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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1910)
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Published Every Thursday by
T(m HtfaM PutoisMnf Cinptny.
If, A. Vibiisow. Pr s. 1.1-oyu ( Thomas, gee.
tOHSf W, TllOMAS. MRf.
JOHN V. THOMAS Editor
J. B, KNIEST Associate Editor
Entered at the postoflico at Alliance,
Nebraska, for transmission through the
mails, as second-class matter.
Subscription, $1.50 per year In advance.
THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1910
Duty Five Cents a Dozen, but Still
The Keep Coming.
Tbcro Is n duty ot 6 tents n dozen
apon foreign eggs coming into this
country. That was put on presumably
la order to protect the American ben
from the competition or tbo paupet
hens of Europe.
Be that as It may, we, the consumers,
being restricted to the product ot the
aforesaid American hen, have been
paying very steep prices for our eggs
Either the American hen Is not doing
her duty or there must be hiding some
where underground millions of eggs
that ought to bo In the market.
Meanwhile some of the wholesale
dealers havo begun to rebel ngalmt
the cold storage monopolist h uihI have
begun to Import eggs from Europe it
Is estimated that 1,000.000 dozens of
these eggs reached New York the otb
er week They are sold hero whole
sale nt '22 cents n dozen, whereas the
cold storage eggs cost !2o to !10 cents
a dozen So that, after pitying the duty
the Importers nru still nble to sell them
cheaper than the home laid eggs and
make A profit.
If these European eggs, which ore
said to be better than cold storage
eggs, continue to bo sold here what
will the cold storage gentlemen doY
Will they go to congress and demand
au extra 5 cents duty on the ground
that they nre being Injured by unfair
forclgu competition? People who per
mil a tariff on eggs deserve nu egg
VOTE AGAINST TARIFF.
Republloan Editors In the East Are
Dead Against It.
Itepubllcnu newspapers In the eas
are even less pleased with the new
tariff Inw than are their western con
This was made evident by a poll nt
editors taken by the Chicago Tribune
shortly after a similar poll of western
papers taken n few weeks ago The
question asked in each liwtunce was.
"Do you Indorse the AldrlrlM'iuiiinu
tariff?" To this question the New
England editors replied as follows;
For the law-30 Itepulillcans und 3
independents: total, 42 Against tin1
lnw-181 Republicans nud fi" Itiitcpftid.
cuts; total. '.Ml. In the eastern 1A1
lautici states which an' niu Included
in Now England the voting was. I'or
the lawRepublicans. Hi!: ludepenu
ems. 13; total, 155. Against the inw
Republlcnns, 400; Independents, 142:
total, 518 Putting these figures to
gether for both Republicans nud Inde
pendents, the voting against the law
throughout the whole eastern division
la about 4 to I.
This significant result, together with
the election of a Democrat In placo ot
a Republican In Massachusetts, Is
enough to show tbo general disgust
which the new tariff baa Inspired even
In the Republican ranks.
The Republican Party Sees the Hand,
writing on the Wall.
How to Secure Economic Freedom.
The stmid.ird ot mum iu urn conn
try Is measured m the difTereiiie he
tween Uieciwi of wnai tin people have
to buy uuU uliat t lie tune in mii. 11
Is to their interest, therefore, lo Keep
that (HlTeivuce as wide it pus-dhie
.Most pttipie tin ve labor to Kelt, and
they have food nnu clothing in bu.
To widen their margin ot living they
should seek to decrease the price ol
food und clothing and to Increase t tie
price of labor
How are they to do the former?
By cuttlug down ttie tariff which
shuts out foreign goods una etistties
American manufacturers to "trustify
their products and thus exact u lugtiei
price for them than they are naturaiiv
How are they to increase the price ot
By voting for such legislation a win
compel the utilization or tne i-uumn
vnst resources This will increase w
demand for labor and tniifiiiiiiii
peud up wages.
Thus the margin of living N ldiitil
at both sides
Both these policies If carried mil mi
secure to ercrj man ecnnonii' trewj ,n
State Normal Schools of, Nebraska
Pnuorread heforo the Alliance Woman'
Oluti by Mrs I). W. lUyes.
Nebraska has three -State Normal
Schools, one located ut Peru, one nt
Kearney, one at Wayne which Is under
going the process of organization, and
one at Chadron in embryo.
Peru Normal Is as old as the state of
Nobrnska itself, being established by
tho first legislature In 1807. It is nec
essary to go back to a little of the
early history of Peru that we may
understand tho conditions ai they were
shortly before the establishment ot the
first State Normal.
