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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 14, 1909)
J. P. COLBURN
Dry Goods, Clothing: and
204 BOX BUTTE AVE.
New Fall and Winter
Some Exceptionally Nice Fall Suits Just Received
You are invited to call, examine goods
and get prices.
FIRE INSURANCE A GE NO Y
REPRESENTS THE FOLLOWING INSURANCE OOMPANIE8.
Hartford Fire Insurance Company.
North American of Philadelphia.
I'hoenlx of lilooklyn. New York.
Continental of Now York Olty.
Niagara Firo Insurance Company.
Commercial Union Assurance Co., London
uermania i iro ins. uo. jtocnesior ucrman ins. co.
t-tutuot Omaha Office UoStnlrs.Flctchcr lllock.
GRADUATED NURSES IN ATTENDANCE
HOSPITAL STAFF Dr. Bcllwood, Dr. Bowman, Dr. Hand, Dr. Copscy
Open to All Reputable Physicians.
Address all communications to
THE MATRON, ALLIANCE HOSPITAL,
n s$ejr L
iwmHasttttw&mzzzss'ir'. : .w
1 ir iiFliTTrMi f ffii 'l iSSBrSvvrf. -. ?.
I y7f-Trj'7JTTtV?JJi.irf fJUTKiLV "lLXU!l r ' V !-
Gasoline Stoves and Ranges
5 OPERA MOUSE BLOCK
CHAS. C. STREET
" .- ALLIANCE, NEBRASKA
Traveling Agent in
Box Butte county for .
J. R. Watkin's Celebrated Household Remedies
Poultry and Stock Tonic
Flavoring: Extracts, Ground Spices
Toilet Articles, Soaps and Perfumes
Liverpool. London and Olobe Ins. Co.
Gormun American Ins. Co., New York.
Columbia Flro Insuranco Company.
I'hoenlx ins. jo.t llartroru, Conn
Kircmans Fund Insurance Co.
JUL! Transfer Line
VTrtKl Household iroods
1 , " .1
$tt' a transfer work
- MM, ' solicited. Phone 1
smxsaefSauSBSOli Frank Wallace, Prop'r.
of all descriptions
for any part of a
house or barn.
DicrksLumbcr &Coal Co.
Phone 22 D. Waters, Mgr.
C, B. & Q. Watch Inspector
Rnmcny Brothers' Snlo of Short
Horns at Dunning, Nobr., Saturday,
Oct. iGlh, nt i p.m., sharp. 34 bond,
consisting of 26 femnlcs nnd 8 bulls.
Kor further information wiito for cata
log. Hamsav iiros, Seward, Neb.
RULERS GIVEN AWAY AT
When a Plumber is Needed
send for us. We havo plenty of time
now to attend to all classes of work
This is not our busy season and it will
pav you to have your
PLUMBING, HEATING, FITTING,
etc., attended to now before the rush
of work begins. We aro thoroughly
posted in our business and an order
from you will promptly put all our
knowledge and skill at your service.
The cost will not be gnat.
Fred Bre n natn
I make a specialty of ce
ment walks and work. Have
been constructing same in Al
liance more than one year,
and invite the most rigid in
spection of my work. Use
only the best of materials and
make prices as low as can be
done with honest work. Have
had many years experience in
cement construction in vari
ous cities. Remember poor
cement work is dear at the
cheapest price and when you
have had to replace it is mon
ey thrown away.
All Work Strictly First-Class
n. D. Nichols
BOX BUTTE AVENUE
1st door north of Herald office
-A.. ID. ZNT3"W"
Col. New has had 25 years'
experience and is one of the
most successful auctioneers in
Dates made at this office.
LLOYD O. THOMAS
Public Stenographer in Office
405 Box Butte Ave.
P.. J. CLATTERBUCK
Farms and Ranches
UOX IIIJTTK AND DAW US COUNTIl-S
For GOOD INVESTMENTS WRITE ME
On the farm
XV. Locating and Plant
. tag the Orchard
By C. V. GREGORY.
Author of "Homo Course In Modern
Copjrlxht. 1909, byt American Trrn
EVERY farm should havo nt
least a few fruit trees to pro
' vide fruit for homo use. Where
soil mid elliimto are fnvornblo
nnd a good market can bo secured
fruit growing for market Is n very
The most important point In plan
nlng an orchard Is selecting the loca
tion. The laud should be naturally
well drained If possible. If not, arti
ficial drainage should be resorted to.
A uiodcrato northeast slope is tho most
desirable. Trees on a north Blopo do
not start ns quickly in the spring, and
tho danger of having the fruit buds
nipped by an uutlmoly frost Is less
ened. An orchard ou such n slope
also suffers less from sun Bcald nnd
If the hill ou which the farm build
ing!! ure placed Is largo enough the
orchard can bo- located on tho north
slope and tho buildings on thu south.
