The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922, January 02, 1903, Image 2

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Stesvmer Caracas Not Allowed to Land Its Cergo at the Port of La Guayra Venezuelan
Shipping Captured by the Allies Correspondent Tells of Conditions of Life in
the South American Republic People of Seen Jia.n, Porto
Rico, Welcome AdmiraJ Dewey.
I A merchant ship owned by citizens
f tho United States was Hont away
tfrom the port of La Guayra, Venezue
'Ja, and with half Its cargo still aboard
had to go to Wlllenistad, Curncoa, to
land tho goods.
Tho vessel, the Caracas of the Red
"D" line, first waa given permission
to enter and discharge Us cargo, but
later was ordered out to sea for the
night, and then was notified that It
would not be allowed to re-enter to
complete the landing of cargo.
Apparently thero aro serious differ
enccs of opinion among tho allies, as
the driving away of tho United States
vessel after onco being admitted was
tho result of conflicting ordors. First
tho British commander agreed to the
entry of tho Caracas and then tho
Italian commander fori) ado It admis
sion. Later tho captain was notified
ho would be allowed to disembark his
cargo on condition that ho would leave
before nightfall, returning tinder tho
samo terms tho next day.
These conditions were accepted, and
with ono-thlrd of Its cargo still aboard
the Caracas put out. Then camo tho
notlco that tho vessel must not re
turn. Lieut. Commander Dlehl at four
o'clock in tho afternoon endeavored to
obtain from tho commanders of the
foreign warships an extension of a few
hours in tho time given the Caracas to
remain at its dock in order that It
might finish unloading. His request to
ithis end was refused and he did not
Tho commanders of the blockading
7warshlps explained that they wero act
ling on tho ordors of the British ad
Jmlral and that tho orders given to per
mlt tho Caracas to discharge more
.than tho mall had oeen given to sat
isfy Commander Dlehl. The Caracas
'consequently left Its berth at La
Guayra at C o'clock when It had land
ed not more than two-thirds of Us
The rule made by the allies that
'steamers reaching La Guayra before
'Dec. 30 wero to bo allowed to enter
Iport and discharge tholr cargoes dur
.Ing tho day, but were not to be al
lowed to take cargo on board, created
(general dissatisfaction at that port.
As thero Is no oxport duty on goods
shipped from Venezuela, tho ruling
does not aifect the governmont. Only
the ship workers aro affocted.
Tho German warship which passed
La Guayra towing two large schooners
was tho Panther. It captured the ves
sels near Maracalbo.
The Bausan and the Tribune cap
tured tho following prizes:
The schooner Castor, loaded with
salt, from Araya.
The schooner Maria Lulsa, with car
go of cocoa, from Caronoro.
The sloop Josellta Carmln do Vega,
loaded with a general cargo, from Car
onero. A blockade of the Venezuelan ports
of Puerto Cabello and Maracalbo has
been declared officially. Tho German
admiral Is at Willcmstad, Curacao.
The Germans continue to cut tho
mainmasts of Venezuelan vessels and
then set them free. Tho Venezuelan
insurgents aro increasing In numbers
and tho revolt against Castro is gain
Ilr strength,
Plan of President Roosevelt to 8ettle
the Dispute.
It Is understood that the President's
plan as arbitrator in the Venezuelan
dispute Is to nppolnt a board of arbi
trators. Ho would not confine this
important undertaking to any one
man, nor docs ho feol able himself to
spare tho vast amount of time neces
sary for an examination in detail of
each of the many claims that would
bo presented against Venezuela.
Noccssarlly tho President's own
board would include somo members of
a high order of legal talent, as well as
others thoroughly verBed In tho prac
tlco of international law. It 1b said
that tho crucial point to go before tho
arbitration board is tho famous "Calvo
doctrine." This doctrine, which was
laid down by tho greatest of Latin
American international lawyers, and
for many years has been regarded as
boyond question by all tho Latin-American
republics, denies tho right of any
nation to intorveno diplomatically in
c in t. d,y ,t
-' ftl. jMxHmF. t , LflPMfi fliU J n
uehalf of ono of its subjects where the
courts of tho country aro open to his
application for justico.
People of San Juan, Porto Rico, Cheer
American Sailor.
Tho reception to Admiral Dewey on
his arrival at San Juan, Porto Rico,
was a tremendous success. Tho parade
which he led with the naval offlcors
was an imposing spectacle. There
waB an tmmenso crowd of spectators.
Later there was an official reception
at tho palace. Tho admiral and Gov,
Hunt received the various officials and
citizens generally, who greeted them
enthusiastically. The admiral ox
pressed himself as highly pleased with
his reception. Tho governor gave a
ball in honor of the admiral.
The Home Life and Surroundings of
the Venezuelans.
