natives In 60 or 70 years. For tunately, It Is counteracted to a cer tain extent by an unusually large birth rate, but the birth rate will probably decrcaso as time gqes on." Not Easy to Treat. Congress has been asked to estab lish a tuberculosis sanitarium In Alas ka, a provision having been made for it in an appropriation bill which is now before the law makers. There Is a touch of humor, although It Is a kind of grim humor, In what Dr. Fos ter has to say about tho trouble of rendering medical assistance to In dians In their own homes. His words nte intended to show tho necessity for congressional action on behalf of a hospital to which natives who are seriously ill can be transferred for treatment. In his report Dr. Foster says: "Under present conditions tho Indians vannot bo effectively treated in their own homos except for a fow minor complaints. Every physician of ex perlenco in Alaska states that they will not carry out Instructions or take medicine as directed. If the drug Is palatable or they can feel Its effects, they are very likely to tako it all at one lose. If It Is distasteful or if no immcdlato rosults follow, they tako it a few tlmeB and then stop. "I know of a case where a physi cian was called in to see a native ill of pneumonia. Ho left some strych nine tablets with explicit directions that ono was to bo taken every two houm. The brother of the sick man, despite theso directions, reasoning that If on was good, moro were bet ter, gave the entire supply at ono timo and tho man died in a few hours." It is hoped that before long an ad ditional corps of doctors and nurses HE can bo sent to Alaska who will act as medical missionaries. Aaron Burr' Cousins. A paragraph in a Washington pa per says that Senator Pago of Vermont "has n grandson who on his mother's sldo is a cousin of Aaron Burr." If Speaker Champ Clark wero asked about this matter ho prob ably would say that to bo a cousin of Aaron Burr may carry a certain amount of distinction because of tho blood relationship, but that Aaron Burr's cousins nro llko tho blossoms of the applo treo In May In a record brpaklng fruit year. Speaker Clark has been a great stu dent of Aaron Burr's life. In a way, and porhnps heartily, Mr. Clark 1b something of a champion of Aaron Burr, a slncero champion becauso the speaker, It is said, thinks that Burr was accused of a, good many thlngB of which ho was not guilty aud that ho was a man too much abused for faults which ho had not committed. There aro men who think that if Aaron Burr had not killed Alexander Hamilton many of tho animosities against him would not bo In existence today. There nre other men who say that the dislike of Hamilton's Ideas of government, held hereditarily by pol iticians of today, are responsible in a measure for tho championship of Burr by men who otherwlso would not have loved his memory eo much If thoy did not hate tho memory of Hamilton's po litical and governmental views more. Many Descendants of Edwards. As for the matter of Aaron Burr'B many cousins, let It bo said that Burr was a grandson of Jonathan Edwards, the great theologian, and ono of tho first presidents of Princeton college. Jonathan Edwards had ten sisters, all of whom married and had largo fam ilies. Tho descendants. of Jonathan Edwards direct and collateral, today are numbered by the thousands and everyone of these descendants, of course, Is a cousin of Aaron Burr who was Jonathan Edward's grandson. Some one not long ago wrote a story about the EdwardB descendants direct and collateral. Six of theso descend ants, either grandchildren or grand nephews, were at ono timo presidents of colleges. It Is possible that moro men of the Edwards blood hold promi nent positions in tho world today than men of the blood of any other one American family. Tho name is not al ways Edwards, of course, for In fact the Edwards of tho female line out number those of tho male line per haps twenty to one, but the descend ants of Jonathan Edwards' sisters and of his daughters are Just as much of the Edwards blood as are the people who bear the name. Mrs. Theodoro Roosevelt Is a direct descendant of Jonathan Edwards and so it is said is former President Eliot of Harvard. The Dwights havo tho Edwards blood In them and a compara tively recent president of Yale uni versity who held the office for many years was a Dwight and an Edwards. He, however, Is not included in the six college presidents who at one timo hold office and wero of the Edwards kin. The most recent Yale Dwight was of course of a younger generation. Army Worried About Horses. MaJ. Gen. Leonard Wood, chief of stall. United States army, who as a surgeon was stationed with a cavalry regiment in tho south over tho growing