A wlndhrenk of a double row of ever
greens on the west and north will stop
the snow In winter and help to keep
the fruit from being blown oil In sum
mer. To complete this protection tho
windbreak will havo to be extended nil
tho way around, since in summer many
of tho heavy wluds come from a south
The question of air drainage Is fully
as Important as tjmt of water drainage.
Cold air Is heavy and drains rapidly
into tho hollows, while tho air on the
slopes Is warm and dry. The differ
ence of a few feet in elevation often
makes a difference of several degrees
in temperature. An orchard located on
a rise of land will escape many of tho
frosts that cut down the profits In an
orchard less favorably located. Trees
011 a hill are also less likely to bo trou
bled with fungous diseases, slnco dry
air is not favorable to them.
A soil too rich in nitrogen promotes
leaf and wood growth at the expense
of fruit. For this reason black prniric
soil is not so well adapted to fruit
growing' as some other lauds. Loamy
clay soil underlaid with a porous sub
soil makes an Ideal foundation for an
orchard. Cleared tliuberlaud is also
You cannot expect success with an
orchard if you plant the trcc3 In a
hole In the snd. The land should be
put In to somo cultivated crop for nt
least a year before setting out tho
trees. This gets tho soil In good tilth,
and the trees will havo n fair chance
from tho start.
What to Plant.
riavlng decided on the location for
the orchard, the next step Is to Bclect
the kinds and varieties of fruit to bo
grown. Tho applo la tho most widely
grown tree fruit In this country. It
has hardy varieties that can be grown
well up into the northern scctjnns.
FIO. XXIX TU1UFTY YOUNG AI'l'LE THEE.
while other varieties nro adapted to
southern conditions.' The plum Is even
more hardy than tho apple, nnd somo
of tho Improved varieties glvo ns de
licious fruit as could be asked for.
Cherries aro also fairly hardy, and a
few trees are n valuable addition to
nny orchard. In the milder sections
peaches nnd pears can bo added to the
The question of variety is ono that
must bo answered for Individual con
ditions. The old standard varieties nre
tho most reliable. Varieties that are
already doing well In your locality cnu
be depended on. Your state experi
ment station or horticultural society
will gladly furnish you a list of tho
varieties that nre ndapted to your lo
cality. One mlstako often made In
setting out nn apple orchard Is In
planting too many summer nnd fall
varieties. These are of little valuo
for market; they do not keep well
nnd aro largely wasted unless they can
bo canned or dried. Slnco the devel
opment of cold storage somo of ths
better keeping vnrletlos, such ns
Wealthy, can be kept nearly nil win
ter. Not all farmers have Ice or nro
located within reach of n Htorage ware
It will generally pay to put a large
part of the orchard Into reliable win
ter varieties. For homo use apple
are appreciated more along toward
spring and will bring it higher prU-c.
An Important point to consider in
selecting varieties 1 quality Thin Is
especially Important In those grown
for home inc. When the fruit Is to
be shipped any considerable distance,
shipping and kecplug qualities are of
tlrst Importance, and the eating ami
cooking, qualities tnke a secondary
place. Yield Is also Important.
Buy at tho Homo Nursery.
In buying fruit trees It Is best to
steer clear of agents with plausible
stories of wonderful quality and yield.
Some nursery agents are honest and
conscientious, but so many are not
that It Is dllllcult to separate the sheep
from the goats. The best way la to
make your selection of varieties and
then get the trees of some reliable nurs
orymnn In your own locality. If you
can go to the nursery and buy them of
the nurseryman himself so much the
better. In that ease you can select the
trees yourself nnd be sure of getting
good ones. Thrifty one or two year
old trees, with well developed root sys
tems, stand transplanting better and
are cheaper than larger ones.
As soon ns tho trees nre received
from the nursery they should be "heel
ed In." This Is done by digging 11
trench nnd covering tho roots and
about half of the tops with dirt. When
the trees have been shipped for some
dlstnnco It sometimes happens that
they aro frozen when received. In
this case they should be placed in
Borne outbuilding, covered with straw
nnd left to thaw out gradually. In
thin way little harm will bo done.
Preparation For Planting.
The land should bo deeply plowed
boforo planting and well disked nnd
hnrrowed. It Is n good practice to
Via. XXX LOW HUADKU AlU'LIJ Tlir.K.
mako the buck furrows where the rows
uro to, bo and thedend furrows between
the rows. The dead furrows will thus
ecrvo as ditches to carry off surplus
water. It Is better to do this plowing
In the fall If. the preceding crop can
bo got off the land In time. In the
routh the planting may be done In the
fall also, but In sections where the
ground freezes to nny depth It Is safer
to plant In the rprlng. Fall planted
trees are liable to root killing during
the winter. In the drier parts of the
country, too, the roots do not get sulll
dent moisture to supply the trunk and
branches, nud the tree Is bo badlj
dried out during the winter that It
In lauds with n stiff subsoil running
a subsoil plow down the row bufore
planting Is practiced with gord results.
