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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 21, 1909)
J. P. COLBURN
Dry Goods, Clothing and
204 BOX BUTTE AVE.
New Fall and Winter
Some Exceptionally Nice Fall Suits Just Received
You are Invited to calf, examine goods
and get prices.
FIRE INSURANCE A G-E NO Y
REPRESENTS THE FOLLOWING INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Hartford FIro Insurance Company.
North American of Philadelphia.
Phoenix of Blooklyn. Now York.
Continental of New York Olty.
Niagara Flro Insurance Company.
Commercial Union Assurance Co., London
ucrmama i ire ins. uo. jcociiuster uerman ins. to.
State of Omaha Office L'o-Stolrs.FIctchcr Mock.
GRADUATED NURSES IN ATTENDANCE
HOSPITAL STAFF Dr. Bellwood, Dr. Bowman, Dr. Hand, Dr. Copscy
Open to All Reputable Physicians.
Address all communications to
THE MATRON, ALLIANCE HOSPITAL,
IJIH r i it
Gasoline Stoves and Ranges 3
OPERA HOUSE BLOCK
CHAS. C. STREET
Traveling Agent in
Box Butte county for
J. R. Watkin's Celebrated Household Remedies
Poultry and Stock Tonic
Flavoring; Extracts, Ground Spices
Toilet Articles, Soaps and Perfumes
Liverpool. London and Olobe Ins. Co.
German American Ins. Co., New York.
Columbia Flro Insurance Company.
Phoenix In Jo.. Hartford, Conn
Klrcmans Fund Insurance Co
f ' and transfer work
solicited. Phone i
TnrffrfflYTnyf- Frank Wallace, Prop'r.
of all descriptions
for any part of a
house or barn.
Dierks Lumber &Coal Co.
Phono 22 D. Waters, Mgr.
C, B. & 0. Watch Inspector
Ratnpay Brothers' Sale of Short
Horns nt Dunning, Nebr., Saturday,
Oct. 16th, nt 1 p.m., sharp. 34 head,
consisting of 26 females ant) 8 bulls.
For further information wtito for cata
log. Ramsay hros, Seward, Neb.
RULERS GIVEN AWAY AT
When a Plumber is Needed
send for us. We have plenty of time
now 10 attend to all classes of work
This is not our busy season and it will
pay you to have your
PLUMBING, HEATING, FITTING,
etc., attended to now before the rush
of work begins. We are thoroughly
posted in our business and an order
from you will promptly put all our
knowledge and skill at your service.
The cost will not be great.
I make a specialty of ce
ment walks and work. Have
been constructing same in Al
liance more than one year,
and invite the most rigid in
spection of my work. Use
only the best of materials and
make prices as low as can be
done with honest work. Have
had many years experience in
cement construction in vari
ous cities. Remember poor
cement work is dear at the
cheapest price and when you
have had to replace it is mon
ey thrown away.
All Work Strictly First-Class
il. D. Nichols
BOX BUTTE AVENUE
1st door north of Herald office
-. ID. rbTETTsT
Col. New has had 25 years'
experience and is one of the
most successful auctioneers in
Dates made at this office.
LLOYD O. THOMAS
Public Stenographer in Office
405 Box Butte Ave.
P. J. CLATTERBUCK
Farms and Ranches
IIOX UUTTK AND DAWCS COUNTIES
For GOOD INVESTMENTS WRITE ME
On the Farm
XVI. Orchard Manage
ment By C. V. GREGORY,
Author of "Homo Gourso In Modern
Copyright, 1939. by American Press
OH n few years after tin young
orchard Is set out It will do
better If It Is cultivated. Dur
ing these first few years, be
fore the trees como Into bearing, It Is
neither necessary nor desirable to let
the land He Idle. Some cultivated crop
can be grown between the rows of
trees, thus utilizing the land and giv
ing the orchard the needed cultivation.
Corn is not a very good crop for this
purpose, since It grows too rank, shad
ing tho young trees and depriving them
of their share of the moisture supply.
Potatoes are one of the best crops that
can be grown in n young orchard.
Squashes and cabbages also fit In well.
It LS often convenient to have tho veg
etable garden In the orchard during
the ilrst few years. Small fruit can
also be profitably grown as a filler
crop. Where bush fruits are used,
however, they must be cut out as soon
as the orchard comes Into bearing.
Whatever crop Is grown It should not
FIQ. XXXI PLUMS HAKaiNd THICK.
come within three or-four feet of the
young trees, as they need plenty of
sunlight and moisture.
The filler crop should recelvo fre
quent and thorough cultivation. As
soon as the laud cau be worked in the
spring it should 'be plowed, uulcss this
has been done the fall before. After
plowing tho disk or spring tooth har
row very effectively breaks up tho
clods utid lines the surface. A final
harrowing will complete the process of
getting tho soil in shape.