difficulty of securing good horses for tho servlco. General Wood and some other officers with him sny that the laws against betting on horse races in many of tho states are responsible in a way for the grow ing scarcity of good borsoB for tho service. It must not bo understood that General Wood either personally or tn his capacity as the ranking officer of the army upholds betting. He sim ply states what he thinks 1b a fact and deplores tho effect If not tho causo. When American cavalry of ficers recently went to England to en gago In a contest of horsemanship, In cluding high Jumping, with tho oillcers of cavalry regiments of European countries, they lost most of tho ovent3 becnuso it Is said their horseB wero not tho equals of those used by tho foreign officers. August Belmont, who is chairman of the American Jockey club, at a dinner in New York a night or two ago, point ed to the serious menace which threat ened tho cavalry tand field artillery branches of tho United States army "In tho depletion of thoroughbred horses by -reason of a cessation of racing." Mr. Bolmont has suggested the formation of a natlon-wldo asso ciation to be known as tho National Cavalry and Artillery Remount asso ciation, to bo created from all ranks of sports and agricultural life with tho center of tho organization nt Washington, to keep a register of mares inspected and found suitable for breeding remounts and artillery horses. Gen. Leonard Wood and Col. Theodore Roosevelt havo expressed a willingness to becomo vice-presidents of the association. It Is expected thnt Inducements will bo held out to horso breeders In all parts of the country to make a specialty of animals suit able for the army service. American Record Rides, p Thero has been aj general boiler through tho years that tho foreign cavalry horses wero better than those of America, and yet thero aro records In tho United States servlco of long, hard rides, tho horses coming through In good condition, which never have been equaled by men and horses of tho foreign service. Tho army has records of some of these rides and It fears today that the deterioration of tho American horso may prevent their repetition If tho servlco should de mand strenuous efforts on tho part of the cavalry horses of tho present and of the near future. fbrfJher IIIILI i .OMSlD SKIPJACK IS EASILY MADE Any Bright Boy With Few Simple Tools Can Knock One Together Within Short Time. With a few simple tools any bright boy can knock n skipjack together within u hnlf-hour's timo. Tho sketch gives a general Idea of Its construction and use. Procuro for tho runnor n stout barrel stave frco from knots or cracks. In order that this may pass quickly and smoothly over tho snow It must movo with the grain of tho wood, and not against It. When you have determined by this which 1b to bo the front of the runner, fasten tho upright piece A Skipjack. to support tho seat about one-third of tho distance from tho rear. This up right Bhould bo of two-Inch by four inch stuff about 15 or 1G inches high. A short piece to brace, it Bhould then be fastened both front and back. A board about 18 inches long and G Inches wide will complete tho seat and your skipjack is ready for uso. Let tho first trial bo over a short slope. Scat yourself firmly, lift both feet from tho ground and away you go. Only a slight movement, of tho body Is necessary to keep tho runnor on tho track, and you will quickly acquire this knack after a fow trials, and n longer a,nd swifter coast can then bo essayed. It is fun for a number of boys to start to make these sleds at one time, so that each can help the other over tho hard places, and contests In which all can take part can be plan ned. When boys use different sleds Details of Coaster. or coasters their skill In mannglng them is not always to bo determined, because some of the boys havo much hotter coasters, or sleds than tho oth ers, or because they have been nblo to spend more money for their equip ment; but when boys havo all home made sleds llko this ono no one has any advantago over the others unless it bo that he haB worked harder to make his coaslor better or is really more Bkillful in managing his strange Vehicle. Puzzling Questions. If a goose weighs ten pounds and half its own weight, what Is tho weight of the gooso? . This Is simple, but many a wise one has been caught napping and answers at onco fifteen pounds, though a Httlo thought will bring twenty pounds, tho correct answer. A train starts daily from San Francisco to New York and one dally from New York to Snn Francisco; tho Journey lasts seven days. How many trains will a travolor meet In Journeying from Snn Francisco to Now York? It looks as If tho traveler miiRt meet seven