The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922, May 26, 1910, MEMORIAL DAY SECTION, Image 9

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Useful Household Article
Wc have just rect-ived some of the newest
of .household Articles and desire to put one in
every home in this vicinity. We are not go
in,tb sell them but arc going to give one
with your next purchase of a pair of shoes.
Colburn's Cash Store
Farm Wagons Buggies
Everything in
Harvesting Machinery
Harness and Saddlery
319 Box Butte Ave. Phelan Opera House Block
I. Gregg & Son s
Premium Offer
Wevill rivc a special premium of Ten Dollars
($10.00) to the winner of first premium on best loaf of
bread at the Uox Butte county fair this year, if the bread
was made from flour bought of us
To the winner of second premium on loaf of
bread we will give a special premium of Five Dollars
($5.00) on the same conditions.
Now is the time to commence practicing
with this flour.
We v handle the
E. I.Gregg Sc Son
A Broad Choice
of Vacation Tours
Very low round trip rates this summer to the
Pacific Coast
Chicaoro and the Lake Region
'Atlantic Seaboard and Eastern Cities and Resorts
Colorado and Utan Resorts ,
Space does not permit giving them all in detail, but now is
' the time to get in touch with your nearest ticket agent or write
' me regarding fares, etc., and let me help you make your sum
mer vacation plans.
IIOMESECKtRS' EXCURSIONS the first and third Tuesdays of each
month from the East to your locality. Write your eastern
friends, and also mention the excellent opportunities open to
business men and investors in the new towns springing up along the
Burlington's new main line through Central Wyoming.
tlmrtford Klro Insurance Company.
North American ot Philadelphia.
Phoenix of lllooklyn. New York.
Continental of New York Olty.
Vlmnifu ltra. InutlMinM fnlTinilDTi
SlmilwniSininn Assurance Co.. LondonKiremans Fund InsurancoCo
aermunlu Fire Ins. Oo.
Suite of Omaha
L. W. WAKELEY, G. P. A., Omaha
I &. .a! I unflnn url ,21.. Va ."
German American Ins. Co., New York.
New Hampshire
Columbia Fire Insurance Company.
nltllfiHuVnhlrt II miarivrtf irw
i'beentx Ins. '.o.. Hartford. Conn
i ?5 i Xa ncVcherlUock
Office I o-htairs.iicreheriilocK.
Home Course
In Poultry
III. Poultry Houses
and Furniture.
Formerly Poultrymtm at Kanmi Expert
ment Station, Commercial Poultry Ex.
pert of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture, Author
of "The Dollar Hen."
(Copyright. 1910, by American Press Also
THERE tiro two ways la which
money Is lost la the poultry
houso construction. Too Qrst
method, which Is the way
many farmers lose their money. Is by
giving the fowls such poor quarters
thut they havo no protection against;
the weather and predutory animals.
On the other baud, vlllago poultrymca,
and especially the novlco who proposes
to take up poultry keeping ns a pro
fession, very frequently loso money by
building more elaborate and expensive
poultry houses tbnn there Is any ueed
Indeed, many houses are built so
tight and warm that poultry kept la
them are less healthy than they would
be in a house of a small fraction of
the cost. There are throughout the
eastern states a number of defunct
poultry plants In which the cause of
failure Is now attributed to the Idea
of poultry house construction which
prevailed teu or fifteen years ago. At
thut time houses were made with pad
ded walls and entirely inclosed, so that
the chickens while roosting In the
house at night were kept so warm
that they caught cold upon going out
Into the weather nest morning. The
present tendency Is toward lighter,
cheaper, better ventilated buildings.
The two general forms of poultry
houses In use arc the long house and
the colony house. The long house has
several pens under one roof and Is
adapted to the village poultrymau who
wNhes to keep several breeding pens
of lowls and who must keep them
yarded. The farmer or egg farmer
will almost Invariably construct his
poultry house or houses on the typo of
the colony house that is, the house
which Is to contain one tlock of fowls.
Simple Houses Best.
