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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1903)
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AROUND THE WORLD
A Trip Up the Nile Through the Cradle of Civili
zation to Assiout, Luxor, Karnack and
the Great Dam.
J-UXOR, liovi-T. Feb. 26, 1003.
From Alexandria I began tny trip up
the Nile to Luxor, Karnak find As
souan, embracing a journey of 1,460
miles by rail.
The Nile is.ono of' tlio four most
historic rivers of the world, tho other
three being the Yangste Kiang, the
Ganges, and tho Jordan. I have rid
den upon the placid bosom of the four
excepting the Jordan and expect to tost
it within two weeks.
Dy ths Romans this river was called
the Nilus, and by the Greeks Neilos,
Irom "nea ilus" (now mud). The Nile
flows a distance of 1,350 miles without
a tributary and is declared by Unmbolt
to be without pnrallol in the physical
geography of the world. The greatest
breadth of the Nile is about 2,000 feet
and its currctit averagus about three
miles. Tho Nile figures extensively in
scripture particularly when its waters '
are mentioned as having been turned to
blood. "This river formerly had seven '
mouths" says' ths historian, '.'and of
these, five" arc dried up and the only 1
exit now for the waters of the river is
by tho artificially-constructed openings
by Darnidttn and Kosetli. Most liter
ally than is tho prophecy of Isaiah ful
filled. "The Lord shall utterlv destroy
the tongue of tho Egyptian sea, and
with His mighty wind slull He shake
His hand over the river, and shall
smite it in the seven stieams, and make
men go over drv-shod." History again
beat 8 iccoid to tlio fulfillment of
prophecy, but I uhnll not multiply
The trip to Luxor is through the
cradle of that which is most ancient.
Tombs, palaces, towers and ruins
mark tho ccntois of activity throughout
At Aiout, a city of over 30,000,
more than 300 miles south of Alexan
dria, is located tho largest and most
successful plant of tho American mis
sion of the United Ptesbytcrian church.
Through Rev. Dr. Griffin of Cairo I
was shown some of their work and
further by the Rev. J. Cambell White,
who has just at rived on tho field from
Calcutta. Neaily every person in As
siout who cap talk English was trained,
in the schools of Ibis mission.
From Luxor I continued my tour in
to tho bouudaty of Khartoum. Six
miles south of Assouan I visited tko
great dam, pronounced to bo the
greatest triumph of engineering and
construction in the world sinro the
building of tho gieat pyramid. Re
cently completed, it is one and one
fourth miles long; 150 feet dcop; ex
tends 75 feet above the level of tho
river and 75 feet 111 tho ground for a
foundation; was four years in building,
requiring 15,000 men at a cost of
S15, 000,000.00. . A syndicate took the
contract to be paid by the government
of Egypt in annual installments of
800,000.00 per year for forty years.
Hence it will cost S32, 000,000.00,
affording tho contracting syndicate a
profit of 17,000,000.00 for interest,
etc. The dam reaches from mountain
side to mountain side, thus forming a
great ieservoir for the storing of water
to be let loose at the proper time by
means of 180 sluice gates located at
the bottom of the dam and operated,
raised and lowered, by powerful
winches, making it possible to secure
two or more inundations of tho Nile
instead of one annually. By a system
of locks, vessels ascend and descend;
no other locks of the kind arc in ex
istence, I am told by tho officials who
were very kind and took pains to show
mo the groat monstor that bids defiance
to tho river. Tho material for its con
struction was secured in the granitu
quarriu noar by from which the gran
ite for tho groat tomplos, obelisks, and
pyramids was quarriod. One giant
obelisk So feot in length remains in the
quarry, ono end being in the living
rock, the race of giant buildois having
been swopt from eaith befoie they had
time to transport it to its intended
home. When 1 am reminded that
Pompoy's Pillar.that towers almost 100
feet at Alexandria, was brought from
those quarries, a distance of more than
700 miles, I am amazed at the difficulty
of the project and wonder how such a
herculeau undertaking was ever ac
complishcd. But secrets of ancient
Egypt, if written, would fill a book the
size of Rhode Island.