trains and that Is the answer thnt nlno out of ton will give if the question 1b now to them. The fact is overlooked that every day of tho Journey a fresh train Is started from the other end, while there are seven on tho way to be gin with; the traveler will, therefore, meet fourteen trnlns instead of seven. No "8lng" In Guide. Llttlo threo-year-old Clara was very fond of practicing on tho piano. Her mother, not wishing to have her music subjected to Clara's vigorous treat ment, removed It ono dny and placed a railway guide upon tho piano rack. The Infant prodigy soon discovered tho difference, however, and throwing It to tho floor, sho exclaimed: "Mam ma, mo tan't sing out of zat; zey ain't no sing In It." j TOP k SltJE JdL" COASTING. Constlnrr, coasting down tho hill. When tho evenings nice and still. When tlio moon shines In tho sky, And tho coasters shout and cry. At their piny, and snow Is deep, With nn Incline smooth and Btccp; When the sleds nnd old "bobs" ko Llko greased lightning o'er tho snow. Then It Is that fun Is had, By tho little lnss nnd Ind, Ah, wo know their Joy, for, lol We were children Ions oroI SIMPLE MACHINE FOR BOYS Will Transform Right and Left Mo- tlon Into Rotary Motion of Other Without Being Seen. Probably you know that ovory ma chine no matter how complicated, simply transforms ono kind of motion Into another. Tho locomotlvo trans forms the straight push of tho piston rod Into the rotary motion of tho driv ing wheel. A sowing mnchlne trans forms tho push of the foot Into tho rotation of a whool, and that again Is transformed into the prick of tho ncedlo. Hero Is a Httlo mschlno that any boy can make which will transform tho right and left motion of ono hand Into a rotary motion of tho other without his knowing It, Bays tho New York Sun. Tako a short piece of lath and cut some notches In tho edge with a penknife. Then cut out a little disk of stiff card, color it if you llko and slck it on tho end of tho lath with a stout pin. Now hold tho oud thnt Is further from the disk with your loft hand and rub a penholder or a round poncll up A Simple Machine. and down tho potches. You will find that the disk will begin to spin, no matter how steady you try to hold your left hand, which shows that you must bo moving it in n smajl clrclo or tho disk would not spin. SPOTTED DOG AT A BARGAIN Chauncey Depew Bought Animal from Circus Man, but Neglected to Get Umbrella With It. Chauncey M. Depow has a keen sense of humor nnd loves to toll good short stories. Tho following ono Is a fair specimen, which, although not a now ono, Is vory funny: "When I was qulto a young lady, about fourteen years old, my fnthor lived on nn old iarm up at Pough kcepslo. One day I went to town to see tho circus, nnd while thero 1 saw for tho first timo ono or those spotted coach dogs. 1 bargained for It with tho owner, nnd trotted him happily with my now possession. When my father saw it his good old Puritan faco fell, and ho said sadly: "W,hy, Chauncey, wo don't want any spotted dogs on tho farm! It would drive tho cattlo crazy.' "I succeeded in obtaining permis sion to keep him, however. Tho noxt day it was raining, and I took the dog put In tho woods to try him for a coon. Tho rain was too much for tho spots, and whon wo returned homo they had disappeared. I hastonod to town and hunted up tho mnn who bad sold him to mo. " 'Look at tho dog,' Bald I; "his spots havo all washed off "arcat guns, boy!' exclaimed tho dealer, 'there was an umbrella went with that dog. Didn't you get It?' " GREAT STRENGTH OF SNAILS Hitched to Toy Wagon by Harness Made of Twine They Will Pull Weight of One Pound. Take a pair of snails, and lm proviso a form of harness out of flno twlno or thread. To this attach a toy wagon or model lorry. On this In turn placo a number of weights, Athletic Snails. and when tho snails start moving you will seo, to your great surprise, that thoy can pull after them n wolght considerably nearer a pound than you over had any Idea of. The Snow. New-fallen snow la often white, Dut true It Is, alack I That snow that falls In city streets Is quite as often black. Bargains In By MARY BARRETT HOWARD (Copyright.) Tho llttlo kitchen was redolent of freshly baked cake, nnd stout Mrs. Pickens, hurrying thrdugh tho rem nant of tho week's Ironing, looked Hushed and heated. "Soap club or no Soap club, I got to gtt Miss Ransom's thtn's dono," sho lnuttorod. "Sho'U bo after 'em today sure, for' I suspicion sho ain't got ,raany changes. I declare," she added, pitifully, as sho surveyed tho flno, lace .trimmed garment on tho Ironing board, "It makos mo feel bad to seo ,how careful she's patched an mend ed 'em. Ev'ry dud slio's got Is most fnllln 'to plecoB, but I expect sho