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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 30, 1908)
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Published Every Thursday by
The Herald Publishing Company.
T. J. O'KEEFE Editor
J. B. KNIEST Associate Editor
Subscription, ii.io per year In advance.
Entered at the postodice at Alliance,
Nebraska, (or transmission through the
mails, as second-class matter.
WILLIAM J. BRYAN
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
JOHN W. KERN
The Standard Oil octupus is still
nlivo niul Teddy Roosevelt's big stick
lias proven of no avail.
Candidate Taft's speech of accept
ance, which wns exploded at brother
Charlie's losidcncc last Tuesday, con
tained iO.ooo words and yet it failed
to explain where the republican party
was at on many important questions.
time for the people of Nebraska to
witness wilhm their own state this in
teresting ceremony. Special arrange
ments are being made by tho people of
Lincoln to accommodate the enormous
crowds which will gather at Lincoln on
this day. II will be the most notable
event in the history of Nebraska, and
all true friends of Mr. llryan and his
cause should arrange to be at Lincoln
on this occasion.
It's Up to the Voter.
The republican national convention
by an overwhelming majority repudiat
ed the most important measures advo
cated by President Roosevelt. Should
Secretary Taft be elected his election
would be regarded as an endorsement
of the convention's repudiation of those
measures. The enemies of those mea
sures could then well say that since
the voters had ratified their repudiation
they should not be enacted into laws.
In short, Taft's election would bo turn
ed into an excuse for calling a halt in
the reforms which President Roosevelt
has inaugurated and carried forward
as far as the leaders of his patty in
congtess would permit. Taft, nlthough
Bryan's Selection a Victory For
LABOR IN THE CAMPAIGN.
Reasons For the Belief That the Vote
of Organized Worktngmen Will Go
Largely to the Democratic Candidate.
Hearst's New Party an Outgrowth
of Personal Pique.
By WILLIS J. ABBOT.
Thi ct'Mter of Democratic political
nctlvlty after shifting from Denver to
Lincoln has shifted now to Chicago.
0: the Mtli of July Mr. Bryan met
here with the subcommittee of the na
tional committee which had been se
lected to choose n national ehalrmnn.
The Republicans waited nearly three
weeks after their nominations before
they determined upon thallium who
should he the manager of tho cam
paign. I do not think they made any
mistake- In select lug Frank II. Hitch
cock, for his experience In gathering
delegates for Tnft has given him a
knowledge of the natlonnl sltuntlon
Mich ns no other man In the Uepublle-
Roosovelfs nndetsludy and protege, is " ,:m-v W110S,; mmw w,, """iiuiiicu
The Democratic party faced a dlffor-
A delegate named Shepard from
Kansas to the independence convention
canio near getting his everlasting for
mentioning Bryan's name as a candi
doto for president. They got after him
with fists, clubs and tho like and he
had to get for his life.
Tho first contribution to the demo
cratic national fund was made yester
day by Mr. Bryan, who sent the treas
urer, Governor Haskell of Oklahoma,
$1,504.95, which was the net result of
100 qonttibutions. This is publicity of
contributions to political funds. What
has thu republican party done in this
respect? How many cotporations have
chipped in? Let us hear.
Some miscreant, it js said in today's
dispatches, attempted to peppor Judge
Taft with shot while on a trip on the
Ohio river. Luckily, the republican
candidate was not hit. A Mrs, C. B.
Russell, who was a guest on the Taft
boat, was hit and slightly injured. All
true American citizens will regret this.
There should be no toleration for acts
of this kind at any time.
Judge Taft has been made an honor
ary member of the steam shovelers'
union. Most appropriate, indeed. The
steam shovel used at Chicago last
month was well manipulated by the
Judge and therefore his reception into
that union most appropriate. But
wait till you hear from the boys who
handle the shovel on the railroads,
next November. That will be different.
pro-eminent a standpatter. He is sup
ported by standpatters, and his strong
est supporters are those who have most
bitterly and successfully opposed
Those measures wore not mentioned
in the republican platfortn four years
ago. That gave a republican congress
an excuse for ignoring President Roose
velt's desire to see them enacted into
laws. What will be the fate of those
measures after their repudiation is
sanctioned by the voters, with a con
gress opposed and a president, like
Taft, indifferent to them.