I was surprised to learn that there
were no canals or conduits leading
from the reservoir abovo the dam for
irrigation purpose for I had formed
that idea of the purpose of the dam.
The sluice gates are at the bottom of
the dam so that the rushing water will
ca-ry the soil below and not fill up the
reservoir above. The noil calriad down
by each intimidation is as necessary as
tho water itself. Five or seven thous
and years of utiintcirtiptod cultivation
would impoverish any jsoil if not re
freshed or renewed. The dam was built
upon the cataract the noise of which
ancient travelers and geographers de
scribed as being "bO prodigious as to
deafen those within earshot." The
water is near the top of the dam now
and will be let out in about three weeks,
as the crops along the Nile below will
then need a drink.
The famous island of Philae is al
most covered with water, being situated
just abovo the dam only a few thous
and yards. This inundation of the
ruins of ancient l'hilae was not antici
pated when the dam was being planned
and built, but it 1s too Into now; what
time has not done, tho water will ac-
complish in a short time.
Upon the walls of the temples at
l'hilae aic sculptures dating from the
reigns of Roman emperors, Augustus,
Tiberius, Domitian and Trajan.
Philae is ruined., Its Gothio atches,
courts, coloqadcs and gods will soon bo
finished by the cruel undermining
waters. Tho elephantine island at
Luxor is of interest.
But of all tho ruins on the upper
Nile, none can be ranked with thoso of
Luxor and Karnak, the remnants of
ancient Thebes. Turning to history I
read, "The exact origin of Thebes, like
that of Memphis, is involvejUiu obscur
ity and its fall is as oWK as its
origin." If you would Rhow why
Thebes bit the dust please read Ezekiel
30: vorses 13 to 19 inclusive, remem
bering that Noph was the Hebrew
name for Memphis, No was Thebes,
and Avon was Heliopolis. Thebes,
once so proud, haughty and vile as to
call forth the denunciation of the
sacred writer, is no more. She is in
ruin. Lest I bo judged guilty of over
drawint the scene let me quote frein
history: "Thebes has always marvel
ously impressed the mind and imagi-
nation of travelers by its axtent and
the vastness of its monuments. Thero
arc temples whose front elevation was
nearly a mile in length, fragments of,
colossal statues truly" enormous, col
onades that rose to over seventy feet in
height. Not only do these ruitis ex
tend over the whole breadth of the
Nile valley but. on the sides of the
surrounding mountains ancient remains
lie in heaps, whilst tombs, still in good
preservation, cover tho western plain
and stretch far out into the dasjert. It
appeared like entering a city of giants,
who, atter a long conflict had been nil
destroyed, leaving the ruins of their
vast temples as the only proofs of their
existence. The plain on which Thebes
was built, though limited in extent, was
yet sufficient to contain ono of the
largest cities of the earth. According
to Strabo there is no doubt but that
the ancient city covered tho whole
plain. The wide acres of Theban ruin
prove alike the greatness of the city
and the force with which it was over
thrown. The ruined temples still stand
to call forth the wonder of tho traveler.
They have seen the whole portion of
time, of which history keeps the reck
oning, roll before them; they have seen
kingdoms and nations rise and fall
the Babylonians, Jews, Persians, Greeks
and Romans. They have seen the
childhood of all that we call ancient,
and they seem likely to stand to tell
their tale to those who will hereafter
call us the ancients."
This ought to bo enough to convince
anyone that no amount of word paint
ing in which I might have indulged
would havo overdrawn Thebes. I shall
not take time or space to describe the
groat temple' now in ruitis at Luxor;
suffice it to state that it is a pondorouB
pile of mammoth pillars, colonados,
obelisks, slatuos, and colossos, seem
ingly erected by giants who havo long
since passed away. The Persians once
sacked this temple but lot us hurry
over bv donkey to Karnak whole stand
the most colossal ruins on eaith, erect
od by a people who as giants must
have been the most gigantic of which
the mind can conceive. But since their
kings, whom I have seen as mummies,
were only ordinary men physically,
their greatness must have consisted of
superlative genius as massive builders.
