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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 15, 1903)
AROUND THE WORLD.
Indian History Sketch Preparing Readers for
A rtides to Follow.
THE LAND OF THE VEDAS, ITS MYTHOLOGY
And Religions, ttrahmanlsm, Hinduism Three Hundred Million People
Speaking Sccnty-clglit Languages Aryans Act on the Principle That
To the Victors lielong the SpoilsIndian luiuslons and Government,
and Modern-India nKIng Buys Grecian Wife tor BOO Elephants.
Benares, India', Jan. 22, 1Q03. ' entered tho Punjab and foiiRht bis way
For tbc benefit of tbosc who may inch bv inch until Victory perched up
not be conversant with Indian on his banners. Afterwards one of
history, I shall make a few historical ! Alexander's generals, Solencus, led an
allusions as a preface to my tour north
ward and westwaul in order that each
reader may take renewed interest in
this most interesting quarter of the
cradle ot civilization.
India, the large peninsula in the
south of Asia, is limited on the north
by the Himalya mountains; on the east
by Burma and the bay of Bengal; on
the south by the Indian ocean; on the
west by Beluchistan, Afghanistan and
and the Arabian sea, and is divided in--to
two parts, Hindustan and Dcccait,
the former being north of tho Nerbudda
river and the latter to the south, The
province of Burma is a part of the In
dian empire but not so geographically.
India has a population of about 300,
000,000 and an area of about 1,700,000.
Seventy-eight languages are spoken
' which act as a check against any sud
den uprising of the people. Like the
Chinese, they are divided on account
of a multitude of tongues. These em
pires if united could overturn any na
tion that might become their object of
About 1000 B. C. the Aryans set out
from their home near the Caspian and
Black seas and settled on the banks of
the Indus river which is in the west of
India. Having made their home on
the Indus they put an H-before the
name of the river and called themselves
Hindus, a name that follows them and
their religion to this day. Their num
bers having multiplied, they moved to
to the Ganges, pushing the aborigines
before them, believing that to the
victors belong the spoils, a system that
obtains to this hour, From this point
onward the history of India is one
never ceasing chapter of bloodshed,
war rapine, and destruction.
The early history of India is found
chiefly in the four ancient religious
books called the Vedas, written origi
nally in Sanskrit. Around their heroes,
tales of heroism cluster similar to those
in Virgil and Homer. Forced to wor
ship something and seeing in their
spiritual blindness nothing more worthy
of worship than material things they
deified the sun, moon, sky, fire, and
water, which were worshiped according
to the choice of each person. I will
present one story from their early
history. Sista, the beautiful queen of
Rama, was captured by Havana, king
of Ceylon. Rama, thereupon raised
large army from the tribes of the south,
called monkeys and bears, with the
monkey general, Hanuman in charge.
Hanuman leaped across tho straits be
tween India and Ceylon (sixteen hours
journey by steamer) and found Sita a
prisoner in Ceylon and then leaped
back with the news to Rama, her hus
band. The monkey troops then
built a bridge across to Ceylon,
killed Ravana and returned upon the
same bridge with Sita, after which the
former disconsolate king reigned glori
ously. Gnutama, afterwards called
Buddha was born near Agra in the
early part of the fifth century. He in
troduced new thought which took form
in the shape of Buddhism, an antogo
nist of Brahmanism, but the opposi
tion of the latter was so great that 1
Buddhism dwindled to an insignificant 1
position by the tenth century where it
still remains, while Brahmanism flour
ishes. Hinduism is all comprehensive
or pantheistic, and ought not to be
considered as a religion. Hinduism
, ptimarily provides for the worship of
Vishnu and Siva, but Buddha was the
.tntli nvin4 rt T,iz,,, linnia fhn
llilllll iiivaiiiommui ioiuiu, '"'"' "
worshiper of Buddha is acceptable to
Hinduism. The Hindu also rogards
Brahma as the creator, but since
Brahmanism and Buddhism are an
tagonistic it is evident that Hinduism
is in itself contradictory. The impor
tance of India as early as 518 B. C,
' may be conjectured when it is known
that at that early date Darius, king of
Persia iuvaded the north, helped him
self to the richos about Agra and Del
hi and sailed down the Indus to the
sea. Having annexed sevoral provinces
to his realm, he reported that the
revenue I therefrom equaled one-third
of all the revenue of Persia.
The reports of the fabulous wealth
of north India reached Greece, causing
Alexander the Great, king of Macedon
, to lead his victorious Grecian army to ,
the far east. Crossing the Indus he '
army as far as the Ganges, made a
treaty with the loigning king to whom
he gave his daughter in marriage and
received as pay therefor five hundred
elophants. How weary that Grecian
girl must have become, spending her
life in this Indian country, far away
from the loved ones at home! How
often amid her unsightly surroundings
and painful isolation from the land of
her nativity she must have become
heart-broken and longed for "the peace
of home again," sighing
"It comes to me often in silence
When the firelight sputters low
When the black, uncertain shadows
Seem wraiths of the long ago.