Well, Willie Hearst held his inde
pendence party convention in Chicago
last Monday and after nominating a
candidate for president and vice pres
ident and declaring his platform, like
the irrepressible hislunati, ordered the
conventioi. to proceed with the nomi
nations. A man by the name of Tlios.
L. Hingen was given fust place and
Hearst's hired man, John Temple
Graves, will play a losing game as can
didate for vice president on the newly
born political party ticket.
put problem. Nobody gathered up any
delegates for Mr. Bryan. No public olll
clal enjoying a salary and having at
his command the names of all the
postolllce employees of the United
States was sent out over the entire
nation to find men willing and able
to carry their primaries, their districts
nml a man who has long been close to
the vice presidential nominee Then,
too. come Nomirtc 1' Muck of Now
, York and .lames DahlmuL of Nebras
1 kn. And, dually, though by no means
least In tile list, comes Ollle .Tames of
Kentucky. No closer friend has Mr
I Bryan hnd In the house of rcpreieiila
I lives for years past than .1 nines. Hold
ing as he does a district In a state
which the Republicans profess to con
sider doubtful, although we do not.
bordering upon Illinois and Indiana
and not far from Ohio, the fhroo de
bii table fields of the forthcoming light,
James Is geographically well plaeed
Personally he is a lighter, a man vilth
a keen knowledge of politics, with u;i
tlonal acquaintance and of natlona
The Hearst Outbreak.
Chicago Is about to witness v, in.t
one of Mr. Hearst's editorial wrl?or
all of whom have to be politicians on
the side, describes as nn "epoch malt
Ing polljlcal convention." It Is called
to launch n new political party. In a
cablegram to Mr. Compels of the
American Federation of Labor Mr.
Hearst declared himself as being dis
gusted with both old parties and de
termined to launch a new one for the
regeneration of mankind and for the
uplifting of the working people. No
body has a better right to express an
accurate opinion about both old par
ties than bus Mr. William Randolph
Hearst. When It served his purpose
he has clutched at favors from either
tho Democratic or the Republican or
ganization. But for him California
would long ago have had a Democratic
governor, but there he found It to his
political advantage or to the profit of
himself or of some of those employees
whom ho allows to dominate him to
support any ticket whatsoever that
would beat the Democratic ticket. In
New York he has b"cn independent.
and their states. The overwhelming
victory won by Mr. Bryan at Denver, ' Democratic and Republican by turns,
On Wednesday, August t2, Mr.
Bryan will bo officially notified at
Lincoln, Nebraska, of his nomination
as the democratic candidate for presi
dent. It will be the occasion of a life
The personal organ of thi Taft fam
ily, the Cincinnati Times-Star, acts
very much like the boy whistling to
keep up his courage while passing by a
grave yard when it says: "The sun is
shining, the birds are singing, and
William lennings Bryan has again re
ceived the democratic nomination for
president of the United States. Why
shouldn't republicans be happy?"
A Pennsylvania man died the other
day from the effects of swallowing a
table knife. This should be a warning
to the republican mauagers of Minne
sota to watch Jacobson, their candi
date for governor, whose greatest
claim for election is that "he eats pie
with a knife."
The romancing on the political out
come should be confined to the doubt'
An Election Primer
Pertinent Points About Our Election
Machinery For New Voters and Old
THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY.
When did the Democratic party first appear in national politics T
Under iu present name tho party first appeared in 1828, when
'Andrew Jackson was elected president as tho party candidate. Tho
Democratic party, however, so far us its chief principles go, dates
from the beginning of tho republic.
Who is regarded as the party's founder?
Thomas Jefferson. When the constitution of tho United States
"was under discussion in convention tho opposing theories of Thomas
Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton constituted tho principal difference
of opinion. Jefferson and his adherents leaned far toward local self
government, while Hamilton and his faction stood for a strong cen
tralized government. In after years tho Jeffersonian theories became
crystallized into what was called at first tho Republican party, later
the Republican-Democratic party and finally tho Democratic party.
The present Republican party, then, is entirely distinct from tho
one of Jefferson's time ?
Entirely so. It is descended, through tho Whig party, from the
Hamiltonian or Federalist party, which took tho opposite view to that
What presidents has the Democracy elected!
Thomas Jofforson twice, James Madison twice, Janias Monroe
twico, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson twice, Martin Van
Buron, James K. Polk, Franklin Fierce, James Buchanan, G rover
What is the Democratic party's position as to tariff ?
