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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 8, 1909)
Miss M. Ruth Taylor
TEACHER OF PIANO
416 Niobrara Ave. Phone 381
DR, O. L. WEBER
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat
DR. G. W. MITCHELL,
Physician ano Surgeon Day and nlghtcrlli
Office over Uoguo Store. Phone ISO.
H. A. COPSEY, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon
Calls answered promptly day and night from
ollllce. Olllces: Alllunco National llank
Untitling over the Post OIIlco.
DR. BELLWOOD '
Paid to Eye Work
GEO. J. HAND,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Formerly Interne Homeopathic IIos
pftiil University of Iowa.
VIIL Corn Growing
By C. V. GREGORY,
Agricultural TH-OUlon. lotoa Siale Collect
Copyright. 1DO0, by American Press Association
Phone 51. Office over Alliance Shoe Store
Residence Phone 231.
DR. C. H. CHURCHILL
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
(Successor to Dr. J. E. Moore)
OFFICE IN FLETCHER BLOCK
Ofllcohours U-12a.ni., 2-4 p.m. 7; 30-9 p.m.
Office Phone 62
Res. Phone, 85
,Drs. Bowman & Weber
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS
First National Bank Bldg. Rooms 4-5-6
Office hours, 10 to 12 a. 111.,
1:30 to 4, 7 to 8 p. m.
Office Phone 65 Res. Phone 16 & 184
Drs. Coppernoll & Petersen
(Successors to Drs. Frey & Balfc)
17 and 18 Rumer Block,
Office Phone 43, Residence 20
INCE corn Is tlio principal crop
grown over so largo n section
of the United States It Is Im
portant tlint wo learn us much
as possible regarding the best meth
ods of producing it. The average
yield of corn In the Vi.ltcd States In
1007 was only 23.7 bushels per acre.
Many of the best farmers are able to
obtain nn nverago yield of sixty to
Beventy bushels prr acre ; ear after
year. There is i.j ecret in their
methods. They arc simple enough to
bo applied to every farm in the corn
bolt. There is no reason why the
nvcragc yield per aero should not bo
fifty bushels or moro Instead of less
than half that, as at present.
In preparing to raise a maximum
crop of corn there are two main fac
tors to be considered the soil and the
seed. Of these two the first Is prob-
j RED RIVER OHIO SEED j
AUG. F. HORNBURG
T, J. THRELKELD,
Undertaker and Embalmer
office thone 498
res. phone 207
Attorney at Law
Office in rooms formerly occupied by
R. C Noleman, First Nal'l Bank blk
'Phone 180. ALLIANCE, NEB.
H. IYI. BULLOCK.
Attorney at Law,
LAW AND LAND ATTORNEYS.
Long experience in state and federal
courts and as Register and Receiver U. 8.
Land Office is a guarantee for prompt and
Office, in Land Office Hulldlng.
ALLIANCE - NEIJRASKA.
THE GADSBY STORE
Funeral Directors and Embal mers
OFFICE PHONE 498
RESIDENCE PHONES 207 and 510
Repairing- a Specialty
Phone 605 507 Sweetwater Ave.
- J. N. Sturgeon
S. G. Young
Sturgeon & Young
(Successors to G. W. Zobel)
Office Phone 139.
Residence Phone 142.
Fid. XV ONE OP THK BEST WAYS TO HANG
tU HEED COllN.
nbly the more important. We have
nlrendy learned how the plant obtains
food and wnter from the soil. Tho
first step In preparing the soil for a
corn crop, then, is to see that there Is
a plentiful supply of plant food on
hand. This we can do by using barn
yard manure liberally and by follow
ing a consistent system of rotation
that will equalize the demands made
on the soil and keep up the supply of
nitrogen and humus.
The next point is to see that the soil
is in such condition that the roots
will have little difficulty in branching
out to secure the needed plant food
and wnter. Thorough plowing, disk
ing and harrowing will mnke the soil
fine nnd mellow, so that the roots
will have little trouble in obtaining
all the plant food they can use, pro
vided It Is there at nil.
