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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1909)
i ' .TWfWI
We have a car of Red River Ohio Seed
Potatoes that will arrive here about
give orders for what you want.
The price will be right.
If You are
OF ANY Or THE rOLLOWING ITEMS:
A Majestic Steel Range
A first-class Hot Air Incubator
A De Laval Cream Separator
A new Model A Wind Mill
A first-class job of Plumbing
Any kind of Tinwork
Call ori "3 1
They carry THE GOODS,
GRADUATED NURSES IN ATTENDANCE
HOSPITAL STArr Dr. Oeltwood, Dr. Bowman, Dr. Hand, Dr. Copsey
' Open to All Reputable Physicians.
Address all communications to
THE MATRON, ALLIANCE HOSPITAL,
p Grand Restaurant
1 Plenty of tables Good, clean linen
? Meals served promptly
We'serve Try our noon dinner, 25c
i Meals that Satisfy tom tuck. Prop.
Our prices range from $10 to $150. If you are in
the market for a safe for any purpose, write or call
on us. Our prices are very lpw when compared
with Omaha, Lincoln and Denver dealers' prices
Catalogue Sent on Application
Western Office Supply Co.
ALLIANCE HERALD BUILDING
ALLIANCE, - NEBRASKA
RED RIVER OHIO SEED
Come and see us and
and Prices ARE RIGHT
W-vr v s'vr v-r-o
ENT STYLES AND
SIZES OF OFFICE
& HOUSE SAFES
Col. New has had 25 years'
experience and is one of the
most successful auctioneers in
Dates made at this office
! Ai Wiker
i Grand Island Granite
I and Marble Works
All kinds of Granite and Marble
Tombstones and MonumentB.
Lower prices and less
freight than from firms
Painting, Paper Hanging
Phone 641 A"l?nce
When a Plumber is Needed
semi for us. We have plenty of time
now lo attend to all classes of work
This is notour busy season and it will
pay you to have your
PLUMBING, HEATING. FITTING,
etc., attended to now before the rush
of work begins. We are thoroughly
posted in our business and an order
from you will promptly put all our
knowledge and skill at vour service.
The cost will not be great.
Fred Bre n nan
Commercial Club Room
Basement Pfeelan Opera House Blk.
Typewriting, Shorthand Reporting,
Mimeograph Duplicating, etc, done
correctly and promptly.
'la 1 'JvO 1 Ml '.B
VII The Selection of Seed
By C. V. GREGORY,
Agricultural TH-Otston, Iotva Slate College
Copyright, 1009, by American Press Astoclntlon
Nfi of M10 most Important fac
tors tu crop production Is tbo
selection of seed. Tills la Ira
linrtnnt not only In producing
n largo yield, but also In obtaining 11
product of tho highest quality.
The ukc of the fanning mill ns n
menus of sorting out tho heaviest,
pi it rapes t grains was spoken of In the
previous article. Tho Importance of
this means of seed selection cannot ho
too greatly emphasized.
One of tho principal rensons for se
lecting the largest grains for seed Is
that they contain so much more food
for the young plant. This enables It
to make a strong, vigorous start
Such plants have, more vItalltjgrow
faster and produce larger yields thnn
plants from shriveled seeds, which
have n struggle for existence from
the time they germinate. Another
reason for selecting plump seed Is
that the resulting crop Is likely to bo
of hotter quality and will thus bring
a higher price when sold. Tho old
law of "like produces llko" applies to
plants as well as to animals. One of
the surest ways of bringing nljut Im
provement Is by using parents of, tho
desired type year after year.
Selecting seed according to size by
screening out the small grains Is not
riG XIII GOOD AK DAI) TYl'EB OP BKED
Note the shriveled, shrunken condition
of tho kernels to the right.
enough. Some of the largest grains
are shriveled nnd light in weight.
Tho only way to separate these is to
use plenty of wjnd In the fanning
mill ho ns to blow them over. Such
grains are nil right for feed, hut nrc
entirely out of plno In the need bin.
This method of selection la especially
Important In the case of wheat, ns it
Reparoles the hard from the Hoft
grains to some uxtclit. since the soft
ones are lighter. Hardness Is an Im
portant factor to look after, since 11
hard wheat Is much more vnluablo
for milling purposes, ranking 11 larger
amount of high grade Hour.