"Always with a throb of heartache,
That thrills each pulsive vein,
Comes the old, unquiet longing
For the peace of home again."
After Buddhism had been partly
swallowed by Hinduism, a new com
petitor appeared upon the field in Mo
hammedanism, founded by Mohammed,
who was born at Mecca in Arabia 570
A. D. Twelve crusades orexpeditions
were made 03 the Mohammedans lead
ing to tho planting of their religion in
India. The decisive undertaking was
against Gujorat in West India which
was taken, no less than 20,000 camels
being required as a means of transpor
tation. The scene of action then
shifted to Delhi, where wars followed
each other in rapid succession. Sever
al dynasties of the Muhainmadds occu
pied the throne at Delhi. Desiring to
expand Iiib domain the king seht ioo,-
000 soldiers through the Himalayas to '
overrun China. Failing to subdue that
vast empire of millions, only a few re
turned,who we: e put to death because
they failed to accomplish the task as
signed. In 1399 Tamerlane invaded India at
the head ofthe Moghal or Mohamme
dan army, plundered the cities, took
multitudes of prisoners and finding so
many prisoners were a burden, put
100,000 of them to death, marched to
Delhi, captured the city and, it is said
put every person to death. The city of
Agra also figured prominently in the
various wars waged. Barbar, Humayun,
Akbar and Shah Jahan, through numer
ous battles, made every square mile
about Delhi and Agra historic. The
famous Shah Jahan is known as "the
world's greatest builder." The Jumma
Musjid, the Peacock throne at Delhi
and the Taj Mahal at Agra are regard
ed as the finest pieces of architecture
known to man. These I shall visit
and describe enroute to Bombay.
The magnificence of orientalism be
come known in western Europe in the
fifteenth century. Attempts were made
to reach this land of splendor by an
all sea route. Some sailed toward
Labrador, others towards the West
Indies, one Christopher Columbus in
particular. Vasco de Gama shipped
W. B. Erect Form
For Sale By
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around the rape of Good Hope and
lauded on the west coast of India in
1498. Portugal and Spain occupied
the field till 15S8 when the so-called
Invincible Spanish Armada wont down
before the British, giving Britain a
leverage on the far oast.
A royal chatter was signed by Queen
Elizabeth in t(oo providing for the es
tablishment of the English Hast India
company. UnJer it occurred the mis
rule of Wanen Hastings in 1772-1785;
the lingcdy of tho Black Hole of Cab
ctta in 1756; the siege of Delhi; the J
massacre of Cawnporo; and the relief i
of Lucknow in 1S57, which adminis- j
tcrcd a death blow to the East Indian
company and the entire authority and
administration of India was assumed
by the crown of England. English
rule has faced a scries of wars, f aminos,
plagues, caithquakes nnd'financial em
barrassments but thrives in spite of a I
The first Burmese war cost England
20,000 lives and 72.000,000 and as
late as 1898 she was forced to use
Co.ooo troops in quelling an uprising
among the discontented. At present
England has 75,000 of her soldiers in
India and in addition thereto, keeps
150,000 native troops under arms.
Hence it is seen that peace in India is
now purchased at the point of the bayo
net, requiring a vast army of 225,000,
nearly a quarter of a million drilled
men. In an iutcrvicw with a major of
the British army I was informed that
the total expense of maintaining this
horde of men is saddled upon the Col
onial government and is provided for
by taxes etc; hence, it is seen that
these pool, degraded, struggling, fam
ine stricken, naked natives foot the
bill just as "Jones pays the freight."
The splendid results that have come
to India through British occupatation
are immeasurable, yet it is my convic
tion that the American government will
make the mistake of its history if it
assumes a lordship over the Filipinos
with the iron hand so noticeable in
Britain's dealings with the Indians.
While Edward VII, king of England,
is cmpeior ot India, he is represented
here by Lord Curzon,the viceroy or gov
ernor general, who resides at the pal
ace in Calcutta. His wife is an Am
erican woman, captured by Lord Cur
zou at Chicago.
About a dozen couples of the people,
youny and middle aged, were up to
the hocial at Luella last Friday even
ing. Mlsa Lena Thompson was home from
her school for a day or two lately.
Elmer Hrhisteil Is having his father
from Casper, Wyo., visit htm the first
of this week. Henry accompanied him
across the country to Hay Springs
Agent Carstensen's mother was here
on a visit to him the past week. Lafe
accompanied her homeward as far as
Broken Bow Monday.