Thero are two principal objects lu
cultivating the orchard. In tho first
place, cultivation, as explained in ur
ticle No. 2. liberates plant food and so
enables the plant to make a faster
growth. It Is a wasteful practice to
apply fertilizers to the orchard until
you have nmdo the fertility that is al
ready then! available by cultivation.
The second rcasou for tillage is to
conserve moisture nnd promote deep
rootlug. The upper layer of a cultivat
ed soil Is dry, and In consequence tho
roots will turn downward to seek a
layer in which thero Is more moisture
At tho same time tho upward .rise of
water by capillarity is checked just at
the dry layer, so that little is lost by
evaporation. It is very important to
make the soil a vast storehouse of
moisture for orchard trees, since they
'must have large quantities If they are
to produce profitably. A full grown
apple tree gives off as much as 250 gal
lons of water 11 day through Its leaves
during the summer months.
As the trees come Into bearing the
growth of 11 cultivated crop between
the rows should bo discontinued. Some
cultivation, however, will still be nec
essary If the best results are to bo se
cured. One of the best means to give
this is by plowing and preparing the
soil in the spring nnd then sowing
clover or some legume as a catch crop.
This will supply the soil with nitrogen
nnd humus nnd keep it in good phys
ical condition. Calves, sheep or hogs
may be turned into the orchard In the
fall to eat the clover, or it may bo
plowed under the next spring.
The trees will bo so large by this
time that It will be Impossible to cul
tivate closo to them, nor Is this neces
sary, since the feeding roots are far
ther out In the spaces between the
rows. The space elope around tho
trees may bo seeded to blue grass or
fcomo other perennial.
As tho orchard gets older It may be
loft In clover for two or three years
at a time. An occasional plowing and
rcflcodlng will he necessary to renew
tho clover nnd to prevent tho orchard
from becoming Fed bound. If used as
n hog pasture the hogs will koep tho
soil loosened up sufficiently, at the
same time adding considerable fertil
ity. In such a case all the treatment
that Is neewsary Is an occasional re
seedtng. If woll fed the hogs will do
no damage to the apple tree-?. On
the other hand, they will do a great
deal of good by entlna. wormy fruit
and thus destroying the ivorins.
Where It Is not convenient to allow
hogs or sheep lu the on hard on occa
sional load of well" rottrd stable ma
nure will be beneficial. Do uo pile
this around the treos, but si utter It
evenly over the ground. Weed asherf
are a good substitute for manure, but
can seldom be obtained lu sullklcnt
nmounts to be used to ndvantn-to.
If the orchard Is properly attended
to from the start little pruning v. Ill he
necessary, it Is much better to plne'i
off n twig occasionally than to nil o.t
a branch as big as jour arm a few
years inter. It takes but a little time
to go over the orchard In the sprlivj
nnd clip olf such twigs ns do not socm
to be needed, The object should he lo
produce an even, spreading, some
what open head. If It ever does
become necessary to remove large
branches they should he cut close 'o
the trunk and the wounds painted
with white lead. It Is better to do
this severe pruning In the winter be
fore the sap begins to run,
Spraying For Insects.
One of the most effective means of
securing large crops of fruit Is spray
ing. Fruit trees of nil kinds nro sub
ject to many Injurious Insects and dis
eases, which If left to themselves will
materially lessen the yields. Thero are
two kinds of Insects biting and suck
ing. The former enn be combated by
means of poisons sprayed upon the
leaves. The sucking Insects, of which
plant lice aro the most common exam
ples, cannot be killed In this way,
since they drill Into the plant and suck
the Juices. The most effective remedy
for them Is some Insecticide which will
kill by contact, llko kerosene emulsion.
This Is made by dissolving half n
pound of soap lu a gallon of boiling
water, adding two gallons of kerosene
nnd churning the mixture violently un
til the oil Is thoroughly mixed with
the soapsuds. This Is diluted with
nine times ns much water beforo
using. It may be applied with n Bproy
pump whenever tho lice are trouble
some und Is a very effective remedy.
Tho biting Insects nro by far tho
most troublesome lu tho orchard. Of
these the codling moth probably docs
the most damage. It Is the larvae
hatched from tho eggs of the codling
moth that cause wormy apples. Tho
tent cntcrplllar and canker worm nt
tack the leaves, sometimes stripping
tho treo bare. There Is no better rem
edy for these Insects thnu parts green
dissolved lu wnter at tho rate of ono
pound to 100 gallons. Three pounds of
freshly slaked lime should be added to
prevent Injury to tho foliage. Paris
green can also bo used for the plum
curcullo nnd for the other Insects which
attack tho plum and cherry. The foil
ago of these trees Is more tender than
that of the apple, however, and for
that reason some less severe insec
ticide, such as arsenate of lead dis
solved at tho rate of three pounds to
fifty gallons of wnter, is better.