The water supply can bo regulated
to a considerable extent by tile drnln-
nge and by keeping the snrfnee loose
to check evaporation. The tempera
ture of the soil Is also an Important
factor in hastening germination and
early growth. Drainage, cultivation
and the maintenance of a plentiful
supply of humus will aid greatly In
securing a warm seed bed by planting
With a warm, well prepared soil
containing sufficient quantities of
plant food nnd water the next ques
tion that comes up Is regnrdlng tho
kind of seed to put into that soil. Al
most any kind of seed will grow and
produce n fair crop under favorable
conditions, What we are after, how
ever, is not a fair crop, but an extra
The seed of different strains of corn
varies greatly In Its ability to produce
yields. In the spring of 1005 the Iowa
experiment station gathered seed from
nearly a hundred different sources and
planted It on the station grounds. Un
der conditions that were as nearly
alike as it was possible to make them
the yields from the different strains
varied from thirty-one to eighty bush
els per acre. This variation shows
that a large share of the Improvement
In corn production must come through
the breeding of high yielding strains.
It Is not safe to ship In seed corn
from a distance. Corn is very sens!-
tive to changes In climate and soil. To
obtain the best results the work of
breeding must be done for each local
ity nnd to some extent for each farm.
A method of Improving seed corn
that will surely result in some Im
provement and one tlint has simplicity
to recommend it is tlint of selecting a
number of tho best ears each yenr and
plnntlng them In a field by themselves
or In one comer of the main field. By
selecting the best ears from this breed
ing plot each year to plant next year's
breeding plot and using the rest of
the good ears to plant In the main
field some improvement can bo effect
ed. The weak point in this plan, how
ever, Is that tho yielding power of nn
ear cannot be told from Its appear
ance. Neither Is It possible to prevent
Inbreeding by such a method.
To avoid these difficulties tho "Indi
vidual car" plot has been devised. This
should preferably bo at least forty
rods from tho nearest cornfield. Where
this Is Impossible n strip along the
south side of n field of the same vari
ety may be used. As tho prevailing
July and August winds arc from tho
touth, very little pollen from the main
field will blow over on tlio breeding
. Each row In the Individual ear plot
is to bo planted with tho kernels from
a Blngle ear. As any fair sized ear
will plant n row forty rods long, this
is a convenient length for the plot.
Select from CO to 100 of the best cars
you can find among your seed corn
nnd plant them In as many rows
across the plot. Tho work can bo
done with a planter If care is taken
to clean the seed boxes out thorough
ly each tlmo across. The cultivation
given to the plot should iu the saino
as that which tho malu field receives.
Tho tlmo for special treatment
comes when tho tassels begin to ap
pear. Wo have already learned thnt
Inbreeding is wcakenlug nnd thnt
cross fertilization develops strength
nnd vitality. In order to prevent in
breeding In the Individual ear plot
the tassels on every alternate row
should be pulled out as soon as thoy
nppear. In order that theso mny bo
removed before they shed any pollen
It v. HI be uecessnry to go over tho
field every other day for n week after
the first tassels start At the samo
time any tnsscls from weak, barren or
spindling stalks In tho other rows
should bo removed. Iu this way only
pollen from healthy, vigorous stalks
Is allowed to mature. Thus tho enrs
on tlio dotnsseieu rows, uemg cross
fertilized and having only strong,
healthy malo pnrents, have a much
better chance of producing largo
yields when plnnted than would ears
picked from tho general field.
Tho most Important point, however,
Is the selection of high yielding
strains thnt la made possible by hav
ing tho enrs planted in Individual
rows. When harvesting timo comes
tho produce of each row should bo
husked separately and weighed. It
will be found thnt there is a great
difference In yield. Tho highest yield
ing rows, provided tho corn Is of
good quality, should furnish seed for
next year's breeding plot. The rest
of the good seed enrs from tho dctnB
Beled rows should bo plnnted In a
small field, known as the "multiplying
plot." Tho best of tho seed from this
multiplying plot can be used to plant
tho general fields and for snle.
By continuing this breeding process
from yenr to year n Btraln of corn
may be built up tlint will far outyleld
the ordinary corn of tho neighborhood.
In addition to the Increase In yield
which will result on your own farm, a
trade In seed com may bo built up
thnt will add materially to tho year's
profits. There aro many vnrlatlona in
tho plnn of breeding hero outlined, but
the essential point In all of them Is to
Belect tho best yielding Individual
cars and to prevent cross pollination
as much as possible.
