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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 6, 1910)
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A Pretty Model Home.
A Small House, With Every Modern Improvement
Can Be Built For About $2,300.
Copyright, 1D0D. by Stinlcy A. Dennt. New York City.
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FIRST FLOOR PLAN.
, Wo hero show a model and pretty homo which hns every modern Improve
ment, including steam heat. This house was erected In Now Jersey recently
nt a cost of $2,500 complete. The frame is hemlock covered with two ply
building shingles and pidlng of white pine. Roof is covered with shinglqs.
Collar walls arc stone. Trim Is all cypress of special design, There is ono
largo room In attic. Hardware is all of plain real dark bronze. Stairs nro
.of oak. floors North Carolina pluo. Size, 28 by 83 feet, including piazza.
STANLEY A. DENNIS, Architect.
A Concrete Block Residence.
A Perfect Imitation of Nntuial Stone Architect'
Estimate of Total Cost, $5,500.
Copyrlcht. 1DC9, by the Thompson Architectural Company. Olean. N. Y.
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FIRST FLOOR PLAN.
The ornamental design shown with faithful detail in tho photograph wax
originally built from at Little Valley. N. Y. The color of tho block Is Imita
tion of Medina sandstone and Is often taken for genuine by persons well
acquainted with the natural stone. Size 28.0 by 43.0 without bay; 33.0
by 4U.S feet with bay ami without veranda. The first floor has Ave good sized
rooms besides the hall. The room back of the living room can be used cither
for library or bedroom. Second floor has four bedrooms with ample closet
room. Tlils residence can be constructed for about $5,500. Including heating;
lighting and plumbing.
THE THOMPSON ARCHITECTURAL COMPANY.
SECOND FLOOR PLAN.
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SECOND FLOOR PLAN.
In Live Stock
XI. Raising Draft Horses.
By C. V. GREGORY,
VUihor of "Home Course In Modern
Agriculture," "Mnklntf Money on
the farm," Etc.
Copyright, 1000. by American Pren
AISING draft horses Is otie oi
the most profitable hranchci
of live stock farming. It cat
be carried on to good advan
tago In connection with general farm
Ing, since the brood marcs can bf
used for Held work. Five or six brood
marcs will easily do all the work on
n quarter section. In this way they
will pay for their feed and care, Icav
Ing the colts for prollt.
In selecting marcs from which tt
raise draft colts size Is an Important
consideration. A horse has to weigh
at least 1,000 pounds to come In the
draft class. Every pound that Ik
weighs over that will add nt least 25
cents to his value.
Judging Draft Horses.
After size the next point to consld
cr !s npp'earanco. A draft mare should
be wide, deep and massive. She
should be fairly low sot. but not bc
short legged that she cannot move
well. She should be symmetrical
that Is. all pnrts in proper relation tc
Together with these other points
should come draft conformation. The
head should be of fair size, clean cut,
with the face slightly dished and the
eyes large, bright and expressive. A
small "pony" hend Is very undeslr
able. A draft horse with too much
nock Is seldom found, though over
short necks are rather common. The
ViO. XX. GOOD TYIH OP DltAFT MAUE
neck should Do full ns well as long.
The nock of a mare should not show
any tendency to the crest that marks
the stallion. Masculine elm meters in
a mare or feminine characters In
stallion Indicate that they will not
make reliable or prepotent bioedinj;
The shoulder should be neither too
straight nor too sloping. A straight
shoulder Interferes with action and l
usually associated with a stubby pas
terp and generally with a long back
as well. In light horses the moreslqp
Ing the shoulder the better, since this
conformation Is favorable to long or
high action. In draft horses too slop
ing n shoulder brings the point of draft
too high ami may even cause hi collar
to slip up and choke the animal. The
face of the shoulder should he broad
to give a good bearing surface for the
collar. The top of the shoulder should
not be open or coarse and should blend
well into the back.
The back of the draft horse should
be as short as possible from the top of
the shoulders to the hips. A short
coupled, compact horse can handle
himself better than one with a long,
loose coupled and often swayed back.
The ribs should he well sprung, long
and close together. The space between
the last rib and the pelvic bone should
not be over three or four Inches. The
loin should be wide and henvlly mus
cled. The region from the hips back,
called the croup, should be broad, long
and not too sloping. It Is the hind
quarters that fUrulsh the propelling
power, and size and masslveness here
are all Important points. The thighs
should be heavily muscled both luslde
and out and should !e broad when
viewed from the side. The muscling
on the inside of the thighs should ex
tend well down.
Nest lu Importance Is constitution.
This is indicated by n deep, wide chest,
a full fore flank, large nostrils and a
deep barrel. A horse that is tucked up
In the hind Uank tires easily and can
not be kept up In flesh wheu at work.
