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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1909)
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The Farmers' Institute hold nt
Allinnce lnstTFridny and Satur
day? as previously advertised in
Tee Herald, is conceded to have
been one of the best ever held
in this part of the state. The
program was carried out about
as published, except the addition
of musical features. It is not
possible for us to give a synop
sis of all that was said during
the session of the institute, but
we are glad that we can give a
brief outline of some of the ad
dresses. The first session was held Fri
day afternoon, beginning at 2
o'clock. Not a large audience
was present at the opening of
the meeting but by the middle
of the afternoon the room was
The first number on the pro
gram was a piano solo, "Mazurka
in F Minor Leschetizky," by
Miss EJdith Swan) which was
finely executed. Dr. E. M. Wil
cox then spoke in his happy
manner, his subject being "Po
tato Diseases." It might be said
of the doctor as of some D. Ds.
that he "did not stick to his
text," nevertheless his address
was highly instructive, the sci
entific manner in which plant
life is sustained, by the use of
charts, as plain as a-b-c. There
was a time when the blockhead
of the family was made a farmer
but that time is past. Now we
must have specialists as it is be
ginning to be realized that no
one man can know everything
about agriculture. The farmers
are "up against it," for they
must have knowledge along so
many lines; Box Butte county
cannot be made what it ought to
be on one crop, whether alfalfa,
potatoes, dairying or any other.
There must be rotation of crops
to keep the soil productive.
Potatoes are an interesting
study, as they can be made to do
so many curious things. The
principal ingredient of the po
tato is starch. There is no known
method of manufacturing starch;
it is stored in the leaves of the
plant. This is why it is so im
portant to protect the leaves.
The two raw products which go
to make up starch are water and
carbonic acid gas (which is in
the air) and the energy or power
which convert these into starch
is sunlight. Here the doctor
showed by pictures on the chart
an interesting experiment which
had been made by pinning a
piece of black paper on each side
of a green leaf, cutting out the
letters s-t-a-r-c-h and only
through these letters could the
sunlight reach the leaf. In half
a day the leaf was detached,
' boiled, the coloring matter ex
tracted by alcohol and the leaf
then treated with a solution of
iodine, which gives starch a
purple or bluish color, where
the sunlight had reached the leaf
through the letters cut out, the
word s-t-a-r-c-h could be plainly
The starch which is manufac
tured in the cells of the leaves
is dissolved there and carried
through the stem to the growing
tubers. A simple experiment
showing that this is done can be
made by detaching a leaf from
the plant in the evening, and
another in the early morning.
After treating the leaves by
boiling and extracting green
coloring matter with alcohol, the
solution of iodine will show the
leaf detached in early morning
- almost white, the starch it con
tained havimr been sent to the
roots during the night. The
leaf detached in the evening will
be purple, revealing the fact
that it is still full of starch, hav
ing no means to rid itself of it.
Hence the great importance of
. protecting the leaves of plants.
The roots take up water and
salts of various kinds. Plants
demand a great amount of water,
probably taking three or four
thousand pounds of water to get
one and one-half pounds of solid
Dr. "Wilcox is optimistic con
cerning the opportunities we
have for growing "spuds." The
keynote of his address was that
the Box Butte fanner should
grow "spuds" not so much to eat
as for others to plant; that this
country should supply the ir
rigated districts so near at hand
with seed. His closing thought
was, "Do not let the bright boy
degenerate tinto a clerk, lawyer
or mere wage earner.' .Put him
on a Box Butte county farm and
let him make it blossom."
Mr. C. L. Fitch of Ft. Collins
was then introduced by Pres.
Reed and spoke on Field Man
agement for the Potato Crop."
He drew a picture of the pros
perous farmers of Colorado who
grow spuds and loan money to
the town people. But they must
renew their seed at least every
other year and have gotten some
from Maine, the price paid being
upwards of three dollars. Others
had gotten seed from Wisconsin.
The president of the Farmers'
club of Wells county said to him
as he was leaving for Alliance,
"See if those folks can't produce
the kind of seed we want." "A
rotation of crops is absolutely
necessary to successful spud
raising," says Mr. Fitch.