nln't got the money to buy now ones. I ain't a mlto surprised. I read ono o' hor storios onco an' it was awful dull to my thlnkln'. I wish to tho land sho was smart enough to write a reel good ono llko 'St. Elmo' or 'Lena Rivers.' Sho looks half-starved. If I wtran't afraid sho'd tako it bb an Insult I'd ask hor to Btay to tho mcctln' of tho Soap club. I'm goln' to hnvo a good suppor, 'If I do Bay It, an' I workod In ono o' thorn cheap boardln' Iiouscb onco an' I know what they bo. An' to think that her folks used to bo as rich as mud! I mot tho old Judgo Jest a llt tlo while boforo his death stoppln' out as If ho owned tho earth well, this 1b a queer world! Goodness gracious mo there's Miss Ransom uow, rldln' in nn autymobll! It's stopped an' slio's coraln' In!" HasCily sotting down hor flatlron, sho ran to tho door nnd admitted a slim, pale girl dressed In shabby mourning, ejaculating as sho did so: "Well, If I ain't surprised to sec you rldln' in an autymobll', MIbb Ransom! Come right In your thln's Is Jest ready, an' whllo I'm doing of 'em up, I want you should look at tho now premiums I got slnco you was hero last" Glad to Dostnono. even for a fow moemntB, tho Irrevocable stop to which sho had Just pledged herself, Elinor Ransom followed her hostess Into a room where a tablo was laid with a bravo array of plated silver and a sot of china docornted with flaming red popples. "It's my day to ontertnln our Soap club," Mrs. PIckenB explained. "Ton or us ladlos clubB together an' buys our 'soap o Lnlly, an' then we takes turns drawln' for tho premiums. Ho glveB elegant ones, Jost elegant! I got all that silver an' that chlny sot an' that plcter frame ror my share. Ain't thnt frame completo? Pickens thought I'd ought to put his plcter In Instead o' Tim's, but Plckons Is homo ly enough to scaro tho cat an' Tim was a reel good-lookln' follor, don't you think so, Miss RnnBom?" ' Tho large colored photograph in tho flamboyant gilt frnmo was tho portrait of a pleasnnt-faced young worklngman, and In splto or tho crudo coloring, tho "sllcked-down" hair, and tho stiff nt tltude or ono oppressed by his "Sun day clothes" Elinor was ablo to re spond cordlnlly: "Yes, Indeed. I do, Mrs. Pickens." "But I dunno's I ought to find rault with PIckenB' looks when all Is said an' dono. I was awful lonesomo after I loBt my first." Mrs. Pickens said. "An' It wn'n't long before I round out that thoro's a mighty sight o' dlf'ronco between washln' for pleasure as ono may say, Jest to git yourself some ex try thln's, nn' In bondln' ovor a wash tub day in an day out tryln' to keep body nn' soul together. So when I como acrost an advertisement, ono dny, tollln' about a place where you can buy a husband by payln' down ten dollars cash In advanco I mado up my mind I'd try my luck." "Why, Mrs. Pickens, tho Idea!" Eli nor gasped. "Tho very Idea!" "It did seem llko buyln' n pig In a poko," Mrs. Pickens admitted. "But I know 'twas resk ten dollars or oarn my own llvln so rar as I was con cerned, Tor Tim had been dead moBt a year an' theer hadn't hide nor hair or a man come shyln round. "I got MIh' Jones that lives next door to go with mo," sho continued, "for I ain't ono of your reckless kind an I'd read in tho nownpapcrs how women is sometimes tolled off an' murdered. But land, I needn't 'a' been skeered, for tho man that runs the place a marrlago broker, ho called hlmsolf was as pleasant-spoken a fel ler aB over I bco. Ho said ho was cer tain ho could suit me, but tho man ho brought out from tho back room was as godforsaken a lookln' specimen as I over Bet eyes on. 'Vnu nnndn't think I'm ffnln' In tnke up with such a poor oxcuso for a man as that,' I says to him. 'My sakes,' I says, 'do you think I'm lookln' for somebody elso to support besides myself?' "'He's all I got on hnnd Jest now, ma'am,' tho broker says, kind of ur gent an' perBUaslvellko. 'But there's moro to thlB ono than appears on tho Burfaco -you can't always Judgo by a cat'B looks how far Bho can Jump.' "T can,' 1 says pretty sharp, 'I can tell ev'ry time, an' thnt thero feller would novor In kingdom come earn his own salt, let alone mine.' "At that 1 marched right out of tho room an' down tho stairs nn' the brok er follered us most a block sayin' ho was reel sorry It happened so, but If I'd como again In a wcok ho'd havo a largor stock for me to solcct from. "First I was so mad at his tryln' to work off a damaged pleco o' goods llko that on no that I thought I wouldn't go noxt nor nigh him, hut ten dollars paid In advance Ib a lot o' money to Husbands ji throw awny for nothln' and whon Snt' day camo round I went back. "I had my pick of moro'n a dozen that timo, but I didn't havo no difficul ty In makln' n choice for, If