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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 7, 1909)
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Simple, Attractive and Homelike.
A Small, Weill Proportioned House With Many Novel
features -It Can Be Built For About $3,000.
Deilffucd by Thnmu U Wed Setttle, Wish.
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PERSPECTIVE VIEW-FHOM A PHOTOOUAPIl.
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FIRST FLOOR PLAN.
Here Is n design for a small house combining Hlmpllelty, beauty and
homelike appearance. The broml. low and well sheltered front porch with
large, Bqunre columns, tho low overhanging caves of the main roof nnd tho
perfectly proportioned dormers In the Becoud story provide an exterior
which Is simple nud nt the same time bountiful. The staircase hall Is large,
and the main landing Is provided with n window seat. An arched opening,
Laving Bquare columns with heavy mission capitals and beams overhead,
leads from the hall to the living room. The mission design is carried ,to tho
bracket shelf of a corner luuntcl of red tile In the living room. There is
also an urrhed opening between the living room nud the dining room. A
pretty feature of the dining room Is u deep bay, which litis 11 vo leaded glass
casement windows. This room also has a coved celling nnd a plate rack.
Pantry contains porcelain enameled sink, kneading boards, drawers and
locker. The kitchen and pantry nro tlulshed natural nnd the rest of the
first floor In stained mission oak. Itasemcnt. lu concrete, contains furnace,
irult room, fuel room and laundry. Size, 'M by HS feet. First story 0 feet In
height; second story, 8 feet 0 Inches; basement. 7 feet U Inches. Can bn
built for about $3,000. . THOMAS L. WEST, Architect.
A Very Attractive Design.
A House of Moderate Size With Novel but Practical
Features Approximate Cost $4,000.
Copyrlflht. 1009. by Stinley A. Dennis. New York City.
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PERSPECTIVE V1EW-FROM A PHOTOGRAPU.
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FIRST FLOOR PLAN.
The house shown In the photograph Is of moderate size and original design,
-with many novel yet thoroughly practical features. Cellar under the entlro
structure with walls of stone and cement floor. Frame, hemlock covered with
two py paper, siding and shingles. Trim throughout of cypress, stained oak.
. P .te.PlS?b,ns and UsbUnff nnd neatms fixtures are Included In the esti
mate of $4,000. Heating ts by hot nlr Lighting flxtures may be adapted for
either gas or electricity. Interior fiulshed mlsslpn stjle. with flat vnrnlsh.
Site about 20 by 80, Including bays. --
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SECOND FLOOR PLAN.
SECOND FLOOR PLAN.
On the Farm
XIV. Poultry The Ques
tion of Breed
By G. V. GREGORY,
Author of "Homo Gourso In Modern
Coprijflit, 19Z0, by Amerlaan Press
T1II3RB are breeds, varieties and
strains of jioultry almost with
out end. To the beginner In
poultry culture tho question of
which one to select Is a puzzling one,
and the older poultrymon often won
der If they would not do better to
change breeds. The purpose for which
chickens nre kept will determine
which class of fowls Is best. As to
the varieties within that class, It la
largely a matter of Individual prefer
ence. A brief description of some of
the leading varieties may be of help
in making u selection.
Tho Qanoral Purposo Breeds.
Chickens may be grouped Into four
general classes: (1) General purpose
breeds; (2) meat breeds; (3) laying
breeds; (4) ornamental breeds. The
aim of tho breeders of general purpose
fowls Is to combine laying and meat
producing nblllty to tho greatest ex
tent possible. Tho general purpose
birds will not average as prolific lay
ers as some of the moro strictly egg
fowls. For producing meat, however,
they nro fully as eillclcnt as tho strict
ly meat breeds. For the general farm
er who Is keeping poultry as u sldo
Issue tho returns from the general pur
pose breeds will usually bo greater
than from any of tho moro specialized
Tho most popular and most widely
distributed of the general purpose
breeds is the Plymouth Rock. It is a
medium sized breed, deep breasted and
well proportioned. Plymouth Rocks
nro very good layers, especially tho
first year. After the hens aro a year
old they tend to become fat and slug
gish nnd lay fewer eggs. The meat Is
of excellent quality. Tho chickens
mnko good broilers at from three to
four weeks of ago or can bo profitably
fed for later markets. They are early
maturing and as rapid growers excel
all other breeds. Chicken feeders who
crate-fatten extensively put the Plym
outh Rock In first plnco for this pur
pose. There aro three varieties of Plym
outh Rocks Barred,. Whlto and Buff.
Tho great trouble with the Barred
Plymouth Rock is tho ditriculty in
keeping tho color markings up to stand
ard. Thoy tend to become unevenly
barred, tho bars become too wide or
too narrow or tho general color too
dark or too light. From n utility stand
point this factor is of little Importance,
but whero birds or eggs nre sold for
breeding purposes It Is Importnut that
tho color markings be up to standard.
The Buff Rocks have a tendency to
vary somewhat from tho desired shade
and to produce black feathers In wings
or tall. They average- a little smaller
than the Barred or White varieties.
The Whlto Rocks breed true to color
tho easiest. The hens of this vnrlety
show oven more of n tendency to be
come overfat than do those of the
Plymouth Rock eggs are brown,
which Is something of an objection In
PIG. XXVII OOOD TYl'E PLYMOUTH I'.OCK
some market 4 nrd au u.lvautage with
others. The st.tndanl weight for the
breed Is nine unj a half pounds for
cocks and seven ami n half for hens.
Plymouth Rocks are erltl. lsed some
what for lack of hardiness as com
pared with the other general purpose
breeds, nnd there Is doubtless some
grouud for this criticism. They may
be greatly Improved lu this point by
tho use of birds of exceptionally strong
vitality In the breeding pen.