Mr. A. E. Nelson of the Iowa
Agriculture college, located at
Ames, gave a short talk. Said
he was more interested in the
crop of boys and girls than any
other, and that upon his visit to
the Iowa reform school, where
he saw 700 boys with the mark
oi crime on tneir laces, no was
told by the superintendent that
to the best of his knowledge not
one of the boys had come from
Miss Gertrude Rowan of the
Domestic Science department of
the Nebraska University was on
the program for a talk to cooks
and a cooking demonstration.
She said if it was necessary for
'farmers to meet together to dis
cuss the subjects of rotation of
ci'ops and diseases of the same,
such as the rust of wheat and
the smut of corn, and the meth
ods to employ to prevent these
diseases, and to talk of balanced
rations for the lower animals,
was it not as necessary for the
ladies to discuss the best meth
ods of cultivation of "crops" of a
higher order that disease may be
eliminated therefrom; and what
rations Avill best develop the hu
man along physical and mental
As she prepared a planked
steak, she instructed the ladies
in buying meat to select that
mottlpd with fat, not that with
the fat all on- the outer edge.
The latter was from beeves
which had winter-shrunk and
then fattened too rapidly, and
would naturally be tough ' and
Do not pound a steak nor use
grease in frying; have the skil
let smoking hot and turn the
meat so rapidly, as the old
Scotch woman said, "that a ily
cannot light upon it." Season
Pare potatoes thinly and drop
into boiling salty water. Cold
water extracts ihe starch. Do
not be afraid- of baking powders.
The harmful ingredients in them
are given off in the steam and
An appetizing menu of planked
steak, which was garnished with
mashed potatoes and peas,
glazed sweet potatoes and an
emergency pudding was deftly
prepared and the audienco in
vited to imagine a buffet lunch
eon and partake of the same af
ter the close of the meeting.
At the opening of the evening
session the Alliance Hign School
orchestra played several select
ions and were most highly com
plimented by the members 6f
the institute. Professor Nelson
was not on the program but
made an impromptu address
that was well received, after
which Miss Rowan gave her talk
on vocation of women. The ad
dross was excellent but it was
with great difficulty that it was
delivered by Miss Rowan, owing
to a severe cold with which she
The male quartette consisting
of Messrs Camillo II. Nohu, Ray
mond W. Morrison, Wayne D.
Zediker and Charles J. Tubbs
sang "The Old Oaken Bucket"
in a way that called for an en
core. "Diseases of field crops" was
the subject of Dr. Wilcox's ad
dress, which contained so much
of value to all persons interested
in agriculture that we regret
very much our inability to give
at least a synopsis of the same.
The program for Saturday af
ternoon and evening was well
received. We hope later to give
our readers one or more of the
addresses given, but at present
cannot lengthen out this article
further than to outline the pro
gram as rendered, as follows:
Afternoon session: Music by
the High School orchestra; "The
Feeding and Handling of Dairy
Stock," Prof. A. L. Haecker of
the University of Nebraska; vo
cal solo, by Mrs. E. B. Burris;
A Few Plain Words About Farm Papers
That class of farm papers which treat reliably of farm topics,
Including social and political problems as they affect the farmer,
are doing more In behalf of the reliable, progressive farmer than
any other one educational factor.
These papers deserve the support of the farmer and should
be read without stint in every rural home.
On the other hand It must be admitted that the farm news
paper field Is flooded with a lot of so-called publications that are
published with an eye single to the procuring of advertising.
ThoBe pnpers come unbidden Into your home, you cannot get'
rid of them, they carry all kinds of unclean and unreliable adver
tising and they pollute the minds and thoughts of your children,
On behalf of tho NEBRASKA PARMER, I may say aB Its
publisher that we accept no unclean or unreliable advertising
I personally guarantee the reliability of every advertiser who
useB the NEBRASKA FARMER.
We carry no patent medicine advertising whatsoever.
The NEBRASKA FARMER Is ft real fnrm paper) It was
established In 1859. It has been doing good ever Blnce. It is
owned and published by real farmers, and should be read In
every farm home in Nebraska. Sam McKelvie, president of the
company, is a Nebraska pioneer and now owns and operates
3,500 acres of Nebraska land. For the last three years be has
been called to do" instructing in the live stock judging depart
ment of the University of Nebraska. Leonard S. Herron, editor
of the NEBRASKA FARMER, was reared upon a Nebraska farm
and completed a course In tho Nebraska School of Agriculture
aB well as the Iowa Agricultural College. Professors and In
structors in the Nebraska School of Agriculture are regular con
tributors. Dozens of letters every week by our readers constitute
one of the most interesting features of the NEBRASKA FARMER.