Tho exteriors of Venezuelan houses
are almost exactly alike, so much so
that it is a wonder a man in his cups
ever finds his home, Until you aro
insldo tho Inner door you havo no way
of knowing whether you are to see
splendor or squalor, whether thero Is
to be ono little dirty patio, with slov
enly women and numorous naked chil
dren, or a beautiful, spacious potlo,
with gardens and trees beyond, with
furniture from Europe and Inmates
beautiful in face, figure and attire
mont. In Caracas there is no fash
ionable quarter, tho poor and the
rich dwell side by side; but since tho
house wall or the garden wall sepa
rates tho two, and since there aro no
front porches to sit upon, it matters
little who your neighbors are.
The general arrangement of Vene-
zuelan houses is alike. Tho front
door opens into an outer vestibule,
Its longth being the width of the
front door, or rooms. At its end a
second door opens Into tho patio. Ev
erything goes in and out this door
callers, grocers, servants and often
oven tho burros. Somo of tho finest
havo back gates and doors, but tho
ordinary house has no alleyways. An
American cannot but bo astonished,
ns Bhe sits in the drawing room visit
ing, to hear tho feet of a burro clatter
along tho patio, down tho fow steps,
poslbly through tho kitchen, into tho
back patio or into the corral, its quar
ters. Sho docs not object though,
for next to tho sweot-tompored chil
dren and pretty women, sho likes tho
burro best of anything in Venezuela.
Ho is so grave, so graceful, so indus
trious and so self-respecting.
Tho patio is usually oblonc or
square. Tho centre may bo a real
garden, with shrubs, treos, vines and
flowers, or It may bo cemented or
tiled, having its plants in pots. In
clthor of theso cases thero aro usually
fountains, gold fish, orchids, birds
and sometimes monkeys. Tho roof
projects over part of tho patio, mak
ing a porch and here the family really
The .drawing room or parlor runs
tho full length of tho house, exclusive
of tho vestlbulo. The windows havo
Iron bars outside and wooden bllndB
Inside. They need no glass windows
and have none, except occasionally
ono of tho panels of tho blinds may bo
glass. The bedrooms and dining
room aro on each side of tho patio, the
kitchen and servants' quarters bad;.
This arrangement Is sometimes varied
by having tho dining room back and
a second .patio between that and the
kitchen and servants' quarters.
Tho floors aro of cement, covered
with hardwood, but more oftener with
rugs or matting or oilcloth. Fow
rooms are carpeted all over. Most of
tho larger houses of Venezuela havo
water works and electric lights. Few
have sewerage and plumbing. Cara
cas has plumbing and sewers from tho
houses, but tho creeks servo for the
general sewerage. Under ordinary
circumstances this would not bo well
but the hills aro at such apgles that
the fall Is two ways and the sewerage
is good. Tho sudden showers send
tho water down the mountainside,
flushing tho creeks so that Caracas
Is one of the most healthy cities In
the world.
Generally bpeaklng, tho houses In
Venezuela havo but ono story and no
cellars. The best houses are con
structed with two brick walls, ono
foot and a half or a two-foot space
filled with cement. Other houses havo
walls of cement or cement stone.
Theso walls are made by filling
wooden molds with cement until It
sufficiently hardens to hold Its weight.
Tho molds are then removed and plac
ed on top, refilled with cement, and
so on to completion.
Small houses, especially thoso In
tho country, are constructed by erect
ing two rows of poles, somo six to
olghtccn Inches apart, the cpaco ' be
tweon being filled with stones or
clay. Outside tho poles, wet natural
cloy is plastered on and smoothed
with a board. The sun dries this to
hardness, but in wet weather It often
becomes spongy.
The houses of the poor and many
fences are made of largo bricks of wet
clay, dried in tho sun, but not burned.
Small cabins In tho country are built
by sticking poles Into the ground and
nailing to these clapboards roughly
made from the outer wood of the
royal palm tree. This class of houses
Is too cheap and poor to warrant an
expensive roof, and they aro generally
thatched. In tho wooded part of the
country the leaves of the palm are
tied In bunches and bound on the
roof frame in layers. These bunches
aro about two feot thick and lap each
other just as our shingles do.
Where wood Is not plentiful and
palms aro not to be had the roof is
thatched with bunches of young wild
cano. Tho palms and cane aro tied
on to tho pole rafters by means of a
long vine of the nature of our grapo
stems, called bajucca. This grows
from fifty to one hundred feet In
length, varying In thickness from
ropo to twine. It is so strong that
lumbermen use It to fasten their logs
together in booms, boatmen to tio
their boats and divers to tether their
burros. It is very flexlblo and can bo
tied in any kind of knots.