This Is an especially bad fault In
Quality Is very Important, ns It indi
cates endurance or staying power. A
small horse of good quality will do
more work than a, coarse, loosely put
together animal 500 pouuds heavier
Quality Is Indicated by a fairly thin,
pllablb s':ln: fine, glossy hair: clean
uess of head and clean legs. The ten
dons at the back of the legs should
stand out clearly, giving the canon a
flat appearance. There should be as
little meatlncss ns possible at the hock
nnd between the tendons and the
canon bone. The hoof should e of
dense, hard horn, and In hairy legged
'breeds the feather should be flue nnd
There Is an old saying. "No foot, m
horse." The feet nnd legs are very
Important, since they must do tho pro
pelling and receive all tho hard knocks
of heavy service. The forearm and
gnskln should be heavily muscled. The
mus.'les in those regions cannot be
easily covered with fat. so their size Jn
an Indication of the animal's muscling
throughout. The forenrm and gnskln
should bo long ns compared with the
canon. The pasterns should slope at
nu angle of about forty-live degree
with the ground. A sloping pastern
absorbs the shocks of traveling on
hard roads and pavements. Unwound
tiessos nre very likely to develop on
short pnstcrned horses. In moving the
horse should go straight, with a long,
Animals with serious uusounducssct
should not be used for breeders. Sllghi
unsoundnesses In mares arc not so ob
Jectlonablo as lu stallions, since the
mare does uot influence nearly sc
many colts. Unsoundnesses nre not
transmitted to colts, hut the weakness
es that are usually responsible for tin
Bound conditions nro often transmitted.
The principal unsoundnesses are ring
bone, sldebone. spavin, bog spavin,
thoroughpln and curb.
Sldebone Is a bony formation at the
hoof head toward the heel. Ringbone
may be found in tho same place, ex
tending all the way around, or it may
bo higher up on the pastern, in which
case it Is known as high ringbone.
Spavin Is a bony formation on the In
side of tho hock. Curb Is a bony en
largement at the back of the leg Just
below the point of the hock. It Is most
usually found on "sickle hocks." It
can bo readily noticed by looking nt
the leg from the side. Dog spavin
Is a soft enlargement on tho Inside of
tho hock. Thoroughpln Is a smaller
enlargement extending through tho
Joint, where It can bo felt In the web
of tho hock. Neither bog spavin nor
thoroughpln Is serious unless very
The stallion should possess tho same
general characteristics ns the marcs.
Ho should show masculinity In a strong
head, n nose inclined to bo Roman rath
er than dished, a fairly heavy crest
and a large chest. In selecting u stal
lion to breed to do not pick out the
cheapest one In the neighborhood.
Five or ten dollars' dlfferenco In tho
service fee will mean $50 to $100 dlf
ferenco on tho prtco of the colt when
it is four years old. If there Is not a
good stallion lu your Immediate neigh
borhood, take your mares ten miles or
more If necessary, but do not use nn
Inferior stallion. Often fifteen or twen
ty farmers can go In together and buy
a compnuy stallion. Do uot buy a
horse thnt Is "peddled" by a smooth
tongued agent. Such n horse Is likely
to be one that could not be sold In any
other way, and you will generally pay
twice or throe limes what It Is worth.
The best plan is to organize the com
pany Hrst and then send a competent
man to some reliable horse establish
ment to pick out the stallion.
The Value of a Pure Bred Stallion.
The question of breed Is largely one
of individual preference, if the tnnres
of the neighborhood are nearly all
grades of some particular breed It will
pay to get a horse of that breed. Ue
careful In the selection of a breed and
then stick to it. Nothing will produce
a mongrel lot of horses more quickly
than changing breeds every few years.
Above all. get a pure bred. A grade
may be a good enough Individual, but
he will nut have the long line of im
proved ancestry back of him on both
sides to give him the prepotency that
a pure bred has. The grade has mon
grel blood In him. and It Is bound to
crop out in Ills colts.
Entirely too much stress is laid on
the value of Imported stallions. For all
practical purposes home bred animals
are Just as good and can be purchased
for much less money. Size In n stal
lion Is all Important. A horse that
weighs less than a ton lu brecdlug
condition should not he used. The
mere fact that an animal Is bred in a
foreign country cannot add anything
to his actual value, and the reasons
that such an Importation is rated high
er than the domestic product are chief
ly sentimental. It Is time that this
unwarranted discrimination should be
brought to an end.
Never patronize an overfat stallion.
Fat is a convenient means of cover
ing defects, but It is hard on the ani
mal's breeding powers. When the
stallion is not in service he should be
given plenty of exercise, preferably at
some kind of work that Is uot too se
vere. He should be In good condition
nnd good spirits when the breeding
season opens. During the breeding
season he 'should lie given regular ex
ercise and plenty of it His feed
should consist largely at oats, with n
little corn, and an occasional mash
with a little ollmenl added. (Jood.
bright timothy or clover hay In limited
quantities will make up the roughage
part of the ration.