It stands for a low tariff or n tariff for wvvi .--
s T" -' V'" j", r" -J"' r 7TT-
or perhaps It would be better to say
the wonderful outburst of devotion to
the cause which he represents there,
was due to no sort of political manipu
lation, had no aid from any olllce
holder because the Democrats have
no olllces or any salaried employees
whatsoever. It sprang from the be
lief of the American voter that here at
last -was n mini who appealed to the
people and who neglected the poli
ticians. I do not exaggerate when 1
say that what was accomplished at
Denver, practically without any or
ganisation or any expenditure of mon
ey, paralleled what must have cost the
Taft forces at Chicago nigh on to
three-quarters of n million dollars.
Rut that very triumph, won by vol
unteer aids, each working In his own
section of the country, made It all tho
more dllHcult for the Democratic na
tional committee to choose a chair
man. There are men of loyalty, abil
ity and abolute devotion within the
party who might have been drafted,
though few care to undertake such a
tusk, nut not one hod. like Mr. Hitch
cock, traveled the whole country over,
seeking for proselytes to his cause.
Many have a national reputation.
None except Mr. Bryan himself has a
Here are some of the names dis
cussed, and, with a long experience In
Democratic politics, 1 can fairly say
that each one Is tit for the work:
Hon. D. J. Campuu of Detroit. Mr.
Conipiui Was the man who In ISOtJ
made the tight In the state of Michigan
which Justified the seating of the sliver
delegation from that state. The vote
of the Michigan delegation was essen
tial, not necessarily for the nomination
of Bryan, but to the triumph of the
radicals In the Chicago convention.
After the convention Mr. Cumpiiu be
came chairman of the executive com
mittee, worked in and out of season
and made a contribution to the cam
paign fund which he. as a quiet and
rather retiring man. would not like to
have me record here.
.lames It. Kerr of Pennsylvania. Mr.
Kerr led tho tight against Guffey. the
Standard Oil magnate. In the recent
convention and won It. He Is n iniiii
of means and of national experience.
He has been In congress and served
twice as secretary of the congressional
committee, a position which gave him a
grasp upon national politics. His state,
of course, Is hopeless, but he himself Is
a man of Indomitable energy nud of
wide knowledge of national political
.1. T. At wood. National Committee
man From Kansas. Mr. Atwood has
been throughout his political career a
loyal and progressive Democrat. He
Is n lawyer of high standing mid nec
essarily for that reason has engaged
Bomcwhtit In corporation practice.
That this fact should hurt him seems
Incredible, yet It will undoubtedly be
raised to his detriment. Nobody can
speak for Mr. llryan this matter
of the selection of a chairman, but at
least it may he said that Mr. llryan
was In no way adverse to the choice
of Mr. Atwood.
Senator It. F. Pettlgrew. Mr. I'ettl
grew Is one of the keenest politicians
in the llryan movement and one of the
most loyal. Ills mime bus been most
widely suggested for chairman of the
national committee, but he himself will
not permit It to be presented. I think
I may say authoritatively that he will
le glad to serve In a subordinate cu-
When he was an independent candi
date for mayor and beaten he spent
four years crying for the opening or
the ballot boxes only to And that the
ballots did not reverse the original
finding In his case. He traded on the
alleged fraud against him long enough
to got a Democratic nomination for
governor and was beaten by 57.000
votes when every other man on the
Democratic ticket was elected.
That may have been one of, the
things that disgusted Mr. Hearst with
the Democratic party. And s,o, being
disgusted, he turned to the Kopubllcan
party nud compelled his personally
owned and conducted political organ
ization to fuse with the Republicans
In order that one of his employees
might be elected sheriff of New York
county and enjoy the enormous fees
and patronage attaching to that ofllce.
But the Republicans would not vote
for Hearst's man nny more than the
Democrats would vote for Hearst, and
so he emerged from that struggle dis
It seems unite natural that after hav
ing tried the part of a free lance, the
part of a Democrat, tho part of a Re
publican and having fulled In nil he
should declare himself relentlessly
against the organizations which have
declared themselves very emphatically
against him. What may come out of
his new line of politics no one can defi
nitely prophesy. But with all defer
ence to his popullstlc editorial writer.