Many of tho mannerisms of Vene
zuela women remind ono of tho south
ern women, whllo In other ways they
aro llko women In the most conserve
t'vo parts of Europe. No woman of
respectability goes upon the streets
alono In tho evening In Caracas, and
young unmarried women never go
alono at any time and under any cir
cumstances; further, they aro seldom
left In tho house3 alone. Married
women can f,o about In the daytlmo
with discretion, but they are very
apt to go In pairs or groups. Young
women never see young men alono,
and they usually do their visiting and
love-making through tho Iron bars of
tho windows.
American tin enters Into tho con
struction of some Bmall huts In Vene
zuela. Few Americans realize how
the peon prlzeB our tin can. Ho
utilizes It for purposes wo would
never think ho could. Cans, great
and small, are flattened out and used
for siding and roofing, being held in
place by cano or vines. If thero was
money to paint this tin, it would last
a long time; as it is it soon rusts.
The partition walls of tho best
houses aro built like the outsldo ones.
The roof has first round sticks of
lignum vltae for rafters and tho inter
stices are filled in with cano held In
place by wire. This is covered with
cement and red tile, laid in cement,
covers all. This tile roof Is used on
all houses alike (except, of course,
the little huts referred to) so tja"
when one stands on Calvarlo in q&.
racas or any hillside near any tovQ
ono sees masses of red tile be'ony
variance In color being due to ,SOf
tue oiu ones ueing moss-grown.
Number of Derd Reaches More Than
Thirty Responsibility for. Accident
Is Believed to Rest on Teegraph
Operator. V.
LONDON, Ont. A train wreck
bringing death to over two score of
passengers and terrible pain and suf
fering to about thirty-five, occurred at
10:10 o'clock Friday night at Wan
stead, Canada, a station on the Sarnla
branch of the Grand Trunk, forty
miles from this city, when the Pacific
express, flying westward at the rate of
fifty miles an hour, and crowded to its
capacity with passengers returning to
their homes 'from holiday visits,
crashed Into an eastbound freight
Tho latest estimates of the fatalities
Is thirty killed and thirty-five or more
Tho darkness of the night and the
raging of a blizzard added horrors to
tho wreck.
Fire broke out in the wreckago of
tho day coach, but It was smothered
with snow, which was thrown on It
before it gained any headway.
The Pacific express is a fast train.
Last night it wns delayed two hours
by tho heavy travel and at Wanstead
It was speeding to make up time. The
freight was working slowly east under
orders to take tho switch at Wanstead
and allow the express to pass.
In the blinding snow storm neither
engineer saw tho other train approach
ing, apparently, and tho freight had
just commenced to pull in the siding
when the passenger train came up.
Tho shock waa .awful. In a second
the baggage and express cars of tho
passenger train telescoped Into tho day
coach. This day coach was reduced
to splinters and fragments back to the
last three windows. As It was- crowd
ed, the results wero terrible. Fire that
broke out was quickly smothered, but
tho fire was scarcely more dangerous
than the cold. For three hours or
more Injured passengers were pinned
underneath wreckage, crying plteously
for help, while they suffered from ex
posure to the elements.
Exposure probably hastened the
death of somo of the injured and
caused the death of some of those who
might have been saved If It had been
only a question of extricating them
from the wreckage.
The Pullman cars stayed on the
track and were comparatively unin
jured, although the passengers In them
wero severely shaken In tho shock.
Andrew Carson, tho operator at
Watford, the first station cast of the
wreck, whose failure to deliver or
ders to Conductor McAullffe of the
Taclfic express to pass tho freight at
Wanstead Is said by tho Grand Trunk
officials to have caused the wreck,
made to the Assdciated Press his
first statement since the wreck. He
says he received tho order for No. 5,
the express, to pass tho freight at
Wanstead at 9:4S o'clock, but .de
clares positively that, a few mlmttes
later Dispatcher J. G. Kerr at Lon
don called" him and drdered him to
"bust" or cancel the order. He said:
About 9:54, after calling Wyoming
and ascertaining that the freight was
there, the dispatcher called me rapidly
a half dozen times. When I answered
on the wire ho told me to 'bust this
order. I wrote 'bust It' across the
order just as McAullffe came in and
asked mo what tho order board was
out against him for. I told him wo
had had an order for him but the dis
patcher had 'busted' It. He asked me
to hurry and wrlto him a clearance
order, which I did. After the train
had started and was out of my reach
tho dispatcher learned that tho freight
had left Wyoming. I told him I could
not stop No. 5, as it had left. He
immediately began calling Kings
Court Junction, the station between
Watford and Wanstead, on the rail
road wlro and I tried to raise them
on tho commercial wire. We both
failed to do this, however, until after
the express had passed the Junction."