The stallion should he well trained
and kept under perfect control. Not
more than two mares should be served
" Flo. XXI. GOOD FEROHEBON STALLION.
In n day. nud this but seldom. A bun
drMl niiii'ps durltiK tho season Is nil
that a mature horse should be allowed.
If artificial Impregnation Is used, either
by r-upsule method or the iiupienntor.
the number of mares may be uoarly
doubled. Artificial Impregnation Is cer
tain and a jjreat saving on the horse.
It Is coming more Into use every year.
Where this method Is used n mare sel
dom has. to be returned for a second
I . .,
THOUGHTS ON BUSINESS
WALDO PONDRAY WARREN
A TASK FOR REFORMERS
THE offort to reform humanity should not always begin at
the bottom. 8omet!mes It Is wise to begin at the top,
and sometimes In the middle and always where tho
soil Is worth the seed.
In speaking of this matter recently a man of wide busi
ness experience said:
"Thoro Is a big field waiting for reformers. It is not
ambng tho so-called lower classes, where so much reform
effort Is spent, and where a good deal of tt Is no doubt
wasted. It Is among the people who are represented by tho
'average employe' In our great mercantile and industrial In
stitutions. It Is a sad fact that only a very small percentage
of these peoplo are really in earnest that Is, are really try
ing to do their best."
"What per cent would you say?" I asked.
Not over five per cent," ho replied. "I really think that
would be a high estimate."
"Oh, you can't mean that!" I exclaimed.
"Yes I do," he asserted. "It may vary a little In differ
ent establishments, and In different kinds of work, but In
general that Is Just about where the matter stands. My ob
servations are wide, and cover a period of twenty years.
Something should be done to turn back the tide of Indiffer
ence and shlftlessness which spreads through this class of
employes In nearly every business establishment."
(Copyright, lMT,br Jotph D. Bowltt.)
If you expect lo buy a buggy soon,
you will be the loser if you do not in
spect the shipment of these famous
vehicles received at the Palace ' Livery
Barn, direct from the factory.
It costs you nothing to examine them
and get prices.
H. P. COU
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Graduate Nurses in Attendance
HOSPITAL SFAFT Dr. Bellwood, Dr. Bowman, Dr. Hand, Dr. Copsey
.. Open to AH Reputable Physipians.
Addressall communications to
THK MATRON, ALLIANCE HOSPITAL,
OOINO KA8T AB. M. T. LV, C. T
No. 42. Datly. Lincoln flyer-
stops a( Seneca, Hnjk
en How, ltitvenna, etc 2:U5n.m a.ra
No. 44. Dally, Local from
Alliance to Heucca: thencu
htops at Mt-riiH, broken
How, Ituvenim, etc 11:45 a.m. 1:00 p. in
No. SB, Dully. From Kd?o
mont and bead wood IM u.m.
001 Ml WK8T
Ml. C.T. LV. M. T.
No. 41. Dally, Klyor -KiIku-luont.
tle, etc ,. 4:55 a, in. 1:10 a.m.
No 43, Loeul, Krigemont,
NtA-castlu,aiid west liWp.m. l-:4Jp.in.
No X), Dally, Kdgumout and
DeailwiKxl 3:0 a.m.
OOINO SOUTU LV. M. T.
No. 301, Denvor l'lyur 2:03 a.m.
No. 30E1, Denver Looul con.
cecls ut Hrldguport with
Ouernfcuy local 12i45i,ni,
COMIMl NOHTIl ', All, M. T
No. 3ft). Klyor from Denver. ' 3U0 a.m
No.'30rl, Local from Denvor
and Guernsey ir.50a.rn
fttittt saa MJWss
. t . .
. , Wallaces
t$- !-! Transfer Itae
fl - )$??. ' 1 1 tuisehi ilci iroi ds
mTl iiiuiseinnci oi'us
.?".' riHivi'il iirmi-.mlv-
U'ft&M . ' ;
. iWKxSf Jinn cnmsier work
JS&SGifcijiL v so iciiec . 'hone a.
vM$MIM rr"n,J Wallice, Prop'r.
W. F. ROSENKRANZ
Practical Blacksmithing and Wagm
Work. Horseshoeing a Specialty
Shop on Dakota St, betwetn Box Butte and
Laramie Avenues, Alliatica, Neb.
P. J. CLATTERBUCK
Farms and Ranches
HOX IILTTR AND DAWES COUNTIES
ror GOOD INVESTMENTS WRITE ME
J. P. HAZARD
Surveyor and Engineer
Parties out of town should write, as I
am out much of the time.
Charges will not exceed $5.00 and ex.
penses per day.
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