Mr. John Temple Craves, who has de
scribed the Independence party as the
"birth of a new party Idea." 1 do not
believe that n new party can be built
upon the personal pique of a man who
resents the failure of the Democratic
party 'to nominate him for the presi
dency or the utter refu-.l of either the
Democratic or Republican voters of
New York state to dt his bidding.
Labor In tho Campaign.
Now, mark this. Everything that was
asked of the Republican convention by
the forces of organized labor was re
fused. All that was asked at Denver
wus granted. I would not say this If 1
believed that the requests of labor were
unreasonable In nny respect. But they
were not, and the expression given to
them In the Denver platform gives no
right to any critic to say that the De
mocracy has surrendered to labor.
Rather Is It just and fair to say that
tho Democratic party this year, as Iu
1890 and 1900. recognized the fact that
the working people of the country
form the foundation of the country's
prosperity and has extended to them
the promise of aid and assistance In
achieving their substantial advance
ment. What the labor vote may be no one
can tell. It Is necessarily a secret
vote. We have been accustomed to
talk of the vest pocket vote coming
from the aristocratic districts in the
good old times when n man could put
his ballot in his vest pocket and cast
It as ho chose. But the labor vote Is
necessarily secret. The man who owes
his livelihood to another Is not likely
to proclaim how he Is going to vote If
by so doing ho may offend the other.
But a very prominent labor organizer
told me this week that four-tlfths of
tho labor vote this year would go to
tho Democratic ticket, partly because
of admiration for Bryan nml his stead
fastness, partly because of our plat
form and partly because of antago
nism to Taft, the father of government
by Injunction. And as an illustration
of this ho told me of a vote taken a
Duties of the Pres-
ident as Seen by
A Dy WILLIAM J. BRYAN. Democratic Nominee For the Presidency.
jc$4egHl president's power for good or for harm is often
overestimated. Our government is A GOVERN
MENT OF CHECK AND BALANCES. Power
is distributed omong different departments, and each
official works in co-operation with others. In tho
making of laws, for instance, tho president joins with
tho somite and tho house. He may, recommend, hut ho is powerless to
legislate CNcept ns 0 majority of tho senate and tho house concur with
him. The senate and tho houso nro also independent of each other,
each having a veto over the other, and the president has a veto over
both, except that tho senate and house can, by n two-thirds vote, over
ride the president's veto. '
THE INFLUENCE OF THE PRESIDENT OVER LEGISLATION IS,
THEREFORE. LIMITED. HE CHARES RESPONSIBILITY WITH A
LARGE NUMBER OF THE PEOPLE'S REPRESENTATIVES.
THE MOST IMPORTANT REQUISITE IN A PRESIDENT AS IN
OTHER OFFICIALS IS THAT HIS SYMPATHY SHALL BE WITH
THE WHOLE PEOPLE RATHER THAN WITH ANY FRACTION OF
THE POPULATION. HE IS CONSTANTLY CALLED UPON TO ACT
IN THE CAPACITY OF A JUDGE, DECIDING BETWEEN THE IM
PORTUNITIES OF THOSE WHO SEEK FAVORS AND THE RIGHTS
AND INTERESTS OF THE PUBLIC. UNLESS HIS
ARE RIGHT THE FEW ARE SURE
OVER THE MANY, FOR THE MASSES
THEIR CLAIMS. THEY ACT ONLY
TRUST TO THEIR REPRESENTATIVES
ALL THZIR FOES.
T1- r-sident MUST POSSESS THE MORAL COURAGE
TO STAND AGAINST TILE INFLUENCES THAT ARE
BROUGHT TO BEAR IN FAVOR OF SPECIAL INTERESTS.
In fact, tlie quality of moral courage is as essential in a public official
as cither right sympathies or a trained mind.