Carson admitted that he knew that
it was against the rules to cancel a
train lorder without sending a substi
tute fol it, but said that tho dispatch
er was his superior officer and he dis
liked to question his order or dispute
his authority to tako this action. Dis
patcher Korr's order book in the local
Grand Trunk office does not show
that the order was "busted" or can
celled as Carson claims. According
to tho book t was still In force and
Bhould Have been delivered to the
conductor of lho express. Kerr has
not made any Statement even to the
railroad officiate and will not until ho
takes the stand at the inquest.
Division Superintendent George D.
.opps of Toroifiy says that the rule
against cancelling r "busting" train
orders Is the stricTest in the company's
cede. "I do ptf believe," ho said,
"that It has beef1 violated since the
I standard dlspatcfilnS rules went ltno
effect Dispatcher Korr Is one of
best and most efficient dispatchers!
our service. Ho is tho operator xt
acqonvpanled tho train bearing tH
duko and duchess of York on tt
royal tour of Canada a year ago.
havo overy confldenco In him."
Two Thousand of Sultan's Troops
Killed or Wounded.
TANGIER, Morocco. On December
22, 10,000 Shereeflan troops, command
ed by a-brother of tho sultan's minister
of war, received orders to concentrato
ind take the offensive against, the pre-
ans movid uiyin lm the pretender at
tacked them with large bodies of cav
alry. The imperial army wns sur
rounded, completely routed nnd fled In
disorder toward Fez, abandoning all
materials of war. The first fugitives
arrived at Fez on the morning of De
cember 24.
Tho gates of Fez at present are Bliut.
Shops thero aro closed and the popu
lation is greatly excited,' but there has
been no disorder.
The European colony of Fez, em
bodying about 500 persons, Is taking no
steps to leave tho town and appears
to bo satisfied that it is in no imminent
danger, although tho situation Is re
garded as serious. It is said that tho
pretender's followers havo received nu
merous additions since his success and
ho Is already negotiating with tho
tribes of Wedmaweb valley. The pop
ulation of Fez is reported to be gen
erally hostllo to the sultan and ready
to acclaim any pretender who will
guarantee tho town from pillage.
No details of the imperial losses
have yet been received here, but It is
rumored that 2,000 of tho sultan's sol
diers were killed or wounded. Tho
authorities here aro trying to minimize
the disaster. It is said that a section
of the imperial troops sent as rein
forcements deserted to the rebels and
aided In driving tho local troops back
to Fez.
Caleb Powers of Kentucky Says His
Means Are Exhausted.
GEORGETOWN, Ky. Ex-Secretary
of State Caleb Powers, who has had
two trials and now awaits In jail hero
his third trial for complicity In tho
murder of the late Governor William!
Goobol, Issued the following appeal to
the public:
"I have had written a number of
letters to different states asking for
financial aid In my coming trial for'
alleged complicity In the Goebel muN
der. A portion of tho press has,
through a misunderstanding of tho1
facts, attempted to thwart my plan for
raising tho much-needed money with!
which to defend myself, by circulating1
a report that these letters wero not
genulno "because signed by different
persons for me. .
"It Is true that many or the letters
were signed by' different persons, be
cause it was Impossible for one person
to send them out In the limited tlmo
before my next trial, but all of theso
letters are genuine.
"I havo been continuously in the
jails of this state for nearly three
years. My means aro exhausted. The
generosity of Kentucky has been taxed
to the utmost In my former-so-called
trials. In a few weeks I am again to
be tried for my-life. Henco my appeal
now to my friends outsldo of Ken
tucky." W. J. BRYAN IN MEXICO.
Visit Varied by Slght-Seelng and Offi
cial Calls.
MEXICO CITY. William J. Bryan's
visit has been varied by sightseeing
and official calls. Ho has been re
ceived In audience by President Diaz
and Minister of Finance Limantour.
Mrs. Bryan and the children visited
the shrine of the Virgin of Guada
lopo. Last evening the Bryan party took
a train for Cordova, whence they
will travel over tho Vera Cruz & Pa
cific road to Alfred Bishop Mason's
haccionda. The party will return hero
Tuesday morning.
The government people havo not
sought Mr. Bryan for information on
silver as his views are well known
Gobbled by the Trust.
LOUISVILLE, Ky. According to
the Courier-Journal, Harry Welsslng
or, president of the Weisslnger Tobac
co company of this city, has closed a
deal which has been pending for sev
eral days for the sale of his plant to
the Continental Tobacco company for
J2.500.000. Tho papers have, been
signed and Mr. Weisslnger will leave
for New York to complete the details
of the transaction. The company Is
ono of tho largest Independent con
cerns of the kind In tho country.
Cervera Is Honored.
MADRID The appointment of Vlco
Admiral Cervera, who surrendered to
the American fleet off Santiago do
Cuba, to the post of chief of staff of
the navy has been published in tho
Official Gazette.