The Nebraska Farmer Always Stops When the Time Is Out
Without a Word From the Subscriber.
A Great Series Of Nebraska Articles
Every true Nebraskan will want to read the series of articles
on Nebraska farming being published in the NEBRASKA
FARMER. Ab will be noted below this series of articles
embraces all the important phases of agriculture, stock
growing, horticulture, and kindred topics as related to Ne
braska conditions. Each article 1b written by an eminent
authority. When the articles will have been completed they
will constitute the most comprehensive, complete, and authorita
tive work on the subject ever published. A book containing
such a compendium of faultless information would sell readily
The NEBRASKA FARMER Belongs to the Farmers of Nebraska
Jt? This Is My Remarkable Oiler:
The regular subscription price of the NEBRASKA FARMER is $1.00
per year In advance. But in order to Introduce It into the many hundred
Nebraska homes where it is not now read, I will make a trial offer of
TEN WEEKS FOR 10 CENTS, AND I GUARANTEE TO STOP
THE PAPER AT THE END OF THAT TIME UNLESS IT IS RENEWED.
Furthermore, I have on hand, several hundred sets of "Language of Flowers"
post cards. There are ten cards in a set, all printed in vividly beautiful
natural colors on a gold background, and each card contains a verse of the
language ot the flower shown on the card. You know what post cards
cost you when you buy them at your local store usually two for flvo
cents. Then figure the value of these on that same basis, and you will
know what a remarkably wonderful offer I really am making when I say
that I will send the NEBRASKA FARMER TEN WEEKS, AND GIVE A
SET OF THESE BEAUTIFUL FLOWER POST CARD8 ALL for IOC
(Btamps or silver). I want to emphasize right here that this set ot post
cards 1b different from any you ever saw. They are absolutely the latest
and best. Accept this offer today by clipping the attached coupon and
scndlnsr to me together with 10 cents in silver or stnmns I will be glad
to send you a sample copy of the NEBRASKA FARMER if you will write
and ask for 1L
"Management of Land in West
ern Nebraska," Prof. E. W.
Hunt, of Syracuse, Nobr.
Evening session: Music b y
High School orchestra; vocal solo
"The Night Has a Thousand
Eyes," Rev. F, A. Graves; "Com
mercial Dairying," Prof. Haeck
er; male quartette, "Oil, That
Bull Frog," Messrs Noho, Mor
rison, Zediker and Tubbs, "Ag
ricultural Education," Prof. E.
Wireless Telegraph at Alliance
Tnlk about enterprise, Allinnce litis
other towns of tier size "skinned n
mile." liven the high school boys have
caught the spirit of progress, one of
the latest neutures bring the installa
tion of a wirelcsB telegraph plant by
Norman McCorklo and J, Carl and Paul
Thomas, drafts of the plans being
drawn by Harold Thomas. One sta
tion is at the McCorke residence, 320
West Arizona street, and the other at
the homo of the Thomas boys, 405
Mrs. Jennings and little
Bridgeport visitors Monday.
C O. Morrison returned Friday from
business trip to Lincoln.
32,000 Farmers and Their Families
Read the Nebraska Farmer Every Week.
But that isn't half enough.
I am determined to put the Nebraska Farmer
into every farm home in Nebraska.
This accounts for the marvelous offer which
I make, herewith.
Read every word of what I .say below.
J Krneit Morrison was oblighed to return
1 to his home in Oradshaw an nccount ot ill
A. V. Weaver, who represents the Lin
coln Star, was in town the latter part of
Hoy Watford, superintendent ot the M.
E, Sunday school, entertninfd the choir
and their friends Saturday evening,
Prof. Marrs will take Thanksgiving din
ner with friends nt Hcmingford.
Mist Edna Walford Is spending a few
days at home.
Mr. McKelvio was a county seat visitor
The teachers and pupils will enjoy a
two days' vacation Thanksgiving week.
Miss Walford, of the State Department
ot Agriculture, spoke at tho M. E. church
Miss McKlnney, of the grammar grade,
will visit in Wyoming this week.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Hall visited rela
tives in Scottsbluff Saturday and Sunday,
Axel Ericson visited friends In the
Mrs. Armagost spent the latter part of
last week in Gcring.