In extremely hard soils a little dyna
mite exploded In tho bottom of the
hole loosens up tho rubioll eonxld
ernbly. Tho hole should be dug lar
ger than tho roots of the tree and
llue soil thrown In nrouud the roots.
The roots should bo well spread out
nnd the tree set throe or four Inches
deeper than it Is to be Dually. By
taking I10UI of the top and churning It
up and down nfter the roots have been
covered with dirt tho Boll will bo thor
oughly worked In around the roots.
As the tree Is worked up and down ll
is gradually raised to the proper holght
Fart of the top should ho cut off be
fore planting. Tho top Is dependent
on the roots for its moisture supply.
A cotnldernblo part of the root sys
tom has boon lost In transplnnthig. nod
the top should be cut Lack to match
In planting one or two-year-old trees,
known ns "whips," this cutting back
serve!- a doublo purpore by causing
the tree to throw out branches just
below where It Is cut off. In tree3 of
this kind the cut should bo a few
Inches nbovo whero the first branches
nre to i.e.
There is considerable difference of
opinion concerning the proper height
to head npplo trees. Low headed trees
nro much less liable to sun scald slnco
the branches shade the trunk. They
nro easier to spray, nnd the npples can
bo more easily gathered. There Is also
much less damage from largo branches
being broken oft by the wind. The
chief objection to low heading is that
it is difficult to get near tho treo when
cultivating tho orchard. This objec
tion, however, is hardly enough to out
weigh tho advantages of low heading.
If the soil Is firmly packed there Is
llttlo need of using wnter In the hole
when planting trees. The dirt should
be packed very firmly around the
roots. Get In with loth feet nnd pack
It as hard ns possible. It Is a gocd
plan to lenn the trees n llttlo to the
Foiith In order that tho branches may
tihndo the trunk better nnd also be
cause the hardest winds In summer
nre usunlly from n southerly direction
The standard distance npart for np
plo trees la thirty-two to forty feet
eneh way. Plum nnd cherry treox
mny bo ns close ns twenty feet. Ap
plo treos nre often planted 10 by 32
foot, the nlternate rows being of some
early bearing, short lived vnrlety.
When the latter trees como Into bear
ing these fillers should he cut out.
m .--l.,.,., F'ltl'j.T'
-! Vli. TTfT
Miss M. Ruth Taylor
324 West Idaho. Phone 205
Edith M. Swan
and Musical History
Studio 424 Lnrnmio Avcnuo
IMi o n auo
Repairing a Specialty
Phono G03 507 Sweetwater Ave.
Attorney at Law
Office in rooms formerly occupied by
It, C Noleman, First Nal'l Bank blk
'Phono 180. ALLIANCE, NEB,
H. M. BULLOCK.
Attorney at Law,
A.JL.LIA.NCJK, IV KB.
WILCOX & BROOME
LAW AND LAND ATTOKNEY8.
Long cxperienco In state and federal
courts and as Register and Receiver U, 8.
Land Office Is a guarantee for prompt and
Office in l.nud Offlee llnlldlnjj.
ALI.IANCU - NHDUASKA.
DR. G. W. MITCHELL,
Physician ana Sorgoon Day nnd nlglitcrlls
Olllcoovor lloguu Btoro. Phono IMi.
Drs. Coppernoll & Petersen
(Successors to DroJFroy & Huifu)
Over Norton's Store
Office Phone 43, Residence 20
DR. O. L; WEBER
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat
GEO. J. HAND,
I II V S I C I .k N AND SURGEON
Formerly Interna llomeopatlilc Hot
pftal Unlventlty ot Iowa.
Phono a I. Of II co over Alllntico Shoo Htore
Residence) I'huno 5t.
DR. C. H. CHURCHILL
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
(Successor to Dr. J. E. Moure)
OFFICE IN FLETCHER BLOCK
OOlco hours 11-12 a.m., U-4 p.m. 7.30-0 p,m.
Office Phone 62
Res. Phone, 85
H. A. COPSEY, M. D.
l'liyslclnn unit Surgeon
Culls nnsvroreil promptly dny and nlKht from
olIIIco. Olllcos: Alliance Notional Rank
Ualhllne over the Post Otllco,
Paid to Eye Work
Drs. Bowman & Weber
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS
First National Bank Bldg. Rooms 4-5-6
Office hours, 10 to 12 a. in.,
1:30 to 4, 7 to 8 p. m.
Office Phone 65 Res. Phone 16 & 184
Dr. H. R. Belville
All first-class up-to-date work done in
most careful manner
Opera House Block Alliance, Nebr.
T, J. THRELKELD,
Undertaker and Embalmer
OFFICE PHONE 498
RES. PHONE 207
THE GADSBY STORE
Funeral Directors and Embolmers
OFFICE PHONE 498
RESIDENCE PHONES 307 and 510
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