Settlements at this time had extend
ed but a short distance west from the
Missouri River. Tho stage coach and
private conveyances were the only
means of travel. Omaha, Nebraska
City, ond Brownvllle had the luxury of
listening: to the whistle of the locomo
tive east of the Missouri, and the
present site of the Peru Normal was a
wild tract covered with a, thick growth
of underbrush and small trees, the
dwelling-place of wolves, skunks, rac
coon and deer. Llttlo yould tho visit
or of that day think that the time
would como when such a distinguished
Xlostonlan as Dr. Wlnship, editor of
the New England' Journal of Educa-,
tion, after visiting Peru, should write
'Peru, Nebraska, has the best natur
al setting of any state normal school
In the United Stutes. It overlooks tho
Missouri River and valley, is on the
highlands, far above the town und
valley, is on the crest of tho hill look
ing olf in both directions, is in tho for
est primoval, with a large variety of
noble trees. The grounds are an ever
changing dip and tip of hill and vale.
There lire sixty ucres in the forest
grounds of tho school. I only know
sixty-four of. the state normal schools,
and many of these have beautiful
grounds, but no one of them has sixty
such acres as these. U one of the
schools I do not know has superior
grounds, it would be interesting to
know of it."
In 1805, Rev. II. Burch, at that time
pastor of the Methodist Episcopal
church at Peru, began making effort
to secure subscriptions to erect a Meth
odist Seminary at that place. Through
his efforts $8,000 was pledged and a
bourd of trustees uppolnted to carry
forward the enterprise. Prof. J. M.
McKonzle of Pawnee City, was elected
president and Mrs. C. B, McKenzlo
preceptress of the new school.
In April, 1800, the corner-stone of
tho new building was laid. There was
trouble in collecting subscriptions, and
tho contractor refused to go ahead
with the building without guarantee
for his pay. Rev. Burch took the re
sponsibility for payment In the con
tract and the brick and stone work
The floors were of undressed green
cotton-wood lumber, and the doors in
to the chapel were of rough cotton-
wood with large wooden latches.
The school site was jointly donated
to the trustees by Dr. J. F. Neul, Rev.
Burch, and Mrs. McKenzte.
The first term of tho Seminary was
taught in a small building down town
which was formerly a saloon, while
the new building was being completed.
The winter term began in January,
1807, in the new building, with an en
rollment of fifty-eight students.
The resources of the school were
very small, and the winter being a
severe one, with no money to buy fuel,
president McKenzle was obliged to
procure most of the fuel from the trees
near by, putting in most of his time
after school and on Saturdays. Up to
this time a pot-metal farm-bell was
used to regulate the school, but the
extreme weather made this so brittle
that it was soon broken.
A sentiment was then awakened
among the joung ladles, and they pro
posed a chicken-pie supper, the young
men assisting in procuring and dress
ing the chickens Asu te&ult of this
social S6r was donated as a bell-fund,
which was later Increased to 8135 by
This new bell that rang tho changes
of the .school In 1307 from u private l
a public school still calls to duty from
the belfry tower. This bell has ning
at t:30 in the evening of each school
day since 1807, though It rings now,
simply to keep up the old custom.
The Methodist Episcopal Conference
refused to give any financial support to
the seminary and after warm debates
and bitter feeling the school was
turned over to the state for a normal
The state then made fin appropria
tion of $3,000 in cash and an appropii
ate endowment. ' The grounds und
buildings and all the appurtenances
were deeded to the state in August,
The first board of education was tip
pointed; and JM. McKerizie made first
president, and Mrs. McKenzle, precept
ress. The first term opened with sixty-five
students enrolled, mosj, of whom at
tended the seminary the previous year
The tuition Was made $S per term for
branuli6 abpve Ihe uommon EnglUh
branohus. With the jtousent of the
board of education, it was decided that
tlio&u willing to enter a course covering
Charles R. Hclko, secretary of sugar trust, being tried for custom frauds. Rov. W. A. Wasson, Brooklyn, resigned from church
to fight prohibition. Ho has been an nctlve leader in tho nutl-prohlbltion fight for more than two years. Halley's comet
did no harm to Mother Earth, as predicted by Sir Robert Ball. Tho department of justice will prosecute Governor
Haskell of Oklahoma In town lot Indian cases. William J. Calhoun, minister to China, sent request to have warships ready to
protect American property in Hunan province. Commander Gilmer of gunboat Pnducah, now in Nicaraguan waters, notified warring factions that ho would
BOt permit fighting in or around Blueflclds. New English king proclaimed despite saddening scenes attending funeral of dead Ubjc.
Of ihe Week
Page's "Theory and Art of Teaching''
should pay but 84 per term. Theso
students were to constitute the normal
department of the school. Normal
training at this time was unpopular,
there being only about twenty State
Normals in the United States.
The normal department was given
life and vitality when on November 11
the following declaration was diawn
up and signed by sixteen students
I hereby declare my intention to be
come a teacher in the schools of this
state, and ugrec that for three years
after leaving tho normal school I will
report in writing to the principal of
said school in June and December of
each year where I have been and how
employed. The class so formed recited
after school; as this work was consider
ed incidental work.