Excavators were at work among these
titanic ruins the day I visited them.
Fifty men were usiug modern devices
tor moving a huce fragment of rock
that had been broken from a larger
piece. They were half an hour mov
ing that fragment half an inch. The
appliances employed and the time
required to transport the original here
centuries ago remain among the many
nt yit cries winch are relegated to
eternity for solution. Wo may lot x
equal them, but there is no algebraic
or othdr formula for finding its value.
Here I observed the harshness of.the
Egyptian task-master, a relic df nncirnt
times. While attempting to move that
rock, an accident occurred, ono man
having his leg severely hurt. I saw
that he was in groat pain and saw the
bruised part. He begged to bo allowed
to quit or rest till relief came, but that
hot rid, hard-hearted overscor standing
by with n wild-looking leather whip in
his hand, gave him a terrible stroke,
wrapping the lash several times about
the limb exactly on the spot of tho in
jury causing the blood to flow in rivul
ets to the ground. How I would have
enjoyed clubbing that villiau with tny
cane! But two wrongs never make a
The ruins of tho 'temple at Karnak
are outside the realm of description
for massiveness just as the Taj Mahal
and'Jumma Musjid of Agra and Delhi,
India, stand alone for exquisite beauty
and perfection of decoration and pro
portion. Each has the reputation of
outstripping the wot Id in their respect
ive spheres. A lady laden with spatk
ling diamonds and costly ornaments on
turning from her own 'spectacle to the
Taj or Jtiinma would say, "How sub
limely beautiful,', while the haish,
shrill-voiced builder of Cantilever
bridges, destroyer of a Hell Gate, or
manufacturer of the heaviest lifting
cranes known to man today would look
up at these Himalayan columns, obe
lisks, pillars, pylons and elevated gird
ers of the most colossal tvpc and shake
his head, saying: "We aro dwarfs;
our hoisting machines are but child
toys compared with the might lcqtiired
to do all that. Let us take off our hats
and return thanks that wc have lived
to sec what our eyes now behold."
One obelisk here is the highest known,
being 92 feet in height, consisting of
one solid piece of granite. Having
bacn quite brief let me fire a parting
shot at the ruins of tho temple of Kar
nak by a quotation from the pen of
Homer: "For many a day after I had
seen it, and even to this hour, glimpses
of Thebes mingle with my ievcrirs and
blend them with my dreams as if that
vision had pictmed itself upon their am
nd left its imprass thetc foiever.
A visit to the tombs of the kings oc
cupied half a day. They are hidden
art-ay under a mountain of i.rAnite at
"tiie'ctul of a canj'oii foturmil& "mjyolld
the Nile, vvhare the woids, drearv ti.i !
forfiaktn, lose thair msaning wl.on
used iu description.
In Thebes, as in Memphis, I lo.le
over the roofs. Her streets are fillrd
with the dust of centuries, yes IIofous
of centuries. Prophecy lnjs had its
will, played its part well.
E. C. Hokn.
(Continued next week.)
Mr. and Mrs. John Moravek wete
trading in Hemingford Friday.
Arthur and Otis Bass were in Al
liance this week on important business.
The snow storm of Sunday and Mon
day is crowding itself in the lap of
It is reported that Miss Nellie Zim
merman will attend school in Alliance
John S. Hood is taking lessons now
wagon making under the instructions
of the Moravek Bros.
Rev. A. H. Post, who was to hold
religious services at Canton on the
13th, failed to be present.
Miss Cora Reese again holds the
position of teacher in the Clayton dis
trict where she taught last spring.
C. Bass and wife of Montana arc hoie
on a visit to his old home and with his
brothers and sisters and many friends.
The news is abroad that Roy Hickey
is now in tho eastern part of the state
for his brido and will be west in a very
Mr. and Mrs. V. A. RandalLwcre in
Homing ford Friday with buttor and
oggs from their supply house on thoir
Our people are about through hay
ing and the wood and lumbar that vyi
be hauled from the pine ridge 111 the
next two weeks will be groat.