I do say it, I'm a protty good Judgo o' men." "Bo enroful, Miss Ransom, don't stop On thnt coat! Hobo don't let no body but mo touch It. Tim wan a track walker," sho explained In ro sponso to Elinor's inquiring look, "an' ho got killed pullln' Hobo out from under tho whools or nn Inglno. You never boo a dog tako on tho way that ono did. Ho was Jest wild till I garo him that old browu coat o' Tim's to lay on." "Oh, tho dear, fnlthful llttlo follow!" tho girl cried. "Oh, Mrs. Pickens, when I seo how loyal, how true to their best Instincts a dumb brute can bo it makes mo nsljamod or mysolf nnd my Hind!" Mr8. Plckons looked puzzled nnd n trlflo puzzled. "Well. I dunno," oho said slowly. "It seems as If It would show moro senso ir Hobo 'd stay with some o' them fellers that treat him so woll Instead o' comln' back hero to bo kicked round by Pickens when ho gits drunk, Jest for tho snko of lyln on that old coat" "Why, Mrs. Pickens, you don't mean to toll mo that Mr. Pickens gets er that ho drinks!" exclaimed Elinor. "Then you can't bo such a good Judgo of men after al." "1 don't know why not." Mrs. Pick ens retorted. "Plckons Is aVmonoy maker an' that's what I was lookln, for. Thorn politicians says bo's tho man for tholr money, that ho can dellvor the goods. Plckons may git drunk onco In a whllo, an' ho may not bo what you'd call honeBt. but for my part I call Pickens a good bargain." "But your first husband must havo been so different." Elinor faltered, glancing at tho portrait abovo her hoall. "Ho looks bo kind nnd and honest." "Ho wnB," Mrs. Pickens confessed, n wistful shadow creeping ovor hor com placent red face. "Pickens makes a sight most monoy, for Tim wn'n't prac ticalyou'd know that by his losln' hla own llfo tryln' to savo a dog's." Thero waB a determined tilt to Eli nor Ransom's Boftly rounded chin n sho wont down tho steps or tho tene ment houso a moment later. A man twice her ago with toll-talo linos about his mouth nnd pouches under his wa tery gray eyes, hurriedly advanced to meet her. tossing away as ho did so an oily, black cigar. "Hero you aro at last," ho said. "What tho dovll aro you carrying that bundlo for? I told you to pay tho womnn what you owed hor and1 Bar good-bye to her slnco you Insisted' upon It, but your things aren't worth bothering with You'vo boon down on your luck so long that your clothcn aro about all In. But we'll fix all thnt. llttlo girl," ho added graciously, his frown relaxing Into n Jovial man nor that was even moro unpleasant than his nnger. "I'm not going with you, Mr. Archer I I can't marry yo'u." tho girl said. "I suppoao you want a llttlo more coaxing." ho said sullenly, "but. my girl, you'vo kept mo dangling nrtor you long enough!" he exploded, laying a heavy hand on hor arm. "Come with mo now, Elinor, and ror tho rest or your to you will got the flno clothes, and the Jewels nnd tho pet ting that ovory protty woman wnnts, but I'll never glvo you nnothor chnnce to mako a fool of me onco for all, Is It yes or no?" "It Is no! no! no!" Elinor cried, pulling away rrom tho touch or hl hands. Ho turnod away and loft hor with a muttered curse, but Elinor Rnnsom, trudging along tho hot pavement In haling the dust and odor loft In the trail of tho big car, relt curiously light-hearted. Ttjrnlng tho corner she almost ran Into a shabby, broad-shouldered young man, whoso wholo faco lighted at tho sight "of tho slim girl with tho big bundlo. "Let mo carry that ror you, Miss RanBom," he said, railing Into stop at her sldo. "All my luck 1b coming to mo at onco I thought I wouldn't bo able to seo you bororo this evening, and I could hnrdly wait to toll you that I'd got a stnrt nt last I You must havo seen that I loved you, dear." tho young lollow went on, his volco shaking with tho forco of long pent-up passion; "but I thought It was only fair to stand asldo and let Arch er, who could offer you a Hfo or ease and luxury, win you If ho could." Elinor looked up quickly nnd saw In tho dark eyes that mot hers tho same expression Bho had seen In tho crudo portrait of poor Tim Ryan "the look or a man unbought." "But at last 1'vo got my chance." John Talbot said Jubilantly. 'I can't offer you much except my lovo nnd a vory modest llttlo flat, but I'm going to mako good, I'm sure of it now Tell mo, Elinor doarost do you llko roe well enough to risk marrying mo tomorrow?" "I don't consider it a risk, Jonn, dear," tlio girl Bald demuroly, a deli cious dimple lurking In tho corner of her lovely mouth. "But O, Johnf John!" Bho walled suddenly, cjasplne his arm In tho shock of realization or hor narrow escapo from lifelong mis ery. "Just suppose I hadn't stopped at Mrs. Pickens and learned rrom her what a bargain In huBbands really la!"