What a change In forty years! Now
no teacher is allowed to teach In town
or city schools without, at least, eight
weeks of normal training.
As the state appropriation was in
sufficient to equip the school many
hardships were endured. The jaultor
work and fuol supply were looked after
as In the days of the seminary,
A lurge number of books were donat
ed for a library aud valuable govern
mental documents were secured from
Washington. Another chicken pie
supper provided a fund for some of the
The growth of the school was slow,
partly on account of funds aud partly
because normal scoools were considered
expensive experiments, but through
the devotion of the president und his
small faculty, the school gradually in
creased In usefulness an t power
During the wiriter of the second'year
the legislature appropriated $10,000,
which paid off the Indebtedness ac-
Morehead, now Mrs. Joy, was for
several years a successful teacher
She Is now a respected citizen of Peru.
In November, 180, President Mc.
Kenzlc was elected as state Euperln'
tendent of public Instruction, so it be
came necessary to elect a new presi
dent. After much casting about, Prof.
Straight, a graduate of Oberlin College
was chosen us Mr. McKenzle's success
or. In 1871 an appropriation wns made,
which provided for the erection of a
new building, known as Normal Hall,
which was completed during the sum
During the intervening thirty-nine
years with very little expense it has
been kept in good condition. The
stone for basement was quarried three
miles west of Peru. This building was
the best school building in the state at
President Straight was a brilliant
scholar, devoted to his work, but was
eccentric us an executive. lie con
sented to uccept the chair of natural
science under a new president, Dr. A.
D. Williams, of New York. Dr. Wil
liams could not adapt himself to west
ern ways and was not re-elected at the
cTose of the year.
.ileneral Morgan, of the Civil War,
was elected as next president. Under
his leadership much was done for the
upbuilding of the school. The first
summer school was organized, the
faculty enlarged, and the attendance
increased to 271.
After two years of exceptional pros
perity Oen. Morgan resigned to accept
a professorship in a Baptist Seminary.
I)r, Freeman was chosen to succeed
him but did not find his work congen
ial and resigned at the close of the
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crued, put a now roof on the building, j vear School interest lagged during
and enabled the board to add to the i,9 administration One of the faculty
nucleus of ti library under President Freeman was pro-
Near the close of the spring term of ( moted to the presidency. Prof Albert
187o, George E Howard and Miss' Nichols The students were pleased
Morehead were named as candidates' with him as nu Instructor, but he failed
for graduation. They completed the to win their respect as President, He
course of study with great credit aud promptly resigned and Prof. S. R.
were presented with diplomas by the, Thompson became tho head of the
board of education, authorizing them school. Prof. Thompson was a won
to teach in any schools of the state derful man and did much fur the school
without further examination. This during his brief stay, lie resigned to
was the first graduating class of the become state superintendent of public
school. Prof. Howard has since become instruction, and Dr. Curry was elected
one of America's most distinguished re- to fill his place. The school work
search scholars, being nt the present ( went on with scarcely a j ir, since their I young worn in ha3 been selected, b.it
time professor of Institutional History methods were similar. many of 'ac stockholders of tho stock
In the University of Nebraska. Miss (Continued uext week.) yards company are women and they
GET SCHOLARSHIPS FOR THREE YEARS' COURSE.
ISS ALICE CUULEN and B. H.
Asenorf, both of f.lnroln, have
been awarded tho two scholar
sl'pa given cr.ch year by the
Union Stock Yards company of South
Omava, tluough the gei.t.a'. ntraarT,
E Buckingham. The scholarships are
worth $50 each. T'.ie yoenc people
will enter the Nebraska -agricultural
college :i3t Septep'1'"'. Mr. Asendorf
to stu!. ani"ial husbandry a.;d Ml "3
Cullen tf tike a course in domestic
science. This is t..o first time n
insisted women should get some recog
nition, and the scholarship was award
ed to Miss Cullen. "Manager Buck
ingham is much interested In the
work of the agricultural college," says
the Nebraska State Journal, "and his
gifts to the Institution have not been
confined to scholarships. Each year
a large number of the students are
guests of the stock yards company at
a banquet held at the time of the visit
of the students to the packing housea.
The company also pays the expense
of the judging team which represents
Nebraska at the international contest."
C0PriMr.io9. or inrrRNTtONi. pucss bureau
hi! hum', now r hso a million dollars I U
IMMEDIATELY PUR-CHft3t A 3.000 HOR3C PDWfR -v p CtiTZK THE Blfi (?ftCES , ( '
J era,, &' -TOETEfcHIMATION TO PC ife
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I CfflKT ,rItK "CCIVINC THE SOLID COLO f JUST S 3MftLl MATTER Or
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