J. W. Broshar was in Hemingford
Thursday to meet Mrs. Broshar's
father and mother, Mr. and Mrs.
Waggoner, of Paris, Edgar Co., 111.
Mrs. J. V. Broshar returned home
Saturday from a week's visit among
friends, in Lawn precinct at the homes
of Messrs. Levett, Spracklin and
The little singing bee that gathered
together at G. H. Clayton's Sunday
eve was well attended and on their re
turn home were caught in a snow
storm, the first of the bcason, Sept. 13,
Otis Bass was up frotti his ranch
Runningwalcr Thursday looking after,
his interest in his second crop of rye,
which is of a vory fine quality but not
of so grout a quantity as last sans on.
Levi C. Hood comes next to the front"
as a trading nun." Rumor has it that
he lus bought som personal property
in the shape ot a bnggv, harness and
flynet. Levi sa s he is bound to keep
in touch with tho procession.
pick 1 nosTromT Fiction .
There Is nothing that Is enough for
a -woman, but all. "Tlio MteshmiprH
Overdono heartiness Is nearly as nas
ty ns underdone mutton. "Coonaenta
of a Counter."
Ko man can Ixi dtatc who conaldcra
pain the chief aril of life "The Hero
ine of tlw Strait" .
Wo ought norcr to do wrong when
people aro looking. "A Doublo Rar
rotod Detective Stnry."
OccofllorVe erarjthlnx, but tho rub la
Lto know an occasion when you ao4t
The Lady Paramount"
Fd bo slow In Vdrlsin' anybody to
go crookad. but whan y fee! yc-'re In
the handu of shorvers It's the ouly
Tho maetrr poet lore to dual with
the victory of tho Tanqulshjd. which
tho wirld'a thinkerr know to Ixi great
cr than the victory of the victorious.
Bo Huro, before you give your lote
and your tmnt, that you are giving
them not only to ono who dowerves
them, but to one who rosilly wauta
them. "Many Watecs."
Uaofnl VurTfonrm of nontn.
There nro many useful purposes to
which rosin can be nppfled outsldo of
those of general rt.icv. As a non
conductor of heat tt Is usad In the pro
tection of -water pipes, portlcularly In
crossing brldgca, wbro the plpo la lnld
In tho inlddlo of a lory; lux and tho
wlwlo filled with molted rosin. Hoaln
la also UBed In suppsrtlng bnocment
floors In mnchUv nhopw. vrhlrh may bo
laid ever bohms dry material, as spent
moMTng wnd, which la enrefuriy lev
eled off, and the plaa&ing laid upon
temporary supports separating, tt' about
two Inches a,bova the futad.
Numerous hoten about two lneboa In
diameter being bord through thctio
planka. molted roln la forced through
tbein by manna of ftnmels until tho
whole spooa is solidly fillod, and then
tbo urper ftosrtns la laid, upon theeo
planks. In cam toe flow: fa subjected
to shocks BufUdent to break tlie rosin
It rapidly Joins together again In much
tho same manner as the regulation of
The Droeoa Slayer.
At an English school a pompous
youngster whoao father, It waa well
known, had beun a ouccasaful omnibus
driver wtui one day flugering ostenta
tiously a largo 8ai which his la In tho
habit of wearing, representing St
Goorgo and the dragon, and, having
drawn the attention of a bcliool com
panion to It, remarked cureless! :
1 "All, ono of my ancestors Is supposed
to have killed the dragon, don't you
"Good gracious l" Inquired, the other,
Bomewhut anxiously. "Did ho ruu ovor
tt?H London Answers.
Went Duck on tlie Mine.
Gerald My brother turned crlmcon
tho other duy.
Gcraldlne I never knew him to
Gerald I didn't say that he blushed.
Goraldlne What dkl he do?
Gerald -Loft Yale and entered Har
vard. New York Tress.
Edmonla Mrs. Topnotch Is what I
Eudocia In what way?
Edmonla Why, she Is not a Colonial
Dame, but when she came to tho colo
nial reception she had on a more ele
gant frock than any one of tho Dames.