If .tho most value Is to bo obtained
from (he selection of seed some defi
nite plan of improvement must be fol
lowed. By a little enre a variety of
wheat or oats may bo so bred up ns to
increase the yield from ten to twenty
bushels per acre. Tho work Is a small
item as compared with the benefits.
In stnrtlng tho work of breeding tho
variety which docs best in your par
ticular locality should bo hclcetcd. Go
into the Held Just before harvest tlmo
and select forty or fifty of the best
heads. In doing this the size nnd
plumpness of the grain and the length
of the head should be considered. This
latter point has a great deal to do
with the yield, since n long head often
contains twice ns much grain ns a
shorter one. The character of tlie
straw Is also lmportnnt. It Bhould be
straight and strong, with no tendency
to rust, as a weak straw or one thnt is
badly rusted cannot hold up n heavy
head of grain. Another point to notice
is the stoollng that Is, (ho number of
stalks that grow up from one seed.
When the .required number of such
heads have been found they should bo
put away In n dry place until spring,
when they should be thrashed out sep
arately and planted In a little plot In
j tho garden. Tho seed from each bend
I should be sown in a row by Itself.
! The rows should bo about four Inches
apart and the plants the Bame dis
tance npart In tho row.
As harvest time comes on a great
difference in these rows will bo no
tit ed. Some win bo badly affected
with rust. Some will have weak straw
and Mill go down budly. Some will
have short heads containing but a few
grains each. A few of the rows will
contain plants and heads of the typo
you are looking for. Select the best
heads from these rows to plant In next
The second year, if the first year's
('election was properly carried on, con
siderable Improvement Mill bo observ
ed. This year the seed from each of
the strongest rows should be saved in
bulk nfter sorting out any heads that
nro not of the required type. Tho seed
from each of these rows Is to be plant
ed in a little plot by itself the follow
Notes on these plots regarding the
streugth of straw, amount of stoollng
and resistance to rust should be care
fully kept. The main point to bo con
sidered, however, Is the yield. The
grain from each of the plots should
be weighed and tho preference given
to the heaviest ylelders. Seed from
five or six of the best producing plots
may then be saved for larger plots the
fourth year. The yield of these, to
gether M'lth the quality of grain and
strength of BtraM', Mill determine
which strain Is to be selected for field
A factor which often cuts off as
much as 10 per cent from the yield of
small grain is smut. Unlike rust, the
treatment of this disease comes more
" , ,u l V , , V, i ;r
tinder the head of preparation of the
seed than that of selection. It may b
well, however, to give 11 brief outline
of tho methods of prevent Ion here.
Oinut is n fungous growth that is, 11
low form of plant uiik.ii lives on other
plants. It usually attacks the heads
of small grain, tilling the place where
tho kernels should be with a black,
worthiest ninss. Tho black dust of
which this mass Is made up Is com
prised largely of spores, which corre
spond to seeds of higher plants. These
spores become scattered over tho seed
in thrashing and storing. In the
spring, when the grain sprouts, tho
smut spore germinates also and scuds
a tiny thread tip through the Btera, to
tho head, where It develops into tho
familiar smut ball. Often those smut
halls are Inside of n hull thnt appears
perfectly sound from tho outside, so
that the damage from smut is much
greater than M'ould appear from sim
ply glancing over the Held.
Any method of treatment which will
destroy the smut spores on the grnln
Mill prove effective, although the smut
which Is scattered In the Held some
times infects tho plants the next year.
When rotation Is practiced, however,
this Is seldom the case, as tho oat
smut Mill Hot attack corn, nor Mill
corn smut grow on oats.
The selection of seed corn Is even
more Important thnn the selection of
small grain, since so much less corn
Is required to plant an acre, thus per
mitting of much more cireful choice.
The most Important point to be consid
ered In the Pelectlon of seed ears is ma
turity. An caf that Is not entirely ma
ture Mill be light, the kernels will bo
loose on tho cob and have 11 dull,
chaffy appearance, and the germs Mill
bo shrunken and tho back of the ker
nels wrinkled. .