The house must be planned for the
heu'a comfort. Auy embellishments or
fancy work that is added' to please the
owner should not be charged up
against the productive powers of the
hen, for she ueeds a place to sleep, cut
and scratch out of the weather and
cares little whether this protection be
in the form of a painted building with
a silver plated weather cock on the
lightning red or a piano box covered
with tarred paper.
The poultry house should be only
high enough for the keeper to stand
erect, any greater space being a
waste and making the house colder In
winter. The house should contain
about five square feet of Uoor space
per lieu if the fowls are yarded, while
the fowls 'i free range may get on
with somewhat less Bpnce. The mild
er the climate the less Indoor accom
modations will be required by the lieu
Good Drainage Is Vital.
The poultry house should be located
upon the bct drained soil available on
the farm. The sandiest soil that will
still grow crops Is desired for poultry.
If the poultry house be located on
pure sand there will be no green crop
or Insect life for the fowls to furnish
feed and amusement, and then results
will be little better that) upon bare
board llonrs.
On the farm the lieu should be sepa
rated as far as possible from the hog
pen, especially if heavy breeds are
kept; otherwise the hogs In snapping
at fowls that are stealing their feed
in i.v learn the taste of chicken tleah.
Poultry may be placed near the or
chard, but coops for young chicks
should not be put under trees, especial
ly with Leghorns, ns the young stock
will form the habit of roosting in
the trees, nnd serious trouble will be
experienced when the cold weather
comes on. It Is usually Impractical to
locate poultry houses so that the hena
will not find the garden, and we must
chose between fencing the hens or the
A stone foundation Is best for the
poultry house that is permanently lo
cated, but where stone Is expensive
this may be replaced by cedar, hem
lock or Osage orange posts. Colony
houses nre best built ou hemlock mud
Fills cut like sled runners so they may
he moved to fresh ground.
Kloors may bo constructed of rough
boards or cement. Comeut floors are
ivcucllent. tut If well constructed nr
e.pen,slve f'heapfy const rwted ce
eiciil floors will not last. P.oard floors
ore common and arc preferred by
many poultrymcn, but built closo to
tbo ground they harbor rats, whllo If
open uuderneath they make the house
cold. Earth floors arc generally most"
satisfactory for houses for mature
fowls. It Is always desirable to grade
up the site of the poultry houso so
that the water will run away from
tbo building. Where the soil is heavy
this Is essential, for dampness lu a
poultry house is nu evil which must bo
Tho walls of the chicken house must
first of all bo wind tight, Tho cheap
est way to obtain this Is to use up
right boards and batten the cracks,
various kinds of lap-sldlng gtvo similar
results. Single board walls may bo
greatly Improved by Ilnlug with build
lug paper, or the wall as well ns
tbo roof of tho building may bo cov
ered with prepared roofing. In very
cold climates the wall may be built
of double boards with building paper
lu betweeu.
Tho question of rootling Is an argu
ment betweeu tho uso of shingles and
of prepared rooQug papers. Tho for
mer are preferable, but moro expen
sive, and whero you know the tnako
of a rooting which you aro suro is du
rablo It Is usually to bo chosen. Ono
typo of poultry houso roof that has
given excellent satisfaction Is mado
of matched cypress boards, with no
other covering whatover. I havo
seen such roofs ten years of age that
wcro In a perfectly sound nnd weath
er proof condition.
The most common form of roof for
the long poultry houso Is 'the single
slope. In a houso of fourteen feet
lu width a height of seven and one
bnlf feet lu frout nnd five feet In tho
rear Is a very good proportion. If tho
shluglo rooting Is to be used it Is prob
ably better to make tho house of dou
ble nltch. This, in order to cot tlm
i a . --
. house high enough for windows aud
doors, will make the couo unnecessari
ly high. The dllllcufty Is sometimes
avoided by having an uneveu double
pitch roof that is, having the cono
uearer tho front side.
The object of vcntltntlug chicken
houses Is to supply a rcasonnblo
umount of fresh air and, what Is equal
ly Important, to keep the house dry.