Detroit Free Press.
Little Willie ra, what does this pa
per menu by saying It wns n fruitless
Father It probably applies, my son,
to the qucbt of some man who wa
looking for pineapples on a pine tree.
Slnckcrel or DotiKu?
"Xot one person in ten who order
Spanish mackerel nt the average res
taurant ever gets It." said a Washing
ton market Ush dealer "Spanish mack
erel are n good deal like Xlocha coffee
or ennvnsback duck, because It's ve-y
dliycult to got tho genuine articlo nnd
so easy to fool customers.
"Some of tho fashionable restaurants
are not abovo serving 11 bonlta now and
then when an order comes for Spaulsh
uinckercl. nnd I know that In tho
cheaper1 restaurants striped bass, bonl
tas, weakllsh and sometimes even tho
common mackerel are served for this
delicious dish." New York Herald.
The Doiitnii Hoy.
"Lookln for n bird's nest, sonny?"
asked the good nnturcd westerner of n
seven-year-old boy whom he met In
"No sir." replied the Intellectual
prodigy as he continued to gaze up
Into the tree. 'l am merely endeavor
ing to correctly classify this tree as a
botanlcnl producf'-Ohlo State Jour
nal. A Huabund'a EplKrnm.
She IIow many men owe their suc
cess In life to their wives?
He And how many more men owo
their wives to their success In life?
New; York World. ,
Between friends frequent reproof
makes tho friendship distant Confucius.
Leave your order at my residence, first door north of
the U, P. church or 'phone No. 224.
Machine sold on easv payments or
Prompt attention given all otdcrs.
I T IP V A IV G
J. I. LiV-lN,
. - -tltftiC't's -J
KUL.L-1 JPSML .v .
HJBgtaX jIKi U. .Jkuj.'oi
iAi U 1
X2S:E3 GKESOC E123
The placing of a few
dollars monthly in the
... ALLIANCE ...
will soon enable you to
buy a comfortable home.
M. 1Cm(iiit, Prii!tVit . . .
W. II. CotintN. V. I'M-Icn t
. ... .-. 11. CONSKIT.).!'
0009COOOC!V,563)OOOOOPO5V - - '
Dierks' Lumber i Coal Co. ?'
W. A. Hampton, President
A. S. Rekd, Vice President
First National Bank,
Directors: W. A. Hampton. A. S.
I F. Jo Brennan & COoo..
Paints, Oils and Wall Paper,
"FtcsctVpViotvs Cax&faWQ dowpourlfc&.
X"X - - X -
Wo have the best line of School Supplies
WE KNOW .. ..
Tiiat our Matchless Tablet is unsurpassed. It is
just what its name implies Matchless in qualitv
and cmantity. Call and see our line. Tablets,
Slates, Pens, Ink. Copy Hooks, and everything
that you want
J. S. riEKINEY, Proprietor.
will rent them by week or month
AScnt for tho Sineer Mf8' Co
. Alliance Nebraska.
The Old Way
'Was good but the new way
is better. We deliver largo
or small orders of high
TRY OUR COAL
Forest Lumber Co.
Fancy Croceries, 'Heats and fresh
produce of all kinds and pays the
top price for butter, eggs and hides.
Try him and be convinced. Phone 207
I ll'tfk m
SIM! r'f n r!
- ' - - 09C03ee)99'
have a large stock of
ready for fall trade,
and see us before
Phone Ncfr 22"1
Something to Blow About
Hut never blow away Our
windmills run in the lightest
wind but htand their ground
iu the fiercest storm.
Arc of the most approved pat
tern, have many improvements
over those of older design.
Strong, serviceable and .last
ing. Made of caref ully select
ed material. Not liable to get
out of repair. Get our prices
on windmills, four post angle
steel towers, tanks, etc.
Acheson J Oder.
R.' M. Hampton, Cashie
Hampton, Ass't Cashier. ,
Surplus and Profits, $20,000
Reed E. C. Hampton. R. M Hampton.
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"" DEALERS IN -?5
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