Such corn should not be selected for
seed because the amount of food ma
terial stored In the kernel Is too sinnll
to give tho young sprout much of n
start. The germ Is also likely to be
M'enk from being frozen while still in
the Immature, watery condition. Tho
fact that nn ear Is not entirely rlpo
Indicates, too, that It belongs to a
variety Just a llttlo latofor tho local
ity. Ears that are not entirely rlpo are.
not nenny so vaiuamo ror seen as
riper, sounder ones, even If tho latter
are not so lnrge. Ity selecting only
cars of this early maturing type a
strain of corn can soon be developed
M'hlch can be depended upon to ripen
In the particular locality In M'hlch It is
Since the size of the crop depends
to n considerable extent 011 tho slzo
of the ear the seed ears selected
should be as large as Is consistent
with early maturity. More slzo of
car Is not enough, hoM'ovcr. Thcenrs
should bo M-ell proportioned and not
too big around for their length, since
cars of this sort arc late In maturing
and slow to dry out. The size of nn
ear should bo made up of com instead
of cob. This means deep kernels and
a relatively small cob,
There must also bo the largest pos
sible amount of com In proportion to
FIO. XIV A SVIiCSDID TYl'K OSKEU BAH.
tho cob. To secure this the oar should
bo well tilled out at butt and tip and
fairly uniform In size from end to end.
The kernels should be so firm on the
ear that It cannot be twisted In tho
hands. There should be no spaces
between the kernels next o the cob,
nor should- the spaces between tho
tops of the kernels be too great. They
should not be packed .together too.
tightly at this latter point, however,
ns this hinders rapid drying out. The
rows should bo straight and tho ker
nels of uniform size.
In starting out to select cars of tho
desired typo tho work can be done
much more quickly it the corn Is laid
cut on n tnblo or bench. Then by
taking an ear for a sample which
most nearly represents your Ideal you
can go orer the entlro lot and quick
ly pick out the ears that are most
like It. The point of selecting ears of
a uniform typo is nn Important one,
as only In this way can the corn
grower hope to make Improvement
from year to year The methods of
breeding corn to secure Increased
'yield will bo taken up In detail In the
Miss ML Ruth Taylor
TEACHER OF PIANO
416 Niobrara Ave. Phone 381:
DR. C. L. WE BEB
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat
DR. G. W. MITCHELL,
Physician nno Surgeon ly una nlghtc 11a.
Office over Hog-ue Store. Phono 150.
H. A. COPSEY, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon
CitlM answered tromttly day and night from
onilCQ. Offices (-Alliance National Hank
Untitling over tho Post Oillce.
Paid to Eye Work
GEO. J. HAND,
II O At 1: 0 I A T II I c
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Formerly Interna Uomeopnthlo Iloe
pftnl University of Iowa.
Phono 51. Ofllco over Alliance Shoo Store
IloMuencu I'hotto 251.
DR. C. H. CHURCHILL
PHYSICIAN AND HCRGCON
(BiiccoBior to Dr. .1. K. Moore)
OFFICE IN FLETCHER BLOCK
Ontce hours lt-12 a.m., 2-4 p.m. 7;20-9 p.m.
Office Phono 62
Res. Phone, 85 "
Drs. Bowman & Weber
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS
First National Bunk Bldg. Rooms 4-5-6
Office hours, 10 to 12 a, in.,
1:30 to 4, 7 to 8 p, in.
Office Phono 65 Res. Phono 16 & 184
Drs.Coppernoll & Petersen
(Successors to Drs. Vroy Si Sniff)
17 and 18 Rumcr 6lock
Office Phooo 43, Residence 20
AUG. F. HORNBURQ
T, J. THRELKELD,
Undertaker and Embalmer
OFFICE PHONE 498
RES. PHONE 207
Attorney at Law
Office in rooms formerly occupied by
R. C. Noleman. First Nal'l Bank blk
Phone 8o. ALLIANQE, NKB.
H. M. BULLOCK.
Attorney at Law,
LAW AND LAND ATTORNEYS.
Long experience io state and federal
courts and as Register and Receiver U. S.
Land Office is a guarantee for prompt and
Office In l.anj Office llulldlilg.
ALLIANCE - NEIIKASKA.
THE GADSBY STORE
Funeral Directors and Embalmcrs
OFFICE PHONE 498
RESIDENCE PHONES 207 and 310
Repairing a Specialty
Phone 605 507 Sweetwater Ave.
J. N. Sturgeon
S. G. Young
Sturgeon & Young
(Successors to G. W. Zobel)
Office Phone 139.
Residence Phone 142.
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