Ventilation should never be by means
of cracks lu the walls or cupolas or
openings In the roof. Systems of pipes
which remove tho foul air from near
tbu floor form a complication which
experience has shown to be more
trouble than It Is worth. The most
practical schemo of ventilating poultry
houses Is to have ouo 'or more windows
lu front oT the house which arc cov
ered with cloth Instead of glass or In
less severe climates having the win
dows covered with poultry nottlug
only. An opening In one side of n
room, the other three sides of whlcji
are closed, will provide ample ventila
tion, while the fowls roosting lu the
far side of the compartment will keep
comfortably warm aud free from
drnfts If dry and protected from
the wind a chicken will stnnd pretty
low temperatures without 111 effects.
Have as Little Furniture as Possible.
Make all roosts on the snme level.
The ladder arrangement causes tho
birds to fight for tho highest perch
and offers no advantage whutcver.
Havo roosts and all other Inside poul
try furniture so that It may be read
ily removed for cleaning aud lice
painting. Put lu only enough roosts
to accommodate the heus and let them
be lu the back side of the house. The
Uoor beneath the roosts may be sepa
rated from the rest of the house by u
board set on the edge, which will pre
vent the droppings being mingled with
the litter of the feeding floor, or the
roost may tie placed over a platform
raised some two or three feet above
the floor. In cold climates an extra
cloth curtain is sometimes hung lu
front of the roost, thus forming a cup
board or closet. This curtain should
be let down only on extremely cold
Poultry Yards.
The farm poultry keeper of the old
school does not yard his fowls. The
fancier, who Is generally a village or
city dweller. Is obliged to construct
yards As tho fancy poultry breeders
(tre the ones who do most of the writ
ing for the poultry papers, the Idea of
yards be nine Infused Into poultry lit
erature. wth the resldt that farmers
who begin to take an '.wierest lu poul
try breeding often go to 'the expense
of building poultry yard In Imitation
of the town poultry man Now, us a
matter of fact, yarded poultry can
be made to give really better results
than fowls on free range, ittt It takes
a lot of unnecessary labor to supply
them with the shade, xeielso and
green food that they secure ou the
range. Yarded fowl. If left ro take
care of themselves to the evtcnt that
the free range poultry nu be. will
prove unprofitable. Uy nil mcniis those
who are situated whero the clik-kem
may run free should not Iwlhcr with
yards, except a smalt run ur nne side
of the house, which mat be used tu
stormy wintry weather r when tho
hens threaten :Ijh ilemj-jction of some
fnv-irlte gard''i j
How to Treat Them 8o They Will
Keep Their Freshness.
Tho glnsa jars that nro to bo used
for canning should bo net In n boiler
of cold wntor, placed on tho stove nnd
boiled for from ten to fifteen minutes.
This completely sterilizes them, de
stroying the bacteria that cnusc fer
mentation. The Jars should be left In
the boiling water until the moment
they are to be used, Tho lings ntul
covers should be sterilized In the name
Rhubarb cau be easily entitled and
kept for winter use, when It mo ken an
acceptable substltuto for oxperHvn
canned fruit. Ilhubarb for canning
should bo cut when it Is young nnd
tender, wnshed well nnd cut Into pieces
about two Inches long. Pack tllcso
pieces tightly Into tho Jars nnd fill with
cold wnter. After nbout ten minutes
pour off tho water and All again, to
overflowing this time. Seal the cans
11 ,.wly and tho rhubai'i 111 keep until
you atjj ready to uso It.
Wheu tho tomatoes do well there is
usually an abundance of fruitmuch
mora than can bo used whllo It Is fresh.
It takes care to can tomntocs so that
they will keep, but with a little prac
tice it can bo done. Tho tomatoos
should first be wnshed thoroughly and
then boiled for nbout six minutes, Aft
er this preliminary treatment they
should bo peeled nnd sliced. Then put
them in a kettle and heat slowly, stir
ring frequently. Boll for half an hour
uiul then put Into the Jars nnd seal
These nro about the only vegetables
that aro available for canning unless
It Is ground cherries, which make de
licious preserves. If the family likes
horseradish an extra amount of It can
be prepared In the spring, when It In
plentiful, nnd kept for uso later In the
Raising Ecrly Melons.