After the seed corn Iibb been picked
It should, be stored In such a manner
thnt It will pass through tho winter
uninjured. The hints in regard to seed
storage as given in article No. 0 should
Some tlmo toward tho close of win
ter the corn should bo tested. For a
preliminary test a hundred kernels
may be taken from ns many ears In
different pnrts of the room. If tho
corn has exceptionally strong vitality
tlio kernels mny all germinate. In
case some of tho kernels fall to grow
or any considerable number show
wenk sprouts each ear should bo test
ed separately in order thnt the weak
ones may be discarded. The method
of making this test has been described
so many times in agricultural papers
nnd bulletins thnt It will be unneces
sary to give It In detail here. It sim
ply consists In placing several kernels
from each ear In n corresponding
square in the germinating box. In this
wny the vitality of each car may be
Shortly before plnntlng tlmo the
enrs should be shelled nnd run through
a seed corn grader to take out the butt
nnd tip kernels and divide the rest
into even grades. The next step Is to
block up the planter and run through
a sample of each grade, changing
plates until a set is found that will
drop tho required number of kernels
practically every tlmo. If this Is done
and well tested seed used a good
stand will nlmost certainly result.
Avoid too deep -plnntlng. All thnt is
necessary Is to have the seed well cov
ered with moist soil. If this can be
none without putting It down more
1 ooo"J omlUP W w
5$ &t& IVl p$ fr$3
1 . I
FIO XVI A OI'.IIMINATION HOX HltOUXNO
THE lltSULTS OP AN INDlMDUAIi HAU
than an Inch or two, so much the bet
ter. Since the pla:it cannot begin to
digest and use the plant food of the
loll and air until it lias unfolded Its
loaves it Is plain that the less soil It
has to push through before It can
spread out Its leaves nnd get to work
the sooner it will commence to grow.
Deep planted seeds often so nearly
exhaust (he plant food in the endo
sperm before they reach the surfaco
that they nre never nblo to develop
into Btrong, healthy plants.
After planting the nlm should be to
keep the soil in the snme fine tilth It
was In at planting time In order to
provide large feeding ground for tho
roots nnd prevent the escape of capil
We have a car of Red River Ohio Seed
Potatoes that surpass any other va-
riety. Come in and see us and
give orders for what you want.
The price will be right.
Parties having orders for Seed Potatoes should call ason as possible.
Charters Hotel Bldg 407 Box Butte Ave;
I WISH TO ANNOUNCE TO THE PEOPLE OF ALLIANCE
and surrounding- towns that I have new spring- goods and will also order
from sample any fabric that may be desired which I may not have in
stock. Now is the time to order.
As many of The Herald readers already know, I am an expert workman,
and employ the best of assistants. Anyone wishing a fine business or
dress suit, made in the latest style, by up-to-date workman, should call
to see me without delay.
I GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO
Spring Suits made to measure in Latest Styles. Quality of Goods and
When a Plumber is Needed
send for us. We have plenty of time
now 10 attend to all classes of work
Tins is not our busy season and it will
pay you to have your
PLUMBING, HEATING. FITTING,
etc., attended to now before the rush
of work begins. We are thoroughly
posted in our business and an order
from you will promptly put all our
knowledge and skill at your service.
The cost will not be great.
SEATTLE EXPOSITION. Very low excursion rates
for Pacific Coast tours all summer; the most interesting journey in the world.
TO THE EAST. An extensive scheme of excursion
rates to the Lakes, Canada and eastern resorts will be announced prior to )une i.
MORE NEW LANDS. Judith Basin, Montana, on
the Great Northern road, just north of Billings. Splendid chances of profit for
early buyers. Famous land just readied by the railroad. SUN RIVER, Mon
tana, a government irrigated tract near Great Falls. One of the best iu the
country. BIG HORN BASIN, a new government irrigated tract of 15,000
acres near Garland, to he soon opened for filing; make an early location. Very
cheap round trip rates to these localities. Personally conducted excursions on
the first and third Tuesdays by D. Clem Deaver, General Agent, Landseekers'
Information Bureau, Omaha, Nebr. Either write him yourself or have your
eastern friends write ljim.
L. W. WAKELEY, Q. P. A.,Omaha
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