Mrs. Temple returned Monday from a
few days' visit in the Bluffs.
Hex Hnworlh made ,a business trip to
Alliance one day last week.
Arthur Peterson attended the sale near
Alliance this week.
PUBLISHER NEBRASKA FARMER.
at $2.00. Through the NEBRASKA FARMER you procure these
articles at a very low cost, indeed,
Following Is a list of the proposed articles and authors:
"Geography, Climate and Mineral Resources, Prof, E. R,
Condra, University of Nebraska.
"Growing Alfalfa In the Platte Valley," N. O. Dunlap (farmer),
"Growing Alfalfa on Irrigated 80 1 Is," F. L, Young (farmer),
"Alfalfa on Dry Lands," LouIb Brott (farmer), Sextorp.
"Forestry for Windbreaks and Timber," C. S. Harrison, York.
"Dry Farming on the High Plains," Erwin Hopt, North Platte
"Corn Growing In Eastern Nebraska," Lee Smith, Desoto.
"Nebraska Crop Statistics," W. M. Maupln, State Industrial
"Growing and Feeding Sheep In Nebraska," Prof. H. R.
Smith, Animal Husbandry Department University of Nebraska,
"Soils," Prof. C. W. Pugsley, Department of Farm Manage
ment, University of Nebraska.
"Horticulture In' North and Western Nebraska," E. F.
"Horticulture In Eastern Nebraska," O. O. Marabalf, Secre
tary Nebraska Horticultural Society.
"Corn Growing In Western Nebraska," "Grasses for Sand
Hills and Dry Plains," "Beef Cattle on Sand Hills and Dry Lands,"
H. D. Lute, farmer and correspondent, Paxton.
"Wheat Growing on Dry Lands," "Growing Hogs In Western
Nebraska," Prof. w. P. Snyder, Manager Experimental Station
at North Platte.
"Alfalfa on Eastern Uplands," C. Y. Thompson (farmer),
"Tame Grasses In Eastern Nebraska," Hon. Wm. Ernst,
"Tame Grasses In Central Nebraska," "Nebraska's Swlno
Industry," Sam McKelvie, "farmer and president Nebraska Farmer
"Beef Cattle Production," Hon. A. C. Shallenberger, Governor
"Dairying In Eastern Nebraska," Merle Little, Benson.
"Dairying In Western Nebraska," E. R. Harnly, Beaver City,
"What the Nebraska Hen Does," Mrs. W. L. McKenney, poul
try editor Nebraska Farmer.
"Agricultural Education," Prof. E. A. Burnett, Dean of Agri
culture, University of Nebraska.
"Spuds," Val Keyser, manager Nebraska tamers' lujtltutos.
"Nebraska's Wheat Industry," "Hay," J S. Herron, editor
"Pure Bred Stock," S. IL McKelvie, publisher Nebraska
The Club Price off the
and the NEBRASKA FARMER is
S, R. McKELVIE, Publisher Nebraska Farmer;
Lincoln. Neb.: I enclose herewith 10 centB in (stamps)
(silver), for which you may send the Nebraska
Farmer ten weeks nnd tho, "Language of Flowers"
post enrds (10 in the set). Send to
P. O State
Miss Hulda Peterson It atayiog with
her brother Arthur, keeping house for her
younger brothers while they attend school
The storm has hindered somo from get
ting to Sunday school and church. We
hope wo will have belter weather from
this on. Preaching every Sunday at it
We need a school in Quaker Valtey. ,
There are more than a dozen scholars to
attend. Let us get together and organize
a district and have a spring term if we
can't gtst one sooner,
Garden may be a yery good name for
our new county, but somo of us aro not
pleased with the division, as wo will bo
some 40 miles now from the county seat,
which Is too far, Wo wanted the north
part of Deuel county and the south part of
Sheridan county divided and have a coun
ty seat nearer homo.
Cash Farley and Allle Jamison wore Al
liance visitors Wednesday.
It should be a fit representative of yow
business, which means the high grade, ar
tistic kind, That, the kind we do.
AN EXCELLENT ASSORTMENT
OP TYPE, 'GOOD PRESSES AIJD
These represent our facilities for doing
tho kind of printing that will please yon.
The prices are right, and prompt delivery
tho invariable rule at this office.
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