Next to the Plymouth Rocks In popu
larity as a general purpose breed nre
tho Wynudottes. They average about
a pound lighter than tho Plymouth
Rocks. The chickens are nearly ns
rapid growers and produce' meat of
as good or even better quality.
Tho Wyaudottes nro generally con
sidered to stand heavy feedlug for
'rapid growth a little better than most
of the other breeds. The hens nre
active and do not become overfat ns
easily ns riymouth Rocks.
There are sevoral varieties of "Wynn
dottes, all the same type and having
the snme general characteristics. The
only distinguishing point Is tho coloV.
With this breed, as with the Plymouth
ItocUs. the mixed colors are difficult
to breed true to standard. For the
man who docs not wish to devote a
great deal of time to l.reedlng foi
fniity points n solid color Is preferable.
tine of tho newest ff thn general pur
pone breeds Is the KLo-.o Island Red.
Thwo fowls nre very hardy and for
that reason well adapted to farm con
dltimiK. Thoy rank up well with the
Plymouth RoekB and Wyundottes lu
lnjliis ability and ns meat producers.
Tl oy nro nlx-tit the same size as the
Wyandotte, the Htnndittd weight being
eight and one-half pounds for tho cork
and six nnd one-half pounds fnr the
hen. The color Is a brilliant red. with
portions of the tall and wings shad
ing off to black. Tho exact shade of
color varies considerably.
There nre a number of other general
purpose breeds, such ns the Dom
Inlqups, Buckeyes and .lavas. The lat
ter are about the same size ns the
PI) mouth Rocks, though of a little
different shnpo. They Iny well, are
fairly good l'or meat and nro good sit
ter. There are two varieties, black
and mottled. The objection applies to
this breed that Is made to all birds
with black plumage that the black
plnfenthers detract con- Iderably from
tho npprarniue of the dresEed fowl.
Such blrdfl are seriously discriminated
against lu the markets. The foregoing
breeds have been developed In this
country and aro known ns Ainerlr-ui
breeds. There Is also an English
breed, the Orpingtons, that" gives very
good sallsfHctlon us a general purpose
Tho Meat Broed3.
Tho meat breeds, most of which nro
Asiatics, are the oldest breeds In this
country. The Brahmas. ono of the
fio. xxvm wniTn Plymouth hock
most common of these, nro large, the
mnle weighing eleven to twelve pounds
nnd the hen eight and a half to nine
nnd n half. This large size Is ono of
tho chief points In favor pf the Brah
mas. Thej are slow maturing, nnd It
takes considerable feeding to get their
largo frames thickly enough covered
with meat to be In good market condi
tion. Like nil feathered legged breeds,
the Brahma Is clumsy nnd for this
reason does not make a first class
mother. The pullets arc too slow In
maturing to lay many eggs the first
winter. Even when matured they are
not heavy layers, though they do most
of their laying In the wlutcr, when eggs
nre high. This Is largely because their
largo size and heavy feathering mnke
them less susceptible to cold. As meat
producers the Brahmas are about
equal to the general purpose breeds,
though for high class capons they nre
perhaps a little superior. There are
two varieties of Brahmas, light and
dark. The light Brahmas are thu more
popular. The black vnrlety is more
dllllcult to breed for color, and much
nttcntlon to fancy points has caused
utility to be largely lost sight of.
Cochins are the becond of the meat
breeds in , size, the males weighing
clcveu pounds nnd the hens eight and
a half. They are of the same massive,
full feathered type as the Brahmas,
averaging a trifle shorter legged and
wider across the back. Like the Brah
mas. they are hardy. They are not as
good layers, however, and are just as
slow In maturing. There nre four va
rieties, of which tho buff Is the most
Both these breeds have served a good
purposo In grading up the mongrel
strains of the country and providing
foundation stock for the American
breeds. At present, however, they
have few points of superiority over the
American breeds as meat producers
and aro Inferior to them In laying abil
ity. As show fowls they are prized
because of their size and beauty.
The smallest and quickest maturing
of the Asiatic breeds Is the Laugshan.
They aro objectionable because of
their black color, white skin and feath
ered legs and do not excel the Amer
ican breeds in any practical qualities.
An English breed, the Dorkings, aro
good meat producers, but poor layers.
For the man who Is in the poultry
business from a utility standpoint one
of tho general purpose or laying breeds
will be moio satisfactory than any of
the meat breeds.
The Laying Breeds.
The laying breeds originally came
from the region nround the Mediter
ranean bea, aud heuce nre often re
ferred to ns the Mediterranean breeds.
The most popular of these Is the Leg
horn. Leghorns aro small birds, not
more than half tho size of the Asiatics.
They aro very active and good for
agers. They outrank any of the other
breeds In laying qualities, laying both
summer nnd winter if properly cared
for. They aro not adapted to the poul
tryman who pays uo attention to his
chickens, ns they will not lay unless
they aro given good care. They lay
white eggs weighing ten to the pound.
The eggs of the American breeds
weigh eight to the pouud.
The small size of tho Leghorn hens
makes them cheaply kept. They nro
early maturing, often beginning to lay
when they are four and a half months
old. The'r flesh Is of good quality, but
their size is against them from n mar
ket standpoint. The only way the
cockerels can bo disposed of at a profit
Is to sell them ns broilers at two
pourdi wol-'.t or smaller. Of the sev
eral .w' '! of Loghorn the whlto
and I ii - the most popular from
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Opera House Block
CHAS. C. STREET
Traveling Agent in
Box Butte county for
J. R. Watkin's Celebrated Household Remedies
Poultry and Stock Tonic
Flavoring: Extracts, Ground Spices
Toilet Articles, Soaps and Perfumes
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