Spraying For Fungous Disoasea.
The mos,t troublesome fungous dis
eases arc apple scab, plum, pear and
cherry leaf spot and peach leaf curl.
Tho most efficient fungicide is bor
deaux mixture. This Is made by dis
solving four pounds of copper sulphate
and four pounds of lime In fifty gal
lons of water. The object of a fungi
cide is not to cure diseases, but to pro
vent them. Those fungous dlscaseJ
spread by means of spores, which are
carried from leaf to leaf by the wind.
When they alight on a leaf, especially
If the surface Is a little moist, they
grow and produce another center of
disease. If the leaf Is covered with a
thin coating of the copper sulphate
mixture the spores are killed beforo
they start to grow. Since fungicides
uro preventives rather than curen It Is
Important that they be applied early.
In order to save time parls green may
be added to the bordeaux mixture nt
tho rate of four ounces to fifty gnllons
or arsenate of lead at the rate of two
pounds to fifty gallons nnd one spray
lng made effective for both Insects and
If you have many fruit trees it will
pay to send to tho experiment statlou
for n spraying calenilnr, which will
FIG. XXXII XUKViaVTINCl Al'l'LU onoi".
give full directions concerning time
and manner of spraying. For -apples
the first spraying should be given
nbout the time the first lenves burst
the buds, the second just before the
blossoms open and tho third just be
foro they full. If necessary, a fourth
spraying may be given from ten to
twenty days nfter the third. In late
July or early August another spraying
should bo given for the second brood
of the codling moth. Tho two most
Important sprayings are just before
the blossoms open nnd just nfter they
15oxes are better than barrels for
mnrhotlug high class fruit, as the fruit
can be presented more attractively In
this way. There is nn advantugo in a
small package, too, ns people will often
buy a box of apples when thoy would
never think of buylug h barrel.
Miss M. Ruth Taylor
TEACHER OF PIANO
324 West Idaho. Phone 205
Edith M. Swan
and Musical History
Studio 424 Laramie Avenue
r h o n aa o '
Repairing- a Specialty
Phono 605 507 Sweetwater Ave.
AT L W.
Attorney at Law
Office In rooms formerly occuplod by
R, C. Noleman, First Nali Dank blk
'Phono 180. ALLIANCE, NEB,
H. M. BULLOCK.
Attorney at Law,
WILCOX & BROOME
LAW AND LAND ATTORNEYS.
Long experience In stato and federal
courts and as Register and Receiver U. 3.
Land Offico is a guarantee for prompt and
Office In Land Offfeo Building.
ALLIANCE - NEUHASKA.
DR. G. W. MITCHELL,
t'hyslcltin nne Surgeon Day and night c U
Office oror Uoruo Htoro. Phono 150.
Drs. CoppernoII & Petersen
(Successors to Drs, Froy St Datfe)
Over Norton's Store
Office Phone 43, Residence 30
DR. O. L. WEBER
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat
GEO. J. HAND,
I II V S I C I v N AND S U It Q E O N
formerly Intorne Homeopathic Hos
pital Ontvorslty of Iowa.
Pbone SSI. Ofiico over Alliance Shoe Htore
ltesldenco I'hono 251.
DR. C. H. CHURCHILL
' PHYSICIAN AND SCUGUON
(Successor to Dr. .1. E. Moore)
OFFICE IN FLETCHER BLOCK
Onice hours 11-12 a.m., 2-1 p.m. 7;S0-9 p.m.
Office Phone 62
Res. Phone, 85
H. A. COPSEY, M. D.
Physfclun nnd Surgeon
Calls answered promptly day and night from
oflllco. Olllces: Alliance National IJunk
UulldlnK over the Post Olllco,
Paid to Eye Work
Drs. Bowman & Weber
PHYSICIANS and surgeons
First National Bank Bldg. Rooms 4-5-6
Office hours, 10 to 12 a. m.,
1:30 to 4, 7 to 8 p. m.
Office Phone 65 Res. Phone 16 & IS4
Dr. H. R. Belville
All first-class up-to-date work done in
most careful manner
Opera House Block Alliance, Nebr.
T, J. THRELKELD,
Undertaker and Embalmer
OFFICE PHONE 498
RES. PHONE 207
THE GADSBY STORE
Funeral Directors and Embafmers
OFFICE PHONE 498
RESIDENCE PHONES 207 and 510
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