Melons bought lu the market never
havo the llnvor of those grown In the
homo garden. Commercial growers
Belect varieties because of their ship
ping qualities, rather than for their flu'
Yor. Melons nro not tho easiest vego-
TINE HOME OltOWN muskmhlon.
table raised, but n little time nnd ef
fort spent in getting n successful crop
will be well repaid.
Tho best way to get early melons Is
to plant the seed lu berry boxes in n
hotbed or tu the house nbout six weeks
before tho usual date for plautlnu.
them outdoors. The soli should be rich
nnd flue About ten seeds should be
planted In oiuh box. Af or the plants
aro well up nil but three of tho strong
est can be destroyed.
Wheu the weather becomes wanner
the boxes can be transferred to the
cold frame aud the plants
hardened. Wheu nil danger of trust
Is past and the soil uuttiilc has be
come warm the melon plants cau be
set out hi the garden. Six feet apart
each way Is the best distance for
muskmelons and eight or ten feet for
watermelons. A fire shovelful of poul
try muuutc mixed with the soil of each
hill will greatly hnsteu the growth of
the melons. In transplanting make a
hole about tho size of tho berry box.
Strip off the shies of the box carefully
so as not to disturb the roots, place
tho cube of dirt lu the hole and pack
fresh dirt arcuud It.
, The future cure will comi-t mainly
of thorough cultivation and protection
Horn striped beetles.
Tomato Growing.
Tomatoes inust be started 5n the hot
bed rr lu tho house-jeuiiy lnJnrch. es
pecially In fho ncftiiehf St-'c. If satis
factory results are cspo r-d They
Bhould be tnuiuplnnted i the eo:J
frame about two weeks !;? re tli,.
nre set out In the gardep lu mder to
harden them. Kivijuont tran.ij lantlug
also m ikes the pl.-.utu more stool v and
develow I'je n.ct (ttMi,
As soon as danger of frost Is past
the plant may 'be set out In llu gar
den. If early toinati.ea mv wnuted
tho best pl-in Is to p!:ich off all side
shoots, ha lug only the main stein.
This should be tied to a strong slake
four or five feet high to hold it ere.-t.
When trained lu this way the plants
can be get out in rows three and a half
feet apart uud nlKiitt two feet apart in
the row.
Another plan Is to make a four sided
rack about a foot square at the bot
tom by a foot aud a half at the top.
It should be about four feet high, with
two or three slats on each side. One
of those is placed over every hill und
tho vines trained up over It. They
ripen much better when handled lu
this way than where they are allowed
to spread out ou the ground, uud there
Is not nenrly so much loss from rot
ting. Where this method Is used tho
plants will have to be set- out about
three and a half feet apart each way.
lu case there Is danger of a frost
just ns tho fruit is beginning to ripen
a little straw may be put over the
vines nights nnd removed during the
le Bee Hive
The Alliance Racket Store
210 Box Butte Ave.
Big Stock of
New Goods at
Prices Lower
than Elsewhere
Patronized by
careful and
The one place in
town where you
can buy really
good chocolates
Elytra, IFIne
Shoe Repairing.
All Work Strictly First-Glass
H. D. Nichols
Practical Blacksmitliing and Wagg
Work. Horseshoeing a Specialty
Shop on Dakota St, Intween Box Butte and
Laramie Avenues, Alliance, Neb.
E. C. Whisman
Practical Painter and
Paper Hanger
Pull line wall paper samples
Wm. James,
Dealer in
'Phone Alliance,
No. 5. Nebraska.'
Finding a Leak'
is sometimes a danRerom and dirty job
unless you are a Fractioal Plumber. If
there is any trouble in the bath room or
heating apparatus
Send for Us
and we will fix it promptly and at reason
able charge. Wc do good work and guar
antee it.
Fred Bre n na
House phone, 356. Shop phone, 744