A president must have counselors, and, to make wise use of coun
selors, ho must be open to convictions. The president is committed by
his platform to certain policies, and the platform is binding. Ho is
also committed to certain principles of government, and these he is in
duty bound to apply in all matters that come bo'foro him. But thero
is a wide zono in which ho must act upon his own judgment, and hero
ho ought to have the aid of intelligent, conscientious and faithful
advisers. Tho law provides these, to a certain extent, in giving him a
THE VICE PRESIDENT OUGHT TO BE MADE A MEMBER OF
THE CASINET EX OFFICIO IN ORDER FIRST, THAT THE PRESI-
TO HAVE AN
HAVE NO. ONE
DENT MAY HAVE THE BENEFIT OF HIS WISDOM AND KNOWL
EDGE OF AFFAIRS, AND, SECOND, THAT THE VICE PRESIDENT
MAY BE BETTER PREPARED TO TAKE UP THE WORK OF THE
PRESIDENT IN CASE OF A VACANCY IN THE PRESIDENTIAL OF
FICE. THERE OUGHT TO BE, CORDIAL RELATIONS ALSO BE
TWEEN THE PRESIDENT AND THOSE WHO OCCUPY POSITIONS
OF INFLUENCE IN THE CO-ORDINATE BRANCHES OF THE GOV
ERNMENT, FOR OUR GOVERNMENT IS NOT A ONE MAN GOV
ERNMENT, BUT A GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE CHOSEN REP
RESENTATIVES OF THE PEOPLE LABOR TOGETHER TO GIVE EX
PRESSION TO THE WILL OF THE VOTERS.
But the presidency is tho highest position in the world, and its
occupant is an important factor in all national matters. If he is a
devout believer in our theory of government, recognizes tho constitu
tional distribution of powers, trusts thoroughly in tho people and
fully sympathizes with them in their aspirations and hopes, he has an
opportunity to do a splendid work, lie occupies a vantage ground
from which ho can exert a wholesome influence in favor of each for
THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE OFFICE ARE SO GREAT THAT
THE OCCUPANT OUGHT TO BE RELIEVED OF EVERY PERSONAL
AMBITION, SAVE THE AMBITION TO PROVE WORTHY OF THE
CONFIDENCE OF HIS COUNTRYMEN. FOR THIS REASON HE
OUGHT TO ENTER THE POSITION WITHOUT THOUGHT OR PROS
PECT OF A SECOND TERM.
Be Cautious as to
Dy Jiutice DAVID J. BREWER, of the United States Supreme Court.
DO not believe our peoplo are prepared to accept any changes
in governmental methods unless conditions should absolutely
There is no form of government which offers as many
advantages in the way of moral, political and indus
TRULY OUR GOVERNMENT IS "OF THE PEO
PLE, FOR THE PEOPLE AND BY THE PEOPLE."
IT HAS STOOD THE TEST OF MORE THAN A
CENTURY. IT HAS DEALT WITH PROBLEMS THAT
STRUCK AT THE VERY HEART OF THE NATION.
THEREFORE I BELIEVE THAT WHATEVER CHANGES.
ARE MADE SHOULD BE MADE WITH THE GREAT
paeity on the executive committee, the 1 ,v.-oek ago In tho Central Federated
committee which really conducts the
T. K. Uyan of Wlseonsin.-Mr. Kyan
Is n man of untarnished Democratic
ica ord. n man possessing the physique
noceusar.v for the hard work of tho
cotulug campaign and one who tdneo
he Miece.'dfd K. ('. Wall as Democratic
imU.Hial committeeman for WIeousln
has uvr wavrod In the en:. lie Is
a mt'tuber of the couimlltcc appointed
to rutouunenl a elmlrmun.
'fUttJi there to J. K. I.umb of Indiana,
a triad party wheelhorse of that star
union Iu New York. There were
olghty-three members present. Bryan
received fifty-three votes. Delis eleven,
scattering sixteen, Taft one. The last
seems to me to be the significant figure
of the lot. What effect the Hearst
candidacy may have upon this labor
vote no oue can tell. But It is quite
evident that Taft and the Republicans
niv golng to sulfcr very serioitbly lo
calise of the well established attitude
of the Republican candidate In hostil
ity to the forces of organized labor. ,
War Is the Great Crime of Crimes
By ANDREW CARNEGIE
CHE great strides which have been made sinco our soldier
statesman, General Grant, passed away by the doctrine of
PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT of international disputes by
arbitration are FULL OF PROMISE FOR THE EARLY
ABOLITION OF WAR. Arbitration treaties between us and seven,
or eight leading powers are now almost ready. Ono has passed tho
senate unanimously and is now law. Another is ready for submission.
Others are promptly to follow.
"Wo may congratulate ourselves that it is UPON OUR OWN
CONTINENT peaceful settlement has won its greatest triumphs,
but wo must never fail in mison and out of season to keep before tho
people tho truth that, compared with men killing men, thero is no evil
no savagery, to bo compared. IT IS THE GREAT CRIME OF
" ,4V ttf
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