Mr. Hancock's two youngest boys,
Clifford and Clinton, boarded No. 48
Sunday night for the east to see the
the world for themselves. When last
heard from they wore going southward
about ten miles out from Thedford.
A couple of our young bloods had a
slight altercation Sunday evening.
One seems now to be slightly in mourn
ing about the eyes, tho other Is nurs
ing somewhat deranged digits. Fight
ing should never be in order, neither
should most of the so-called provoca
w W -W W VS -SJJ A VVS v"'
Theodore Thompson went to Alliance
Monday for a visit with his wife.
Two traveling men Sundaycd In
Lakeside and like all good men of that
profession, attended uhuroli.
Messrs. Tully and Lmitfuiil nud Rev.
Burleigh were Alliumw vKltjii Tues
day. There wn. quite a family reunion at
Mr. Story's Sunday, a sort of farewell
party to Hoy, who jjnps to Lincoln.
Oeorgo Kenton and wife are eoxlly
domiciled in a home of their own..
Mrs. Mnrie Rous Is now the amiable
cook at the hotel, her assistant for the
time being Miss Minnie MeKiill.
j llnrry Allison's father Is visiting him
j since last Friday morning. The old
l guutlemiiu In so much the butter look
ing that Harry Is thinking of wearjng
The 'phono line to the Tully ranch
Is dragging Its slow length along slow
I3 these days.
The latest blossoming cut on the
part of our NnMiy is a brand new well
right at his door.
Harry Ely. our assessor, haa about
finished his interviewing people.
Jake Stoudt looks quite a familiar
figure behind the counter at the
A new baby put In an appearance at
the residonce of Mr. Hall in the south
cast part of the village last week.
Mrs. Emma Kline proved up on her
.1. R. Lawrence has planted twenty
acres of "spuds" and lutends to put In
that many more.
Miss Mae Heath's school in district
No. 10 closed last Friday. Miss Heath
Is one of Box Butte's foremost teach
ers and Is well liked wherever tho has
There was a large crowd at the
dance at Frank Bauer's new barn
Friday night. Those who attended
from Alliance were Ed Reardon,
Wayne Zediker, Fred Ayers, Morris
O'Connell, .l. R. Johnson. Ed Uurrls,
l). (J. Miller, Mrs. D. U. Miller, Mrb. J.
R. Johnson, Mis-es Minnie and Agnes
Morris and Belle Smith. Warren San
ders came down from Pine Ridge to
l attend the dance and is now visiting
with T. J. Lawrenre.
Piano Voting Contest.
The result of the count of votes on
Thursday, May 7, 1903, is given bolow.
A ticket on this splendid $joo Kingsbury
piano will be given with every twenty-five
cent purchase at the following places:
Tho Famous Clothing House.
Acheson & Joder, hardware.
Lockwood & Co., furniture.
W. M. Whitfield, groceries.
Keeler& Smith, Checkered Front Livery.
dough & Collins, harness and saddlery.
M. A. Standcn. Palace Market.
Zbinden Bros., flour and feed.
Alliance Grocery Co.
Bogue's Dry Goods Store
Holsten's Drug Store.
The Alliance Herald.
The place to deposit all votes is Hol
sten's drug store. Contest closes July 3.
Because of our inability to give the space
the name of any contestant having less than
fifty votes will not be published.
T. UtroUierlioodnflUl. Train-
O. It. O. (Order of It. I'onrtotoro).
Odd Fellows ,
M. K. church v..
Hnptlst church ,
First I'rusbyturliin church
Miss Susie Frailer
Miss Inez Heck
NFW J$S&i S
!10RT mim 4 1 STOCK
!' ;f. -trm-i
&jht corset fffi&Mm I
Sfir 990 wC I i
......,. ,., i f m
Alliance, Neb. 5 S
kiSSWr - -
ri"7rrniiin m mi i ihuhhi
From now until Hay 1st 1 will conduct
a removal sale and will sell goods regard
less of cost. 1 expect to move Into my
new store May 1st, and until then will
offer the greatest bargains in Clothing
and Furnishings ever placed before the
Repairing in all its
( Ao 0 Barnes.
Jeweler and Optician.
IF. J. Brennan & Co.... 1
Paints, Oils and Wall Paper.
I Forest Lumber Co.
Estimates Cheerfully Given. r
WE MAKE ALL
AND A SPECIAL
ICE CREAM SODA
Fresh Crushed Strawberries
Every day at the
J. S. HEKINEY, Proprietor.
I have purchased the paint
shop of Albert Johnson and
am prepared to do all kinds of
PeopK if you have furni
ture you want fixed I will call
and get it. 1 also do painting
and paper hanging, graining
and first class sign work. All
work of the best and satisfac
W. H. Zelirung.
fc. ni KMBBk S
0 0 j
Hail orders promptly
DIPPING VATS. I
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